Status of Integrated Mapping and Monitoring of Shallow-water U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 NOAA's Oceans & Coasts Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment Integrative Mapping, Monitoring & Assessment U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 Mapping Monitoring Assessment Acquire Imagery Design Sample Protocols Analyze Data Develop Map Implement Monitoring Complete Assessment USCRTF Mapping Implementation Plan U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 • Produce digital high resolution maps of shallow-water (<30m) coral reef ecosystem habitats • Delineate and characterize benthic habitats using a hierarchical classification system • Map All U.S. States, Territories, and Commonwealths and the Freely Associated States by 2007 • Integrate maps with research and monitoring activities for use by scientists and managers NOAA's Oceans & Coasts Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment U.S. Coral Reef Shallow-water Mapping Status: U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 Florida: CD-rom released 1998; total area mapped ~5,022 sq. km*. U.S. Caribbean: CD-rom released 2001; total area mapped ~2,085 sq. km*. Hawaii-1: CD-rom released 2003; total area mapped ~774 sq. km*. Hawaii-2: Imagery acquired and processed for Lanai; ongoing proof of concept study. NW Hawaiian Islands: CD-rom released 2003; total area mapped ~2,357 sq. km*. American Samoa: Draft maps complete; total area mapped ~73 sq. km*. Training held in May 2003. CNMI (Southern Islands): Complete draft maps in October 2003; on-site training held in July 2003. CNMI (Northern Islands): Complete draft maps in June 2004; imagery acquisition in progress. Guam: Complete draft maps in February 2004; imagery acquisition in progress. On- site training to be held December 2003. FAS and Florida-2: Mapping activities proposed to begin in 2004. *All area estimates exclude unknown areas, deep water and land. NOAA/ NOS Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Program: U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 OBJECTIVES: 1. Provide leadership in the development and implementation of a nationally-coordinated program to monitor the health of U.S. coral reef ecosystems. 2. Integrate disparate monitoring programs and sites into a coordinated national network. 3. Facilitate sharing of monitoring information among U.S. coral reef resource managers and scientists. 4. Fill gaps in monitoring coverage nationwide. The goal of the coral reef ecosystem monitoring program is to collect a robust and consistent suite of data that can be used to prepare a biennial report documenting the status and trends in the health, community structure, and condition of all US coral reef ecosystems. NOAA's Oceans & Coasts Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment NOAA/ NOS Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Program: U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 MONITORING THEMES Benthic Parameters Water Quality Parameters Fishery Parameters Cover (live, dead, etc.) Nutrients Abundance & distribution Abundance Suspended solids Size class distribution Condition Chlorophyll Indicator species Size class distribution Turbidity Diversity Indicator species Temperature Richness Diversity PAR Evenness Examples NOAA/ NOS Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Program: Outyear Projections 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Water Quality Water Quality Water Quality Water Quality Water Quality Water Quality Water Quality Water Quality Biological Biological Biological Biological Biological Biological Biological Biological Habitat Habitat Habitat Habitat Habitat Habitat Habitat Habitat American Samoa CNMI Guam Hawai'i Freely Associated States Florida Puerto Rico USVI TOTAL FUNDS $444,000 $560,790 $1.1M $1.2M $1.2M $1.4M $1.8M $2.2M Total Actual $3M Funds/Year $ 2.5M (FY00-02) and $2M Projected (FY03- $ 1.5 M 07) Funds/Year $1M Required to Meet $ 0.5 M FY2007 Goals $0 M 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 The State of U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems: 2004 Report U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 Changes for the 2004 report: 1. Greater role for local experts and working groups in collecting and analyzing data, and writing individual report sections describing each location. 2. Report will appear as an edited volume with POCs and working group members as section authors. 3. Greater incorporation of quantitative data. At a minimum, data funded through NOS will be analyzed, however, working groups should be moving toward incorporation of all relevant, accessible data. NOAA's Oceans & Coasts Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment The State of U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems: 2004 Report U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003 Monitoring Data Generated thru NOS Program 2000-02 Status of US Coral Reef Ecosystems (Individual Island Sections) A. Introduction to Island Sections B. Setting/ Context: Spatial distribution, general characterization, Other Monitoring and socio-economic characterization of resources C. Environmental and Anthropogenic Stressors Data Sets: Working D. Condition of Resources and Ecosystem (quantitative and qualitative information) Groups 1. Biology (e.g., status of fish and macro-invertebrates) 2. Benthic habitats (e.g., status of algae, benthic invertebrates, Federal agencies e.g. coral) 3. Water quality (e.g., status of point and non-point pollution State/ territorial sources) E. Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Efforts resource mgmt. 1. Description of local coral reef monitoring programs 2. Potential biometrics for each data theme agencies 3. Methods and Results a) Biology (e.g., fish and macro-invertebrates) Academia b) Benthic habitats (e.g., algae, benthic invertebrates, e.g. coral) Existing Data c) Water quality (e.g., point and non-point sources) F. Current Conservation Management Activities (e.g. MPAs, pollution control) G. Overall Conclusions and Recommendations Draft 2004 Report Outline The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States I. Introductory Information 1. Global Warming/ Coral II. Executive Summary Bleaching 2. Diseases III. Biological & Socio-Economic Setting 3. Tropical Storms A. Spatial Distribution of Coral Reefs 4. Coastal Development and B. Environmental and Anthropogenic Stressors Facing Coral Reefs Runoff IV. Status of US Coral Reef Ecosystems 5. Coastal Pollution A. Introduction to Island Sections 6. Tourism and Recreation B. Setting/ Context: Spatial distribution, general characterization, and socio- 7. Fishing economic characterization of resources 8. Trade in Coral and Live C. Environmental and Anthropogenic Stressors Reef Species D. Condition of Resources and Ecosystem 9. Ships, Boats and 1. Biology Groundings 10. Marine Debris 2. Benthic habitats 11. Alien Species 3. Water quality 12. Security Training Activities E. Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Efforts 13. Offshore Oil and Gas 1. Description of local coral reef monitoring programs Exploration 2. Potential biometrics for each data theme 14. Other 3. Methods and Results a) Biology b) Benthic habitats c) Water quality F. Current Conservation Management Activities G. Overall Conclusions and Recommendations V. Overall Summary and Conclusions A. Summary Tables B. Conclusions VI. Bibliography/List of References 2004 Report: Data Acquisition, Review and Analysis (Tasks 4, 5, 6, 7) scheduled for completion in January 2004. 2003 2004 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Task 1 Workplan development; project implementation; NCREMP status review Task 1 NCREMP review Task 2 Task 8 Develop working report Working groups submit outline, island template draft (individual sections) Task 3 Task 9 Coordinate regional coral Compile + distribute monitoring meetings report (first draft) review Task 4 Task Identify local working groups and Revise + distribute data sets for report report (second draft) review Task 5 Obtain and review data Task 6 Task 11 Determine key parameters and Revise + distribute define summary tables for report final draft review Task 7 Task Analysis and synthesis of Final editorial monitoring data by all parties changes Task Submit report to printers Task Official release of report REPORT PLANNING AND DATA MINING/ ANALYSIS REPORT PRODUCTION We need USCRTF assistance to ensure that agency staff can actively participate in working groups. NOAA's Oceans & Coasts Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment Status of Mapping Efforts for U.S. Coral Reefs: Caribbean United States Caribbean: The Caribbean Benthic Habitat CD-rom was completed in 2001 and is being distributed. The effort mapped over 2,085 square kilometers of nearshore benthic habitats on St. Croix, St. Thomas, St. John, Puerto Rico, Desecho, Mona, Culebra and Vieques. The imagery was collected using aerial photography and heads-up digitizing. All materials used in the mapping process, including the digitizing extension, aerial photographs, various polygon shapefiles, legend files, ground control points and accuracy assessment points are available at http://biogeo.nos.noaa.gov. Florida: The Florida Keys Benthic Habitat CD-rom was completed in 1998. Due to the technological advances in imagery collection and a greater sophistication in mapping methodology, it may be highly beneficial to re-map areas represented in the present CD-rom and expand the area of interest to include important coral reef ecosystems and related habitats in adjacent coastal areas of the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. Status of Mapping Efforts for U.S. Coral Reefs: Pacific (1) Hawaii, Effort 1: The Hawaii Benthic Habitat CD-rom was completed earlier this year and is being distributed. The print atlas version, as requested by the POC and others, is nearing completion. The effort mapped 774 square kilometers of nearshore benthic habitats on all main islands. All materials used in the mapping process are available at http://biogeo.nos.noaa.gov. Hawaii, Effort 2: Hyperspectral imagery for the entire Island of Lanai has been collected. This includes16 flight lines, with 2-3 meter pixel size, an 1/10 an acre MMU, features imaged up to 30 meters in depth; Imagery is >95% obstruction free. Bottom classification is complete for 4 flight lines using new classification scheme: records zone, geomorphic structure, and cover type. This effort uses a hybrid processing approach- a combination of automated and visual processing. NOAA acceptance of the data is required before acquisition begins for the remaining 7 major islands. American Samoa: Draft maps of all the islands (Tutuila, Manua, Rose & Swains atolls) are complete with 95% thematic accuracies. 90% cloud-free IKONOS imagery was acquired for all shallow water areas, orthorectified and distributed to Federal and Island Partners. Horizontal accuracies ~ 7 meters. Training was conducted with local coral reef biologists to transfer mapping capabilities and methodologies. Detailed coral reef Accuracy Assessment (n=652) and ground validation (n = 348) points were collected throughout the islands. Status of Mapping Efforts for U.S. Coral Reefs: Pacific (2) Northern Marianas Islands: Draft maps of the Northern Islands will be started March 1 and completed by June 2004. NOAA has purchased cloud-free imagery for 5 of the islands; acquisition for the remaining islands is ongoing. Accuracy Assessment and Ground Validation point collection will be conducted by ALH in April 2004. Southern Marianas Islands: Draft maps of all the Islands will be completed by October 2003. 92% cloud-free IKONOS imagery was acquired for shallow waters, orthorectified and distributed to Federal and Island Partners. Horizontal accuracies ~ 7 meters. Training was conducted with CNMI coral reef biologists to transfer mapping capabilities and methodologies. Detailed coral reef Accuracy Assessment (n=519) and ground validation (n=231) points were collected throughout the islands. Guam: Draft maps of Guam will be started November 1 and completed by February 2004. NOAA is in the process of purchasing more cloud-free IKONOS imagery. Training, Accuracy Assessment and Ground Validation collection will be conducted with Guam coral reef biologists December 7 through the 13th.