Targeted Outreach Modules: The USM Chemistry Club Takes Aim at the Maine State Learning Results Trevor Bozeman1, Shaun Cote1, Emily Fitch1, James Ford1, Lucille Benedict1, Caryn Prudente 1 and David Crockett2 1Department of Chemistry, University of Southern Maine, Portland ME 04103 2Chemistry, Poland High School, Poland ME 04272 Packaging Abstract The Chemistry Club offers a great The chemistry club at the University of deal of flexibility. Shows can be Southern Maine has developed short performed at USM (often combined sequences of demonstrations and with a planetarium show) or on narratives targeted at specific learning location at a participating school. outcomes of the Maine State Learning We usually do generic shows Results. These 5-15 minute modules are targeted to grade level, but are designed to be incorporated into the happy to work with teachers to Chemistry Club’s outreach activities to customize our presentation. Our local elementary and secondary schools. modules (Phases of Matter, Energy, Promotional materials have been crafted Scientific Method...) can be which include a list of learning results combined and modified as needed to addressed by each module, and sample meet specific instructional goals. In evaluation exercises. These materials our promotional materials, each highlight how our shows can integrate module is described in detail, with Dry ice in water generates CO2 Solid CO2 in balloon sublimes Liquid nitrogen poured on air A frozen squash ball is thrown into the science curriculum, and may pictures and typical points of gas and eventually water ice. and inflates balloon. balloon liquefies the air. against the wall and shatters. encourage a new audience to invite us Discuss gas, liquid and solid in Discuss sublimation and PVT Discuss boiling points and Discuss glass transition of discussion. The box to the left shows to share the joys of science. terms of molecular motion behavior of gases intermolecular forces polymers an excerpt from the description accompanying the “Phases of Sample assessment question: Describe how cooling a substance affects the motion of the molecules. What observable Matter” module. We also include a changes accompany this change in molecular motion? Give several examples from today’s show. matrix we have developed which highlights the relevance of our MSLR Matrix demonstrations to the state learning Liquid Nitrogen – Dry Ice – Lycopodium – Exploding Balloons - Hydrogen Can – M & M Combustion – results. A portion of this MSLR About us Use liquid nitrogen to Sublimation is a great A finely ground moss Combustion of A visual representation This demo displays the matrix appears elsewhere on this Demo and Maine State freeze an object and way to demonstrate demonstrates Hydrogen and a of how important amount of energy The University of Southern Maine Learning Result then break it phase changes necessary conditions Hydrogen Oxygen mix oxygen is for complete contained in one M&M poster. Coupled with our growing Chemistry Club performs for combustion shows the potential for combustion to take library of sample assessment tools, hydrogen fuels place demonstrations for students of all Discussion: What is Discussion: What is Discussion: When we Discussion: When we Discussion: When we Discussion: How is the we provide local K-12 educators a ages in Southern Maine. The club Energy – Conservation happening to the relative happening to the relative burn lycopodium we get burn hydrogen we get an burn hydrogen we get a energy from the M&M unique service. of energy and the energy of the object energy of carbon dioxide a large flame, what explosion, what type(s) flame and then an released and how is it was established almost twenty years conversion of energy being broken before and as it undergoes type(s) of energy is this of energy is this and explosion, what type(s) released in our bodies from one form to after freezing it? sublimation? and where is it from? where is the energy of energy is this? when we eat them? ago and is affiliated with the ACS. another stored before we see it? Our outreach program has received Discussion: We see Discussion: The balloon Discussion: How does Discussion: How are the numerous accolades and a wealth of Energy – Compare and energy in the form of explosion creates heat, the heat, light and sound light and sound created Contrast how energy heat, light and sound, light and sound, which from the hydrogen from burning an M&M positive feedback from students and Travels how do each of those energy forms are similar explosion move? How related as forms of forms reach us? and which are different? fast? energy? their teachers. Although open to Discussion: How Discussion: Do you think Discussion: What is Discussion: If hydrogen Discussion: What is donations, we strive to offer our Energy – Discussion of environmentally friendly lycopodium is a good formed when hydrogen is a clean fuel source created when burning an renewable and non- is it to let carbon dioxide fuel source for heating balloons burn? What is why can't we use it in our M&M, how is this services at no cost to under- renewable forms of sublimate? your home or fueling formed when gasoline is homes and cars yet? different from burning privileged schools in the southern energy your car? burned? hydrogen? Maine area. Discussion: When we Discussion: Can you Discussion: Compare the Discussion: We see Discussion: What do we The current faculty advisors are Energy – Relate change the energy of an describe the change in energy released from some of the energy as know about the energy changes in motion of object by cooling it, how molecular motion as the lycopodium as a solid heat and light from the state of the water that is Dr. Lucille Benedict and Dr. Jim particles to the amount do the molecules act dry ice warms? and as a fine powder. explosion, where is the created when we burn Ford. of energy in a system differently? other energy going? hydrogen?
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