Wikipedia Wikipedia

Document Sample
Wikipedia Wikipedia Powered By Docstoc
					Wikipedia Wikipedia
 Wikipedia, the English called Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is a Wiki-based
encyclopedia, is a free, free, open-content encyclopedia collaborative plan,
participants from around the world has now grown into a global largest online
encyclopedia, Baidu Encyclopedia of 创作 a prototype is Wikipedia.

WikiWiki word comes from the Hawaiian word for "wee kee wee
kee", originally "Hurry up hurry up" means.
WikiWiki here refers to a hypertext system. This community-oriented hypertext
system to support collaborative writing, but also includes a set of auxiliary tools to
support such writing. We can based on the Wiki Web browse the text, create, change,
and create, modify, publish HTML text than the cost of small; also Wiki system also
supports community-oriented collaborative writing, collaborative writing for the
provide necessary assistance; last, Wiki's writers naturally form a
community, Wiki system for the community to provide simple communication tool.
Compared with other hypertext systems, Wiki features a user-friendly and open, so
Wiki system can help us in certain areas of a community to share knowledge.

The earliest knowledge of the world are collected in a roof, for inspection of the
ancient Library of Alexandria to the number. The idea of publishing an encyclopedia
can be traced back to Dedekind wait to send the 18th century encyclopedia.
Universities in the country, the library is the best encyclopedia will set point. The
most common today, including the Encyclopedia of the English language,
"Encyclopedia           Britannica",         "Columbia
Encyclopedia" and Chinese "Chinese Encyclopedia"
and so on.

Ward Cunningham in 1995 to facilitate the exchange model community built a tool -
Portland Pattern Knowledge Base (Portland Pattern Repository). In the process of
establishing this system, Ward Cunningham created the Wiki concept and name, and
realized the service system to support these concepts. The system is the first Wiki
system. From 1996 to 2000, Portland model knowledge base around
community-oriented collaborative writing, some to support the continuous
development of this writing aids, so the concept of Wiki constantly enriched.
Meanwhile Wiki concept has also been spread, there were many similar sites and
software systems.

Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales and Sanger, the two first created in 2000 Nupedia,
has not been successful. January 15, 2001, into a blind alley of them tried to set up
Wikipedia, the month after an increase of 600 entries, even after 1 year soared to
20,000. March 1, 2006, which ushered in the first 10,000 entries, a user Ewan
MacDonald submitted.

Wikipedia itself has three notable features. It is these characteristics make traditional
encyclopedia Wikipedia distinguish:

First of all, Wikipedia will always positioned itself as a field that contains all human
knowledge, encyclopedia, not a dictionary, online forums or anything else.

Second, the plan is also a wiki, which allows a wide range of public participation.
Wikipedia is the first encyclopedia to use wiki system collaboration program
compilation.

Another important feature is that Wikipedia is an open-content encyclopedia. Content
of the material open to allow any third party without restriction copy, modify and
redistribute any or all of the material. Wikipedia GNU Free Documentation agreement
to use the certificate.

As encyclopedia, Wikipedia's content nature and the set of the famous
"Encyclopaedia Britannica" Makes no difference. However, its
authors and administrators can not be named "Encyclopedia
Britannica" as the list of experts, which are network volunteers. Perhaps
precisely because it avoids the traditional encyclopedia's elite participation,
review, demonstration of this cumbersome process, any registered persons are eligible
to modify the encyclopedia in any entry, which made it the world's largest
encyclopedia.

With the increasing flow of human means of information dissemination, knowledge
sharing has been the over-protection or core of the debate on intellectual property
issues. Wikipedia followed by CNU Free Documentation License (GFDL) is an
anti-copyright content open protocol.

GFDL is a copyleft license. Copyleft is a program that will become free software, but
also makes the modified and extended version of the program into a free software,
and it corresponds to our traditional sense of the copyright (copyright), which can
only be other people for copyright protection Under certain conditions - usually under
the conditions of payment to use.

"GFDL open the document represented by movement in the early 1990s
the extension of open source movement", the Chinese one of
Wikipedia's administrators, said Zhao. We can call them all open content
movement. Wikipedia in Chinese, there is a term "content open (open
content)", entry in that "open content works is any more relaxed
conditions in the release of creative works", these works allow the public
without The harsh conditions of the traditional constraints of copyright, free to copy
and disseminate them.

Taken by the Wikipedia GFDL agreement also allows third parties to the case of
unfettered freedom to change and distribute modified versions of the works. This
prerequisite is that you must follow the terms of GFDL's another: You must
ensure that their work allows the public to your have the same freedom. Free access,
free copying, and even Wikipedia, the free sales can not keep all the rights -
Wikipedia, they have been called "the public encyclopedia."

In addition to Wikipedia, the open content movement to include more content. It also
includes started in 1971 sponsored by 米切尔哈特 Project Gutenberg, which is the
oldest free online book download and read the opening movement; and a lot of
influence in recent years, the Ma Institute of Technology's
OpenCourseWare, Massachusetts Institute of Technology this program to all
undergraduate and graduate course materials are available on the Internet, free of
charge to any user around the world, open sharing of educational resources,
educational philosophy and thinking.

Neutral concept

Wikipedia Another important principle is neutrality and impartiality. Wikipedia
founder Jimmy Wales said that the principle of Wikipedia is absolute and
incontestable. Used to blog for personal expression of the people, the principle is even
impossible to implement the new; for people who are familiar with traditional media,
this principle may be regarded as unrealistic.

Wikipedia administrator explained the policy of neutrality, "we should be
in all aspects of his argument that are fair to express the voice, not in the article in
suggests or implies that any party is right," "neutral, neutral
description. "

Wikipedia is due to a neutral point of view, Wikipedia's administrators and
those involved in writing all that on Wikipedia is a comprehensive encyclopedia of
human knowledge, and because Wikipedia entries written by the group to complete,
so in writing the process could not have had disputes. To avoid the endless
"edit wars" in the best way is to believe in yourself to be
prepared "human knowledge" include a topic on all the different
views and different facts, and the fact that these views and also with the human
cognitive ability change and knowledge level changes in people's concept
of change.

Therefore, Wikipedia is the work of these different views and facts, and their changes
are    recorded,      not     with      the      "right"         and
"wrong" judgments, or pursuant to that determination to hide
the "wrong" views and facts.

Neutrality has been the traditional media, especially newspapers praised the principle
of supremacy of the news. However, since Henry Luce founded
"Time" magazine since the principle of neutrality has been
abandoned to some extent by traditional media. The most common criticism is that the
media coverage in the choice of what is not reported anything, had betrayed the
principles of neutrality and impartiality. "Time" magazine does
not claim to be impartial coverage of the world, it is only faithfully reflects their own
eyes of the world, even if sometimes with a strong bias.

In fact, traditional media can provide the capacity, space, time, allowing the
traditional media to present all the facts about an event, view is unrealistic, therefore
the      traditional   media       reporters     and    editors     must       act     as
"gatekeeper" role. For Wikipedia, it is not the existence of such
restrictions, the network seems to have an impartial presentation of facts and ideas
provide the possibility. Wikipedia administrators stressed that the principle of
neutrality Wikipedia does not boast about its objective, but that Wikipedia should try
to describe the controversy, not involved in controversy. In any case, history is
objective and will not change, when technology allows more people to participate in
and build to replace a small number of elite analysis, history should better avoid the
subjective.


Link

Wikipedia (Wiki): a new technology, a hypertext system. This community-oriented
hypertext system to support collaborative writing, but also includes a set of auxiliary
tools to support such writing. In other words, this is more than collaborative writing
tool. People involved in creation is also known as Wiki. The same Wiki site written
form of a natural community wiki system for the community to provide simple
communication tool.

				
DOCUMENT INFO