Presentation+Maldives

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					         Presented by: Hisan Hassan
IDP Support Officer – NDMC, Govt. of Maldives



    15th -16th September 2009


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      National Disaster Management Centre - Maldives
   From 19 – 24 November 2007, an international
    team of experts on Disaster Risk Reduction and
    two members of the ADRRN International
    Project Team conducted a field mission to the
    five selected Islands (Milandhoo, Funadhoo,
    Komandoo, Foakaidhoo and Kan’ditheem).
   Community consultations were conducted
    with community representatives from each of
    the island.
   Group discussions were held with Government
    departments at all levels - National, aid
    agencies and local NGOs.
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                                   Kandhitheem




                                                   Foakaidhoo

                                                                Milandhoo




                                                                    Funadhoo




                       Komandhoo



                      Map of Shaviyani Atoll, Maldives




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National Disaster Management Centre - Maldives
   The team consulted
    previous baseline
    documentation,
    assessment reports
    and diverse
    Government reports
    on environmental and
    disaster management




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   To promote environmental management as
    part of Disaster Risk Reduction

   To build capacities of women and youth
    communities towards self management.

   To promote adaptation activities to climate
    change through disaster management
    planning and DRR activities


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   Conducted community based disaster
    management training in 5 Islands.

   Development of Shaviyani Atoll disaster
    management plan

   Demonstration of “Bio Island” concept for
    resilient communities:

       • Plantation of coastal bio-shields
       • Model Home Kitchen Gardens
       • Solid Waste Management
       • Community Resource Center
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   Transect walk with local elders to Identify
    locality available species for the bio-shield
   Selection of the species based on analysis
    (salinity, root density, economic values)
   Series of training programmes conducted with
    the community
   Nursery development with school children
   Nursery care system developed
   Tree plantation with community (Nika,
    Coconut Palm, Dhigga, Hirun’dhu, Kuredhi)
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   Hands on training were given on planting,
    watering care, disease management and
    compost
   Training on making own bio-pesticides
    through locally available material
   Opened a seeds exhibition day (variety,
    quality, germination, storage, selection)
   Training programmes on germination, seed
    selection conducted
   Introduction of simple hydroponics and low-
    cost zero energy water drip system
   Cooking class on variety of vegetable dishes
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   Recyclable items collection competition
   Awareness raising poster competition within
    school children
   Distribution of waste separation guide
   Introduction of reusable bags, glass crusher,
    can crusher, recycle plan
   Establishment of waste management
    committee
   Discussion held with Maldivian Industrial
    Fisheries Company(MIFCO) regarding can
    collection
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   Recycle traders identification
   Activity report on the morning show Maldives




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   Community computer center upgraded as a
    community resource centre with internet
    services for a period of 08 months
   The centre was provided with stationeries such
    as binding machines, laminating machines etc.
   All materials used during the project was made
    available on cd’s and hard copies both in local
    language and English
   Facilitated with live update on Maldives
    weather and weather warnings.

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   Risk and vulnerability assessment done
   Development of Disaster Management plans
    tailored to the local needs
   Mobilization, orientation and training of local
    community
      a) Environmental Management
      b) Response and planning
      c) Exposure visits outside Maldives



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   Based on the baseline study findings a
    community based disaster management
    approach was developed.

   The land use plan, environmental conditions,
    demographic details, anthropogenic pressure,
    etc. varies from island to island hence it is
    appropriate to adopt island specific approach
    for community based disaster management.


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   2 day workshop conducted in capital of
    shaviyani atoll Funadhoo
   DM plan for shaviyani atoll developed
   Linkages between island, atoll, regional and
    national level identified
   Key stakeholders are Atoll office officials,
    island officials, island development committee
    representatives, Min of Home affairs, Min of
    Fisheries & Agriculture and National Disaster
    Management Centre.
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   CBDRM training conducted in 5 selected
    islands
   Workshops included orientation on disaster
    management
   Risk and vulnerabilities in local communities
    indentified.
   Hazard / resource mapping and training of
    task forces
   5 Islands Disaster Management Plans
    developed
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   Stakeholders are:-
    a) members of CBO’s
    b) women committee
    c) island development committee
    d) women, youth, island officials
    e) local NGO’s community representatives and
    local leaders in identified 5 islands.



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   Assessments of community preparedness
    measures in coastal zones undertaken and
    disaster risk reduction intervention tailored to
    the local needs
   Project implemented in close collaboration with
    the National Disaster Management Center,
    Maldives
   Local volunteers mobilized and trained
   Public awareness on coastal protection, home
    kitchen gardens / eco-agricultural practices
    and solid waste management raised
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   Public awareness on the linkage between
    environmental protection and disaster risk
    reduction raised
   Public information material tailored to local
    cultures and languages




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   Communities do not perceive natural disasters
    as a pertinent risk nor are they perturbed by
    their dependency on Male’ the capital
   Communities are concerned about the
    environmental problems, as the effects of these
    are already affecting their lives.
   The main causes for worry are: ground water
    contamination, increase of diseases, and
    shortage of land for new construction


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   Gaps in the national waste management
    programme
   Lack of capacity and enthusiasm to run the
    community resource center.
   The community did not see the immediate
    benefit of the Bio- shield
   Model home kitchen garden was considered
    the most successful programme
   CBDRM program was conducted in English
    and the facilitators who participated were
    unable to deliver the knowledge in local
    language
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   DM plans fragmented and incomplete.
   No review process of any DM plans in the
    country
   Volunteers need to be trained regularly
   No follow-up and continuity of the programme
   Lack of training and trained staff at the
    National Disaster Management Centre




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   Institutional Strengthening of NDMC
   Close coordination and collaboration with local
    government authorities to continue activities
   Advocacy and importance of disaster
    preparedness at all political levels
   Disaster risk reduction to be emphasized in all
    sectors
   This project has been highly appreciated by
    local authorities and international partners /
    implementation in other atolls / islands


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National Disaster Management Centre -
               Maldives                 34
THANK YOU



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