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D is for Drum A Teachers Guide

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 24

  • pg 1
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                        D is for Drum
                 A Native American Alphabet
             Authors: Michael & Debbie Shoulders
                    Illustrator: Irving Toddy

                  Guide written by Cheryl Grinn

Portions may be reproduced for use in the classroom with this
       express written consent of Sleeping Bear Press

                     Published by
                 Sleeping Bear Press
               310 N. Main St., Suite 300
                  Chelsea, MI 48118
                     800-487-2323
              www.sleepingbearpress.com
                  Native American Tribes
                    from A to Z

D is for Drum is a wonderful book that describes many of the
unique traditions of past and present Native Americans. Many
different tribes are mentioned throughout the book. Read this great
book and then put these tribes in alphabetical order.

Zuni       Cherokee     Comanche      Huron      Choctaw     Sioux
Tlingit    Inuit        Iroquois      Navajo     Hopi
Assateague Anasazi      Chinook       Xai Xais

1. ___________________________
2. ___________________________
3. ___________________________
4. ___________________________
5. ___________________________
6. ___________________________
7. ___________________________
8. ___________________________
9. ___________________________
10. __________________________
11. __________________________
12. __________________________
13. __________________________
14. __________________________
15. __________________________
     What Makes a Shaman Special?

A shaman, also called a healer, plays a very important role in many
native tribes. Discover the responsibilities of a shaman on the S
page of D is for Drum.
Make a list of all of the attributes that would make a good shaman.
Example—must have patience




Why would you, or wouldn’t you, make a good shaman? Do you
have some of the attributes necessary?

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What is the most important task a shaman has?
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               The Bountiful Bison
Native Americans are not wasteful people. Plains Indians used the
bison in many ways. Discover some of the ingenious uses for the
bison in D is for Drum.

Circle all of the ways the bison was used by Native Americans.

1. hides for bedding
2. hides for shelter
3. hides for rugs
4. bones as weapons
5. bones as tools
6. bones as combs
7. bones as toothbrushes
8. chewing gum from knuckles
9. ropes from hair
10. bowstrings from hair
11. shoes from hair
12. soap from fat
13. soup from fat
14. jewelry from fat
Music is a universal language. You can enjoy the sound of a
people’s music without ever knowing their language. Discover all
the different types of instruments used by Native American tribes
in D is for Drum.

Design your own drum or rattle.
Consider the different objects you could place in a rattle to produce
unique sounds. Be creative!
Consider the different types of containers you could use. Different
containers will produce different sounds.
The same holds true for a drum. Consider the container you could
use and the covering which will produce your sound.




Make your design and join with other members of your class to
produce music using these instruments.
                     Vegetable Graph
Corn is a very important vegetable to many Native Americans.
Discover another name for corn in D is for Drum. Native
Americans call corn ______________________.

Survey your class and a younger class to find which of the
following vegetables each student prefers.

CORN             POTATOES             BEANS         SQUASH




Use this data to make a bar graph. Remember to label your graph.
Make it colorful. (Use a different color for each vegetable!)
                 The Sound of Music

Music has always been an important part of Native American
culture. Learn about several popular instruments in D is for Drum.
There are three kinds of instruments that are common to cultures
throughout the world. See how many instruments you can think of
in each group.

Wind instruments—these are played by blowing




Percussion instruments—these are played by striking




String instruments—these are played by plucking
                          Yup’ik Masks
Storytelling is a wonderful way to teach and learn. Many cultures
use masks to portray characters in their storytelling. Read about the
unique masks made by the Inuit in D is for Drum.
Write a story about your adventure as an Inuit. Make sure you use
characters from nature so that you can make a variety of masks to
wear during your storytelling.

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                                  Fish with the Xai Xais
                                   Math
Enjoy reading about the Xai Xais tribe in D is for Drum. In which country will
you find the Xai Xais ? _______________________________

Solve these fish problems.

1. The Xai Xais fishermen caught 2,000 pounds of salmon on
Monday, 500 pounds on Tuesday, and 1,800 pounds on Wednesday.
What was the average number of pounds of fish caught per day?
________________________



2. One young fisherman can clean 315 fish a day. How many fish can
7 fishermen clean?
________________________________________



3. Fisherman One caught 86 fish, Fisherman Two caught 108 fish.
How many more fish did Fisherman Two catch?
________________________________



4. Salmon run in schools. There were 20,000 fish in a large school of
salmon. 25% of the fish were caught by fishermen. How many
salmon were caught? _______________ How many escaped?
__________________________
                            Read All About
                             It!!
                                          Graphic Organizer

Learn about the exciting game of Lacrosse in the great book D is
for Drum.
Use this information to write a newspaper article about the game.
Pretend you are writing it right after a huge, fierce game. Use this
graphic organizer to help you organize your story.

WHO _______________________________________________
WHAT ______________________________________________
WHERE _____________________________________________
WHEN ______________________________________________
WHY _______________________________________________
HOW _______________________________________________

Write your story.

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Native Americans lived on this land long before Europeans
arrived. Discover what happened to some tribes on the G page of D
is for Drum.
Write an opinion letter stating who you think had the rights to the
land and why.

1. Clearly state your opinion.
2. Give 3 facts that support your opinion.
3. Restate your opinion using different words.

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                                                Pictographs

Native Americans often tell their stories using pictures. Throughout the
Southwest you can find pictures on cave walls left by early people. D is for
Drum is an excellent resource to learn more about the skills of Native
Americans.

Pictographs are word pictures. Write a Native American pictograph story.
Begin in the center and draw your pictures in a circle to the left. This may
take a little planning and perhaps a rough draft to make sure you have
enough room.
The naming of a baby is a very important event for Native
Americans. Names are chosen with great care and thought. Learn
how the Hopi use corn when naming a child in the book D is for
Drum.

Write an acrostic poem that describes you. Use each letter of your
name and then words that start with that letter to describe you.

Example- G-generous, good friend, game player
         A- always on time, apple eater
         R- redhead, responsible, rowdy
         Y- yells at games, young at heart


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The Zuni people are skilled pottery makers. Discover the unique
ways they make and paint their pottery in D is for Drum.

Using balanced geometric designs, draw and color a design of your
own on this piece of pottery.
                     Make a Quillwork
                      Armband
How would you like to pluck quills from a porcupine? OUCH!
Actually Native Americans use the quills from porcupines to make
beautiful designs on many objects. Learn about these gifted artists in
D is for Drum.

Follow the directions to make your own quillwork armband. (You
won’t have to get quills from a porcupine.)

Materials
3-inch-wide band of felt. Cut and sew so that it fits snugly on your
arm.
Toothpicks—either flat or round
Dye—yellow, black, blue, red

Directions
1. Use directions on the dye package to make dye. Put each color in a
different container.
2. Place toothpicks in bowls of dye overnight. Make sure the dye
covers the toothpicks.
3. Let the dyed toothpicks dry on paper towels.
4. Plan a geometric design using your toothpicks on a separate piece
of paper.
5. Use scissors to cut the toothpicks to sizes needed for your design.
6. Glue designs on armband. Use strong fabric glue.
7. Let armband dry overnight.
8. ENJOY!
                      A Special Place

Some Pueblo people have a special place designed for certain
members of the tribe to perform special ceremonies. Explore this
place on the K page of D is for Drum.
Describe your special place, either real or imaginary. When do you
go there? What makes it special?


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Draw a picture of your place.
                               It’s in the Stars!
First Nation people are very in tune with nature and the Earth and stars.
Many of their stories involve experiences they have with nature. Enjoy
reading about First Nation people in D is for Drum.

Pretend you are a member of a First Nation tribe. You go outside one night
and discover a group of stars that no one has seen before.
Draw this constellation and tell the story of how it came to be!




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Now that you’ve written your story you must learn it. Storytellers
never read their story to the audience. They learn it and then tell it
to their audience.
Storytelling ideas
1. Practice in a place where you can listen to yourself.
2. Use a video recorder or tape recorder to look at yourself or listen
to yourself. This will really help you to see areas that need
improvement.
3. Be dramatic when you speak.
4. Use BIG gestures with your hands.

Design four different masks to wear while telling your story.




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                         My Totem Story
Learn about the long tradition associated with the totem pole in D is for
Drum. A totem takes a long time to carve and lasts for many years.
Draw a totem pole to tell your family history or a family story.




Explain your totem story.
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             Track Down the Answers

If you put on your tracking shoes and look through the book D is for Drum,
you’re sure to find these answers! Happy Hunting!

1. What did Native Americans consider the best type of wood for making a
canoe?__________________________________________

2. Which ancient tribe built elaborate stone and clay buildings?
_____________________________________________________

3. Name the type of boat the Inuit used for hunting whales:
__________________________

4. What was the second most important musical instrument to the Native
American?____________________________________

5. What tree did the Osage use to make bows and arrows?
___________________________________

6. Name the tribe that uses corn in their naming ceremony:
___________________________________

7. Toli was the original game of stickball that lead to the game of:
____________________________________

8. Name the two tribes that created the Squash Blossom Necklace:
___________________________

9. Name the first tribe to have horses:__________________________
               Horses and Dogs
                        A Venn Diagram


You will discover how both dogs and horses were important to the
early people on the plains in D is for Drum.

Draw a Venn diagram comparing horses and dogs and the roles
they played in helping early native tribes.
D is for Drum explains what a vision quest is and why it is so
important to many Native Americans. Pretend you are a young
Native American boy or girl and it is time for you to go on your
vision quest.
Write a story about your quest. What did you encounter during
your time in the forest? How long were you there? What did you
discover about your future?


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             Weave Like a Navajo
The Navajo women are famous for their weaving skills. Read
about these skilled weavers in D is for Drum, a book about Native
Americans.
Remember that their designs are one of a kind and made to show
motion. Draw your design on the rug below.
                       Answer Sheet
                       D is for Drum


Native American Tribes from A to Z: Anasazi,
Assateague, Cherokee, Chinook, Choctaw, Comanche,
Hopi, Huron,
Inuit, Iroquois, Navajo, Sioux, Tlingit, Xai Xais, Zuni

The Bountiful Bison: hides as rugs, bones as
toothbrushes, hair shoes, fat soup, jewelry from fat

Track Down the Answers: 1) white birch 2) Anasazi 3)
Umiak 4) rattle 5) Osage orange 6) Hopi 7) Lacrosse
8) Navajo & Zuni 9) Comanche

Fish with the Xai Xais: 1) 1,400       2) 2,205   3) 22   4)
5,000, 15,000

								
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