1. Dictionaries: a dictionary. Dictionaries and referred to various specialist
2. Literature: neither material nor spiritual, physical and chemical knowledge, he is a
form of information is a combination of material and spiritual, is one of the nature of
information and social information into a systematic and orderly, and in the text.
Graphics . symbol. audio and video information symbols recorded on a certain carrier
for solid long-term preservation and dissemination of intellectual products.
3. Search Language: is based on the needs of Information Retrieval, created an
artificial language, composed by the vocabulary and grammar. Can be divided into:
Category Search language, subject retrieval language, code retrieval language are
three categories of the Integrated Language, and natural language retrieval language
of the future direction of development.
4. Quadruplicity: is a classification of ancient books, Xun Jin starts to take series
&lt;Zhong Jing&gt;, the small group book is divided into four categories B,
C, and later, Don &lt;Sui Shu. Jing Ji Zhi &gt; divided by. History. son. set
of four, sub-class of ancient China has gradually become the main method, such as
preparation of the Qing Ji Yun &lt;Si Ku Quan Shu&gt; it to finish, so using
the four being perfected, and has become the classification of ancient books standard.
5. Encyclopedia: Hui-blowing is the subject or subjects of the technical terms,
important terms, including names. Names. Title, name of characters and events, to the
way points out dictionary entries to review. Outlined a comprehensive manner
systematic and objective and concise statement, pay attention to reflect the new
research has examined the dual role of education as a major reference book,
encyclopedia and a compilation of general, academic and authority, accessibility and
examine the characteristics of .
6. Index: is the print media have retrieved some of the important significance of the
information, book title, English Version, themes, explore issues, personal names and
place names were extracted out of a certain way of presentation, and indicate the
source for search tool. It includes the index source, index entries, layout methods,
source four basic elements of the guidelines system, the index reveals the
characteristics of the literature has focused on the internal characteristics of the record
to suggest that the source, revealing the contents of broad, informative.
7. Bibliography: is engaged in a number of recorded literature, the formation of record
entries, and press a certain sequence grouping of literature revealed a report tool, in
the book catalog of short, its basic features are: Revealing and the expression of a
vascular approved books; describe the basic features of each book; to a range of
entries by a certain law of emission inspection organization for retrieval purposes by
the preparation can be divided into: the registration books, briefing books, subject
bibliographies, bibliographies of bibliography , following recorded documents can be
divided into comprehensive bibliography, subject bibliography, local bibliography,
personal writing books, by revealing collection of documents can be divided into
Booklist, union catalog.
8. Subiect: is pooling the data, using them to express. Terminology for describing the
subject to be arranged in the way. It will discuss and study different disciplines, the
same thing the same issues or literature focused on the same theme, be arranged
according to alphabetical. can be divided into two types: one in accordance with a
standardized layout language as a theme of literature, first by the natural language
without a standardized presentation of literature as a theme, such as the key lexical.
9. The political book: is an ancient or a dynasty of political and economic. Military
and cultural system of historical, re-organized and categorized to be arranged for a
search tool for books, can be divided through discipline of political books. Dating of
the certificate , three types of thematic certificate. Qing Dynasty government in the
name of the book repair &lt;Si Ku Quan Shu&gt; when starting to use.
10. Boolean search method: a computer search methods, which use Boolean operators
to connect the search, then the corresponding set of computer operations, in order to
filter out the required records. Common logical or Boolean operator OR, logic AND,
logic non-NOT, distribution and retrieval of operational procedures for simple queries
described accurately, the advantages of higher precision.
11. Topic: is a general term for a common thing for literature discussion and study the
expression of specific objects and problems, that is the center of literature. Each
literature contains several themes, research, or set one or more problem. literature is
the literature of the theme or set of issues essential attribute of the logical description
of the language of the form of theme words.
12. Keywords: refers to the body of literature titles and out, to express the theme of
the content play a key role, and after a small amount of standardized, meaning a
13. Information: No matter itself, is a fundamental property of matter, which is all of
nature and human society and the way their state of motion, the internal relations of
things and the meaning of the symptoms.
14. Yearbook: is the system of collection of important documents within one year of
information, according to the annual publication of the tool.
15. Table spectrum: according to the type of object or system, with a simple text or
accurate figures to form a more orderly lineage or other form of historical records by
conscription age and time of the tool.
16. Alphabetical method: according to the pronunciation of Chinese character fonts or
a certain order of the words objective method books, as Chinese characters have
shaped the characteristics of sound and meaning, form and pronunciation of more
complex structure, so people under the character&#39;s physical structure or
pronunciation from the inductive a common characteristic, they formed the
alphabetical method. Alphabetic law, including shape sequence method. audio
sequencing two categories.
17. Reference Book: Yes, the people have certain needs to collect a wide range of
relevant information, according to a specific body column or form can provide clues
to the basic knowledge and documentation of a special type of book, which has the
following characteristics: general and informational; search and examine the nature;
accuracy and objectivity /
18. Abstracts: Yes, books. Paper summary. It books. Press the importance of literature
in condensed, concise and accurately reflect the themes, methods, objectives, results,
data, conclusions and effectiveness. And the record of the original document title.
Author , the source, must be organized according to the layout for reading and
19. Full-text database: full text or a store in which the main part of the source
database, mainly refers to all kinds of books, legal provisions, and case series. The
important journals, news reports and encyclopedias, manuals. Yearbooks, and all text
or all of the original content is converted into computer readable form. It will retrieve
the secondary literature for integration with the original documents, the user can find
the required documents directly from the full text and the words, sentences. paragraph.
section, chapter and related information without access to the original again.
20. Books: a literature mining Jie reference information such as historical allusions,
names matter systems, Poetry Articles, Korea and other words parallel phrase,
according to their type of rhyme) (minority were arranged according to, quoted for a
query tool, it is quite characteristic of ancient China, a far-reaching tool.
21. &lt;Sikuquanshuzongmu Abstract&gt;: the biggest in our history a
government repair directory, basically a collection of Si Ku Quan Shu Qin Zhiqing
Shangchuan Shi our first major classical literature, compiled Sikuquanshu when the
head and the recording of deposit books written on the frontispiece in the book a
summary, which will bring together these feeds, to examine change series into
&lt;Sikuquanshuzongmu Abstract&gt;, a book, divided by, history, children,
set four major categories, under the sub- breakdown.
22. Dictionary: as the prefix is a word, the word that contains the words together to
explain the concept of words, meaning and usage of the tool.
23. Manual: a collection of a particular subject or theme of the basic knowledge of
information to be systematically arranged, ready to rake in the tool.