Fair I believe everyone has encountered the issue of fairness, but often think of themselves as being treated unfairly too. So what is fair, how can we truly fair? Recently read some economics books, to interpret from an economic point of view about what is fair? ?Issue of equity, seems simple, but very complex. Understanding of fairness in economics from the following three aspects of the. ?One is from the perspective of the average distribution. The average allocation is fair? In certain circumstances, and economics always like to have a number of assumptions conditions. Here is no exception. For example, in primitive society, with everyone hunting for prey capture were evenly distributed, because they capture prey in the process of joint efforts of, and no other primitive mode of production, this is the only means of survival. In other words, that is evenly distributed only in relation to the right to life is fair, but in modern society, the basic situation is not fair to the other. There are exceptions, if a place because of severe drought, making groundwater depletion, then the Government to the public hair lotions, only get a basin of water per person per day, rich and poor, which is fair. Of course, this also involves the right to life issues. So in general terms, the average allocation is unfair, and only under certain conditions, the average allocation is only fair. ?The second is from the perspective of equal opportunities considerations. Equality of opportunity will be fair? There is an assumption that when we stand on the same starting line. This is also well understood. Production of products like the University is our way of university graduates or post-graduate, doctoral, if it is from the same school out, we can assume to some extent for their homogeneity, that is, education is the same. But the problem is merely academic as you will be able to equality of opportunity? This clearly is impossible, can not and will have graduated from the same school get a good job, some can not find work. We all know that, in any school has good students and bad students, even with the good students also have the ability differences and differences in personal preferences, and even race, personality, family environment, the reading of the professional, school mentor, etc. differences. So to do the same, almost impossible, that is the twin brother or sister from the same university with a professional teacher with a graduate school, and can not be completely homogeneous. Of course, equality of opportunity is the result of the competition this difference, it is also because of competition, the human society to progress. ?Finally, the rational from the income gap to explain. Can generate a reasonable income gap between the fair? Not necessarily. The challenge is what is &quot;reasonable&quot;? The degree of how sure? Seems now there is no way give a good method, but has been people using Li Shi experience or are based on market supply and demand relationship Jueding a person&#39;s 收入, this impinges on Le Adam Smith put forward a had that &quot;invisible hand&quot; of the Jing Ji Science explains. I heard the United States, the wages of university professors in various departments is not the same, according to market supply and demand of various departments to determine the professor&#39;s salary. This point of collision as we further see the &quot;price&quot; of power, no wonder in the face of intense competition when the &quot;price&quot; the market is often the best weapon. ?Three can be seen from the above, to achieve fair conditions of how the &quot;harsh.&quot; I did not say strict because these conditions is simply no way to do so, from this angle, the absolute fairness does not exist in real life also become a matter of course. So when we encounter injustice, when they can feel at ease about Ah Q, fair does not exist, this society would not be equitable. ?But this statement is also problematic if the community really had no fair, that the social machinery to operate, the market if the deployment function to play it, what measures the Government have made it had been so relieved the day? Renowned economist, former president of Peking University&#39;s Guanghua School of Management, Professor Li Yining from the viewpoint of management explained: fair from the identity (which should be relatively fair and equitable). Everyone working in a certain group, is a group member, if he agree with the group, his sense of fairness arises. For example, a family is a minimal group, in this family, there are three children, three children&#39;s education are not the same, possibly because of economic reasons, or because its capacity reasons. But because the three children of the family is recognized, so the three children grow up, they will not find in the family had been treated unfairly. So create a sense of fairness, and sense of identity has a lot. Similarly, this conclusion can also be used with the company, or even the state of governance. So from this sense, an enterprise, national, infighting does not occur if you want to, want to have long-term development, training employees in the identification, development of national patriotism and civic identity, is essential! Of course, how to cultivate identity is not easy, otherwise there will not be so much the history of the war, there will not be so many dynasties, but not so many innocent lives lost. Perhaps Taoism&#39;s pursuit of &quot;Doing Nothing&quot;, give them some good inspiration.