The Effect of Anxiety among EFL learners in Taiwan by min12172

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									The Effect of Anxiety among
  EFL learners in Taiwan

           EFL 501
         VIVIAN CHANG

                        Nov. 29, 2004
What do anxious people look like ?
                       Areas of the brain involved with Anxiety


What does anxiety affect
     our brains ?
                           Limbic System




                           (Picture source: www.diseases-explained.com)
How does anxiety relate to
     EFL Learning?
  Theoretical Background

Negative relationship between EFL anxiety and
English proficiency              (Ganschou, 1994)


Oral-oriented activities in class produce the most
anxiety                              (Young, 1991)


Instructor’s behavior and character
                                   (Young, 1991 )
Relationship between anxiety
      and EFL learning
                                      Speaking
                      Listening
Most relationship
between anxiety and
EFL Learning is                     Reading
negative                  Writing
        EFL Speaking Anxiety

                                           Speaking
Oral-oriental activities   Listening
produce the most
anxiety                                  Reading
Anxiety occurs when            Writing
the student has to
speak in front of a
group
EFL Listening, Reading and Writing Anxiety

Listening--Anxious students                  Speaking
had difficulty grasping the
                              Listening
content of a target message.
              (Dixson, 1991)
Reading--Highly anxious                    Reading
students tend to recall less
passage content                    Writing
              (Sellers, 2000)
Anxiety is related to writing
and speaking abilities
              (Cheng, 1999)
Debilitative v.s. Facilitative Anxiety
Anxiety could be distinguished into “harmful” and “helpful”
anxiety                                  (Oxford 1999)

Harmful                        Helpful
• Too much tension gets in     • It is one of the key to
                                   success-relate to
  the way of learning
                                   competitiveness
• It reduce learning           • Just enough, no more than
  motivation                       needed
    The Construct of
Foreign Language Anxiety

 Communication apprehension
 Test anxiety
 Fear of negative evaluation
 Low self-confidence
 Others (perfectionism, parents’
 expectation)
    Classroom atmosphere and
         language anxiety

Teaching techniques and approaches
   -- rigid, error correct right away
The teacher’s characteristics
   -- friendly, sense of humor, patient
Desuggestopedia
       – good for beginners
 What am
I going to
 do in the
 future ?
What am I going to do in the future?
    ---- Create a low-anxiety classroom

       Using humor
       Playing games
       Music / Singing songs
       Using visual materials
       (Picture/Drawing/Video tape)
What am I going to do in the future?
 ---- Build a good instructor-leaner interaction

     Journal Writing
        Encourage students to write down their feeling
        and the anxiety in class
     CLT
        Teacher consider not only students’ knowledge,
        but also their feelings, physical reactions.
Picture source:
www.cartoon-artist.com/

								
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