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SNIPER Bulletin - July 2009

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                 Searchable Networked Intellectual Property Electronic Resource




        SNIPER
               BULLETIN
                               July 2009




Note: Due to copyright requirements, IP Australia Library is unable to directly
supply copies of these articles to readers outside IP Australia. Please contact your
local library to obtain copies of these articles by interlibrary loan.
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                  Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00964
Author: Ollier, Peter
Title: ACTA gives hope to trade mark owners
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 44-112.
Summary: Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) -- extreme secrecy around negotiations -
- likely inclusions -- results of Managing Intellectual Property's IP survey 2008 -- ranking of firms in
over 70 countries -- Americas -- Asia -- Europe -- Middle East and Africa.
Subject: Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
Subject: Intellectual property industry--statistics
Subject: Trade mark attorneys--statistics


SNIPER No.: 2009/01277
Author: Kimura, Shin'ichi
Title: An action for new trial in a Japanese patent-infringement action
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 3, March 2009, pp. 39-40.
Summary: New trial unusual in patent infringement cases in Japan -- Tokyo District Court -- IP
High Court -- invalidation trials -- alleged infringer entitled to new trial -- patent validity can be
tested by judicial court as well as Patent Office
Subject: Patent litigation--Japan
Subject: Patent validity--case law--Japan


SNIPER No.: 2009/01274
Author: Dutra, Tony
Title: AIPLA panel urges rethinking of litigation strategies in economic downturn
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 3, March 2009, pp. 32-33.
Summary: American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA) meeting -- patent infringement
cases -- litigants more cost-conscious -- variations by industry -- cost-benefit analysis -- settlement
tree -- decision tree analysis -- early settlement considerations -- eBay Inc v MercExchange LLC --
injunctive relief -- patent licensing companies -- damages
Subject: Patent litigation--costs--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/00922
Author: Wang, Zhengfa
Title: Alienation of well-known marks and regulation thereof
Source: China Patents and Trademarks. Vol. 96 No. 1, January 2009, pp. 77-79.
Summary: Abuse of well-known mark status by Chinese manufacturers within China -- problems
with Chinese protocols for establishing well-known mark status -- need for changes to Chinese
well-known mark laws.
Subject: Famous trade marks--law and legislation--China
Subject: Intellectual property abuse--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01149
Author: Leka, Renata
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Albania
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 35-37.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Albania – legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Albania




                                            Page 2
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01150
Author: Cizek, Alexander
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Austria
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 39-41.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Austria -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Austria


SNIPER No.: 2009/01151
Author: Khawaja, Sabuktageen Zahoor
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Bahrain
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 43-45.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Bahrain -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Bahrain


SNIPER No.: 2009/01152
Author: Puts, Louis and Barbara Ooms
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Belgium
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 47-49.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Belgium -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Belgium


SNIPER No.: 2009/01153
Author: Maric, Branko and Anisa Strujic-Tomic
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 51-53.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Bosnia and Herzegovina -- legal framework -- border
measures -- criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative
measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Bosnia and Herzegovina


SNIPER No.: 2009/01154
Author: Rowden, Cynthia and Megan Langley Grainger
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 55-57.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Canada -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Canada


SNIPER No.: 2009/01155
Author: Marinovic, Antonio and E. M. O'Loughlin
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Chile
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 59-61.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Chile -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Chile




                                           Page 3
SNIPER Bulletin                                                             Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01156
Author: Li, Grace W.
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: China
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 63-65.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- China -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01157
Author: Ferrero, Emilio and Felipe Serrano
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Colombia
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 67-69.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Colombia -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Colombia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01158
Author: Holy, Martin and Jakub Vyplel
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Czech Republic
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 71-73.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Czech Republic -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Czech Republic


SNIPER No.: 2009/01159
Author: Tobar, Bernardo and Alfonso Rivera
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Ecuador
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 75-77.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Ecuador -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Ecuador


SNIPER No.: 2009/01160
Author: Al-Ali, Nermien and Robert Mihail
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Egypt
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 79-81.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Egypt -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Egypt


SNIPER No.: 2009/01147
Author: Casalonga, Caroline and Karina Dimidjian-Lecomte
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: European Union
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 27-29.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Europe -- legal framework -- applications for EU customs
actions -- national customs actions -- actions by rightsowners -- infringement proceedings --
preliminary measures -- remedies -- release of products.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Europe




                                         Page 4
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01161
Author: Rechardt, Lauri
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Finland
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 83-85.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Finland -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Finland


SNIPER No.: 2009/01162
Author: Casalonga, Caroline
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: France
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 87-89.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- France -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--France


SNIPER No.: 2009/01163
Author: Hartwig, Henning
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Germany
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 91-93.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Germany -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Germany


SNIPER No.: 2009/01164
Author: Ballas, George A., George Ch Moukas and Pepy I. Ioakimides
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Greece
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 95-97.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Greece -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Greece


SNIPER No.: 2009/01143
Author: Barchiesi, Bob and Travis Johnson
Title: Anti-counterfeiting in the United States: 2008 in review
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 11-12.
Summary: Anti-counterfeiting -- United States -- Prioritizing Resources and Organization for
Intellectual Property Act (PRO-IP) -- new state anti-counterfeiting laws in Virginia and Florida --
need for collaborative approaches to combat counterfeiting -- public education and awareness
campaigns -- Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) negotiations -- International Anti-
counterfeiting Coalition (IACC)
Subject: Counterfeiting--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01165
Author: Anand, Pravin
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: India
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 99-101.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- India -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--India



                                           Page 5
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01166
Author: McGuire, Brett
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Indonesia
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 103-105.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Indonesia -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Indonesia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01167
Author: Johnson, Helen
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Ireland
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 107-109.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Ireland -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Ireland


SNIPER No.: 2009/01168
Author: Galli, Cesare
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Italy
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 111-113.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Italy -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Italy


SNIPER No.: 2009/01169
Author: Wood, Joanne, Jermaine Spence and Roxanne Miller
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Jamaica
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 115-117.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Jamaica -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Jamaica


SNIPER No.: 2009/01170
Author: Kanematsu, Yuriko, : Osamu Iwanami, and Koichi Nakatani,
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Japan
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 119-121.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Japan -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Japan


SNIPER No.: 2009/01171
Author: Al Heyari, Fatima
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Jordan
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 123-125.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Jordan -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Jordan




                                           Page 6
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01173
Author: Bolotov, Yuri A. and Saule D. Kulzhambekova
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Kazakhstan
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 127-129.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Kazakhstan -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Kazakhstan


SNIPER No.: 2009/01173
Author: Nasser, Walid and Pierre El Khoury
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Lebanon
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 131-133.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Lebanon -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Lebanon


SNIPER No.: 2009/01174
Author: Arendt, Guy, Véronique Hoffeld and Marie-Laure Carat
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Luxembourg
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 135-137.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Luxembourg -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Luxembourg


SNIPER No.: 2009/01175
Author: Santiago, José Ignacio de
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Mexico
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 139-141.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Mexico -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Mexico


SNIPER No.: 2009/01176
Author: Aksiman, El Mostafa
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Morocco
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 143-145.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Morocco -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Morocco


SNIPER No.: 2009/01177
Author: Berendschot, Huib and Peter Claassen
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Netherlands
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 147-149.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Netherlands -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Netherlands




                                           Page 7
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01178
Author: Broadley, Damian and, Michelle van de Wetering
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: New Zealand
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 151-153.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- New Zealand -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--New Zealand


SNIPER No.: 2009/01179
Author: Khan, M. Farrukh Irfan
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Pakistan
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 155-157.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Pakistan -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Pakistan


SNIPER No.: 2009/01180
Author: Almada, Miguel
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Paraguay
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 159-161.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Paraguay -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Paraguay


SNIPER No.: 2009/01181
Author: Krakowiak, Bartosz and Slawomir Mazur
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Poland
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 163-165.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Poland -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Poland


SNIPER No.: 2009/01182
Author: Shafiq, Essam
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Qatar
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 167-169.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Qatar -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Qatar


SNIPER No.: 2009/01183
Author: Vilau, Dragos M.
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Romania
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 171-173.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Romania -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Romania




                                           Page 8
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01184
Author: Khan, M. Salman
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Saudi Arabia
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 175-177.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Saudi Arabia -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Saudi Arabia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01185
Author: Khader, Mohamed and Owen H. Dean
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: South Africa
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 179-181.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- South Africa -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--South Africa


SNIPER No.: 2009/01148
Author: Meiring, Wayne
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Sub-Saharan Africa
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 31-33.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Nigeria -- National Agency for Food and Drug
Administration and Control (NAFDAC) actions -- civil remedies -- criminal remedies -- customs --
Uganda -- Trademarks Act -- Penal Code Act -- Kenya.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Nigeria
Subject: Counterfeiting--Uganda
Subject: Counterfeiting--Kenya


SNIPER No.: 2009/01186
Author: Blumenthal, Corsin and Stefan Day
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Switzerland
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 183-185.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Switzerland -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Switzerland


SNIPER No.: 2009/01187
Author: Sachdecha, Satyapon
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Thailand
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 187-189.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Thailand -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Thailand


SNIPER No.: 2009/01188
Author: Aktekin, Uğur and Baris Kalayci
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Turkey
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 191-193.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Turkey -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Turkey



                                           Page 9
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01189
Author: Pakharenko, Alexander, Natalia MacMaithghon, and John Anderson
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Ukraine
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 195-197.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Ukraine -- legal framework -- border measures -- criminal
prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Ukraine


SNIPER No.: 2009/01190
Author: Manto, Sarmad Hasan
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: United Arab Emirates
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 199-201.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- United Arab Emirates -- legal framework -- border
measures -- criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative
measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--United Arab Emirates


SNIPER No.: 2009/01191
Author: Chen, Sofia and Ewan Grist
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: United Kingdom
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 203-205.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- United Kingdom -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/01192
Author: Elings, G. Roxanne and Scott Gelin
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: United States
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 207-209.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- United States -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01193
Author: Rodríguez, Manuel Antonio and Ricardo Alberto Antequera
Title: Anti-counterfeiting: Venezuela
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 211-213.
Summary: Counterfeiting prevention -- Venezuela -- legal framework -- border measures --
criminal prosecution -- civil enforcement -- anti-counterfeiting online -- preventative measures.
Subject: Counterfeiting--Venezuela


SNIPER No.: 2009/01114
Author: Moser, David J.
Title: Baidu to Yahoo: search engine liability for copyright infringement in China
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 21-23.
Summary: Illegal music downloading in China -- deep links to illegal music files in search engines
-- liability of Baidu and Yahoo China search engines -- Shanghai Busheng Music Culture Media v.
Baidu -- International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) v. Baidu -- International
Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) v. Yahoo China.
Subject: Electronic copyright--culture and entertainment industry--China
Subject: Electronic copyright--case law--China

                                          Page 10
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

Subject: Internet--case law--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01230
Author: Liu, Rong
Title: Baixiang v. Baijia: a seesaw battle of intellectual property
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 45-49.
Summary: Intellectual property disputes between Henan Zhenglong Food Co. Ltd. (Baixiang) and
Sichuan Baijia Food Co. Ltd. (Baijia) -- production of instant rice noodles -- background to the
cases -- administrative proceeding over design patent -- patent infringement lawsuits -- invalidation
of design patent -- two trade mark infringement suits -- ongoing general media mudslinging --
misunderstanding of relevant laws led to lawsuits.
Subject: Intellectual property litigation--manufacturing and processing industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01115
Author: Collopy, Dennis
Title: Barriers to harmony: divergent approaches to copyright law and collective copyright
management
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 25-31.
Summary: Different approaches to copyright management in different jurisdictions -- differences
between copyright systems -- Europe -- United Kingdom -- United States -- copyright as a tool for
managing US corporate interests -- copyright as a tool for protecting authors' rights -- differences in
collective management of copyright -- collective management societies -- Central European
Licensing (CEL) -- authors' rights versus publishers' rights.
Subject: Copyright licensing societies
Subject: Copyright--management


SNIPER No.: 2009/01065
Author: Wild, Joff, Nancy Lapidus, Håkan Borgenhäll, Nick Baker, Catherine J. Holland, Katarina
Strömholm and Eric Fingerhut
Title: Best brand practices
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 47-55.
Summary: Roundtable discussion on brand creation and management -- when should trade mark
specialists become involved in brand creation process -- priority issues to be considered --
effective ways for trade mark specialists to engage with marketing areas -- use of outside counsel -
- considerations for trade mark registration -- ensuring proper trade mark use -- other IP rights for
use in brand building -- online issues -- use of infringement litigation -- future issues.
Subject: Brand management


SNIPER No.: 2009/00943
Author: Farmer-Koppenol, Pauline
Title: "Best mode" helps Chinese companies win 337 investigation case
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 99-103.
Summary: Investigations by United States International Trade Commission -- differences from
standard patent infringement suits -- application of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as
amended -- Commission Investigation in the Matter of Certain L-Lysine Feed Products, their
Methods of Production and Genetic Constructs for Production -- facts of the case -- initial
determination -- conclusion of the investigation -- importance of meeting "best mode" requirement.
Subject: International trade--case law--United States
Subject: Patent infringement--case law--United States




                                          Page 11
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01202
Author: Sherrill, Henry K.
Title: Brazil court holds shopping centre administrator liable for counterfeiting
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 22-23.
Summary: Shopping centre administrator liable of counterfeiting due to benefits received from
relationship with retailers -- arms'-length contracts with store owners not sufficient to deny
responsibility.
Subject: Counterfeiting--case law--Brazil
Subject: Counterfeiting--retail industry--Brazil
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--Brazil


SNIPER No.: 2009/00967
Author: Qu, Janice
Title: Bus company drives off with design
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 6-7.
Summary: Design infringement -- China -- infringement found in Starliner bus case (Neoplan v.
Zhongwei Bus and Coach Group and Zonda Industrial Group) -- Fiat v. Great Wall Motor Company
(Panda car case) -- other car infringement cases -- Lego v. Kegao (Lego brick case) -- Ferrero v.
Montesor (Ferrero Rocher case) -- design patents in China not examined -- proof of independent
creation of trade dress.
Subject: Industrial design infringement--case law--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01070
Author: Negi, Ritushka
Title: Business method and software patent trends in India
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 102-104.
Summary: Software patents and business method patents -- India -- patentability requirements --
Indian Patent Office practice -- possibilities for further reform.
Subject: Computer-related inventions--India
Subject: Business methods--India


SNIPER No.: 2009/01207
Author: Batho, John and Lisa Power
Title: Canada still at the crossroads
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 40-47.
Summary: Canadian trade mark system -- reform occurring, but slowly -- enforcement system is
erratic -- procedural issues in making damages claims -- famous marks and dilution -- parallel
imports -- Canada not a Madrid Protocol signatory -- changes to Canadian Intellectual Property
Office (CIPO) practice -- need for additional funding for CIPO -- CIPO's trade mark functions -- key
trade marks and owners in Canada.
Subject: Canadian Intellectual Property Office
Subject: Trade mark systems--Canada
Subject: Intellectual property offices--Canada




                                         Page 12
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01225
Author: Mongomerie, Philippa
Title: Case comment: Enlarged Board of Appeal in WARF decision
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 4-7.
Summary: Patentability of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) -- Europe -- Wisconsin Alumni
Research Foundation (WARF) case -- morality debate -- stem cells used in therapy -- history of
European morality cases -- European Patent Office (EPO) rejection of WARF European patent
application -- Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBO) decision -- are all hESCs unpatentable.
Subject: Patenting of life forms--case law--Europe
Subject: Biotechnology--patentability--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/00972
Author: Hoffman, Steven J. and W. Drew Kastner
Title: Cash in your unused brands
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 31-35.
Summary: Using brand licensing to create income in the technology industry -- advantages -- best
practice -- steps for success -- case studies -- significant revenue raiser if done well.
Subject: Trade mark licensing--information technology industry


SNIPER No.: 2009/01122
Author: Wynn, Kathryn
Title: Caveat vendor: selling a business without damaging your brand
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 23-25.
Summary: Selling non-core business operations without causing brand damage -- definition of a
brand -- identification of assets to be sold -- importance of brands to the deal -- deciding which
brands to retain -- risks to brands from dual use or ownership -- brand licensing, assignment and
co-existence -- competition implications -- transitional arrangements -- multi-jurisdictional issues.
Subject: Intellectual property assignment
Subject: Business


SNIPER No.: 2009/01130
Title: CERN and innovation: the heart of the matter
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 6, December 2008, pp. 10-14.
Summary: CERN approaches to technology transfer and intellectual property -- open science
model favoured -- technical symbiosis with industry -- CERN's patent portfolio -- creation of a
patent culture -- IP rights in commercial partnerships -- spin-off technologies -- information
production at CERN -- Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
Subject: European Organization for Nuclear Research
Subject: Patents
Subject: Technology transfer


SNIPER No.: 2009/01087
Author: Schmidt, Luis C.
Title: The changing face of copyright
Source: Copyright World. No. 190, May 2009, p. 34.
Summary: Purpose of copyright law -- balance between creator and society -- Statute of Anne --
introduced trade regulation -- public domain -- new technology and empowerment of society.
Subject: Copyright--law and legislation
Subject: Copyright--history




                                          Page 13
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                  Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01270
Author: Yu, Jianyang
Title: China amends its Patent Law for the third time
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 25-27.
Summary: Third Amendment to the Patent Law (China) -- enhancing creation capability --
strengthening the protection of patent rights -- requiring absolute novelty -- narrowing scope of
design patent -- allowing prior art defence -- increased statutory damages -- increased fines for
passing off -- "offering to sell" added to design rights -- pre-litigation preservation of evidence --
joint ownership -- transfer of patent rights -- changes to country-of-first-filing rule for Chinese
inventions -- disclosure of genetic resources -- exemptions to patent infringement liability -- parallel
importation -- Bolar exemption -- compulsory licences
Subject: Patents--law and legislation--China
Subject: Industrial designs--law and legislation--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00933
Author: Yang, Harry
Title: China's intellectual property "changes" in 2008
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 19-21.
Summary: Reform of Chinese intellectual property system -- reshuffle of State Council IP organs -
- promulgation of the Outline of the National Intellectual Property Strategy -- implementation of
Anti-Monopoly Law -- Tomato Garden Windows XP case and Microsoft user verification (black
screen) program -- Shanzai copycat culture -- collective action on copyright -- Olympic IP
protection -- Patent Law revision.
Subject: Intellectual property systems--China
Subject: Intellectual property--trends--China
Subject: Intellectual property law--reform--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01276
Author: Si, Weijiang
Title: Chinese court issues large damages award: is this a trend?
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 3, March 2009, p. 38.
Summary: CHINT Group Ltd -- utility model patent -- alleged infringement by Schneider Electric
Low Voltage (Tianjin) Co Ltd -- judgement in first instance court -- huge damages award -- Patent
Law of the People's Republic of China -- calculation of damages
Subject: Damages--case law--China
Subject: Patent infringement--case law--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00921
Author: Hu, Gang
Title: Chinese court's determination and protection of three-dimensional marks
Source: China Patents and Trademarks. Vol. 96 No. 1, January 2009, pp. 69-74.
Summary: Registrability of three-dimensional marks -- China -- Ferrero S.P.A.'s case -- Zippo
Company's case -- registrability of different types of shapes -- originality and intrinsic distinctive
character -- burden of proof of distinctive character.
Subject: Shape marks--registrability--China
Subject: Shape marks--case law--China




                                            Page 14
SNIPER Bulletin                                                               Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01090
Author: Tessensohn, John A. and Shūsaku Yamamoto
Title: Chocs away!: the IP High Court of Japan decides 3D trademark seashell chocolates are
inherently distinctive
Source: Trademark World. No. 217, May 2009, pp. 18-19.
Summary: Intellectual Property High Court of Japan (IPHCJ) -- registration of a 3D trade mark
application -- Chocolaterie Guylian v Commissioner of Japan Patent office -- unsuitability for
monopoly -- lack of distinctiveness -- impact of the decision.
Subject: Shape marks--case law--Japan
Subject: Trade mark litigation--Japan


SNIPER No.: 2009/01113
Author: Klosek, Jacqueline, 1972- and Tamar Gubins
Title: Competing interests: combating piracy and protecting privacy
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 17-20.
Summary: Music industry approaches to preventing online piracy -- privacy of internet users --
different approaches in different jurisdictions -- United States -- state laws -- Digital Millennium
Copyright Act (DMCA) -- ex-parte discovery -- Europe -- access to Internet service provider (ISP)
subscriber records -- other jurisdictions -- Japan -- New Zealand -- Australia.
Subject: Electronic copyright--culture and entertainment industry
Subject: Piracy--culture and entertainment industry
Subject: Privacy


SNIPER No.: 2009/00937
Author: Zhou, Yi
Title: Competitor: "intangible" value behind 10 million yuan pledge loan
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 48-50.
Summary: Loan scheme for borrowing against IP rights -- China -- Beijing Competitor Sport
Technology Joint Stock Co. Ltd. pledge loan -- business future prospects against reality of securing
funding -- pledging company "treasures" through IP loans -- intangible value behind IP pledge
loans.
Subject: Business assistance--China
Subject: Small and medium enterprises--funding--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00952
Author: Landry, Réjean, Nabil Amara, and Malek Saihi
Title: Complementarities between strategies to protect inventions and innovations: evidence from
manufacturing SMEs
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 1, 2009, pp. 56-78.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "Tug of war in the field of IP: searching for a
balanced attitude to managing intellectual property", edited by Professor Pia Hurmelinna-
Laukkanen.
Summary: Intellectual property protection -- small and medium enterprises in the manufacturing
sector -- different methods used to protect inventions and technological innovations -- research
strategy -- factors that determine choice of protection strategies -- analysis of research findings.
Subject: Intellectual property management--research
Subject: Innovation (Technological)--research
Subject: Small and medium enterprises--manufacturing and processing industry




                                          Page 15
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00955
Author: Chakraborty, Sagarika and Angira Singhvi
Title: Compulsory licensing for access to medicines in the developing world
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 2, 2009, pp. 110-
126.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "IP, global health, and biomedicine", edited by Dr
Daniel Lorence.
Summary: Using compulsory licensing to ensure access to medicines -- right of access to
affordable medicines in developing countries -- global health issues and intellectual property --
TRIPs Agreement and patentability of medicines -- compulsory licensing under TRIPs -- what can
be done through compulsory licenses -- grounds for granting compulsory licences -- national
compulsory licensing arrangements -- compulsory licensing as a public policy tool -- future of
access to drugs -- interpreting the objectives of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPs Agreement and
Public Health.
Subject: Compulsory licensing--developing countries
Subject: Pharmaceuticals--developing countries


SNIPER No.: 2009/01068
Author: Lang, Johannes
Title: Computer-implemented inventions: the German view
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 93-96.
Summary: Software patents -- Germany -- German and European patent legislation -- Federal
Court of Justice (FCJ) case law -- technical character of an invention -- exclusion of computer
programs per se -- general harmony between FCJ and European Court of Justice (ECJ) decisions.
Subject: Computer-related inventions--patentability--Germany
Subject: Computer-related inventions--case law--Germany


SNIPER No.: 2009/01071
Author: Clarke, Graeme S.
Title: Confidential information and trade secrets: when is a trade secret in the public domain?
Source: Australian Law Journal. Vol. 83 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 242-254.
Summary: Protecting trade secrets that are shared with other parties -- causes of action for
breach of confidence -- equitable nature of breach of confidence claims -- using a breach of
confidence claim to protect trade secrets -- other intellectual property rights -- Maggbury v. Haele
Australia -- Krueger Transport Equipment v. Glen Cameron Storage -- springboarding and reverse
engineering -- EPI Environmental Technologies v. Symphony Plastic -- Polwood v. Foxworth --
when are trade secrets in the public domain.
Subject: Trade secrets--Australia
Subject: Public domain--Australia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01238
Author: Liu, Rong
Title: Continued efforts on judicial IP enforcement: an interview with Kong Xianjun, Deputy Chief
Judge of the Third Division of the Supreme People's Court
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 87-90.
Summary: Intellectual property case litigation -- China -- increasing numbers of intellectual
property cases being filed and heard -- amendments to Civil Procedure Law -- enhancement of IP
protection -- damages awards -- Supreme People's Court strategies for handling IP cases --
prosecution of counterfeiters during economic crisis -- implementation of the Outline of the National
Intellectual Property Strategy (2008) -- well-known trade marks -- anti-trust cases -- Shanzai
products -- likely trends in 2009.
Subject: Kong Xianjun--interviews
Subject: Legal procedure--interviews--China
Subject: Intellectual property litigation--interviews--China

                                          Page 16
SNIPER Bulletin                                                               Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01111
Author: Wenham, Alison
Title: Copyright in the digital age
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 9-10.
Summary: Digital music copyright -- regulating fair return for creative content -- digital challenges
to musical copyright -- Gowers Review recommendations -- proposals to realise the value of music
-- using value recognition to monetise creative content.
Subject: Electronic copyright--culture and entertainment industry
Subject: Musical works


SNIPER No.: 2009/00923
Author: Qiao, Rongde and Nandi Jiang
Title: Copyright protection for Chinese character font in computer
Source: China Patents and Trademarks. Vol. 96 No. 1, January 2009, pp. 84-88.
Summary: Copyright in Chinese character fonts -- review of cases involving Chinese fonts --
copyright protection of fonts as artistic works -- copyrights in computer fonts -- lessons from cases
involving use of fonts.
Subject: Copyright--information technology industry--China
Subject: Artistic works--information technology industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01236
Author: Li, Doris, Gang bai, Qi Hu and Changxu Li
Title: Counterfeiting changes in the eyes of rights defenders
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 74-75.
Summary: Development of counterfeiting industry in China -- more difficult to fight counterfeiting
as industry has evolved -- counterfeiting in the high-tech era.
Subject: Counterfeiting--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01266
Author: Ermert, Monika and Kaitlin Mara
Title: Cracks show in ACTA talks as developed-nation enforcement builds
Source: Intellectual Property Watch. Vol. 6 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 10-11.
Summary: Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) negotiations -- Internet and intermediary
liability issues causing difficulty -- developing nation members dropping out of process -- calls for
more transparency in negotiation process -- US treatment of ACTA as a state secret -- review of
US government transparency, including ACTA.
Subject: Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
Subject: Counterfeiting--treaties
Subject: Trade--treaties


SNIPER No.: 2009/00934
Author: Luo, James
Title: Criminal remedies in enterprises' IP protection: from the perspective of trademark protection
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 30-33.
Summary: Criminal remedies for IP rights infringement -- harm caused by IPR infringement --
legislative criminal sanctions to protect IPR -- trade mark counterfeiting -- strategies for using
criminal IPR protections.
Subject: Infringement remedies--China
Subject: Trade mark infringement--China




                                          Page 17
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                 Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01402
Author: Friedgut, Martin, Julie Simpson, Tom Cordiner and Alan Nash
Title: Current developments: Australia
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 56-78.
Summary: IP Australia news -- decommissioning of Patsearch -- PCT Rule changes and
exchange of patent documents -- amendments to Designs Regulations 2004 -- revisions to Trade
Marks Manual -- amendments to Trade Marks Regulations 1995 -- Federal Court decisions from
Victoria -- Liquideng Farm Supplies Pty Ltd v Liquid Engineering 2003 Pty Ltd -- trade marks --
accounting for costs of salary of infringer -- Futuretronics.com.au Pty Ltd v Graphix Labels Pty Ltd -
- copyright -- adequacy of additional damages in light of need for deterrence -- TS Production LLC
v Drew Pictures Pty Ltd -- simultaneous copyright infringement proceedings in Australia and United
States -- ownership of copyright in films -- Elwood Patents v Sherman -- appeal from patent
opposition -- evidence -- Barrett Property Group Pty Ltd v Metricon Homes Pty Ltd -- copyright
infringement -- Anshun estoppel -- interrogatories -- Nokia Corporation v Liu -- trade mark
infringement -- assessment of damages -- Kardas v Kalliakoudis -- trade mark infringement -- costs
-- LED Technologies Pty Ltd v Elecspess Pty Ltd -- designs infringement -- originality -- Black &
Decker Inc v Sunaone Pty Ltd -- patent and designs infringement claim and costs -- Review 2 Pty
Ltd v Redberry Enterprise Pty Ltd (No. 2) -- Designs -- rejection of compromise offers -- Chanemn
Limited v Donoghue -- trade mark infringement -- Federal Court decision from NSW -- Sebel
Furniture Limited v Acoustic & Felts Pty Ltd -- passing off -- no infringement of shape trade mark --
misleading and deceptive conduct -- Federal Court decision from Queensland -- Uniline Australia
Ltd v SBriggs Pty Ltd -- patent infringement -- claim construction -- consideration of relevant field of
art -- Bing! Software Pty Ltd v Bing Technologies Pty Ltd (No. 1) -- trade marks infringement --
whether substantially similar or deceptively similar -- Food Channel Network Pty Ltd v Television
Food Network, GB -- security for costs of appeal under s 104 Trade Marks Act – Pakula Tackle
Australia Pty Ltd v Zacatak Lures Australia Pty Ltd -- whether infringement of shape trade mark in
fishing lures -- Federal Court Practice Note -- proceedings in Queensland District Registry under
Patents Act 1990.
Subject: Intellectual property—case law--Australia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01194
Author: Stone, David
Title: Design lessons
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 27-29.
Summary: European design registration -- Registered Community Design (RCD) -- MARQUES
Review of the First 400 Decisions on the Validity of Registered Community Designs -- invalidity
statistics -- novelty requirement -- individual character requirement -- overall impression test -- prior
rights -- exceptions to protection -- likely future trends -- ten important cases.
Subject: Industrial design validity--case law--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01201
Author: Musson, Véronique
Title: Dilution landscape in Europe altered by Intel
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 19-20.
Summary: Narrowing of trade mark dilution in Europe -- Intel Corporation Inc. v. CPM United
Kingdom Ltd. -- no automatic dilution for similar marks in different classes of goods -- two notable
Middle East and African trade mark cases -- other significant European trade mark cases.
Subject: Trade mark dilution--case law--Europe
Subject: Trade marks--case law--Europe




                                           Page 18
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                 Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01109
Author: Hartland, Lucy
Title: Discovery and in-house counsel
Source: Australian Intellectual Property Law Bulletin. Vol. 21 No. 10, May 2009, p. 208-209.
Summary: Discovery in patent and other IP litigation -- may involve disclosure of commercially
sensitive confidential information to business competitors -- Courts may allow disclosure to in-
house counsel if insulated from commercial decision making -- not necessarily a barrier if in-house
counsel based in foreign country -- orders may address risks including risks associated with multi
jurisdictional patent litigation.
Subject: Evidence--Australia
Subject: Patent litigation--Australia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01135
Author: Roberts, Gwilym
Title: A division of opinion
Source: CIPA Journal. Vol. 38 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 253-254.
Summary: Changes to European rules for divisional patents -- current regime considered too
liberal -- European Patent Office concerns -- lack of certainty for third parties -- contribution to
already significant patent backlog -- concerns over EPO concerns -- Enlarged Board of Appeal
(EBA) suggestions -- final EPO reform proposal.
Subject: Divisional applications (Patents)--reform--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/00949
Author: Pérez-Luño, Ana
Title: Does knowledge mediate the relationship between the environment and the decision to
innovate or imitate?
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 1, 2009, pp. 6-22.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "Tug of war in the field of IP: searching for a
balanced attitude to managing intellectual property", edited by Professor Pia Hurmelinna-
Laukkanen.
Summary: Decision of firms to innovate or imitate when launching new products -- whether
innovation/imitation decisions are independent of each other or part of a continuum -- knowledge
codifiability and complexity as key competitive behaviours -- business environment, knowledge and
the decision to innovate -- research design -- analysis of research and results -- discussion of
results.
Subject: Innovation (Technological)--research


SNIPER No.: 2009/00832
Author: Poulie, Marieke
Title: Does the shape of the Mini Maglite torch have distinctive character?
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 316-317.
Summary: No inherent distinctive in shape of Maglite torch -- acquired distinctiveness still
possible but evidence required -- Netherlands -- Mag Instrument Inc. v. Volume Trading B.V. --
legal context -- facts of the case -- analysis of the decision -- practical significance.
Subject: Trade mark distinctiveness--case law--Netherlands
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--Netherlands




                                           Page 19
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                    Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01271
Author: Turco, Antonio
Title: Domain name tasting: taste may change, but inclination never does
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 28-32.
Summary: Domain name tasting -- names registered to test their profitability during five-day add
grace period (AGP) -- unprofitable names cancelled during grace period -- variations or
misspellings of well-known trade marks -- domain kiting -- use of grace periods to avoid ever
paying fees -- online advertising -- directing traffic to pay-per-click sites -- disputes and litigation --
Coalition Against Domain Name Abuse (CADNA) -- policies of registrars to reduce tasting --
Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) -- restrictions on cancellations -- auDa -- "close
and substantial connection" rule -- Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
(ICANN) -- transaction fee for deletions during grace period
Subject: Domain name registration


SNIPER No.: 2009/01089
Author: Jauron, Julie
Title: Droplet v. Stiftung: protection of titles under trademark law: the Canadian situation
Source: Trademark World. No. 217, May 2009, pp. 15-17.
Summary: Titles of literary and cinematographic works registered in Canada -- single work titles
not protected under US law -- decision in Federal Court of Canada -- protection of titles now very
similar -- Droplet v Stiftung -- title cannot be registered as a trade mark because it is descriptive --
facts of the case -- key elements of the decision.
Subject: Trade marks--case law--Canada
Subject: Moral rights--culture and entertainment industry--Canada


SNIPER No.: 2009/01119
Author: Valoir, Tamsen and Michael Dai
Title: Effective global intellectual property due diligence
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 7-11.
Summary: Intellectual property due diligence in business deals -- why IP diligence is important --
context and scope of diligence activities -- IP asset list -- confirmation of asset ownership --
infringement and freedom to operate -- IP quality -- IP agreements with people -- IP valuation --
post-closing issues.
Subject: Mergers and takeovers
Subject: Due diligence
Subject: Intellectual property


SNIPER No.: 2009/01072
Author: Roy, Bratin
Title: Employee-inventor compensation
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 4-5.
Summary: First English court award of compensation to employee inventors -- Kelly and Chiu v.
GE Healthcare Ltd. -- background to the case -- patent of outstanding benefit to company --
defining fair share for employee inventors -- analysis of the decision.
Subject: Patent entitlement--case law--United Kingdom




                                             Page 20
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00833
Author: Duckworth, Kate
Title: The end of the essential feature test?
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 317-319.
Summary: Trade mark infringement -- passing-off – misleading and deceptive conduct -- trade
mark invalidity -- trade mark revocation -- New Zealand -- Geneva Marketing Ltd. v. Johnson &
Johnson, Johnson & Johnson (New Zealand) Ltd., and Johnson & Johnson Pacific Pty. Ltd. --
inability of SILK trade mark owner to prevent competitor from using SILK for same goods -- legal
context -- facts of the case -- analysis of the decision -- practical significance.
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--New Zealand
Subject: Trade mark registrability--case law--New Zealand
Subject: Passing-off--case law--New Zealand


SNIPER No.: 2009/00960
Author: Killan, Armand and Jean-Christophe Troussel
Title: Enforcement Directive enhances IP protection
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 120-122.
General Note: Forms part of: Benelux IP Focus (3rd ed.)
Summary: Benelux IP enforcement strategies -- saisie description discovery raids -- civil seizure
of goods -- preliminary injunctions -- damages and remedies -- protective letters -- confidential
information -- contributory infringement -- award of legal costs -- use of specialised patent courts --
anti-counterfeiting measures.
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement--Benelux
Subject: Intellectual property litigation--Benelux


SNIPER No.: 2009/01239
Author: Zhou, Yi
Title: "An enterprise should have its own IP team": an interview with Wang Longxia,
Representative of the National People's Congress (NPC)
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 91-94.
Summary: Intellectual property proposals to Chinese National People's Congress (NPC) --
Original Equipment Manufacture (OEM) trade mark disputes -- border control and customs
responses -- causes and solutions of OEM problems -- infringement of electronic navigation maps -
- effect on industry -- methods of protecting electronic map industry -- IPR work of Supreme
People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate -- status of IP departments in Chinese
businesses.
Subject: Wang Longxia--interviews
Subject: Intellectual property--interviews--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01272
Author: Mirandah, Gladys
Title: Entry into force of Patents (Amendment) Act 2008 in Singapore highlights compulsory
licensing issue in Southeast Asia
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 33-34.
Summary: Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) -- Doha
Declaration -- public health concerns -- Singapore legislation implementing TRIPS measures --
compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals -- Thailand -- India
Subject: Patents--law and legislation--Singapore
Subject: Pharmaceuticals--Singapore




                                           Page 21
SNIPER Bulletin                                                               Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00827
Author: Nettleton, Ewan
Title: EPO's Enlarged Board rules on patenting stem cell inventions
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 306-308.
Summary: Patentability of stem cell inventions -- Europe -- Wisconsin Alumni Research
Foundation's Patent Application/Stem Cells -- legal context -- facts of the case -- analysis of the
decision -- practical significance -- decision has potentially far reaching implications.
Subject: Patenting of life forms--case law--Europe
Subject: Patentability--case law--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01121
Author: MacKernan, Colm
Title: Equine dentition: addressing the problem of ongoing IP disputes in a merger
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 17-21.
Summary: Intellectual property disputes in business mergers -- risk to business acquirer --
evaluating the issues -- odds of success -- consequences of losing -- what to do when risks look
serious.
Subject: Mergers and takeovers
Subject: Intellectual property litigation


SNIPER No.: 2009/01199
Author: Qin, Hongxu, Omar Obeidat, Laurie Emmer and Eva den Ouden
Title: The essential guide to taking on counterfeiters
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 68-75.
Summary: Strategies for managing counterfeit products -- fictional situation -- tips for China
(manufacturing country) -- tips for Dubai (transit country) -- tips for United States and European
Union (sale destinations) -- lessons for brand owners.
Subject: Counterfeiting--management
Subject: Trade mark infringement--management


SNIPER No.: 2009/01273
Author: Fuller, Liz
Title: European Commission's pharmaceutical sector inquiry preliminary report
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 34-36.
Summary: Inquiry into the pharmaceutical sector in Europe -- concern that competition may be
restricted or distorted -- markets for innovative and generic medicines -- complex regulatory system
-- inconsistent implementation and interpretation of EU directives -- centralised procedure
mandatory for certain products -- mutual recognition procedure (MRP) -- decentralised procedure
(DCP) -- data exclusivity -- marketing authorisations -- practices affecting generic entry -- patent
linkage -- mandatory patent linkage approach used in the United States
Subject: Pharmaceutical industry--reviews--Europe
Subject: Competition (Economics)--pharmaceutical industry--Europe




                                          Page 22
SNIPER Bulletin                                                               Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01331
Author: Marinova, Yona
Title: The European Court of Justice on external parallel trade: interpreting the law or constructing
an implied trade mark infringement
Source: Intellectual Property Quarterly. No. 2, 2009, pp. 254-280.
Summary: European Court of Justice's variable legal tolerance to parallel trade -- challenging
court's interpretation of Silhouette, Sebago and Davidoff -- three cases define scope of exhaustion
-- lack any reference to trade mark law considerations.
Subject: Trade mark exhaustion
Subject: Parallel importing
Subject: Trade mark infringement


SNIPER No.: 2009/00953
Author: Lee, Nari
Title: Exclusion and coordination in collaborative innovation and patent law
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 1, 2009, pp. 79-93.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "Tug of war in the field of IP: searching for a
balanced attitude to managing intellectual property", edited by Professor Pia Hurmelinna-
Laukkanen.
Summary: Patent law treatment of joint inventors -- United States -- Japan -- Europe -- patent law
regulation of collaboration -- sharing the outcomes of collaborative ventures -- processes for
coordinating patent sharing.
Subject: Patent ownership--Japan
Subject: Patent ownership--United States
Subject: Patent ownership--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01086
Author: Dillon, Michelle and Carmen Glatt
Title: Exit strategies: closing down contracts with minimal pain
Source: Copyright World. No. 190, May 2009, pp. 22-26.
General Note: Second article in a series of two. See also: 2009/00875
Summary: Legal rights to exit a contract -- contractual termination rights -- termination for material
breach -- National Power plc v United Gas Company Limited -- Dalkia Utilities and Services v
Celtech International Services -- remediable breaches -- termination for insolvency -- receivership -
- administration -- protection for licensor -- protection for licensee -- no term specified -- common
law termination rights -- are promises independent? -- how is the term in question classified? --
obligation entire or divisible? -- frustrating event -- terminating a contract "safely".
Subject: Copyright licensing--management
Subject: Financial planning--intellectual property industry


SNIPER No.: 2009/01328
Author: Ng-Loy, Wee Loon
Title: Exploring flexibilities within the global IP standards
Source: Intellectual Property Quarterly. No. 2, 2009, pp. 143-161.
Summary: TRIPs Agreement -- compulsory minimum standards of IP protection -- existing
flexibilities -- trade marks -- copyright -- patents.
Subject: Intellectual property--developing countries
Subject: International trade--Singapore




                                          Page 23
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01132
Title: Famous appellations of origin
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 6, December 2008, p. 21.
Summary: Appellations of origin -- Parma ham (Prosciutto di Parma) -- Tequila -- Feta cheese.
Subject: Geographical indicators--manufacturing and processing industry


SNIPER No.: 2009/01110
Author: Knight, Peter
Title: Federal Court interprets a software licence
Source: Australian Intellectual Property Law Bulletin. Vol. 21 No. 10, May 2009, p. 210-211.
Summary: Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia decision -- Software AG (Aust) Pty Ltd v
Racing & Wagering WA -- license for single copy of software only -- whether licence conditions
breached when backup mirror image of system made for purposes of disaster recovery -- Court
decided provision of software licence should be interpreted as favourably as possible for licensee.
Subject: Intellectual property licensing--information technology industry


SNIPER No.: 2009/00940
Author: Zhao, Jiaxiang, Yueping Zhang, and Yongjun Bian
Title: Focus on the third revision of design patent in China's Patent Law
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 70-76.
Summary: Designs -- China -- motivation for design patent law revision -- better quality and more
consistency with international trends -- criteria for 'inventiveness' -- changes to implementing rules
-- conflicts between design and standard patents or utility models -- no design grants for marker-
type plain prints -- joint applications, wholesale transfer and individual nullification -- design
appraisal (search) reports -- key points of design protection -- People's Daily Online IP Salon
formed to discuss IP 'hotspots'.
Subject: Industrial design systems--reform--China
Subject: Industrial designs--law and legislation--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01063
Author: Stowasser, Ralf
Title: For what it's worth
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 77-79.
Summary: Using patent valuation to determine whether to gain secondary patents to extend
pharmaceutical patent terms -- secondary patent inherently weaker than parent application --
litigation scenario for Pfizer Norvasc patents -- secondary protection certificates.
Subject: Patent terms--pharmaceutical industry--United States
Subject: Patent extension--pharmaceutical industry--United States
Subject: Value of intellectual property


SNIPER No.: 2009/01203
Author: Musson, Véronique
Title: Foreign fame is irrelevant in the United States
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 24-25.
Summary: Famous mark doctrine not applicable in United States -- international fame as a basis
for US rights -- ITC Limited v. Punchgini Inc. -- BUKHARA mark -- denial of auction site liability --
Tiffany (NJ) Inc. v. eBay Inc. -- sale of counterfeit goods on Internet auction sites.
Subject: Famous trade marks--case law--United States
Subject: Counterfeiting--case law--United States




                                          Page 24
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01129
Title: Francis Gurry addresses WIPO General Assembly
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 6, December 2008, pp. 6-8.
Summary: Francis Gurry's acceptance speech as WIPO Director General -- challenges and
priorities for WIPO -- patent system -- creative works in the digital environment -- illegal
downloading -- counterfeiting -- broadening of intellectual property system -- closer cooperation
within the United Nations system -- functionality of WIPO organisation.
Subject: World Intellectual Property Organisation
Subject: Francis Gurry


SNIPER No.: 2009/01292
Author: Trimmer, Bonita, Robert P. Reznick and James B. Kobak
Title: Fresh challenge for pharma
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, pp. 24-25.
Summary: European Commission's Pharmaceutical Sector Inquiry preliminary report -- problems
with patent clustering, litigation and dispute settlements are hindering competition -- toolbox of
strategies used by pharmaceutical originators -- secondary use patents -- evergreening --
defensive patenting -- using patent litigation to create "roadblocks" for competitors -- defensive
practices common to all patent-intensive industries, and not new -- need to wait for final report
before reviewing patenting strategies -- implications for pharmaceutical industry in the United
States.
Subject: Patents--pharmaceutical industry--Europe
Subject: Competition (Economics)--pharmaceutical industry--Europe
Subject: Patents--pharmaceutical industry--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/00965
Author: McDermott, Eileen
Title: FTC antitrust war wages on
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 10-11.
Summary: Countering reverse payments between pharmaceutical companies and generics
manufacturers -- Federal Trade Commission (FTC) complaint against Solvay Pharmaceuticals, Par
Pharmaceuticals, Watson Pharmaceuticals and Paddock Laboratories -- AndroGel -- reverse anti-
competitive behaviour not anticipated by Hatch-Waxman Act -- likely future anti-trust trends.
Subject: Competition (Economics)--case law--United States
Subject: Competition (Economics)--pharmaceutical industry--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/00830
Author: Ortolani, Chiara
Title: The function of phonetic similarity in the analysis of likelihood of confusion
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 312-314.
Summary: Likelihood of trade mark confusion where aural similarity between marks -- Europe --
MIP Metro Group Intellectual Property GmbH and Co. KG v. Office for Harmonisation in the
Internal Market, Metronia SA -- legal context -- facts of the case -- analysis of the decision --
practical significance.
Subject: Confusing similarity--case law--Europe
Subject: Trade mark examination--case law--Europe




                                          Page 25
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01064
Author: Haigh, David
Title: Global brand values weather financial storm
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 39-45.
Summary: BrandFinance Global 500 survey 2008 -- major declines in company values and
goodwill -- balance sheet market valuations -- brand values holding up -- key survey findings --
brands during economic downturn -- 50 most valuable global brands.
Subject: Brand management--research
Subject: Branding--research


SNIPER No.: 2009/01295
Author: Brass, Richard
Title: Going, going, gone?
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, p. 42.
Summary: Using online auctions to sell intellectual property -- OceanTomo IP auctions highly
successful -- online sale of some NASA patents -- ICANN use of online auctions to sell new
generic top-level domain names (gTLDs) -- vendor and buyer advantages.
Subject: Intellectual property assignment
Subject: Electronic commerce


SNIPER No.: 2009/00935
Author: Zhou, Yi
Title: Government's role in the Intellectual Property Pledge Loan
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 46-47.
Summary: Loan scheme for borrowing against IP rights -- China -- Beijing Intellectual Property
Office acting as bridge between companies -- Daxing model for IP pledge applications -- program
trial in Haidian District -- ongoing government work through 2011.
Subject: Business assistance--China
Subject: Small and medium enterprises--funding--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00973
Author: Lessig, Lawrence and Eileen McDermott
Title: The great copyright debate
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 26-30.
Summary: Need for copyright reform in the digital environment -- remix culture and Recording
Industry Association of America (RIAA) responses -- recording industry realities -- progress in
copyright industry responses -- Lessig response to critics -- Viacom case study -- Obama 2008
election mashup poster.
Subject: Copyright--reform
Subject: Electronic copyright


SNIPER No.: 2009/01081
Title: Green design: from cradle to cradle
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 2, April 2009, pp. 27-28.
Summary: Cradle to Cradle (C2C) certification mark for green products -- C2C program brainchild
of William McDonough and Michael Braungart -- Climatex Lifecycle biodegradable upholstery
fabric -- use of sustainable building materials in China -- C2C compliant office furnishings -- Ford
Rouge factory's green sedum roof.
Subject: Environmental issues in intellectual property
Subject: Certification trade marks




                                         Page 26
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01080
Title: Green technologies: electric cars with hydrogen fuel cells
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 2, April 2009, pp. 23-26.
Summary: Development of green car technology -- history of car development -- compressed
hydrogen vehicles -- safety of hydrogen fuels -- need for good design of electric cars -- trials of
hydrogen fuel powered buses in various major cities -- drawbacks to hydrogen fuel technologies --
solar-hydrogen powered homes.
Subject: Environmental issues in intellectual property--manufacturing and processing industry


SNIPER No.: 2009/01108
Author: Saurajen, Ken and Walid Sukari
Title: Growing flowers between the trees: stimulating innovation in a field of incumbent rights
Source: Australian Intellectual Property Law Bulletin. Vol. 21 No. 10, May 2009, p. 204-207.
Summary: Reviewing Australia's current innovation strategy -- IP-related recommendations --
review patent law to raise threshold level for inventive step -- patents better defined to minimise
litigation and maximise opportunities for innovation -- software and business methods patents -- IP
rights should be seen as function of economic policy rather than legal policy -- IP enforcement,
costs and litigation -- proposed new system of appellate double jeopardy -- rebalance rights
between large and small litigants -- fairer system of dispute resolution.
Subject: Venturous Australia (Report)
Subject: Innovation (Technological)--policy--Australia
Subject: Industrial research and development--policy--Australia


SNIPER No.: 2009/00961
Author: Essen, Peter van
Title: A guide to invalidity actions
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, p. 118.
General Note: Forms part of: Benelux IP Focus (3rd ed.)
Summary: Patent nullification proceedings -- Netherlands -- distinction between proceedings for
Dutch and European patents.
Subject: Patent validity--Netherlands
Subject: Patent litigation--Netherlands


SNIPER No.: 2006/01307
Author: Cohen, Alan
Title: Handle with care
Source: IP Law and Business. July 2006, pp. 36-40.
Summary: Patent re-examination in the United States -- re-examination is easy to get, but hard to
win -- USPTO re-examination processes -- useful tactic to use in getting patent litigation stayed or
cancelled -- procedure and timing for patent re-examinations -- inter partes re-examination versus
traditional re-examination.
Subject: United States Patent and Trademark Office--procedure
Subject: Patent examination--United States
Subject: Patent validity--United States




                                         Page 27
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01229
Author: Liu, Rong
Title: Happy or unhappy with the animation industry under the baton of policy guidelines
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 27-29.
Summary: Chinese animation and cartoon industry -- new policy guidelines to stimulate local
Chinese production -- requirement for original products -- cooperation with international animation
producers.
Subject: Culture and entertainment industry--China
Subject: Cinematographic works--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01278
Author: Wilkof, Neil J.
Title: Hard times require tough solutions: insolvency and IP licenses (part 1)
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 32-33.
General Note: First article in a series of two. See also: 2009/01281
Summary: Bankruptcy or insolvency -- intellectual property licensing issues -- domestic law --
liquidation -- administration or reorganisation -- possible rejection of an IP licence by bankruptcy
trustee -- Lubrizol Enterprises Inc v Richmond Metal Finishers Inc -- executory agreement --
unacceptable implications of Lubrizol decision -- harm to good-faith licensee
Subject: Intellectual property licensing--United States
Subject: Bankruptcy--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/00970
Author: Cooper, Elisa
Title: Harness the power of your domain
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 22-24.
Summary: Domain name management in an economic downturn -- secure and protect valuable
domains -- improve web traffic -- implement defined domain policies -- consider future needs when
setting strategies -- balance between cost containment and risk mitigation.
Subject: Domain names--management


SNIPER No.: 2009/00831
Author: Clark, Birgit
Title: Hooray for Hollywood?: (no) trade mark protection for Marlene Dietrich's image
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 314-316.
Summary: Circumstances in which the image of a famous person can be protected as a trade
mark -- Germany -- Marlene-Dietrich-Bildnis -- legal context -- facts of the case -- analysis of the
decision -- practical significance.
Subject: Trade mark registrability--case law--Germany
Subject: Trade mark distinctiveness--case law--Germany
Subject: Personality rights--case law--Germany


SNIPER No.: 2009/01142
Author: Orchard, Ruth
Title: How ACG tackles the trade in fake goods
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 7-8.
Summary: Anti-Counterfeiting Group (ACG) -- aims and activities -- lobbying -- public awareness -
- networking -- IP crime -- economic and social harm caused -- online counterfeiting.
Subject: Anti-Counterfeiting Group (United Kingdom)
Subject: Counterfeiting




                                           Page 28
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01233
Author: Wang, Zhengzhi
Title: How did "Baijia" lose its legal battle against "Baixiang"?
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 53-54.
Summary: Analysis of intellectual property disputes between Henan Zhenglong Food Co. Ltd.
(Baixiang) and Sichuan Baijia Food Co. Ltd. (Baijia) -- incomplete intellectual property protections -
- lack of overall strategy before going to court -- better for Baijia to have adopted an unfair
competition strategy.
Subject: Intellectual property litigation--manufacturing and processing industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01141
Author: Stadheim, Theresa
Title: How KSR v. Teleflex will affect patent prosecution in the electrical and mechanic arts
Source: Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society. Vol. 91 No. 2, February 2009, pp.
142-152.
Summary: Impact of changing obviousness test on electrical and mechanical patent filing
strategies -- KSR International Co. v. Teleflex overview -- preliminary responses to KSR -- Federal
Circuit -- United States Patents and Trademarks Office (USPTO) -- more patent applications
general invalidated for non-obviousness -- special issues in electrical and mechanical patent
prosecution.
Subject: Inventive step--United States
Subject: Patent applications--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01060
Author: Wanetick, David
Title: How patent vulnerability impacts on valuation
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 59-63.
Summary: Patent valuation -- patents as a simple license to exclude others from a marketplace --
patent vulnerabilities through invalidity and litigation costs -- factors impacting patent valuation --
approaches for successful valuation.
Subject: Value of intellectual property


SNIPER No.: 2009/00963
Author: Honkasalo, Harri, Heinz Goddar and Alex Butler
Title: How should I decide which patents not to renew?
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 134-135.
Summary: Factors to consider when deciding whether to renew patents -- expected usage --
value -- geographical coverage -- potential future value -- sale of rights -- products still being
manufactured -- protection against competition -- employee inventor rights -- need for sound
management strategies -- in-house counsel perspective -- patent attorney perspective -- portfolio
manager perspective.
Subject: Patent renewals


SNIPER No.: 2009/00939
Author: He, Yun
Title: How to determine patent infringement in the "Self-Connecting Light Steel Keel" case
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 60-63.
Summary: Determining patent infringement -- infringement through unknowing sale of infringing
products -- Jinpeng Industrial Co. Ltd. v. Wangsen Yihe Decorative Building Materials Store -- facts
of the case -- analysis of the decision.
Subject: Patent infringement--case law--China



                                           Page 29
SNIPER Bulletin                                                               Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00971
Author: Rupprecht, Bernd
Title: How to protect your IP rights at trade fairs
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 18-20.
Summary: Intellectual property infringement at trade fairs -- Germany -- enforcement strategies --
civil proceedings -- preliminary injunctions -- search orders -- service of other main actions on
infringers -- alternatives to civil proceedings -- measures taken by trade fair organisers.
Subject: Infringement remedies--Germany
Subject: Intellectual property infringement--Germany


SNIPER No.: 2009/01067
Author: Hutter, Hans, Bruce Riter and Jian Wei
Title: The hows and whys of software patent protection
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 89-92.
Summary: Software patents -- patentability requirements vary widely across jurisdictions -- United
States -- Europe -- China.
Subject: Computer-related inventions--patentability--United States
Subject: Computer-related inventions--patentability--Europe
Subject: Computer-related inventions--patentability--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01232
Author: Li, Doris
Title: HP: focus on result, not figures
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 32-33.
Summary: Hewlett-Packard's (HP) intellectual property protection strategies -- protecting
consumers by protecting the brand -- focus on shutting down sources of counterfeits -- requirement
for stability, accuracy and force -- IP protection strategy for 2009 -- Chinese anti-counterfeiting
efforts.
Subject: Counterfeiting--information technology industry--China
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement--information technology industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01401
Author: Wheelahan, Justin
Title: "I didn't know it was unlawful in the criminal sense" not a defence to offences against the
Trade Marks Act 1995 (Cth): DPP (Cth) Reference No 1 of 2008
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 46-54.
Summary: Whether person accused of importing goods bearing counterfeit trade marks must
know his conduct is criminally wrong as opposed to civilly wrong -- Victorian Court of Appeal
decision -- facts of the case -- what an accused must know still unclear.
Subject: Trade mark infringement--Australia
Subject: Counterfeiting




                                          Page 30
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01137
Author: Ashmead, Richard
Title: IC class headings and the scope of EU registrations
Source: CIPA Journal. Vol. 38 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 257-260.
Summary: Conflicting position of effect of International Classification headings in trade mark
applications -- scope of coverage interpreted differently by UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO)
and Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (OHIM) -- "mean what they say" approach
versus "class heading covers all approach" -- effect on goods not explicitly mentioned within
general class description.
Subject: International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of
Marks
Subject: Trade mark classification--procedure--United Kingdom
Subject: Trade mark classification--procedure--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01291
Author: Mattheson, Julia Anne and Anna Balichina
Title: Image conscious
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, p. 39.
Summary: Use of packaging to increase product appeal -- branding much more minimalist than
previously -- protectable trade dress -- packaging trade marks -- functionality inhibits trade dress
registrability -- generating secondary meaning in packaging.
Subject: Trade dress
Subject: Trade mark registrability
Subject: Brand management


SNIPER No.: 2009/00826
Author: Sánchez Calles, Alfonso
Title: Implementing paediatric extensions to SPCs: marketing authorization in 'all Member States'
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 305-306.
Summary: Need to grant paediatric extensions to Supplementary Protection Certificates --
Synthon BV v. Licensing Authority of the Department of Health -- legal context -- facts and analysis
-- industry concerns -- recognition of marketing authorities granted in other EU states -- practical
significance -- European Paediatric Regulation.
Subject: Europe. Regulation on Medicinal Products for Paediatric Use (2006)
Subject: Patent extension--pharmaceutical industry--Europe
Subject: Patent extension--case law--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01120
Author: Hickman Dominic
Title: The importance of thorough IP due diligence and its influence on price
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 13-15.
Summary: Intellectual property due diligence in business deals -- why IP diligence is important --
identification of important IP -- IP ownership -- impediments to IP use -- licences -- third party
challenges -- infringement -- administrative issues.
Subject: Mergers and takeovers
Subject: Due diligence
Subject: Intellectual property




                                          Page 31
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01396
Author: Fox, Andrew
Title: In conversation with Tamara Winikoff
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 5-9.
Summary: Interview with Tamara Winikoff -- cultural commentator, advocate and senior arts
manager -- Executive Director of the National Association for the Visual Arts -- commitment to
advancing the interests and improving livelihood of artists -- views on proposed Resale Royalty
Scheme.
Subject: Tamara Winikoff--interviews


SNIPER No.: 2009/01195
Author: Smith, Adam
Title: India's enforcement crisis: bordering on breakdown
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 51-55.
Summary: Indian border control measures failing to stop counterfeits -- Intellectual Property
Rights (Imported Goods) Enforcement Rules (IPR IG) -- crisis talks between rightsowners and
government -- rightsowner's grievances -- apparent government disinterest -- generally low profile
of IP in India -- Yahoo! yodel sound mark
Subject: Customs--India
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement--India
Subject: Counterfeiting--India


SNIPER No.: 2009/01196
Author: Narula, Ranjan and Darshan Ramamurthy
Title: India's enforcement crisis: new bill is huge setback to criminal enforcement
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 56-58.
Summary: Amendment to Indian Code of Criminal Procedure -- significant reduction in police
powers to make arrests for counterfeiting and piracy -- rationale for amendments -- perceived
impact on IP rightsowners.
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement--law and legislation--India
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement--reform--India


SNIPER No.: 2009/01145
Author: Bresner, Davide
Title: Industry insight: fashion
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 19-20.
Summary: Counterfeiting in the fashion industry -- impacts -- global anti-counterfeiting strategies -
- need for rightsowners to take action against counterfeiters -- European Union (EU) programs --
Italian anti-counterfeiting programs.
Subject: Counterfeiting--fashion and design industry


SNIPER No.: 2009/01146
Author: Tan, B. C.
Title: Industry insight: Internet distribution
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 23-25.
Summary: Distribution of counterfeit goods via the Internet -- distribution models -- mediated
distribution channels, such as eBay -- independent distribution -- new approaches to enforcement -
- proceeds of crime -- targeting payment systems -- anti-counterfeiting strategies.
Subject: Counterfeiting
Subject: Internet




                                          Page 32
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                  Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00825
Author: Phillips, Jeremy
Title: Information overload and IP practice
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, p. 301.
Summary: Effect of information explosion on intellectual property practices -- always-on
technologies -- changes to legal publishing models -- costs of dealing with increasing amount of
information.
Subject: Information management--intellectual property industry
Subject: Information economy


SNIPER No.: 2009/01118
Author: Taylor, David and Lionel de Souza
Title: Infringing the beat: France's take on illegal downloading
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 41-46.
Summary: French attitude to illegal music downloading -- 2006 Statute on Authors' Rights and
Neighbouring Rights in the Information Society (DADVSI) -- digital rights management protection
(DRM), interoperability and private copying -- targeting software editors to strengthen protections
on their works -- lesser liability for individual downloaders -- draft Creation and the Internet Statute
-- three strikes regime and suspension of users' Internet accounts.
Subject: Electronic copyright--France
Subject: Piracy--France
Subject: Internet--France


SNIPER No.: 2009/01240
Author: Liu, Fengming
Title: Innovation: engine for sustainable growth of enterprises
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 96-97.
Summary: Innovation as a means of tackling economic crisis and promote sustainable
development -- sound legal system is essential for encouraging innovation -- innovation in the
software industry -- World Intellectual Property Day.
Subject: Innovation (Technological)
Subject: Economics


SNIPER No.: 2009/01057
Author: Adams, Sara-Jayne, Marc S. Adler, Mary Doyle, Gary Griswold, Chris Mercer, Mark V. B.
Partridge, Alexander Poltorak, Brian Pomper, Ronald Riley, Mark F. Radcliffe, Herbert C.
Wamsley, Bruce Sewell, and Mallun Yen
Title: Inside the fight over US patent reform
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 9-18.
Summary: Patent reform agenda -- United States -- responses to proposed legislation from
different interest groups -- Patent Public Advisory Committee -- Palm Inc. -- Coalition for 21st
Century Patent Reform -- European Patent Institute -- Pattishall, McAuliffe, Newbury, Hilliard and
Geraldson (patent lawyers) -- General Patent Corporation -- Innovation Alliance -- Alliance for
American Innovation -- DLA Piper (law firm) -- Intellectual Property Owners' Association -- Intel
Corporation -- Cisco Systems Inc.
Subject: Patent systems--reform--United States
Subject: Patents--law and legislation--United States




                                           Page 33
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01281
Author: Wilkof, Neil J.
Title: Insolvency and IP licenses (part two): the section 365(n) solution under U.S. law and the
exclusion for a trademark license
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 22-23.
General Note: Second article in a series of two. See also: 2009/01278.
Summary: Changes to United States Bankruptcy Code following Lubrizol case -- executory
contracts and unexpired leases -- special treatment of an intellectual property license -- licensee
can decided whether or not to continue with the license -- trade marks not covered by section
365(n) -- quality control by licensor -- measures that can be taken by trade mark licensee --
debtor/creditor relationship
Subject: Intellectual property licensing--United States
Subject: Bankruptcy--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01228
Author: Zhou, Yi
Title: Institutional solution to trademark examination backlog
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 24-26.
Summary: Measures to address trade mark backlog -- Chinese Intellectual Property Office --
different speeds for different parts of trade mark process -- trade mark filing backlog being
reduced, examination backlog still large -- underlying problems with acceleration of trade mark
processing -- increased numbers of trade mark examiners and simplification of examination
process -- Commitment on Cutting the Backlog of Cases in Trademark Examination and
Adjudication with the Trademark Office and the Trademark Review and Application Board (2008).
Subject: State Intellectual Property Office of the People's Republic of China
Subject: Trade mark processing--China
Subject: Trade mark examination--China
Subject: Intellectual property offices--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01078
Title: IP and climate change negotiations: from Bali to Copenhagen, via Poznán
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 2, April 2009, pp. 2-3.
Summary: Climate change -- increasing focus on technology and intellectual property -- transfer
of climate-friendly technologies -- role of intellectual property -- Global Environment Facility (GEF)
funds transfer of climate-friendly technologies -- PATENTSCOPE tool for climate change policy
makers -- Climate Change Conference, Poznán, Poland, December 2008.
Subject: Technology transfer
Subject: Environmental issues in intellectual property


SNIPER No.: 2009/01293
Author: Mullen, Kenneth
Title: The IP guide to... software patents
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, pp. 26-27.
Summary: Software patents -- patentability in the United Kingdom -- Symbian Ltd. v. Comptroller
General of Patents -- background -- Court of Appeal decision -- recent UK Intellectual Property
Office (IPO) guidance to patent examiners.
Subject: Computer-related inventions--patentability--United Kingdom
Subject: Computer-related inventions--case law--United Kingdom




                                           Page 34
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                    Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01290
Author: Williamson, Brett J. and Michael L. Myers
Title: IP in a downturn
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, pp. 30-33.
Summary: Decrease in patent lawsuits filed in 2008 -- United States -- ongoing trend or
temporary effect of economic crisis -- using enforcement to realise value from intellectual property -
- considerations -- know what you have -- assert quality patents only -- select the best legal forum.
Subject: Patent litigation--United States
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01125
Author: Rolls, Carolyn, Indra Bhattacharya, and Robert Cooper.
Title: IP in Australian life science industry M&A transactions
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 35-38.
Summary: Intellectual property rights in merger and acquisition transactions -- Australia -- life
sciences industry -- regulatory issues -- Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) patent
certificates -- intellectual property aspects -- IP litigation -- IP licensing -- distribution agreements --
Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) -- Australian Securities and Investment Commission
(ASIC) considerations -- Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC)
considerations.
Subject: Mergers and takeovers--science and research industry--Australia
Subject: Intellectual property--science and research industry--Australia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01267
Author: Saez, Catherine, Kaitlin Mara and Monika Emert
Title: IP questions and concerns as genetic revolution comes to food
Source: Intellectual Property Watch. Vol. 6 No. 5, May 2009, p. 9.
Summary: Concerns about intellectual property in plant varieties -- impact of IP rights on food
security and agricultural production -- need to be able to save seeds -- role of IP in ensuring food
security in developing countries -- drawbacks of plant breeders rights and plant variety rights --
need to use both technological developments and traditional agriculture to find solutions -- protest
against Monsanto pig gene patents.
Subject: Genetic modification
Subject: Plant breeder's rights
Subject: Patenting of life forms


SNIPER No.: 2009/01235
Author: Li, Doris, Gang Bai, Qi Hu and Changxu Li
Title: IPR protection considerations on Silk Street Market case
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 71-73.
Summary: Shutdown of Silk Street Market stalls for selling counterfeited products -- background
and history -- question whether buyers are "feeding" the counterfeiting industry -- effect on Market
sellers -- problems arising from transition of Silk Street Market from counterfeits to genuine local
products.
Subject: Intellectual property infringement--China
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement--China
Subject: Counterfeiting--China




                                             Page 35
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                  Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00951
Author: Ritala, Paavo
Title: Is coopetition different from cooperation?: the impact of market rivalry on value creation in
alliances
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 1, 2009, pp. 39-55.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "Tug of war in the field of IP: searching for a
balanced attitude to managing intellectual property", edited by Professor Pia Hurmelinna-
Laukkanen.
Summary: Value created by alliances between competitors (ie. coopetition) -- risks to intellectual
property when cooperating with a competitor -- types of competition in business alliances -- market
rivalry -- competition for value within an alliance -- ways in which competition is manifested --
dynamics of market rivalry and competition in alliances -- analysis of research findings.
Subject: Competition (Economics)--research
Subject: Business collaboration--research


SNIPER No.: 2009/01399
Author: Henderson, Josh
Title: Is the application of science and technology a necessary requirement for patentability?
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 29-37.
Summary: Rationale for patent system -- scope of patentability in Australia -- whether a
patentable invention must involve application of science and technology -- manner of manufacture
-- principles from decision in National Research Development Corporation v Commissioner of
Patents -- patentability of business methods -- Grant v Commissioner of Patents -- Re Peter Szabo
and Associates Pty Ltd -- current Australian test for patentability -- claimed invention must have a
physical effect which results in artificial state of affairs -- no specific requirement that the invention
requires the application of technology or science -- patentability of legal methods -- the position in
Europe and the United States.
Subject: Patentability--Australia
Subject: Business methods--patentability--Australia


SNIPER No.: 2009/00959
Author: Peo, Frank, Daniel Lorence, Robert Jameson, James Chin, and Luis Gonzales.
Title: Issues and challenges in managing genetic intellectual property across complex
collaborative networks: a proposed model for managers
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 2, 2009, pp. 169-
192.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "IP, global health, and biomedicine", edited by Dr
Daniel Lorence.
Summary: Intellectual property challenges for managers of biomedical research -- patentability of
classes of invention -- international patent applications and Markush claims -- collaborative
management of intellectual property -- data ownership -- pre-existing materials brought by
contractors to projects -- honest broker system for de-identifying medical data -- honest broker
certification criteria -- transfer of materials -- intellectual property ownership agreements.
Subject: Intellectual property--biotechnology industry--United States
Subject: Business collaboration




                                            Page 36
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01126
Author: Keller, Timothy
Title: IT issues in M&A
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 39-42.
Summary: Information technology issues in mergers and acquisitions -- information technology
agreements -- regulation of IT and IT-related data.
Subject: Mergers and takeovers
Subject: Computing


SNIPER No.: 2009/01329
Author: Milius, Djims
Title: Justifying intellectual property in traditional knowledge
Source: Intellectual Property Quarterly. No. 2, 2009, pp. 185-216.
Summary: Issues of definition for traditional knowledge (TK) -- modalities in which to understand
collective rights -- review of proposals -- case studies on current national experiences with TK
promotion and protection -- WIPO's fact-finding missions -- identifying existing gaps in needs and
expectations of TK holders -- raising IP issues for TK prematurely -- undermines legitimacy and
relevance of achievable outcomes.
Subject: Traditional knowledge
Subject: International trade


SNIPER No.: 2009/01280
Author: Howlett, Melanie J. and Tania Kern
Title: Key priorities of the proposed European anti-counterfeiting customs plan for 2009-2012
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 39-40.
Summary: Increasing number of seizures -- counterfeit products dangerous to health and safety --
involvement of organised crime in infringement -- globalisation -- multinational Anti-Counterfeiting
Trade Agreement (ACTA) -- infringement on the internet -- implementation of the action plan
Subject: Counterfeiting--Europe
Subject: Customs--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01094
Author: Duly, Charlotte
Title: Liverpool Football Club dispute: the flap about the club's trademark application and the fight
against counterfeits
Source: Trademark World. No. 217, May 2009, pp. 28-29.
Summary: Liverpool Football Club's (LFC) attempt to trade mark Liver Bird symbol -- Liverpool
Council wanted symbol available to all -- registration to prevent production and sale of goods which
replicate part of the LFC emblem -- counterfeiting problem -- value of trade mark registration --
copyright as an alternative consideration -- trade mark use issue.
Subject: Trade mark applications--United Kingdom
Subject: Counterfeiting--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/00966
Author: Nurton, James
Title: L'Oréal opinion welcomed as positive for brand owners
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, p. 8.
Summary: Comparative advertising -- trade mark infringement and lookalike branding -- Europe --
L'Oréal v. Bellure -- Advocate General's opinion not binding on European Court of Justice.
Subject: Comparative advertising--case law--Europe
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--Europe


                                         Page 37
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01074
Author: Nettleton, Ewan
Title: Lundbeck and the Lords: sufficiency under scrutiny
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 8-10.
Summary: Generics UK v. Lundbeck -- product claims valid even though inventiveness confined
to production process -- facts of the case -- issues in Lundbeck case -- invalidity due to
anticipation, obviousness and insufficiency -- rulings from the lower courts -- High Court -- Court of
Appeal -- House of Lords ruling -- wide ranging implications for the pharmaceutical industry --
single enantiomer escitalopram patent.
Subject: Patent validity--case law--United Kingdom
Subject: Patent validity--pharmaceutical industry--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/01127
Author: Fairpo, Anne
Title: M&A and intellectual property: tax issues to consider
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 43-46.
Summary: Taxation considerations for intellectual property assets in mergers and acquisitions --
opportunities to reduce funding costs -- amortisation -- rollover relief -- company structure
considerations -- costs to watch for.
Subject: Mergers and takeovers--United Kingdom
Subject: Taxation--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/01294
Author: Blakeney, Michael, 1948-
Title: A mark of superiority
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, pp. 28-29.
Summary: Origins of geographical indications system -- European system -- United States and
Australian criticism of European GI system -- economic benefits of GIs -- introduction of multilateral
registration system unlikely.
Subject: Geographical indicators


SNIPER No.: 2009/01128
Title: Meetings of the Assemblies of the WIPO member states: 2008 report
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 6, December 2008, pp. 2-5.
Summary: WIPO 2008 Assemblies -- appointment of Francis Gurry as new Director General --
Committee on Development and IP (CDIP) -- Standing Committee on Copyright and Related
Rights (SCCR) -- Advisory Committee on Enforcement (ACE) -- Intergovernmental Committee on
Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC) -- Standing
Committee on the Law of Patents (SCP) -- Internet domain issues -- Article 6ter of the Paris
Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (Paris Convention) -- Madrid Union for the
International Registration of Trademarks -- Hague Union for the International Registration of
Industrial Designs -- investment plan for Madrid and Hague systems -- Lisbon Union for the
Protection of Appellations of Origin -- Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) Union -- Digital Access
Service for priority documents (DAS) -- Patent Law Treaty (PLT).
Subject: World Intellectual Property Organisation--meetings




                                          Page 38
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01124
Author: Viaene, Hendrik
Title: Merger control in Europe and IP
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 31-34.
Summary: Investigation of intellectual property rights in merger and acquisition transactions --
Europe -- regulatory framework -- merger control -- competition and business concentration.
Subject: Mergers and takeovers--Europe
Subject: Competition (Economics)--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01062
Author: Cahill, Jed and Sandy Lewsi
Title: Minimising loss of vital intellectual assets when downsizing
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 72-76.
Summary: Managing intellectual assets during employee downsizing -- audit human resource
(HR) practices for managing IP -- identify highly contributing inventors and inventors who may be
holding back documentation -- conduct systematic exit interviews -- manage trade secrets
effectively.
Subject: Intellectual property management
Subject: Business planning
Subject: Personnel management


SNIPER No.: 2009/00950
Author: Czakon, Wojciech
Title: Network governance dynamics impact on intellectual property management: the case of a
franchise system
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 1, 2009, pp. 23-38.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "Tug of war in the field of IP: searching for a
balanced attitude to managing intellectual property", edited by Professor Pia Hurmelinna-
Laukkanen.
Summary: Intellectual property management -- tool for sustaining competitive advantage --
governance of franchising networks, particularly banks -- theoretical background to research --
research methods used -- results -- analysis of findings.
Subject: Intellectual property management--research
Subject: Franchising--research
Subject: Competition (Economics)--research
Subject: Financial services industry--research


SNIPER No.: 2009/01197
Author: Sadovsky, Pavel
Title: New case law reopens parallel-import debate in Russia
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 60-62.
Summary: Impact of Russian court treatment of parallel imports on car industry -- Honda/Nissan
case -- Porsche Cayenne case -- confusing case law -- Supreme Courts' draft joint resolution --
debate around parallel imports -- effect on other industries.
Subject: Parallel importing--case law--Russia
Subject: Parallel importing--manufacturing and processing industry--Russia
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--Russia




                                         Page 39
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01206
Author: Taylor, David
Title: New gTLDs delayed as rights protection moves to centre stage
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, p. 76.
Summary: Launch of new generic top level domains (gTLDs) delayed by ICANN -- brand owners
concerned about protection of their rights -- potential for huge increases in cybersquatting -- cost of
increasing defensive domain name registration filings enormous -- role of ICANN implementation
recommendation team (IRT) to find solutions for trade mark protection.
Subject: Domain names
Subject: Domain name registration
Subject: Cybersquatting
Subject: Trade mark infringement


SNIPER No.: 2009/01234
Author: Wang, Yanfang
Title: Notarial certificates in Internet IP dispute
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 59-61.
Summary: Proving evidence in cases involving Internet and computers -- NuCom Online
International Co. Ltd. v. China Netcom Group, Zigong Branch -- video-on-demand distribution of
movie 'Crazy Stone' -- facts of the case -- Zigong Intermediate People's Court opinion -- Supreme
People's Court opinion -- analysis of the decision.
Subject: Evidence--case law--China
Subject: Evidence--culture and entertainment industry--China
Subject: Evidence--information technology industry--China
Subject: Cinematographic works--case law--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01138
Author: Chau, Anna C. and Irving N. Feit
Title: The obvious to try doctrine: its use, misuse and abuse
Source: Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society. Vol. 91 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 89-
104.
Summary: Obvious to try doctrine -- determining patent obviousness -- KSR International Co. v.
Teleflex -- history of the obvious to try doctrine -- Application of Huellmantel -- Application of
Tomlinson -- In re O'Farrell -- appropriate use of the doctrine -- PharmaStem Therapeutics, Inc. v.
ViaCell, Inc. -- Abbott Laboratories v. Sandoz, Inc. -- misuse of the doctrine -- In re Deuel -- abuse
of the doctrine -- Ex parte Kubin -- Stanford University v. Roche Molecular Systems, Inc. -- in re
Omeprazole Patent Litigation.
Subject: Inventive step--case law--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01395
Author: Sexton, Christopher
Title: One step closer in the crawl to attaining resale royalty rights for Australian artists
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 2-4.
Summary: Bill for an act to create right to resale royalty for artworks introduced into Australian
parliament 27 November 2008 -- provisions of the Bill especially aimed at helping indigenous
artists -- conclusions and recommendations of Committee in report tabled 20 February 2009 --
general widespread support for introduction and implementation of resale royalty scheme for visual
artists -- differing views about content and operation of scheme -- Committee recommended Bill
should proceed -- expected to be in place by 1 July 2009.
Subject: Droit de suite--Australia
Subject: Visual arts and crafts--Australia




                                          Page 40
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00924
Author: China. Shenzen City Intellectual Property Office
Title: Operational guide to intellectual property licensing
Source: China Patents and Trademarks. Vol. 96 No. 1, January 2009, pp. 94-99.
Summary: Intellectual property licensing -- China -- general rules -- general rules -- patent
licensing -- copyright licensing -- trade mark licensing -- supplementary provisions.
Subject: Intellectual property licensing--procedure--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01075
Author: Morgan, Gareth
Title: Orphan drug status in the EU
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 11-12.
Summary: Status of orphan drugs (intended to treat conditions with only small numbers of
sufferers) -- benefits of orphan status -- making an application in Europe -- justifying orphan status
-- appeals and challenges.
Subject: Pharmaceuticals--Europe
Subject: Pharmaceutical manufacturing--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/00969
Author: Marfé, Mark, Alexander Reetz, Rudd van der Velden, and Christopher Hill
Title: A pan-European guide to obtaining evidence
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009,
Summary: Obtaining evidence of patent infringement -- United Kingdom -- Germany -- France --
Netherlands -- ways in which US discovery can help a European case.
Subject: Evidence
Subject: Patent infringement
Subject: Legal procedure


SNIPER No.: 2009/01076
Author: Matthes, Jens and Christian Liedtke
Title: Parallel imports in the pharmaceutical sector: Common Market, common terms and common
interpretation
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 13-16.
Summary: Parallel importing of pharmaceuticals within Europe -- background and terminology --
marketing authorisation procedures simplified for parallel imports -- European Court of Justice
decisions regard simplified authorisation -- simplified authorisation requirements -- parallel
distribution different from parallel importing -- IP infringement cases regarding parallel imports --
Bristol-Meyers Squibb v. Paranova -- Beohringer v. Swingward and Glaxo v. DowelhurstWellcome
v. Paranova -- Loendersloot v. Ballantine -- Sot Lelos kai Sia v. GlaxoSmithKline -- BGH
Lefax/Lefaxin.
Subject: Parallel importing--case law--Europe
Subject: Parallel importing--pharmaceutical industry--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01139
Author: Walters, Radiance A.
Title: Partial forfeiture: the best compromise in trademark licensing protocol
Source: Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society. Vol. 91 No. 2, February 2009, pp.
126-141.
Summary: Quality control when trade mark licensing -- history of trade mark licensing --
emergence and expansion of trade mark licensing -- valid trade mark licensing requires quality
control by owner -- partial forfeiture of mark an appropriate punishment for licensing without quality
control (naked licensing).
Subject: Trade mark licensing--United States

                                          Page 41
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01066
Title: Patent analytics: industry focus: information technology
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, p. 57.
Summary: Key patent metrics for information technology companies -- top 5 recent patents --
2008 industry leaders -- portfolio strengths -- IP portfolio strength.
Subject: Patents--information technology industry
Subject: Information technology industry--statistics


SNIPER No.: 2009/00962
Author: Nurton, James
Title: Patent examination, Dutch style
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 127, March 2009, pp. 115-116.
General Note: Forms part of: Benelux IP Focus (3rd ed.)
Summary: Interview with Guus Broesterhuizen, President, Netherlands Patent Office -- Dutch
patent system -- European Community patent proposals -- patent trends.
Subject: Guus Broesterhuizen--interviews
Subject: Intellectual property offices--interviews--Netherlands


SNIPER No.: 2009/01330
Author: Morris, P. Sean
Title: Patent licensing and no-challenge clauses: a thin line between Article 81 EC Treaty and the
new Technology Transfer Block Exemption Regulation
Source: Intellectual Property Quarterly. No. 2, 2009, pp. 217-253.
Summary: Knorr-Bremse v Haldex -- Knorr-Bremse infringed a patent of Haldex -- a settlement
agreement contained no-challenge clause -- interaction between EC competition law and
intellectual property rights -- in relation to Technology Transfer Block Exemption Regulation
(TTBER) and no-challenge provision -- ascertain if such provision is anti-competitive in light of art.
81 EC Treaty.
Subject: Patent licensing
Subject: Technology transfer


SNIPER No.: 2009/00956
Author: Chakraborty, Sagarika and Angira Singhvi
Title: Patent reform and compulsory licensing: a case study from India
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 2, 2009, pp. 127-
140.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "IP, global health, and biomedicine", edited by Dr
Daniel Lorence.
Summary: Reform of Indian Patent Act 1970 to comply with TRIPs obligations -- compulsory
licensing in India -- use of compulsory licensing to support public health systems.
Subject: Compulsory licensing--India
Subject: Pharmaceuticals--India
Subject: Patent systems--reform--India




                                          Page 42
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                 Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01226
Author: Bird, Richard
Title: Patentability of dosage features in second medical use claims
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 8-10
Summary: Patentability of Swiss-type claims -- China -- Merck v. the Patent Re-Examination
Board -- Merck's finasteride patent -- need for novelty -- Patent Re-Examination Board (PRB) and
Intermediate Peoples Court decisions -- decision of the Beijing Higher Peoples Court -- Europe --
Kos Life Sciences case reference to the Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBA) -- convergence between
Chinese and European practice.
Subject: Swiss-type claims--case law--China
Subject: Swiss-type claims--case law--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01279
Author: Young, Jeffrey E.
Title: Patentable business methods: testing the limits of Bilski data transformation
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 34-39.
Summary: Business methods patentability -- machine or transformation test -- Bilski case --
algorithms -- pre-emption of fundamental principles -- data gathering step -- transformation of some
types of data may be eligible -- Abele case -- pure business method inventions -- methods of
transforming data directly related to physical articles -- insurance -- commodities trading --
optimising therapy -- Prometheus Laboratories Inc v Mayo Collaborative Services -- user interfaces
-- sales transactions -- lending transactions -- advertising techniques -- careful drafting of claims --
limiting claims
Subject: Business methods--patentability--United States
Subject: Patent claims--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01069
Author: Hughes, Christopher and Daniel Melman
Title: Patentable subject matter in the US: past, present and future
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 97-101.
Summary: Software patents and business method patents -- United States -- effect of In re Bilski
decision -- legislative and case law background to patentability requirements -- Bilski to scale back
business method patent availability -- experts differs as to whether Bilski means that software and
business method patents will be harder to obtain and enforce.
Subject: Computer-related inventions--patentability--United States
Subject: Business methods--patentability--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/00954
Author: Paradise, Jordan
Title: Patient advocacy group collaboration in genetic research and the scope of joint inventorship
under US patent law
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 2, 2009, pp. 97-109.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "IP, global health, and biomedicine", edited by Dr
Daniel Lorence.
Summary: Patient collaboration with researchers and patent inventorship -- ownership of banked
genetic materials -- disease advocacy groups -- named inventors of psuedoxanthoma elasticum
(PXE) patent -- requirements under U.S. patent law -- status of co-inventorship in the courts --
implications for intellectual property managers and policymakers.
Subject: Patent ownership--United States




                                           Page 43
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/01289
Author: Fennell, Edward
Title: 'People wanted less of a focus on politics and more of an emphasis on the technical mission
of WIPO'
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, pp. 30-33.
Summary: Interview with Francis Gurry, Director-General, WIPO -- large-scale WIPO change
agenda -- shift in focus from grant of IP right to how IP is used -- need for institutional reform --
intention to travel and consult widely with policymakers -- need to improve international IP
infrastructure -- digital copyright issues -- support for developing countries.
Subject: Francis Gurry--interviews
Subject: World Intellectual Property Organisation--interviews
Subject: Intellectual property--policy


SNIPER No.: 2009/00829
Author: Macedo, Charles R.
Title: Permanent injunction affirmed in US patent case
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 310-312.
Summary: Permanent injunctions -- patent infringement -- finding of irreparable harm despite
grant of other licenses -- United States -- Acumed LLC v. Stryker Corp. -- legal context -- facts of
the case -- analysis of the decision -- practical significance.
Subject: Patent infringement--case law--United States
Subject: Injunctions--case law--United States
Subject: Patent licensing--case law--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01237
Author: Li, Doris, Gang Bai, Qi Hu, and Changxu Li
Title: Perplexities in IPR protection
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 76-79.
Summary: Combating counterfeiting in China -- independent international bodies not permitted to
conduct investigations in China -- development of Chinese investigation industry -- status of
investigation industry -- professional capability and standards -- rightsowners view results only, not
always interested in process -- lack of payment where results not perceived to be sufficient by
rightsowner -- investigators not always honest -- Chinese awareness of IPR protection.
Subject: Counterfeiting--China
Subject: Business and professional services industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00979
Author: Li, Grace W.
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: China
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 7-9.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- China -- selection, clearance and registration -- parallel
imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic substitution
-- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00978
Author: Kusy, Petr
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Czech Republic
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 11-13.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Czech Republic -- selection, clearance and registration
-- parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Czech Republic

                                          Page 44
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00980
Author: López-Bellosta, Montserrat and Alexander Denoon
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: European Union
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 3-5.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Europe -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/00977
Author: Eskola, Petri
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Finland
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 15-17.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Finland -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Finland


SNIPER No.: 2009/00976
Author: Marie, Aurélia
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: France
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 19-21.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- France -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--France


SNIPER No.: 2009/00975
Author: Best, Michael and Udo Pfleghar
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Germany
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 23-25.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Germany -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Germany


SNIPER No.: 2009/00974
Author: Verma, Aditi and Kavita D Mundkur,
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: India
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 27-29.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- India -- selection, clearance and registration -- parallel
imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic substitution
-- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--India




                                         Page 45
SNIPER Bulletin                                                              Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00981
Author: McGuire, Brett
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Indonesia
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 31-33.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Indonesia -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Indonesia


SNIPER No.: 2009/00982
Author: Payne, Alistair
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Ireland
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 35-37.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Ireland -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Ireland


SNIPER No.: 2009/00983
Author: Luzzatto, Kfir and Ronen Sasson
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Israel
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 39-41.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Israel -- selection, clearance and registration -- parallel
imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic substitution
-- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Israel


SNIPER No.: 2009/00984
Author: Caneva, Daniele
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Italy
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 43-45.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Italy -- selection, clearance and registration -- parallel
imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic substitution
-- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Italy


SNIPER No.: 2009/00985
Author: Chew, Kherk Ying
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Malaysia
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 47-49.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Malaysia -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Malaysia




                                         Page 46
SNIPER Bulletin                                                            Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00986
Author: Ramírez, Víctor
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Mexico
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 51-53.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Mexico -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Mexico


SNIPER No.: 2009/00987
Author: Fikree, Samiya
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Pakistan
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 55-57.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Pakistan -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Pakistan


SNIPER No.: 2009/00988
Author: Zielińska-Lazarowicz, Malgorzata and Tomasz Rychlicki
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Poland
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 59-61.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Poland -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Poland


SNIPER No.: 2009/00989
Author: Năstase, Cristian
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Romania
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 63-65.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Romania -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Romania


SNIPER No.: 2009/00990
Author: Mattei, Fabrice
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: Thailand
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 67-69.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- Thailand -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--Thailand




                                        Page 47
SNIPER Bulletin                                                                  Library, IP Australia

SNIPER No.: 2009/00991
Author: Rajendra, Arty and Ewen Mitchell
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: United Kingdom
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 71-73.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- United Kingdom -- selection, clearance and registration
-- parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/00992
Author: Katz, Julie A.
Title: Pharmaceutical trademarks: United States
Source: World Trademark Review. Pharmaceutical Trademarks: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 75-77.
Summary: Pharmaceutical trade marks -- United States -- selection, clearance and registration --
parallel imports and repackaging -- anti-counterfeiting and enforcement -- advertising -- generic
substitution -- online issues.
Subject: Trade marks--pharmaceutical industry--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01268
Author: Wilkof, Neil J.
Title: Post eBay, does a license preclude the award of a permanent injunction?
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 20-21.
Summary: eBay v MercExchange -- patent infringement -- no general rule to award permanent
injunction -- four-factor equitable test -- monetary damages -- licensing fees -- patent trolls -- rights
of patent licensor -- patentee in competition with defendant infringer -- multiple non-exclusive
licences
Subject: Injunctions--case law--United States
Subject: Patent licensing--case law--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/00920
Author: Li, Zhenghai
Title: Preliminary analysis of standards of examination for drug mark registration
Source: China Patents and Trademarks. Vol. 96 No. 1, January 2009, pp. 60-63.
Summary: Special standards for examination of drug trade marks -- China -- absolute reasons for
drug trade mark registration -- generic drug names not registrable unless generic portion is
excluded from application -- similar or non-standard forms of generic names not registrable -- no
cross-over allowed between marks for drugs for human and veterinary use -- relative reasons for
trade mark examination -- determining similar marks.
Subject: Trade mark registrability--pharmaceutical industry--China
Subject: Trade mark examination--pharmaceutical industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01134
Author: Blachman, Galya and Kevin Mooney
Title: Product per se claim survives Biogen attack
Source: CIPA Journal. Vol. 38 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 250-253.
Summary: Sufficiency of product claims -- Generics UK Ltd. and others v. H. Lundbeck A/S --
facts of the case -- claims to products per se -- law of sufficiency -- patent claim in Lundbeck --
confirmation that UK and European laws remain harmonised -- clarification of Biogen v. Medeva
decision.
Subject: Inventive step--case law--United Kingdom
Subject: Patent claims--case law--United Kingdom



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SNIPER No.: 2009/01227
Author: Soutoul, Franck, Jean-Philippe Bresson, and Séverine Fitoussi
Title: Product similarity for pharmaceutical trademarks
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 14-16.
Summary: Trade mark similarity for pharmaceutical trade marks -- Community Trade Marks
(CTM) -- similarity of all goods within International Trademark Classification (ITC) class 5 --
pharmaceutical services in ITC classes 42 and 44.
Subject: Confusing similarity--pharmaceutical industry--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01398
Author: Alqudah, Fayyad
Title: Protection of well-known trade marks under Jordanian law
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 19-28.
Summary: What constitutes a well-known trade mark -- must be distinctive and should not be
deceptive -- scope of legal protection of well-known marks -- international conventions -- Jordanian
trade mark law -- practice of Jordanian courts in enforcing protection of well-known trade marks
Subject: Famous trade marks--Jordan


SNIPER No.: 2009/01073
Author: Hobson, Andrew
Title: Ratiopharm case highlights common general knowledge requirement
Source: Pharmaceutical Law Insight. Vol. 5 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 6-7.
Summary: Obviousness not over-ruled by common general knowledge with particular point of
knowledge being identified -- pharmaceutical patent infringement -- Ratiopharm GMBH v. Napp
Pharmaceutical holdings -- background to the case -- alleged infringement of coated drug tablet --
patent validity -- analysis of the decision.
Subject: Patent infringement--case law--United Kingdom
Subject: Legal procedure--case law--United Kingdom
Subject: Patent infringement--pharmaceutical industry--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/01284
Author: Howlett, Melanie J. and Cécile Cailac,
Title: Recent French case law on IP infringement, unfair competition and parasitism
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 31-32.
Summary: Unfair competition and parasitism -- civil liability under Civil Code -- intellectual
property infringement -- wrongful act other than reproduction -- risk of confusion -- unjustified
copying -- Puma v Wylson -- trade mark infringement -- Boll*e v Euro -- copyright infringement --
aggravating circumstances to infringement -- servile copy, lower quality or cheaper price --
Chamborelle v Mikli -- Les Choristes v Galatée Films
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--France
Subject: Copyright infringement--case law--France
Subject: Competition (Economics)--case law--France


SNIPER No.: 2009/01327
Author: Vaver, D.
Title: Reforming intellectual property law: an obvious and not-so-obvious agenda: the Stephen
Stewart Lecture for 2008
Source: Intellectual Property Quarterly. No. 2, 2009, pp. 143-161.
Summary: Structural features of intellectual property laws -- IP laws as economic regulators --
characteristics -- failure of IP laws -- difficulties and possible solutions -- possible reforms.
Subject: Intellectual property law--reform



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SNIPER No.: 2009/01241
Author: Zuber, Thomas F.
Title: Registering and enforcing a foreign trademark in the U.S.
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 101-104.
Summary: Trade mark registration -- United States -- first-to-use system -- status of foreign mark
usage -- do a thorough search for prior U.S. use before making an application -- eligibility
requirements may be different from home country -- stipulating bona fide intent to use mark -- well-
known and famous mark protection -- continuous use required after registration -- abandonment,
dilution and tarnishment.
Subject: Trade marks--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01133
Author: Murnane, Graham
Title: The regulation of legal services in Scotland: CIPA response to consultation
Source: CIPA Journal. Vol 38 No. 4, April 2009, p. 249.
Summary: Consultation paper of the regulation of legal services in Scotland -- effect of patent
attorneys -- consultation with CIPA -- Legal Profession Bill 2008 (Scotland).
Subject: Intellectual property industry--law and legislation--Scotland


SNIPER No.: 2009/01140
Author: Hickman, Steve
Title: Reinventing invention: why changing how we invent will change what we patent and what to
do about it
Source: Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society. Vol. 91 No. 2, February 2009, pp.
108-125.
Summary: Determining obviousness in light of technological advances -- US patent system and
non-obviousness requirements -- international inventive step regimes -- impact on the patent
system of technological developments -- policy implications -- objective non-obviousness -- TRIZ --
theory of NP-completeness -- proposed objective standards -- Non-Polynomial Time Problem
Solution standard -- Contradiction Resolution standard -- implications of proposed standards.
Subject: Inventive step--reform


SNIPER No.: 2009/01117
Author: Way, Emma
Title: Rights of personality
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 37-40.
Summary: Personality rights -- privacy and confidentiality -- exploitation of image as a commercial
asset -- trade mark registration -- passing-off -- character merchandising -- other forms of
protection -- copyright -- editorial complaints -- advertising standards and trade descriptions --
defamation -- Data Protection Act 1998 (United Kingdom) -- Human Rights Act 1998 (United
Kingdom).
Subject: Personality rights




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SNIPER No.: 2009/01058
Author: Zink, Ronald
Title: The role of IP in promoting economic growth through innovation
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 23-29.
Summary: Role of intellectual property and innovation in promoting economic growth and
competitiveness -- company benefits -- turning R&D into business assets -- higher value of
patented inventions -- patents attract investment -- small and medium enterprise (SME) reliance on
intellectual property -- general economic benefits -- open innovation and collaboration benefits -- IP
protection as a promoter of interoperability -- public research benefits.
Subject: Patents--economics
Subject: Economic development


SNIPER No.: 2009/01231
Author: Liu, Rong
Title: Room for IP protection improvement: an interview with Zhao Jiaxiang
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 29, March-April 2009, pp. 50-52.
Summary: Analysis of intellectual property disputes between Henan Zhenglong Food Co. Ltd.
(Baixiang) and Sichuan Baijia Food Co. Ltd. (Baijia) -- design patent invalidation proceedings --
effect of trade mark case on design patent -- lessons from the Baixiang v. Baijia cases.
Subject: Zhao Jiaxiang--interviews
Subject: Intellectual property litigation--manufacturing and processing industry--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00968
Author: Oron, Gadi
Title: Ruling boosts IP owners in internet cases
Source: Managing Intellectual Property. No. 187, March 2009, pp. 42-43.
Summary: Disclosure of identity of suspected online pirates by ISPs -- Israel -- Brokertov v.
Google Israel -- cybersquatting -- legal framework governing Israeli ISPs -- flexible approach
adopted by Brokertov judge -- decision important for rights owners -- several key questions
regarding user privacy and ISP disclosure requirements still unanswered.
Subject: Carriage service providers--case law--Israel
Subject: Cybersquatting--case law--Israel
Subject: Internet--case law--Israel


SNIPER No.: 2009/01275
Author: Yorsh, Andrei
Title: Russia and Kazakhstan: judicial relief for injury to intellectual property rights caused by
cybersquatters
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 3, March 2009, pp. 34-37.
Summary: Trademark protection -- Russia and Kazakhstan -- trade marks law and civil code --
domain name registration regulations -- cybersquatting and typosquatting -- infringement of trade
mark owners' rights -- domain name owners' rights -- international treaties -- unfair competition --
jurisdiction for lawsuits
Subject: Trade mark owners' rights--Russia
Subject: Trade mark owners' rights--Kazakhstan
Subject: Domain names--Russia
Subject: Domain names--Kazakhstan




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SNIPER No.: 2009/01205
Author: Geist, Michael A. (Michael Allen), 1968-
Title: Secrecy and controversy
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, p. 31.
Summary: Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) negotiations -- complete lack of
transparency -- content only known through leaks -- negotiation apparently centring on IP rights
enforcement section -- considerable public distrust because of secrecy of negotiations -- value of
making draft documents available to public.
Subject: Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
Subject: Counterfeiting--treaties
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--treaties


SNIPER No.: 2009/00938
Author: Liu, Wutang
Title: Several issues concerning the evaluation of intellectual property as a pledge
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 54-56.
Summary: Loan scheme for borrowing against IP rights -- China -- need for stable evaluation
model -- special characteristics of IP as finance security -- factors influencing IP valuation -- legal
factors -- patent technology and trade mark maintenance factors -- economics factors.
Subject: Business assistance--China
Subject: Small and medium enterprises--funding--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01123
Author: Wong, Kenny K. S. and Eugene I. Low
Title: "Shadow companies" in Hong Kong
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Mergers and acquisitions and intellectual
property. Washington: BNA International, October 2008. pp. 27-29.
Summary: Adoption of famous brand names as part of a business name -- Hong Kong -- passing-
off -- current law and practice -- problems with current approach -- practice in mainland China --
trade mark protection -- unfair competition -- ongoing consultation on law reform in Hong Kong.
Subject: Passing-off--Hong Kong
Subject: Commercial names--Hong Kong


SNIPER No.: 2009/01079
Title: Sharing technology to meet a common challenge: navigating proposals for patent pools,
patent commons and open innovation
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 2, April 2009, pp. 4-7.
Summary: Climate change challenges for international community -- nature and purpose of patent
pooling -- scope of covered technologies -- legal issues -- incentives to participate -- regulatory
environment -- technology sharing models -- patent pools -- patent commons -- licensing -- patent
non-assertion agreements -- humanitarian or preferential licensing -- public domain -- open
innovation and open source -- need to encourage "collective endeavour".
Subject: Patent pools
Subject: Environmental issues in intellectual property




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SNIPER No.: 2009/01400
Author: Stern, Stephen and Katerina Makris
Title: Should Australia implement a full GI system?
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 39-45.
Summary: Australia's current law to protect geographical indications (GI) is inadequate -- no legal
protection given to non-wine GIs -- potential GIs for other products such as cheeses and wool --
use of GIs in respect of genuine products -- non-genuine use of GIs -- current protection available
to GIs in Australia -- Trade Practices Act -- Trade Marks Act -- passing off -- suggested reforms to
expand GI protection and introduce protection for non-wine GIs -- introduce uniform system --
economic benefits.
Subject: Geographical indicators--Australia


SNIPER No.: 2009/01088
Author: Rose, Nicholas and Louisa Albertini
Title: Silberquelle v. Maselli-Strickmode: ECJ rules that giving away promotional goods does not
amount to genuine use
Source: Trademark World. No. 217, May 2009, pp. 13-14.
Summary: Background Silberquelle case -- definition for a requirement of use from a qualitative
point of view -- genuine use -- ruling of European Court of Justice (ECJ) -- trade mark as guarantee
of origin -- impact on brand owners.
Subject: Trade mark use--case law
Subject: Trade mark registration


SNIPER No.: 2009/00957
Author: Churchill, Richard, James Chin, Frank Peo, Luis Gonzales,and Daniel Lorence
Title: Social justice and IP rights: Thailand's argument for non-negotiated compulsory licensing
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 2, 2009, pp. 141-
154.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "IP, global health, and biomedicine", edited by Dr
Daniel Lorence.
Summary: Implementation of unilateral patent use policies, rather than individually negotiated
compulsory licences -- key issues in Thailand's compulsory licensing -- rationale behind Thai
government moves in instituting compulsory licences -- why the Thai government did not choose to
use prior negotiation -- why negotiation requests from patent owners have not been accepted
before issuing compulsory licences -- criteria for determining which drugs to licence and the royalty
fees to be paid -- benefits to Thai government and Thai people -- implications for Thai export and
economy -- trade retaliation implications -- intra-government consultation -- implications for drug
research and development in Thailand -- views of World Health Organisation (WHO) and Thai
public -- quality of licensed products.
Subject: Compulsory licensing--Thailand
Subject: Pharmaceuticals--Thailand


SNIPER No.: 2009/01269
Author: Bivins, Amy E.
Title: Software locks on movies, music, iPhones produce latest calls for DMCA exemptions
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 2, February 2009, pp. 22-24.
Summary: Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DCMA) -- prohibition on circumventing technological
protections -- digital rights management (DRM) -- Copyright Office considers exemption requests --
exemptions requested for Linux users and goods purchased from defunct DRM stores -- exemption
for forensic investigations -- unlocking wireless devices -- exemption for "jailbreaking" -- educators
seek additional leeway -- renewal of existing exemptions
Subject: United States. Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998)
Subject: Circumvention--law and legislation--United States


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SNIPER No.: 2009/01131
Author: Guadamuz González, Andrés
Title: Software patentability: emerging legal issues
Source: WIPO Magazine. No. 6, December 2008, pp. 15-17.
Summary: Intellectual property and software -- difficulties with legal classification -- patentability --
challenges for WIPO.
Subject: Computer-related inventions--patentability


SNIPER No.: 2009/00942
Author: Zhang, Ping
Title: Solutions to digital copyright issues under the existing legal framework: a perspective of
digital library
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 88-91.
Summary: Authorisation of digital copyright -- China -- voluntary contract between disseminator of
copyright works and copyright owner -- publisher as an agent for copyright authorisation --
professional copyright firms as agents for authorisation of digital works -- copyright pools -- using
network service providers to collect and pay royalties -- implied license -- use of copyright
disclaimers to minimise risk -- open source licensing -- self-service licensing.
Subject: Electronic copyright--China
Subject: Copyright licensing--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/00828
Author: Ventose, Eddy D. (Eddy David), 1976-
Title: The standard of proof applicable to substantive examination of UK patents
Source: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 308-310.
Summary: Patent examination procedure -- standard of proof for patentability clarified -- based on
balance of probabilities -- United Kingdom -- Blacklight Power Inc. v. Comptroller-General of
Patents -- legal context -- facts of the case -- analysis of the decision -- practical significance.
Subject: Inventive step--case law--United Kingdom
Subject: Patent disclosure--case law--United Kingdom
Subject: Patent examination--procedure--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/01283
Author: Hussey, Geoff and Gavin Lawson
Title: Status of the insufficiency/obviousness squeeze: an appraisal of the House of Lords'
Generics et al v Lundbeck judgments
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 27-31.
Summary: Lundbeck case -- concepts of novelty, obviousness and sufficiency looked at
separately -- Biogen Inc v Medeva plc -- "Biogen insufficiency" -- product claims -- product-by-
process claims -- class of products or processes claims -- inventive concept -- technical
contribution to the art -- method of making the product -- different types of insufficiency
Subject: Inventive step--case law--United Kingdom
Subject: Patent claims--case law--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/01265
Author: Standeford, Dugie and Kaitlin Mara
Title: Swedish Pirate Bay sentences ignite reaction on both sides
Source: Intellectual Property Watch. Vol. 6 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 5-6.
Summary: Reaction to Pirate Bay copyright infringement case -- key issue revolves around
secondary liability -- anti-copyright backlash -- legal use of peer-to-peer (P2P) technologies not
affected -- The Pirate Bay not likely to be the last "pirate" technology site -- need for rights owners
to amend their business models, adapt to changing technology.

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Subject: Copyright infringement--case law--Sweden
Subject: Copyright infringement--culture and entertainment industry
Subject: Internet


SNIPER No.: 2009/01091
Author: Davies, Isabel M., Susan Barty, and Philip Carnell
Title: Tackling keywords: Germany becomes second EU country in two months to raise questions
with the ECJ
Source: Trademark World. No. 217, May 2009, pp. 20-21.
Summary: Questions directed to ECJ by several European countries -- link between sponsored
search engine keywords and trade mark infringement -- Google's policy change -- delay before
ECJ offers its final opinion.
Subject: Internet--Europe
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01287
Author: Jones, Emma
Title: Team building
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, pp. 12-15.
Summary: Interview with Ronald Crawford, IP and brand protection manager, Arsenal Football
Club -- management of intellectual property assets -- brand protection efforts -- gaining maximum
value from club brand -- counterfeiting and fakes -- club jerseys -- ticket fraud -- cooperation with
other football teams -- impact of Arsenal v. Reid case.
Subject: Intellectual property management--tourism and recreation industry--United Kingdom
Subject: Counterfeiting--tourism and recreation industry--United Kingdom


SNIPER No.: 2009/01059
Author: Sullivan, Patrick H. and Alexander J. Wurzer
Title: Ten common myths about intangibles value and valuation
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 31-34.
Summary: Intellectual property value and valuation -- myths about value -- value not a well-
defined term -- value equal to what someone will pay -- value equal to cost of item creation -- one
official value for each intangible -- myths about valuation -- company balance sheet provides good
information about intangible values -- fair market value useful in determining valuation -- only one
accepted method for valuing intangibles -- actual market price should equal previously estimated
value -- value of intangibles is the difference between a company's market value and tangible
assets.
Subject: Value of intellectual property


SNIPER No.: 2009/01116
Author: Stopps, David
Title: Term extension for sound recordings: how will it work for performers?
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 33-35.
Summary: European proposal to increase copyright protection for sound recordings -- change
from 50 years from first release to 95 years -- disparity between performers' rights and rights of
musical authors -- effects for stakeholders -- music producers -- session musicians -- featured
artists -- European proposal considered flawed -- change to extension of performers' rights only --
US approaches.
Subject: Neighbouring rights--reform--Europe
Subject: Copyright terms--Europe



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SNIPER No.: 2009/01093
Author: Cushley, Declan and Tom McLaughlin
Title: "There ain't no F in morality": the development of trademark law with regard to public policy
and morality
Source: Trademark World. No. 217, May 2009, pp. 26-27.
Summary: UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO) -- immorality grounds for refusing a trade mark
application -- criminal connotations -- religious connotations -- explicit / taboo signs -- cases
considered by Office of Harmonization for the Internal Market (OHIM) -- contradictory case law.
Subject: Trade mark registrability--case law
Subject: Public policy
Subject: Ethics


SNIPER No.: 2009/01208
Author: Steinhauser, Paul and Milica Antic
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Benelux
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 78-79.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Benelux -- effect of IP Rights Enforcement Directive --
interlocutory injunctions -- securing evidence -- sequestration of infringing goods -- legal costs --
summary proceedings and ancillary claims -- parallel imports.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Benelux


SNIPER No.: 2009/01209
Author: Carneiro, Rodrigo Borges
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Brazil
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 80-81.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Brazil -- new enforcement tools encouraging owners to
protect their rights -- nullity actions -- civil infringement cases -- cease and desist letters -- benefits
of criminal procedures -- civil actions -- evidence procedures -- infringement remedies.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Brazil


SNIPER No.: 2009/01210
Author: Robbins, Mark L. and John Simpson
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Canada
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 82-83.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Canada -- infringement of registered marks -- passing off --
depreciation of goodwill -- choice of courts -- legal procedure and remedies -- pre-trial orders --
other enforcement mechanisms.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Canada


SNIPER No.: 2009/01211
Author: Wang, Meryl H.
Title: Trade mark enforcement: China
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 84-85.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- China -- administrative actions -- Administration for
Industry and Commerce (AIC) -- AIC procedure -- advantages and disadvantages -- General
Administration of Customs (GAC) -- judicial remedies -- civil litigation -- pre-trial preliminary
injunctions -- civil remedies -- criminal litigation -- Swarovski case study.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01212
Author: Unmack, Louise and Martin Sick Nielsen
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Denmark

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Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 86-87.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Denmark -- preliminary proceedings -- entitlement to bring
proceedings -- format of proceedings -- rules of evidence -- main hearing -- remedies -- appeals --
timeframe.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Denmark


SNIPER No.: 2009/01213
Author: Pygall, Alexandra and Daniel Royle
Title: Trade mark enforcement: European Union
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 88-89.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Europe -- IP Rights Enforcement Directive -- evidence --
right to information -- provisional and precautionary measures -- remedies -- implementation of
Directive -- Customs Regulation -- likely future developments.
Subject: Europe. Directive on Measures and Procedures to Ensure the Enforcement of Intellectual
Property Rights (2004)
Subject: Europe. Regulation concerning Customs Action against Goods Suspected of Infringing
Certain Intellectual Property Rights and the Measures to be Taken against Goods found to have
Infringed such Rights (2003)
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01214
Author: Weber, Nils and Kajia Grabienski
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Germany
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 90-91.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Germany -- claims that can be made against an infringer --
legal procedure -- border measures.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Germany


SNIPER No.: 2009/01215
Author: Prasad, Ashish
Title: Trade mark enforcement: India
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 92-93.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- India -- civil remedies -- limitation and delays in filing
actions -- criminal remedies -- border control measures -- choosing the correct strategy.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--India


SNIPER No.: 2009/01216
Author: Luzzatto, Kfir and Moshe Bartal
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Israel
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 94-95.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Israel -- enforcement before the Registrar of Trademarks --
conflicting applications -- cancellation proceedings -- enforcement proceedings in the courts -- civil
complaints -- damages -- grant of additional relief -- interlocutory relief -- alternative grounds for
complaint -- criminal proceedings -- enforcement proceedings by government agencies -- customs
-- police.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Israel


SNIPER No.: 2009/01217
Author: Verducci-Galletti, Simone and Donatella Prandin
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Italy
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 96-97.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Italy -- creation of specialised IP courts -- legal procedure -

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- enforcement, Italian style -- what can be enforced -- interim injunctions -- damages -- discovery.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Italy


SNIPER No.: 2009/01218
Author: Arenas, Armando
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Mexico
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 98-99.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Mexico -- notorious and well-known marks -- evidence --
risk of association of marks -- unauthorised profits -- tarnishment -- dilution -- famous trade marks -
- infringement proceedings.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Mexico


SNIPER No.: 2009/01219
Author: Melander Stene, Toril and Line Schartum-Hansen
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Norway
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 100-101.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Norway -- civil proceedings -- court mediation -- preliminary
injunctions -- criminal proceedings -- alternative dispute resolution (ADR) -- customs surveillance.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Norway


SNIPER No.: 2009/01220
Author: Cunha Ferreira, Gonçalo da and Francisca Ferreira Pinto
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Portugal
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 102-103.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Portugal -- implementation of IP Rights Enforcement
Directive -- fair compensation for infringement -- other remedies -- issues with IP Rights Directive
implementation.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Portugal


SNIPER No.: 2009/01221
Author: Vilau, Dragos M. and Ionut Lupsa
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Romania
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 104-105.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Romania -- trade mark rights -- rights in trade names --
criminal proceedings.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Romania


SNIPER No.: 2009/01222
Author: Ivanov, Alexey
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Russia
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 106-107.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Russia -- parallel court systems -- procedural differences --
jurisdictional disputes.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Romania


SNIPER No.: 2009/01223
Author: Sousa, João Miranda de and Andrea Sirimarco
Title: Trade mark enforcement: Spain
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 108-109.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- Spain -- implementation of the IP Rights Enforcement
Directive -- recent case law.

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Subject: Trade mark enforcement--Spain


SNIPER No.: 2009/01224
Author: Lackert, Clark W. and Courtland Reichman
Title: Trade mark enforcement: United States
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 110-111.
Summary: Trade mark enforcement -- United States -- initial monitoring and investigation -- cease
and desist letters -- alternatives to litigation -- litigation actions -- anti-counterfeiting actions --
customs and border protection.
Subject: Trade mark enforcement--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01397
Author: Bender, Mark
Title: Trade marks in search engine marketing: fair use, abuse or obtuse?
Source: Intellectual Property Forum. No. 76, March 2009, pp. 11-17.
Summary: Legality of use of trade marks in search engine marketing by persons other than owner
of marks -- position in United States and Australia -- approaches by courts and legislators -- no
legislative provisions or Australian case law to provide clear guidance for use -- growth of search
engine marketing -- need to consider what constitutes use as mark in Internet context to provide
certainty to development of marketing strategy.
Subject: Trade mark use
Subject: Internet
Subject: Marketing


SNIPER No.: 2009/00993
Author: Dolder, Fritz
Title: Traditional knowledge and patenting: the experience of the Neemfungicide and the Hoodia
cases
Source: Biotechnology Law Report. Vol.26 No. 6, December 2007, pp. 583-590.
Summary: Patentability of materials essentially based on traditional knowledge -- Neemfungicide
case -- EPO patent examination (1990-1994) -- opposition process (1995-2001) -- appeal process
(2001-2005) -- no inventive step, patent rejected -- contrasting experience in the Hoodia case --
inventive step allowed, no oppositions filed -- European Patent Office seems to prefer use
technical objections in biopiracy cases, rather than morality issues -- prior use of traditional
knowledge difficult to prove where no published sources available -- statutory disclosure of origin
not yet useful in countering biopiracy.
Subject: Traditional knowledge--case law--Europe
Subject: Traditional knowledge--patentability--Europe
Subject: Biopiracy--case law--Europe


SNIPER No.: 2009/01204
Author: Alpert, Rochelle D.
Title: TTAB provides further guidance on fraud
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, p. 13.
Summary: Fraudulent registration claims against one class of a multi-class trade mark application
-- United States -- USPTO's Trademark Trial and Appeal Board -- G&W Laboratories Inc. v. GW
Pharma Limited -- multi-class applications treated a series of single class applications -- attempt to
delete claimed classes after cancellation actions filed not permitted.
Subject: Trade mark cancellation--case law--United States
Subject: Trade mark applications--case law--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01198

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Author: Koch, David W. and Darrell M. Johnson
Title: Turning to franchising in troubled times
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 63-66.
Summary: Franchising as a successful business model for economic recession -- outlook for
franchised businesses -- franchising in recessionary times -- advantages of franchising business
model.
Subject: Franchising


SNIPER No.: 2009/01282
Author: Dutra, Tony
Title: U.S. patent community fears implications of Federal Circuit's Tafas decision
Source: World Intellectual Property Report. Vol. 23 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 24-26.
Summary: Tafas v Doll -- US Patent and Trademark Office -- rule-making authority to restrict
patent applications -- continuation applications -- request for continued examination (RCE) -- limits
on claims -- procedural rules -- substantive rules -- examination support documents (ESD)
requirement -- retroactivity questioned -- possible review or new approach
Subject: United States Patent and Trademark Office--procedure
Subject: Patent applications--procedure--United States


SNIPER No.: 2009/01288
Author: Bourne, Josh, J. Scott Evans, Alistair Payne, and Paul Levins
Title: Uncharted territory
Source: IP Review. No. 26, Summer 2009, pp. 16-21.
Summary: Introduction of additional tier of generic top-level domains (gTLDs) -- brand owners
concerned about impact -- ICANN plans dramatically increase complexity of obtaining domain
names -- onus for recovery from cybersquatters is on brand owner -- exponential cost increase --
competition in domain name registration system -- building strategies for defending brands online --
good opportunities for brand specific domains -- good system for resolving domain name disputes
through URDP -- high complainant success rate -- wide consultation before ICANN proposed
changes to gTLDs -- improvements for Internet users -- domain name competition.
Subject: Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy
Subject: Domain names
Subject: Domain name registration
Subject: Cybersquatting


SNIPER No.: 2009/01264
Author: Viana, Liza Porteus
Title: US Special 301 process: a love-hate relationship for stakeholders
Source: Intellectual Property Watch. Vol. 6 No. 5, May 2009, pp. 3-4.
Summary: Office of United States Trade Representative (USTR) annual report on inadequate
protection of US intellectual property rights -- 12 countries on priority watch list and 33 countries on
lower-level list -- Special 301 list traditionally used to create political pressure on US trade partners
-- civil liberties groups very concerned about effect on developing countries that are exercising
valid TRIPs rights -- allegations that 301 Report only serves interest of US corporations.
Subject: Intellectual property rights
Subject: Intellectual property enforcement


SNIPER No.: 2009/00958
Author: Jameson, Robert, James Chin, Frank Peo, Luis Gonzales, and Daniel Lorence
Title: Using IP law as a medical patient safety tool: efforts from the US and China
Source: International Journal of Intellectual Property Management. Vol. 3 No. 2, 2009, pp. 155-
168.
General Note: Special issue of journal, titled "IP, global health, and biomedicine", edited by Dr

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Daniel Lorence.
Summary: Prevention of pharmaceutical counterfeiting -- intellectual property rights and health
care -- measures to combat counterfeiting -- United States -- joint efforts with other jurisdictions --
IP enforcement and technical assistance -- IP enforcement in China -- USPTO initiatives in China -
- Chinese accession to WIPO internet treaties -- challenges and recommendations concerning
China.
Subject: Counterfeiting--United States
Subject: Counterfeiting--China
Subject: Pharmaceuticals


SNIPER No.: 2009/01136
Author: Palermo, Christopher J.
Title: USPTO withdraws rule change proposals after mixed court decision
Source: CIPA Journal. Vol. 38 No. 4, April 2009, pp. 255-257.
Summary: Changes to USPTO practice and procedure halted -- 2006 change proposal -- litigation
by SmithKlineBeecham -- appeal to Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) -- way forward
for USPTO.
Subject: United States Patent and Trademark Office--procedure
Subject: United States Patent and Trademark Office--case law


SNIPER No.: 2009/01092
Author: Phillips, Nick and Sarah Shears
Title: Virtual protection: second life avatars do battle in US District Court of New York over use of
trademarks in a virtual world
Source: Trademark World. No. 217, May 2009, pp. 22-24.
Summary: Richard Minsky -- proceedings in District Court of New York -- trade mark infringement
trade mark SLART -- infringement occurred in Second Life -- previous cases settled before trial.
Subject: Trade mark infringement--case law--United States
Subject: Trade mark enforcement
Subject: Internet


SNIPER No.: 2009/01200
Author: Tsang, Howard and Lilian Shi
Title: WAHAHA remains in Chinese hands
Source: World Trademark Review. No. 19, June/July 2009, pp. 16-17.
Summary: Dispute over ownership of WAHAHA trade mark -- end of joint venture between
Danone and Hangzhou Foods Co. Ltd. -- trade mark licensing dispute.
Subject: Trade mark licensing--case law--China
Subject: Trade mark ownership--case law--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01144
Author: Mikuriya, Kunio
Title: WCO action against counterfeiting
Source: World Trademark Review. Anti-counterfeiting: a Global Guide, 2009, pp. 15-17.
Summary: Counterfeiting -- World Customs Organisation actions -- counterfeit seizure statistics --
role of customs in enforcing IP rights -- customs capacity building.
Subject: World Customs Organisation
Subject: Counterfeiting


SNIPER No.: 2009/00936
Author: Li, Doris
Title: "We expect a promising future for IP pledge loan": an interview with the Bank of Beijing

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Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 48-50.
Summary: Loan scheme for borrowing against IP rights -- China -- Bank of Beijing pledge loan
products and development -- procedures for using service -- risks to bank -- difficulties in
repossessing IP assets in loan defaults -- role of government -- future prospects for IP-secured
transactions.
Subject: Business assistance--China
Subject: Small and medium enterprises--funding--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01061
Author: Adams, Mary andPeder Hofman-Bang
Title: The weakest link in corporate IAM
Source: Intellectual Asset Management. No. 35, May/June 2009, pp. 65-70.
Summary: Intellectual asset valuation poorly understood and managed by companies -- definition
of IAM -- IC Rating (ICR) methodology -- assessment of IAM costs -- factors impacting patent
valuation -- approaches for successful valuation -- rating sample -- overall findings of 430 ratings
studies -- lessons for asset managers.
Subject: Value of intellectual property--management


SNIPER No.: 2009/01112
Author: Kaye, Laurence
Title: What's hot in digital media law?
Source: Bhaumik, Mala and McLaurin, Amelia (ed.), Music and intellectual property. Washington:
BNA International, December 2008. pp. 11-16.
Summary: Current digital media legal issues -- definition of digital media -- what areas need
regulation are how should they be regulated -- liability issues -- Internet service providers (ISPs) --
social networks -- boundary between public and private domains -- format shifting -- issues arising
from transition from analogue to digital media.
Subject: Electronic copyright--trends


SNIPER No.: 2009/00941
Author: Li, Wei
Title: "When COAPU is no longer needed, then we will be successful": interview with Tong Zhilei,
Secretary General of COAPU
Source: China Intellectual Property. No. 28, January-February 2009, pp. 79-81.
Summary: Chinese Online Anti-Piracy Union (COAPU) -- reasons for setting up COAPU -- three-
dimensional pattern protection -- COAPU's role compared to other copyright organisations -- how
COAPU operates -- problems facing COAPU -- anti-piracy environment and punitive damages
systems.
Subject: Tong Zhilei--interviews
Subject: Copyright infringement--interviews--China
Subject: Electronic copyright--interviews--China
Subject: Piracy--interviews--China


SNIPER No.: 2009/01077
Author: Foreman, Sally
Title: WIPO proposal for a paperless URDP: "green, efficient, forward-looking, effective, modern
and expedited"
Source: Internet Law Bulletin. Vol. 12 No. 2, April 2009, p. 30.
Summary: Proposal to change Uniform Dispute Resolution Procedure (URDP) -- elimination of
hard copy documentation requirement for domain name disputes -- expected time and cost
savings.
Subject: Domain name dispute resolution--procedure


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