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                Progress Towards Environmental Sustainability
                     The ecosystem in Chad is quite fragile and is highly affected by climatic                     Abéché
                      change.Droughts and extensive exploitation of resources have contributed NIGERIA      N'Djamena
                       to the weak conditions of the natural environment. The desert, which cov-
                       ers around one third of national territory, is advancing by approximately 3-
                      5 kilometers a year. No formation of a coherent strategy for environmental    Moundou
                    sustainability has taken place apart from the implementation of certain con- CAMEROON           AFRICAN REPUBLIC
                  ventions on biodiversity, climate change, and combating desertification. Some
            projects that the Government has undertaken include the Project for Conservation and Management of Natural Resources and
     the Project for the Conservation and Use of Natural Resources in South Eastern Chad.

     Chad encourages strong collaboration between civil society, government, and the population in order to foster a sense of national
     concern with regards to the environment and its natural resources. However, degradation of natural resources will continue unless
     a comprehensive, coherent and people-centered strategy is defined and enforced.

     Around 4% of households in Chad are of modern construction, whereas traditional housing infrastructure, vulnerable to unfavorable
     weather conditions, makes up 88% of households. In urban areas, around 57% of housing is of a traditional type, 32% is semi-tra-
     ditional and 11% is modern. Given these figures, it is unlikely that Chad will be able to fulfill the goal of significantly reducing the
                                                                      proportion of slum dwellers by 2015, unless vast and sweeping
                        QUICK FACTS                                   efforts are pursued.

                 CURRENT PORTFOLIO BUDGET                             Environmental challenges in Chad necessitate the increased support
       Total UNDP-GEF and Co-Finance:     $5,800,000                  of partners to focus on the formation of national sustainable devel-
           Total UNDP and Co-Finance:     $2,671,580                  opment strategies modified to conform to the Chadian context, the
               Total MPU and Bilateral:    $212,371                   strengthening of local capacity for environmental protection and
                                 Total:   $8,683,951                  management of natural resources, and improved implementation of
                                                                      international environmental conventions.1
     Cumulative Total ODS Phased-Out:            14.8 ODP tonnes

                                 Integrated Water Management Plan to Achieve the MDGs2
                                  Two thirds of Chad’s land area is desert, and over the past thirty years the country has suffered the con-
                                  sequences of a persistent drought, accelerating the desertification process and reducing the surface
                                  area of agropastoral land.The poor are vulnerable to chronic diseases related to their living conditions,
                                 and lack access to clean water and sanitation. Women and girls from villages without drinking water
                                spend several hours each day collecting water, reducing the time the girls can attend school. The severe
                              lack of basic infrastructure and the multiple water-related issues in the country prompted the Government
                           to draw up a national water policy with integrated management strategies.
         Funded through UNDP in 2002 with US$ 2.2 million and executed by UNDESA, the Integrated Plan for Water Development and
         Management (SDEA) is a multisectoral, strategic master plan providing guidelines for the sustainable development and man-
         agement of water resources in Chad. The overall aim of the plan is to achieve the MDGs – particularly the target to increase
         access to safe drinking water – and ensure integrated and participative management of water resources and its infrastructure.
         The SDEA also integrates economic options for development, environmental constraints and water resources into a single overall
         approach to sustainable development. The plan is not restricted to drinking water and sanitation issues, it encompasses all the
         other economic uses (industrial, agricultural, pastoral, and fisheries) and environmental uses of water (rainwater, surface water
         and groundwater).
         The water management plan has already helped to redirect aid and design international aid programmes that are now in
         progress or upcoming. In 2003 and 2004, the Government began establishing the central, regional and local (public, private and
         association-based) management procedures laid down in the SDEA. These efforts to rationalize investments were undertaken

         in close collaboration with donors and technical organisations in the field of water management in Chad.

 UNDP Chad’s activities aim to reinforce national capacities in order to ensure a successful transition towards the oil economy.The
 office is also helping the national authorities to formulate, implement and evaluate policies, strategies and programmes intend-
 ed to combat poverty and to promote human development where tolerance, solidarity, justice, safety, and human rights remain
 the foundation of Chadian society. UNDP Chad also considers water as a major force in their campaign to fight poverty.3

                                                                                                                             Kingsley Amaning, Resident Representative


              UNDP is supporting Chad to fulfill its commitments to the three Rio Conventions, and ensure the integration and coherence of its envi-
              ronmental policies and initiatives. The GEF-funded National Capacity Self-Assessment (NCSA) document was drafted and completed in
              2004, and provided a thorough analysis of areas in which Chad requires greater capacity to implement the measures as ratified under
              the three conventions.

              UNDP is working to support effective water governance in Chad to increase access to safe drinking water and sanitation, one of the tar-

              gets of the MDGs. Chad’s initial water governance initiatives were undertaken through implementation of the Water and Sanitation proj-
              ect from 1998 through 2003 through UNDP, with support from the French government. The Spotlight provides further information on
              local water governance efforts in Chad.

              In the area of Climate Change, the GEF-funded National Adaptation Programme for Action (NAPA) has been established to address the
              urgent and immediate national needs for Chad to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, and for preparation of the required
              National Communications to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

              UNDP’s initiatives to support the Government of Chad in complying with Montreal Protocol obligations have a history of over 11 years.
              Funding from the Montreal Protocol continues to make possible the successful implementation of technology transfer initiatives that
              target ODS consumption in the domestic and commercial refrigeration sectors. UNDP is currently supporting the Government of Chad
              through an incentive programme for the commercial/industrial end-user sector. The programme also provides technical assistance.
              Chad is also participating in a regional methyl bromide (Me. Br.) phase-out project, implemented by UNDP, for low-volume consumers
              in Africa. This project provides policy strengthening assistance to prevent the introduction of Me. Br. use in the country.


                  http://www.td.undp.org/                                                                                                      Some of our Partners working with
                                                                                                                                               UNDP and the Government in Chad

     Chad MDGR 2002 http://www.undg.org/documents/2756-Premier_Rapport_Pays_sur.doc; 22Project website,‘Integrated Plan for Chad’s Water Development and Management 2003-2020:
    http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/tech_coop/sdea/english/; 3http://www.td.undp.org/; *Frameworks and Strategies for Sustainable Development                                        47

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