Supply Chain Management SCM MBA from a think tank Wikipedia (http://wiki.mbalib.com/) Supply Chain Management (Supply Chain Management, referred to as SCM) Directory A supply chain management, and content 2 Why Supply Chain Management 3 Supply Chain Management The Background  4 Supply chain management key issues 5, the development trend of supply chain management 6 Supply Chain Management Theories  7 vector of supply chain management  8, the basic requirements of supply chain management  9 ways of Supply Chain Management 10 steps of supply chain management 11 Supply Chain Management Challenges 12 Supply Chain Management of Distance 12.1 1, customer-centric 12.2 2, stressed the company&#39;s core competitive capacity 12.3 3, win-win concept of mutual cooperation 12.4 4, optimize information flow 13 Supply Chain Management Eight of 14 supply chain management, management principles 15, the strategic significance of supply chain management  16 Supply Chain Management Strategy  17 SCM in the manufacturing of the implementation of  18 Supply Chain Management Case Study 18.1 Case 1: China Petroleum &amp; E  18.2 Case 2: Toyota Fine processes  18.3 Case 3: Dell  18.4 Case 4: TI&#39;s supply chain management  19 Links 20 References Supply chain management, and content 供应 Chain Management (Supply Chain Management, referred to as SCM): refers to certain customers to meet service level of the terms, to the cost of the total supply chain system minimized Er to suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses, distribution centers He Qudao business Deng effective organization to carry out the products with manufacturing, transport, distribution and sales management. Supply chain management including planning, procurement, manufacturing, distribution, returns five basic elements. Plan: This is a strategic part of the SCM. You need to have a strategy to manage all the resources to meet customer demand for your product. Good plan is to establish a method of monitoring the supply chain, enabling it to effective, low cost delivery of high quality for customers and high-value products or services. Procurement: choose for your products and services to suppliers of goods and services, and suppliers to establish a set of pricing, delivery and payment processes and to create methods of monitoring and improving management, and to suppliers of goods and services provided integrated management process, including delivery, verification of invoices, transfer of goods to your manufacturing and approved payments to suppliers and so on. Manufacturing: arrangements for the production, testing, packaging and delivery of activities required to prepare, the contents of the supply chain, the largest part of the measure, including the level of quality, product yield and productivity of workers and other measurements. Distribution: Many &quot;insiders&quot; as &quot;logistics&quot;, is to adjust the user&#39;s order receipt, the establishment of warehouse network to send delivery personnel pick up and delivery to customers, the establishment of invoicing system to receive payments. Return: This is the deal with the problem in the supply chain part. Networking reception customers return defective and excess products and applications in customer support when things go wrong. Modern business environment, enterprises will be enormous pressure, not just selling products, but also for customers and consumers to provide satisfactory services to increase customer satisfaction, allowed to produce happiness. Kotler said: &quot;The customer is God, not them, business can not exist. All plans must focus on customer retention and customer satisfaction for.&quot; In the domestic and international markets to win customers, an inevitable requirement for the supply chain, companies can quickly and agile , flexibility and coordination to respond to customer needs. The face of changing supply chain environment, building a modern enterprise supply chain happiness trend. Why Supply Chain Management Supply chain management and logistics management in the traditional way of inventory management, goods flow, cost, information flow, risk, planning and organizational aspects of inter-relations there are significant differences, these differences make supply chain management, logistics management than the traditional advantages . Inventory management and flow of goods from the perspective of the supply chain management, inventory management is carried out in coordination of the supply chain members, in order to minimize inventory investment and cost; and traditional logistics management is to give stock or to push forward After the delay, the specific situation is based on supply chain members who may be the most initiative. In fact, the traditional logistics providers to push the stock and reduce channel inventory investment, only to shift the stock. To solve this problem is the production plan by providing information, such as sharing information on anticipated demand, orders, production planning and other information, reduce uncertainty, and to reduce safety stock. From a cost perspective, supply chain management is the final cost by focusing on products to optimize the supply chain. The final cost mentioned here is the actual time of arrival of customers the total cost, including the procurement price and delivery costs, inventory costs. The traditional logistics management remains in control of costs within the company to achieve only the minimum. Risks and plan is different from the traditional supply chain management logistics management, two other important aspects. In supply chain management, risk and plans are shared by members of the supply chain together to achieve communication, while the traditional logistics management within the company but merely. Inter-organizational relations, supply chain management members is based on the control of the final cost reached cooperation, but the traditional logistics management is based on the company reduce costs. Supply chain management is that the traditional supply chain management, logistics management than the more dynamic, more members of the supply chain to bring substantial benefits. However, to the successful implementation of supply chain management, all supply chain members must have good information sharing; and should be frank and open information sharing, the pursuit of enterprises of different objectives, it is not an easy thing , especially when a company and its competitors have cooperated with many circumstances, to realize information sharing more difficult. Therefore, a successful supply chain integration, companies first need to each node as some areas of agreement: a common sense of the ultimate level of customer service requirements and common stock in the supply chain to determine the location and inventory of each inventory point, to formulate the supply chain as an entity to manage the policies and procedures. 25 kinds of the most popular management tools Customer Relationship Management Total Quality Management Customer segmentation Outsourcing Core competencies Supply Chain Management Strategic Planning Business Process Reengineering Knowledge Management Mission and Vision book book Balanced Scorecard Activity-Based Management Loyalty Management Six Sigma Strategic Alliance Benchmark Management Change Management Plan Growth strategy Value-added economic value-added analysis Price Model Open market innovation Guimodingzhi Scenarios and emergency plans Overseas operations RFID ? The first aspect is relatively easy to do, but they often neglect in the decision-making that goal. End customer service needs identified in the inventory channel key to the success of manufacturers to identify the needs of its customers and thus the scope of the manufacturer and their coordination Cunhuo flow throughout the channel. The second is the basic operating principles of logistics management that meet customer needs should include what they need, where need and how much. The third supply chain needs of enterprises and sincere cooperation of all nodes can be achieved only when all nodes in the entire supply chain, companies are standing on the height to view the problems of the time, it is easy to understand and compromise with each other and jointly work out some policies and process, thus creating an integrated logistics organization. [Edit] Supply Chain Management The Background  1. Global integration Throughout the world, technology and economic development, increasing the degree of global integration, international business is increasingly common. Terms of manufacturing, product design may be in Japan, and the procurement of raw materials may be in China or Brazil, parts of the production may in Taiwan, and Indonesia at the same time, and then assembled in China, and finally sold around the world. In this product into the consumer market until companies actually have quite a lot of De Can Yule in the manufacture, but also because different geographical location, production level, management ability, thus forming a complex of product production Gong Ying Lian Wang Luo. Such a supply chain in the face of fluctuations in market demand when the system once the lack of effective management, &quot;whip effect&quot; in all links of the supply chain is bound to be magnified, which seriously affect the value of output of the entire supply chain. The industrial revolution, the growing wealth of the world production, the product more and more consumers choose products have room for, and technological progress is bringing in some products (such as electronic products) with the updates. Shortening of product life cycle has led to increased product demand fluctuations. Market supply and demand patterns on supply chain capabilities to adapt to the requirements to achieve an unprecedented level, in production management, demand-driven &quot;pull&quot; production theory, JIT manufacturing theory, flexible production theories have been proposed, and has entered a practical stage . 2. Horizontal industry model of development Careful observation of the 20th century produced 80 personal computers and the subsequent development, we find not only the PC manufacturing industry has brought advances in electronics technology, the world into the information age, but also triggered off a global industry model great changes. As IBM&#39;s strategic mistakes, ignoring the PC market for strategic position, in the development of the PC standard, will belong to PC&#39;s CPU and the OS core technology R &amp; D production are outsourced to Intel and Microsoft Corporation, in a short period of 10 years, The two companies are developing a world-class giants, dominated the industry&#39;s manufacturing standards, but also to change the IBM continued for decades verticals mode, when IBM re-Jin Ru Yi Tu desktop operating systems and microprocessor system Shejilingyu to develop OS / 2 and Power chips into the desktop market, when expectations have been a painful failure. IBM 70&#39;s era of monopolization is over. When IBM realized that it no longer has an advantage in the field when, with the continued cooperation of Microsoft and Intel makes the landscape industry, the development of better models. By comparison, Macintosh, although the monopoly of the production of hardware and operating system itself, but because not compatible with IBM compatible, thus losing a lot of hope to use some software on the Windows platform users, Er Shi development is limited. Another example occurred in the automotive industries, but also a similar age, similar changes took place, auto parts supplier out of the vehicle manufacturer and gradually formed a number of parts manufacturing giant. This revolutionary model of change is slow throughout the world, then gradually make people realize that today is already almost impossible to by a large company in control of the supply chain from source to all aspects of product distribution, but each a link, there are some companies take advantage of the core and through the horizontal development and expansion of this dominant position, ability to concentrate resources to develop that advantage. The modern supply chain will be owned by the respective core strengths are made of a chain of enterprises. At the same time companies are forming alliances and collaboration theory, to support the stability of the chain structure of this formation and development. 3. Company X and recycling Recalling 11 years ago, Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer professor Michael Hammer (Hammer) and CSC consultants Jeames Ciampi (James Champy) jointly published &quot;Business Process Reengineering Business Revolution Declaration.&quot; The book pointed out sharply that the current system of organization and management shortcomings - sector fragmentation and the strict hierarchy and the concept of BPR is given to look forward to break down departmental boundaries, reshaping business processes. And this era is the rapid development of information technology, information age, information age is the greatest revolution in the application of computer networks, computer networks, the biggest change brought about is sharing. Recognition of departmental boundaries is due to the monopoly of knowledge and data resources to bring the right caused by the monopoly, while computer technology through information sharing, transparency in the operation of internal processes, to break this monopoly. ERP in the early implementation of the project, being unaware of information technology and management the relationship between organizational change, but suffered defeat. Today we talk about information, usually a conscious reference to BPR, this is the conceptual advances. The ERP is after all just get through their joint enterprise, the face of globalization wave and horizontal industry model of development, enterprises have realized that their supply chain in a link above, you need to constantly enhance its strength and at the same time, strengthen the relationship between upstream and downstream, this relationship is built on mutual understanding and collaboration basis, and only each other to bring a steady stream of value for each other, this relationship can sustainable. In 2002, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi has flashes of inspiration, this boils down to &quot;X and recycling business&quot;, as the company expanded outside the process of how to break through inter-organizational boundaries between the various ideas and suggestions. With the development of Internet technology, this sharing, the concept of collaboration has taken the company along. Today, we are talking about SCM, is carried out in order to achieve this concept in a practice. Background of the times from the SCM, we can develop a deep understanding of the origin and trends of SCM, and thus more attention needs to be put to the current application of SCM in practice, SCM system is one of the most major part, SCM system implementation, it became the latest trends in enterprise information. In the second part will be based on the concept of connotation of SCM and the implementation of information systems general methodology of summing up the implementation of SCM system, the general steps in the manufacturing sector.
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