Arab Contributions to Civilization by zvf19883

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									The influence and achievements of
        the Muslim World.
      The Middle East is a geographic and cultural region located in
southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa. The geopolitical term
Middle East, first coined in 1902 by United States naval officer
Alfred Thayer Mahan, originally referred to the region south of the
Black Sea between the Mediterranean Sea to the west and India to the
east. In modern scholarship the term refers collectively to the
countries of Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel,
Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
Syria, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, and
the African country of Egypt.
      A broader, cultural definition might include the
Muslim countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya,
Sudan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. The area is mostly arid with hot, dry
summers and cool winters. It contains about 65 percent of the world's
oil reserves, primarily in the states bordering the Persian Gulf. Oil is
the region's main export. Some Middle Eastern countries are
extremely rich because of their oil reserves. Others with high
populations and no significant oil resources (notably Egypt and Yemen)
are considerably poorer. The first civilizations of the Middle East,
which grew in the valleys of the Nile, Tigris, and Euphrates rivers, are
among the oldest in the world.




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World History I Learning Standards
Building on knowledge from previous years, students should be able to:
The Emergence and Expansion of Islam to 1500
WHI.1 On a map of the Middle East, Europe, Africa, and Asia, identify where Islam began and trace the course of its
expansion to 1500 AD. (H)

WHI.2 Describe significant aspects of Islamic belief. (H)
A. the life and teachings of Muhammad
B. the significance of the Qur’an as the primary source of Islamic belief
C. Islam’s historical relationship to Judaism and Christianity
D. the relationship between government and religion in Muslim societies

WHI.3 Analyze the causes, course, and effects of Islamic expansion through North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, and Central
Asia. (H, G)
A. the strength of the Islamic world’s economy and culture
B. the training of Muslim soldiers and the use of advanced military techniques
C. the disorganization and internal divisions of Islam’s enemies
D. the resistance and/or assimilation of Christianized peoples in the Mediterranean

WHI.4 Describe the central political, economic, and religious developments in major periods of Islamic history. (H, E)
A. the sources of disagreement between Sunnis and Shi’ites
B. the importance of the trade routes connecting the Far East and Europe and the role of the Mongols in increasing trade
along these routes, including the silk routes to China
C. the relationship of trade to the growth of Central Asian and Middle Eastern cities
D. the sources and uses of slaves in Islamic societies as well as the extent of the Islamic slave trade across Africa from 700
AD on.

WHI.5 Analyze the influence and achievements of Islamic civilization during its “Golden Age.” (H)
A. the preservation and expansion of Greek thought
B. Islamic science, philosophy, and mathematics
C. Islamic architecture
The Medieval Period in Europe to 1500




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Goals:

   To guide students in studying history and in drawing conclusions
    about it.
   To personalize history so that its study,
    methodology, and lessons will be accessible.
   To provide guides and patterns which make
    the study of history easier to understand and
    more concrete.
   To teach the effective use of research and
    the proper methods of documentation.

Objectives.

   Describe how the natural environment in the Middle East played
    an important role in the development of the Muslim culture.
   Summarize the teachings of the major thinkers of the region.
   Locate and describe the major countries in the Middle East.
   Appreciate the Middle East and its diversity of customs, arts,
    and way of life.
   Describe the rich heritage and contributions of Islam and the
    region's ethnic groups.




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RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT:

       Your Team will research the contributions of the Islamic civilization during the
period from the years 800 to 1350. You will use the            STEPS provided
below to formulate your ideas, record your                         research and create
the presentation. Each member of the Team                          will conduct
research on the contributions from two (2)                         categories. You
must use at least three sources (books,                            Internet, and/or
reference books) in your research. Your Team                     will then make a
PowerPoint presentation to the class based upon your individual research, outline,
slide organizer, and storyboards. The presentation may not be less than five (5)
minutes in length and cannot exceed ten (10) minutes. Therefore, it is important
that your Team rehearse the presentation to ensure that your presentation meets the
minimum time requirements. Each member of the Team must participate in the
presentation. You will have access to the library’s PowerPoint program before,
during and after school. The project is worth one test grade. Each member of the
group will be graded based upon his or her individual contribution to the
presentation. See the rubric for details. Go to Mr. Gallagher’s Muslim World
Project located in Media Center / Curriculum Links / Social Studies / for links to
websites that have information concerning the Muslim World.

Your team should follow these steps to create a successful presentation:




Step #1. Each team member should select two (2) topics to RESEARCH from the
following areas:

Mathematics         Astronomy           Literature           Philosophy
Navigation          Geography           Arts and Crafts      Music
Medicine            Horticulture        Botany               Engineering
Architecture        Optics              Language             Calligraphy


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Step #2. Once you have completed your research - organize the information into
an OUTLINE using the following format:

1.   Who was famous in this area?
2.   What discoveries and contributions were made?
3.   Where were these contributions made?
4.   When were these contributions made?
5.   Why were these contributions made?
6.   How did these contributions influence contemporary and later society?

           Step #3. Convert the Outline into a SLIDE ORGANIZER. This is a
             simple way of writing the words that will actually appear on each
             slide.


Step #4. Create STORYBOARDS for your team’s presentation. The Storyboards
act as a visual reference for the placement of your graphics and photos.

Step #5. Download the graphics, maps, and photos that you plan to use in your
PowerPoint presentation into a folder. Call the folder
something like “Power Pics” and remember where you
put it so you know where to find the photos you have
downloaded.

Step #6. Once you have completed steps 1-5 the Team
will then open up the PowerPoint New Presentation
Wizard to select the design elements that the entire team will use for
their presentation. Each person will then work on their portion of the
presentation individually, but discussing key design decisions as a Team.

Step # 7. At this point the members of the Team will choose a Team Leader. The
Team Leader will be responsible for          incorporating each member’s portion
of the slide presentation into a single         PowerPoint file. Once completed,
the Team Leader will deposit                      their team’s PowerPoint file into
the Student Drop Box located on                  the department x: / drive / Social
Studies / Gallagher /                           Student Drop Box. You must drag
the file into the folder – you                cannot copy and paste it. Each
member of the Team should                      know how to do this in the event that
the Team Leader becomes ill,                    goes on an extended vacation to the
island of Corsica or gets lost somewhere in the most remote jungles of Africa.

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Topic:             PowerPoint Presentation
Title:             Achievements of the Islamic civilization
Length:            Minimum of 8 slides per team member.
Groups:            Four (4) students in each group
Due Date:          TBA.
Value:             Test Grade.

To fulfill the project requirements each student will be responsible for the
following:

A. Research the assigned areas of Arab contributions to civilization.
B. Create a Summary, Outline, Slide Organizer and Storyboard.
C. Each PowerPoint presentation should contain the following:
   1. Factual information on the topic.
   2. Utilize at least three sources.
   3. Pictures must come from the Internet or a scanner and be
      cited in your bibliography.
   4. Writing geared to the 9th grade level on two topics.
   5. Each team will produce an Introduction slide and a closing slide.
   6. Each student is to create seven (8) slides. One slide will be the introduction
      of your topic and one will be your bibliography. Each slide should contain
      not less than twenty-five words or more than sixty-five words. A graphic,
      map, picture, time-line, or graphic organizer should appear on six (6) of the
      slides. These should be labeled and relevant to the text on your slide.
   7. The text of your slides must be readable to your audience. Therefore, the
      choice of background and color of font for the text is an important part of
      your presentation.
   8. The font size of your text cannot be
      smaller than 20 – nor larger than 30.
      Text, heading, and theme must be
      consistent slide to slide and from team
      member to team member. Remember
      this is a team project.




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