Graduate 1. Graduate of the types of Although the &quot;graduate&quot; the word is definitely familiar, but in the end what types of people are probably well aware of much. Graduate education is higher education in national education series, is divided into two levels: Master&#39;s and PhD programs. At present more complex types of our graduates can be divided from the following perspective. ● by learning methods, divided into full-time graduate and postgraduate. The former refers to institutions of higher learning and research full-time graduate study; the latter refers to the original work while studying, still take some graduate work tasks. ● study funded by different sources, divided into national plans graduate, postgraduate training commission (the Wei Pei students) and graduate students at their own expense. Postgraduate Student of the national program funded by the countries, is divided into directional non-directional graduate students and graduate students (referred to as oriented students). Graduate students in non-graduate two-way directional freedom of choice of employment system; oriented students in the admission contract must be concluded when, after graduation under the contract to targeted areas or units of work. Commissioning of training graduate students funded by commissioned units, taking the time to sign the contract, the work units commissioned after graduation. Postgraduate training at their own expense funds provided by their own, sometimes in research funding from the instructor expenses, or for the community sponsor. National plans of non-directed graduate students, usually what we call &quot;public funds&quot; graduate students, graduate enrollment currently occupy a larger share, but follows years of enrollment, the number of places graduate students at their own expense are also expanding. ● In accordance with the professional and the use, divided into ordinary and special types of graduate students graduate. Which accounted for most of the ordinary graduate student. At present, China&#39;s special mature main Graduate Master of Business Administration (MBA) and Master of Laws (generally referred to as &quot;LL.M.&quot;). Master of recently emerged administration (MPA). Special post-graduate and graduate students in the general entry requirements, academic requirements, such as learning content are very different. 2. Postgraduate academic and scholarship Master&#39;s education system vary due to differences in the school, usually 2 to 3 years, most of them 3 years, there are two and a half years. Graduate study credit system, with the same undergraduate curriculum includes required and elective, in general, the first two years of basic courses and specialized courses to learn the time, usually completing most of the credits; the third year to complete the thesis, internship and job. Many schools provide that, if completing the required credits in advance, and meet certain conditions, can apply for early graduation. According to regulations, in-service Master of years of study can be extended for one year. Master of tutorial system, which has a mentor (the title of associate professor or above) for guidance, and this is a very different undergraduate study. A general in charge of a mentor to several graduate students, guiding their daily learning and academic research, led in the research, thesis guidance, etc.. According to the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Education fiscal 〔1996〕 85, as stipulated in graduate school during the state&#39;s subsidies, or as general scholarships. School is different specific payment, generally at 200 yuan. Work experience before admission were higher, according to certain standards of work experience with the increment, but no more than 300. In addition, graduate students engaged in the research or teaching assistant through the work, and also get some income. 3. Which means you can go to graduate school University must be a unified national college entrance examination, which means graduate school to be relatively more, and more flexible. People who have been working, in addition to giving up work post-graduate education, it also may not apply to study full-time degree, or apply for a separate examination. Not full-time degree applicants, popular speaking, while working, while an advanced degree, also known as &quot;working-degree students.&quot; Graduate students to sit together form with the formal post-graduate study, and participated in the same examination can apply for places after the adoption. Study, examination, respondent is required to pay a fee, usually all over in a few million. Only through the Ministry of Education approved a small number of enrolled graduate students in key universities, opportunities are limited and must obtain the consent of the workplace. Degree in management with strengthened through this approach to obtain a degree increasingly difficult. General finally able to answer, getting a degree is not high. Single employer test is the backbone of the set target training to business graduate entrance examination. University graduate in the application of professional or related work continuously for four years, has published a paper or a business backbone, can apply for a separate examination. Separate exams and national exams set the same degree of public courses and exam test questions difficulty level is very. For fresh graduates, the school may consider the way graduate students are mainly two: First, security research, and second, 考 研 . Security research, that is, &quot;Exempt Master&quot;, a general fall semester every year in late September to late October to screen students in the senior year, the right of rule-making and operational control by the school, so different schools, also have different security research different. Usually have the following: ● based primarily on academic performance of Direct Push without examination. This study places in Bulgaria to occupy the majority. Common practice is to designate the basic grades schools (such as credit hour for more than a few points) and according to certain places Bili onward transport system institutions, the institutions combined with other aspects of the department, submitted a list of schools for approval. Normally only the top few classes may only protect research. ● Students in Direct Push without examination. Some schools expertise in order to attract or retain qualified personnel, are granted special concessions, Exempt from attending graduate school. Common are sports and art classes talented students, but very few places, is very strict, and many schools do not have such policies. ● School between Direct Push without examination. Educational authorities in order to encourage academic exchanges between universities and reduce the academic inbreeding, strongly advocated in recent years to outstanding graduates of other universities Exempt. Since the school security research conditions and student learning differences, and sometimes difficult to obtain insurance in the school eligible students study in other schools, but may wish fulfilled. So if you score well, yeah, ranking, it is estimated that school security research and not much hope, they can try inter-institution security research. However be noted that the majority of the school to recommend their students to other schools Paul Yan was not active, there is no obligation for you to do good, so when the moment arrives, you should be to seek relevant information and take the initiative to get contact with each other. ● Exempt Eligibility for Admission. Such recommended students not immediately go to graduate school, but reserves the admission a year or two, the first arrangement to the relevant departments in accordance with school work, or as an education department to send officers to remote areas to support education. The conditions of such walks relatively low, but not everyone can apply to only the performance of outstanding student leaders or activists have selected qualification. Same time, this is not necessarily the best choice, after all, to delay one or two years of his precious youth. Exempt does not mean do not take the test. In order to ensure the quality of many schools recommend, but also add a number of test subjects such as English, Courses, etc.. In addition, the re-testing is also compulsory. If your score is difficult to estimate directly sponsoring research, and having no obvious physical or cultural expertise, nor is the teacher in mind the importance of &quot;cadres&quot;, and you would very much like graduate school, which since ancient times when only a way Huashan - graduate school. 4. Graduate applicants requested Post-graduate education required to meet certain conditions. According to the spirit of the document the Ministry of Education, graduate candidates to meet the basic criteria for the following categories. Units of the Ministry of Education also authorized to develop higher admission requirements apply for the above-mentioned conditions. ● political conditions. Support for the CPC&#39;s leadership, willing to socialist modernization; and moral good, law-abiding. ● qualification (subject to the following one can sit): ◎ nationally recognized qualifications or previous year&#39;s graduates; ◎ won national recognition of qualifications of university graduate, 2 years after graduation or two years of work experience, equivalent to university graduates (including the nationally recognized college of adult education new graduates); ◎ been a nationally recognized master&#39;s degree or postgraduate degree; but only apply for colleges and universities, and can only apply for training for the original unit commissioned master. ● Age conditions. No more than 40 years of age; Wei Pei, at their own expense may be relaxed. ● health conditions. Health status of the required medical standards. ● personnel conditions. Fresh college graduates must hold a letter of recommendation has been in the school and student ID; serving officers must hold some units of the personnel department in a letter of introduction and work permits; other personnel required to hold my files a letter of introduction issued by unit. If the unit without the right personnel deployment, the test of superiors, the personnel department a letter of introduction. ● academic qualifications. Service personnel to college graduates, diploma holders and degree certificates required; equivalent who must hold a unit issued to graduate degrees proof. Graduates has not yet received degree certificates, letter of introduction can support the school. 5. Registration Procedure Candidates each year the official application period is generally 10 to 14 November. Surge in recent years the number of candidates, some schools in order to reduce register pressure, but also to competition for excellent student, always in advance registration. Application site from the provinces, autonomous regions, directly under the Shizhaoshengban determined according to local conditions, generally in the city or the prefecture level or above on setting registration point. The specific application will place a year ahead of release, generally little change. Registration is a troublesome thing, smooth also spent a couple hours. Specific procedures as adjusted each year, so we must carefully look at pre-registration required. Here are the 2001 Kaoyan candidates of application, we can see a roughly from. ● sit for examination of the evidence, pay the sitting fee and receive a machine-readable information cards and &quot;are marked on manual&quot;; ● are marked on the information card completed, to the reader Office system testing the system after confirmation print &quot;candidate registration card enrollment situation&quot; in duplicate, by the candidate check, bill the forgotten after the signature to confirm the part; ● Candidates with &quot;examination of the enrollment situation registration card&quot; for &quot; 报 考 登 记 表 &quot;, &quot;admission ticket&quot;; ● Candidates fill out the &quot;Registration Form&quot; by the candidates to sign the views of the unit personnel department, official seal, together with all the applicants materials and blank &quot;admission ticket&quot; sent directly to the specified date given in the first voluntary admission unit; ● Admissions unit through the audit, then &quot;admission ticket&quot; to send candidates. Candidates receive an &quot;admission ticket&quot;, net of the first test were eligible for postgraduate examinations. 6. Organization Proposition and examination Graduate Entrance Examination conducted by the macro guidance of the Ministry of Education, Higher Education administrative departments at all levels, and enrollment management unit of classification, the specific implementation. Currently there are four ways Postgraduate Recruitment: National entrance examination; part of the admissions unit of their own organization separate examination; legal professional master&#39;s degree, MBA and other professional master&#39;s degree in national entrance exam. We only describe here is closely related to national unity Entrance Examination. Graduate recruit a unified national examination is divided into two phases first test and retest. Preliminary examination by the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) to implement the unified organization of college admissions office, the general arrangements for the Spring Festival every year before the first 15 days to 10 days or so. National examination preliminary examination of the test subjects based political theory, foreign language and three business courses. This is among some of the subjects by the National Examination Center of Ministry of Education organized the proposition, the specific practice is set up according to subject propositions group, transferred the authority of experts to focus on propositions closed. Unified proposition subjects: political theory, non-foreign language major in English, Russian, Japanese, science and engineering, and economic class, part of the professional mathematics, Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese subjects integrated subjects. Syllabus developed by the Ministry of Education Examination Center, Higher Education Publishing House&#39;s &quot;political theory syllabus,&quot; &quot;math test framework&quot;, &quot;English Test Program&quot;, &quot;Outline of medical examination&quot; to be determined. The outline of each year based on last year, re-publication of the revised. Other test subjects by the unit of self-organized recruitment proposition. Each exam are 100-point scale, the examination time for three hours. For the first test in the admissions unit of their own propositions and professional education at the Ministry of Education proposed the following principle requirements: ● ease of examination questions according to the discipline, professional graduate school with the basic requirements must be determined. New graduates should generally be made in the best students to pass the above results. For ease of selection, there should be questions in part, to test the candidate to master the course and mastered, the degree of independent thinking, and flexible use of the knowledge capacity, but the share of such content does not exceed the total maximum score 20% points. ● questions should reflect the discipline and professional backbone of the course content and requirements. Evenly distributed appropriately in several basic areas, generally including the basic theory, practical knowledge, comprehensive analysis and verification aspects of the content. Some questions the course should include basic computing and experimental methods, and content. The questions of liberal arts courses in the Proposition should pay attention to both test candidates to master the material circumstances, will also reflect the ability of candidates to the theoretical analysis. ● not involve the remaining questions in the major academic controversy. ● According to the actual situation, the answer can be selected. But not too much. Choose between the ease of the answer should be roughly the same. ● The enrollment unit may review the examination requirements of the business class area, specify the bibliography and published the outline review. Retest generally arranged around a year early in May, the recruiting unit self-organizing. 8. Test content and requirements National examination subject content of the examination content will be adjusted each year, this adjustment is reflected in the current issue of the outline of subjects. In general, larger annual changes in the political content of the examination in English and mathematics are subject to change, and other subjects of the smaller changes. The following is summarized in the 2002 examination content outline. ● Political Theory. Political theory is now in adjustments. In accordance with the &quot;Two course set a new program&quot; (Marxist Theory and the Moral) request, from the beginning of 2000 postgraduate entrance examination for a period of three years of adjustment. Changes in the examination syllabus in 2001 has been completed, is expected to be completed in 2002 the content of the final adjustment. Finalized the arts and political content of the examination, including ① Marxist Philosophy; ② Marxist Political Economy; ③ Mao Zedong Thought; ④ Deng Xiaoping Theory; ⑤ contemporary world economy and politics; ⑥ Situation and Policy. Political science does not test the contemporary world economy and politics. ● English (non-English majors). Difficulty level is roughly equivalent to CET6, including: ① hearing. Hearing results in 2002 as the reference points, it is estimated Directions 2003 will be an important part of the hearing. ② vocabulary. Related words, phrases mainly limited to &quot;outline&quot; in the &quot;Glossary&quot;, total about 5,300. ② syntax. Verb tense, voice, mood and modal verbs, the use of non-finite verb; nouns adjectives and adverbs; prepositions, conjunctions and pronouns; simple sentence, compound sentence and compound sentence structure and usage. ③ reading comprehension. Usually five essays, covering social life, biographies, science, history, geography, political, economic and other genres, including argumentative essay, narrative, expository and so on. Volume control words are usually words in the article about 3%. Required reading speed of 60 words per minute is about. ④ writing. According to the topic or material to write narrative, description or argumentative essay, writing frequently in recent years Figure. Writing the general proposition is not rare, not very professional, usually in close contact with school life, or to reflect the current social hot spots. For example, healthy, how to read, environmental protection, arbitrary commitments have is a problem area. ● Japanese, Russian. And English approximation, outline a long-term no change. ● mathematics. In accordance with the test content and difficulty are divided into four. General Mathematics in Science and Technology Professional 1, 2, Economics in Mathematics 3, 4. Generally include the following: ① Higher Mathematics. Functions, limits, continuity, function, calculus, vector algebra and spatial geometry, multi-function calculus, infinite series, ordinary differential equations. ② linear algebra. Determinant, matrices, vectors, linear equations, matrix eigenvalues and eigenvectors, quadratic. ③ Probability and Statistics preliminary. Random events and probability, random variables and probability distribution, random distribution of two-dimensional probability distribution, the number of characteristics of random variables, law of large numbers and central limit theorem, the basic concepts of mathematical statistics, parameter estimation, hypothesis testing. 9. How to marking In accordance with the Ministry of Education, a national examination papers Pingyue subjects by the admissions unit where provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) College Admissions unified organization, business class papers are organized by their own admission units 评阅. Uniform marking, usually scoring in accordance with established disciplinary group drawn from key teachers in all colleges and universities focus on closed marking. Marking time normally scheduled for after the Spring Festival, usually several days to complete. Then there is quite some time later verification, compiling, data analysis, etc., so generally to mid-March until after the results service recruitment unit. The enrollment of subjects on their own scoring with professional work of the general and uniform marking synchronization. Since the late save a lot of work, so often earlier release of results. ● political scoring. Objective questions in accordance with the standard answer to the points. Analysis of subjective questions, including questions and materials issues, marking time to implement the standard answer, &quot;check out the location to the points.&quot; As the day scoring average teacher sentenced to nearly five papers read, so probably the answer basically only one or Zhaozhao points, or just look at each paragraph topic sentences. This requires answers concise as possible, highlighting the key point, not a lot of nonsense, many irrelevant things to pile up, so inundated scoring. Not sure if some of the basic principles, better not, or if the wrong, it may play an opposite effect. ● English marking. Objective questions in English accounted for 80% of scores, all using Ji Duka automatic marking. Subjective writing implement manual scoring. Marking the surface composition is very fine, including themes, sentences, grammar, spelling, beginning of a book and many other indicators. But in fact, scoring an average day teacher sentenced to more than 800 papers, we can only look at to see were probably the main thing is to see the paragraph topic sentences. So the best topic sentence as possible on the first paragraph, and multi-purpose Firstly, Secondly, Finally the words to mark what kind. ● math scoring. Mathematics Marking focus on answering the question, the general implementation of &quot;step by step to the points.&quot; Some of the key steps in the higher scores. Therefore, even if you can not ultimately solve for the correct answer, they should start a few steps as possible, for more than a few minutes too. Review the implementation of more stringent grading system, in general, no significant error. Results announced, if the candidate on a subject of examination results in doubt apply to the admissions unit, examined and approved by the admissions office units by staff for review and the results inform the candidate himself. Candidates may not direct access to papers I results, not to have direct access to papers. 10. Scores of the identified Marking the work of the national examination preliminary examination after the end of the year by the Ministry of Education examination under circumstances and conditions applied for delineation of total score and single minimum admission standards. With a separate admission test unit, marks its own master. Master of the national entrance examination of the legal profession, MBA, the minimum scores are also designated by the state. Marks the implementation of &quot;bucket theory&quot;, that as long as the score of any one subject did not meet the minimum state line, unless an exception, did not attend a final audition, the possibility of being admitted. Scores varied by year, usually in 50-60 minutes up and down. The minimum score line job candidates are generally around 5 points lower than this year&#39;s candidates, Billing Division of the same line. The following countries in recent years, the lowest score. In recent years, particularly 2000, the score line of demarcation more flexible, with professional &quot;hot&quot; in the different regional economic differences, scores were not small change. Not sure the students feel Kaoyan should consider whether to make use of this differential treatment policy. Be noted that the total score and Billing Division has reached the national minimum admission standards does not mean that the first test has passed. First of all, to see whether the results achieved by the institutions applied for the minimum scores required, as part of the admissions unit, regional national minimum score line may be adjusted as appropriate (note that some less popular professions, institutions in a particular case may develop below the national standard The minimum scores); second, depends on their own whether to apply for professional achievement score requirements. In general, brand-name schools are more popular specialties because the number of candidates, limited enrollment, preliminary examination admission scores also gone up. For example, some popular 2001 Professional Line score as high as 380. ?