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Experiential Learning theory Experiential Learning theory Experiential training is a long-lasting effects of training methods, because the results of the training team members are from personal experience, feelings and exchange of the Chinese sage once said I: I listen, I forgot; I see, I remember; I do I learned; I teach, I grasp. Britain has a similar proverb: Ten me, and I will forget; show me, and I may remember; Involve me, and I will understand. Experience training effectively, &quot;Xin saw one do&quot; thinking and actions of learners together, and in the process of change to promote the roles of learners and become active subjects of study. Learners through the experience gained the knowledge and lasting effect, but also to the learning experience is a great pleasure. First, experiential training and Features ?Experiential training is based on modern educational thinking and management theory as a way of learning. It was introduced into China in 1995. After nearly a decade of development, China has experiential training hundreds of professional organizations, has over 2,000 employees. So far, the inclusion of the world&#39;s top 500 multinationals, such as General Electric, IBM, HP, Kodak, Motorola, Ericsson, Nokia, had made several team participants; many famous enterprises such as Lenovo, Tsinghua Unisplendour , Founder, also regarded such training as compulsory education staff. Moreover, experiential learning is also favored by institutions of higher learning. Tsinghua University, Peking University Guanghua School of Management, China Europe International Business School and other leading business schools in the MBA / EMBA regarded experiential education training courses as specified. &quot;Experiential learning&quot; hot is my form, it will be more and more enterprises are accepted and recognized and included in the training program, as their human resource development and team building and effective way. ?So, what to experience-based training? The so-called experiential training, a personal first by participating in an activity and preliminary experience, Ranhou in the training of teachers under the guidance of Gong Tong exchange with team members, share personal experiences and Tishengrenshi the training mode. Specific for experiential learning is a process: learners through real or simulated environment in specific activities, access to personal experience and feelings, and through exchanges between team members work together to achieve, and then through reflection, summed up the theory to enhance or results, the final results will be applied to the theory or practice, the training of teachers in training plays a guiding role in the process. In the philosophical sense, experiential learning through a &quot;from the practice (personal experience) to the theory (including the individual&#39;s awareness) and then to practice (specific activities of enterprises)&quot; process, this process also produces real knowledge of the process, is the so-called &quot;lb.&quot; Experiential training process with particular emphasis on the learner experience and feelings; of course, experience is not an end but a means, only through the team members share the results and used in practice is the experiential training purposes. ?Experiential training is a long-lasting effects of training methods, because the results of the training team members are from personal experience, feelings and communication. Chinese sage once said: I listen, I forgot; I see, I remember; I did, I learned; I teach, I grasp. Britain has a similar proverb: Ten me, and I will forget; show me, and I may remember; Involve me, and I will understand. Experience training effectively, &quot;do hear a look at a&quot; thinking and actions of learners together, and in the process that bring change roles of learners and become active learning entity. Learners through the experience gained the knowledge and lasting effect, but also to the learning experience is a great pleasure. Second, the rise of &quot;experiential learning&quot; in the deep-seated reasons ?The rise of experiential training, in addition to professional organizations strongly promote this new way of learning but also because experience-based training has a profound theoretical basis, and adapt to the modern work, study, internal demand and the new trend of organizational change. 1. Experiential training fully reflects the thinking of Constructivist Teaching ?A learning method of production, has its deep ideological foundation of teaching. Constructivism is the development of behaviorism to cognitivism further development of the future. Constructivist Teaching thinking that: learners are learning the subject, effective learning needs from the learner&#39;s interest, and from solving real problems start, the only way to generate learner motivation. Teachers 不是 one-way transmission of knowledge owner, its role is for learners to provide rich learning environment to help and guide learners construct their own experiences and guide the learner from direct experiences. Constructivist teaching thinking also to encourage the teaching of information flow in several directions, not just one-way from teacher to learner mobility. Shows that constructivist teaching is thought to promote the learning of teachers under the guidance of the learner as the main study. Contrast, experiential training, both for learning situations Shezhi, learners get to experience subjective identity through activities, or training of guidance, communication among team members and the final results of Xing Cheng, fully embody the Constructivism Teaching Thought of the study subjects view, Teacher, Learning and Teaching. 2. Experiential training directly from the experiential learning theory ?Weide Han Case Western Reserve University School of Management (the Academy in the &quot;Financial Times&quot; in 2004 the latest business school ranking 100 in 84) and David Cooper, professor of organizational behavior (David kolb&gt; in the 20th century the early 80s made experiential learning theory. He built a model of experiential learning - experiential learning cycle: activities (experiences) → publication → reflection → Theory → Applications → activity (experience), followed by cycling. He said: effective learn from experience begin, and then comment, then reflection, then sum up the formation of theory, and finally theory into practice. This theory has become a training mode and many of the core theory of learning, including experiential training. experiential learning theory to design and development of lifelong learning has a profound effect; the same time, on Qiye how to move to a learning organization also provided useful lessons. In many Western managers feel this emphasis on &quot;doing&quot; experiential learning, they could learners Zhangwo knowledge of the real potential to play out, is to improve the efficiency of effective learning. 3. Experiential training to make up the traditional teaching model of the defects and shortcomings ?Experiential training is essentially a kind of training, but it is with the traditional teaching model in teaching thinking, teaching methods and the specific practice and so there was a clear difference. ?Traditional teaching model of behavior-based ideology, and experiential learning based on constructivist teaching thinking: Traditional teaching emphasizes learning from past knowledge, and experiential learning are emphasized immediate feeling; traditional teaching attention to memory, attention to learning the main experiential training insights and experience; traditional teaching to accept a programmable knowledge-oriented, experiential training to share lessons learned, problem-solving oriented; traditional teaching the knowledge, skills, experience-based training focus on ideas, attitudes; the traditional teacher-centered instruction, teachers the teaching process, and control of a dominant position, experiential training to learner-centered, play a guiding role in training teachers; traditional education emphasizes the knowledge learned in the classroom, the training emphasizes experiential learning in a specific situation in through experience to learn. ?Two different teaching methods have different results. Traditional teaching of &quot;religion&quot; does not necessarily lead to &quot;study&quot; does not even have a &quot;will.&quot; In experiential training, learner activities through specific scenarios get experience, but also to experience the joy of learning, the effective promotion of the senior learners cognitive development. Can be seen in experiential training process, the &quot;Teaching&quot; is designed to provide learning situations, information, games, etc., for the learners to create the external conditions for learning and the environment, its role is to produce &quot;learning.&quot; &quot;Council&quot; means the learner through the learning environment can be applied in the real knowledge and skills acquired, or to promote change in learner behavior. Experiential training to achieve this ultimate objective: by changing the attitudes and perceptions of learners to open all potential learners, and allow them to use these potentials to the real work, bringing the best personal performance. 4. Experiential training is learning the art management knowledge and management efficient way ?Compared with other disciplines, management, professional learning showed three distinct characteristics: (1) attaches great importance to strong participation in interactive learning, which is the management of scientific and artistic characteristics of decision; (2) attaches great importance to cooperation learning. Management and communication are inseparable, management education and cooperative learning are inseparable; (3) attaches great importance to the close combination of theory and practice. ?Experiential training, team communication and communication to solve the problem of collective mutual assistance, in order to obtain practical experience and theory into doubt reflected the element management of the three characteristics of professional learning. In order to achieve the purpose of learning management professional, experiential training courses are targeted at the needs of enterprises, according to internal problems in well-designed. It integrates 了 Management De theory the essence of its ingenious De integration into various projects in the implementation of Guo Cheng, let learners experience the joy of insight, Jian Yan and advancing managing skill. Experiential training for learners to create a new learning environment, learner management theory realistic simulation scenario has been fully applied; the same time, guided by trainers, learners are constantly integrating their knowledge, and quickly translated into action. Training, while not directly impart knowledge to learners, but the training-induced heart inspiration having first proven infinitely useful. 5. Experience training effectively cultivate a positive team spirit ?Modern enterprise focus on learning, and strive to create a learning organization business at the same time, its performance increasingly depends on good team performance. Experiential training programs are generally presented in the form of the team completed. It is designed by a variety of activities to team members to solve problems, meet challenges and interaction in the process of achieving &quot;inspire potential, melting team&quot; purposes. Therefore, experiential training on the culture of teamwork and cooperation learner awareness, improve interpersonal relationships, on the formation of positive organizational climate and improve communication within the organization and exchange of information and so much meditation benefits. 6. And online learning different experiential training touched a person&#39;s social and inner world ?With the development of information technology, enterprises run more and more dependent on electronic networks to complete the staff work, study and life are more web-mouth network media work environment so that employees pay more attention to modern business and work-related skills, interpersonal skills in dealing with it looks a little weak. ?In recent years, online learning (electronic-learning, e-learning) developed rapidly. Because online learning is conducted via the Internet, a good solution to the learning anytime, anywhere and fair acceptance, becoming the popularization of education and lifelong learning offers the possibility; But this network is the medium of learning alienated human relationships, and even growth-promoting relationships of membranes and the cold. Thus, people online learning is full of a longing for the same time, some of the human to their needs or deep 力量 说 Jing Shen forces fostering, for example, will, dedication, loyalty, cooperation, innovation, interpersonal relations of Xiediaodengye full Ke Wang. In this case, more attention to another burgeoning &quot;elearning&quot; - experiential learning (experiential-learning). ?From experiential learning theory as experience-based training compared with other training methods, greater emphasis on human existence as a living body, people pay more attention to their own needs. In electronic learning, networking background, experience-based training to promote &quot;our personnel in training, rather than using the computer; we are in development, not in the alienation of people.&quot; Can be said that the training is experiential education and traditional touch e-learning in terms of reach. ?Through the above analysis we can see from experiential learning theory of experiential training, constructivist teaching ideas by concrete to make up the traditional teaching mode, defects and deficiencies; the same time, both in learning management Zhi Shi, experience of managing arts Fangmian , or in cultivating team spirit, promote the comprehensive development of individuals, it is an effective way of learning. It can be said that in today&#39;s personal focus on learning and development, organizational focus group identified practice times, experiential training Hing package has its inevitability.
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