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Experiential Learning theory


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									Experiential Learning theory
Experiential Learning theory
    Experiential training is a long-lasting effects of training methods, because the
results of the training team members are from personal experience, feelings and
exchange of the Chinese sage once said I: I listen, I forgot; I see, I remember; I do I
learned; I teach, I grasp. Britain has a similar proverb: Ten me, and I will forget; show
me, and I may remember; Involve me, and I will understand. Experience training
effectively, "Xin saw one do" thinking and actions of learners
together, and in the process of change to promote the roles of learners and become
active subjects of study. Learners through the experience gained the knowledge and
lasting effect, but also to the learning experience is a great pleasure.
First, experiential training and Features
    ?Experiential training is based on modern educational thinking and management
theory as a way of learning. It was introduced into China in 1995. After nearly a
decade of development, China has experiential training hundreds of professional
organizations, has over 2,000 employees. So far, the inclusion of the
world's top 500 multinationals, such as General Electric, IBM, HP, Kodak,
Motorola, Ericsson, Nokia, had made several team participants; many famous
enterprises such as Lenovo, Tsinghua Unisplendour , Founder, also regarded such
training as compulsory education staff. Moreover, experiential learning is also favored
by institutions of higher learning. Tsinghua University, Peking University Guanghua
School of Management, China Europe International Business School and other
leading business schools in the MBA / EMBA regarded experiential education
training courses as specified. "Experiential learning" hot is my
form, it will be more and more enterprises are accepted and recognized and included
in the training program, as their human resource development and team building and
effective way.
    ?So, what to experience-based training? The so-called experiential training, a
personal first by participating in an activity and preliminary experience, Ranhou in the
training of teachers under the guidance of Gong Tong exchange with team members,
share personal experiences and Tishengrenshi the training mode. Specific for
experiential learning is a process: learners through real or simulated environment in
specific activities, access to personal experience and feelings, and through exchanges
between team members work together to achieve, and then through reflection,
summed up the theory to enhance or results, the final results will be applied to the
theory or practice, the training of teachers in training plays a guiding role in the
process. In the philosophical sense, experiential learning through a "from
the practice (personal experience) to the theory (including the individual's
awareness) and then to practice (specific activities of enterprises)" process,
this process also produces real knowledge of the process, is the so-called
"lb." Experiential training process with particular emphasis on
the learner experience and feelings; of course, experience is not an end but a means,
only through the team members share the results and used in practice is the
experiential training purposes.
    ?Experiential training is a long-lasting effects of training methods, because the
results of the training team members are from personal experience, feelings and
communication. Chinese sage once said: I listen, I forgot; I see, I remember; I did, I
learned; I teach, I grasp. Britain has a similar proverb: Ten me, and I will forget; show
me, and I may remember; Involve me, and I will understand. Experience training
effectively, "do hear a look at a" thinking and actions of learners
together, and in the process that bring change roles of learners and become active
learning entity. Learners through the experience gained the knowledge and lasting
effect, but also to the learning experience is a great pleasure.
Second, the rise of "experiential learning" in the deep-seated
    ?The rise of experiential training, in addition to professional organizations
strongly promote this new way of learning but also because experience-based training
has a profound theoretical basis, and adapt to the modern work, study, internal
demand and the new trend of organizational change.
1. Experiential training fully reflects the thinking of Constructivist Teaching
    ?A learning method of production, has its deep ideological foundation of teaching.
Constructivism is the development of behaviorism to cognitivism further development
of the future. Constructivist Teaching thinking that: learners are learning the subject,
effective learning needs from the learner's interest, and from solving real
problems start, the only way to generate learner motivation. Teachers 不是 one-way
transmission of knowledge owner, its role is for learners to provide rich learning
environment to help and guide learners construct their own experiences and guide the
learner from direct experiences. Constructivist teaching thinking also to encourage the
teaching of information flow in several directions, not just one-way from teacher to
learner mobility. Shows that constructivist teaching is thought to promote the learning
of teachers under the guidance of the learner as the main study. Contrast, experiential
training, both for learning situations Shezhi, learners get to experience subjective
identity through activities, or training of guidance, communication among team
members and the final results of Xing Cheng, fully embody the Constructivism
Teaching Thought of the study subjects view, Teacher, Learning and Teaching.
2. Experiential training directly from the experiential learning theory
    ?Weide Han Case Western Reserve University School of Management (the
Academy in the "Financial Times" in 2004 the latest business
school ranking 100 in 84) and David Cooper, professor of organizational behavior
(David kolb> in the 20th century the early 80s made experiential learning
theory. He built a model of experiential learning - experiential learning cycle:
activities (experiences) → publication → reflection → Theory → Applications
→ activity (experience), followed by cycling. He said: effective learn from
experience begin, and then comment, then reflection, then sum up the formation of
theory, and finally theory into practice. This theory has become a training mode and
many of the core theory of learning, including experiential training. experiential
learning theory to design and development of lifelong learning has a profound effect;
the same time, on Qiye how to move to a learning organization also provided useful
lessons.     In     many      Western      managers      feel     this     emphasis      on
"doing" experiential learning, they could learners Zhangwo
knowledge of the real potential to play out, is to improve the efficiency of effective
3. Experiential training to make up the traditional teaching model of the defects and
    ?Experiential training is essentially a kind of training, but it is with the traditional
teaching model in teaching thinking, teaching methods and the specific practice and
so there was a clear difference.
    ?Traditional teaching model of behavior-based ideology, and experiential learning
based on constructivist teaching thinking: Traditional teaching emphasizes learning
from past knowledge, and experiential learning are emphasized immediate feeling;
traditional teaching attention to memory, attention to learning the main experiential
training insights and experience; traditional teaching to accept a programmable
knowledge-oriented, experiential training to share lessons learned, problem-solving
oriented; traditional teaching the knowledge, skills, experience-based training focus
on ideas, attitudes; the traditional teacher-centered instruction, teachers the teaching
process, and control of a dominant position, experiential training to learner-centered,
play a guiding role in training teachers; traditional education emphasizes the
knowledge learned in the classroom, the training emphasizes experiential learning in a
specific situation in through experience to learn.
    ?Two different teaching methods have different results. Traditional teaching of
"religion"            does       not      necessarily        lead       to
"study" does not even have a "will." In
experiential training, learner activities through specific scenarios get experience, but
also to experience the joy of learning, the effective promotion of the senior learners
cognitive development. Can be seen in experiential training process, the
"Teaching" is designed to provide learning situations,
information, games, etc., for the learners to create the external conditions for learning
and the environment, its role is to produce "learning."
"Council" means the learner through the learning environment
can be applied in the real knowledge and skills acquired, or to promote change in
learner behavior. Experiential training to achieve this ultimate objective: by changing
the attitudes and perceptions of learners to open all potential learners, and allow them
to use these potentials to the real work, bringing the best personal performance.
4. Experiential training is learning the art management knowledge and management
efficient way
    ?Compared with other disciplines, management, professional learning showed
three distinct characteristics: (1) attaches great importance to strong participation in
interactive learning, which is the management of scientific and artistic characteristics
of decision; (2) attaches great importance to cooperation learning. Management and
communication are inseparable, management education and cooperative learning are
inseparable; (3) attaches great importance to the close combination of theory and
     ?Experiential training, team communication and communication to solve the
problem of collective mutual assistance, in order to obtain practical experience and
theory into doubt reflected the element management of the three characteristics of
professional learning. In order to achieve the purpose of learning management
professional, experiential training courses are targeted at the needs of enterprises,
according to internal problems in well-designed. It integrates 了 Management De
theory the essence of its ingenious De integration into various projects in the
implementation of Guo Cheng, let learners experience the joy of insight, Jian Yan and
advancing managing skill. Experiential training for learners to create a new learning
environment, learner management theory realistic simulation scenario has been fully
applied; the same time, guided by trainers, learners are constantly integrating their
knowledge, and quickly translated into action. Training, while not directly impart
knowledge to learners, but the training-induced heart inspiration having first proven
infinitely useful.
5. Experience training effectively cultivate a positive team spirit
     ?Modern enterprise focus on learning, and strive to create a learning organization
business at the same time, its performance increasingly depends on good team
performance. Experiential training programs are generally presented in the form of the
team completed. It is designed by a variety of activities to team members to solve
problems, meet challenges and interaction in the process of achieving
"inspire potential, melting team" purposes. Therefore,
experiential training on the culture of teamwork and cooperation learner awareness,
improve interpersonal relationships, on the formation of positive organizational
climate and improve communication within the organization and exchange of
information and so much meditation benefits.
6. And online learning different experiential training touched a person's
social and inner world
     ?With the development of information technology, enterprises run more and more
dependent on electronic networks to complete the staff work, study and life are more
web-mouth network media work environment so that employees pay more attention to
modern business and work-related skills, interpersonal skills in dealing with it looks a
little weak.
     ?In recent years, online learning (electronic-learning, e-learning) developed
rapidly. Because online learning is conducted via the Internet, a good solution to the
learning anytime, anywhere and fair acceptance, becoming the popularization of
education and lifelong learning offers the possibility; But this network is the medium
of learning alienated human relationships, and even growth-promoting relationships
of membranes and the cold. Thus, people online learning is full of a longing for the
same time, some of the human to their needs or deep 力量 说 Jing Shen forces
fostering, for example, will, dedication, loyalty, cooperation, innovation, interpersonal
relations of Xiediaodengye full Ke Wang. In this case, more attention to another
burgeoning         "elearning"          -     experiential     learning
     ?From experiential learning theory as experience-based training compared with
other training methods, greater emphasis on human existence as a living body, people
pay more attention to their own needs. In electronic learning, networking background,
experience-based training to promote "our personnel in training, rather
than using the computer; we are in development, not in the alienation of
people." Can be said that the training is experiential education and
traditional touch e-learning in terms of reach.
    ?Through the above analysis we can see from experiential learning theory of
experiential training, constructivist teaching ideas by concrete to make up the
traditional teaching mode, defects and deficiencies; the same time, both in learning
management Zhi Shi, experience of managing arts Fangmian , or in cultivating team
spirit, promote the comprehensive development of individuals, it is an effective way
of learning. It can be said that in today's personal focus on learning and
development, organizational focus group identified practice times, experiential
training Hing package has its inevitability.

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