Supply Chain Management SCM by fdjerue7eeu


									Supply Chain Management SCM
MBA from a think tank Wikipedia (
Supply Chain Management (Supply Chain Management, referred to as SCM)
A supply chain management, and content
2 Why Supply Chain Management
3 Supply Chain Management The Background [1]
4 Supply chain management key issues
5, the development trend of supply chain management
6 Supply Chain Management Theories [2]
7 vector of supply chain management [7]
8, the basic requirements of supply chain management [7]
9 ways of Supply Chain Management
10 steps of supply chain management
11 Supply Chain Management Challenges
12 Supply Chain Management of Distance
12.1 1, customer-centric
12.2 2, stressed the company's core competitive capacity
12.3 3, win-win concept of mutual cooperation
12.4 4, optimize information flow
13 Supply Chain Management
Eight of 14 supply chain management, management principles
15, the strategic significance of supply chain management [7]
16 Supply Chain Management Strategy [7]
17 SCM in the manufacturing of the implementation of [1]
18 Supply Chain Management Case Study
18.1 Case 1: China Petroleum & E [8]
18.2 Case 2: Toyota Fine processes [8]
18.3 Case 3: Dell [9]
18.4 Case 4: TI's supply chain management [10]
19 Links
20 References

Supply chain management, and content
供应 Chain Management (Supply Chain Management, referred to as SCM): refers to
certain customers to meet service level of the terms, to the cost of the total supply
chain system minimized Er to suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses, distribution
centers He Qudao business Deng effective organization to carry out the products with
manufacturing, transport, distribution and sales management. Supply chain
management including planning, procurement, manufacturing, distribution, returns
five basic elements.
Plan: This is a strategic part of the SCM. You need to have a strategy to manage all
the resources to meet customer demand for your product. Good plan is to establish a
method of monitoring the supply chain, enabling it to effective, low cost delivery of
high quality for customers and high-value products or services.
Procurement: choose for your products and services to suppliers of goods and services,
and suppliers to establish a set of pricing, delivery and payment processes and to
create methods of monitoring and improving management, and to suppliers of goods
and services provided integrated management process, including delivery, verification
of invoices, transfer of goods to your manufacturing and approved payments to
suppliers and so on.
Manufacturing: arrangements for the production, testing, packaging and delivery of
activities required to prepare, the contents of the supply chain, the largest part of the
measure, including the level of quality, product yield and productivity of workers and
other measurements.
Distribution:            Many             "insiders"                 as
"logistics", is to adjust the user's order receipt, the
establishment of warehouse network to send delivery personnel pick up and delivery
to customers, the establishment of invoicing system to receive payments.
Return: This is the deal with the problem in the supply chain part. Networking
reception customers return defective and excess products and applications in customer
support when things go wrong.
Modern business environment, enterprises will be enormous pressure, not just selling
products, but also for customers and consumers to provide satisfactory services to
increase customer satisfaction, allowed to produce happiness. Kotler said:
"The customer is God, not them, business can not exist. All plans must
focus on customer retention and customer satisfaction for." In the domestic
and international markets to win customers, an inevitable requirement for the supply
chain, companies can quickly and agile , flexibility and coordination to respond to
customer needs. The face of changing supply chain environment, building a modern
enterprise supply chain happiness trend.
Why Supply Chain Management
Supply chain management and logistics management in the traditional way of
inventory management, goods flow, cost, information flow, risk, planning and
organizational aspects of inter-relations there are significant differences, these
differences make supply chain management, logistics management than the traditional
advantages .
Inventory management and flow of goods from the perspective of the supply chain
management, inventory management is carried out in coordination of the supply chain
members, in order to minimize inventory investment and cost; and traditional logistics
management is to give stock or to push forward After the delay, the specific situation
is based on supply chain members who may be the most initiative. In fact, the
traditional logistics providers to push the stock and reduce channel inventory
investment, only to shift the stock. To solve this problem is the production plan by
providing information, such as sharing information on anticipated demand, orders,
production planning and other information, reduce uncertainty, and to reduce safety
From a cost perspective, supply chain management is the final cost by focusing on
products to optimize the supply chain. The final cost mentioned here is the actual time
of arrival of customers the total cost, including the procurement price and delivery
costs, inventory costs. The traditional logistics management remains in control of
costs within the company to achieve only the minimum.
Risks and plan is different from the traditional supply chain management logistics
management, two other important aspects. In supply chain management, risk and
plans are shared by members of the supply chain together to achieve communication,
while the traditional logistics management within the company but merely.
Inter-organizational relations, supply chain management members is based on the
control of the final cost reached cooperation, but the traditional logistics management
is based on the company reduce costs.
Supply chain management is that the traditional supply chain management, logistics
management than the more dynamic, more members of the supply chain to bring
substantial benefits. However, to the successful implementation of supply chain
management, all supply chain members must have good information sharing; and
should be frank and open information sharing, the pursuit of enterprises of different
objectives, it is not an easy thing , especially when a company and its competitors
have cooperated with many circumstances, to realize information sharing more
difficult. Therefore, a successful supply chain integration, companies first need to
each node as some areas of agreement: a common sense of the ultimate level of
customer service requirements and common stock in the supply chain to determine the
location and inventory of each inventory point, to formulate the supply chain as an
entity to manage the policies and procedures.
25 kinds of the most popular management tools
Customer Relationship Management
Total Quality Management
Customer segmentation
Core competencies
Supply Chain Management
Strategic Planning
Business Process Reengineering
Knowledge Management
Mission and Vision book book
Balanced Scorecard
Activity-Based Management
Loyalty Management
Six Sigma
Strategic Alliance
Benchmark Management
Change Management Plan
Growth strategy
Value-added economic value-added analysis
Price Model
Open market innovation
Scenarios and emergency plans
Overseas operations

The first aspect is relatively easy to do, but they often neglect in the decision-making
that goal. End customer service needs identified in the inventory channel key to the
success of manufacturers to identify the needs of its customers and thus the scope of
the manufacturer and their coordination Cunhuo flow throughout the channel. The
second is the basic operating principles of logistics management that meet customer
needs should include what they need, where need and how much. The third supply
chain needs of enterprises and sincere cooperation of all nodes can be achieved only
when all nodes in the entire supply chain, companies are standing on the height to
view the problems of the time, it is easy to understand and compromise with each
other and jointly work out some policies and process, thus creating an integrated
logistics organization.
[Edit] Supply Chain Management The Background [1]
1. Global integration
Throughout the world, technology and economic development, increasing the degree
of global integration, international business is increasingly common. Terms of
manufacturing, product design may be in Japan, and the procurement of raw materials
may be in China or Brazil, parts of the production may in Taiwan, and Indonesia at
the same time, and then assembled in China, and finally sold around the world. In this
product into the consumer market until companies actually have quite a lot of De Can
Yule in the manufacture, but also because different geographical location, production
level, management ability, thus forming a complex of product production Gong Ying
Lian Wang Luo. Such a supply chain in the face of fluctuations in market demand
when the system once the lack of effective management, "whip
effect" in all links of the supply chain is bound to be magnified, which
seriously affect the value of output of the entire supply chain. The industrial
revolution, the growing wealth of the world production, the product more and more
consumers choose products have room for, and technological progress is bringing in
some products (such as electronic products) with the updates. Shortening of product
life cycle has led to increased product demand fluctuations. Market supply and
demand patterns on supply chain capabilities to adapt to the requirements to achieve
an     unprecedented       level,   in    production     management,      demand-driven
"pull" production theory, JIT manufacturing theory, flexible
production theories have been proposed, and has entered a practical stage .
2. Horizontal industry model of development
Careful observation of the 20th century produced 80 personal computers and the
subsequent development, we find not only the PC manufacturing industry has brought
advances in electronics technology, the world into the information age, but also
triggered off a global industry model great changes. As IBM's strategic
mistakes, ignoring the PC market for strategic position, in the development of the PC
standard, will belong to PC's CPU and the OS core technology R
& D production are outsourced to Intel and Microsoft Corporation, in a
short period of 10 years, The two companies are developing a world-class giants,
dominated the industry's manufacturing standards, but also to change the
IBM continued for decades verticals mode, when IBM re-Jin Ru Yi Tu desktop
operating systems and microprocessor system Shejilingyu to develop OS / 2 and
Power chips into the desktop market, when expectations have been a painful failure.
IBM 70's era of monopolization is over. When IBM realized that it no
longer has an advantage in the field when, with the continued cooperation of
Microsoft and Intel makes the landscape industry, the development of better models.
By comparison, Macintosh, although the monopoly of the production of hardware and
operating system itself, but because not compatible with IBM compatible, thus losing
a lot of hope to use some software on the Windows platform users, Er Shi
development is limited.
Another example occurred in the automotive industries, but also a similar age, similar
changes took place, auto parts supplier out of the vehicle manufacturer and gradually
formed a number of parts manufacturing giant. This revolutionary model of change is
slow throughout the world, then gradually make people realize that today is already
almost impossible to by a large company in control of the supply chain from source to
all aspects of product distribution, but each a link, there are some companies take
advantage of the core and through the horizontal development and expansion of this
dominant position, ability to concentrate resources to develop that advantage. The
modern supply chain will be owned by the respective core strengths are made of a
chain of enterprises. At the same time companies are forming alliances and
collaboration theory, to support the stability of the chain structure of this formation
and development.
3. Company X and recycling
Recalling 11 years ago, Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer professor
Michael Hammer (Hammer) and CSC consultants Jeames Ciampi (James Champy)
jointly published "Business Process Reengineering Business Revolution
Declaration." The book pointed out sharply that the current system of
organization and management shortcomings - sector fragmentation and the strict
hierarchy and the concept of BPR is given to look forward to break down
departmental boundaries, reshaping business processes. And this era is the rapid
development of information technology, information age, information age is the
greatest revolution in the application of computer networks, computer networks, the
biggest change brought about is sharing. Recognition of departmental boundaries is
due to the monopoly of knowledge and data resources to bring the right caused by the
monopoly, while computer technology through information sharing, transparency in
the operation of internal processes, to break this monopoly. ERP in the early
implementation of the project, being unaware of information technology and
management the relationship between organizational change, but suffered defeat.
Today we talk about information, usually a conscious reference to BPR, this is the
conceptual advances. The ERP is after all just get through their joint enterprise, the
face of globalization wave and horizontal industry model of development, enterprises
have realized that their supply chain in a link above, you need to constantly enhance
its strength and at the same time, strengthen the relationship between upstream and
downstream, this relationship is built on mutual understanding and collaboration basis,
and only each other to bring a steady stream of value for each other, this relationship
can sustainable. In 2002, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi has flashes of inspiration, this boils
down to "X and recycling business", as the company expanded
outside the process of how to break through inter-organizational boundaries between
the various ideas and suggestions. With the development of Internet technology, this
sharing, the concept of collaboration has taken the company along. Today, we are
talking about SCM, is carried out in order to achieve this concept in a practice.
Background of the times from the SCM, we can develop a deep understanding of the
origin and trends of SCM, and thus more attention needs to be put to the current
application of SCM in practice, SCM system is one of the most major part, SCM
system implementation, it became the latest trends in enterprise information. In the
second part will be based on the concept of connotation of SCM and the
implementation of information systems general methodology of summing up the
implementation of SCM system, the general steps in the manufacturing sector.

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