China Super think tank ? ?High level, super departments, semi official semi China Chinese think tank change ?China New &quot;foreign brain&quot; From Vice Premier positions withdrawal year after 71 Zeng Peiyan re &quot;came out&quot; this, he had a new identity - China International Economic Exchange Center (hereinafter country via Centre) chairman. This is newly established in Beijing a senior think tank, in 20 March convened first council had elected chairman. His former Vice Premier identity and country economic center leadership unusual &quot;luxury&quot; lineup makes new think tanks highlights from, momentary &quot;China highest level think tank&quot; said. New think tank inaugurated, a once financial crisis ascendant uncertain situation and prospects enable national macro Decision face serious challenges. While domestic existing senior Decision Consulting system seems difficult effectively help Decision layer cope immediate complicated situations. Just Zeng Peiyan &quot;assumed office&quot;&#39;s March from National &quot;&quot; to official media for economists and think tank institutions economic situation misjudgment slipups. States via Centre establishment day before published &quot;Outlook&quot; magazine criticized Some think tank experts only &quot;figured on meaning.&quot; This background born country economic center thus been placed expectations. &quot;This is explore the establishment Chinese characteristics semi official semi China new senior think tank a qualitative leap.&quot; States economic center researchers one, former State Development Bank Deputy Governor Liu Kegu evaluation said China think tanks system transiorm just begun. &quot;Super think tank&quot; March 20 in Beijing China World Hotel This &quot;Platinum class hotels&quot; li, China International Economic Exchange Center officially established. This new think tanks leadership assumed is a &quot;super luxury lineup&quot; - Chairman Zeng Peiyan, original Vice Premier. Executive Vice chairman 8: Central Financial Leading Group Office original owners Renwang Chun positive, economists Li Yining, CUHK Chancellor Lau Zunyi, NDRC Deputy Director Zhang Xiaoqiang, national Development Bank chairman Chen Yuan, Tsinghua Faculty long Qian Yingyi, CNPC Managing Jiang Jiemin, state administrative Associate Dean Wei Liqun. Deputy chairman Zheng Xinli, Central Policy Research deputy director. Vice chairman 10: Hong Kong ICC Mr Victor Fung Guangdong original governor Lu Ruihua Central FAOs original director Liu Huaqiu, DRC director Zhang Yutai, NDRC Deputy Director cum National Energy Secretary Zhang Guobao, State Council state assets Committee Director Li Rongrong, NPC UNESCO Wei deputy chairman Xu Rongkai, CIC chairman Lou Jiwei, Central Policy Research original Director Teng Wensheng, National social security Fund Council chairman Dai Xianglong. General Wei Jianguo, Commerce former vice minister. Standing director includes China Steel shares chairman Huangtian Wen, Zhonghai Group President Li Shaode, State Development Investment Company president Wang Huisheng other large central enterprises Leader. Such personnel framework been another capital think tank - China Modern International Relations Institute Jiang Chung evaluation &quot;lineup huge, specifications high&quot; &quot;almost any a are contemporary media chased key.&quot; New think tanks &quot;backing&quot; also conspicuous. &quot;This new think tanks is Premier Wen Jiabao personally instructions established, integrates original NDRC subordinates international collaborating centers and opening Advisory Centre two think tank.&quot; Participating countries economic center preparation A source disclosed said Wen Premier early as last November on that in current economic situation complex circumstances, alone experience, rely minority wisdom is difficult make correct decisions must widely listen views, strengthen decision scientific , democratization. This fact for new think tank establishment working the direction. &quot;(We) will focus on international economic major hotspot focal issues conduct strategic, macro, perspective research, continuously formation batch targeted operable research results.&quot; Zeng Peiyan March 20 establishment ceremony. Country economic center soon as he Chengli, such indicators this year should focus study 19 topics the financial crisis second plays shock wave possibility, Goujian new international financial order, US Zhanlue economic cooperation Japanese Strategic reciprocal relations, in Russia Central Asia Energy resources cooperation research, Governments Decision Mechanism and think tank in government economic Decision role, &quot;are immediate key, difficult, hot issues.&quot; Liu Kegu said. New think tank establishment first major activities is planned June late held in Beijing &quot;global think tank summit.&quot; The conference will invite 200-300 home global renowned think tanks and global 500 enterprises leaders for from financial crisis and China steady economic growth make plans. All this are make outsiders this &quot;China highest level think tank&quot; next senior Decision role full Lenovo. Experts trough In Zeng Peiyan seems now increasingly complex international environment &quot;is States think tank planning ability test.&quot; This is nearly 10 years on policymakers most challenging era international domestic economic situation nosedive, macro control policy rapid adjustment makes levels officials and business once pinned. &quot;Our most want future economic situation, on macro control policy a relatively accurate expected but past year frequent changes, let very puzzled.&quot; In Zhejiang doing textiles business Yeyun Tang said. The accompanying is some economic scholars and think tanks experts various prophecy repeated become joke. End of 2007 CASS a famous economist still stressed &quot;4% is China inflation bear limit&quot; &quot;macroeconomic not fluctuations&quot; two months, CPI reach monthly 8.7%, six months or to December 2008 1.2%. Late 2007 subprime crisis early, many mainstream scholars given &quot;crisis is temporary&quot; judgment, stressed &quot;on China little impact.&quot; July 2008 when international oil shocks 147 U.S. dollars / barrel, domestic energy research institutions unanimous prediction &quot;international oil forthcoming rushed 200 U.S. dollars / barrel&quot; 5 months, they were 35 dollars / barrel new price tartly mockery a. &quot;Expert a predict, humans laugh.&quot; March 26, country Research Center Foreign Economic Research Deputy Minister Long Guoqiang in a forum been reporters asked on China foreign trade situation Di forecast not help came sentence humor. Scholars and think tank frequency fool of, incurred extensive public opinion criticism. CPPCC Liu innovation in early March National &quot;two sessions&quot; bluntly &quot;To eliminated part economists.&quot; 19 March published &quot;Outlook&quot; magazine then criticized said: &quot;2008 4 ~ July, domestic economic situation have emerged downturn, &#39;Taijiao faction&#39; pundits Haiba economic growth downturn as regulation achievements to publicize.&quot; &quot;Misjudgment frequent, apart professional skill insufficient reasons, also lies domestic existing some think tank increasingly relying interest groups Bound.&quot; Jiang Chung said. Jiang Chung had &quot;departmental interests&quot; problem done thematic studies, he found some ministries subordinates think tank institutions increasingly focus departments interest appeals. Due viewpoints must unit consistent &quot;internal discipline&quot; constraint, researchers mostly adopted beneficial departments arguments and arguments otherwise be leadership criticized. Accept overseas institutions and TNCs funding also become many mainland think tank livelihoods. March 20 2008, U.S. Ford Foundation held in Beijing a reception &quot;invited 400, came from China various important administrative, research, teaching and policy advice departments renowned scholars, their past accepted Guo Ford Foundation forms subsidy. &quot;a then scene institutes head recalls. Strong civil businessmen interventional to on think tanks funding. According Jiang Chung know, Shanxi several coal boss in Beijing purchase office, organized a think tank funded part experts studies to &quot;professional express meet their interests viewpoint.&quot; Jiang Chung seems think tank unregulated accept external subsidy result is &quot;cannibalism mouth soft&quot; reducing special interest groups endorsement who difficult to national macro decision making independence, objective scientific consulting services. &quot;Economic social operation complex situation on current think tanks system form grim challenges. Social transition inevitable ask China think tanks the Transformation.&quot; Liu Kegu think, think tanks System Change direction is to establish high level comprehensive, semi government-run China new think tank. &quot;Half official semi people&quot; Country economic center formation is considered such transformation exploration one. High level, super departments is new think tank first expectations. There former Vice Premier command leader, country economic center high level obvious. As nonprofit community organizations, country via Centre currently permanent researchers hundreds whom part cause compiled while its open study platform actual mobilize human then far exceeds this scale. &quot;Against financial crisis such complex economic phenomena research, necessarily interdepartmental, transregional, interdisciplinary.&quot; Liu Kegu introduced that therefore country economic center members from state administrative departments social organizations, large enterprises Macau associations, financial institutions and universities formed transcend single departments and social Group personnel layout. New think tanks Another important sign is &quot;half official semi Folk&quot; identity. Liu Kegu visited Brookings Institution, Rand companies seven international senior think tanks, he concluded China think tank system, most lacks semi government-run people think tank, &quot;official think tank by institutional within various factors, civil think tanks another from Decision layer distant to senior intentions and demand unclear. &quot; Contrast, senior U.S. think tank &quot;official people Combination&quot; on done well. Kissinger Brzezinski entering White House ago, have in Rockefeller Brothers Foundation, Rand companies think tank worked. Leave White House then return think tank. &quot;Think tank elite both close civil and familiar government operations know decisions layer what to.&quot; Therefore as semi official semi people exploration, country via Centre absorbed many like Zeng Peiyan such &quot;retire down old comrades&quot; they both to retirees Shenfen close civil, can because original occupational experience while social opinions rapid feedback to senior. But country via Centre absorbed many large SOEs as governing units practice also attracted questioned. Given enterprise units may centered funds research there opinion new think tanks can maintain independence expressed concern. Jiang Chung also advocated, institutional within think tank study should entirely by Government funded. While Liu Kegu this then not especially worried &quot;any think tanks sources are pluralistic to social source mainly Government funds supplemented only to avoid single accept from certain enterprise or industry funding. Should to topics fees and research achievements paid use dominated. &quot; He cited Rand 65% revenue comes federal, 35% revenue from state government, foreign government, private companies, Foundation different customer. Because implement norms project cooperation system Rand able become U.S. Government veritable &quot;outside brain&quot; maintain independent thinking. China International Economic Exchange Center General Wei Jianguo said the Centre a basic task is depth major Economy. IC information Xicheng District Xi&#39;an door Avenue 22, State Council state organs Authority compound one building 4 layer Wei Jianguo being and several guests meeting. Wei Jianguo, Commerce former vice minister, present status is China International Economic Exchange Center (hereinafter &quot;Country via Centre&quot;) General. Recently, Wei Jianguo been busy country via Centre planned July organized to address global financial crisis topic first &quot;global think tanks Summit&quot; preparatory. Two months ago, March 20, China International economic exchange Centre in Beijing officially established is family from Wen Premier personally instructed by State Council former vice Premier Zeng Peiyan as the chairman, pooled China political, business, academia forces there 500,000,000 yuan Fund backed ideological library. Its objectives is to in China political, economic, cultural soil build a with international influence ideological library. China International Economic Exchange Center birth marks Chinese Government ideological Library participation government decision maintain thinking independence and global influence expansion strong craving. To detailed understanding &quot;China highest level think tank&quot; operation and composition mode, Morning Post reporter interviewed Commerce former vice minister, incumbent States economic center General Wei Jianguo. Letters written by academics China think tank going out Oriental Morning Post: Can you brief introduction China International Economic Exchange Center established background? Wei Jianguo: Current, swept global financial crisis many national economic been hit, China economy been adversely affected. We must therefore comprehensive analysis and accurately grasp world economic development trend, by expanding with foreign exchanges grasp development initiative. Precisely such background, China International Economic Exchange Center emerged. Establishment China International Economic Exchange Center motion began last October. Then, several scholar &quot;letter&quot; proposed addition should let think tank from overall, prospective perspective issues, also play &quot;exchanges&quot; role. Currently we national largely also only through official with abroad exchanges. Now many Western countries policy and foreign exchange, think tanks played great influence and assumed oversea &quot;platform&quot; and &quot;opinion leaders&quot; role. We also want China international arena have greater discourse power own voice end, we can establish a reciprocal institutions achieve this. Currently world appeared &quot;China threat&quot; &quot;China plundering Resource theory&quot; and many argument these allegations emergence largely Western countries we lack understand caused. Alone government level efforts and official communication, these misunderstandings is difficult eliminated. As civil policy research institutions think tank but can research report published hold international academic meetings to western countries Tanks and Western scholars direct exchanges way for world hear from China voice. Such unofficial channels allows international community more understand China. Although China currently some think tank also playing such role but conducting international exchanges, we still lack with international influence can Western top think tanks dialogue a ideological library. Like U.S. many famous ideological library chairman, president are predecessor government officials, Brookings Institution president is former Undersecretary of State, international strategic research centers president is former Deputy Defense Minister. Therefore To further expanding China influence and strengthen abroad exchanges establishment China International Economic Exchange Center such a think tank necessary. Many foreign think tanks right Government considerable impact. This U.S. Obama Government cabinet after, his government officials has lots U.S. think tank researchers. Also some Republicans from government enter think tank sector. Think tank in government personnel changes played a &quot;revolving door&quot; role. Some countries ruling concept, Policies many from think tanks, this many examples. U.S. several major think tank like Brookings Society Rand, international strategic research centers External Relations Committee and so told some international relations major issues raised countermeasures or recommendations was their Government adoption. Year, U.S. former Soviet take Cold methods confrontation that from Rand firms. Foreign Government, particularly U.S. Government, in major decisions introduced before usually first solicit think tank views, through think tanks manufacturing opinion. Fact, this also to understand aspects response. Government think tanks ri usually some very component figures, such Kissinger Brzezinski, Scowcroft other U.S. former government officials are U.S. CSIS engaged research these people U.S. Government influential. We do with foreign think tanks exchange, can indirectly understand and affect foreign government some issues. Meanwhile, utilize nongovernmental channels this platform can respond public opinion abroad on China some misunderstanding or untrue reports, organization experts objective, informative comprehensive to international community introduce China situation clarify facts trust, dispelling doubts, influence opinion for establish China good international image play positive role. Added 61 Fellow preparation Oriental Morning Post: China International Economic Exchange Center personnel composition like? Main work task? Wei Jianguo: Our staffing 96, original only 35 compiled later added 61, new establishment all researchers. We are currently recruitment, now enrollment approximately hundreds people applicants mostly doctoral level. Country economic center main tasks can summarized as three things: First research questions; Second exchange cooperation; Third advisory services. First, depth major economic Problems. Against party and government concern enterprise and social needs organized a thorough actual research conduct on major economic problems study, put valuable report and recommendations. This is center core work also our a basic task. These major issues, focusing primarily international economic hotspot focal issues with international economic ties closely domestic major economic problems. We chose research topic, should emphasize strategic, macro, perspective; policy recommendations should focus close policies highlighting targeted and maneuverability. Around current financial crisis we some major issues serious study. Second, promote international economic exchange and cooperation. First strengthen foreign famous think tank exchanges and cooperation. Center To select some certain scale influential with us research direction relevant think tank and academics establish contacts can &quot;please come&quot; can &quot;go.&quot; Through organization seminars exchange views, exchange results, exchange information enhance understanding. Both with with our friendly experts and think tanks establish contacts also with those we enough friendly experts and think tanks linkages. Second promote government, enterprises, research institutions communication. Center To multi create conditions structures official, production, research tripartite benign interactive platform. This platform may through various forms carrier embodiment some carrier is tangible like seminars, forums, some carrier intangible if announced in the media information. Foreign Some famous think tank activities very frequent such as U.S. CSIS, annual organizations hundreds field open meeting many different forms seminars this informed share research. Third to promote abroad economic cooperation. Third, general membership provide quality services. First provide members information. Centre To scholars view view member enterprises demand, domestic economic dynamics, real information, market Quotes, industry trends timely to relevant member unit. This work lies fast lies quasi lies Ling lies not multi. Second organized variety activities. Center To According common concern seminars, forums, report, research inspection activities for general membership exchange cooperation create opportunities and space. Third provide advisory services. Countries not Leave penny funding Oriental Morning Post: China International Economic Exchange Center funding come from? How operating? Wei Jianguo: country via center Societies civil organizations, center funding depended on themselves raising, national no allocated penny. To raise research funding, we established China International Economic research exchange Fund (: Zhong Jing Fund), its highest decisions and management bodies are China International Economic research exchange Fund Board, board members (including Special directors) temporarily by foreign famous enterprises home philanthropist, social activist and circles community leaders comprising. China International Economic research exchange fund its proceeds will be dedicated funded research projects. Example, there enterprises should study some topics they funding into our Foundation, we will these funded entirely for research. Zhong Jing Fund main role is, aided conduct domestic major Economy. Study main areas include: World Economic development trend, international financial, international trade, transnational investments and international economic field of major hotspot, Jiaodianwenti; national macroeconomic, finance, foreign trade, regional economics, industrial development and enterprise Jingyingguanli etc. major issues and relevant policies. Zhong Jing Fund also finance various forms international economic exchanges activities for organizational domestic think tanks between regional between between enterprises discussions and exchanges financial support. To ensure research quality, country via center needs a crack research forces. Bushao governing units research forces strong Centre topics through tender, by some governing experts headed, organized relevant research. Research go through Centre accreditation which important report and recommendations to undergo Centre leadership implementing agencies consideration. Centre research topics should by the Council and Fund Board study proposes solicit everyone opinions fully discussion OK. Our research sub three forms: I. we have own core research departments called &quot;in compilation imprisoned or&quot;; Second, scheduling not imprisoned or of; III neither in compilation nor imprisoned or called &quot;tender system&quot; , namely we want some studies subcontracted, nationwide even worldwide tender. Research institutions bid, we to send own chief economist or researchers tracking this project. Our funding also batches paid bid enterprises, concluding acceptance, we also Leave part costs; rather than successful after pay all funding. Such batches payment, can play urge role. This avoid no responsibility happens avoid past, will shelved research results. Addition, country economic center sub four departments: Research Department, Consulting, exchange Department, Cooperation. Which Advisory Department and exchange Ministry responsible center operations, Fund money all for research thus Assurance independence. Financing a bottomline, guarantee independence Oriental Morning Post: China International Economic Exchange Center How can guarantee research scientific and independence? Wei Jianguo: Some research institutions exists much malpractice, such many research institutions get money after blindly do report: First, no timeliness, no time concept, no deadline even outdated studies; second not know effect, think tank study not merely a argumentation. Present, domestic engaged economic research and Decision Consulting service agencies many but strength scattered weighty results few not formed brand. States via Center as an open research platform may organize domestic distinctive, advantages research advisory body complementarity, coordination action, avoid unnecessary duplication. We will use flexible forms break geographical, disciplines, industry and professional boundaries attract talents undertake research task, meet domestic decisions departments and large enterprises high quality counseling services. China&#39;s Centre will conducting research basis organize international exchanges can more depth with foreign experts Xuezhetantao various Sixiangguandian, interworking exchange information improve decision scientific and democratic. A country think tank level and research results represent this country a soft strength. Country economic center built according research law management system set meet soft science research law management system. This management system includes topics management, talent management, financial management and RBM, can guarantee work efficient funds use reasonable. Particularly center Research Fund strictly management, running transparent accept departments supervision consideration. Fund Name with Centre slightly different called &quot;China International Economic research exchange Fund&quot; increased &quot;study&quot; word means this Fund is devoted financing research projects not used daily expenses. In specification funding while think tank financing channels also diversified and clear rules and bottom line but transparent. Addition, we own evaluation mechanism focus think tank research practicality, practicality and feasibility thereby can maintain research scientific and independence. Glossary Think tank Ji thinktank, also called &quot;thought Library&quot; refers experts multidisciplinary for policymakers handling social, economic, technological, military, diplomatic fields problems make plans provide the best theory, strategies, methods ideological etc. public research institutions, strictly think tanks is independent government agencies CSOs. Think tanks function mainly include: propose ideological, education public and gathering talents. Think tank first through research and analysis form new policy advocates then through publication publications organizing various exchange activities, using media campaigns, trying make these propositions public support and policymakers favor. Global famous think tanks have: U.S. international economic Institute Strategic and International research center Brookings Society National Science Institute Rand, Hoover Institute; Europe European Union forum EUSA ? I. pale argument, old Guangzhou Shihsanhang monopoly China and world commercial three flow (information flow, capital flow, logistics; its behind culture is monopoly China and World passage &quot;pipeline - KNOW-HOW&quot;) banner &quot;Deputy Premier level highest Advisory institutions &quot;actual is a operating lower bound Government Global Business&quot; KNOW - HOW &quot;institutions, anti words operating lower bound economic cabinet. (Lu not operators &quot;differences person&quot;) II &quot;six symmetry axis&quot; culture product, - Do owned (U.S. any) - so (requires reciprocal or &quot;to China small open reciprocal treatment - or restore Hong Wah ... ...&quot;) III Beida Guanghua College substitute. IV most important fatal change &quot;decision Chinese future economic territory&quot; Decision &quot;path&quot; (&quot;system theory, cybernetics&quot;) - Great Unification dispersed - Economic elite (may &quot;divide and rule&quot; - yesterday talked principle &quot;fractal&quot;). V. Judging, temperature every family Studies (State Council decided) only only &quot;Thousand Character Classic&quot; level while Zeng every family learn level high more - &quot;Zeng Every family book&quot; level. VI multidimensional dimension reduction solve complex problems &quot;path&quot; was corporatizations - &quot;less dimensional extended dimensional&quot; changed, China commercial strategic layout with depth layout only followed &quot;small Japan&quot; behind crawling. (Whether do Japan-US TNCs cultural comparable, check conclusions) Therefore we waiting State Council correct their mistakes.