Association of Fundraising Professionals AFP Congress 2003

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					Association of Fundraising
      Professionals
   AFP Congress 2003

      Metro Toronto
    Convention Centre
      November 27th, 2003
 Ethics In Advancement:
What You Feel Good After


      Susan Bloch-Nevitte
    Director, Public Affairs &
  Advancement Communications
      University of Toronto
     s.bloch.nevitte@utoronto.ca
                 What is Leadership?
       Who are the Greatest Leaders in History
       (Survey of 100 top Canadian Business
                   Leaders - 1997)

                      0%   10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%

          Churchill
            Ghandi
             Jesus
Martin Luther King
               JFK
           Lincoln
Alexander the Great
              FDR
         Napoleon
     Julius Caesar
Characteristics of Great Leaders
                     Leadership Skills
     (Survey of 100 top Canadian Business Leaders - 1997)



  Management
     Skills                         Character
      30%                             40%




    Vision Skills
        30%
              Confidence in Leadership
“As far as people in charge of running [each sector] are concerned, would you say you have
a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them?“

      100

        80

        60

        40

        20

          0
                Great Deal         Only Some           Hardly Any          Not Sure

          Military             White House          Congress            Educ. Inst.
          Major Comp.          Religion             Press               Law Firms
                                                                    HARRIS POLL® January 2002
      Top Ten Ethical Professions
•   Nurses
•   Pharmacists
•   Veterinarians
•   Medical doctors
•   Grade & high school teachers
•   Clergy
•   College teachers
•   Dentists
•   Engineers
•   Police officers              GALLUP® SURVEY 2002
     Ethics – Some Definitions
• A system of values or codes of
  behaviour centred on accepted
  principles of right and wrong.
• Relating to moral action and conduct,
  conforming to professional standards.
• What you feel good after.
    Ethical Principles Checklist

•   Honesty             • Respect for others
•   Integrity           • Responsible
•   Promise-keeping       citizenship
•   Loyalty             • Pursuit of
•   Fairness              excellence
•   Caring for others   • Accountability

                         - The Josephson Institute
           Common Rationalizations
•   "If it's necessary, it's ethical.”
•   "If it's legal and permissible, it's proper."
•   "I was just doing it for you.”
•   "It doesn't hurt anyone."
•   "It can't be wrong because everyone is doing it."
•   "It's okay if I don't gain personally.”
•   "I've got it coming."
•   "I can still be objective."
 Strategy for Ethical Decision-making

1.   Clarify the problem.
2.   Evaluate the available information.
3.   Spot the ethical issues.
4.   Formulate viable alternatives.
5.   Evaluate the costs and benefits.
6.   Decide what to do.
7.   Decide how to do it.
8.   Monitor the consequences and be open to
     change.
 A POST-SEPTEMBER 11 COMMENTARY ON
             MORALITY...
In Britain’s The Guardian, novelist Ian McEwan wrote
  a couple of devastating commentaries. In one he
  concluded that among the terrorists’ crimes was a
               failure of the imagination.
    “If the hijackers had been able to imagine
  themselves in the thoughts and feelings of the
   passengers, they would have been unable to
proceed…Imagining what it is like to be someone
other than yourself is at the core of our humanity.
   It is the essence of compassion and it is the
                beginning of morality.”
            Organizational Checklist
• Clear personal expense policy including signatories
• Gift acceptance and naming policies
• Professional Codes of Ethics - Are all aware of? Do
  they know?
• Are Ethics part of new staff orientation
• Do you ever discuss Ethics as a subject at staff
  meetings? Professional development programs?
• Do people ever ask The question?
• How well do you listen to your staff on these matters?
• Do you communicate your policies to your colleagues
  and clients?
Your Own Code of Ethics



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