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Reprinted: Rostropovich died at the age of 80 years old Rostropovich died at the age of 80 years old Author: Tang Ruofu Translator: Tang Ruofu Time :2007-4-27 18:11:46 World-famous Russian cellist and conductor Mstislav 斯拉夫罗斯 特罗波维奇 (Mstislav Rostropovich) on April 27, 2007 at a clinic in Moscow in the death, at the age of 80. He died of colon cancer. The announcement was made by his spokesman Natalya Dolezhal published. This year in February, cellist was taken to hospital and did a kidney tumor surgery. In his March 27 birthday celebration of 80 years, Rostropovich Russian President Putin at the leading scorer in the TV looked pale and faltering. Cellist&#39;s body will be buried in Moscow Cemetery 诺沃德维奇 the 16th century, there are also many other Russian and Soviet culture and political master of the burial place, such as Rostropovich&#39;s mentor and ally, composer Shaw Shostakovich, bass singer and composer Scriabin, etc. Xialiyabin. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union&#39;s first democratically elected president, on April 25 death of Boris Yeltsin to be buried there. Rostropovich and Yeltsin are friends. August 1991, a cellist on the fly to Moscow alone, to support Yeltsin against the Soviet military power. That only a few months away from the Soviet Union. Rostropovich people against the Soviet regime in the face KGB headquarters in Moscow, held a solidarity concert 捷尔仁 斯基 Square. Duma building in the background is a famous photo, Rostropovich and democracy supporters together, holding hands is not the cello, but a rifle. In 1989, the cellist is also the night the Berlin Wall fell under the Berlin Wall opened impromptu concert. The collapse of the Berlin Wall marked the end of the Cold War. Rostropovich is recognized in this century, after following the Casals greatest cellist. His cello tone and expressive musical instruments to explore and practice so far unmatched. In addition, he expanded on the cello repertoire also made a significant contribution. Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Kabalevsky, Myaskovski, Luto Slavic Wieniawski, Cancelli, Schnittke, Di Die (Dutilleux), Penderecki, composers such as Pat and Britton both have creative cello music for him. Most of his recordings published by EMI Classics and the DG. ? Rostropovich March 27, 1927 Born in Baku, Azerbaijan, now a musical family. He was born with absolutely discriminate sound, playing the piano since age 4, playing the cello since age 7, 1940 when he was only 13 years old the first time as a concert cellist, playing Saint - Saens Cello Concerto in A Minor. After he entered the Moscow Conservatory of Music. 40&#39;s of last century gained the title of Music Competition in Moscow two. 60 years he has reverberated through the river north and south. In 1968, he was the first time on stage as a conductor, the conductor of the Bolshoi Theatre, Tchaikovsky&#39;s &quot;Eugen Onegin leaves.&quot; October 31, 1970, he gave the &quot;Pravda&quot; wrote an open letter in solidarity with the exiled author Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Solzhenitsyn as a symbol of the West accepted the Nobel Prize for Literature has been regarded as a thorn in the authorities. Decades later, when Rostropovich recollection of events that: &quot;I did the best story is not music, but that letter to the&quot; Pravda &quot;of the letter. Since then I had a clear conscience . &quot;But never in the state closed the public media published, but appeared in Western newspapers messenger Rostropovich become the target. He was the Bolshoi Theatre, banned, prohibited to play overseas and do not permit direct Orchestra. In 1974, he used his wife and two daughters, two-year validity period of the same year Pixia visa to travel to Paris to escape the Soviet Union, the United States after the settlement. In 1977, he succeeded 安 泰 尔 多 拉 蒂 as the National Symphony Orchestra music director positions, one thousand is 17 years. In 1978, Rostropovich his wife were both deprived of Soviet citizenship. Used by the Swiss Government, after they issued a special document for international travel. January 1990, musicians couple were to resume Russian citizenship. Cellist in 2000 after the conductor Seiji Ozawa and Zubin Mehta several times and came to China in master classes. ? Cellist alive by countless reputation. He is Honorary Knight of the British Empire Medal, Cross of French culture and art, the Greek Order of the Phoenix and the Federal Republic of Germany Grand Cross Distinguished Service Medal winner. In 1987 he was a symbol of U.S. President Ronald Reagan took the hands of the United States the highest level of civil Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States in 1992 was the highest level of the arts community&#39;s Kennedy Award medals. He received the honor of the Soviet Union and Russia, including Lenin, Stalin Medal in 1951, the Soviet Union in 1956 and 1993, the title of People&#39;s Artist of Russia medal freedom fighters. In addition, he is still more than 30 universities around the world has honorary degrees and titles, including Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Oxford, Cambridge, Georgetown, Tel Aviv University, and Curtis&#39;s schools. ? He married the first wife in 1955, the famous Russian soprano 加琳娜维什 涅夫斯 卡娅 and their two daughters Olga and Elena are still alive. Cellist did last interview before his death published in the &quot;Gramophone&quot; magazine April 2007 No.. ?
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