key economic indicators .................................................... 2
overview ............................................................................... 2
imports and exports............................................................ 4
sector opportunities............................................................ 5
market entry......................................................................... 7
regulatory issues................................................................. 7
freight ................................................................................. 10
doing business with Saudi Arabia................................... 10
security/safety ................................................................... 12
visa requirements.............................................................. 12
time difference................................................................... 12
useful websites.................................................................. 14
This document is one of a series of free information tools for exporters produced by New Zealand
Trade and Enterprise. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise provides a wide range of standard
Saudi Arabia services and sophisticated solutions that assist businesses through every stage of the export
June For information or advice, phone New Zealand Trade and Enterprise on 0800 555 888, visit
2006 www.nzte.govt.nz, or contact your client manager.
key economic indicators
Economic Indicator Saudi Arabia
Population 25.2 million* (2005)
* includes 7.60 million non Saudi nationals
GDP (PPP) US$340.5 billion (2005)
GDP Growth Rate 5.2% (2005)
GDP Per Capita (PPP) US$12,900 (2005)
Inflation 0.7% (2005)
Total Imports SR 221,209 million (2004)
Total Exports SR 486,929 million (2004)
Currency 1 Saudi riyal (SR) = 100 halalah
Exchange Rate: NZ$ NZ$ = 2.36 SR (June 2006)
Exchange Rate: US$ US$ = 3.75 SR (pegged since 1986)
Source: Central Department of Statistics, IMF, UN
Following more than two decades of very rapid economic growth and development of
infrastructure, residential accommodation, industry and social amenities, the Saudi economy is
now developing at a more measured pace. Oil price fluctuations have constrained growth in
recent years, but the government is also being more prudent with its revenues. With the current
surge in oil prices and increased demand for oil, the economy has again strengthened, with near
record oil revenues, strong fiscal performance, healthy trade balances, good private sector
growth, low inflation, and low interest rates.
The government is actively encouraging non-oil industries, including mining and agriculture, with
the objective of achieving high levels of national self-sufficiency, particularly in essential
commodities and products. The Saudi Government has also initiated a programme of
privatisation of Government owned entities. It began the privatisation reform through the
corporatisation of the Saudi Telecommunications Company (STC), and is in the process of
privatising other assets, ranging from postal services to water desalination and waste water
Saudi Arabia is a member of the Arabian Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), along with Kuwait,
Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. The GCC was established in 1981 to
provide a forum for the development of economic cooperation between member states. Many
products are now regulated according to GCC standards, set by all members. Progress is being
made towards harmonising customs duties throughout the GCC.
In a wider context, World Trade Organisation (WTO) membership was achieved in December
2005. Membership is expected to primarily benefit the petrochemicals sector. In order to meet
WTO entry requirements, Saudi Arabia has also made good progress in opening investment
Country Brief markets and addressing foreign investor concerns.
Saudi Arabia has the largest known resources of oil of any country in the world, with close to a
quarter of the world’s known reserves. The country is investing vast sums to expand its oil
output, with the intention of increasing spare OPEC capacity to ease market concerns about tight
supply. However, achieving significantly increased capacity will prove challenging at a time when
some of the country’s mature fields, including the super-giant Ghawar field, are in decline.
Saudi Arabia also has significant reserves of natural gas. Deposits of a wide range of minerals
have been discovered in the Kingdom, including gold, silver, iron and copper. The government is
currently examining ways in which to invest in downstream development of these resources.
International social and economic trends, while not always openly embraced in Saudi Arabia, do
impact on the development of its society. The country’s rapidly growing and relatively young
population base has increasing access to information on products and services offered
internationally and represent the largest consumer market in the GCC. As such, products and
services that fit into the related but slightly less conservative markets elsewhere in the region
should have potential for introduction in the Kingdom.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, with the King holding the position of Premier and
governing the Council of Ministers. There are no political parties or national elections. The
leading members of the royal family choose the King from among themselves, with the
subsequent approval of the ulama (religious leaders). Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces
governed by members of the royal family. The King appoints all governors.
Since 1953, the Council of Ministers, appointed by and responsible to the King, has advised on
the formulation of general policy and directed the activities of the growing bureaucracy. The
council is made up of a Prime Minister, the first and second deputy Prime ministers, 20 ministers,
two ministers of state, and a small number of advisers and heads of major autonomous
Legislation is by resolution of the Council of Ministers and must be compatible with the Sharia.
Access to high officials (usually at a majlis, or public audience) and the right to petition them
directly is a well-established tradition for the local population.
In 2003, the government announced plans to conduct municipal council elections in the Kingdom
– the first elections since 1930. These elections eventually took place in 2005 and were seen by
some as a first tentative step towards the introduction of democratic processes. Saudi citizens
older than 21, excluding women and members of the military, were allowed to participate in the
Saudi Arabia's legal system is based on Sharia law, which is derived from the Quran and the
traditional sayings (Hadith) of the Prophet Muhammad, as interpreted by the ulama, a body of
religious experts. Justice is administered by a system of religious courts, whose judges are
appointed by the King on the recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council.
His Royal Majesty King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud became Saudi Arabia’s King in August
2005, following the death of his half-brother, King Fahd.
imports and exports
Saudi Arabia's Top Imports
Saudi Arabia's Top Imports, 2004 Saudi Riyals (million)
Electrical machines, equipment and tools 37,156
Transportation equipment 35,908
Food stuffs 25,185
Cars and spare parts 21,789
Chemical products 21,516
Base metals and metal articles 16,655
Live animals and animal products 8,354
Vegetable products 8,272
Textiles and clothes 8,083
All other imports 32,655
Source: Central Department of Statistics (Saudi Arabia)
Saudi Arabia's Top Ten Exports
Saudi Arabia's Top Ten Exports, for 2004 Saudi Riyals (million)
Petroleum and mineral products 415,696
Chemical products 31,128
Plastic products 12,455
Base metals and articles of base metals 4,482
Electrical machines, equipment and tools 2,132
Pearls; precious & semi-precious stones 1,886
Live animal and animal products 1,546
Paper and paper products 1,418
Glass and glassware 877
All other exports 11,652
Source: Central Department of Statistics (Saudi Arabia)
Saudi Arabia’s economic fortunes rise and fall with the oil price. Therefore, with the current surge
in oil prices and strong world demand for oil, imports and exports have increased – by 21 percent
Country Brief and 35 percent respectively – and the economy is expanding at its fastest rate since 1991.
Furthermore, imports and exports have increased as a result of a change in focus toward trading
June relationships, with imports rising from Asia, particularly India and China. At the same time, Saudi
Arabia’s oil exports to China have grown sharply.
New Zealand's Top Ten Exports to Saudi Arabia
Top Ten Exports for the year ended 31 March 2006 NZ$ millions FOB
(NZ$1 = SR2.38)
Milk Powder 196.4
Sheep meat 39.5
Butter and oils from milk 28.2
Other dairy products 8.3
Animal feed 3.8
Paper and paperboard 3.5
Other meat 2.9
Total (all exports) 369.3
Source: World Trade Atlas
The figure of NZ$369.3 million represents a slight increase on the previous twelve months and
places Saudi Arabia as New Zealand’s 18th most important export destination. Exports continue
to be dominated by dairy products and frozen sheep meat. The balance of export products and
services is varied. Wood exports show strong growth, increasing by 145 percent over the
previous 12 months.
Note that the merchandise trade figures above do not account for the provision of services, which
include consultancy and education. The latter is making a consistent contribution to the trade
relationship, with increasing student numbers in both the short-term English language sector and
for longer-term tertiary studies.
New Zealand imports (CIF) from Saudi Arabia totalled NZ$377.3 million for the year ending 31
March 2006. Petrochemical products accounted for NZ$277.2 million of this total. Fertilisers
($48.1m) and plastics ($38.9m) were other leading import items.
New Zealand companies are historically well regarded in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for
supplying quality food products. Dairy and meat exporters are widely recognised by Saudis as
suppliers of note and have the capacity to maintain a strong business relationship. For other
suppliers of foodstuffs there is potential to leverage off this reputation. To an extent, this goodwill
(or rather positive positioning) toward New Zealand will stand other sectors in good stead. New
Zealand’s position vis a vis regional politics also contributes to a lack of negative perceptions
against the country and its people. Some non-food sectors that offer potential include:
Agritech and Services Associated with Agriculture
Despite the perceptions of its arid desert climate, Saudi Arabia has a well developed agriculture
sector including dairy (fresh milk and milk products), bovine and ovine farming (for meat) and
Saudi Arabia substantial cropping. Suppliers offering new technology and innovative systems to increase
production and lower costs will find a potential market in the Kingdom.
Consultancy Services, especially in Corporatisation and Privatisation
The government is looking to corporatise many of its business operations in the medium term.
Other GCC countries are looking closely at New Zealand expertise in this area and it is likely,
with appropriate marketing of services, that Saudi Arabia could also be interested in New
Zealand expertise. Areas previously addressed in this regard include postal services, banking
and education / training development.
New Zealand has a growing profile in the Saudi overseas education market. Student volumes are
in the short-term (often over the Saudi summer break) English language sector. With English
now a compulsory subject from Year 6, this market has potential to grow. In the post 11
September 2001 environment, New Zealand has also begun to feature in the tertiary study
preferences of both the Saudi Government and private students. New Zealand’s safe and non-
partisan environment, along with a recognised, quality education offering and value for money, all
factor into this position.
Saudi Arabia has embarked on a thorough modernisation of its IT requirements, both in the
public and private sector. The Internet is allowing Saudis access to the outside world (albeit
through a watched proxy) and regional reporting suggests that the market has the largest
potential for e-commerce and e-learning development. Much of the business process in Saudi
Arabia is paper driven, so while it may take time to implement (depending on the sector
involved), there is potential in solutions that will assist in the streamlining of business processes.
Document and data warehousing is a particular growth sector in this regard.
Saudi Arabia has recently partially privatised its monopoly fixed line telecommunications
provider, Saudi Telecommunications Company (STC), which is due for competition, but the
current focus of activity is in the mobile telecommunications sector. UAE based Etisalat operates
Mobily, the second mobile provider, while a third GSM licence is due to be offered by tender in
2006. Potential opportunities exist for innovative hardware and software solutions to both fixed
and mobile telecommunications providers. There is also a substantial market servicing the
remoter pockets of this large country and the large petrochemical / project sites with radio
Wood and Wood Products
Saudi Arabia imports 99.9 percent of its total wood requirements, with most lumber brought in as
sawn timber. Demand for pine species is largely for industrial applications (pallets/boxing), which
is very much commodity trade oriented. There is historically little by way of timber construction in
the New Zealand sense but high end structurally engineered timber products are finding their
way into an increasing number of projects. There is also a large market for board products, but
this is subject to significant cost competition.
Do not rush into appointing a Saudi company as your agent until you are familiar with its
business and are entirely comfortable that they will be suitable. There is very strong demand for
agencies but many outwardly impressive candidates may be incapable of performing to
expectation. The replacement of one agent with another can be made very difficult by the
discarded agent if he is not in agreement.
Financial records are often difficult to obtain and there are few international credit agencies with
a presence in the region. All businesses in Saudi Arabia are required to be members of their
local Chamber of Commerce. The Chambers are well resourced and are excellent sources of
information on companies.
Full commercial care should be exercised in the management of financial exposures to Saudi
business, regardless of the ownership of the debtor organisation. Lengthy payment delays are
not unusual. Foreign creditors may have great difficulty in obtaining redress. Letters of credit are
widely used and accepted as a normal method of payment in international trade. Saudi banks
have satisfactory international credit ratings.
Keeping in touch with your business partners in Saudi Arabia is essential. Business is often
done only after several initial visits and at a very personal level. The more emphasis you place
on the personal relationship, the easier you will find it to do business. Saudis value contact with
their suppliers, whether this is by phone, fax or email. In-market visits are the best way of
keeping abreast of business developments.
For further information please contact your New Zealand Trade and Enterprise client manager, or
call New Zealand Trade and Enterprise on 0800 555 888.
Some of the regulatory issues New Zealand exporters to Saudi Arabia need to be aware of are
This has been the subject of considerable debate in terms of Saudi Arabia’s entry to the World
Trade Organisation. Saudi Arabia has a number of protected “infant industries”. Previously, many
of these industries were heavily subsidised by either the government or a supply chain.
Subsidies have decreased as the government has imposed a 20 percent tariff protection rate on
imported goods that relate to the “infant industries”.
Saudi Arabia imposes no foreign exchange restrictions on capital receipts or payments by
residents or non-residents, beyond a prohibition against transactions with Israel. The exchange
rate is US $1 = SR3.75. This rate has been fixed since 1986. There are also no limitations on the
inflow or outflow of funds for remittances of profits, debt service, capital, capital gains, or returns
on intellectual property or imported inputs.
After a slow start, the internet is now being embraced by Saudi business. Some companies have
developed web pages, but e-commerce is still in its infancy. Contacts will sometimes have e-mail
addresses on their business cards but this is by no means a certainty. It is still quite common for
business people (and some government officials) to use a hotmail or yahoo style address rather
than a corporate domain. In early 2006, Saudi Arabia had 15 Internet Service Providers (ISP)
providing internet access to over 2.5 million users, up from 200,000 five years earlier.
Saudi Arabia does have some environmental controls on industry. The dominance of the
petroleum and petro-chemical industries does, however, make enforcement variable. Agricultural
production is still a heavy user of pesticides and fungicides. There is, nonetheless, a growing
awareness of environmental issues. Companies are moving towards increased ISO certification
and some food processing industries have introduced the food safety code HACCP. Standards
for the labelling of genetically modified food went into effect December 2001, and in February
2003 the Saudi Ministry of Agriculture issued new regulations on labelling for genetically modified
food. The import of genetically modified animals, birds, and their by-products is prohibited.
One of the major issues facing importers to the Kingdom (and other GCC countries) is food
safety. There have, for example, been numerous cases in the past of products being rejected for
minute traces of salmonella. A health certificate from the relevant New Zealand inspection
authority is required as part of the exporter’s documentation. Companies should contact New
Zealand Trade and Enterprise for further advice on this issue.
In general, most products can be exported to Saudi Arabia. However, there are several
prohibited imports, which are strictly enforced. These include:
alcohol and products containing alcohol
pork and products containing pork
pornography (this term is applied very broadly)
products of Israeli manufacture
certain prescription drugs.
Travellers’ bags are searched for prohibited items.
Import Quotas and Licences
A Chamber of Commerce in New Zealand must certify export documents. For some items (e.g.
meat), special provisions apply, as the Saudi Arabian Embassy in Canberra must also certify the
documents. All meat products must be Halal certified by the appropriate Islamic authorities in
Marking and Bar Codes
Bar codes are used for most consumer items. Larger stores and hypermarkets will use barcode
2006 data for re-orders but in general, stock management is still evolving in Saudi Arabia. Check with
your importer/agent for advice.
Packing and Labelling
All food products imported to Saudi Arabia should have Arabic and English labelling. Importers
can assist on the correct wording of the labelling. Regulations are also available from the Saudi
Arabian Standards Organisation (SASO). New Zealand Trade and Enterprise Riyadh can assist
in obtaining these on behalf of New Zealand exporters. The regulations are often in Arabic but
English summaries are available.
Product liability laws continue to evolve in Saudi Arabia. The onus is put on both the importer and
the supplier to ensure that products meet Saudi standards. SASO sets shelf life standards for
food products. In the case of industrial items, it is advised to check with your importer on what
the regulations are in terms of warranties and guarantees.
Industrial safety is a problem in Saudi Arabia. Liability rests with the employer but there is always
scope for responsibility to be laid at the feet of the manufacturer. If liability to the manufacturer
can be proved, penalties (including jail terms) are severe.
Tariffs and Duties
Import duties levied on most products have dropped from 12 percent to 5 percent on the Cost
and Freight value. Essential foodstuffs, including meat and basic dairy products, are duty free.
Some products that are manufactured in the Kingdom attract import duty at 20 percent on Cost
and Freight value. Import duties generally apply regardless of country of origin.
Depending on the product, New Zealand Trade and Enterprise may be able to provide initial
information on tariffs at an indicative level to assist companies to assess viability of market entry.
There is no personal income tax in Saudi Arabia for either national or expatriate employees. A
law passed in January 2004 cut taxes on corporate profits to 20 percent from 45 percent. It
eliminated the old, graduated tax system that had a separate tax rate for differing levels of profits.
Foreign shareholders in local companies are subject to the tax, whether they reside in the
Kingdom or not.
The Tax Code is as follows.
The tax rate is 20 percent of the tax base of a resident capital company, a non-Saudi
resident who does business in the Kingdom, or a non-resident person who does business in
the Kingdom through a permanent establishment.
The tax rate is 30 percent of the tax base of a taxpayer engaged in natural gas investment
The tax rate is 85 percent of the tax base of a taxpayer engaged in oil production.
Saudi Arabia A net operating loss may be carried forward to the tax year following the year in which the
Country Brief loss is incurred, to be deducted in determining the tax base of future tax years until the
June cumulative loss is fully offset.
Airfreight services into Saudi Arabia are good but ground handling is variable. Many flights go
through Singapore, although there are a number of options including Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong,
Bangkok, and Jakarta. Furthermore, with Emirates flying into New Zealand on a regular basis,
Dubai is another option. Your freight forwarder can offer advice.
All major airports have good facilities, but the very hot climate can be difficult on perishable
items, particularly fresh and chilled product. Transportation and handling rates can be expensive
and it is advisable to check options with freight forwarders in New Zealand. Correct
documentation, certified as necessary, is essential if product is not to be held up during
Regular shipping services are operated into the Arabian Gulf and Red Sea by NYK and P&O
Nedlloyd shipping lines. These services are either direct or transhipped via a port such as
Singapore. Sailing time can vary, but a general rule of thumb is between 30 and 40 days. There
is also the possibility of transhipment in one of several Gulf ports, including Dubai or Sharjah.
Other ports in the region include Khor Fakkaan, Fujeirah and the new container port at Salalah in
southern Oman. Cargo handling facilities vary from port to port. The two main seaports are
Dammam on the East Coast and Jeddah on the West Coast. Both ports are corporatised entities.
Freight handling is contracted out to private companies.
New Zealand Trade and Enterprise has basic information on air and shipping freight options to
this market, but for details on rates and schedules, exporters will be referred to a range of
appropriate service providers.
doing business with Saudi Arabia
Cultural and Business Tips
Business in Saudi Arabia is conducted at a very personal level. Strong and positive personal
relationships are essential to the successful conclusion of business meetings. This is
achieved through lengthy discussions on wide ranging topics on several occasions.
Business visitors should allow time for this in their itineraries and should not attempt to rush
their Saudi contacts into placing orders.
Visitors should not take offence with disruptions to their meetings with Saudi contacts. It is
normal practice for a Saudi businessman to receive or initiate phone calls on matters
unrelated to a meeting he may be conducting and for his staff to walk in and out of his office
and engage him in discussion or have him sign documents.
Business dress for men is a business suit. For more casual functions, a long sleeve shirt and
Country Brief tie will suffice. Lightweight, cotton fabrics are strongly recommended. Shorts should not be
worn in public. For women, modest, loose fitting clothing is a must at all times. Arms must be
June covered to the wrist, legs must be covered to the foot and high necklines should be worn.
While black clothing is not obligatory for female visitors in most areas, the wearing of an
Abaya (long black cape) is strongly recommended when out in public. Strong coloured
clothing or clothing that attracts attention should be avoided. Women visitors are strongly
encouraged to carry a dark coloured head scarf at all times and be prepared to put it on if
approached by the Muttawa (religious police).
Many Arab businessmen smoke. Smoking is generally permitted in public places.
The Holy month of Ramadan is a special period in the Islamic calendar lasting for 30 days
up to Eid Al Fitr (the feast of sacrifice). Business people should avoid scheduling visits
during this time or during the following week, as most offices (particularly in the public
sector) will be on restricted hours.
During Ramadan, visitors to Saudi Arabia and other Gulf States must take care never to eat,
drink or smoke in a public area in sight of any Muslim. Infringement of this law will cause
offence and may incur a very severe penalty.
According to Saudi custom, social events with business contacts will be for men only. It is
common to be offered hospitality by business people that want a relationship with you and
you should consider carefully before turning down such an offer. You should accept the
hospitality of an existing customer, the implication being that this will be returned should they
Saudi hospitality typically takes the form of a substantial meal. Guests may be invited to
arrive at 10pm or later. It is normal but not obligatory for guests to depart immediately after
they have finished the meal.
Expect to have your bags searched on arrival. Penalties for importation of prohibited items
such as alcohol, illegal drugs, pork, non-Islamic religious literature or photographic video
material can be very severe. Interpretations of illegal drugs and pornographic material differ
from those accepted in many other countries. Great care should be taken to avoid items that
may cause offence. DVD’s and CD Rom's in baggage may be removed to “check for
content”, which can cause delays at customs.
It is not permitted to photograph government owned buildings, military or police personnel,
premises or equipment, mosques, or women. Care should be taken that no one gains
suspicion that you are infringing these regulations. Random checks are made of film being
processed that may result in confiscation of the film.
Saudis value their privacy very highly and may react strongly against any invasion or
perceived invasion of this right.
Saudis are fully accustomed to having western people in their midst in public places and will
generally only take notice of offensive dress or behaviour.
Business visitors should acquaint themselves with prayer times. These vary throughout the
Kingdom depending on the location and the day of the week. All shops and banks will close
for about 20 minutes for Prayer Times, which (during the active day) are generally about 12
noon, 3pm, 6pm, and 8pm. Do not be surprised to be locked out of a store or restaurant or
even locked in.
Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter the holy cities of Makkah and Medina.
Country Brief Traffic conditions are demanding and navigation within cities difficult. Use of rental cars is
not recommended for first time visitors to Saudi Arabia or drivers who are not experienced in
2006 driving on the right hand side of the road.
Due to a number of well publicised terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia, personal security has
become an issue in the Kingdom, particularly for western expatriates. If you are planning to travel
to Saudi Arabia, you should take sensible precautions about your safety at all times.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade offers a registration service for New Zealanders visiting
or residing in a foreign country. It is recommended that New Zealanders based in Saudi Arabia
take up the opportunity to register at www.kiwisoverseas.govt.nz. Formal New Zealand
Government travel advisory information is available at www.mfat.govt.nz/travel/index.html.
Access to Saudi Arabia is relatively strict, requiring citizens of all countries outside the GCC to
apply for entry visas. New Zealand residents in New Zealand must apply through the Royal
Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Canberra. There is no Embassy in New Zealand.
All applications must be accompanied by a letter of invitation from a Saudi-based company or
organisation that will be your sponsor. If you have a contact who agrees to provide this letter,
they must register this with their local Chamber of Commerce, who provide a reference number
that is cross-checked in Canberra. You are encouraged to make sure that your sponsoring party
is aware of this procedure, as a letter of invitation that is not registered will not suffice.
If you do not have a sponsor (e.g. for exploratory meetings), it is possible to seek a letter of
invitation through New Zealand Trade and Enterprise in Riyadh. Note that this is on an
application only basis and lead times of at least a month should be allowed to complete
procedures. A fee may apply.
Visitors should carry their visa with them at all times and the business card of the sponsor. Note
that it is generally more difficult to secure visas for female visitors, particularly if unaccompanied
by their husbands or a male relative.
For further information on visa requirements, you should discuss requirements with your travel
agent or contact the Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Address Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia
PO Box 63
Phone +61 2 6282 6999
Fax +61 2 6282 8911
Office Hours Monday to Thursday, 9am to 4pm, Friday 9am to 1pm.
Country Brief Saudi Arabia is nine to ten hours behind New Zealand, depending on New Zealand's daylight
savings (October to March) observance.
to 1 October 2006: nine hours behind
1 October 2006 – 18 March 2007: ten hours behind
18 March 2007 – 7 October 2007: nine hours behind
To find out the current time in Saudi Arabia, go to www.timeanddate.com.
New Zealand Trade and Enterprise
Phone 0800 555 888
New Zealand Trade and Enterprise Saudi Arabia
Address New Zealand Trade and Enterprise
New Zealand Embassy, Diplomatic Quarter
PO Box 94 397
Phone +966 1 488 7988, ext 113
Fax +966 1 488 7620 (New Zealand Trade and Enterprise)
Office Hours Saturday to Wednesday, 8am to 3.30pm.
New Zealand Embassy Riyadh
Ambassador HE Mr Jim Howell
Address New Zealand Embassy
PO Box 94 397
Phone +966 1 488 7988
Fax +966 1 488 7911
Office Hours Saturday to Wednesday, 8am to 4pm.
The New Zealand Embassy in Riyadh is also accredited to Bahrain, Egypt, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar
and the United Arab Emirates.
Organisation Web address
Ministry of Culture & Information www.saudinif.com
Ministry of Economy & Planning www.planning.gov.sa
Saudi Arabia General Investment Authority www.sagia.gov.sa
Council of Saudi Chambers www.saudichambers.org.sa
Saudi Press Agency www.spa.gov.sa
Information portal for Saudi Arabia www.alnokhba.com
Saudi Arabia business and news www.saudia-online.com
Middle East business resource www.ameinfo.com
Saudi Arabian Airlines www.saudiairlines.com
Ministry of Hajj www.hajinformation.com
Currency Converter www.oanda.com
While New Zealand Trade and Enterprise has verified the information in this
document, we make no representation as to the completeness, correctness,
currency, accuracy or fitness for any purpose of the information. New Zealand
Trade and Enterprise will not be responsible for any damage or loss suffered by
any person arising from the information contained in this document, whether that
damage or loss arises from negligence or otherwise.