An original theory of art criticism An original theory of art criticism - Soft Realism theory construction ? Tan Chang (Jinan University, Doctor of Literature and Art) ? ? September 2007, in Guangdong Sheng Wenlian host a seminar on the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts, Professor Tan Tianxuan read a paper entitled &quot;From Realism to soft revolutionary realism&quot; of the paper, formally proposed a &quot;soft realism&quot; of this proposition. Caused scholars to speak positive response, that China has finally emerged own original art criticism and theory &quot;(see a Function to speak). ? First, the meaning of soft Realism ? 1 Origin of name soft realism ? On the origin of soft realism named Tam made his own interpretation: ? The so-called &quot;soft realism&quot;, &quot;hard realism&quot; are not the author&#39;s invention, from &quot;soft power&quot; and &quot;hard power.&quot; Harvard professor, international expert Joseph Nye ? figurines of this concept for those. &quot;Hard power&quot; mainly refers to economic, military, etc., are material things. &quot;Soft power&quot; refers to a culture and civilization, such as Hollywood movies, consumer culture, and mainly refers to a spiritual concept. U.S. promotion of free and equal values, such values is a kind of soft power. Doing &quot;Mao Thought Art&quot; of the process, I realized that a problem What can be beyond the &quot;Mao thought art&quot; and &quot;contemporary art&quot;? So the &quot;soft&quot; borrowed words, the great narrative art of the kind of revolutionary realism are called hard realism, soft realism, it could be the revolution beyond realism. (See &quot;From the Revolution to the soft realism realism&quot;) ? 2 Entries in soft realism ? According to Wikipedia, on Baidu, &quot;Entries in the soft realism&quot; (Tan Tianzhuan) in the definition: ? Realism is a soft interpretation of the real world, peace, emotional theory of art, is about the &quot;soft reality&quot; of the doctrine, rather than the soft &quot;realism.&quot; Is the Chinese art of political ideology, beyond criticism, but also to Western art criticism since the twentieth century way of thinking beyond the specific is the mainstream of Chinese art of revolutionary realism and contemporary art beyond the critical realism . Soft Realism unique spiritual essence, the core idea is &quot;not critical&quot;, &quot;does not mean.&quot; The &quot;no compromise&quot;, &quot;no escape&quot; is the spirit of supporting soft realistic character. Soft realistic practice unique line, the core mode is &quot;after softening the integration.&quot; To soften the common character to soften the material of the People, in order to soften the material and spiritual, is the practice of soft realistic art program. Soft realistic expression of art is &quot;normal and abnormal expression of&quot; to abandon &quot;a very normal state of expression.&quot; Realism is the ideal soft art of softening ideology. Let arts transcend political, religious, national, ethnic and other ideologies, identity of all mankind, peace, equality and ecological way of communication. ? Three pairs of soft realistic interpretation of a dictionary entry ? Is clear from the theory of soft realism in the &quot;soft power&quot; as the international name before the general premise, combined with the reality of Chinese contemporary arts, native to China the prevalence of &quot;revolutionary realism&quot; and &quot;realistic evaluation&quot; to distinguish and beyond. Soft Realism in its wisdom and unique full tolerance &quot;not critical&quot; calls for &quot;revolutionary mass criticism&quot; and &quot;post-modern mass criticism&quot; ills that &quot;no criticism is not critical&quot;, not contempt for you, nor is it ignore you, but respect each other, and the two established &quot;critical&quot; theory of art based on the winning margin. Soft Realism as an art theory, also proposed nature with insight &quot;does not mean&quot; concept, the &quot;human culture, especially in the arts neither good nor bad&quot; point of view, its &quot;cultural evolution&quot; of the challenges, the &quot; labeling, &quot;&quot; pull circle &quot;of the opposition, are reflected as an independent and self-confidence there eastern original value of art theory. Through the soft realism &quot;no compromise&quot; and &quot;escape&quot; the second concept of re-interpretation and understanding, and to construct their own unique spiritual character, that is: no escape, no escape ideal; neither to the external pressures of society and obstacles to compromise, nor to their inner desires and the weak compromise; not compromise on the basis of follow nature, comply with the property, conform to human nature, comply with the artistic. The practice of soft realism line is &quot;soften integration&quot; and its Programme of artistic practice is &quot;common personality softening to soften the material of the People, in order to soften the material and spiritual.&quot; This reflects its &quot;collectivism,&quot; &quot;humanism,&quot; &quot;materialism&quot; and so very different from the ideal to pursue. Realistic soft soft expression of realistic art is &quot;normal and abnormal expression of&quot; to abandon &quot;a very normal state of expression.&quot; This not only provides the content of art - the norm, also proposed a means of artistic creation - is state of expression, to get rid of mediocre art, and that the operational mode of the path. Soft realistic vision of &quot;softening of art ideology.&quot; Let arts transcend political, religious, national, ethnic and other ideologies, identity of all mankind, peace, equality and ecological way of communication. This reflects the &quot;soft realism&quot; build a holistic philosophy of art work. ? Second, the theoretical construct of soft realism ? ? Named after the soft realism, under the auspices of the Tan-day, art theorist and art practitioners are in the &quot;soft realism&quot; of this proposition rapidly pooled in the next two years to a continuous in-depth theoretical of creative works, publications, teaching practices. Starting from November 2007, the soft team through unremitting realism of the theory, practice and exploration, and five layers of advancing gradually in-depth discussion of the core, has published six &quot;soft realism&quot; White Paper (Episode divided into up and down 2), and gradually build from the core theory of soft realism. Soft Realism articles and works of art in the country more than 20 kinds of journals published in the national art world, the design world, poetry circles as compelling a proposition, even as &quot;Guangdong phenomena&quot; as the national attention. ? A soft real critic team ? Tam led, including Mr Chan, Wu Ru, Wei Xiangqi art theory, including critics have formed into a young and dynamic team criticism by &quot;soft realism and painting&quot; (Tam), &quot;soft realism&quot; soft &quot;in Where &quot;(Mr Chan),&quot; to avoid the alienation of the art of thinking &quot;(Wu Ru),&quot; is a responsibility not to compromise &quot;(Wei Xiangqi) and other writings, the concept of this theory and logic of the development of filling. Guangzhou University of Foreign Studies, Professor of Literature and Art, Library Deputy Director Wu Fangfei through &quot;soft realism and postmodernism,&quot; &quot;soft contemporary realism&quot; of such article, on the soft realism and postmodernism were compared for &quot;soft realism&quot; theory of the construction of a theoretical border clearance. Associate Professor of Renmin University of China, a visiting scholar at the University of Freiburg, Germany Jun through the summer to the article &quot;Soft is a palpable feeling of life&quot; and the monograph &quot;soft realism and I like painting,&quot; &quot;light&quot; and so on, combined with Roach, and Zheng-Rong Zhao The painting, on the soft realism of the current meaning of easel painting in-depth research. Analysis of soft realism and postmodernism and the association of Chinese classical philosophy and the new release. White Paper editing soft realism to the Episode, as widely attended, had divided into upper and lower set, about 20 participants from all over the art critics and art practitioners are writing articles for the publication, to participate in Theory Construction years, including &quot;Death of a gift - for metaphysical realism on the soft thinking&quot; (Wang Hai Temple), &quot;suffering survival Aesthetic and Aesthetic addiction&quot; (Charles Chang-ping), &quot;to&quot; no &quot;View&quot; with &quot;- On the artistic value of soft realism &quot;(Hu Chuanji),&quot; Art as reality &quot;(Dream is not),&quot; soft realism may provide the value of contemporary human way, &quot;Li Ping,&quot; from the &quot;85 New Wave&quot; When talking about - on the soft realism meaning and possibility &quot;(Sea Temple),&quot; soft aesthetic pursuit of realism and discourse strategy &quot;(Lu Tianyu),&quot; Berthelot a &quot;soft&quot; life &quot;(Zhang Jinpeng),&quot; soft realism City &quot;(Chen Wanli ), etc., is akin to. Luan, Guangzhou University of Foreign Studies, Professor Dong&#39;s theory on the construction of soft realism were enthusiastic response. Luan buildings in ancient Chinese literature at the same time, French Language and Literature, Comparative Literature and World Literature, Comparative Culture and other subjects as PhD supervisor and academic leaders, he was involved in the soft realism Episode of &quot;does not mean&quot; discussion and wrote &quot;of charity -&quot; soft &quot;Art of the&quot; article, the soft realistic &quot;and not&quot;, especially &quot;does not mean&quot; concept in-depth interpretation of his time out in Chinese and foreign literary and artistic history of the &quot;soft&quot; arts example, for soft realism &quot;of charity&quot; give certain quality, and noted that: ? We hope that the soft realism of artists and not deadlocked and the reality of soft, do not stalemate in the doctrine, the soft subtlety cooked, soft and subtle, soft and Qiongtong change for a long time. Goodness from the positive effect of point of view, soft real artistic shows us peace of mind, bursting out with quiet strokes, the disclosure of a pursuit beyond the stalemate, which is a very enviable artistic behavior. ? Two groups of soft realism artists ? Which involved construction of soft realism artists are: Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts painter Zheng-Rong Zhao, associate professor of the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts, oil painting Roach, South China University of Technology School of Architecture teachers, painters Taoqiao Li, Guangzhou Academy of Fine artists often Huang Shi, a poet Tan Chang, Dean of Guangdong, essayist Bear Education Group and so on. Published an article &quot;soft realism road&quot; (Zheng-Rong Zhao), &quot;on the soft realism&quot; (Roach), &quot;is a desire not critical&quot; (Roach), &quot;the passage of soft realism&quot; (Taoqiao Li), &quot; soft, the poet &quot;(Tan Chang),&quot; Soft Soft Realism and Reality &quot;(Bear Yu-chun) and so on. Tam himself, &quot;oil painting landscape&quot; of the advocates and practitioners, through its &quot;micro-away&quot; and &quot;Tigers&quot; of oil painting, and &quot;TRW&quot;, &quot;charge and&quot; exhibition of the works, the first in the field of art practice offer as an example. Soft Realism artists through creative practice, constantly creating, with their own thinking and the plight of a rich and challenging the soft realism of this new theory of art. 3 Soft Realism Theory Construction open ? ?Tam on the soft realism of theoretical structure with a clear understanding of the uniqueness of his &quot;new kind of art theory construction may be&quot; the article pointed out: Soft Realism is an anti-theory theory aside, is the follow-up study of Mao&#39;s thinking art; soft realism is the practice of theory construction and artists together in the model simultaneously, soft realism among the artists included in theory construction, and theory arts practitioners who are themselves involved in theoretical construction of artists starting from the art, put forward their own insights, enrich and expand the theory of soft realism and practicality; the same time, the soft realistic theoretical construction to invite experts in subject areas (including literature, philosophy, sociology) to participate, through continuous dialogue with the ideological impact, and then face the same theoretical proposition, respectively, from their point of writing articles, co-construct a theory of art, which is a more focused, collective create mode. The impact by the construction mode, the text presents the theory of soft real fundamental changes in the way, the soft realism of the theory of text divided into several themes, for different topics and invite experts to discuss, 对话 the process, rendering the ideological confrontation presents a vibrant and dynamic. After each dialogue, please write an article in the respective experts, so that dialogue can not only complement the deficiency, but also new ideas on the subject. Dialogic theory presents a way that reflects a kind of angry at the same time is a modern interpretation of traditional theory, philosophers, who are in a dialogue to explain his own philosophy, such as China&#39;s &quot;Analects&quot;, the West&#39;s &quot;Utopia&quot; . The result that the theory of soft realism text takes on a position, in the text includes discussion of theorists, artists, reflections, or declaration, poetry, breaking past the sermons and rigid theory. ? Construction of soft realism, full use of modern communications theory spread way to compile and record the dialogue, after editing, the privately published &quot;soft realism&quot; White Paper, has been compiled to the fifth series. Networking blog, collect feedback, and readers in real time exchanges. Paper reproduced in the media is soft Realism is one important way of communication, according to incomplete statistics, there are more than 20 kinds of domestic and foreign literature and art magazines reprinted the article on the soft realism and works. ? Third, the value of soft-Realism ? A soft-realist theory is rooted in Eastern philosophy, with the native, original features ? Soft realism that is not criticism is based on the basis of traditional Chinese philosophy, including Taoism&#39;s &quot;Doing Nothing&quot;, &quot;Doing Nothing,&quot; Confucian &quot;golden mean&quot; and Buddhism &quot;with and for your . &quot; &quot;Soft&quot; is in fact a core of Chinese culture is Confucianism&#39;s &quot;benevolence&quot;, the Taoist &quot;no action&quot;, and the Buddhist&#39;s &quot;good&quot; these core concept in Chinese culture. Made of soft realism &quot;Doing Nothing&quot;, &quot;Doing Nothing.&quot; Other people use criticism to achieve, equality, freedom, harmony, etc., is not really criticism also can be done through the construction of individual freedom, if not with their aggressive, without prejudice to the freedom of others, not for others , its powerful developed. If each person to do that the world can be harmonious. Instead everyone is thinking to a more profound criticism, you have to criticize me, I have criticized you. Whether national, religious, national or personal, in this mutual criticism hurt. ? 2 Soft Realism and Western modernism and postmodernism dialogue ? Soft realistic view, he was just a large number of artistic types, there are a lot of the world kind of art, art and other soft realism is not contradictory. Made of soft realism also do not want to replace those critical art. Criticism has its strengths, not criticism and some not critical strengths, can not replace each other. No matter what state we are in, are not necessarily better than others, or valuable than others. This center is of no value judgments. Today the development of contemporary art, critical art become a habitual pattern, this pattern has been caught in a sense, nothing to say of the situation, so there is art on the death of Duchamp said that the new primitivism is turn the page of a new art environment. Realism is the significance of the soft one. Not critical should be said that the Chinese culture, a sense of confidence, the soft realistic art is built on this foundation. China should have a great power mentality. Attitude should be open, any foreign culture is natural for China to integrate. ? 3 soft growth of Realism ? Soft Realism in the development of two short years, the theoretical branch has been extended to many fields and shows the art of soft realism in all areas of adaptability, and the growth of the theory itself. Theory of new branches, including: The discussion on &quot;soft&quot; perceptions of soft realism &quot;of water form&quot;, &quot;fire form&quot;, &quot;light&quot; and so on; in easel painting in the field of summer can be ruler of the monograph, &quot;I like the painting&quot;; in the fate of school&#39;s study paper, &quot;Roach and Zheng-Rong Zhao ---- encounter the possibility of soft realism painting&quot;; in the field of poetry Tan Chang&#39;s &quot;soft, the poet&quot; to &quot;In Search of anger&quot; and &quot;transplant pain&quot; of the question ; in the field of art and design Wanli Chen&#39;s &quot;soft structure&quot; concepts, including &quot;construction of the suspension,&quot; &quot;similar to tribesmen on both sides of the design,&quot; &quot;can be adjusted according to the dynamic nature of construction,&quot; &quot;soft bridge&quot;, the &quot;soft city &quot;and so on. Practical Development include: the &quot;soft painting&quot;, the embodied in Zheng-Rong Zhao&#39;s &quot;suffering prison Figure&quot; and Roach&#39;s &quot;suffering of the escape plan&quot;, and Tao Qiaoli Perspectives from the lives of women in micro-experience, and often painting the world yellow flowing and Growth of soft quality. In the &quot;soft poetry&quot;, the more reflected in the women&#39;s poetry, love poems, poems, and Zhen Dao ecological poetry and other fields. In the &quot;soft novels&quot;, including news stories, stream of consciousness novels and cross-fiction could become an example. In the &quot;soft criticism&quot;, some articles, &quot;Call of tan-style criticism&quot;, called for reconstruction of critical character, build Wenge on and so on and so on personality, spirit of sacrifice and idealism have criticized the ideal. In the &quot;soft sculpture&quot;, the advocacy sculpture materials development, to take, including weaving, winding, stacked, floating, adhesion and other means to carry out a variety of ways, including creation, focusing on sculpture&#39;s form is not completed and continue the growth of. In the &quot;soft urban design&quot;, the promotion of the establishment of ecological type, suitable for living, open city. ? Present to speak against China 4 ? Soft realism, that &quot;to return to the context of soft realism&quot; can not unrealistic, but also to &quot;soften&quot; the hard, dead reality. Bear education group that &quot;real life is often more than the wonderful imagination of writers. Writers face a very complex reality, imagination is very weak. Many incredible things happening around us every day.&quot; Guer soft realism and reality through the reconstruction of human relations, close to China&#39;s current artistic creation and criticism of the site, in the real context for its construction. ? 5 Construction of an open ? Soft realistic model of open theoretical construct, not only embodied in the theory of the growth of their own, non-stop to absorb more art theory and art elements; also reflected in the way of theory building open, non-stop to absorb more of the artists and theory home; even more apparent in the art construction and artistic practice presents challenges with each other, complement each other, promote each other and confirm each other&#39;s positive development pattern. ? 6 demonstrate the potential of Philosophy of Art ? Soft Realism articles and works of art published extensively in English and Chinese at home and abroad, according to incomplete statistics, with about 30 of the 20 kinds of art journals, more than 20 times more than 10 kinds of newspapers, including People&#39;s Network, Baidu Wikipedia, Sina, Ya Chang and other major sites, including both home and abroad to promote key length is too soft Realism and his works. To the author&#39;s day, through the Google engine, the &quot;soft realism&quot; as a result of the Chinese search has reached 652,000 articles, and the search for its English name &quot;Soften Realism&quot; article can get 1,720,000 results. Soft Realism as a philosophy deeply rooted in traditional Chinese and Oriental wisdom school of art, now has his own philosophy (of traditional Chinese philosophy and Eastern wisdom), continuous publications (&quot;soft realism&quot; white paper), a group of artists (Roach, Zheng-Rong Zhao, etc.), a group of representative works (painting, poetry, design), continuing the artistic style (Taoqiao Li, Huang and others, the world often works) and other factors, named for its art exhibitions are also planned among the &quot;soft realism school&quot; education system first emerged. Through a large number of theoretical participants and practitioners together to promote the arts, the soft realistic theory construction reflect a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, cross-art development features. Soft Realism has a unique view of the world - &quot;The world is consciousness and the material wound&quot;, its own methodology, &quot;Art soften reality&quot;, in art practice, &quot;the expression of normal and abnormal&quot; in the field of art practice and art criticism have substantial adaptability. Have continued to develop into a philosophy of art potential. ? Of course, the soft realism put forward, it, time is not short, the accumulation theory solid enough, nor to the conclusion of the academic sort, there are many key issues being written and discussed. Soft Realism is an open system, in its growth process, looking forward to more theorists, artists, support, participation and criticism, or even that the soft realism of its readers have reason to cherish the participation of certain expectations. ? ?
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