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Godson open innovation should be encouraged Science 2010 No. 2 section Policy Interpretation ? Godson has always been considered to be a banner of independent innovation, but when people understand the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Computing Technology (R &amp; D team that is located Godson research institutions) from the MIPS microprocessor architecture enterprise purchased MIPS32 TM and MIPS64TM structure of authority After the public uproar. Godson whether we are signing MIPS innovation? Does that mean &quot;CPU core&quot; failure of independent innovation strategy? International cooperation in science and technology innovation Godson how to play the role? Godson of independent innovation inspiration to us how? Magofuku whole (China Institute of Science Technology Development Strategy Comprehensive Development Research Institute, Research Fellow) R &amp; D and industrial development of Godson Godson is the first independently developed generic computer microprocessors. As we all know, computer systems and microprocessors are the core of all electronic equipment, its design and manufacturing is the symbol of technological power. Because of lack of independent microprocessor design technology, many of the core of China&#39;s information industry mainly relies on imported technology and products, not only technically controlled by others, 而 且 information systems security Ye Naizhiguojia face potential threats. In addition, the microprocessor has a broad market space and the huge market value, China&#39;s information industry as well as for improving the competitiveness of national significance. In 2004, China&#39;s chip import and export trade deficit of 400 billion, chip over the aircraft, petroleum, automobile, to become China&#39;s largest imports. Based on the above circumstances, Chinese Academy of Sciences since 2001 where the computer is developed Godson processor, introduced in 2002 32-bit Godson-1 processor, low power consumption of good, average power 0.5 watts. Godson 2, released in 2005, power consumption is 3 to 5 watts, and based on the introduction of the 90nm Godson 2E (Enhanced) and Godson-2F (improved), performance to &quot;Pentium 4&quot; level. Currently being developed Godson 3 processors for servers and high-performance machine is high performance, low cost, low-power multi-core 65nm CPU chip. Godson processors through the development, the establishment of ICT to meet the self-developed high-performance general-purpose CPU based design platform, and CPU to achieve a number of patents related to design, gather a group of CPU chip design talent. Godson products in applications, set up in Beijing in 2002, BLX IC Design Co., Ltd. Beijing, bear the heavy industrialization, and constantly develop a variety of CPU-based intellectual property products, such as Godson Jingjian computer monitoring equipment Godson, Godson Wang Luo equipment. In order to accelerate the industrialization of Godson, 2005 and Jiang Menglan Group cooperation, established in Section Menglan company, established in 2006 in Kelon dream company, established in 2008, two subjects re-Godson Menglan Technology Co., Ltd.. Government departments at all levels of industrialization Godson give great support. April 28, 2009, Changshu City, Jiangsu Province signed with the Godson-Godson computer purchase 10,000 units for the local primary and secondary education; the Jiangsu provincial government procurement Godson Godson PC 150 000 PC units to support the use of large-scale promotion; in March 2009 the State Council 9 document clearly the central government for the purchase of 150 million computers in central and western education, which the computer belongs to the procurement area Godson. Overall, the Godson&#39;s industrial infancy, the future is still a long way to go. Godson taking the road of open innovation First, from the R &amp; D point of view, is based on the MIPS architecture innovation. Godson R &amp; D is based on the MIPS architecture, and structure of the company has been authorized by MIPS. Accordingly, some people think that innovation Godson not even think that means authorized by MIPS architecture independent property rights &quot;CPU core&quot; strategic failure. This incorrect understanding of the main stem from the MIPS architecture and CPU technology do not understand. MIPS instruction set architecture is actually a decision whether a CPU independent research and development, not what instruction set is used, but in its ability to achieve its instruction set. For example, X86 instruction set, since its inception in 1978, Inter and AMD have been using, but the CPU performance has doubled every year to achieve improvements. Thus, in chip design, the instruction set to achieve a self-developed core. Abandon the existing structure of the original innovation, self-design a new processor architecture, not impossible, Godson would have tried to work in this area. However, the structure of completely original innovation likely to face the current mainstream in the Information System docking problem, is difficult to structure the actual original innovative technology into productivity. Godson architecture in the selection process, X86 and MIPS instruction set, two options exist. X86 market better matched with the hardware and software support is greater. But the X86 is a relatively closed architecture, design based on X86 AMD chips must be Inter and hit the chip design can not achieve self-control, in national defense, personal information, and other potential security risks. The MIPS is an open framework structure, after the market&#39;s long-term test, very mature and advanced. And the MIPS chip companies do not engage in the development, the development of Godson relations will not compete with them. Calculated by the purchase of a license, MIPS&#39;s Jiegou is permanent, and principal is to use the MIPS Jianrong of the brand and the alliance by joining MIPSS compatible sharing intellectual property, Goumai structure of authority on our own after the still Xu Yao 设计 processor core, within our autonomy Ke control mode, the core technology is not controlled by others. Godson of independent innovation is reflected in three aspects: First, Xian You MIPS instruction set, based on technical requirements in accordance with new 了 more than 500 instructions, Bing computing the caching and also made some of the technical 改进; 2 is Shixian The improved chip design technology, improve the operation speed, lower power consumption; 3 is independently designed processor core and with the market-CPU Xing Hao, and can Anzhao own development and Guo Neiwai Qiyehezuo or own production tape, Bu Godson exist in the future development of restricted problem. In addition, out of market considerations, Godson processors, MIPS-compatible way to go and easier to open up the market. Secondly, the aspect of product engineering, and STMicroelectronics to improve engineering and management capabilities. STMicroelectronics is the world&#39;s fifth largest semiconductor company holds a leading position in many markets, is the world&#39;s first specific analog chips and power conversion chip maker, the world&#39;s largest industrial control chip, chip set-top boxes and portable devices and consumer electronics with the MEMS chip suppliers. STMicroelectronics and Godson 2E cooperation in 2004 on the scientific and technological cooperation between China and France within the framework of cooperation, Godson authorized STMicroelectronics foundry and underwriting. September 25, 2006, President Hu Jintao and French President Jacques Chirac signed the Sino-French joint declaration after, and attended the signing ceremony of cooperation agreements involving cooperation in space, nuclear power project development, to buy Airbus planes, multi-core processor development other 14 projects. This marks the country&#39;s foreign cooperation Godson become an important part of the strategy. This Godson development of great practical significance. Godson-2E is the early laboratory products, from the actual market of large gaps still exist. In the process of cooperation with STMicroelectronics, the Godson STMicroelectronics R &amp; D team and the flow of film production sector on the chip design requirements, the need to achieve product performance was repeated communication and exchange, through the design of the continuous adjustments and changes to keep abreast of silicon production engineering requirements and quality management requirements, makes the Godson chip design capability R &amp; D team constantly improve, and ultimately make chip design to meet the product from the laboratory to the scale, mass production required to process and quality management requirements. Therefore, cooperation with STMicroelectronics to improve ICT&#39;s engineering capabilities, design capabilities and quality management capabilities, to make up for the Godson chip production process flow defects and deficiencies may occur. Industrialization and from product point of view, Godson purchase a license (MIPS) is intended to open up market space. Chinese Academy of Sciences calculated with MIPS structure of a permanent license and copyright, the actual cost of less than 500 million sale of a Godson chip each pay 1% of the cost. Godson was authorized MIPS architecture, its main intention is not to design their own CPU, but mainly on industrial and product integration. In industrialization, can Godson products posted &quot;MIPS&quot; Compatibility tab, easily recognized by the mainstream manufacturers, to further the international free software community to support and help. Product integration, can be added to the structure using the MIPS technology alliance will continue to integrate existing software in the Godson. Alternatively, you can try to cooperate with Microsoft, will Microsoft&#39;s software embedded into the Godson. This makes not only ruled out Godson mainstream player in the domestic obstacles to cooperation, solidarity and abroad software design company, also makes the process of Godson future international cooperation in reducing barriers. Therefore, the Godson architecture authorized by MIPS not only help improve the Godson of the industrial environment more conducive to develop markets, to further promote independent innovation strategy Godson provide firm support from the market. Godson Open Innovation and Inspiration of international scientific cooperation Through the development of Godson chips from scratch to achieve the Chinese General, the level of chip design has also been considerable improvement in the current is at a crucial period of industrialization. Godson of international scientific cooperation in the whole course of development has played a crucial role, but also on the growth of other industries and technology provide important experience and inspiration. First, choose the right innovation path to innovation. Innovation is not behind closed doors, the international science and technology cooperation is conducive to reducing the difficulties of independent innovation, detours, reduce costs and speed up the key focus areas of common technological leaps and bounds. Godson R &amp; D process is the path to constantly adjust the course of innovation, from initial attempts to achieve a comprehensive source innovation to the &quot;third path&quot; to learn design concepts and ideas abroad, and finally based on existing technology innovation and development, to achieve China chip design technology breakthrough. Godson of the development process, he explains the development of any technology can not ignore the open, not behind closed doors their practice, must be good cooperation in international scientific and technological development of their own, in the ongoing process of development of international scientific cooperation, the only way to speed up innovation process and reduce the difficulties of independent innovation. On the other hand shows innovation does not mean that all from scratch, based on rational use of existing technology, full use of international resources to identify the appropriate path of independent innovation of China&#39;s development. Second, in cooperation to achieve self-control. Godson CPU and industrial development and environmental goals: on the one hand the technical approach or reach the world advanced level, the national security and economic development of information security; the other hand, the formation of independent information industry, increase the national economic development, new of growth. To achieve this goal requires the actual development process must be to achieve self-control. Therefore, international cooperation in the process of Godson, the architecture selected MIPS open structure, such as in the processor core can be designed according to actual needs and achieve self-control technology; in product engineering, through technology STMicroelectronics and authorize companies to produce computers with Dexxon to Godson PUC as the core, the core technology to achieve self-control; in the implementation of intellectual talent on the introduction of increased endogenous R &amp; D capability, R &amp; D team to achieve self-control. Third, cooperation in innovation in each other to achieve shared interests. Godson as a technical R &amp; D team, quality management, engineering and other non-communist as good. Godson and STMicroelectronics joint production Godson 2E chip, co-production with France Dexxon computer, with red, never the middle software design to co-operate to make their own characteristics and advantages of the process of cooperation is fully in play, to achieve win-win situation. Meanwhile, the Godson also continue to learn the process of cooperation to improve the quality of their management, engineering capabilities. &quot;Without the cooperation of forever, only permanent interests.&quot; MIPS, STMicroelectronics and Dexxon Godson and other enterprises is to see the development prospects of cooperation only with Godson, Godson trying to achieve benefit from future development. The Godson is currently in the early industrial development, through cooperation and exchange, to create the conditions for their own development. Fourth, focus on endogenous technological ability. After development, Godson chip design has made great progress, but also a chip design team. And this team is mainly Chinese Academy of Sciences by its own computer training. Godson R &amp; D team in the growth and maturation, the core idea is that two aspects, one is &quot;red and expert, the red is more important than expertise&quot;; second ability is far more important than the introduction of technology and talent. In the process of personnel training, first pay attention to ideological unity. On the other hand, in the process of building Godson R &amp; D team, mainly through the computer the ability students start their own, rather than directly from the imported talent and skills. Leading experts and scholars with overseas exchanges and cooperation, hired his lecture to the computer and, through their own efforts and learning, to knowledge accumulation and technological level. Through a combination of both, under the idea of forming a unified chip design capability with independent R &amp; D team, to achieve controllability of the chip design. At the same time with STMicroelectronics Godson Godson 2E chip production, and France jointly launched Gdium Dexxon Godson notebook computers, learning ways to improve their technical capacity. Godson promote independent innovation and industrialization of the countermeasures Godson on national security, defense of great strategic importance to nurturing emerging markets, create new economic growth point of great significance. Godson sign of success not only in their technology reached the international advanced level, is more important is whether Godson and related products in every household, realize industrialization. Current Godson in independent R &amp; D, industrialization needs to make strenuous efforts to further promote independent innovation Godson and industrialization, as an international scientific and technological cooperation Godson role of independent innovation, the urgent need to take measures accordingly. One of the continued support given to independent R &amp; D Godson, Godson independent research and development to achieve a virtuous circle. Inter have been able to consistently occupy the leading position in the heart of the chip market is mainly based on market demand, business development idea, &quot;never stop, continuous innovation&quot;, R &amp; D and marketing to achieve positive interaction. Godson-based strategic significance and market value, the government needs to Godson&#39;s independent research and development support for sustained and stable, the level of its technology at the international forefront. At the same time further developing the national level to encourage participation in research and development and preferential policies and measures to increase R &amp; D investment, attracting participation of social capital, expansion of participation of the main R &amp; D investment and shorten the development cycle, so that the performance of Godson to meet the needs of multi-level, technical level of the industry to maintain leadership. In the Godson foothold in the market and be able to occupy a certain position in the market, the technology research and development to achieve positive interaction, the Government then gradually reduce support for R &amp; D investment. Second, efforts to increase government procurement to promote the industrialization process Godson. Godson is of great strategic importance, will the Government to expand the market demand from the perspective of the support is very necessary. Central departments, Changshu City, Jiangsu Province, and support through government procurement and related products Godson industrialization, protection of national emerging brand, develop new national industry of great significance. In the future, to further expand the scope of government procurement, is not limited to education sector, on the other hand to expand the field of government procurement, is not limited to central or Jiangsu province, to be gradually expanded to its provinces and cities nationwide. Godson Chanye by the Government of the initial stage of support, to accelerate the industrialization of Jincheng Godson, Godson promote the core upstream and downstream industry chain, Xing Cheng, Bao Kuo software design, computer and other electronic products Sheng Chan. Third, be the international management team, improving tone to expand capacity. Godson to fierce competition in the market place, and ultimately to international, need to have an international outlook and market operation experience of the management team. Godson is the current R &amp; D as the main team, the implementation of topic group responsibility, in Kelon dream of key management personnel are mostly technical background. From the actual survey found that a lack of talent Godson market operation, lack of marketability, but also the lack of appropriate industrial planning to expand capacity if the market can not be strengthened, Godson of industrialization inevitably face great difficulties, and may lose valuable market opportunities. Fourth, identify the market positioning, cultivating core competitiveness. In the survey found, Godson introduced low-cost, low-price strategy will be encountered in the real market is extremely difficult. Intel and ADM can also be the appropriate strategy to squeeze the Godson, after all, the loss of Intel and AMD is only short-term profits, but to maintain long-term market, Nanchang Godson lost market opportunities. But alone to support the areas of government procurement is not clear that the core chip will be bigger and stronger industrial chain, the cultivation of emerging markets and new economic growth point of form there is nothing. Godson to the current education industry as a breakthrough that &quot;deep plowing education sector, in order to win the overall solution&quot; to education products as its core market position and thus foster a competitive and be able to obtain significant economic benefits, but also in a very Godson big procedure to improve the market competitiveness. But in the long run, Godson should focus on chip design to chip technology and service providers as the main body. Fifth, adopt market-oriented operation, the establishment of industrial base. Re-established in the 2008 Division Godson Menglan Technology Co., Ltd. is mainly responsible for the Godson of downstream industries that industrialization and the computer program integration, and the chip industry, lack of support. In order to chip as the core part of the information industry bigger and stronger, it is necessary to establish the appropriate base for industrialization, as the basis for a complete industrial chain. Currently, the Godson is ready to co-invest 1 billion yuan and then the power to establish an industrial base, need to speed up the advance, otherwise it will delay the timing of industrialization; the same time, the central government and local governments should take appropriate measures to support and guide and encourage State-owned capital and private capital to actively participate in building the industry chain. ? ? ? ? ? ?
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