Monaco

Document Sample
Monaco Powered By Docstoc
					Status of Integrated Mapping and Monitoring of
  Shallow-water U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems
        U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003




                                                        NOAA's Oceans & Coasts
                                    Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment
     Integrative Mapping, Monitoring & Assessment
                  U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003


       Mapping                     Monitoring                 Assessment
Acquire Imagery               Design Sample Protocols     Analyze Data




Develop Map                   Implement Monitoring        Complete Assessment
USCRTF Mapping Implementation Plan
   U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003


                    • Produce digital high resolution maps
                      of shallow-water (<30m) coral reef
                      ecosystem habitats
                    • Delineate and characterize benthic
                      habitats using a hierarchical
                      classification system
                    • Map All U.S. States, Territories, and
                      Commonwealths and the Freely
                      Associated States by 2007
                    • Integrate maps with research and
                      monitoring activities for use by
                      scientists and managers

                                                   NOAA's Oceans & Coasts
                               Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment
         U.S. Coral Reef Shallow-water Mapping Status:
                        U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003

Florida: CD-rom released 1998; total area mapped ~5,022 sq. km*.
U.S. Caribbean: CD-rom released 2001; total area mapped ~2,085 sq. km*.
Hawaii-1: CD-rom released 2003; total area mapped ~774 sq. km*.
Hawaii-2: Imagery acquired and processed for Lanai; ongoing proof of concept study.
NW Hawaiian Islands: CD-rom released 2003; total area mapped ~2,357 sq. km*.
American Samoa: Draft maps complete; total area mapped ~73 sq. km*. Training
                          held in May 2003.
CNMI (Southern Islands): Complete draft maps in October 2003; on-site training
                                    held in July 2003.
CNMI (Northern Islands): Complete draft maps in June 2004; imagery acquisition
                                    in progress.
Guam: Complete draft maps in February 2004; imagery acquisition in progress. On-
          site training to be held December 2003.
FAS and Florida-2: Mapping activities proposed to begin in 2004.
 *All area estimates exclude unknown areas, deep water and land.
  NOAA/ NOS Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Program:
                   U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003

OBJECTIVES:
1. Provide leadership in the development and
   implementation of a nationally-coordinated program
   to monitor the health of U.S. coral reef ecosystems.
2. Integrate disparate monitoring programs and sites
    into a coordinated national network.
3. Facilitate sharing of monitoring information among
   U.S. coral reef resource managers and scientists.
4. Fill gaps in monitoring coverage nationwide.

The goal of the coral reef ecosystem monitoring
program is to collect a robust and consistent
suite of data that can be used to prepare a
biennial report documenting the status and
trends in the health, community structure, and
condition of all US coral reef ecosystems.

                                                                      NOAA's Oceans & Coasts
                                                  Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment
NOAA/ NOS Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Program:
                      U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003

                                 MONITORING THEMES

  Benthic Parameters              Water Quality Parameters        Fishery Parameters




Cover (live, dead, etc.)          Nutrients                     Abundance & distribution

Abundance                         Suspended solids              Size class distribution

Condition                         Chlorophyll                   Indicator species

Size class distribution           Turbidity                     Diversity

Indicator species                 Temperature                   Richness

Diversity                         PAR                           Evenness


                                              Examples
    NOAA/ NOS Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Program:
                                                                                               Outyear Projections
                                                2000                                     2001                                      2002                                    2003                                    2004                                    2005                                    2006                                    2007




                                                                                                                                                           Water Quality
                                Water Quality




                                                                         Water Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Water Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Water Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Water Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Water Quality
                                                                                                                   Water Quality




                                                                                                                                                                                      Biological




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Biological




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Biological




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Biological




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Biological
                                                            Biological




                                                                                                                                              Biological
                                                                                                      Biological




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Habitat
                                                 Habitat




                                                                                                                                                                            Habitat




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Habitat




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Habitat




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Habitat
                                                                                                                                    Habitat
                                                                                          Habitat
American Samoa

CNMI

Guam

Hawai'i

Freely Associated States

Florida

Puerto Rico

USVI

TOTAL FUNDS                       $444,000                                 $560,790                                            $1.1M                                       $1.2M                               $1.2M                                  $1.4M                                        $1.8M                               $2.2M

        Total Actual        $3M
        Funds/Year         $ 2.5M
     (FY00-02) and          $2M
   Projected (FY03-        $ 1.5 M
    07) Funds/Year          $1M
   Required to Meet        $ 0.5 M
     FY2007 Goals             $0 M
                                                           2000                                     2001                                2002                                 2003                                   2004                                   2005                                    2006                             2007
The State of U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems: 2004 Report
                U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003




Changes for the 2004 report:
1. Greater role for local experts and working groups in collecting and analyzing
   data, and writing individual report sections describing each location.
2. Report will appear as an edited volume with POCs and working group
   members as section authors.
3. Greater incorporation of quantitative data. At a minimum, data funded
   through NOS will be analyzed, however, working groups should be moving
   toward incorporation of all relevant, accessible data.
                                                                NOAA's Oceans & Coasts
                                            Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment
       The State of U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems: 2004 Report
                   U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, October 2003



 Monitoring Data
Generated thru NOS
 Program 2000-02
                                              Status of US Coral Reef Ecosystems (Individual Island Sections)

                                                 A. Introduction to Island Sections
                                                 B. Setting/ Context: Spatial distribution, general characterization,
    Other Monitoring                                and socio-economic characterization of resources
                                                 C. Environmental and Anthropogenic Stressors
       Data Sets:        Working                 D. Condition of Resources and Ecosystem (quantitative and
                                                    qualitative information)
                         Groups                     1. Biology (e.g., status of fish and macro-invertebrates)
                                                    2. Benthic habitats (e.g., status of algae, benthic invertebrates,
 Federal agencies                                      e.g. coral)
                                                    3. Water quality (e.g., status of point and non-point pollution
 State/ territorial
                                                        sources)
                                                 E. Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Efforts
  resource mgmt.                                    1. Description of local coral reef monitoring programs
                                                    2. Potential biometrics for each data theme
  agencies                                          3. Methods and Results
                                                        a) Biology (e.g., fish and macro-invertebrates)
 Academia                                              b) Benthic habitats (e.g., algae, benthic invertebrates, e.g.
                                                           coral)
 Existing Data                                         c) Water quality (e.g., point and non-point sources)
                                                 F. Current Conservation Management Activities (e.g. MPAs,
                                                    pollution control)
                                                 G. Overall Conclusions and Recommendations
                               Draft 2004 Report Outline

                The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United
                  States and Pacific Freely Associated States
I. Introductory Information                                                              1.    Global Warming/ Coral
II. Executive Summary                                                                          Bleaching
                                                                                         2.    Diseases
III. Biological & Socio-Economic Setting                                                 3.    Tropical Storms
        A. Spatial Distribution of Coral Reefs                                           4.    Coastal Development and
        B. Environmental and Anthropogenic Stressors Facing Coral Reefs                        Runoff
IV. Status of US Coral Reef Ecosystems                                                   5.    Coastal Pollution
       A. Introduction to Island Sections                                                6.    Tourism and Recreation
       B. Setting/ Context: Spatial distribution, general characterization, and socio-   7.    Fishing
          economic characterization of resources                                         8.    Trade in Coral and Live
       C. Environmental and Anthropogenic Stressors                                            Reef Species
       D. Condition of Resources and Ecosystem                                           9.    Ships, Boats and
          1. Biology                                                                           Groundings
                                                                                         10.   Marine Debris
          2. Benthic habitats
                                                                                         11.   Alien Species
          3. Water quality
                                                                                         12.   Security Training Activities
       E. Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring Efforts
                                                                                         13.   Offshore Oil and Gas
          1. Description of local coral reef monitoring programs
                                                                                               Exploration
          2. Potential biometrics for each data theme                                    14.   Other
          3. Methods and Results
              a) Biology
              b) Benthic habitats
              c) Water quality
       F. Current Conservation Management Activities
       G. Overall Conclusions and Recommendations

V. Overall Summary and Conclusions
     A. Summary Tables
     B. Conclusions

VI. Bibliography/List of References
              2004 Report: Data Acquisition, Review and Analysis (Tasks 4, 5, 6, 7)
                          scheduled for completion in January 2004.
                                               2003                                                                                                      2004
Jan     Feb      Mar        Apr    May   Jun     Jul      Aug     Sep        Oct     Nov      Dec      Jan    Feb      Mar      Apr         May    Jun     Jul       Aug     Sep       Oct      Nov       Dec
Task 1
Workplan development;
project implementation;
NCREMP status review
Task 1
NCREMP review
Task 2                                                                                                        Task 8
Develop working report                                                                                        Working groups submit
outline, island template                                                                                      draft (individual sections)
Task 3                                                                                                                          Task 9
Coordinate regional coral                                                                                                       Compile + distribute
monitoring meetings                                                                                                             report (first draft)        review
                                         Task 4                                                                                                    Task
                                         Identify local working groups and                                                                         Revise + distribute
                                         data sets for report                                                                                      report (second draft)      review
                                                                  Task 5
                                                                  Obtain and review data
                                                                  Task 6                                                                                             Task 11
                                                                  Determine key parameters and                                                                       Revise + distribute
                                                                  define summary tables for report                                                                   final draft                 review
                                                                             Task 7                                                                                                    Task
                                                                             Analysis and synthesis of                                                                                 Final editorial
                                                                             monitoring data by all parties                                                                            changes
                                                                                                                                                                                       Task
                                                                                                                                                                                       Submit report to
                                                                                                                                                                                       printers
                                                                                                                                                                                                Task
                                                                                                                                                                                                Official release
                                                                                                                                                                                                of report

                           REPORT PLANNING AND DATA MINING/ ANALYSIS                                                                              REPORT PRODUCTION


                                      We need USCRTF assistance to ensure that
                                  agency staff can actively participate in working groups.
                    NOAA's Oceans & Coasts
Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment
Status of Mapping Efforts for U.S. Coral Reefs: Caribbean

United States Caribbean: The Caribbean Benthic Habitat CD-rom was
completed in 2001 and is being distributed. The effort mapped over 2,085 square
kilometers of nearshore benthic habitats on St. Croix, St. Thomas, St. John,
Puerto Rico, Desecho, Mona, Culebra and Vieques. The imagery was collected
using aerial photography and heads-up digitizing. All materials used in the
mapping process, including the digitizing extension, aerial photographs, various
polygon shapefiles, legend files, ground control points and accuracy assessment
points are available at http://biogeo.nos.noaa.gov.


Florida: The Florida Keys Benthic Habitat CD-rom was completed in 1998. Due
to the technological advances in imagery collection and a greater sophistication in
mapping methodology, it may be highly beneficial to re-map areas represented in
the present CD-rom and expand the area of interest to include important coral reef
ecosystems and related habitats in adjacent coastal areas of the Atlantic Ocean
and Gulf of Mexico.
Status of Mapping Efforts for U.S. Coral Reefs: Pacific (1)
Hawaii, Effort 1: The Hawaii Benthic Habitat CD-rom was completed earlier this
year and is being distributed. The print atlas version, as requested by the POC
and others, is nearing completion. The effort mapped 774 square kilometers of
nearshore benthic habitats on all main islands. All materials used in the mapping
process are available at http://biogeo.nos.noaa.gov.
Hawaii, Effort 2: Hyperspectral imagery for the entire Island of Lanai has been
collected. This includes16 flight lines, with 2-3 meter pixel size, an 1/10 an acre
MMU, features imaged up to 30 meters in depth; Imagery is >95% obstruction
free. Bottom classification is complete for 4 flight lines using new classification
scheme: records zone, geomorphic structure, and cover type. This effort uses a
hybrid processing approach- a combination of automated and visual processing.
NOAA acceptance of the data is required before acquisition begins for the
remaining 7 major islands.
American Samoa: Draft maps of all the islands (Tutuila, Manua, Rose & Swains
atolls) are complete with 95% thematic accuracies. 90% cloud-free IKONOS
imagery was acquired for all shallow water areas, orthorectified and distributed to
Federal and Island Partners. Horizontal accuracies ~ 7 meters. Training was
conducted with local coral reef biologists to transfer mapping capabilities and
methodologies. Detailed coral reef Accuracy Assessment (n=652) and ground
validation (n = 348) points were collected throughout the islands.
 Status of Mapping Efforts for U.S. Coral Reefs: Pacific (2)

Northern Marianas Islands: Draft maps of the Northern Islands will be started March
1 and completed by June 2004. NOAA has purchased cloud-free imagery for 5 of the
islands; acquisition for the remaining islands is ongoing. Accuracy Assessment and
Ground Validation point collection will be conducted by ALH in April 2004.

Southern Marianas Islands: Draft maps of all the Islands will be completed by
October 2003. 92% cloud-free IKONOS imagery was acquired for shallow waters,
orthorectified and distributed to Federal and Island Partners. Horizontal accuracies ~ 7
meters. Training was conducted with CNMI coral reef biologists to transfer mapping
capabilities and methodologies. Detailed coral reef Accuracy Assessment (n=519) and
ground validation (n=231) points were collected throughout the islands.

Guam: Draft maps of Guam will be started November 1 and completed by February
2004. NOAA is in the process of purchasing more cloud-free IKONOS imagery.
Training, Accuracy Assessment and Ground Validation collection will be conducted
with Guam coral reef biologists December 7 through the 13th.

				
DOCUMENT INFO