Daunia Coal Mine Project by bzs14448

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									Daunia Coal Mine Project
Environmental Impact Statement
Community Overview
           About this document
                               BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA)
                               has produced a draft Environmental Impact Statement
                               (EIS) detailing the baseline environmental studies, potential
                               impacts and management strategies for the Daunia Coal
                               Mine Project. This Community Overview document does
                               not form part of the formal government requirements for
Project Overview          2
                               producing an EIS. It has been prepared to assist readers to
Land Resources            4
                               identify key community impacts of the Daunia Coal Mine
Mineral Waste             5
                               Project. It is not intended to be a complete summary of the
Surface Water Resources   6
                               draft EIS nor does it replace the EIS document. Full details
Groundwater Resources     7    are outlined in the EIS, which can be obtained online
Nature Conservation       9    (www.bmacoal.com) or by contacting BMA on 1800 078 797 or
Aquatic Ecology           10   enquiries@bmacoal.com.
Air Quality               11
Greenhouse Gases and
Climate Change            12
Noise and Vibration       13
Infrastructure and Traffic 15
Non Mineral Waste         16
Cultural Heritage         17
Community Engagement 18
Social                    19
Economy                   20
Health, Safety and Risk 21
Cumulative Impacts        23
Glossary                  25
BHP Billiton Mitsubishi
Alliance (BMA) was formed
in 2001 as a partnership
between BHP Billiton and
Mitsubishi Development
Pty Ltd under which the
two companies share equal
ownership and management
of seven Bowen Basin
coal mines – Blackwater,
Broadmeadow, Goonyella
Riverside, Peak Downs, Saraji,
Norwich Park and Gregory
Crinum as well as the Hay
Point coal export terminal
near Mackay.

In addition, BMA manages
the operations of BHP Mitsui
Coal, which is owned by BHP
Billiton (80 per cent) and
Mitsui and Co (20 per cent).
These operations include the
South Walker Creek Mine
and Poitrel Mine. In total,
BMA has the capacity within
its current mining leases in
the Bowen Basin to produce
approximately 58 million
tonnes per annum (Mt/a) of
coal. BMA employs around
10,000 people (including
contractors) and is the largest
employer in the Central
Queensland region. Currently,
over 4,000 people are
permanently employed
by BMA.

In 2008, BMA announced the
BMA Bowen Basin Coal Growth
Project which involves the
expansion and development
of BMA’s coal mining
operations in the northern
section of the Bowen Basin,
near Moranbah, Queensland.
The Growth Project involves
the production of up to an
additional 21 Mt/a of coal
products through the proposed
development of two new coal
mining operations: the Daunia
Mine and Caval Ridge Mine
(including the expansion of
Peak Downs Mine); and the
expansion of the Goonyella
Riverside Mine. BMA is also
proposing to develop a new,
larger capacity airport to
replace the existing Moranbah
facility and accommodate
the travel requirements of a
larger workforce.
                                 Project Overview

                                                                  BMA proposes to develop a multi seam open cut             •   A conveyor will be constructed to transfer
                                                                  coal mine at the Daunia Mine Lease, approximately             product coal from the CHPP to the train load out
                                                                  25 kilometres east south-east of Moranbah and                 located on the granted Millennium Mining Lease
                                                                  approximately 170 kilometres south-west of Mackay,            (ML 70312).
                                                                  Queensland. The Daunia Coal Mine Project includes         •   Power will be supplied via an overhead
                                                                  a new coal mine and Coal Handling and Processing              66 kilovolt (kV) transmission line from the
                                                                  Plant (CHPP) to produce up to four Mt/a of semi               Millennium switchyard to a proposed Daunia
                                                                  hard coking coal and pulverized coal injection                switchyard. An 11 kV electrical system will
                                                                  (PCI) coal for the export market over a life of               deliver power to the CHPP.
                                                                  approximately 21 years.
                                                                                                                            •   Process waste comprising both coal rejects and
                                                                                                                                tailings will be returned by truck and disposed of
                                                                  The Daunia Coal Mine Project’s high quality, low
                                                                                                                                in the spoil dumps.
                                                                  sulphur, semi hard coking coal and PCI coals are
                                                                  attractive to overseas buyers. The development of         •   Process water will be supplied using a
                                                                  the Daunia Coal Mine Project forms part of BMA’s              combination of reuse from sediment dams
                                                                  growth strategy designed to service the expanding             and the Process Water Dam (existing Poitrel
                                                                  demands of India, China and other international               Mine infrastructure) which is supplied from the
                                                                  metallurgical coal markets.                                   Braeside water pipeline.
                                                                                                                            •   The Project will be accessed via the existing road
                                                                  The Daunia deposit is located immediately to the              into the Millennium and Poitrel Mines off the
                                                                  east of the Norwich Park Branch railway line, to the          Peak Downs Highway and may also be accessed
                                                                  south of the Peak Downs Highway and directly to               via Daunia Road during construction.
                                                                  the east of the existing Poitrel Mine, which is also      •   The rail track to the Red Mountain rail loop will
                                                                  managed by BMA.                                               be upgraded to at least 12 Mt/a capacity.
                                                                                                                            •   The Project will share some services with the
                                                                  The Project will be an open cut coal mine using
                                                                                                                                Poitrel Mine, including: administration areas,
                                                                  an excavator and truck fleet. Mining activities will
                                                                                                                                workshops, stores, explosives magazine,
                                                                  include clearing vegetation, removing overburden
                                                                                                                                communications, sewage treatment, roads, car
                                                                  and spoil, coal mining and progressive rehabilitation.
                                                                                                                                parking and some other minor facilities.
                                                                  Construction is expected to commence in 2009, with
                                                                  first coal in 2010.
                                                                                                                            BMA will contract the mining operation to a
                                                                  The key elements of the Daunia Coal Mine Project          mining contractor and the construction of the CHPP
                                                                  are outlined below.                                       and the pipeline to a construction contractor.

                                                                  •   An open cut coal mine will be constructed on the      The Daunia Coal Mine Project will employ around
                                                                      granted Daunia Mining Lease (ML) (ML 1781)            450 construction employees and about 300
                                                                      generating 5.6 Mt/a of raw coal to produce four       operational employees. BMA will maintain a small
                                                                      Mt/a of product coal for the export market.           management team to manage the contractors. (As
                                                                  •   The product coal will be railed to the Hay Point      the project’s feasibility studies have progressed,
                                                                      and Dalrymple Bay coal terminals for export.          more detail has come to hand regarding workforce
                                                                  •   Out of pit spoil dumps will be created on the         requirements. Given this, the construction and
                                                                      granted Daunia East Mining Lease (ML 70115)           operations workforce numbers are higher than
                                                                      and Daunia Mining Lease (ML 1781). Pits will be       previously anticipated).
                                                                      progressively backfilled once there is sufficient
                                                                      space.                                                An initial capital investment of approximately
                                                                                                                            US$500 million will be required to bring the Daunia
                                                                  •   A mine water management system will be
                                                                                                                            Coal Mine Project to full production. Operational
                                                                      implemented to divert clean water and capture
                                                                                                                            expenditure will be about $124 million per annum
                                                                      and manage mine area runoff and pit water for
Daunia Coal Mine Project 2

                                                                                                                            for the 21 year mine life. The operation will
                                                                                                                            contribute millions of dollars per annum to the
                                                                  •   A new CHPP will be constructed on the granted         State in rail freight and royalties, in addition to
                                                                      Red Mountain Mining Lease (ML 70116).                 direct and indirect employment opportunities and
                                                                  •   Mine haul roads and an overpass across the            associated spending.
                                                                      Norwich Park Branch railway line will connect
                                                                      mining areas to the new CHPP.

                             Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 3
                             66kV Transmission Line

 Millennium Mine Area

                                        Millennium CHPP
  Process Water Dam

            Proposed Daunia CHPP
              and Infrastructure

                   Poitrel Mine Area

                                                 Olive Downs Homestead
                                                                                                                                                          Daunia Coal Mine Project 3

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 3 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                          Land Resources
                                                                      Proposed Soil Dump

                             KEY INFORMATION
                             • The Daunia Mine Coal               This section outlines how the land is currently
                               Project site does not lie in       used at the Daunia Coal Mine Project site, how rehabilitation
                               the vicinity of any areas
                               of national heritage,              will occur and future land uses. It also considers how the
                               Ramsar wetlands or near            Project will look from the surrounding area and appropriate
                               any Commonwealth,
                               State or Local parks or            mitigation measures to reduce adverse visual impacts.
                                                                                                      Anticipated view towards the Project site from the Olive Downs residence at year 21.
                             • The majority of the
                               Project site has been              How is the land currently used?                           What will be the visual impact?
                               cleared for improved
                                                                  Land within the Daunia Coal Mine Project site has         The visual characteristics of the Project will change
                               pasture and is used for
                                                                  been used for beef cattle grazing for many years and      continually over its 21 year life. Initial changes
                               grazing. Overall the land
                                                                  has an extensive cover of Buffel Grass. There is no       will include clearing vegetation and, as mining
                               is in good condition.
                                                                  evidence of past cropping attempts due to unsuitable      progresses, the land will be altered through the
                                                                  soil characteristics and unreliable rainfall.             placement of out of pit dumps and the sequential
                             • The land within the
                                                                                                                            excavation and partial backfilling of the pit. The out
                               Project site was classified
                                                                  How will land be rehabilitated after mining?              of pit spoil dumps will be the most visible aspect of
                               according to guidelines
                                                                  Key rehabilitation outcomes are aimed at ensuring         the Project. The final landform will be rehabilitated,
                               for Good Quality
                                                                  beneficial post-mining use, stable landforms and           returning the land to either bushland or grazing
                               Agricultural Land. It
                                                                  preservation of downstream water quality. A progressive   land. The out of pit spoil dumps will appear as
                                                                  rehabilitation program will be implemented throughout     revegetated hills and rises after mining is complete.
                             - Class A: 480 ha moderate
                               limitations to cropping.           the Daunia Coal Mine Project.
                             - Class B: 200 ha with
                                                                                                                            What will be the visual impact
                               severe limitations to              How will the Project site be                              from roadways?
                               cropping.                          decommissioned?                                           The Daunia Coal Mine Project is unlikely to have a
                             - Class C: 2670 ha suitable          Decommissioning and final rehabilitation of the            significant visual impact on the Peak Downs Highway
                               for improved or high               Project site will be staged over several years. Upon      given the limited views, the speed of traffic and the
                               quality native pastures.           completion, the mine roads will be left for use           amount of roadside vegetation. It will not be visible
                                                                  as farm roads, or rehabilitated. Water dams will          from Daunia Road. The railway access road beside
                             • Grazing trials at other            remain if required by the subsequent landowner and        the Peak Downs Railway is very close to the Project
                               BMA sites found                    approved by regulators, or they will be emptied and       and most aspects will be visible from this road.
                               rehabilitated land could           rehabilitated. Built areas such as the CHPP, buildings
                               sustain a stocking rate of         and workshops will be demolished and the areas            What will be the visual impact of lighting?
                               2.2 ha per head livestock.         covered with topsoil and returned to, at least, the       Lighting at the Daunia Coal Mine Project is expected
                                                                  previous grazing capability.                              to create a glow in the night sky which may be
                             • Seven neighbouring                                                                           visible from a number of residences close to the
                               properties within a 15             What will be the post-mining land use?                    Project and at elevated positions along the Peak
                               kilometre radius of the            The proposed post-mine land use for disturbed areas       Downs Highway.
                               Daunia Coal Mine Project           within the Project site is a mixture of self sustaining
                               were considered sensitive          vegetation communities and grazing land. Trials at        How will impacts be minimised?
                               receivers. Landholders             other BMA sites have demonstrated that a viable           Existing vegetation will be kept where possible and
                               from these properties              return to grazing on rehabilitated areas is feasible.     disturbed areas will be progressively rehabilitated.
                               have been consulted.               Slope gradients are a limiting factor for successful      Night lighting is required for safety and security,
                                                                  grazing so final grades of ten per cent or less are        but BMA will engineer lights in required areas to
                             • Of the seven, only one             proposed for the spoil dumps at the Project site to       limit light spill where possible. BMA will continue
                               residence (Olive Downs)                                                                      to consult with near neighbours about appropriate
Daunia Coal Mine Project 4

                                                                  support a return to productive grazing.
                               will be able to see the                                                                      mitigation measures.
                               out of pit spoil dumps
                                                                  What is the status of the landscape now?
                               on the southern end
                               of the mine. These                 Using accepted landscape quality standards, the
                               spoil dumps will not be            landscape around the Daunia Coal Mine Project is
                               constructed until years            classified as ‘medium visual quality’. This means all
                               10-20 (approximately               landscape elements in the region – including landform,
                               2020-2030).                        land cover, water and features – are fairly common and
                                                                  are not unusual or distinctive in character.

                             Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 4
                                                                                     Mineral Waste

This section provides a chemical                                                                                       KEY INFORMATION
                                                                                                                       • 199 samples of
assessment of the overburden and coal interburden,                                                                       overburden and
                                                                                                                         interburden material
known as ‘spoil’, to determine the potential for acid                                                                    from 20 drill holes across
mine drainage, levels of trace metals and the feasibility                                                                the site were collected
                                                                                                                         and analysed.
of using spoil material for site rehabilitation.
                                                                                                                       • Nearly 70 per cent of the
                                                                                                                         samples analysed had
                                                                                                                         a total sulphur content
What are the characteristics of the                                                                                      of 0.03 per cent or less
                                                                                                                         and are considered a
spoil material?
                                                                                                                         negligible risk for acid
The spoil associated with the Daunia Coal Mine
Project consists of clays, sands, mixed sandstone
and siltstone.
                                                                                                                       • The remaining samples
                                                                                                                         showed that while
What is the potential for acid                                                                                           interburden material
mine drainage?                                                                                                           generally had a higher
Mining coal and removing overburden and                                                                                  total sulphur content than
interburden can result in sulphides being exposed to                                                                     overburden, the reject
air and water, generating acid. Seepage and runoff                                                                       material should have a
from these areas can be acidic and contain higher                                                                        low risk of producing acid
than normal metal and sulphate concentrations. This                                                                      mine drainage.
is known as acid mine drainage. Analysis of samples
from the Daunia Coal Mine Project area showed                                                                          • Only two of the 199
there is low risk of acid mine drainage (see Key                                                                         samples were found to
Information column for details).                                                                                         have a net acid producing
How will spoil material be managed?
Dewatered coal rejects and tailings will be disposed                                                                   • Analysis also suggests
of as solid materials in the spoil dumps. While the                                                                      that the acid mine
overall indication is that little to no acid generation                                                                  drainage from coal
will occur, BMA is committed to a regular testing                                                                        tailings will be
regime for these materials. Spoil found to have the                                                                      manageable by providing
potential to generate acid should be isolated and/or                                                                     at least five metres of
mixed with spoil that can neutralise acid levels.                                                                        soil cover over coal reject
                                                                                                                         and tailings material.
Is the spoil suitable for site rehabilitation?                                                                           Sampling of this material
The material tested is likely to be suitable for                                                                         will be carried out by
revegetation. However, during studies the material was                                                                   BMA on a regular basis.
found to have relatively high levels of sodicity. Highly
sodic (sodium rich) soils have a tendency to become
more compact and form hard layers, and can interfere
with the growth of plants. It may be necessary to treat
final spoil dumps to ensure that this does not negatively
impact revegetation. Erosion and sediment controls will
therefore be an important management tool.
                                                                                                                                                          Daunia Coal Mine Project 5

                       BMA’s Goonyella Riverside Mine.

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 5 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                  Surface Water Resources

                             KEY INFORMATION
                             • The mining areas account             This section outlines the existing surface
                               for only 0.1 per cent of             water resources and surface water quality at the
                               the entire Isaac River
                               catchment area.                      Daunia Coal Mine Project site, the potential impact
                                                                    on these resources and BMA’s plans to manage water
                             • Water extraction licences
                               within the vicinity of the           resources during construction and operations.
                               Daunia Coal Mine Project
                               will not be impacted.

                             • Under the controlled release         What is the existing surface water                           Is there enough water for
                               strategy, the measured               environment?                                                 operational demands?
                               water quality at the release
                                                                    The mining areas are drained by two unnamed drainage         A water balance model was used to predict the
                               point has a pH of 6.5 – 9
                                                                    paths. These drainage paths are ephemeral (rarely flow)       reliability of water demand and the adequacy of site
                               and EC <2500 μS/cm (see              and when they do, they drain to the Isaac River. The         water storage to manage extreme rainfall events. The
                               Glossary). Water will only           infrastructure area is drained by New Chum Creek which       model found that Daunia Coal Mine Project operations
                               be released during times             passes through the Poitrel Mine before discharging into      have sufficient water supply primarily from water
                               of natural flow in the Isaac          the Isaac River. The Isaac River, an ephemeral water         captured on site and supplemented by raw water piped
                               River and New Chum Creek.            course, is the only significant waterway within the           to site from BMA allocations. It also found water from
                               This strategy will minimise          vicinity of the Daunia Coal Mine Project.                    a major rainfall event would be easily contained within
                               impacts downstream.
                                                                                                                                 pit storage.
                                                                    What is the impact of flooding on
                             • No creek diversions are
                                                                    the Daunia Coal Mine Project?                                What is the quality of the water in the
                                                                    Flooding within the Project site is not expected to be       existing waterways?
                                                                    significant and is limited to the southern section of the     The waterways located on site are ephemeral and
                                                                    site. This flooding would be due to the limited capacity      therefore water quality is constantly changing. Water
                                                                    of the drainage paths on site rather than flooding from       monitoring activities were undertaken in April 2008,
                                                                    the Isaac River. The proposed light vehicle road crossing    following two significant flood events. The assessment
                                                                    of New Chum Creek on the Poitrel Mining Lease will           found that turbidity, pH and conductivity (see Glossary)
                                                                    increase flood levels over a short distance upstream.         were all higher than guidelines. However, these
                                                                                                                                 guidelines were not specifically developed for use in
                                                                    How will water be managed on site?                           ephemeral environments.
                                                                    Water will be managed at the Daunia Coal Mine Project
                                                                    using the following principles:                              How will the Project impact
                                                                    • Runoff from undisturbed areas will be diverted             surface water resources?
                                                                        away from disturbed areas by diversion drains to         During construction, the clearing of vegetation and
                                                                        the Isaac River;                                         handling and storage of fuels and chemicals have the
                                                                    • Runoff from undisturbed areas near the infrastructure      most potential to impact waterways. During operations,
                                                                        area will be diverted into New Chum Creek;               runoff from the site, the operation and management
                                                                    • Runoff from disturbed areas will be captured in            of dangerous goods and hazardous chemicals, and
                                                                        sediment dams and used for dust suppression or           the storage and handling of fuels have the potential to
                                                                        process water in the CHPP; and                           impact waterways.
                                                                    • Water will be transferred between the Mine and
                                                                        CHPP to optimise site water use.                         How will these potential impacts
                                                                                                                                 be managed?
                                                                                                                                 A Mine Water Management Plan will be developed
                                                                    How much water will be discharged                            to protect waterways from mine activities. This
Daunia Coal Mine Project 6

                                                                    into the environment?                                        may include the development of sediment dams,
                                                                    There is little risk of water from the Daunia Coal Mine      environmental dams and pit water storage. Strict
                                                                    Project entering the Isaac River, except in an emergency     controls will be implemented for managing bunded fuel
                                                                    or when the volume of rain exceeds the design                tanks, dangerous goods containers, hazardous chemicals
                                                                    criteria of the sediment dams. The sediment dams are         and workshop waste and spill recovery. A water quality
                                                                    designed to capture rainfall from a one in ten year storm    monitoring program will be developed to ensure
                                                                    event that lasts 24 hours. Under these circumstances,        the Mine Water Management Plan is effective and
                                                                    controlled discharges would result in insignificant           downstream water quality is not significantly impacted.
                                                                    changes in water quality as there would be significant
                                                                                                                              Water quality monitoring (pictured here at BMA’s Norwich Park
                                                                    flood flows in the Isaac River.
                                                                                                                                   Mine) will be undertaken at the Daunia Coal Mine Project.

                               Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 6
                                                              Groundwater Resources

                                             This section outlines                                                     KEY INFORMATION
                                                                                                                       • Groundwater drawdown
                                             the existing groundwater resources                                          on the regional aquifer of
                                                                                                                         up to two metres extends
                                             at the Daunia Coal Mine Project, the                                        beyond the Project site
                                             potential impact of the development                                         out to a distance of
                                                                                                                         between two and nine
                                             on these resources and BMA’s plans to                                       kilometres. Groundwater
                                             effectively manage water resources.                                         drawdown impacts of
                                                                                                                         less than two metres
                                                                                                                         will not significantly
                                              How was the groundwater resource assessed?                                 affect the groundwater
                                              Groundwater resources were assessed through geological                     environment as this
                                              and hydrogeological studies undertaken around the Project                  is well within the
                                              site. The most recent were undertaken in 2004 in connection                seasonal fluctuation of
                                              with the Poitrel Mine. No site-specific investigations were                 water levels in regional
                                              undertaken on the Daunia Coal Mine Project site, however a                 aquifers.
                                              groundwater monitoring program will be established in 2009.
                                              The monitoring program will improve BMA’s understanding of               • The drawdown on
                                              the area’s groundwater resources, allow for early warning of               the alluvial aquifer
                                              groundwater impacts and improve the accuracy of the model                  is predicted to range
                                              to predict future impacts on surrounding groundwater users.                between zero and
                                                                                                                         9.5 metres with a
                                                                                                                         representative estimate
                                              What are the existing groundwater resources?
                                                                                                                         of three metre drawdown
                                              There are two aquifers (underground water resources) present               at a distance of one
                                              below the site that could be affected by the Daunia Coal Mine              kilometre west of the
                                              Project. They include a shallow, alluvial aquifer generally less           Project site.
                                              than 20 metres thick, which is in the southern area of the
                                              Daunia site. This aquifer is derived from floodplain sediments            • Water levels within the
                                              of the Isaac River and is unconfined (see Glossary), with a                 final void (after mining)
                                              groundwater salinity that is marginal to brackish (between                 will reach 90 per cent of
                                              1,500 and 3,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids or TDS).                       their final recovery level
                                                                                                                         50 years after mining.
                                              Underneath the alluvial aquifer are the Rewan Group and
                                              Rangal Coal Measures, which are mostly fractured rocks                   • The endangered Brigalow
                                              that have a low groundwater yield. These fractured rocks                   woodland found within
                                              are considered a barrier to the flow of water, rather than an               the Project site is
                                              aquifer. However, there are two coal seams that lie within                 not considered to be
                                              the Rangal Coal Measures which have a relatively high                      groundwater dependent,
                                              permeability (easily penetrated by water) and groundwater                  and therefore predicted
                                              yield. The two coal seam aquifers are confined by the                       drawdown from the
                                              surrounding fractured rock and have a groundwater salinity of              Daunia Coal Mine Project
                                              between 1,000 to 10,000 mg/L TDS.                                          will not affect this
                                                                                                                         vegetation community.
                                                                                                                                                          Daunia Coal Mine Project 7

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 7 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                 Groundwater Resources (cont.)

                             • Riparian vegetation                What are the potential impacts of the                     How will other groundwater users be
                               along the Isaac River              mine on groundwater?                                      impacted?
                               may be affected by                 The Daunia Coal Mine Project will operate adjacent        The groundwater modelling predicted four existing
                               drawdown in the alluvial           to the existing Poitrel (BMA) and Millennium              bores (three of which are active) on surrounding
                               aquifer during years               (Peabody) coal mines and thus the potential for           properties will experience a drawdown of more than
                               15 to 20 when mining               cumulative impacts to groundwater has been                two metres. The extent of drawdown depends on
                               extends southwards and             considered.                                               the aquifer properties, which are not fully defined at
                               intersects the alluvial                                                                      present, and will be re-assessed as site monitoring
                               aquifer. Groundwater               The three mines are expected to excavate                  data becomes available. The drawdown in
                               monitoring will provide            through the underlying aquifers which will cause          surrounding property’s bores may result in additional
                               an early indication of any         groundwater to seep into the mine pits and a              costs such as increased pumping costs, new pumps,
                               impact.                            consequent lowering, or drawdown, of groundwater          or deeper or relocated bores.
                                                                  levels in the surrounding aquifers. Groundwater
                             • In the long term, the              quality is not expected to be impacted by the             How will these impacts be minimised?
                               three mines are predicted          Daunia Coal Mine Project. Geochemical analysis has        BMA will seek to reach mutually agreeable
                               to have a minimal                  indicated a low risk of acid mine drainage, and all       arrangements with affected groundwater users to
                               residual drawdown effect           fuels and chemicals will be appropriately managed         provide alternative supplies throughout mine life and
                               or change to the existing          to prevent spills and leaks. Groundwater quality will     after closure. Regular groundwater level monitoring
                               regional groundwater               be monitored.                                             will enable groundwater drawdowns to be identified
                               flow direction, with no
                                                                                                                            prior to any impacts experienced in surrounding
                               changes to the yield or
                                                                  What is the potential impact on                           landholder bores or to riparian vegetation.
                               quality of groundwater
                                                                  groundwater levels?                                       If riparian vegetation is predicted to be significantly
                               from neighbouring bores.
                                                                  Groundwater modelling was undertaken to                   at risk from groundwater drawdown, the mine
                                                                  determine the cumulative impact of the Daunia,            footprint may be altered to avoid mining through the
                                                                  Poitrel and Millennium mines on groundwater levels        alluvial aquifer.
                                                                  within the alluvial and coal seam aquifers. The
                                                                  modelling predicted the drawdown would increase           What is the post-mining impact on
                                                                  during operation of the mines and would reach a           groundwater?
                                                                  maximum approximately 25 years after mining ends.         At the end of mining, the void in the southern half
                                                                  At year 20 of the Project, the final year of operation,    of the Daunia Coal Mine Project will be backfilled
                                                                  a groundwater drawdown of up to two metres is             and regraded however a final void will remain. It is
                                                                  predicted to extend to a distance of approximately        predicted that groundwater seepage will result in
                                                                  4.5 kilometres east, 10 kilometres west, two              the formation of a small lake within the final void
                                                                  kilometres south and four kilometres north. This          and, due to evaporation, the salinity of the lake will
                                                                  drawdown is for the coal seam aquifers, with the          gradually increase.
                                                                  drawdown in the overlying alluvial aquifer predicted
                                                                  to be less. A drawdown of two metres or less is well      Once mining ends, groundwater levels within the
Daunia Coal Mine Project 8

                                                                  within natural fluctuations in groundwater levels and      aquifers will gradually recover as an equilibrium
                                                                  should not pose a significant impact.                      is reached between the aquifers and the water
                                                                                                                            levels within the final void. Surface water runoff
                                                                                                                            will be directed into the final void to assist with the
                                                                                                                            groundwater recovery.

                             Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 7
                                                                              Nature Conservation
                                                                                                                            KEY INFORMATION
                                                                                                                            • One Commonwealth-listed
                                                                                                                              threatened fauna species,
                                                                                                                              the Squatter Pigeon
                                                                                                                              (Geophaps scripta),
                                                                                                                              was identified within the
                                                                                                                              vicinity of the Daunia Coal
                                                                                                                              Mine Project site.

                                                                                                                            • Several listed migratory
                                                                                                                              species were identified
                                                                                                                              including the Great Egret
                                                                                                                              (Ardea alba), Cattle Egret
                                                                                                                              (Ardea ibis), Whistling Kite
                                                                                                                              (Haliastur sphenurus)
                                         Environmental studies (pictured here at Goonyella Riverside Mine) assessed the       and the Straw-necked Ibis
                                               ecological significance of vegetation on the Daunia Coal Mine Project site.     (Threskiornis spinicollis).
                                                                                                                              These species are relatively
When were the field surveys conducted?                             What vegetation was found on the site?                      common and the Daunia
Three separate flora and fauna surveys were                        Overall, the vegetation on the Daunia Coal Mine             Coal Mine Project is not
conducted either on, or in the vicinity of, the Daunia            Project site is degraded due to prolonged stress            considered to have a
Coal Mine Project site in 1996, 2004 and 2008.                    through drought, high levels of long term cattle            significant impact on these
                                                                  grazing and extensive invasion by Buffel Grass. A           species.
What species of fauna was found                                   total of seven distinct vegetation types containing
on the site?                                                      remnants or indicators of naturally occurring             • No frogs of conservation
                                                                  vegetation types were recorded. Additionally, large         significance are known
The majority of the Daunia Coal Mine Project site
                                                                  areas containing changed vegetation were also               from the broader study
comprises cleared and modified agricultural land
                                                                  present. Of the seven vegetation types, four are            area or Daunia Coal Mine
with very little natural vegetation cover. These areas
                                                                  classified as ‘endangered’ under the provisions              Project site.
were generally considered of low value to native
animals. A total of 212 native animal species were                of the Federal Environmental Protections and
                                                                  Biodiversity Conservation Act and three under the
                                                                                                   t                        • Seven introduced fauna
recorded from the wider locality (including the
                                                                  Vegetation Management Act and another one is
                                                                                                 t                            species were recorded from
Project site). Species of conservation significance
                                                                  classified as ‘of concern’ under this Act.                   the three surveys including
recorded during field surveys includes two bird
                                                                                                                              one amphibian and six
species, one reptile and one mammal.
                                                                  What are the impacts on flora and fauna?                     mammals. These include
                                                                  Direct impacts will result from clearing vegetation         cane toad; European rabbit;
Fauna of conservation significance                                                                                             cattle; house mouse; feral
                                                                  and fauna habitats to accommodate the mine area
Species          Conservation Status    Survey Period
                                                                  and infrastructure. These impacts are considered to         cat; fox; and feral pig.
                 National1   State2 1996 2004 2008                be minimal as the mine and infrastructure footprint
Squatter Pigeon Vulnerable Vulnerable √     √     √               was designed to avoid areas with high habitat value.      • No rare or threatened flora
(Geophaps scripta)
                                                                  There may be indirect impacts on the presence of            species have been recorded
Collet’s Snake       Not listed   Rare       √                    fauna in these areas as a result of continual and long      from the Project site.
colletti)                                                         term noise, general activity and lighting. This would
                                                                  negatively affect several nocturnal (active at night)     • The impacts of clearing
Little Pied Bat      Not listed   Rare              √                                                                         vegetation and fauna
(Chalinolobus                                                     and diurnal (active during the day) species although
picatus)                                                          it could benefit other animals that can tolerate             habitats are considered to
Black-chinned        Not listed   Rare              √             disturbance, such as kangaroos.                             be minimal as the mine and
Honeyeater                                                                                                                    infrastructure footprint was
(Melithreptis                                                                                                                 designed to avoid areas with
gularis)                                                          How will these impacts be minimised?
                                                                                                                              high habitat value.
1. Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity           Only a very small portion of the mature Brigalow
Conservation Act, 1999                                            woodland will be cleared. Overall vegetation loss         • One listed Threatened
2. Queensland Nature Conservation Wildlife Regulation, 1994       would be minimised by locating the mine footprint           Ecological Community
                                                                  outside of undisturbed vegetation wherever                  – Brigalow (Acacia
The Squatter Pigeon is provided with limited suitable             possible. BMA will implement monitoring programs            harpophylla) was
habitat on the Project site and the Project’s impacts             to assess species listed as threatened, endangered          identified. This Project
                                                                                                                                                             Daunia Coal Mine Project 9

on the species are unlikely to be significant. The                 or of concern. Management programs would also               will not have a significant
population may benefit by the Project’s vegetation                 be implemented to reduce the negative impact of             impact on this community.
restoration works and fox control measures. None of               weed infestations and introduced pest species such
the ‘rare’ species are provided with essential habitat            as the fox. Revegetation and rehabilitation will be       • All four of the regional
on the Daunia Mining Lease. Limited areas of habitat              carried out progressively during the construction and       ecosystems identified
may be disturbed due to infrastructure development                operational phases of the Daunia Coal Mine Project.         on the Daunia Coal
but all measures will be implemented to reduce                                                                                Mine Project site have
unnecessary clearing and to preserve remaining                                                                                conservation significance at
native vegetation.                                                                                                            the State level.

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 8 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                  Aquatic Ecology

                              KEY INFORMATION
                              • The aquatic habitats were            This section identifies the aquatic
                                highly disturbed and could           (water based) ßora and fauna found on the Daunia
                                not be described as natural
                                or near natural.                     Coal Mine Project site, the ecological values of these
                                                                     communities, the potential impact of the development
                              • No threatened species
                                of macrophytes (aquatic              and appropriate mitigation measures.
                                plants) were found on the
                                Project site or neighbouring
                                                                     What aquatic communities were assessed?                       What is the potential impact on aquatic
                              • Four of the 21 species of
                                                                     The Daunia Coal Mine Project site is located two              communities?
                                fish found in the Fitzroy
                                                                     kilometres to the north of the Isaac River which is a         Approximately 15 kilometres of low environmental
                                River catchment were
                                                                     major northern tributary of the Fitzroy River. A field         value, highly disturbed aquatic habitat will be removed
                                found in the Project site and        assessment was conducted in early 2008 following a            over the life of the Daunia Coal Mine Project. The
                                neighbouring areas.                  period of average or higher than average rainfall. Nine       impacts on New Chum Creek from the infrastructure
                                                                     sites were tested covering the potential impacts from         area are limited but may include minor changes in flow
                              • None of the macro                    activities in the mining and infrastructure areas.            conditions from the haul road over New Chum Creek.
                                invertebrate species (eg
                                                                                                                                   The aquatic plants and animals within the Project site
                                insects, snail and worms)
                                                                     What is the current state of aquatic                          are low in diversity and abundance and deemed to
                                recorded had local or
                                                                     communities?                                                  be of low environmental value. The species of both
                                regional significance                                                                               flora and fauna which would be lost due to removal
                                and none were listed                 All sites surveyed in the mining area were highly
                                                                     impacted by land clearing, agricultural practices, invasive   of habitat are found elsewhere in the Isaac River and
                                as endangered, rare or                                                                             Fitzroy River catchment.
                                vulnerable.                          weed species and nearby mining operations. No aquatic
                                                                     habitats surveyed could be described as natural or near
                                                                     natural. Riparian vegetation at all sites in the mining       What are other potential impacts and how
                              • The presence of turtles
                                or platypuses was not
                                                                     area was in generally poor to very poor condition             will they be managed?
                                                                     resulting in significant loss of functional ephemeral          The Daunia Coal Mine Project reduces the Isaac River
                                confirmed at any site due
                                                                     (areas which only flow directly after rainfall) aquatic        catchment by 0.1 per cent by retaining and using the
                                to absence of suitable
                                                                     habitat. The vegetation adjacent to the two sites on          majority of the rainfall falling directly on the site.
                                permanent aquatic habitat.
                                                                     New Chum Creek, within the infrastructure area, was
                                                                     in moderate condition. Most sites were found to lack          A Mine Water Management Plan will be developed to
                                                                     physically complex aquatic habitat.                           ensure the protection of surrounding waterways during
                                                                                                                                   operations. The plan will involve mitigation measures
                                                                                                                                   such as sediment dams, pit water storage, clean
                                                                                                                                   water runoff diversion and a water quality monitoring
                                                                                                                                   program. Control strategies for bunding fuels, oils
                                                                                                                                   and other toxic substances will be implemented and
                                                                                                                                   maintained during operations.
Daunia Coal Mine Project 10

                                Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 9
                                                                                                                 Air Quality

This section
outlines the potential
air emissions generated
by activities at the Daunia
Coal Mine Project.                                                        Air quality monitoring (pictured here at BMA’s
                                                                          Goonyella Riverside Mine) will be ongoing for
                                                                                the life of the Daunia Coal Mine Project.
How is air quality measured?                                    What is the existing air quality?                             KEY INFORMATION
Air quality is the result of a complex interaction of factors   There are a number of existing sources that contribute
that involve the quality of the air and climate conditions      to particulate emissions in the vicinity of the Daunia Coal   • Air quality monitoring
as well as the emissions of a variety of gas or liquid          Mine Project site:                                              predicts that cumulative
pollutants from natural sources or human activity. An           • Nearby coal mines (Poitrel, Millennium,                       concentrations of PM10
important aspect of air quality is the presence of dust.            Carborough Downs and Moorvale);                             on the nearest sensitive
                                                                                                                                receivers will be below
                                                                •   Dust generated by agricultural activities;
Dust is called particulate matter (PM). Scientists use                                                                          the ambient air quality
micrometers to measure the diameter of dust particles.          •   Smoke from bushfires and controlled burns; and               goal established by the
A micrometre (μg) is one millionth of a metre. Dust is          •   Motor vehicle emissions from roads.                         Queensland Environment
classified by particulate size:                                                                                                  Protection (Air) Policy
• Total Suspended Particulate: TSP matter refers                Air quality monitoring was undertaken at a number               1997 for both the 24 hour
     to the total of all particles suspended in the air.        of sensitive receiver locations (houses and buildings)          average (150 μg/m3) and
     The largest of these particulates is barely half the       within a 10 kilometre radius of the site to determine           annual average 50 μg/m3
     width of a human hair.                                     background air quality levels. Monitoring showed that           (annual average).
•   PM10: particles smaller than 10 μg (0.01mm) in              existing levels of air quality were within recommended
    diameter (smaller than one seventh of a hair                guidelines but background dust deposition rates in            • The average annual total
    width). These are often referred to as coarse               the Bowen Basin are often more than the nuisance                suspended particulate
    particles.                                                  guideline of 120 mg/m2/day (30 day average). For                (TSP) concentrations for the
                                                                this assessment, a background dust deposition rate of           nearest sensitive receivers
•   PM 2.5: Particles smaller than 2.5 μg (0.0025
                                                                145 mg/m2/day was assumed to apply at all nearest               are below the ambient air
    mm). These are a subset of PM10 and are known
                                                                sensitive receivers.                                            quality goal of 90 μg/m3.
    as fine particles. These are mainly produced from
    the combustion process as vehicle exhaust.
                                                                What is the potential impact of the Daunia                    • The Daunia Coal Mine
•   Deposited matter: any dust that falls out of                Coal Mine Project on air quality?                               will make a very small
    suspension in the atmosphere.                                                                                               contribution to dust
                                                                Air quality impacts were modelled using one scenario
                                                                which represented the ‘worst case’ for construction and         deposition rates at ten
Air quality guidelines are specified in the Queensland           operations in terms of rates of overburden removal,             of the nearest sensitive
Environment Protection (Air) Policy 1997 and state that
                                            7                   rates of mining, haul distances and proximity to sensitive      locations.
emissions should not exceed 150 μg/m3 (maximum                  receivers. Air emissions from the Daunia Coal Mine
24 hour average) (see Glossary). The National Environment       Project will occur when material is moved in significant       • In the worst case, dust
Protection Measure (NEPM), while not strictly applicable to     quantities such as drilling and blasting, bulldozing,           deposition at Olive Downs
mining operations, recommends 50 μg/m3 (maximum                 loading trucks, dumping and loading of stockpiles, wind         is expected to exceed 166
24 hour average). The Daunia Coal Mine Project has set its      erosion and wheel generated dust.                               mg/m2/day. However,
Air Quality Goals in line with these guidelines.                                                                                the contribution to this
                                                                How will air emissions be minimised?                            predicted rate by mining
Air Quality Goals for the Project                               A range of dust mitigation measures will be                     activity is less than a
                                                                                                                                                               Daunia Coal Mine Project 11

Air Quality Indicator Aim to achieve  Not to be exceeded        implemented to minimise emissions such as watering              quarter of the existing
                                                                of haul roads and other exposed areas; progressive              background level.
Particles as PM10     50 μg/m3        150 μg/m3 (24 hr
                      (24 hr average) average)                  rehabilitation of areas no longer used for mining, land
                      -               50 μg/m3 (annual          disturbance only undertaken where necessary, speed
                                      average)                  limits enforced on unsealed roads and controlling the
Total Suspended      -                90 μg/m3 (annual          potential for spontaneous combustion of coal material.
Particulates (TSP)                    average)                  All dust complaints will be promptly investigated and
                                                                a register of dust complaints maintained. Ongoing dust
Dust Deposition      120 mg/m2/day -
                                                                monitoring will be undertaken at Olive Downs to detect
                     (30 day average)
                                                                if the mine is generating potential nuisance levels.

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E nv i ro n m e nt a l I m p a c t St ate m e nt S e c t i o n 1 0 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                    Greenhouse Gases and
                                    Climate Change

                              KEY INFORMATION
                              • The annual greenhouse gas            This section outlines the potential
                                emissions for the Project            greenhouse gas and climate change impacts of the Daunia
                                represent 0.03 per cent of
                                Australia’s 2005 greenhouse          Coal Mine Project by estimating the direct and indirect
                                gas emissions and 0.0004             greenhouse gas emissions, identifying mitigation measures
                                per cent of global emissions
                                in 2004.                             to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and undertaking a
                              • Scope 1 and 2 emissions:
                                                                     preliminary climate change risk analysis.
                              - 3,876,252 tCO2-e (tonnes of
                                carbon dioxide equivalent)           What is BMA’s approach to climate change?                  How will BMA reduce its
                                over the life of the mine.
                                                                     BMA acknowledges the risk posed by climate change.         greenhouse gas emissions?
                                                                     BMA’s corporate climate change approach focuses on         BMA will minimise greenhouse gas emissions during
                                                                     the following areas:                                       operation of the Daunia Coal Mine Project by:
                              - Carbon dioxide (CO2) from
                                                                     1. Working collaboratively with government,
                                fuel combustion in mining
                                                                         industry, communities and employees to                 •   Improving efficiency and minimising energy use
                                                                         reduce emissions by, for example, contributing             through mine planning, including minimising
                              - Fugitive methane(CH4) and
                                                                         approximately $130 million over ten years                  haul distances.
                                CO2 emissions from coal
                                                                         to the COAL21 Fund to support research and             •   Considering fuel efficiency of mining equipment
                                seams, product coal and
                                                                         demonstration of low emissions coal utilisation            and haul trucks during procurement.
                              - Direct nitrous oxide (N2O)                                                                      •   Maintaining mining equipment and haul trucks in
                                emissions from explosive             2. Improving the management of energy and                      good working order to maximise equipment fuel
                                detonations                             greenhouse gas emissions from coal production.              efficiency.
                              - Indirect CO2 emissions due              BMA has adopted energy and greenhouse gas
                                                                        intensity reduction targets of 0.3 per cent and         •   Using appropriately sized equipment.
                                to electricity consumption
                                                                        5.6 per cent respectively by 2012. Through its          •   Estimating and reporting annual greenhouse gas
                              • Scope 3 emissions:                      Energy Excellence Program, BMA encourages                   emissions to the relevant regulatory authority, as
                                210,588,064 t CO2-e over                employees to identify and implement initiatives             required.
                                the life of the mine                    to help improve energy efficiency in its                 •   Reviewing annual energy use to identify
                                                                        operations.                                                 potential energy efficiency opportunities on a
                              Includes:                              3. Transparent reporting of BMA’s emissions profile.            regular and ongoing basis.
                              - Transportation and
                                combustion of product coal           How have emissions been estimated?                         How would climate change impact the
                                                                     A preliminary greenhouse gas inventory was prepared        Daunia Coal Mine Project?
                              • The annual Scope 3                   for operation of the Daunia Coal Mine Project to provide
                                emissions are 7.5 Mt CO2-e.                                                                     Changes in local weather patterns resulting from climate
                                                                     an indication of impacts. There are three emissions        change have the potential to affect the operation of the
                                This represents 1.7 per              categories:
                                cent of Australia’s 2006                                                                        Daunia Coal Mine Project. A preliminary climate change
                                                                     Scope 1: Direct emissions from sources within the          risk assessment was undertaken based on a low global
                                greenhouse gas emissions             boundary of the Daunia Coal Mine Project.
                                and 0.020 per cent of global                                                                    warming scenario (0.54°C by 2030) and a high global
                                                                     Scope 2: Indirect emissions from the consumption of        warming scenario (1.24°C by 2030). The potential
                                greenhouse gas emissions.            purchased electricity, steam or heat produced by another   impacts of these scenarios include increased annual
                                                                     organisation.                                              temperatures, increased average sea level, decreased
                              • Coal seam methane                    Scope 3: All other indirect emissions that are a           average rainfall, changed seasonal rainfall, increased
                                accounts for almost half             consequence of an organisation’s activities but are not    evaporation, increased rainfall intensity and increased
                                of BMA’s total greenhouse            from sources controlled by BMA.                            carbon dioxide concentrations. Of these, changes in
                                gas emissions. BMA has
                                                                                                                                rainfall patterns were assessed to have the potential to
Daunia Coal Mine Project 12

                                received expressions of
                                                                                                                                impact on the operation of the Daunia Coal Mine Project
                                interest from gas operators
                                                                                                                                and could be managed through a responsive Mine
                                to assist BMA in trialling coal
                                                                                                                                Water Management Plan.
                                seam methane recovery
                                and utilisation at its South
                                Walker Creek mine as a
                                trial and precursor to gas
                                commercialisation at other
                                BMA sites.

                                Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 1 1
                                                                          Noise and Vibration

This section investigates the noise                                                                                  KEY INFORMATION
                                                                                                                     • Modelling results show
and vibration generated during the construction                                                                        that noise levels during
                                                                                                                       construction are predicted
and operation of the Daunia Coal Mine Project                                                                          to be less than the day time
and the potential impact of that noise and vibration                                                                   criteria at three sensitive
                                                                                                                       receivers, even when
on nearby residents.                                                                                                   accounting for temperature
                                                                                                                       inversion and adverse wind
                                                                                                                     − Olive Downs 20 LeqdB(A)
How is noise measured?                                   four kilometres from residences. Noise from mining          − Daunia Station 25 LeqdB(A)
                                                         operations at the Olive Downs residence is expected         − Mavis Downs 25 LeqdB(A)
Sound pressure is measured in decibels (dB) using a
sound meter. Usually the sound level meter has a filter   to be greatest between years 15 and 20 when mining
that has a frequency response similar to the human       will occur at the southern end of the lease. Noise          • Modelling results indicate
ear. These levels are known as dB(A) or A-weighted       measurements were gathered at the three sensitive             that noise levels during
decibels. On this scale, the range of human hearing is   receiver locations. These measurements were used              operations at the three
about 3 – 140 dB(A).                                     in noise models that accounted for meteorological             sensitive receivers are
                                                         conditions, temperature and wind conditions.                  predicted to be less than 28
                                                         Cumulative noise impacts on these residents were also         LeqdB(A) (night time noise
 Sound      Perception Example                           considered given the close proximity of the Poitrel Mine.     criteria) for most of the
 Level                                                                                                                 modelled scenarios.
                                                         What are the expected noise impacts
 140        Jet engine at 25m                            during operations?                                          • Noise levels at Olive Downs
                                                                                                                       in years 15 to 20 are
 120        Jet takeoff at 100m
                                                         Predicted Operational Noise levels with Adverse               predicted to exceed noise
 110        Rock band                                                                                                  criteria.
                                                         Wind Conditions and Temperature Inversion
 100        Loud car horn                                                            Leq Noise Levels (dB(A))
                                                                                                                     • Vibration levels at all three
 90         Very loud heavy traffic                                      Location    Year    Year    Year    Year       residences are estimated to
 80         Noisy office                                                              1       5       15      20        be within the recommended
 70         Loud busy street                              Noise         Olive        20      21      41      41        5 mm/s.
                                                          Impact from   Downs
 60         Average office                                 Daunia Mine                                                • The impact from additional
                                                                        Daunia       27      24      28      28
 50         Noisy normal conversation                     only                                                         road noise on the three
                                                                                                                       residences is expected to be
 40         Moderate quiet office                                        Mavis        27      24      22      21        negligible.
 30         Quiet conversation                                          Downs

 20         Quiet room                                    Cumulative    Olive        24      27      41      41
                                                          Noise         Downs
 10         Very faint normal breathing                   Impacts       Daunia       27      24      28      28
 0          Threshold of hearing                                        Station
                                                                        Mavis        27      24      22      22
Who will be impacted by noise from the
Daunia Coal Mine Project?
An assessment of the existing noise environment was      Low frequency noise levels were also modelled and
conducted and a number of sensitive receivers were       are expected to exceed recommended levels at Olive
deemed to be most likely affected by noise nuisances     Downs in years 15 to 20 of operations.
                                                                                                                                                       Daunia Coal Mine Project 13

from the Daunia Coal Mine Project. These were:
• Olive Downs Homestead                                  What will be the impact of airblast
• Daunia Station
                                                         and vibration?
• Mavis Downs Homestead
                                                         Data gathered from permanent vibration and airblast
A review of the Daunia and neighbouring Poitrel Mine
                                                         overpressure monitoring stations in the area show
plans show that operations will be closest to Daunia
                                                         that existing levels are well under EPA guideline
Station and Mavis Downs in years one and five of
                                                         levels, except for Olive Downs. Sensitive receivers for
operations. Mining at this time will be located at the
                                                         the Project are at least four kilometres from potential
northern end of the mine area, approximately
                                                         vibration sources. The criteria is 115 dB(linear).

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E nv i ro n m e nt a l I m p a c t St ate m e nt S e c t i o n 1 2 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                       Noise and Vibration (cont.)

                                                                   Noise monitoring assessed the existing noise
                                                                   environment at neighbouring properties.
                                                                                                                             Management of charge masses will help to ensure
                                                                                                                             airblast pressure levels remain under the 115 dB(linear)
                                                                                                                             at Mavis Downs and Daunia Station. Other mitigation
                                                                                                                             measures will need to be taken in year 20 of operations
                                                                                                                             as blasting activity will be about 1.5 kilometres from
                                                                                                                             Olive Downs. Vibration levels at all three residences are
                                                                                                                             estimated to be within the recommended 5 mm/s.

                                                                                                                             How will noise impacts be minimised?
                                                                                                                             Noise levels at Daunia Station and Mavis Downs are
                                                                                                                             predicted to be within the night time criteria of 28
                                                                                                                             dB(A). The following mitigation measures will further
                                                                                                                             reduce noise impacts:
                                                                                                                             • Developing maintenance and operations
                                                                                                                                 procedures to minimise nuisance noise from
                                                                                                                             •   Positioning noisy equipment away from sensitive
                                                                                                                             •   Containing noisy equipment within pits.
                                                                                                                             •   Applying noise mitigation technology on
                                                                                                                                 individual equipment.
                                                                                                                             •   Implementing noise monitoring programs at
                                                                                                                                 sensitive sites.
                                                                                                                             •    Implementing a noise complaints investigation
                                                                                                                             BMA will continue to work with the Olive Downs
                                                                                                                             property owners during the development and operation
                                                                                                                             of the Daunia Coal Mine Project to respond to noise and
                                                                                                                             vibration issues. Additional ‘at receiver’ noise mitigation
                                                                                                                             options may need to be considered.

                                                                                                                             How will vibration and airblast pressure
                                                                                                                             impacts be reduced?
                                                                                                                             Blasting times will be limited to 9am to 5pm, with no
                                                                                                                             blasting to be carried out at night time. A number of
Daunia Coal Mine Project 14

                                                                                                                             technical adjustments can be made to reduce blast size
                                                                                                                             and impact and blasting will be conducted in favourable
                                                                                                                             weather conditions.

                              Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 1 2
                                              Infrastructure and Traffic

This section outlines the existing                                                                                             KEY INFORMATION
                                                                                                                               • The Daunia Coal Mine
infrastructure and road usage within the vicinity of the Daunia                                                                  Project will be accessed via
                                                                                                                                 the Millennium and Poitrel
Coal Mine Project and details the anticipated increase in                                                                        Mines access road which
light vehicles, single unit trucks and semi-trailers on the road                                                                 comes off the Peak Downs
                                                                                                                                 Highway and periodically
network throughout both construction and operations phases.                                                                      via Daunia Road during the
                                                                                                                                 construction phase.
                                                       The Project site will be periodically accessed via Daunia Road.
                                                                                                                               • Approximately 60 oversized
How will regional roads be impacted by                        How will regional roads be impacted                                loads will be transported to
                                                                                                                                 site over the construction
the construction phase?                                       during operations?
                                                                                                                                 period from, predominately,
Construction personnel (peak at 450) will work on a           Operational staff (approximately 300) will work on
                                                                                                                                 Mackay or Brisbane.
one, 11 hour shift operation seven days a week for            a three panel two shift operation. It is expected that
the duration of construction. This workforce would be         approximately half the workforce will commute to and
                                                                                                                               • Approximately 400 train
housed in village accommodation at Coppabella (90 per         from the Project site in light vehicles and half would use
                                                                                                                                 movements per year will
cent) and the remainder in surrounding communities.           shuttle buses provided by BMA. It is estimated that
                                                                                                                                 transport product coal to the
It is expected that approximately 80 per cent of the          81 per cent of light vehicle traffic will travel to the Project
                                                                                                                                 Hay Point and Dalrymple
workforce would travel to and from the Daunia Coal            site from Coppabella and nine per cent from Moranbah.
                                                                                                                                 Bay Coal Terminals.
Mine Project site in charter buses and the remaining          The remaining 10 per cent would travel to the Project site
20 per cent would commute in private light vehicles.          from surrounding districts. In addition, an estimated four
In addition, construction material and supplies will be       visitors per day will travel to the Daunia Coal Mine Project
delivered to site in single unit tricks or semi-trailers      in light vehicles.
throughout the construction period.
                                                              Workshop, catering, office supplies, fuel and spare parts
Estimated Daily Vehicle Trips Generated                       will also be delivered to the Project site in either single
During Project Construction (vehicles per day)                unit trucks or semi-trailers. On this basis, the table below
                                                              outlines additional traffic expected to be generated in
 Generation         Daily Traffic Generation (vpd)
                                                              the operations phase.
 Type               Peak Construction Period
                    Light         Single Unit Articulated
                    Vehicles      Trucks/      Vehicles       Estimated Project Vehicle Trips Generated
                                  Buses                       Per day During Project Operation
 Workforce          106           14           0
                                                               Generation             y                   (vpd)
                                                                                  Daily Traffic Generation ( p )
 Construction       0             8            8
                                                               Type               Light         Single      Articulated
                                                                                  Vehicles      Unit        Vehicles
 Service/Visitors   3           5             0
                                                               Employees and      202           0           0
 Total              109         27            8
Construction is not expected to have any significant            Service Vehicles   0              10           10
                                                               Coal Haulage       0              0            0
impact on local traffic infrastructure. School bus services     Total              202            10           10
will not be affected except for a potential increase in
travel time due to delivery of construction equipment.        The traffic generated by Daunia Coal Mine Project
The Level of Service (LoS) for each section of road           operations is not expected to have a significant impact
studied is unchanged compared to background traffic            on either traffic or road conditions. No mitigation
volumes in the construction phase.                            works or infrastructure movements are expected to
                                                              be required. The LoS is unaffected by the Project in
How will the community be impacted by                         operations phase and therefore a Traffic Management
                                                                                                                                                                 Daunia Coal Mine Project 15

heavy transports on the road network?                         Plan is considered unnecessary.
Construction equipment will be transported to site by
road on standard or over-dimensional loads. Large items       How will coal be transported to the port?
of equipment will be transported on State roads under         Product coal will be railed via the existing Red
permit and under escort if necessary. These transports        Mountain rail loop to ship loading facilities at the
will be scheduled, where possible, outside peak               Hay Point Services Coal Terminal or Dalrymple Bay
traffic periods and school drop-off and pick-up times          Coal Terminal over a distance of approximately 170
and the Isaac Regional Council will be advised of any         kilometres. Additional rail track will be built on the
oversized loads.                                              Red Mountain rail loop to upgrade its capacity to
                                                              accommodate the Project.

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E nv i ro n m e nt a l I m p a c t St ate m e nt S e c t i o n 1 3 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                              Non Mineral Waste

                              KEY INFORMATION
                              Some of the waste generated           This section outlines the types of wastes
                              by the Daunia Coal Mine               that will be generated during the construction and
                              Project will include:
                                                                    operations phase, and how that waste will be managed.
                              • Waste oil, oily waste and
                                waste from oil separator
                                – 20 tonnes per million
                                tonnes of coal.

                              • General wastes (including
                                food, some plastics and              How will waste be managed on site?                        All waste generated on site will be disposed of in
                                paper not suitable for                                                                         accordance with the Environmental Management Plan
                                                                     Waste management strategies have been considered
                                recycling) – 190 tonnes per                                                                    which will include:
                                                                     throughout the concept, planning and design stages
                                annum.                                                                                         • Waste stream separation
                                                                     of the Daunia Coal Mine Project and will continue to
                                                                     be considered through construction and operations.        • Opportunities for waste reduction
                              • Recyclables (including               The strategies include managing the separation of         • Management of waste according to the waste
                                paper, cardboard, plastics           waste during generation, storage and transport                management hierarchy. In order of preference this
                                and glass) – 150 tonnes per          which makes recovery and recycling of waste                   is to avoid, reuse, recycle or responsibly dispose
                                annum.                               products more achievable.                                     of waste as a last resort.
                              • Tyres – 50 per annum.                Wastes such as glass bottles, paper and scrap steel       Waste monitoring and auditing will be undertaken
                                                                     will have a market demand. Other wastes such as           regularly to assess the amount of waste generated
                              • Scrap metal – three tonnes           pallets may be recycled or reused on site. Contractors    against predicted impacts, mitigation measures
                                per annum.                           will also be encouraged to adopt excellent waste          and any environmental impacts. This data will
                                                                     minimisation practices.                                   also help improve waste avoidance, reduction and
                              • Vehicle batteries – 150 per
                                                                    Where possible, waste will be separated and
                                                                                                                               management measures throughout mine construction
                                                                    recycled at the Daunia Coal Mine Project.                  and operations.

                                                                                                                               What types of waste will be generated?
                                                                                                                               During construction, waste types include cleared
                                                                                                                               vegetation and excavation waste which will be reused
                                                                                                                               on revegetated areas or as fill on site. Other expected
                                                                                                                               construction waste products include concrete, metal
                                                                                                                               off cuts and timber pallets. These wastes will be
                                                                                                                               minimised by purchasing only the amount required.

                                                                                                                               During both construction and operations, licenced
                                                                                                                               waste contractors will manage removal of grease traps,
                                                                                                                               waste oil, oily water, oily rags, paints and resins, vehicle
                                                                                                                               batteries and tyres from the site. General waste from
                                                                                                                               workshop and office environments will be disposed of
                                                                                                                               at the Moranbah landfill.

                                                                                                                               How will regulated waste be managed?
                                                                                                                               Regulated waste (eg waste oils) in Queensland is
                                                                                                                               subject to a waste tracking system. The treatment,
                                                                                                                               storage and transport of regulated waste also requires
Daunia Coal Mine Project 16

                                                                                                                               an Environmental Authority under the Environmental
                                                                                                                               Protection Act. Both BMA and contractors dealing with
                                                                                                                               regulated waste will hold the appropriate approvals.

                                                                                                                               Where can I get more information about
                                                                                                                               waste during operations?
                                                                                                                               Details about waste generated from the Daunia
                                                                                                                               Coal Mine Project will be reported and publicly
                                                                                                                               available on the National Pollutant Inventory website

                               Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 1 4
                                                                                      Cultural Heritage

This section outlines the indigenous and                                                                             KEY INFORMATION
                                                                                                                     • Field studies identified a
non-indigenous cultural heritage places and values                                                                     grave site within the project
identiÞed on the Daunia Coal Mine Project site.
                                                                                                                     • 47 stone artefacts were

                                                                                                                     • A Cultural Heritage
                                                                                                                       Management Plan will be
                                                                                                                       developed to ensure cultural
Who assessed the cultural heritage                         How will cultural heritage be protected?                    heritage values of the site
                                                                                                                       are managed in partnership
of the area?                                               BMA is committed to the protection of cultural
                                                                                                                       with BBKY.
A project archaeologist and representatives of the         heritage values.
Barada Barna Kabalbara Yetimarala (BBKY) people,
who hold a registered Native Title claim over the          The grave site is located within an area that will be
Daunia Coal Mine Project site, conducted field surveys      impacted by the mine and associated infrastructure.
to assess the cultural heritage values of the area.        BMA will discuss with any known relative how the
                                                           remains and headstone should be removed. It is
What was found of indigenous                               proposed that the remains be reinterred in a local
cultural significance?                                      cemetery with the headstone.
The field study located 47 stone artefacts of various
                                                           All removable artefacts of significance will be
types and raw materials in disturbed locations,
                                                           removed from within the boundaries of the impact
including artefacts used as scrapers, blades,
                                                           areas. There is a possibility that additional artefacts
hammerstones and grindstones. These tools
                                                           will be identified during this process. Representatives
represent a cross section of tool types and activities
                                                           of the BBKY people will continue to monitor ground
in which people engaged. Despite the visibility                                                                      A broken marble headstone
                                                           exposure and disturbance associated with the
issues and disturbance of areas, there is a marked                                                                   was located on the Daunia Coal
                                                           development and will be called upon to salvage
contrast between the Daunia Coal Mine Project site                                                                   Mine Project site during cultural
                                                           artefacts and ascertain any sites of significance.         heritage surveys.
and the neighbouring Poitrel Mine where in excess
of 16,000 artefacts were salvaged. This suggests that
the Daunia Coal Mine Project site was the setting for
more minor activities.

What culturally significant vegetation
was identified?
Vegetation is recorded as part of cultural heritage
assessments as it is integral to the Aboriginal cultural
landscape. Some were used for medicines, tools and
food while other species had symbolic significance.
Virtually all of the native forests in the Daunia Coal
Mine Project area have been cleared of remnant
examples of species that had documented or
reported traditional uses.

What was found of non-indigenous
cultural significance?
                                                                                                                                                         Daunia Coal Mine Project 17

A broken marble headstone with sandstone base
marking the grave of Christina Sutherland McKenzie
was found in the middle of a paddock. This was
identified during a 1980 survey. As an historic artefact,
the grave is protected under the provisions of the
Queensland Heritage Act 1992 and The Coroner’s
Act 2003. A collection of old metal objects (including a
spur and horse shoe nails) was previously found near
the grave site. However, the surveyors were unable to
locate this site during recent field surveys.

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E nv i ro n m e nt a l I m p a c t St ate m e nt S e c t i o n 1 5 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                              Community Engagement

                              KEY INFORMATION
                              • 760 people attended the              This section outlines BMA’s approach to
                                Mobile Displays on nine              engaging with the community about the Daunia Coal
                                                                     Mine Project and BMA’s overall growth plans.
                              • BMA engaged directly
                                with 7.6 per cent of the
                                Moranbah community.

                              • Two Project Information
                                Newsletters (May and
                                August) were posted                   What was BMA’s approach to community                      How was the general community engaged?
                                to 3,299 addresses in
                                                                      engagement?                                               Key information about the Daunia Coal Mine Project
                                Moranbah and surrounding
                                                                      BMA is currently reviewing its growth options in          and BMA’s overall growth plans was distributed to the
                                                                      the Bowen Basin and has designed a community              broader community through advertising, newsletters,
                                                                      engagement process which considered the                   employee communications, fact sheets and static
                              • 16 advertisements were                                                                          displays. A mobile display unit was deployed at
                                                                      cumulative impacts of all BMA’s current and
                                placed in regional print and                                                                    various locations around the region to provide an
                                                                      proposed operations.
                                radio media in May and                                                                          opportunity for the community to talk to Project team
                                June 2008.                                                                                      members. Feedback forms, a survey, and briefings
                                                                      Who was consulted?
                                                                      BMA engaged with a variety of key stakeholders            were used to capture community concerns. A freecall
                              • 23 feedback forms were                                                                          telephone number and email address for the Project
                                received from community               including elected representatives, government
                                                                      agencies, community and social service providers,         Team were established and widely advertised.
                                members and responses                                                                           Community responses and feedback were recorded
                                recorded in a Community               environmental groups, property owners and the
                                                                      general public. Briefings are held with the Isaac          in a Community Engagement Database and used to
                                Engagement Database.                                                                            inform mine planning and technical studies associated
                                                                      Regional Council on a monthly basis.
                                                                                                                                with the EIS. The data gathered through this process
                              • 68 per cent of community                                                                        informed BMA’s approach to community involvement
                                                                      BMA established a Community Reference Group to
                                responses to a survey                                                                           and social issues management.
                                                                      help understand community views. The Group works
                                indicated they thought the
                                                                      collaboratively with BMA to determine potential
                                community engagement                                                                            What issues or concerns were raised?
                                                                      impacts and mitigation measures and act as a
                                process was effective.                                                                          Overall, the community showed support for the
                                                                      two-way information source for the project team
                                                                      and stakeholders.                                         Daunia Coal Mine Project and BMA’s growth plans.
                                                                                                                                However, the following issues were raised:
                                                                                                                                • Accommodation options and locations;
                                                                                                                                •   Impact of noise, dust and vibration;
                                                                                                                                •   BMA’s contribution to Moranbah’s lifestyle and
                                                                                                                                    community values;
                                                                                                                                •   Where BMA will source employees;
                                                                                                                                •   Employment opportunities;
                                                                                                                                •   Pressures on social services and facilities
                                                                                                                                    including emergency and health services;
                                                                                                                                •   Impacts on local roads;
                                                                                                                                •   EIS timeframes and processes;
                                                                                                                                •   Climate change;
                                                                                                                                •   Impacts on regional ecosystems and water; and
Daunia Coal Mine Project 18

                                                                                                                                • Mine rehabilitation.
                                                                                                                                The importance of mining companies and
                                                                                                                                government working together to address cumulative,
                                                                                                                                social, economic and environmental issues was a
                                                                                                                                key message communicated during the community
                                                                                                                                engagement process.

                                                                                                                                BMA consulted widely with the community
                                                                                                                                about the Daunia Coal Mine Project and
                                                                                                                                overall growth plans.

                                Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 1 6

This section outlines the results of the
Social Impact Assessment (SIA) conducted to establish
the social and socio-economic issues of the region and                                                              A Community Reference Group was
any impacts of the Daunia Coal Mine Project.                                                                        established to provide input to BMA
                                                                                                                    about the impacts of growth plans.

How were social impacts assessed?                        What will be the impact on regional roads?                 KEY INFORMATION
A desktop study of the demographic characteristics       Housing most of the workforce at Coppabella will
of the region was undertaken using statistical data      minimise employee travel and therefore reduce              • 90 per cent of the
from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and       exposure to fatigue. BMA will provide transportation         construction workforce
information from other regional reports. In addition     to minimise employees’ use of personal vehicles.             will be housed at an
to the broader community consultation activities,        Workers may travel considerable distances to their           accommodation village
service providers in the Moranbah area attended a        usual place of residence between their roster periods.       at Coppabella.
workshop and participated in one-to-one meetings
and telephone interviews with Project team               What is the impact on the community                        • 70 per cent of the
members between May and July 2008.                       life of the region?                                          operational workforce
                                                         The Daunia Coal Mine Project is expected to have a           will be housed at an
What were the main issues                                negligible impact upon the social and community              accommodation village
identified by the SIA?                                    life of the region during construction phase.                at Coppabella.
The Daunia Coal Mine Project, in isolation, is           Employees attracted to the Project are expected
unlikely to have a significant impact on local or         to fit the current demographic profile. BMA                  • 30 per cent of the
regional communities. It is not envisaged that the       acknowledges community concern about the trend               operational workforce
mine will create new issues but instead will add         towards accommodation villages. However, use of              is expected to seek
to the issues already faced by these communities.        these villages helps alleviate other pressures such          accommodation in nearby
Specifically, concerns were raised about the impact       as housing and road safety.                                  communities (most likely
on the housing and skills shortages and on regional                                                                   Moranbah).
roads and social values.                                 Who will be employed?
                                                         BMA and contractors would seek to recruit local            • BMA intends to build four
What will be the impact on                               people for the Daunia Coal Mine Project. However,            houses and four units in
accommodation?                                           the low unemployment rate and skills shortage                Moranbah for professional
As the majority of the construction and operational      within the region may mean that a large proportion           BMA staff working on site.
workforces would be housed at an accommodation           of the operational workforce will be sourced from
village at Coppabella, the Daunia Coal Mine Project      outside the local area. BMA acknowledges that hiring       • BMA will undertake to
is not expected to place additional substantial          local people is likely to be at the expense of other         recruit and train people
pressure on the housing market. It is recognised         industries, mines and even internally from BMA.              with a range of skills,
that the cumulative impact on this market                                                                             including people with
from mine expansions in the region is likely to          How will BMA ensure the benefits                              minimal or no previous
be significant. A more collaborative approach             stay local?                                                  experience in mining
between all key stakeholders (local, state and           BMA will establish a process to advise local business        operations. In doing so,
federal government, community housing providers          people of tenders and contract packages available            BMA will reduce the need
and industry) is required to provide a long term         during the construction and operation of the Project.        to hire skilled labour
regional solution to the issue. The development of       Contractors will be encouraged to use local goods            and therefore reduce
the Daunia Coal Mine Project is likely to increase       and services and those tendering for contracts               the potential for local
                                                                                                                                                          Daunia Coal Mine Project 19

demand for short term accommodation and further          would be required to identify the locally sourced            enterprises to experience
reduce the availability of supply for other non-         component of their proposal.                                 skill shortages as a
mining related people (eg tourists).                                                                                  result of the Daunia Coal
                                                                                                                      Mine Project.

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E nv i ro n m e nt a l I m p a c t St ate m e nt S e c t i o n 1 7 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n

                                                                                                      BMA’s operations generate economic benefit for Moranbah and the local region.

                              KEY INFORMATION                        This section outlines the Þndings of an
                              • Construction phase total cost        economic assessment to identify the potential direct and
                                US$500 million.                      indirect economic impacts of the Daunia Coal Mine Project.
                              • Peak construction
                                                                     How were economic impacts measured?                        What are the workforce impacts?
                                employment 450 workers.
                                                                     The input-output methodology was used to estimate          The Daunia Coal Mine Project would have a substantial
                              • Construction expenditure             economic impacts by measuring direct and indirect          impact on the local workforce. The Isaac Regional
                                is expected to support               contributions of output and employment from inputs         Council area is characterised by a tight labour market,
                                approximately 1,711 - 2,267          such as spending, during both construction and             low unemployment rate and a shortage of skilled labour
                                                                     operations. The impacts of the Daunia Coal Mine Project    and therefore the majority of the construction and
                                full time equivalent (FTE)
                                                                     were assessed at a regional level using 1996-97            operational workforces will be sourced from outside
                                jobs in the Mackay region
                                                                     Queensland Regional input-output tables (2004 revision)    the region. The Daunia Coal Mine Project may have
                                and 897 - 1,196 FTE jobs
                                                                     and on a national level using the National Accounts        a positive impact on the local workforce by indirectly
                                outside the region on an
                                                                     Input-Output Multipliers released by the ABS. State        attracting workers to the region, for example, partners
                                annual basis.
                                                                     economy tables were not available.                         of Project employees who seek part time or full time
                                                                                                                                work. BMA has committed to work with government,
                              • The estimated value
                                                                     How accurate are these figures?                             education providers and industry to promote various
                                added to all industries
                                                                     The input-output framework provides an indication of       programs to address the skills shortage in the local
                                in the Mackay Region                                                                            region. These programs aim to raise awareness of
                                during construction is               the economic impact of projects. It should also be noted
                                                                     that there is a general bias observed with this method     mining-related careers, ensure the accessibility of
                                $117 - $146 million.                                                                            training and education and improve skills retention
                                                                     to overstate the benefits of a project and there are
                                                                     other limitations because these models do not take into    within BMA.
                              • Anticipated annual
                                operational costs are                account economies of scale, unused capacity, labour
                                                                     supply constraints or technological change. For this       What are the longer term
                                $200 - $250 million.
                                                                     reason, range estimates are provided.                      economic implications?
                              • Operational workforce of                                                                        The economic base of the Isaac Regional Council
                                around 300 will comprise             What are the impacts on the local economy?                 is becoming less diversified with a move towards
                                250 operators and fitter              A study by Central Queensland University found that        mining. This will intensify in the near future with a
                                contractors, 25 CHPP                 residents of Nebo spend approximately 15 per cent          number of new coal mines and expansions proposed
                                personnel and 12 BMA                 of their income in the town. Based on this, the 10 per     for the region. As a result, the region is susceptible to
                                                                     cent of construction workers who relocate to the region    fluctuations in commodity prices, industry rationalisation,
                                personnel for management,
                                                                     are likely to contribute $313,560 to the local economy.    cost reduction measures and changes to employment
                                health and safety and
                                                                     During operations, the 30 per cent of employees            policies and work practices. The increased profitability
                                environmental roles.
                                                                     expected to relocate to the area would contribute          of local businesses due to Daunia Coal Mine Project
                                                                     $580,000 annually. Specific figures for Moranbah are         expenditure, and that of its employees, may prompt
                              • The estimated value
                                                                     not available but given the larger range of shops and      business expansion and attract new businesses to the
                                added to all industries in
                                                                     services, it can be assumed the proportion would be        region, however, Isaac Regional Council faces the issue
                                the Mackay region is
                                                                     higher and therefore these figures are under-estimated.     of the viability of these non-mining businesses beyond
                                $56 – $70 million annually.
                                                                                                                                the life of mining. BMA is supporting Council to address
Daunia Coal Mine Project 20

                                                                     Project contractors are also expected to use locally       this by funding an Economic Development Manager,
                              • The operation of the Daunia                                                                     constructing (in partnership) the Burdekin water
                                                                     supplied goods and services which will have an
                                Coal Mine Project would                                                                         pipeline, establishing the BMA Community Partnerships
                                                                     additional economic impact. The increased economic
                                generate an additional 339                                                                      Program and providing approximately $16 million
                                                                     activity generated by spending in local businesses
                                – 456 jobs in the Mackay                                                                        annually to the Council in the form of rates, subsidies,
                                                                     by Daunia Coal Mine Project employees, families
                                Region and 313 – 418 jobs                                                                       special levies and allocations.
                                                                     and contractors is expected to create additional jobs.
                                                                     However, the ability for employers to attract new
                                                                     employees to the region is likely to be hindered by the
                                                                     lack of available housing.

                                                                     For the purposes of this economic assessment, an exchange rate of 0.80 A$/US$ has been assumed.

                               Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 1 8
                                       Health, Safety and Risk

This section assesses the health and safety                                                                         KEY INFORMATION
                                                                                                                    • BMA will implement
issues associated with the Daunia Coal Mine Project                                                                   the BHP Billiton Health,
                                                                                                                      Safety, Environment and
during construction and operations. The health and safety                                                             Community Management
of employees and the public are assessed and hazards                                                                  Standards currently in
                                                                                                                      use at all BMA operations
analysed to identify any signiÞcant residual risks to                                                                 which provide the basis
human health, safety or natural ecosystems.                                                                           for effective management
                                                                                                                      of employee and public
                                                                                                                      health and safety.
What is the risk from dangerous goods and               What did the risk assessment cover?
                                                                                                                    • Risks from highwall rock
hazardous substances on site?                           The Pre Hazard Assessment and Risk Analysis identified
                                                                                                                      fall, contact with high
BMA has an established system of management             the potential environmental, health, and safety
                                                                                                                      voltage electricity and
controls for dangerous goods and hazardous substances   impacts and assessed the severity of consequences
                                                        and probability of occurrence in both the construction        blasting, were assessed as
to manage risks to employees, adjacent land users,
                                                        and operations phases. Most of the potential hazards          High risk, which is common
the general public and the environment. Any impacts
                                                        were assessed as low to moderate risk which could be          at all coal mine sites.
from potential incidents involving dangerous goods
and hazardous substances would be expected to be        controlled by adherence to legislation and BMA’s safety
                                                        standards and procedures.                                   • Monitoring will be
contained within the Daunia Coal Mine Project site.
                                                                                                                      undertaken to assess
                                           BMA will implement the Health, Safety, Environment and Community           whether Project health
                                                Management Standards currently in use at all BMA operations.          and safety measures are
                                                                                                                      being implemented and
                                                                                                                      are effective. Monitoring
                                                                                                                      will involve the collection
                                                                                                                      and assessment of data
                                                                                                                      relating to health and
                                                                                                                      safety issues, such as
                                                                                                                      reported near misses,
                                                                                                                      accident reports and
                                                                                                                      any health surveillance
                                                                                                                      (sickness) data.

                                                                                                                    • The Isaac Regional Council
                                                                                                                      Counter Disaster Plan and
                                                                                                                      the Mines Rescue Service
                                                                                                                      will be considered when
                                                                                                                      preparing the Emergency
                                                                                                                      Response Plan in
                                                                                                                      accordance with the BMA
                                                                                                                      Emergency Management
                                                                                                                      System. Consultation
                                                                                                                      will also occur with the
                                                                                                                      State Emergency Service,
                                                                                                                      Ambulance Service and Fire
                                                                                                                                                      Daunia Coal Mine Project 21

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E nv i ro n m e nt a l I m p a c t St ate m e nt S e c t i o n 1 9 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
                                  Health, Safety and Risk (cont.)

                                                                   What were identified as high risk                          How will BMA control other risks?
                                                                   activities?                                               Emergency response: Designated first aid and
                                                                   The risk profile for the Project is generally Low          emergency rescue facilities and equipment
                                                                   or Moderate with the exception of safety risks            would be available during the construction
                                                                   from highwall rock fall, contact with high voltage        and operation phases of the Daunia Coal Mine
                                                                   electricity and blasting, which were assessed as High     Project. Appropriately trained personnel would be
                                                                   risk. These were assessed as high because there is        available on-site to provide first aid and respond
                                                                   significant energy involved, and control measures          to emergencies. First aid response and provision
                                                                   can only address the probability of the event. These      would be included in the site induction training
                                                                   risks are common to all open cut mining operations        and provided to all staff members. The Daunia
                                                                   and are subject to the controls contained in the Coal     Coal Mine Project would also have a fire brigade
                                                                   Mining Safety and Health Regulations 2001.                approved fire response/fighting system. BMA
                                                                                                                             would also liaise with local State Emergency
                                                                   How will BMA manage these high risk                       Services, the Queensland Ambulance Service
                                                                   activities?                                               and local hospital services when planning for
                                                                                                                             Emergency Response.
                                                                   Highwall Rock Fall: During operations, operators
                                                                   are required to work where rocks could fall from the
                                                                                                                             Health: Potential health issues regarding food
                                                                   highwall. These risks will be controlled by mandatory
                                                                                                                             hygiene, odour, dust, waste, noise, pests and
                                                                   personal protective equipment (PPE) including
                                                                                                                             chemicals were considered and would be controlled
                                                                   steel capped boots and hard hats to protect against
                                                                                                                             through the appropriate training of personnel
                                                                   objects falling from normal heights. Objects falling
                                                                                                                             and adherence to strict management and control
                                                                   from significant height will be controlled through
                                                                                                                             systems. The health risks presented by these issues
                                                                   exclusion zones and the construction of protective
                                                                                                                             are expected to be low.
                                                                   cabins (or Falling Object Protective Structures).
                                                                                                                             Safety: The potential safety issues posed by
                                                                   Contact With High Voltage Electricity: Detailed
                                                                                                                             equipment, vehicles, personnel interaction with
                                                                   standard operating procedures will be implemented
                                                                                                                             machinery, fuel storage, blasting and misfires, high
                                                                   to manage high voltage risks. This risk can be
                                                                                                                             voltage exposure, working at height and falling
                                                                   managed by ensuring the preventative controls are
                                                                                                                             objects, spontaneous combustion at coal stockpiles
                                                                   well implemented and monitored.
                                                                                                                             and transportation, are all managed at other BMA
                                                                                                                             coal mines through the training of personnel and
                                                                   Blasting: The use and handling of explosive
                                                                                                                             strict adherence to management systems and
                                                                   materials/substances will be in compliance with
                                                                                                                             procedures in line with legislative requirements.
                                                                   the Explosives Act. Explosives will not be stored
                                                                   or manufactured on the Project site. Detonators
                                                                   and boosters will be stored on site and will meet
                                                                   legislative requirements. A specialist explosives
Daunia Coal Mine Project 22

                                                                   company will provide the ammonium nitrate,
                                                                   emulsion, detonators and boosters used during
                                                                   blasting operations. The Contractor’s personnel will
                                                                   be licensed and trained in the transport, handling,
                                                                   mixing and use of explosive materials.

                              Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 1 9
                                                                    Cumulative Impacts

This section outlines the cumulative
impacts of the Daunia Coal Mine Project on local and
regional communities and the environment.

What are cumulative impacts?
There are two scales of cumulative impacts of the
Daunia Coal Mine Project – localised and regional.
Localised impacts include the cumulative effects of
operations which are close enough to potentially
cause quantifiable additive effects to issues such
as dust, the generation of noise and vibration and
groundwater drawdown. In this case, localised
impacts are considered from the combined
operations of the Poitrel Mine, Millennium Mine and
Daunia Mine.

Regional cumulative impacts include the Daunia
Coal Mine Project’s contribution to impacts caused
by mining operations throughout the Bowen Basin.
While individual projects may not represent a
substantial impact, the cumulative impact on issues
such as habitat loss, water quality degradation
and socio-economic impacts may be sufficient to
warrant consideration.

What about future impacts?
The impacts of the Daunia Coal Mine Project were
also considered in the context of the BMA Bowen
Basin Coal Growth Project. This Project is the first
of four elements including the Caval Ridge Mine,
Goonyella Riverside Mine Expansion and
Moranbah Airport. These other elements lie at least
20 kilometres to the north of the Daunia Coal
Mine Project and therefore will not have any
localised impact.

What are the cumulative impacts?
Land Resources: The Daunia Coal Mine Project
will result in the loss of approximately 240ha of
Class A and B Good Quality Agricultural Land which
represents approximately 0.02 percent of this land
                                                                                                                                                      Daunia Coal Mine Project 23

within the Isaac Regional Council.

Surface Water Resources: The mining area covers
approximately 2,600 hectares which represents
approximately 0.1 per cent of the total catchment
area of the Isaac River. The Daunia Coal Mine
Project is not expected to have a significant
regional cumulative impact on surface water flows.
Operational water requirements will be minimised
by collecting, managing and reusing water on site.

S e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E nv i ro n m e nt a l I m p a c t St ate m e nt S e c t i o n 2 0 f o r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n
Cumulative Impacts (cont.)

                                                                   Groundwater: Cumulative groundwater impacts               Noise and Vibration: Noise modelling has predicted
                                                                   were assessed through numerical modelling of              that cumulative noise levels at neighbouring
                                                                   the cumumlative water drawdown from the three             properties are expected to be within day and night
                                                                   mines. The groundwater drawdown in the vicinity           time criteria with the exception of Olive Downs
                                                                   of the Daunia Coal Mine Project will be significant in     between years 15 and 20 of the Daunia Coal
                                                                   bores at Olive Downs, Winchester Downs and Daunia         Mine Project. Queensland Rail is responsible for
                                                                   and will continue for around 25 years after mining.       management of rail-related noise and has developed
                                                                                                                             a Code of Practice to guide its operations.
                                                                   Nature Conservation: The Daunia Coal Mine
                                                                   Project will result in the clearing of approximately      Infrastructure and Traffic: The Daunia Coal Mine
                                                                   15 hectares of endangered Brigalow woodland               Project, in isolation, will have minimal impacts on
                                                                   which represents approximately 0.01 per cent of           roads in the area. However, cumulative construction
                                                                   the remaining area of this vegetation community           impacts on roads may be experienced if construction
                                                                   within the Brigalow Belt North Bioregion. The             begins on the Caval Ridge Mine during 2009/2010.
                                                                   Project will not pose a significant threat to habitats     Development of other mines in the vicinity of
                                                                   for threatened species and will not result in habitat     Moranbah will increase operational traffic along the
                                                                   fragmentation.                                            Peak Downs Highway and other major roads in the
                                                                                                                             area which could impact the LoS experienced by
                                                                   Aquatic Ecology: Approximately 15 kilometres of           drivers along these roads.
                                                                   drainage lines will be removed but these represent
                                                                   highly disturbed low value aquatic habitat. The           Social: While the development of the Daunia Coal
                                                                   cumulative effect across the Isaac River catchment is     Mine Project is unlikely to have a significant impact
                                                                   expected to be minimal. Current mining leases only        on the local community, the continued expansion of
                                                                   cover approximately eight per cent of the catchment.      mining in the region could result in significant social
                                                                   However, exploration permits cover two thirds of the      impacts. The Daunia Coal Mine Project is likely to
                                                                   catchment and, if extensively developed, have the         exacerbate existing issues such as housing shortages
                                                                   potential to cause significant cumulative impacts to       and affordability, skill shortages and increased
                                                                   aquatic ecology in the region.                            traffic on the Peak Downs Highway. Coordinated
                                                                                                                             and concerted action by key stakeholders including
                                                                   Air Quality: Increased dust generation may result         government and industry is required to manage
Daunia Coal Mine Project 24

                                                                   from mining operations in the local area and              these issues.
                                                                   increased rail movements in the region. Background
                                                                   air quality data indicates that dust levels in the        Economic: The cumulative economic impacts of
                                                                   region are already above the EPA’s recommended            the Daunia Coal Mine Project include increased
                                                                   guideline. BMA has committed to installing dust           export income, royalties and employment, and the
                                                                   suppression systems at all of its coal mines in the       generation of wealth within Queensland and Australia
                                                                   Bowen Basin, which will include suppression of dust       that significantly benefits the wider community.
                                                                   generated from coal trains.

                              Fo r m o re i n f o r m a t i o n s e e D a u n i a Co a l M i n e P ro j e c t E n v i ro n m e n t a l I m p a c t S t a t e m e n t S e c t i o n 2 0
           Daunia Coal Mine Project 25
Contact details

1800 078 797

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