Alaska Alaska Occupational Table

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					                                                              Table of Contents


Inside the Alaska 2004-2005 Occupational Table (What is it? And how do you use it?)                                  3

Index of Occupational Titles (an alphabetical index of occupations by job title                                      4

Index of Occupations by Education (an alphabetical index of occupations grouped by the education usually required)   8

Occupation Clusters

Architecture and Engineering Occupations                                                                             12
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports and Media Occupations                                                            14
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations                                                            18
Business and Financial Occupations                                                                                   19
Community and Social Services Occupations                                                                            22
Computer and Math Occupations                                                                                        22
Construction and Extraction Occupations                                                                              24
Education, Training and Library Occupations                                                                          28
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations                                                                           31
Food Preparation and Service Occupations                                                                             32
Healthcare Occupations                                                                                               34
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations                                                                    39
Legal Occupations                                                                                                    43
Life, Physical and Social Science Occupations                                                                        44
Management Occupations                                                                                               47
Office and Administrative Support Occupations                                                                        50
Personal Care and Service Occupations                                                                                54
Production Occupations                                                                                               57
Protective Service Occupations                                                                                       62
Sales Occupations                                                                                                    64
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations                                                                       66
                                                                                                                                                                                              3
                                                         Inside the 2004-2005 Alaska Occupational Table
There are 498 occupations represented in this occupational table. The occupations listed are grouped in "clusters" along with other related occupations. The
occupations can also be searched by using either the Index of Occupational Titles (page 4), which is an alphabetical listing of all 498 occupations, or by the Index
of Occupations by Education (page 8), which groups the occupations alphabetically according to the education usually required.

Occupational Description contains                        Educational Description                   Hiring Practices commonly used                    Page numbers and Internet references are
the title and a brief description of duties.             Occupations within a “cluster”            by Alaska employers. May include                  also included for the 2004-05 edition of the
                                                         are grouped according to the              minimum requirements, preferred                   U.S. Department of Labor publication
                                                         education usually required                training, and experience. Certification           Occupational Outlook Handbook. This
                                                                                                   and/or licensing requirements are                 source offers more in-depth information
                                                                                                   also noted.                                       about the occupation.



Administrative Occupations
                                                                          No Specific Educational Requirements
      Small Business Operators Own and manage firms employing              Opportunity varies                      Knowledge of accounting, bookkeeping, purchasing, sales, and
      fewer than 20 employees which sell goods, provide services, or       Employment data not available           marketing is essential. Being knowledgeable about the products or
      manufacture products. Small business operators often invest large    Earnings vary                           services being sold is important. License required.
      amounts of time, energy, and money into their businesses

                                                                                One Year Beyond High School
      Fast Food Managers Fast food managers operate restaurants that       Opportunity data not available          Most employers look for persons with a two-year or four-year college
      specialize in quick service and take-out food                        Employment data not available           degree.
                                                                           Earnings data not available              Internet http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos024.htm



                                               Job Outlook in Alaska, Alaska Employment and Average Earnings
                        Job Outlook designations are based on
                        projected Alaska employment changes and job
                                                                                     Employment is the current               Earnings      indicates how
                        opportunities from 2002-2012.                                estimated number of Alaskans            much Alaskan workers in an
                                                                                     employed in the occupation.             occupation generally earn.
                        Excellent                                                                                            These are average earnings
                        Above Average                                                                                        and are monthly unless
                        Average                                                                                              otherwise noted.
                        Below Average




For more information, contact the Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development, Research and Analysis Section,
PO Box 25501, Juneau, AK 99802-5501 Phone: (907) 465-4500.

Email:
Kimberly_Brakes@labor.state.ak.us.
Material in this publication is public information and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4



                                                                                Index of Occupational Titles
                                     A                                           Automobile Mechanics..........................................40                 Chemical Plant Operators .................................... 61
Accountants and Auditors..................................... 20                                                      B                                           Chemists............................................................... 45
Actors.................................................................... 15    Baggage Porters and Bellhops .............................54                     Child Care Workers .............................................. 55
Actuaries............................................................... 23      Bailiffs....................................................................63   Chiropractors........................................................ 38
Administrative Services Managers ....................... 48                      Bakers ...................................................................59     Choreographers ................................................... 17
Adult and Vocational Education Teachers ........... 29                           Bank Tellers ..........................................................50        City Planning Aides .............................................. 45
Advertising Managers........................................... 48               Barbers..................................................................56      Civil Engineers ..................................................... 13
Advertising Salespeople....................................... 65                Bartenders.............................................................33        Clergy ................................................................... 22
Aerospace Engineers ........................................... 12               Bicycle Repairers ..................................................40           Clothes Pressers .................................................. 57
Agents and Business Managers........................... 20                       Bill and Account Collectors ...................................50                Coaches and Sports Instructors........................... 15
Agricultural Engineers .......................................... 13             Billing Clerks .........................................................50       Coin and Vending Machine Repairers ................. 41
Agricultural Inspectors .......................................... 32            Biologists...............................................................45      College and University Administrators ................. 49
Agricultural Products Graders and Sorters .......... 31                          Blue Collar Worker Supervisors............................62                     Commercial Divers ............................................... 41
Agricultural Scientists ........................................... 44           Boilermakers .........................................................27         Commercial Fishers ............................................. 31
Agricultural Worker Supervisor............................. 31                   Bookbinders and Bindery Workers .......................59                        Communication Equipment Mechanics................ 41
Air Traffic Controllers............................................ 69           Bookkeeping and Accounting Clerks....................53                          Community Health Aides/Practitioners ................ 34
Aircraft Mechanics ................................................ 42           Bricklayers and Stone Masons .............................27                     Compliance Officers and Inspectors .................... 20
Airplane Assemblers............................................. 57              Broadcast Technicians .........................................15                Composers and Music Arrangers......................... 18
Airplane Pilots....................................................... 69        Brokerage Clerks ..................................................50            Computer and Information System Managers ..... 47
Alternative Medical Practitioners .......................... 35                  Budget Analysts ....................................................20           Computer Engineers ............................................ 23
Ambulance Drivers ............................................... 66             Building Maintenance Workers .............................40                     Computer Equipment Repairers........................... 41
Anesthesiologists.................................................. 38           Bulldozer and Grader Operators...........................26                      Computer Operators............................................. 53
Animal Breeders ................................................... 32           Bus and Truck Mechanics ....................................41                   Computer Programmers....................................... 23
Animal Caretakers ................................................ 55            Bus Drivers............................................................67        Computer Security Specialists ............................. 22
Animal Control Workers........................................ 62                Business Executives .............................................48              Computer Support Specialists.............................. 23
Animal Scientists .................................................. 44          Buspersons ...........................................................32         Computer System Analysts .................................. 23
Animal Trainers .................................................... 56          Buyers and Purchasing Agents ............................20                      Conservation Scientists........................................ 45
Announcers........................................................... 14                                                                                          Construction and Building Inspectors .................. 26
Anthropologists..................................................... 46                                                                                           Construction and Well Drillers.............................. 26
                                                                                                                      C                                           Construction Helpers............................................ 25
Appliance Installers and Repairers....................... 40                     Cabinetmakers......................................................57
Appraisers and Assessors.................................... 19                                                                                                   Construction Managers ........................................ 46
                                                                                 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 41                                   Copy Machine Operators ..................................... 50
Aquaculture Workers ............................................ 31              Camera Operators ................................................15
Archeologists ....................................................... 46                                                                                          Coroners............................................................... 64
                                                                                 Cannery Workers ..................................................33             Corrections Officers.............................................. 63
Architects ............................................................. 13      Cardiovascular Technologists...............................34
Archivists and Curators ........................................ 30                                                                                               Cost Estimators .................................................... 20
                                                                                 Carpenters ............................................................27        Costume and Wardrobe Specialists..................... 56
Art Directors.......................................................... 17       Cartographers and Photogrammetrists ................13
Astronomers ......................................................... 46                                                                                          Counselors ........................................................... 22
                                                                                 Cartoonists and Animators ...................................17                  Counter and Rental Clerks................................... 64
Athletic Trainers.................................................... 37         Cashiers ................................................................64
Audiologists .......................................................... 38                                                                                        Counter Attendants .............................................. 33
                                                                                 Casino Gaming Workers.......................................55                   Couriers and Messengers .................................... 50
Audio-Visual Specialists ....................................... 29              Cement Masons....................................................26
Auto Body Repairers ............................................ 40                                                                                               Court Clerks ......................................................... 50
                                                                                 Chefs and Dinner Cooks.......................................33                  Crane and Tower Operators ................................ 69
Auto Glass Installers............................................. 39            Chemical Engineers..............................................13
Automatic Teller Machine Servicers..................... 40                                                                                                        Credit Analysts ..................................................... 19
                                                                                 Chemical Equipment Operators............................58                       Credit Checkers and Authorizers ......................... 50
Index of Occupational Titles (cont.)                                                                                                                                                                                                   5

Crossing Guard .................................................... 62          Fence Erectors......................................................25         Heating and Cooling System Mechanics ............. 41
Customer Service Representatives...................... 50                       File Clerks .............................................................51    Heavy Equipment Mechanics............................... 43
                                                                                Film and Video Editors..........................................17             Heavy Truck Drivers............................................. 67
                                     D                                          Financial Analysts .................................................20         High School Teachers.......................................... 29
Dancers ................................................................ 15     Financial Counselors ............................................20            Highway Maintenance Workers ........................... 25
Data Communication Analysts ............................. 23                    Financial Managers...............................................48            Historians ............................................................. 46
Data Entry Keyers................................................. 51           Fine Artists ............................................................15    Hoist and Winch Operators .................................. 69
Database Administrators ...................................... 24               Firefighters ............................................................63    Home Electronics Repairers ................................ 41
Deckhands............................................................ 66        Fire Inspectors ......................................................63       Home Health Aides .............................................. 34
Demonstrators and Promoters ............................. 65                    Fire Investigators ..................................................64        Hotel and Motel Managers ................................... 47
Dental Assistants.................................................. 34          Fish and Game Wardens ......................................64                 Hotel Desk Clerks................................................. 51
Dental Hygienists.................................................. 35          Fish and Wildlife Technicians ...............................32                Hunting and Fishing Guides................................. 56
Dental Laboratory Technicians............................. 60                   Fish Roe Technicians ...........................................31
Dentists................................................................. 38    Flight Attendants ...................................................55                                             I
Detectives and Investigators ................................ 64                Floor And Carpet Layers.......................................26               Industrial Designers.............................................. 16
Dietetic Technicians ............................................. 35           Floor Sanding Machine Operators........................25                      Industrial Electronics Repairers ........................... 43
Dietitians ............................................................... 37   Floral Designers....................................................15         Industrial Engineers.............................................. 13
Dispatchers........................................................... 51       Food Preparation Workers....................................33                 Industrial Machinery Mechanics........................... 41
Drafters ................................................................ 12    Food Processing Workers ....................................57                 Industrial Production Managers ........................... 49
Drywall Finishers .................................................. 27         Food Scientists .....................................................46        Instructional Coordinators .................................... 29
Drywall Installers................................................... 27        Food Service Worker Supervisors ........................33                     Insulation Installers............................................... 26
                                                                                Forensic Science Technician................................45                  Insurance Adjusters and Examiners .................... 21
                                                                                Foresters ...............................................................45    Insurance Agents ................................................. 66
                                     E                                          Forestry Technicians.............................................32
Economists ........................................................... 46                                                                                      Insurance Policy and Claims Clerks .................... 51
                                                                                Fork Lift Operators ................................................67         Insurance Underwriters ........................................ 21
Editors................................................................... 17   Freight Handlers ...................................................66
Education Administrators...................................... 48                                                                                              Interior Designers ................................................. 17
                                                                                Funeral Attendants................................................55           Interpreters and Translators................................. 17
Electric Motor Repairers ....................................... 43             Funeral Directors .................................................47
Electrical and Electronics Engineers.................... 13                                                                                                    Interviewing Clerks ............................................... 54
                                                                                Furniture Finishers ................................................57
Electrician Helpers................................................ 24
Electricians ........................................................... 27                                                                                                                         J
Elementary School Teachers ............................... 29
                                                                                                                    G                                          Janitor and Housekeeping Supervisors ............... 18
Elevator Installers and Repairers ......................... 27                  Gas and Oil Drillers...............................................25          Janitors ................................................................. 19
Embalmers............................................................ 56        Gas and Oil Plant Operators.................................58                 Jewelers ............................................................... 60
Emergency Medical Technicians.......................... 35                      Gem Cutters and Polishers...................................58                 Judges and Hearing Officers................................ 43
Employment Training Specialists ......................... 20                    General Construction Workers .............................24
Employment Interviewers ..................................... 19                General Office Clerks............................................51
                                                                                Geographers .........................................................45                                             K
Engineering Managers ......................................... 48                                                                                              Kitchen Helpers .................................................... 33
Engineering Technicians ...................................... 12               Geologists and Geophysicists ..............................45
                                                                                Glass Blowers .......................................................57        Kindergarten Teachers……………………………..30
Executive Secretaries........................................... 54
Explosives Workers .............................................. 24            Glaziers .................................................................27
                                                                                Government Benefits Interviewers........................54                                                          L
                                                                                Graphic Designers ................................................16           Landscape Architects ........................................... 13
                                     F                                                                                                                         Landscapers and Groundskeepers...................... 19
Farmers and Home Management Advisors ......... 29                                                                                                              Laundry and Dry Cleaning Workers ..................... 58
Farm and Ranch Workers .................................... 31
                                                                                                                    H
                                                                                Hairstylists and Cosmetologists............................56                  Law Clerks............................................................ 44
Farm Equipment Mechanics................................. 41                                                                                                   Lawyers ................................................................ 44
Farmers and Farm Managers............................... 47                     Handcrafters..........................................................14
                                                                                Hazardous Material Workers ................................25                  Legal Secretaries ................................................. 51
Fashion Designers................................................ 16                                                                                           Lens Grinders and Polishers................................ 58
Fast Food Cooks .................................................. 33           Health Information Technicians ............................35
                                                                                Health Services Administrators.............................49                  Librarians.............................................................. 30
Index of Occupational Titles (cont.)                                                                                                                                                                                                  6

Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers.......... 29                         Movie Projectionist................................................14          Pest Control Workers ........................................... 19
Library Technical Assistants................................. 29               Museum Technicians and Conservators .............30                            Petroleum Engineers............................................ 14
License Clerks ...................................................... 51       Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners............42                          Pharmacists.......................................................... 38
Licensed Practical Nurses.................................... 35               Musicians and Music Directors .............................17                  Pharmacy Technicians......................................... 35
Life Guards and Ski Patrollers.............................. 63                                                                                               Photograph Processing Workers ......................... 58
Light Truck Drivers ............................................... 67                                             N                                          Photographers...................................................... 16
Line Installers and Repairers................................ 42               Natural Science Managers ...................................49                 Physical Therapists .............................................. 38
Loan Clerks........................................................... 51      New Accounts Clerks............................................54              Physical Therapy Assistants ................................ 36
Loan Officers ........................................................ 21      News Reporters ....................................................17          Physician Assistants............................................. 36
Locksmiths............................................................ 42      Nuclear Engineers ................................................14           Physicians ............................................................ 39
Locomotive Engineers .......................................... 68             Nuclear Medicine Technologists...........................35                    Physicists.............................................................. 46
Log Graders and Scalers...................................... 32               Numerical Control Machine Operators .................60                        Pipelayers............................................................. 27
Loggers................................................................. 32    Nuclear Control Tool Programmers......................61                       Plasterers ............................................................. 28
                                                                               Nurse Anesthetists................................................38           Plumbers and Pipefitters ...................................... 28
                                    M                                          Nurse Practitioners ...............................................38          Podiatrists............................................................. 39
Machinists............................................................. 61     Nursery Workers ...................................................31          Police Patrol Officers............................................ 63
Maid and Housekeepers....................................... 19                Nursing Assistants ................................................34          Political Scientists................................................. 46
Mail Carriers ......................................................... 51                                                                                    Postal Clerks ........................................................ 52
Mail Clerks ............................................................ 52                                                                                   Postmasters and Mail Superintendents ............... 48
                                                                                                                   O                                          Potters .................................................................. 57
Management Analysts .......................................... 21              Occupational Health and Safety Specialists.........37
Manicurist ............................................................. 55                                                                                   Power Plant Operators ......................................... 61
                                                                               Occupational Therapists .......................................37              Precision Assemblers........................................... 58
Market Research Analysts.................................... 45                Occupational Therapy Assistants .........................36
Marketing Managers............................................. 49                                                                                            Prepress Workers................................................. 58
                                                                               Office Machine Repairers .....................................42               Preschool Teachers ............................................. 30
Massage Therapists ............................................. 56            Office Managers....................................................54
Material Moving Machine Operators .................... 68                                                                                                     Printing Press Operators...................................... 60
                                                                               Operating Engineers .............................................25            Private Detectives and Investigators.................... 64
Materials Engineers.............................................. 13           Operations Research Analysts .............................24
Mathematical Technician...................................... 23                                                                                              Probation Officers................................................. 22
                                                                               Opticians ...............................................................35    Producers and Directors ...................................... 18
Mathematicians .................................................... 24         Optometrists..........................................................38
Meat Cutters ......................................................... 60                                                                                     Production and Planning Clerks........................... 52
                                                                               Order Clerks..........................................................52       Production Helpers............................................... 57
Mechanic and Repairer Helpers........................... 39                    Orthotic and Prosthetic Specialists .......................37
Mechanical Engineers .......................................... 14                                                                                            Professional Athletes ........................................... 16
Medical Appliance Technician.............................. 61                                                                                                 Professional Makeup Artists................................. 56
Medical Assistants................................................ 35                                              P                                          Proofreaders......................................................... 52
Medical Equipment Repairers .............................. 42                  Packaging and Filling Machine Operators............58                          Property and Real Estate Managers .................... 48
Medical Laboratory Technicians........................... 37                   Packers and Packagers ........................................66               Psychiatric Aides .................................................. 34
Medical Scientists................................................. 46         Page Layout Workers ...........................................58              Psychiatric Technicians........................................ 36
Medical Secretaries .............................................. 52          Painters .................................................................28   Psychiatrists ......................................................... 39
Meeting and Convention Planners ....................... 21                     Painting and Coating Machine Operators.............58                          Psychologists ....................................................... 46
Merchandise Displayers ....................................... 15              Paralegals .............................................................43     Public Health Educators....................................... 22
Metal and Plastic Processing Workers................. 60                       Park Naturalists.....................................................44        Public Relations Specialists ................................. 18
Meteorologists ...................................................... 45       Parking Enforcement Officers...............................63                  Pump Operators ................................................... 67
Meter Readers ...................................................... 52        Parking Lot Attendants..........................................66             Purchasing Managers .......................................... 49
Millwrights ............................................................. 43   Parts Salespeople.................................................65
Mining Engineers.................................................. 14          Paving Equipment Operators................................26                                                       Q
Mining Machine Operators ................................... 25                Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks ...........................52                   Quality Control Inspectors .................................... 59
Models .................................................................. 14   Personal and Home Care Aides ...........................55
Motorboat Mechanics ........................................... 40             Personnel and Training Managers .......................49
                                                                               Personnel Clerks...................................................52
                                                                                                                                                                                                   R
Motorcycle Mechanics .......................................... 40                                                                                            Radiation Therapists ............................................ 36
Movie and Stage Grips ......................................... 69             Personnel Recruiters ............................................21
                                                                                                                                                              Radiologic Technologists ..................................... 36
Index of Occupational Titles (cont.)                                                                                                                                                                                                    7

Real Estate Agents............................................... 65            Social Workers......................................................22          Upholsterers ......................................................... 60
Receptionists ........................................................ 52       Sociologists...........................................................47       Urban and Regional Planners .............................. 47
Recreation Attendants .......................................... 54             Sound Engineering Technicians...........................18                      Ushers and Ticket Takers .................................... 55
Recreation Guides................................................ 55            Special Education Teachers .................................30
Recreation Workers.............................................. 55             Speech Pathologists .............................................39                                                  V
Recreational Therapists ....................................... 36              Stationary Engineers.............................................61             Vehicle Cleaners .................................................. 68
Registered Nurses................................................ 36            Statistical Clerks ...................................................53        Vehicle Painters ................................................... 59
Reservation and Ticket Agents ............................ 53                   Statisticians ...........................................................24     Veterinarians ........................................................ 39
Residential Counselors ........................................ 57              Stock Clerks ..........................................................53       Veterinary Assistants............................................ 37
Respiratory Therapists ......................................... 36             Storage and Transportation Managers.................49                          Village Public Safety Officer................................. 63
Restaurant Hosts.................................................. 33           Structural Metal Workers ......................................28
Restaurant Managers ........................................... 48              Subway and Streetcar Operators .........................67
Retail Salespeople................................................ 65           Surgeons...............................................................39                                           W
Riggers ................................................................. 42    Surgical Technologists..........................................37              Waiters and Waitresses ....................................... 34
Rock Splitters........................................................ 24       Surveying and Mapping Technicians....................12                         Wallpaper Hangers............................................... 28
Roof Bolters .......................................................... 25      Surveyors ..............................................................12      Watch Repairers................................................... 43
Roofers ................................................................. 28                                                                                    Water Treatment Plant Operators ........................ 61
Roustabouts.......................................................... 26                                                                                        Welders and Solderers......................................... 61
                                                                                                                     T                                          Welding and Soldering Machine Operators ......... 61
Route Salespeople ............................................... 67            Tailors ...................................................................59   Woodworking Machine Operators........................ 61
                                                                                Tank Car, Truck and Ship Loaders.......................68                       Writers .................................................................. 18
                                     S                                          Tax Examiners ......................................................21
Safety Engineers .................................................. 14          Tax Preparers .......................................................21                                              Z
Sales Managers.................................................... 48           Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs .................................68                 Zoologists ............................................................. 47
Sales Representatives.......................................... 65              Taxidermists..........................................................16
Sales Worker Supervisors .................................... 65                Teacher Aides.......................................................28
Sawing Machine Operators .................................. 59                  Technical Writers ..................................................18
School Bus Driver................................................. 67           Telephone Operators ............................................53
Science Technicians............................................. 44             Textile Machine Operators....................................59
Secretaries............................................................ 53      Tile Setters ............................................................28
Securities Salespeople ......................................... 66             Tire Building Machine Operators ..........................59
Security Guards .................................................... 63         Tire Repairers and Changers ...............................40
Semiconductor Processing Operators.................. 60                         Title Examiners and Searchers.............................43
Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 26                                Tool and Die Makers.............................................62
Service Station Attendants ................................... 66               Tool Grinders ........................................................60
Set and Exhibit Designers .................................... 18               Tour Guides ..........................................................56
Sewing Machine Operators .................................. 59                  Traffic Technicians................................................69
Sheet Metal Workers ............................................ 28             Train Conductors and Yardmasters......................68
Sheriffs.................................................................. 64   Train Crew Members ............................................68
Ship Captains and Mates ..................................... 67                Train Yard Workers...............................................68
Ship Engineers ..................................................... 69         Transportation Agents...........................................54
Ship Pilots............................................................. 67     Transportation Inspectors .....................................69
Shipping and Receiving Clerks ............................ 53                   Trappers................................................................31
Shoe and Leather Workers................................... 59                  Trash Collectors....................................................69
Short Order Cooks................................................ 33            Travel Agents........................................................65
Singers.................................................................. 16    Typists and Word Processors...............................53
Sketch Artists........................................................ 15
Small Engine Mechanics and Repairers .............. 42                                                               U
Social and Community Service Managers ........... 49                            Umpires and Referees ..........................................15
Social and Human Service Assistants ................ 22                         University and College Teachers..........................30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8



                                                                       Index of Occupations by Education
                                                                                  No Specific Educational Requirements
Agricultural Products Graders and Sorters........... 31                           Food Processing Workers .................................... 57                 Packers and Packagers........................................ 66
Agricultural Worker Supervisor............................. 31                    Freight Handlers ................................................... 66         Parking Lot Attendants ......................................... 66
Baggage Porters and Bellhops............................. 54                      Furniture Finishers................................................ 57          Potters................................................................... 57
Buspersons........................................................... 32          General Construction Workers ............................. 24                   Production Helpers ............................................... 57
Cabinetmakers...................................................... 57            Glass Blowers....................................................... 57         Psychiatric Aides .................................................. 34
Cannery Workers.................................................. 33              Handcrafters ......................................................... 14       Recreation Attendants .......................................... 54
Clothes Pressers .................................................. 57            Janitor and Housekeeping Supervisors................ 18                         Restaurant Hosts and Hostesses ......................... 33
Commercial Fishers.............................................. 31               Janitors ................................................................. 19   Rock Splitters........................................................ 24
Crossing Guards................................................... 62             Kitchen Helpers .................................................... 33         Roof Bolters .......................................................... 25
Deckhands............................................................ 66          Landscapers and Groundskeepers ...................... 19                        Service Station Attendants ................................... 66
Electrician Helpers................................................ 24            Maids and Housekeepers..................................... 19                  Social and Human Service Assistants.................. 22
Explosives Workers .............................................. 24              Mechanic and Repairer Helpers ........................... 39                    Trappers................................................................ 31
Fast Food Cooks .................................................. 33             Models .................................................................. 14    Trash Collectors.................................................... 69
Fish Roe Technicians ........................................... 31               Movie Projectionists.............................................. 14           Ushers and Ticket Takers..................................... 55
Food Preparation Workers ................................... 33                   Nursery Workers................................................... 31


                                                                                                           High School
Airplane Assemblers............................................. 57               Counter and Rental Clerk ..................................... 64               Highway Maintenance Workers............................ 25
Ambulance Drivers ............................................... 66              Couriers and Messengers .................................... 50                 Home Health Aides............................................... 34
Animal Caretakers ................................................ 55             Court Clerks.......................................................... 50       Hotel Desk Clerks ................................................. 51
Animal Control Workers........................................ 62                 Credit Analysts...................................................... 19        Insurance Policy and Claims Clerks ..................... 51
Announcers........................................................... 14          Credit Checkers and Authorizers.......................... 50                    Laundry and Dry Cleaning Workers ..................... 58
Aquaculture Workers ............................................ 31               Customer Service Representatives ...................... 50                      Legal Secretaries.................................................. 51
Automobile Glass Installers .................................. 39                 Data Entry Keyers................................................. 51           Lens Grinders and Polishers ................................ 58
Automatic Teller Machine Servicers..................... 40                        Demonstrators and Promoters ............................. 65                    Library Assistants ................................................. 29
Bailiffs ................................................................... 63   Dispatchers........................................................... 51       License Clerks ...................................................... 51
Bank Tellers.......................................................... 50         Farm and Ranch Workers .................................... 31                  Life Guards and Ski Patrollers.............................. 63
Bartenders ............................................................ 33        Fence Erectors ..................................................... 25         Light Truck Drivers................................................ 67
Bicycle Repairers.................................................. 40            File Clerks............................................................. 51     Loan Clerks........................................................... 51
Bill and Account Collectors................................... 50                 Fine Artists............................................................ 15     Loggers ................................................................. 32
Billing Clerks ......................................................... 50       Fire Fighters.......................................................... 63      Mail Carriers.......................................................... 51
Brokerage Clerks .................................................. 50            Flight Attendants................................................... 55         Mail Clerks ............................................................ 52
Building Maintenance Workers............................. 40                      Floor Sanding Machine Operators ....................... 25                      Manicurist.............................................................. 55
Bus Drivers ........................................................... 67        Floral Designers.................................................... 15         Medical Secretaries .............................................. 52
Cashiers ............................................................... 64       Food Service Worker Supervisors........................ 33                      Merchandise Displayers ....................................... 15
Casino Gaming Workers ...................................... 55                   Forklift Operators .................................................. 67        Meter Readers ...................................................... 52
Chemical Equipment Operators ........................... 58                       Funeral Attendants ............................................... 55           Mining Machine Operators.................................... 25
Childcare Workers ................................................ 55             Gas and Oil Drillers............................................... 25          Motorboat Mechanics ........................................... 40
Coaches and Sports Instructors ........................... 15                     Gas and Oil Plant Operators ................................ 58                 Motorcycle Mechanics .......................................... 40
Construction Helpers ............................................ 25              Gem Cutters and Polishers .................................. 58                 New Accounts Clerks............................................ 54
Copy Machine Operators...................................... 50                   General Office Clerks ........................................... 51            Nursing Assistants ................................................ 34
Corrections Officers.............................................. 63             Hazardous Material Workers ................................ 25                  Operating Engineers............................................. 25
Counter Attendants............................................... 33              Heavy Truck Drivers ............................................. 67            Order Clerks.......................................................... 52
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   9


Packaging and Filling Machine Operators............ 58                         Real Estate Agents ............................................... 65          Sketch Artists........................................................ 15
Page Layout Workers ........................................... 58             Receptionists ........................................................ 52      Statistical Clerks ................................................... 53
Painting and Coating Machine Operators ............ 58                         Recreation Guides ................................................ 55          Stock Clerks.......................................................... 53
Parking Enforcement Officers............................... 63                 Recreation Workers .............................................. 55           Subway and Streetcar Operators ......................... 67
Paving Equipment Operators ............................... 24                  Reservation and Ticket Agents............................. 53                  Tailors ................................................................... 59
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks........................... 52                   Retail Salespeople................................................ 65          Tank Car, Truck and Ship Loaders....................... 68
Personal and Home Care Aides........................... 55                     Roustabouts.......................................................... 26       Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs................................. 68
Personnel Clerks .................................................. 52         Route Salespeople ............................................... 67           Telephone Operators............................................ 53
Pest Control Workers ........................................... 19            Sawing Machine Operators .................................. 59                 Textile Machine Operators.................................... 59
Photograph Processing Workers.......................... 58                     School Bus Drivers ............................................... 67          Tire Building Machine Operators .......................... 59
Physical Therapy Assistants and Aides ............... 36                       Secretaries............................................................ 53     Tire Repairers and Changers ............................... 40
Police Patrol Officers ............................................ 63         Security Guards .................................................... 63        Tour Guides .......................................................... 56
Postal Clerks......................................................... 52      Septic Tank Servicers & Sewer Pipe Cleaners .... 26                            Train Conductors and Yardmasters...................... 68
Precision Assemblers ........................................... 58            Sewing Machine Operators .................................. 59                 Train Crew Members ............................................ 68
Prepress Workers ................................................. 58          Ship Captains and Mates ..................................... 67               Typists and Word Processors............................... 53
Production and Planning Clerks ........................... 52                  Ship Pilots............................................................. 67    Umpires and Referees.......................................... 15
Proofreaders ......................................................... 52      Shipping and Receiving Clerks............................. 53                  Vehicle Cleaners................................................... 68
Pump Operators ................................................... 67          Shoe and Leather Workers................................... 59                 Vehicle Painters.................................................... 59
Quality Control Inspectors .................................... 59             Short-order Cooks ................................................ 33          Waiters and Waitresses........................................ 34


                                                                                     One Year Beyond High School
Appliance Repairers ............................................. 40           Floor and Carpet Layers .......................................26              Photographers...................................................... 16
Automobile Mechanics ......................................... 40              Forestry Technicians.............................................32            Pipelayers............................................................. 27
Bakers................................................................... 59   Hairstylists and Cosmetologists............................56                  Plasterers ............................................................ 28
Barbers ................................................................. 56   Home Electronic Repairers ...................................41                Printing Press Operators ...................................... 60
Bookbinders and Bindery Workers....................... 59                      Insulation Installers ...............................................26        Professional Athletes............................................ 16
Bookkeeping and Accounting Clerks.................... 53                       Insurance Agents ..................................................66          Professional Makeup Artists................................. 56
Broadcast Technicians ......................................... 15             Interviewing Clerks................................................54          Riggers ................................................................. 42
Bulldozer and Grader Operators .......................... 26                   Licensed Practical Nurses ....................................34               Roofers ................................................................. 28
Bus and Truck Mechanics .................................... 41                Locksmiths ............................................................42      Sales Managers ................................................... 48
Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 41                                 Locomotive Engineers ..........................................68              Sales Representatives ......................................... 65
Camera Operators ................................................ 15           Log Graders and Scalers ......................................32               Semiconductor Processing Operators ................. 60
Cardiovascular Technologists .............................. 34                 Massage Therapists..............................................56             Small Engine Mechanics ...................................... 42
Chefs and Dinner Cooks ...................................... 33               Material Moving Machine Operators.....................68                       Surgical Technologists ......................................... 37
Coin and Vending Machine Repairers.................. 41                        Meat Cutters..........................................................60       Teacher Aides ...................................................... 28
Commercial Divers ............................................... 41           Medical Equipment Repairers...............................42                   Title Examiners and Searchers ............................ 43
Communication Equipment Mechanics ................ 41                          Medical Secretaries ..............................................52           Tool Grinders........................................................ 60
Community Health Aides/Practitioners................. 34                       Metal and Plastic Processing Workers .................60                       Train Yard Workers .............................................. 68
Computer Security Specialists.............................. 22                 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners............41                          Transportation Inspectors..................................... 69
Construction and Well Drillers .............................. 26               Numeric Control Machine Operators ....................60                       Travel Agents ....................................................... 65
Dental Assistants .................................................. 34        Office Machine Repairers .....................................42               Upholsterers ......................................................... 60
Dietetic Technician ............................................... 35         Office Managers....................................................54          Village Public Safety Officers ............................... 63
Emergency Medical Technicians.......................... 35                     Opticians ...............................................................35    Water Treatment Plant Operators ........................ 61
Farm Equipment Mechanics................................. 41                   Painters .................................................................28   Welding and Soldering Machine Operators ......... 61
Farmers and Farm Managers............................... 47                    Parts Salespeople.................................................65           Woodworking Machine Operators........................ 61
Fish and Game Wardens...................................... 64                 Pharmacy Technicians..........................................35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   10


                                                                                     Two Years Beyond High School
Actors.................................................................... 15   Elevator Installers and Repairers ......................... 27                 Occupational Therapy Assistants ......................... 36
Adult and Vocational Education Teachers ........... 29                          Embalmers............................................................ 56       Paralegals ............................................................. 43
Air Traffic Controllers............................................ 69          Employee Training Specialists ............................. 20                 Physician Assistants ............................................. 36
Aircraft Mechanics ................................................ 42          Engineering Technicians ...................................... 12              Plumbers and Pipefitters....................................... 28
Alternative Medical Practitioners .......................... 35                 Executive Secretaries........................................... 54            Postmasters and Mail Superintendents................ 48
Animal Breeders ................................................... 32          Fashion Designers................................................ 16           Power Plant Operators ......................................... 61
Animal Trainers..................................................... 56         Fire Inspectors ...................................................... 63      Psychiatric Technicians ........................................ 36
Appraisers and Assessors.................................... 19                 Fire Investigators .................................................. 64       Radiation Therapists............................................. 36
Athletic Trainers.................................................... 37        Fish and Wildlife Technicians ............................... 32               Radiologic Technologists...................................... 36
Auto Body Repairers ............................................ 40             Funeral Directors .................................................. 47        Registered Nurses ................................................ 36
Boilermaker........................................................... 27       Glaziers................................................................. 27   Respiratory Therapists.......................................... 36
Bricklayers and Stonemasons .............................. 27                   Health Information Technicians ............................ 35                 Restaurant Managers .......................................... 48
Carpenters ............................................................ 27      Heating and Cooling System Mechanics.............. 41                          Sales Worker Supervisors .................................... 65
Cement Masons.................................................... 26            Heavy Equipment Mechanics ............................... 43                   Science Technicians............................................. 44
Chemical Plant Operators .................................... 61                Hotel and Motel Managers ................................... 47                Sheet Metal Workers ............................................ 28
Computer and Information System Managers...... 47                               Hunting and Fishing Guides ................................. 56                Sheriffs.................................................................. 64
Computer Equipment Repairers ........................... 41                     Industrial Designers .............................................. 16         Ship Engineers ..................................................... 67
Computer Operators............................................. 53              Industrial Electronics Repairers............................ 43                Singers.................................................................. 16
Computer Support Specialists .............................. 23                  Industrial Machinery Mechanics ........................... 41                  Stationary Engineers ............................................ 61
Construction and Building Inspectors................... 26                      Interior Designers ................................................. 17        Surveying Technicians.......................................... 12
Construction Managers ........................................ 46               Jewelers................................................................ 60    Surveyors.............................................................. 12
Cost Estimators .................................................... 20         Library Technical Assistants................................. 29               Taxidermists.......................................................... 16
Dancers ................................................................ 15     Line Installers and Repairers................................ 42               Tile Setters............................................................ 28
Data Communications Analyst ............................. 23                    Machinists............................................................. 61     Tool and Die Makers............................................. 62
Dental Hygienists.................................................. 35          Mathematical Technicians .................................... 23               Transportation Agents .......................................... 54
Dental Laboratory Technicians............................. 60                   Medical Appliance Technicians ............................ 61                  Veterinary Assistants ............................................ 37
Detectives and Investigators ................................ 64                Medical Assistants ................................................ 35         Wallpaper Hangers ............................................... 28
Drafters ................................................................ 12    Medical Laboratory Workers................................. 37                 Watch Repairers ................................................... 43
Drywall Finishers .................................................. 27         Millwrights ............................................................. 43   Welders................................................................. 61
Drywall Installers................................................... 27        Musicians.............................................................. 17
Electric Motor Repairers ....................................... 43             Nuclear Medicine Technologists........................... 35
Electricians ........................................................... 27     Numeric Control Tool Programmers..................... 61


                                                                                    Four Years Beyond High School
Accountants and Auditors..................................... 20                Art Directors.......................................................... 17     Compliance Officers and Inspectors..................... 20
Actuaries............................................................... 23     Audio-Visual Specialists ....................................... 29            Computer Engineers............................................. 23
Administrative Services Managers ....................... 48                     Biologists .............................................................. 45   Computer Programmers ....................................... 23
Advertising Managers........................................... 48              Blue Collar Worker Supervisor ............................. 62                 Computer System Analysts .................................. 23
Advertising Salespeople ....................................... 65              Budget Analysts.................................................... 20         Costume and Wardrobe Specialists ..................... 56
Aerospace Engineers ........................................... 12              Business Executives and Managers .................... 48                       Counselors............................................................ 22
Agents and Business Managers........................... 20                      Buyers and Purchasing Agents ............................ 20                   Crane and Tower Operators................................. 69
Agricultural Engineers .......................................... 13            Cartographers and Photogrammetrists ................ 13                        Database Administrators ...................................... 24
Agricultural Inspectors .......................................... 32           Cartoonists and Animators ................................... 17               Dietitians ............................................................... 37
Agricultural Scientists ........................................... 44          Chemical Engineers.............................................. 13            Economists ........................................................... 46
Airplane Pilots....................................................... 69       Chemists............................................................... 45     Editors................................................................... 17
Animal Scientists .................................................. 44         Choreographers.................................................... 17          Electrical Engineers .............................................. 13
Architects ............................................................. 13     City Planning Aides............................................... 45          Elementary School Teachers ............................... 29
Archivists and Curators ........................................ 30             Civil Engineers...................................................... 13       Employment Interviewers ..................................... 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11


Engineering Managers ......................................... 48                Marketing Managers ............................................. 49            Producers and Directors ....................................... 18
Farm and Home Management Advisors............... 29                              Materials Engineers .............................................. 13          Property and Real Estate Managers .................... 48
Film and Video Editors ......................................... 17              Mathematicians..................................................... 24         Public Health Educators ....................................... 22
Financial Analysts................................................. 20           Mechanical Engineers .......................................... 14             Public Relations Specialists.................................. 18
Financial Counselors ............................................ 20             Medical Scientists ................................................. 46        Purchasing Managers........................................... 49
Financial Managers .............................................. 48             Meeting and Convention Planners ....................... 21                     Recreational Therapists........................................ 36
Forensic Science Technicians.............................. 45                    Meteorologists ...................................................... 45       Residential Counselors......................................... 57
Foresters............................................................... 45      Mining Engineers .................................................. 14         Safety Engineers .................................................. 14
Geologists............................................................. 45       Movie and Stage Grips ......................................... 69             Securities Salespeople ......................................... 66
Government Benefits Interviewers ....................... 54                      Museum Technicians and Conservators .............. 30                          Set and Exhibit Designers .................................... 18
Graphic Designers ................................................ 16            Natural Sciences Managers ................................. 49                 Social and Community Service Managers ........... 49
Health Services Administrators ............................ 49                   News Reporters .................................................... 17         Social Workers...................................................... 22
High School Teachers .......................................... 29               Nuclear Engineers ................................................ 14          Sound Engineering Technicians........................... 18
Hoist and Winch Operators .................................. 69                  Occupational Health and Safety Specialists......... 37                         Special Education Teachers................................. 30
Industrial Engineers.............................................. 13            Occupational Therapists....................................... 37              Statisticians........................................................... 24
Industrial Production Managers............................ 49                    Orthotic and Prosthetic Specialists....................... 37                  Storage and Transportation Managers................. 49
Instructional Coordinators..................................... 29               Park Naturalists .................................................... 44       Tax Examiners...................................................... 21
Insurance Adjusters and Examiners..................... 21                        Personnel and Training Managers ....................... 49                     Tax Preparers ....................................................... 21
Insurance Underwriters ........................................ 21               Personnel Recruiters ............................................ 21           Technical Writers .................................................. 18
Interpreters and Translators ................................. 17                Petroleum Engineers ............................................ 14            Traffic Technicians................................................ 69
Landscape Architects ........................................... 13              Physical Therapists............................................... 38          Urban and Regional Planners .............................. 47
Loan Officers ........................................................ 21        Preschool Teachers.............................................. 30            Writers .................................................................. 18
Management Analysts .......................................... 21                Private Detectives and Investigators .................... 64
Market Research Analysts.................................... 45                  Probation Officers ................................................. 22


                                                                                More than Four Years Post High School
Anesthesiologists.................................................. 38           Geographers......................................................... 45        Physicians............................................................. 39
Anthropologists ..................................................... 46         Health Services Administrators ............................ 49                 Physicists .............................................................. 46
Archeologists ........................................................ 46        Historians.............................................................. 46    Podiatrists ............................................................. 39
Astronomers ......................................................... 46         Judges .................................................................. 43   Political Scientists ................................................. 46
Chiropractors ........................................................ 38        Law Clerks ............................................................ 44     Psychiatrists.......................................................... 39
Clergy ................................................................... 22    Lawyers................................................................. 44    Psychologists........................................................ 46
College and University Administrators ................. 49                       Librarians .............................................................. 30   Sociologists........................................................... 47
Composers and Music Arrangers......................... 18                        Nurse Anesthetists................................................ 38          Speech Pathologists and Audiologists ................. 39
Coroners ............................................................... 64      Nurse Practitioners ............................................... 38         Surgeons............................................................... 39
Dentists................................................................. 38     Operations Research Analysts ............................. 24                  University and College Teachers.......................... 30
Education Administrators...................................... 48                Optometrists ......................................................... 38      Veterinarians......................................................... 39
Food Scientists ..................................................... 46         Pharmacists .......................................................... 38      Zoologists.............................................................. 47
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                            12
                                                                Alaska Employment                    Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                          Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.


Architecture and Engineering Occupations
                                                                   Two Years Beyond High School
Drafters Drafters make detailed drawings of objects that will   Architectural & Civil Drafters:      Employers prefer drafters who have training from a junior college, university, or
be manufactured or built.                                       Opportunity average                  technical institute. Employers are starting to prefer drafters whose skills have
                                                                235 employed                         been certified by a reliable industry source.
                                                                $3,510
                                                                Electrical & Electronics Drafters:   OOH p. 98, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos111.htm
                                                                Opportunity below average
                                                                70 employed
                                                                $3,865
                                                                Mechanical Drafters:
                                                                Opportunity below average
                                                                85 employed
                                                                $3,820
Engineering Technicians Engineering technicians design,         Civil Engineering Technicians:       Employers look for engineering technicians who have at least a two-year
test, and assess products to improve them.                      Opportunity above average            degree in engineering technology. Employers rarely require applicants to be
                                                                335 employed                         certified.
                                                                $4,500
                                                                Electrical Engineering               OOH p. 100, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos112.htm
                                                                Technicians:
                                                                Opportunity average
                                                                415 employed
                                                                $4,980
                                                                Environmental Engineering
                                                                Technicians:
                                                                Opportunity above average
                                                                60 employed
                                                                $3,550


Surveying and Mapping Technicians Surveying and                 Opportunity above average
mapping technicians help surveyors measure and map land.                                             For surveying technicians, technological changes have made formal training
                                                                295 employed
Surveying technicians are part of a team, called a survey                                            more important for entering this field. Many employers prefer at least a two-
                                                                $3,470                               year associate degree in surveying.
party.
                                                                                                     OOH p. 95, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos040.htm
Surveyors Surveyors measure and map land, air space, and        Opportunity above average            Most employers require some college course work in surveying. As technology
water boundaries.                                               445 employed                         advances, more employers prefer a four-year degree in surveying or a related
                                                                $4,625                               field.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 95, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos040.htm

                                                                  Four Years Beyond High School
Aerospace Engineers Aerospace engineers design,                 Opportunity data not available       For entry-level jobs, most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a
construct, and test aircraft and spacecraft. This includes      Employment data not available        bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering. When employers are having
missiles and rockets.                                           Earnings data not available          difficulty hiring, they may hire engineers who have been trained in other areas.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 106, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos028.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                          13
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Agricultural Engineers Agricultural engineers design or           Opportunity data not available   Minimum employers require a bachelor's degree in engineering although
improve farm equipment and products.                              Employment data not available    most positions require at least a master's or doctorate degree.
                                                                  Earnings data not available
                                                                                                   OOH p. 107, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos261.htm
Architects Architects plan and design all types of buildings      Opportunity below average        Most employers require that applicants have at least a bachelor's degree in
and structures. Architects take part in every phase of a          415 employed                     architecture. Some employers require an architect's license. To get an
building project.                                                 $6,155                           architect's license, people must have a degree, complete an internship, and
                                                                                                   pass an exam.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 90, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos038.htm
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists Cartographers and             Opportunity average              Employers look for cartographers and photogrammetrists who have earned a
photogrammetrists    make     maps     of   different areas.      150 employed                     bachelor's degree in geography, engineering, forestry, or another physical
Cartographers gather information about places.                    $3,905                           science. They look for workers who know how to use computers and mapping
                                                                                                   software.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 95, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos040.htm
Chemical Engineers Chemical engineers solve problems that         Opportunity data not available   For entry-level jobs, most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a
involve using or making chemicals. Engineers use chemistry        25 employed                      bachelor's degree in chemical engineering. When employers are having
and engineering to create better ways of doing things.            $6,160                           difficulty finding employees, they may hire engineers who have been trained in
                                                                                                   other areas.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 108, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos029.htm
Civil Engineers Civil engineers plan and design roads,            Opportunity above average        A bachelor's degree in civil engineering is usually required for entry-level jobs.
buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water systems.   850 employed                     College graduates with a degree in math or a physical science may be able to
They may also supervise the construction.                         $6,200                           qualify for some entry-level jobs.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 109, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos030.htm
Electrical and Electronics Engineers Electrical and               Electrical Engineers:            Employers look for electrical and electronics engineers who have at least a
electronics engineers design, develop, test, and maintain         Opportunity below average        bachelor's degree. They look for engineers who are licensed. They also look
electrical and electronic equipment.                              250 employed                     for employees who have strong problem-solving skills.
                                                                  $6,810
                                                                  Electronics Engineers:           OOH p. 110, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos031.htm
                                                                  Opportunity below average
                                                                  150 employed
                                                                  $6,025
Industrial Engineers Industrial engineers design systems for      Opportunity average              For entry-level jobs, most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a
producing goods. They try to use people and machines              85 employed                      bachelor's degree in industrial engineering. Employers may require a master's
efficiently.                                                      $6,355                           degree or higher for research and consulting jobs.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 112, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos032.htm
Landscape Architects Landscape architects design and plan         Opportunity average              Most employers prefer to hire landscape architects that are licensed. However,
outdoor areas for use and beauty. Landscape architects            110 employed                     landscape architects can work without a license if they are working on smaller
design outdoor areas. They decide what kind of plants,            $4,360                           projects that do not involve public health or safety.
walkways, and other items to include.
                                                                                                   OOH p. 92, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos039.htm
Materials Engineers Materials engineers find ways to make         Opportunity average              For entry-level jobs, most employers require applicants to have at least a
materials that are useful. Materials engineers work with          45 employed                      bachelor's degree in materials engineering. Employers may require a master's
metals, ceramics, plastics, semiconductors, and combinations      $5,870                           degree or higher for research, consulting, and managerial jobs.
of materials to create new materials.
                                                                                                   OOH p. 113, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos034.htm
                                                                     Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        14
                                                                     Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                             Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Mechanical Engineers Mechanical engineers oversee the                Opportunity average              For entry-level jobs, most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a
design, construction, and testing of mechanical products and         340 employed                     bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering. Employers may require a
systems.                                                             $6,280                           master's degree or higher for research, consulting, and managerial jobs.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 114, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos033.htm
Mining Engineers Mining engineers locate coal, metals, and           Opportunity average              For entry-level jobs, most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a
minerals.   They design methods for removing these                   30 employed                      bachelor's degree in mining engineering. Employers may require a master's
substances.                                                          $5,460                           degree or higher for research and consulting jobs.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 115, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos035.htm
Nuclear Engineers Nuclear engineers design and operate               Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire nuclear engineers who have kept up with the latest
nuclear power plants. They also conduct research on nuclear          Employment data not available    advances in the field. They also look for people who are detail-oriented and
energy.                                                              Earnings data not available      analytical. Oral and written communication skills are also important.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 116, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos036.htm
Petroleum Engineers Petroleum engineers plan and                     Opportunity above average        For entry-level jobs, most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a
supervise the drilling of new oil wells. They also supervise well    440 employed                     bachelor's degree in petroleum engineering. Employers may require some
operation and maintenance.                                           Earnings data not available      field or technician experience.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 117, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos037.htm
Safety Engineers Safety engineers look for ways to prevent           Opportunity average              A few states require safety engineers to be licensed. Most employers in these
accidents in the workplace.                                          50 employed                      states require engineers to have their license.
                                                                     $7,520
                                                                                                      OOH p. 112, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos032.htm


Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports and Media Occupations
                                                                    No Specific Educational Requirements
Handcrafters Handcrafters create by hand a wide range of             Opportunity data not available   Since most are self-employed, there are no standard hiring practices. Most
artistic and practical items for sale.                               Employment data not available    handcrafters in Alaska are self taught, or have learned by working with more
                                                                     Earnings data not available      experienced craft people. Many Native handcrafters learn skills from family
                                                                                                      members or tribal elders.

Models Models pose for photos, paintings or sculptures, or           Opportunity data not available   Modeling is a very competitive field. Personality plays an important role in
live audiences.                                                      Employment data not available    being hired and in future success. Models must be professional, polite, and on
                                                                     Earnings data not available      time for auditions or bookings.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 356, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos253.htm
Movie Projectionists Movie projectionists set up and operate         Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire people who have taken some courses or have
projectors, lights, and sound equipment to show films to             40 employed                      experience using sound and visual equipment. However, they do hire and train
audiences.                                                           $1,535                           people with no experience.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                                     High School
Announcers Announcers entertain and inform audiences                 Opportunity average              Announcing is a very competitive occupation. Competition for entry-level jobs
on radio, TV, or in person at public events.                         220 employed                     is very intense. Announcers should have a pleasant and well-controlled voice.
                                                                     $2,645
                                                                                                      OOH p. 133, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos087.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                            15
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Coaches and Sports Instructors Coaches and sports                Opportunity average              Schools often draw first from teachers when looking for a coach. Many school
instructors teach and motivate players in individual and         185 employed                     coaches are also teachers. Experience is also important. In this field,
team sports.                                                     $2,185                           experience counts more than education.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 126, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos251.htm
Floral Designers Floral designers cut and arrange live, dried,   Opportunity average              Employers look for trainees who have a flair for color and a desire to learn.
and artificial flowers and plants.                               245 employed                     Most employers require applicants to have at least a high school diploma or
                                                                 $1,670                           GED.
                                                                                                  OOH p. 120, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos090.htm
Merchandise Displayers Merchandise displayers plan and           Opportunity above average        Creativity is important in all design occupations. Employers look for
build displays in windows, retail stores, and at trade shows.    125 employed                     merchandise displayers who have an eye for color and detail, and a sense of
                                                                 $2,540                           beauty and proportion. Sketching skills are helpful for many jobs.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 120, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos090.htm
Sketch Artists Sketch artists draw pictures of people based      Opportunity average              Some employers hire sketch artists from among their current staff, regardless
on witnesses' descriptions.                                      Employment data not available    of art training. Drawing or sculpting skills are not a priority for all employers.
                                                                 Earnings data not available
                                                                                                  OOH p. 131, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos092.htm
Umpires and Referees Umpires and referees observe players        Opportunity below average        Employers look for umpires and referees who have experience. They prefer
and regulate the play of sports events.                          240 employed                     those who have formal training. However, employers also hire those who have
                                                                 Earnings data not available      experience officiating at high school or league games.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 126, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos251.htm

                                                                     One Year Beyond High School
Actors Actors portray characters in front of live audiences,     Opportunity data not available   Employers look for actors with proven acting ability. Auditions, or tryouts, are
cameras, or both.                                                Employment data not available    usually held to fill roles. Formal training is important, but employers prefer
                                                                 Earnings data not available      actors with talent and experience.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 124, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos093.htm
Broadcast Technicians Broadcast technicians record or            Opportunity average              Employers require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED. They
broadcast radio and television programs. Most broadcast          50 employed                      look for applicants who pay attention to details and enjoy working with
technicians work for radio and TV studios.                       $3,235                           electronics.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 135, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos109.htm
Camera Operators Camera operators use motion picture,            Opportunity average              Employers usually seek camera operators with a "good eye" and artistic ability.
TV, or video cameras to film a wide range of subjects.           50 employed                      Imagination, creativity, and good eyesight are also important. Formal
                                                                 $1,905                           education may be required for many positions.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 144, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos091.htm
Dancers Dancers express ideas, stories, and rhythm by            Opportunity data not available   Hiring is by audition. Physical characteristics, such as long legs, or height
moving their bodies with music.                                  Employment data not available    similar to other dancers, may be required for some parts.
                                                                 Earnings data not available
                                                                                                  OOH p. 129, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos094.htm
Fine Artists    Fine artists create works of art to              Opportunity data not available   Employers often review an artist's portfolio as part of the interview process. A
communicate ideas, thoughts, or feelings.                        Employment data not available    portfolio is a collection of the artist's best work. It may include sketches and
                                                                 Earnings data not available      photographs of completed work.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 118, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos092.htm
                                                              Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                         16
                                                              Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                      Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Photographers Photographers produce images that paint a       Opportunity average              Employers usually seek applicants with a "good eye." They also look for good
picture, tell a story, or record an event.                    135 employed                     technical knowledge of photography. Many employers prefer applicants with
                                                              $2,470                           college training and some experience. In addition, experience with computer
                                                                                               programs to alter photo images will be increasingly required.

                                                                                               OOH p. 139, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos264.htm
Singers Singers perform songs on stage and in recording       Opportunity average              Employers seek particular types or styles of performers. Employers often look
studios.                                                      55 employed                      for performers who are talented and known. Successful singers often rely on
                                                              $2,455                           agents or managers to find them jobs and develop their careers.

                                                                                               OOH p. 131, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos095.htm

                                                                 Two Years Beyond High School
Fashion Designers Fashion designers design clothes and        Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer applicants who have two- or four-year degrees in fashion
accessories for manufacture and sale to the public.           Employment data not available    design. They also prefer applicants who are familiar with fabrics and textiles.
                                                              Earning data not available       In addition, employers prefer applicants who can demonstrate artistic talent.

                                                                                               OOH p. 120, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos090.htm
Graphic Designers Graphic designers create designs using      Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire graphic designers who have excellent portfolios. They
print, electronic, and film media.                            255 employed                     want to see work that demonstrates the talent and skills they require for the
                                                              $2,680                           job. Employers also prefer applicants with strong computer skills.

                                                                                               OOH p. 120, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos090.htm
Industrial Designers Industrial designers develop a wide      Opportunity data not available   Creativity is important in all design occupations. Employers look for designers
variety of manufactured products.                             Employment data not available    who have an eye for color and detail, and a sense of beauty and proportion.
                                                              Earnings data not available      Sketching skills are helpful for many jobs.

                                                                                               OOH p. 120, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos090.htm
Professional Athletes Professional athletes compete in        Opportunity data not available   Professional athletes are hired based on their ability and skills. Perseverance,
athletic events as members of a team or as individuals.       Employment data not available    drive, and dedication to the sport are additional qualities that employers look
                                                              Earnings data not available      for. Reputation and the ability to attract spectators or fans are also important.

                                                                                               OOH p. 126, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos251.htm
Taxidermist Taxidermists create lifelike models of animals,   Opportunity data not available   Most are self-employed. Skills are generally learned through correspondence
birds, and fish.                                              93 licensed                      study or from other experienced and skilled workers. License required.
                                                              Earnings data not available
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                      17
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.


                                                                     Four Years Beyond High School
Art Directors Art directors are in charge of workers who          Opportunity average              This is not an entry-level occupation. Employers prefer applicants who have
produce artwork for magazines, ads, or products.                  55 employed                      many years of experience. Education is usually less important to employers
                                                                  Earnings data not available      than an applicant's skills and creativity. However, many employers look for
                                                                                                   applicants who have a bachelor's or master's degree.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 118, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos092.htm
Cartoonists and Animators Cartoonists and animators use           Opportunity average              Employers look for people who are creative and have a good sense of humor.
images to express ideas. Cartoonists create images for            190 employed                     They also look for people who are flexible and able to take suggestions well.
various formats, including films, newspaper editorials, and       Earnings data not available      Employers also look for people who can meet deadlines.
comic strips.
                                                                                                   OOH p. 118, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos092.htm
Choreographers Choreographers create dance routines               Opportunity data not available   Most employers require choreographers to have years of dance experience.
and teach them to dancers.                                        Employment data not available    Employers often hire choreographers based on their reputation or dance skills.
                                                                  Earnings data not available      Employers also look for choreographers who are able to motivate dancers.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 129, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos094.htm
Editors Editors select and prepare written material for           Opportunity average              Employers usually require that editors have at least a bachelor's degree.
newspapers, magazines, and books.                                 155 employed                     Experience is also very important. Volunteer experience or internships can be
                                                                  $3,105                           helpful.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 145, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos089.htm
Film and Video Editors Film and video editors use editing         Opportunity data not available   Film and video editors get hired mainly on the basis of their reputation.
equipment to remove uninteresting parts of a film or video.       Employment data not available    Employers look for film and video editors who understand film. They also look
They reassemble the best parts so that the film is entertaining   Earnings data not available      for editors who are open to others' suggestions.
or interesting.
                                                                                                   OOH p. 144, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos091.htm
Interior Designers Interior designers plan and design             Opportunity above average        Employers and clients usually prefer applicants who have a bachelor's degree
spaces and furnish interiors.                                     80 employed                      in art or interior design. However, having a degree is not as important as
                                                                  $3,540                           creating designs that clients like.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 120, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos090.htm
Interpreters and Translators Interpreters and translators         Opportunity average              Employers prefer applicants who are fluent in more than one language. They
convert spoken or written words from one language into            70 employed                      often prefer applicants who have college degrees. Employers of court
another.                                                          $3,325                           interpreters often prefer those who are certified.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 596, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Musicians and Music Directors Musicians and music                 Opportunity average              Employers seek particular types or styles of performers. Employers often look
directors perform music on stage and in recording studios.        Employment data not available    for performers who are talented and known. Successful musicians often rely
                                                                  $2,455                           on agents or managers to find them jobs and develop their careers.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 131, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos095.htm
News Reporters News reporters write and report news               Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor's degree in journalism.
stories for newspaper, radio, or television.                      265 employed                     Some hire college graduates with other majors. Employers look for applicants
                                                                  $2,660                           with experience on school newspapers or at radio or television stations.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 137, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos088.htm
                                                                     Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                      18
                                                                     Alaska Employment               Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                             Average Pay                     Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Producers and Directors Producers select plays or scripts,           Opportunity average             Employers look for producers and directors who have talent and experience.
arrange financing, and make other production decisions.              130 employed                    Producers and directors can gain experience in local and regional theater.
Directors interpret plays or scripts by directing the work of the    $2,725                          Program directors can build a reputation at small radio or TV stations.
cast and crew.
                                                                                                     OOH p. , or 124Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos093.htm
Public Relations Specialists Public relations specialists            Opportunity average             Most employers require specialists to have at least a bachelor's degree. Many
help build a positive public image for organizations.                255 employed                    employers prefer applicants who majored in public relations, advertising, or
                                                                     $3,975                          communications. Some firms seek graduates who have worked in journalism.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 141, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos086.htm
Set and Exhibit Designers Set designers determine what              Opportunity data not available   Creativity is important in all design occupations. Employers look for designers
furnishings are needed to represent a time period. Exhibit          Employment data not available    who have an eye for color and detail. Sketching skills are helpful for many
designers create displays to give information.                      Earnings data not available      jobs. A good portfolio is often the deciding factor in getting a job.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 120, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos090.htm
Sound Engineering Technicians Sound engineering                     Opportunity data not available   In the motion picture industry, employers hire beginning technicians as
technicians use console boards to record, copy, and edit music      Employment data not available    assistants. They prefer to hire assistants who have experience as sound
and voice.                                                          Earnings data not available      technicians. Experience may be from internships or volunteer work.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 135, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos109.htm
Technical Writers Technical writers put scientific or                Opportunity average              Most employers prefer to hire technical writers who have at least a bachelor's
technical information into language that is easy for others to       50 employed                     degree. They also prefer writers with knowledge of the appropriate technical
understand.                                                          Earnings data not available     field.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 145, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos089.htm
Writers Writers use words to express thoughts and interpret          Opportunity limited             Most employers prefer to hire writers who have at least a bachelor's degree.
information.                                                         260 employed                    Some employers prefer applicants who majored in English, communications, or
                                                                     $3,940                          journalism.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 145, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos089.htm

                                                                        More than Four Years Post High
Composers and Music Arrangers Composers and music                    Opportunity average             Most composers and music arrangers are self-employed. They produce work
arrangers create and arrange music for films, television             Employment data not available   in a studio and try to sell pieces to music publishers or recording companies.
shows, and concerts.                                                 Earnings data not available
                                                                                                     OOH p. 131, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos095.htm


Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations

                                                                    No Specific Educational Requirements
Janitor and Housekeeping Supervisors Janitor and                     Opportunity above average       Employers look for dependable, hard-working people who are in good health.
housekeeper supervisors oversee the work of cleaning                 380 employed                    Employers also prefer applicants who follow directions well and get along with
staff.                                                               $2,765                          other people. Experience doing the job they will supervise is important.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 300, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                   Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                    19
                                                                   Alaska Employment             Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                           Average Pay                   Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Janitors Janitors keep buildings clean and in good condition.       Opportunity excellent        Employers prefer to hire janitors who are able to follow instructions and do
                                                                    5,750 employed               simple math. Many janitors work alone so they must be able to complete tasks
                                                                    $1,925                       on their own.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 300, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos174.htm
Landscapers and Groundskeepers Landscapers and                      Opportunity above average    Employers prefer applicants who have a good driving record. Experience
groundskeepers plant and take care of flowers, lawns, shrubs,       1,050 employed               driving a truck is also helpful. Some employers require applicants to have a
and trees.                                                          $1,955                       high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 302, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos172.htm
Maids and Housekeepers Maids and housekeepers clean                Opportunity excellent         Employers prefer to hire maids and housekeepers who are able to follow
rooms at hotels, motels, and hospitals.                             2,765 employed               instructions and do simple math. Many maids and housekeepers work alone,
                                                                    $1,690                       so they must be able to complete tasks on their own.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 300, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos174.htm


                                                                                   High School
Pest Control Workers Pest control workers use chemicals            Opportunity average           Employers prefer to hire applicants who have good communication and people
and other methods to destroy or repel bugs and rodents.            40 employed                   skills. In addition, most pest control companies require their employees to
                                                                   $2,515                        have a good driving record.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 304, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos254.htm



Business and Financial Occupations
                                                                                   High School
Credit Analysts Credit analysts evaluate requests for credit       Opportunity average           Most employers require that applicants have a bachelor's degree.
and loans. They prepare reports about whether the company          65 employed
should lend money to loan applicants.                              $3,900
                                                                                                 OOH p. 594, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                       One Year Beyond High School
Appraisers and Assessors Appraisers and assessors                  Opportunity average           Employers require real estate appraisers to have a license. Employers look for
estimate the value of items such as buildings, art, or antiques.   210 employed                  applicants who have experience in the real estate field. For other appraisal
                                                                   $4,650                        areas, employers look for applicants who have experience in that field.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 594, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Employment Interviewers Employment interviewers help job           Opportunity average           Employers often prefer to hire college graduates. Work experience can
seekers find jobs. They also help employers find qualified         125 employed                  sometimes be substituted for college education.
employees.                                                         $3,270
                                                                                                 OOH p. 60, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos021.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        20
                                                                Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.


                                                                   Two Years Beyond High School
Buyers and Purchasing Agents Buyers and purchasing              Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire applicants who know their company and its products.
agents try to buy the best products at the lowest possible      530 employed                     They also look for people who know how wholesale and retail markets work.
prices.                                                         $4,160
                                                                                                 OOH p. 80, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos023.htm
Compliance Officers and Inspectors Compliance officers          Opportunity average              Most employers require work experience and a bachelor's degree. Some
and inspectors enforce rules that protect the public.           670 employed                     federal government inspector jobs require that applicants pass the Professional
                                                                $4,075                           and Administrative Career Exam (PACE).

                                                                                                 OOH p. 594, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Employee Training Specialists Employee training specialists     Opportunity average              Employers usually seek college graduates to fill entry-level jobs in personnel.
plan and organize instructional activities.                     370 employed                     Many employers prefer applicants with a degree in human resources or
                                                                $3,520                           personnel administration.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 60, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos021.htm


                                                                  Four Years Beyond High School
Accountants and Auditors Accountants and auditors               Opportunity excellent            Most employers require at least a bachelor's degree in accounting or a related
assemble, analyze, and check the accuracy of financial          1,795 employed                   field. Some employers prefer applicants who have a master's degree in
information.                                                    $4,240                           accounting, or business administration with an emphasis in accounting.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 21, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos001.htm
Agents and Business Managers Agents and business                Opportunity data not available   Many employers look for applicants who have a college degree. Some
managers advise writers, performers, and athletes on business   Employment data not available    employers prefer that the degree be in an area related to the type of clients the
details.                                                        Earnings data not available      firm represents.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 594, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Budget Analysts Budget analysts help prepare and manage         Opportunity below average        Most employers require a bachelor’s degree. Some require a degree in a field
budgets.                                                        260 employed                     related to the employer's industry. Some firms prefer employees who have a
                                                                $4,740                           background in business. Employers prefer candidates with computer skills.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 29, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos003.htm
Cost Estimators Cost estimators calculate how much time         Opportunity above average        Requirements vary with the employer and project. During times of labor
and money it will take to complete projects.                    315 employed                     shortages, trades workers can enter construction estimating by having training
                                                                $4,585                           on the job.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 40, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos006.htm
Financial Analysts Financial analysts collect, analyze, and     Opportunity average              For entry-level jobs, employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor's
interpret financial information.                                200 employed                     degree. They may require a master's degree for more advanced jobs.
                                                                $5,400
                                                                                                 OOH p. 50, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos259.htm
Financial Counselors Financial counselors explain funding       Opportunity below average        Employers of financial aid counselors require counselors to have at least a
options to students or teach money management skills to         130 employed                     bachelor's degree. They look for previous experience in a financial aid office.
clients.                                                        $2,930                           They look for experience advising students and assessing financial need.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 152, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                 21
                                                                  Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Insurance Adjusters and Examiners Insurance adjusters             Opportunity average         In general, employers prefer to hire adjusters and examiners who have a
and examiners decide how much to pay on insurance claims.         125 employed                bachelor's degree. No specific college major is required. However, courses in
                                                                  $3,795                      insurance, economics, accounting, and business are helpful.

                                                                                              OOH p. 32, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos125.htm
Insurance Underwriters Insurance underwriters compute the         Opportunity average         Most large insurance companies prefer college graduates. They prefer those
risk of loss, set premium rates, and write policies that cover    120 employed                who have a degree in business administration or finance, and courses in
that loss.                                                        $4,215                      accounting. They also prefer applicants who have knowledge of computers.

                                                                                              OOH p. 66, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos026.htm
Loan Officers Loan officers evaluate applicants' financial        Opportunity above average   Employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor's degree. They look for
backgrounds. They decide whether applicants will receive          435 employed                applicants who have studied economics, finance, accounting, or business
loans.                                                            $4,940                      administration. Many banks promote their own workers to loan officers.

                                                                                              OOH p. 68, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos018.htm
Management Analysts Management analysts study problems            Opportunity above average   Educational requirements vary by employer. Employers in private industry
in organizations. They offer solutions and may help apply their   650 employed                prefer to hire analysts who have a master’s degree in business administration
ideas.                                                            $4,805                      (MBA). They also prefer applicants who have several years of experience.

                                                                                              OOH p. 72, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos019.htm
Meeting and Convention Planners Meeting and convention            Opportunity above average   Employers look for people who have experience planning successful events.
planners organize events for groups of people.                    45 employed                 They also look for workers who are flexible, detail-oriented, and organized.
                                                                  $2,915                      Good communication skills are very important.

                                                                                              OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Personnel Recruiters Personnel recruiters search for and          Opportunity average         Most employers fill entry-level personnel recruiter positions with college
screen promising job applicants.                                  185 employed                graduates. Many employers prefer applicants who have majored in human
                                                                  $3,270                      resources, personnel administration, or industrial relations.

                                                                                              OOH p. 60, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos021.htm
Tax Examiners Tax examiners determine the amount of taxes         Opportunity below average   Employers prefer applicants with a bachelor's degree. Many also seek people
owed.                                                             125 employed                who have had special training in a government agency on tax law and
                                                                  $5,075                      procedures.

                                                                                              OOH p. 83, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos260.htm
Tax Preparers Tax preparers interview clients, review tax         Opportunity average         Employers may prefer to hire tax preparers who have training in accounting.
records, and fill out tax returns.                                140 employed                Employers may also prefer applicants with a bachelor's degree. Some
                                                                  $2,495                      employers prefer to hire applicants who are enrolled agents with the IRS.

                                                                                              OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                              Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                    22
                                                              Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                      Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.


Community and Social Service Occupations
                                                             No Specific Educational Requirements
Social and Human Service Assistants Social and human          Opportunity excellent       Most employers require applicants to have some education beyond high
service assistants help clients get social services.          1,125 employed              school. Work experience may also be required. Sometimes summer job or
                                                              $2,380                      volunteer positions lead to permanent work.

                                                                                          OOH p. 158, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos059.htm

                                                                Four Years Beyond High School
Probation Officers Probation officers help legal offenders    Opportunity above average   Employers generally require probation officers to have a bachelor’s degree.
adjust to life in the community.                              410 employed                Preferred areas of study are behavioral sciences, psychology, sociology,
                                                              $3,695                      criminal justice, or a related field.

                                                                                          OOH p. 156, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos265.htm
Public Health Educators Public health educators plan,         Opportunity above average   Employers may prefer to hire public health educators with specific backgrounds
direct, and carry out health education programs.              190 employed                or degrees. For example, a public health department may prefer to hire a
                                                              $2,720                      nurse with a specialty in community health.

                                                                                          OOH p. 596, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Social Workers Social workers help people solve social,       Opportunity above average   Employers usually require a bachelor's or master's degree. Most employers
financial, and health problems.                               765 employed                will accept a bachelor's degree in any area of social science. However, when a
                                                              $3,075                      master's degree is required, it usually must be in social work (MSW).

                                                                                          OOH p. 160, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos060.htm

                                                                 More than Four Years Post High
Clergy Clergy provide spiritual leadership.                   Opportunity above average   Hiring practices for clergy vary greatly. Some religious groups require their
                                                              910 employed                leaders to have a degree in theology. Other groups do not require formal
                                                              $2,510                      training.

                                                                                          OOH p. 149,150, or 151, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos250.htm
Counselors Counselors help students and adults learn about    Opportunity excellent       Most employers require a master's degree in counseling, education, or a
career choices and find jobs. They counsel students about     515 employed                related field. All states require school counselors to be certified as counselors.
personal problems.                                            $3,045                      Some schools require counselors to have a teaching license.

                                                                                          OOH p. 152, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos067.htm


Computer and Math Occupations

                                                                  One Year Beyond High School
Computer Security Specialists Computer security               Opportunity average         Most employers prefer security specialists who have formal college training.
specialists set up plans to protect companies’ information    410 employed                Many employers also require a bachelor's degree; however, some may require
and technology from outsiders.                                $4,365                      only an associate's degree. Most employers require related work experience.

                                                                                          OOH p. 171, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos268.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                          23
                                                                Alaska Employment                  Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                        Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.



                                                                   Two Years Beyond High School
Computer Support Specialists Computer support                   Opportunity above average          Most employers prefer specialists who have at least two years of training after
specialists help people solve problems with their computer      885 employed                       high school. A growing number of employers prefer specialists who have a
hardware and software.                                          $3,640                             four-year degree. Experience and skills, however, can substitute for formal
                                                                                                   training.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 171, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos268.htm
Data Communications Analysts Data communications                Opportunity above average          Most employers prefer applicants with a college education. Many employers
analysts design, test, and evaluate network systems.            170 employed                       require a bachelor's degree. However, some jobs may require only a two-year
                                                                $5,110                             degree.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 180, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Mathematical Technicians Mathematical technicians apply         Opportunity data not available     Most employers prefer applicants who have at least an associate degree in
math formulas and methods to research problems.                 Employment data not available      math or a related subject. Some prefer applicants who have a bachelor’s
                                                                Earnings data not available        degree. In addition, employers often prefer applicants who have internship
                                                                                                   experience.

                                                                                                   Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                  Four Years Beyond High School
Actuaries Actuaries use math and statistics to calculate the    Opportunity data not available     Most employers require at least a bachelor’s degree in actuarial science or a
odds that an event will happen. They design insurance           Employment data not available      related field. Many require a master’s or higher. Some employers require
programs and pension plans.                                     Earnings data not available        more than five years of experience.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 163, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos041.htm
Computer Engineers Computer engineers design and test           Applications Software Engineers:   Employers require computer engineers to have at least a bachelor's degree.
computer hardware and software.                                 Opportunity average                Some employers prefer applicants with experience or a master's degree.
                                                                150 employed                       Employers usually require a degree in computer engineering, electrical
                                                                $4,820                             engineering, computer science, or math.
                                                                Systems Software Engineers:
                                                                Opportunity average                OOH p. 169, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos267.htm
                                                                65 employed
                                                                $5,620

Computer Programmers Computer programmers write and             Opportunity average                Required skills vary by employer. Some employers use computers for
test the instructions that computers follow to perform tasks.   545 employed                       scientific or engineering applications. They often prefer college graduates with
                                                                $4,860                             degrees in computer science, math, engineering, or the physical sciences.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 166, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos110.htm
Computer Systems Analysts Computer systems analysts             Opportunity above average          Employers prefer applicants who have at least a bachelor’s degree. They
improve existing computer systems. They also plan and           785 employed                       generally prefer candidates with a computer-related degree. However,
develop new systems.                                            $5,740                             applicants with other majors and computer experience are also hired.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 180, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos042.htm
Database Administrators Database administrators create          Opportunity average                Employers prefer applicants who have knowledge of and experience with
and maintain computer database systems.                         130 employed                       computer systems. Many employers look for applicants who have a bachelor's
                                                                $4,650                             degree in computer science or information science.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 180, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos042.htm
                                                                     Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                           24
                                                                     Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
   Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

   Statisticians Statisticians apply their knowledge of math to      Opportunity below average        Many employers, especially in research, prefer to hire applicants with a Ph.D.
   the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.             40 employed                      or at least a master's degree. Entry-level positions for statisticians with only a
                                                                     $5,305                           bachelor's degree are available with the federal government.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 178, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos045.htm

                                                                        More than Four Years Post High
   Mathematicians Mathematicians study and research                  Opportunity data not available   Most employers prefer to hire mathematicians who have a doctorate (Ph.D.).
   numbers. They create new theories and try to solve                Employment data not available    For entry-level jobs, the federal government hires applicants who have a
   problems with those theories.                                     Earnings data not available      bachelor's degree in math.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 174, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos043.htm
   Operations Research Analysts Operations research                  Opportunity average              Employers strongly prefer to hire people with a master's degree. Degrees in
   analysts help organizations solve problems. They use              115 employed                     both operations research and computer science are especially desirable.
   mathematical models to help make decisions.                       $3,970                           Employers prefer workers who can think logically and who have good
                                                                                                      communication skills.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 176, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos044.htm


Construction and Extraction Occupations

                                                                    No Specific Educational Requirements
   Electrician Helpers Electrician helpers assist electricians as    Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire helpers who have a high school diploma or GED.
   they install and maintain electrical systems.                     125 employed                     They prefer applicants who are trained in or experienced with electrical
                                                                     Earnings data not available      equipment, systems, and codes.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 600, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
   Explosives Workers Explosives workers use explosive               Opportunity above average        Employers prefer to hire experienced explosives workers. Explosives workers
   devices to demolish rock or structures.                           40 employed                      often start in other mining occupations and gain experience on the job.
                                                                     $3,905
                                                                                                      OOH p. 600, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
   General Construction Workers General construction workers         Opportunity excellent            Many employers require that general construction workers have a high school
   carry out semi-skilled tasks in many areas of construction.       3,025 employed                   diploma or GED. Most also require workers to be at least 18 years old.
                                                                     $3,440                           Employers may require applicants to pass a physical exam.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 449, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos248.htm
   Rock Splitters Rock splitters use jackhammers and other          Opportunity data not available    Most employers require rock splitters to have a high school diploma or GED.
   tools to cut pieces of rock away from larger masses.             Employment data not available     They look for applicants who are physically able to do the job.
                                                                    Earnings data not available
                                                                                                      Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
   Roof Bolters Roof bolters operate machines that install roof     Opportunity data not available    Most employers require rock splitters to have a high school diploma or GED.
   support bolts in underground mines.                              Employment data not available     They look for applicants who are physically able to do the job.
                                                                    Earnings data not available
                                                                                                      Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                                      High School
                                                                   Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        25
                                                                   Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                           Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Construction     Helpers    Construction       helpers    assist   Carpenters Helpers:              Many employers require a high school diploma or GED. Most require helpers
experienced trades workers with less skilled tasks.                Opportunity above average        to be at least 18 years old. Employers may require that applicants pass a
                                                                   170 employed                     physical exam.
                                                                   $2,485
                                                                                                    OOH p. 600-604, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Fence Erectors Fence erectors build and repair metal and           Opportunity data not available   Many employers require that fence erectors have a high school diploma or
wooden fences and gates.                                           Employment data not available    GED. Most require workers to be at least 18 years old. Employers may
                                                                   Earnings data not available      require that applicants pass a physical exam.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 600, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Floor Sanding Machine Operators Floor sanding machine              Opportunity data not available   When hiring beginning machine operators, many employers prefer applicants
operators sand wood floors to finish them.                         Employment data not available    who have a high school diploma or GED. In addition, employers look for
                                                                   Earnings data not available      applicants who are in good physical condition and are good with their hands.


                                                                                                    OOH p. 439, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos203.htm
Gas and Oil Drillers Gas and oil drillers operate the               Opportunity average             Employers often hire entry-level helpers who do not have previous experience.
equipment that is used to drill for gas and oil.                    60 employed                     They look for applicants who are physically fit and can pass a physical exam.
                                                                    $2,490                          Some companies give aptitude tests, or screen applicants for drug use.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 600, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Hazardous Material Workers Hazardous materials workers              Opportunity excellent           Employers require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
remove and dispose of harmful materials.                            305 employed                    Employers may also require hazardous material workers to be in good physical
                                                                    $4,980                          shape.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 458, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos256.htm
Highway Maintenance Workers Highway maintenance                     Opportunity below average       Most employers require maintenance workers to have at least a high school
workers make basic repairs to highways and rural roads.             250 employed                    diploma or GED. Employers look for applicants who are physically able to do
                                                                    $4,085                          the job.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 601, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Mining Machine Operators Mining machine operators control          Opportunity above average        Employers prefer to hire recent graduates of high school vocational programs
machines that extract coal, ore, stone, and sand from mines or     65 employed                      in mining. They also look for graduates of junior college or technical programs
quarries.                                                          Earnings data not available      in mine technology.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Operating Engineers Operating engineers use machinery to           Opportunity excellent            Employers look for mechanical aptitude and coordination of eyes, hands and
move construction materials.                                       2,455 employed                   feet. Operating engineers must be healthy and strong.
                                                                   $4,500
                                                                                                    OOH p. 447, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos255.htm
Paving Equipment Operators Paving equipment operators              Opportunity average              Employers usually prefer to hire people who have a high school diploma or
use machines to apply asphalt and concrete to roads.               155 employed                     GED. However, some employers may train people with less education.
                                                                   $3,180
                                                                                                    OOH p. 447, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos255.htm
Roustabouts Roustabouts do general maintenance and Opportunity above average                        Employers usually require roustabouts to have a high school diploma or GED.
construction work at oil fields.                   670 employed                                     They look for applicants who are physically fit and can pass a physical exam.
                                                                   $3,050                           Some companies give aptitude tests or screen applicants for drug use.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 601, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                   Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                    26
                                                                   Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                           Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners Septic tank          Opportunity above average   Employers prefer to hire applicants with mechanical aptitude. Any related
servicers and sewer pipe cleaners clean and repair septic          55 employed                 experience would also be helpful. Many employers require that applicants
tanks, sewer lines, and drains.                                    $2,755                      have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                               OOH p. 601, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                       One Year Beyond High School
Bulldozer and Grader Operators Bulldozer and grader                Opportunity excellent       Employers prefer to hire operators who have a high school diploma or GED.
operators drive equipment to remove or spread earth and rock.      2,455 employed              They also prefer workers who have experience operating farm or heavy
                                                                   $4,500                      equipment.

                                                                                               OOH p. 447, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Cement Masons Cement masons place and finish the                   Opportunity average         When hiring helpers or apprentices, employers prefer applicants who have a
concrete for many types of construction jobs.                      285 employed                high school diploma or GED. They prefer applicants who are at least 18 years
                                                                   $4,550                      old and in good physical condition.

                                                                                               OOH p. 442, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos204.htm
Construction and Building Inspectors Construction and              Opportunity average         Employers prefer to hire inspectors who have formal training and experience.
building inspectors inspect new or remodeled structures.           185 employed                Most require at least a high school diploma or GED. More often, employers
                                                                   $4,615                      look for applicants who have studied engineering, architecture, or construction
                                                                                               technology.

                                                                                               OOH p. 444, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos004.htm
Construction and Well Drillers Construction and well drillers      Opportunity above average   Employers prefer to hire construction and well drillers who have a high school
use equipment to drill holes in the earth to take samples or to    135 employed                diploma or a GED. If the job requires driving a truck, employers look for drillers
insert pipes.                                                      $3,700                      who have a driver's license.

                                                                                               OOH p. 600, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Floor and Carpet Layers Floor and carpet layers install            Opportunity average         Employers prefer to hire helpers or apprentices who are 18 years old. They
carpet, linoleum, and other floor coverings in homes or            230 employed                should also have good manual dexterity and be in good physical condition.
buildings.                                                         $3,740                      Many employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                               OOH p. 439, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos203.htm
Insulation Installers Insulation installers put in the materials   Opportunity above average   For entry jobs, employers prefer high school graduates who are in good
used to insulate buildings and equipment.                          305 employed                physical shape. A driver's license is often required.
                                                                   $4,205
                                                                                               OOH p. 461, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos208.htm
Pipelayers Pipelayers lay various kinds of pipe for sewers,        Opportunity average         Employers prefer to hire applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
drains, water mains, or oil or gas lines.                          45 employed                 Some employers require applicants to take a drug-screening test. Employers
                                                                   $4,775                      also look for applicants who are physically able to do the work.

                                                                                               OOH p. 464, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos211.htm

                                                                      Two Years Beyond High School
Boilermakers Boilermakers build, install, and repair boilers.      Opportunity below average   Employers prefer to hire helpers who are high school or vocational school
They also work on other large containers that hold liquids and     35 employed                 graduates. They also prefer employees who have been trained or are
gases.                                                             $4,155                      experienced in handling and using tools.

                                                                                               OOH p. 434, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos221.htm
                                                                   Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                       27
                                                                   Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                           Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Bricklayers and Stonemasons Bricklayers and stonemasons            Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire helpers or apprentices who have taken courses in
build walls and structures using bricks, stones, and mortar.       255 employed                     general math, mechanical drawing, and shop. A high school diploma or GED
                                                                   $5,605                           is usually preferred.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 435, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos201.htm
Carpenters Carpenters cut, fit, and assemble wood and other        Opportunity excellent            Employers prefer applicants who have carpentry experience. This experience
materials to construct buildings.                                  4,760 employed                   can be from an apprenticeship, the military, or Job Corps. Many employers
                                                                   $3,905                           prefer applicants who have at least a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 437, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos202.htm
Drywall Finishers Drywall finishers cover the joints between       Opportunity data not available   Employers usually require drywall finishers to have a high school diploma or
drywall panels using tape and cement.                              Employment data not available    GED. Employers prefer applicants who have completed apprenticeships.
                                                                   $4,455                           However, many employers are willing to hire helpers and train them to become
                                                                                                    finishers.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 451, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos205.htm
Drywall Installers Drywall installers attach drywall panels to     Opportunity average              Employers usually require drywall installers to have a high school diploma or
the inside walls of houses and other buildings.                    115 employed                     GED. Employers prefer applicants who have completed apprenticeships.
                                                                   $5,220                           However, many employers are willing to hire helpers and train them to become
                                                                                                    installers.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 451, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos205.htm
Electricians Electricians install, test, and maintain electrical   Opportunity excellent            Most employers prefer to hire electricians who have been through a formal
systems.                                                           2,035 employed                   apprenticeship program. However, some employers will hire helpers and train
                                                                   $4,350                           them to be electricians.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 452, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos206.htm
Elevator Installers and Repairers Elevator installers and          Opportunity data not available   Most elevator installers and repairers apply for jobs through a local of the
repairers assemble and maintain elevators.                         Employment data not available    International Union of Elevator Constructors. Although most elevator installers
                                                                   Earnings data not available      belong to a union, employers do not require union membership.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 455, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos189.htm
Glaziers Glaziers install windows and mirrors in homes and         Opportunity average              Employers look for applicants who are at least 17 years old. They look for
other buildings. They may install new glass or repair broken       160 employed                     applicants who are in good physical shape and have good manual dexterity. A
panes.                                                             $4,330                           high school diploma or GED is preferred.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 457, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos207.htm
Painters Painters apply paint, stain, varnish, and other           Opportunity above average        Apprentices or helpers generally must be at least 16 years old and in good
finishes to buildings and other structures.                        960 employed                     physical shape. A high school education or GED is usually required to enter an
                                                                   $3,525                           apprenticeship program.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 462, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos209.htm
Plasterers Plasterers prepare and apply coats of plaster or        Opportunity average              For apprenticeships, employers require applicants to be at least 17 years old.
stucco to walls and other building surfaces.                       35 employed                      They may also require a high school diploma or GED.
                                                                   $3,625
                                                                                                    OOH p. 467, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos210.htm
                                                                       Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                         28
                                                                       Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                               Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Plumbers and Pipefitters Plumbers and pipefitters install and          Opportunity excellent            Employers prefer applicants who have plumbing experience. This experience
repair pipe systems that carry water, steam, air, or other fluids      1,525 employed                   can be from an apprenticeship or the military. Many employers prefer
or gases.                                                              $4,525                           applicants who have at least a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                        OOH p. 464, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos211.htm
Roofers Roofers apply shingles and other materials to the              Opportunity above average        Employers prefer applicants who have roofing experience. This experience
roofs of buildings.                                                    405 employed                     can be from an apprenticeship, the military, or Job Corps. Many employers
                                                                       $3,635                           prefer applicants who have at least a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                        OOH p. 469, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos212.htm
Sheet Metal Workers Sheet metal workers make and install               Opportunity above average        Applicants for jobs as apprentices or helpers should be in good physical
metal building parts and products.                                     500 employed                     condition. They should also have mechanical and math aptitude.
                                                                       $4,480
                                                                                                        OOH p. 470, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos214.htm
Structural Metal Workers Structural metal workers make and             Opportunity average              Metal workers must be at least 18 years old. Many employers prefer to hire
install steel frameworks used in buildings and other structures.       255 employed                     applicants who have a high school diploma or GED. Some local
                                                                       $4,655                           apprenticeship committees may require a high school diploma.

                                                                                                        OOH p. 472, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos215.htm
Tile Setters Tile setters apply tile to floors, walls, ceilings, and   Opportunity average              When hiring apprentices or helpers, employers often prefer high school
countertops.                                                           Employment data not available    graduates. They prefer applicants who have had courses in general math,
                                                                       Earnings data not available      mechanical drawing, and shop.

                                                                                                        OOH p. 439, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos203.htm
Wallpaper Hangers Wallpaper hangers apply wall coverings               Opportunity data not available   Wallpaper hanger apprentices must be at least 16 years old and in good
to decorate and protect walls.                                         Employment data not available    physical condition. Apprentices usually must have a high school diploma or
                                                                       Earnings data not available      GED.

                                                                                                        OOH p. 462, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos209.htm


Education, Training, and Library Occupations

                                                                           One Year Beyond High School
Teacher Aides Teacher aides provide teaching and clerical              Opportunity above average        Employers look for applicants with a high school diploma or GED when
support for classroom teachers.                                        3,980 employed                   hiring teacher aides who do clerical work. Aides who work in the
                                                                       $2,275                           classroom may be required to have completed college courses or have an
                                                                                                        associate's degree.

                                                                                                        OOH p. 192, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos153.htm

                                                                          Two Years Beyond High School
Adult and Vocational Education Teachers               Adult and        Opportunity below average        Employers almost always require that applicants be licensed, certified, or
vocational education teachers teach basic education, self-             85 employed                      registered in the occupational areas that they teach. They also require
improvement courses, or occupational training skills.                  $3,070                           experience and skills in the field being taught.

                                                                                                        OOH p. 194, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos064.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                    29
                                                                Alaska Employment             Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                   Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers Library               Opportunity above average     Most employers require at least a high school diploma or GED. Bookmobile
assistants and bookmobile drivers organize and lend library     375 employed                  drivers must have a driver's license and a good driving record.
materials.                                                      $2,520
                                                                                              OOH p. 404, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos147.htm
Library Technical Assistants Library technical assistants       Opportunity average           Employers require library technical assistants to have at least a high school
help librarians order, prepare, and organize materials.         310 employed                  diploma or GED. Some employers require applicants to have training in library
                                                                $2,740                        technology.

                                                                                              OOH p. 190, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos113.htm


                                                                   Four Years Beyond High School
Audio-Visual Specialists Audio-visual specialists plan and      Opportunity average           Employers may prefer applicants with teaching or education backgrounds.
prepare audio-visual teaching aids.                             90 employed                   Some may prefer applicants with experience in advanced technology in
                                                                $2,385                        education.

                                                                                              OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Elementary School Teachers Elementary school teachers           Opportunity above average     Public schools require that teachers have a degree in education and a teaching
work in public and private schools. They instruct children in   3,645 employed                license. Employers look for teachers who have patience and high standards of
grades one through six.                                         $4,030                        personal conduct.

                                                                                              OOH p. 200, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos069.htm
Farm and Home Management Advisors Farm and home                 Opportunity below average     Most employers require a bachelor's degree in an agriculture, plant science, or
management advisors teach people how to manage their            40 employed                   related field. Employers prefer applicants who have experience in the field,
farms and homes.                                                Earnings data not available   such as college internship programs.

                                                                                              OOH p. 152, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos176.htm
High School Teachers High school teachers teach specific        Opportunity above average     Employers look for high school teachers who are licensed. They also look for
subjects to students who are between 14 and 18 years old.       1,705 employed                high school teachers who are confident and knowledgeable in their subject.
                                                                $4,070                        High school teachers should be able to deal with many different kinds of
                                                                                              personalities and age groups.

                                                                                              OOH p. 200, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos069.htm
Instructional Coordinators Instructional coordinators help      Opportunity above average     Employers require that instructional coordinators have a bachelor's degree.
teachers and others plan and carry out educational programs.    610 employed                  Many employers require a master's degree and teaching experience.
                                                                $3,770
                                                                                              OOH p. 187, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos269.htm




                                                                   More than Four Years Post High
Archivists and Curators Archivists and curators protect         Opportunity average           Employers prefer to hire people who have a master's or doctoral (Ph.D.)
items of historic, cultural, and artistic value. They study,    140 employed                  degree. They also prefer to hire people who have museum experience.
catalog, preserve, and display documents and artifacts.         $2,950
                                                                                              OOH p. 184, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos065.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     30
                                                                  Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Librarians Librarians organize materials in libraries and help    Opportunity average         Requirements vary by employer. Most employers require applicants to have at
people locate them.                                               445 employed                least a Master of Library Science (MLS) degree. However, many smaller
                                                                  $4,075                      public libraries will hire librarians who do not have a library science degree.

                                                                                              OOH p. 188, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos068.htm
Museum       Technicians      and    Conservators       Museum     Opportunity average        When hiring conservators, employers look for a master's degree in
technicians and conservators care for, preserve, and treat        140 employed                conservation or in a closely related field. They also look for experience.
artifacts and works of art. They also document their findings.    $2,950
                                                                                              OOH p. 184, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos065.htm
Preschool Teachers Preschool teachers introduce children          Opportunity average         Employers look for teachers who have good communication skills and can
to numbers, language, science, and social studies. They           835 employed                inspire trust and confidence. They prefer teachers who can motivate students
use games, music, artwork, films, books, computers, and           $1,880                      and understand their educational and emotional needs.
other tools to teach basic skills.
                                                                                              OOH p. 200, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos069.htm
Kindergarten Teachers Kindergarten teachers help children         Opportunity below average   Employers look for teachers who can interact with, motivate and encourage
explore their interests and develop their talents. They help      310 employed                students. Employers look for teachers who continually update their skills.
children build self-esteem and learn how to behave with           $3,735                      They look for teachers who can establish a rapport with a diverse student
others.                                                                                       population.

                                                                                              OOH p. 200, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos069.htm
Special Education Teachers, Preschool and Elementary              Opportunity above average   Employers seek preschool and elementary special education teachers who can
Pre-school and elementary special education teachers work         230 employed                provide a playing and hands-on teaching style, while also recognizing the
with young children who have a variety of disabilities.           $4,185                      different needs of the children.
Teachers must work with children’s behavioral and academic
development.
                                                                                              OOH p. 203, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos070.htm
Special Education Teachers, Middle School Middle school           Opportunity average         Employers look for special education teachers who are patient, creative, and
special education teachers instruct students, using the           605 employed                able to motivate students. They must also be understanding of special needs
general education curriculum, or modifying it, to meet the        $4,225                      and accepting of differences in others.
child's individual needs.
                                                                                              OOH p. 203, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos070.htm
Special Education Teachers, Secondary Secondary special           Opportunity above average   Special education teachers plan and instruct. They develop an appropriate
education teachers provide various techniques to aid in           325 employed                program geared toward each student's ability. Preparing special education
educating children with disabilities. Techniques include          $4,200                      students for daily life after graduation is an important characteristic of the
individualized instruction, problem-solving assignments,                                      job.
and small group work.
                                                                                              OOH p. 203, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos070.htm
University and College Teachers University and college            Opportunity average         Employers look for applicants who have excellent teaching skills. They also
teachers teach classes, conduct research, and write papers.       1,375 employed              look for excellent research and writing skills. Universities evaluate the quality
                                                                  Earnings vary by subject    of published articles when hiring teachers.

                                                                                              OOH p. 197, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos066.htm




Farming, Fishing and Forestry Occupations

                                                                 No Specific Educational Requirements
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                         31
                                                                Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Agricultural Products Graders and Sorters Agricultural          Opportunity below average        Employers look for product graders and sorters who are quick and accurate in
product graders and sorters examine products such as fruits,    75 employed                      their work. They look for people who have a good eye for detail.
vegetables, and textiles. They assign items to quality levels   $1,525
before they are sold to the public.
                                                                                                 OOH p. 426, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos285.htm
Agricultural Worker Supervisors           Agricultural worker   Opportunity above average        Employers look for agricultural worker supervisors who have the ability to
supervisors hire and supervise workers who tend and harvest     25 employed                      motivate workers. They also look for supervisors with experience and
crops, animals, ornamental plants, and trees.                   Earnings data not available      knowledge of the work.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Commercial Fishers Commercial fishers catch ocean fish and      Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer workers who have experience. They require workers to
other marine life using nets, hooks, and traps.                 13,476 licensed fishers          have skills in net mending, rope and cable splicing, cooking, welding, and
                                                                Earnings data not available      repairing.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 428, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos177.htm
Fish Roe Technicians Fish roe technicians sort, grade, and      Opportunity data not available   Experience in seafood processing required. Must have knowledge and
pack fish eggs, called roe. Fish roe technicians examine        180 employed                     skill in culling, grading, preserving, and packaging fish roe in order to
the roe for unacceptable conditions.                            $1,480                           maintain the highest quality, uniformity, and market acceptance.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 516, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Nursery Workers Nursery workers grow, transplant, and care      Opportunity average              Most employers require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
for plants and trees for sale.                                  85 employed                      Some employers require applicants to have a driver's license. Employers
                                                                $1,835                           prefer to hire applicants who have knowledge about caring for plants.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 426, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos285.htm
Trappers Trappers catch animals that live in the wild.          Opportunity data not available   All trappers are self-employed. Knowledge of the area, wildlife, trapping
Trappers use baited or scented traps, snares, cages, or nets.   30,040 trappers licensed         equipment, and cold weather survival skills are important.
                                                                Earnings data not available
                                                                                                 Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm


                                                                                 High School
Aquaculture Workers Most aquaculture workers work in            Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer workers with a high school diploma or a GED. Those who
shore-based hatcheries to produce fish and shellfish for        Employment data not available    want to become fish culturists or hatchery managers should have college
commercial and noncommercial purposes.                          Earnings data not available      training.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 47, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Farm and Ranch Workers Farm and ranch workers help              Opportunity average              Most employers prefer to hire people who have experience taking care of
raise crops and livestock for market.                           85 employed                      animals. They prefer to hire farm and ranch workers who are in good physical
                                                                $1,835                           condition.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 426, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos285.htm
Loggers Loggers work in teams to build and repair roads,        Opportunity below average        Most employers require workers to have a high school diploma or GED,
clear brush, cut and buck trees, and move logs to mills and     190 employed                     mechanical aptitude, and coordination. Employers may prefer applicants who
shipyards.                                                      $3,355                           are certified.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 430, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos178.htm

                                                                    One Year Beyond High School
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        32
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Log Graders and Scalers Log graders and scalers estimate          Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire experienced graders and scalers. They look for those
the market value of logs.                                         Employment data not available    who are certified to estimate volume for several species and can use several
                                                                  Earnings data not available      methods.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 430, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos178.htm

                                                                     Two Years Beyond High School
Animal Breeders Animal breeders select and breed livestock        Opportunity data not available   Entry requirements vary by employer. Commercial livestock breeding firms
and pets.                                                         Employment data not available    require at least a high school diploma or GED. Some firms prefer applicants
                                                                  Earnings data not available      who have some post-high school training.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 216, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos046.htm
Fish and Wildlife Technicians Fish and wildlife technicians       Opportunity below average        Most applicants are required to have at least a two-year degree in fisheries or
help with the breeding, rearing, protection, and study of fish    360 employed                     wildlife technology, or have experience that provides comparable knowledge,
and wildlife.                                                     $1,835                           skills, and abilities.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 426, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Forestry Technicians Forestry technicians help develop and        Opportunity below average        Many employers prefer applicants who have an associate's degree in forest
protect forests.                                                  230 employed                     technology or a related field. Summer work experience in a park, forest, or
                                                                  $2,840                           nursery may also be helpful.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 236, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos115.htm

                                                                    Four Years Beyond High School
Agricultural Inspectors Agricultural inspectors determine if      Opportunity data not available   Many employers, including the federal government, require a bachelor's degree
farmers and food processors are using safe methods to care        Employment data not available    for some positions. Many jobs require at least four years of experience in the
for livestock and to process food.                                Earnings data not available      field.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 426, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos285.htm


Food Preparation and Service Occupations

                                                                 No Specific Educational Requirements
Buspersons Buspersons clear dishes, refill drinks, and keeps      Opportunity above average        Employers prefer, but do not require, that buspersons have a high school
the dining area neat.                                             780 employed                     diploma or GED. Employers look for buspersons who make a good impression
                                                                  $1,315                           for the business.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 309, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos162.htm


Cannery Workers Cannery workers sort, pack, and                  Opportunity above average         Food processing or handling experience is helpful but not required. Knowledge
preserve fish and shellfish products. Most cannery workers       3,510 employed                    of various types of machinery, including conveyors and fork lifts, is helpful.
in Alaska are involved with the processing of fish or            $1,580
shellfish.
                                                                                                   OOH p. 516, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Fast Food Cooks Fast food cooks prepare food for customers        Opportunity above average        Employers prefer workers who are neat and clean and have a pleasant
at fast food restaurants.                                         535 employed                     personality.
                                                                  $1,360
                                                               Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     33
                                                               Alaska Employment              Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                       Average Pay                    Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.


                                                                                              OOH p. 306, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos161.htm
Food Preparation Workers Food preparation workers get          Opportunity excellent          Although many employers prefer to hire high school graduates, completion of
food ready for cooking or serving.                             2,405 employed                 high school is usually not required. Employers expect food preparation workers
                                                               $1,650                         to be able to work as part of a team.

                                                                                              OOH p. 306, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos161.htm
Kitchen Helpers Kitchen helpers assist chefs or head cooks     Opportunity excellent          Most employers do not require experience, although experience is helpful
with less-skilled tasks in kitchens.                           1,520 employed                 when applying for a job. Students may be able to work part time while they are
                                                               $1,470                         still in school.

                                                                                              OOH p. 306, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos161.htm
Restaurant Hosts Restaurant hosts greet customers and          Opportunity excellent          Employers prefer to hire restaurant hosts who have a high school diploma or
escort them to tables.                                         500 employed                   GED. Some employers require experience in food or customer service.
                                                               $1,380
                                                                                              OOH p. 309, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos162.htm


                                                                                High School
Bartenders     Bartenders prepare and serve drinks to          Opportunity excellent          Employers prefer to hire people who are 25 or older. They prefer bartenders
customers in bars and restaurants.                             1,610 employed                 who have a neat, clean appearance and a courteous, outgoing manner. Many
                                                               $1,725                         employers prefer bartenders to have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                              OOH p. 309, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos162.htm
Chefs and Dinner Cooks Chefs and dinner cooks measure,         Opportunity excellent          People who have had courses in commercial food preparation may be able to
mix, and cook food according to recipes.                       375 employed                   start in a chef or cook job without having to spend time in a lower-skilled
                                                               $2,175                         kitchen job.

                                                                                              OOH p. 306, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos161.htm
Counter Attendants Counter attendants work at counters in      Opportunity excellent          Counter attendants work closely with the public. Thus employers look for
coffee shops and small restaurants. They also work in          1,070 employed                 people who communicate well and have a neat, clean appearance.
cafeterias.                                                    $1,405
                                                                                              OOH p. 309, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos162.htm
Food Service Worker Supervisors Food service worker            Opportunity above average      Many employers require that supervisors have at least a high school diploma
supervisors direct and oversee the work of staff who prepare   970 employed                   or GED. Some prefer an associate or a bachelor's degree. Most employers
and serve food.                                                $2,270                         require experience in the work that will be supervised.

                                                                                              OOH p. 306, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Short-Order Cooks Short-order cooks prepare food in            Opportunity above average      Employers prefer to hire applicants who have some experience as a short-
restaurants that emphasize fast service.                       380 employed                   order cook. They may hire someone with experience as a kitchen helper or
                                                               $1,795                         assistant cook.

                                                                                              OOH p. 306, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos161.htm
Waiters and Waitresses Waiters and waitresses serve food       Opportunity excellent          Employers look for people who have the qualities needed to maintain a
in restaurants and other dining establishments.                4,650 employed                 restaurant's image. These qualities include good communication skills and a
                                                               $1,250                         neat, clean appearance.

                                                                                              OOH p. 309, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos162.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                            34
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.


Healthcare Occupations

                                                                No Specific Educational Requirements
Psychiatric Aides Psychiatric aides care for patients with       Opportunity below average        Many employers prefer workers who have a high school education. However,
mental disorders.                                                90 employed                      it is usually not required. Many aides work first as a nursing assistant, and
                                                                 $2,725                           then receive additional on-the-job training in helping patients with emotional
                                                                                                  problems.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 317, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos165.htm
                                                                                 High School
Home Health Aides Home health aides care for elderly,            Opportunity excellent            Some employers require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
recovering, or disabled persons in their own homes.              1,175 employed                   Most employers provide on-the-job training. This allows people to enter the
                                                                 $2,110                           field with little or no previous experience.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 317, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos165.htm
Nursing Assistants Nursing assistants give personal care         Opportunity excellent            Employers may require a high school diploma, GED, or experience. Many
to patients in hospitals and nursing homes. They work            1,705 employed                   employers have training programs. Some states require a license. Employers
under the direction of nurses and physicians.                    $2,315                           prefer to train people who are healthy, patient, and tactful.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 317, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos165.htm


                                                                     One Year Beyond High School
Cardiovascular       Technologists            Cardiovascular     Opportunity above average        Some employers prefer to hire cardiovascular technologists or technicians who
technologists and technicians help doctors identify and treat    30 employed                      have attended formal training programs. Other employers may hire people
cardiac (heart) and vascular (blood vessel) problems.            $2,970                           who they can train on the job.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 277, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos100.htm
Community Health Aides/Practitioners Community health            Opportunity data not available   Applicant is usually recommended by the village council or other local health
aides/practitioners (CHA/Ps)* provide primary health care        Employment data not available    governing body. Emergency trauma training may be required. Ability to
in Alaska's remote villages.                                     Earnings data not available      communicate in the local Native language may be beneficial.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 335, or Internet: http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos173.htm
Dental Assistants Dental assistants help dentists with           Opportunity excellent            Dental assistants function as a dentist's "third hand." Therefore, dentists
patient care, office tasks, and lab duties.                      705 employed                     prefer to hire applicants who are reliable, can work well with others, and
                                                                 $2,740                           have good manual dexterity.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 312, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos163.htm
Dietetic Technicians Dietetic technicians help dietitians Opportunity below average               Many employers prefer to hire registered dietetic technicians. These people
provide nutrition care. They may run food service facilities. Employment data not available       have met education and experience requirements as well as passed an exam.
                                                                $2,765
                                                                                                  OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Emergency Medical Technicians Emergency medical                  Opportunity above average        Employers hire emergency medical technicians who are certified. They may
technicians (EMTs) give care to ill or injured people. If        345 employed                     require a valid driver's license. They look for EMTs who are emotionally stable.
patients need more care, EMTs drive them to medical              $3,005
facilities.                                                                                       OOH p. 284, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos101.htm
                                                                    Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                           35
                                                                    Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                            Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Licensed Practical Nurses Licensed practical nurses                 Opportunity above average        LPNs should have a caring, sympathetic nature. Employers prefer to hire
(LPNs) care for sick, injured, and disabled people.                 520 employed                     LPNs who have a strong desire to help others and a genuine concern for
                                                                    $3,100                           patients' welfare.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 287, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos102.htm
Medical Assistants Medical assistants help care for                 Opportunity excellent            Most employers prefer graduates of medical assistant programs, or applicants
patients. They carry out routine treatments, conduct lab            530 employed                     with experience. They may also prefer applicants who are certified or
tests, and maintain office records.                                 $2,335                           registered.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 314, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos164.htm
Nuclear Medicine Technologists Nuclear medicine                     Opportunity data not available   Most employers prefer to hire technologists who are certified or registered.
technologists give patients radioactive drugs or radiation          20 employed                      They prefer workers who have good clinical and testing skills.
treatments.                                                         $4,795
                                                                                                     OOH p. 289, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos104.htm
Opticians Opticians prepare, fit, and sell corrective contact       Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer high school graduates who have some combination of
lenses and eyeglasses.                                              125 employed                     formal training and experience. It is possible to be hired without any
                                                                    $3,220                           experience at all.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 293, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos098.htm
Pharmacy Technicians Pharmacy technicians help                      Opportunity above average        There are no national and few state requirements for training pharmacy
pharmacists provide drugs and other health care products to         360 employed                     technicians. However, employers often prefer applicants who have completed
patients.                                                           $2,635                           formal training.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 295, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos252.htm

                                                                       Two Years Beyond High School
Alternative Medical Practitioners            Alternative medicine   Opportunity data not available   Many of these occupations are performed with another medical or
practitioners provide alternative or complimentary, therapeutic     95 licenses issued               quasi-medical occupation. For example, an acupuncturist may be a physician
health services to their clients or patients.                       Earnings data not available      with supplemental acupuncture training, and a psychologist may have
                                                                                                     biofeedback training. License required for some; certification recommended.

                                                                                                     Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Dental Hygienists Dental hygienists clean teeth and teach           Opportunity above average        Dental hygienists must have a state license. One must successfully pass an
clients how to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.                 440 employed                     approved training program and then pass written and clinical exams to receive
                                                                    $5,525                           a license.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 281, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos097.htm
Health Information Technicians Health information                   Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer to hire technicians who have completed formal training
technicians collect, code, and maintain medical information         355 employed                     programs. They also prefer to hire technicians who are registered.
about patients                                                      $2,495
                                                                                                     OOH p. 288, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos103.htm
Occupational Therapy Assistants Occupational therapy                Opportunity data not available   Many states require occupational therapy assistants to be licensed or certified.
assistants help people with disabilities develop skills. They       Employment data not available    In these states, many employers prefer to hire applicants who are already
work under the supervision of occupational therapists.              Earnings data not available      certified or licensed.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 320, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos166.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        36
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Physical Therapy Assistants Physical therapy assistants           Opportunity above average        Most employers require applicants to be certified or licensed in states that
help patients regain physical function after illness or injury.   50 employed                      require it. However, some employers will employ a graduate from an approved
                                                                  $2,550                           program and provide the additional clinical training needed for a license.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 322, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos167.htm
Physician Assistants Physician assistants (PAs) provide           Opportunity above average        All states require that new physician assistants (PAs) complete a formal
health care services under the supervision of doctors.            185 employed                     training program. Most employers look for experience or clinical rotations in
                                                                  $6,575                           their specialty area.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 260, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos081.htm
Psychiatric Technicians Psychiatric technicians assist in         Opportunity average              Some employers will hire workers who have a high school diploma. However,
the care and treatment of mentally ill and developmentally        125 employed                     most prefer applicants with one to two years of training beyond high school.
disabled patients.                                                $3,135                           Employers value workers who have a strong desire to help others, patience,
                                                                                                   and understanding.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 596, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Radiation Therapists Radiation therapists use beams of            Opportunity data not available   Employers require radiation therapists to have at least an associate degree in
radiation to treat tumors.                                        Employment data not available    radiation therapy. Many employers prefer to hire therapists who have a
                                                                  Earnings data not available      bachelor's degree. Employers also require therapists to be licensed in their
                                                                                                   state.

                                                                                                   OOH p. , or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Radiologic Technologists Radiologic technologists use             Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer applicants who have completed formal training in
special equipment to create images of internal organs,            295 employed                     radiography and sonography. Many employers prefer radiologic technologists
tissues, and bones.                                               $4,160                           who have registered with the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 596, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos105.htm
Recreational Therapists Recreational therapists plan and          Opportunity average              Most employers prefer candidates who are certified therapeutic recreation
carry out treatments and activities for patients.                 30 employed                      specialists.
                                                                  $2,635
                                                                                                   OOH p. 266, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos082.htm
Registered Nurses Registered nurses care for patients             Opportunity excellent            Some employers may prefer to hire registered nurses who have a B.S.N.
who are ill or injured. Registered nurses work to promote         5,005 employed                   degree. Nursing supervisors are nearly always required to have a B.S.N.
health and to help patients cope with illness.                    $4,590                           degree.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 268, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos083.htm
Respiratory Therapists Respiratory therapists evaluate,           Opportunity above average        Most employers require applicants for entry-level jobs to be Certified
treat, and care for patients with breathing disorders.            135 employed                     Respiratory Therapists (CRT). Applicants who are not CRTs must be eligible
                                                                  $4,215                           to take the certification exam.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 270, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos084.htm
Surgical Technologists Surgical technologists prepare for         Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer to hire technologists who are certified. Employers look
and assist with surgical procedures.                              95 employed                      for technologists who are responsible, orderly, and emotionally stable. They
                                                                  $3,260                           also look for technologists with good hand and finger control.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 298, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos106.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                          37
                                                                Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Veterinary Assistants Veterinary assistants care for            Opportunity average              Veterinarians may prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
animals and assist with lab tests, treatment, and surgery.      125 employed                     Employers in research labs may prefer applicants who are certified as Animal
                                                                $1,730                           Laboratory Technicians.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                  Four Years Beyond High School
Athletic Trainers Athletic trainers help athletes become fit    Opportunity data not available   Most employers require a bachelor's degree in athletic training or a related
so they can compete in sports.                                  Employment data not available    field. Many also require certification as an athletic trainer. In states that
                                                                Earnings data not available      require an athletic trainer license, employers may hire only licensed athletic
                                                                                                 trainers.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Dietitians Dietitians plan diets for patients and educate       Opportunity above average        Twenty-seven states require that dietitians be licensed. In these states,
people about eating healthy foods.         Some dietitians      115 employed                     employers can hire only licensed dietitians. Fourteen states require that
supervise food preparation and service.                         $4,380                           dietitians be certified or registered.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 252, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos077.htm
Medical Laboratory Technicians Medical laboratory               Opportunity average              Employers require applicants for medical technologist jobs to have at least a
technicians conduct tests to help detect, diagnose, and treat   205 employed                     bachelor's degree. They prefer applicants whose degree is in medical
diseases.                                                       $2,995                           technology or one of the life sciences. National certification is highly valued.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 279, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos096.htm
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists Occupational         Opportunity average              Employers require occupational health and safety specialists to have at least a
health and safety specialists investigate workplaces. They      205 employed                     bachelor's degree. They prefer to hire specialists who majored in chemistry,
recommend ways to remove health hazards.                        $5,695                           physics, or engineering.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 291, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos017.htm
Occupational Therapists Occupational therapists help            Opportunity average              Employers require applicants to have at least a bachelor's degree in
people regain or learn daily living or work skills.             155 employed                     occupational therapy. They prefer applicants who can inspire trust and respect
                                                                $4,880                           in their patients.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 253, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos078.htm
Orthotic and Prosthetic Specialists Orthotic and                Opportunity poor                 Employers require that orthotists and prosthetists be certified or eligible for
prosthetic specialists design, build, and fit orthopedic        25 employed                      certification within two years of being hired. When workers are not yet certified,
braces, surgical supports, and artificial limbs. They usually   Earnings data not available      employers prefer they have a technical certificate, related experience, or a
work from doctors' prescriptions.                                                                completed residency program.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 250, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm




                                                                   More than Four Years Post High
                                                               Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                             38
                                                               Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                       Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Anesthesiologists Anesthesiologists are doctors who give       Opportunity average              Employers require anesthesiologists to be licensed to practice medicine.
patients drugs to relieve pain or put them to sleep during     90 employed                      They must also have a certificate to work in anesthesiology. Many are
surgery.                                                       Earnings data not available      hired by the hospital where they work during the residency years.

                                                                                                OOH p. 262, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos074.htm
Audiologists Audiologists help people to hear better.          Opportunity above average        Most employers require speech audiologists to have a master's degree and a
                                                               25 employed                      license. In addition, employers prefer people who can communicate well with
                                                               $4,835                           clients.

                                                                                                OOH p. 272, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos085.htm
Chiropractors Chiropractors treat patients with health         Opportunity above average        Many chiropractors are self-employed. Others work in small group practices.
problems related to back, neck, and other joint damage.        125 employed                     When looking for practice partners or hiring salaried employees, chiropractors
                                                               Earnings data not available      prefer people who get along well with others.

                                                                                                OOH p. 248, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos071.htm
Dentists Dentists examine patients’ teeth and mouth and        Opportunity average              Employers require dentists to be licensed. Dentists who are hiring partners for
correct dental problems.                                       355 employed                     their practice may look for applicants with a good business sense. They prefer
                                                               $12,045                          dentists who work well with patients.

                                                                                                OOH p. 250, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos072.htm
Nurse Anesthetists Nurse anesthetists are registered nurses    Opportunity data not available   Requires graduation from an approved nurse anesthesia program and
with special training who use drugs and gases to block         86 licensed                      passing of a national certification exam. Employers require individuals with
physical sensations or keep patients unconscious during        Earnings data not available      good judgment and leadership qualities who can direct and supervise
procedures.                                                                                     others. License required; certification required.

                                                                                                OOH p. 268, or Internet http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos083.htm
Nurse Practitioners Nurse practitioners are registered         Opportunity excellent            Requires one to two years of specialized education beyond a bachelor's degree
nurses with additional knowledge and skills that they can      4,440 employed                   in nursing. National certification in a specialty area, such as pediatrics, midwifery,
use to evaluate patient needs and provide health care with     $4,590                           or adult medicine is required. A master's degree in an area such as public health
somewhat less supervision.                                                                      is helpful. License required; certification required.

                                                                                                OOH p. 268, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos083.htm
Optometrists Optometrists examine patients' eyes to            Opportunity above average        Many optometrists begin work in a group practice or clinic. Employers prefer to
diagnose vision problems. They prescribe corrective lenses     95 employed                      hire optometrists who already have their license. Employers look for
or other treatments.                                           $9,570                           optometrists who are able to relate to a variety of people.

                                                                                                OOH p. 255, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos073.htm
Pharmacists Pharmacists dispense drugs and provide             Opportunity excellent            Employers require that pharmacists be licensed in the state where they work.
information about their use.                                   365 employed                     Employers also look for pharmacists who have good people and
                                                               $7,150                           communication skills. This is because communication with patients is a very
                                                                                                important part of the job.

                                                                                                OOH p. 257, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos079.htm
Physical Therapists Physical therapists treat patients to      Opportunity above average        Employers require physical therapists to be licensed. Employers prefer to hire
relieve their pain and increase their strength and mobility.   300 employed                     therapists who get along well with people and communicate clearly. A caring,
                                                               $5,230                           helpful attitude is also an advantage in this occupation.

                                                                                                OOH p. 259, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos080.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                      39
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Physicians Physicians help people maintain and improve           Opportunity average              Many doctors begin work in a group practice or clinic. Some physicians go to
their health.                                                    280 employed                     work for the hospital where they complete their residency.
                                                                 $10,735
                                                                                                  OOH p. 262, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos074.htm
Podiatrists Podiatrists diagnose and treat disorders and         Opportunity data not available   Podiatrists must have scientific aptitude and manual dexterity. Employers
injuries of the foot and lower leg.                              Employment data not available    look for applicants who have good interpersonal skills and good business
                                                                 Earnings data not available      sense.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 264, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos075.htm
Psychiatrists Psychiatrists diagnose and treat people who        Opportunity average              Some psychiatrists go to work for the hospital where they complete their
have mental illnesses.                                           85 employed                      residency. Others find jobs through professional journals and organizations.
                                                                 $12,095                          Many psychiatrists start their own practice or join a group practice.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 262, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos074.htm
Speech Pathologists Speech pathologists help people              Opportunity below average        Most employers require speech pathologists to have a master's degree and a
speak more clearly.                                              190 employed                     license. In addition, employers prefer people who can communicate well with
                                                                 $4,835                           clients.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 272, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos085.htm
Surgeons Surgeons perform surgery to diagnose and treat          Opportunity average              Some surgeons work for the hospital where they completed their residency.
patients.                                                        115 employed                     Others begin working in a group practice.
                                                                 Earnings data not available
                                                                                                  OOH p. 262, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos074.htm
Veterinarians Veterinarians treat animal health problems.        Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire veterinarians who already have their state license.
They work to prevent, control, and cure animal diseases.         135 employed                     Employers also look at whether applicants have experience with small or large
                                                                 $4,845                           animals. In addition, employers look for applicants who have good
                                                                                                  communication skills.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 274, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos076.htm


Installation, Maintenance and Repair Occupations

                                                                No Specific Educational Requirements
Mechanic and Repairer Helpers Mechanic and repairer              Opportunity above average        Most employers require helpers to be at least 18 years old and physically able
helpers help experienced mechanics with less skilled tasks.      410 employed                     to do the job. They usually hire helpers who do not have work experience or
                                                                 $2,540                           special training.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 602, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                                  High School
Auto Glass Installers Auto glass installers repair or replace    Opportunity average              Employers prefer high school graduates who know how to use hand tools and
damaged windshields and windows.                                 55 employed                      can lift 80 pounds. Many require a valid driver's license and a good driving
                                                                 $2,765                           record.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 485, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos180.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        40
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Automatic Teller Machine Servicers          Automatic teller      Opportunity average              Most employers require that ATM servicers have a driver's license. Many
machine (ATM) servicers maintain and restock ATMs.                200 employed                     employers require background and driving record checks before hiring. Some
                                                                  $3,600                           employers prefer applicants with electronics training or technical repair
                                                                                                   experience.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 475, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos186.htm
Bicycle Repairers Bicycle repairers fix bicycles using hand       Opportunity data not available   Employers may prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
tools.                                                            Employment data not available    They may also prefer applicants who have mechanical experience or training.
                                                                  Earnings data not available
                                                                                                   OOH p. 601, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Building Maintenance Workers Building maintenance                 Opportunity excellent            Many employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
workers keep buildings in good shape. They repair plumbing,       3,515 employed                   They also prefer applicants who have related work experience. However,
electrical fixtures, machinery, and the structure of buildings.   $3,235                           some employers will provide training to people they hire as helpers.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 300, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Motorboat Mechanics Motorboat mechanics maintain and              Opportunity average              A high school diploma or GED is usually required to become a trainee. If
repair boat motors.                                               65 employed                      applicants have good reading, writing, and math skills, they may get work
                                                                  $3,020                           without a degree.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 496, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos198.htm
Motorcycle Mechanics Motorcycle mechanics maintain and            Opportunity average              With motorcycles becoming more complex, employers may have a harder time
repair motorcycles. They also work on all-terrain vehicles,       100 employed                     doing all the training on the job. An increasing number of employers prefer to
motor scooters, and mopeds.                                       $2,680                           hire motorcycle mechanics who are graduates of formal training programs.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 496, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos198.htm
Tire Repairers and Changers Tire repairers and changers fix       Opportunity above average        Although not required, most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a
and replace tires on motor vehicles.                              260 employed                     high school diploma or GED. General knowledge of motor vehicles and the
                                                                  $1,865                           tools necessary for repairs is helpful.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 602, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm


                                                                      One Year Beyond High School
Appliance Installers and Repairers Appliance installers and       Opportunity below average        Employers generally require that appliance installers and repairers have at
repairers set up, service, and fix machines such as washers       90 employed                      least a high school diploma or GED. Some employers prefer to hire workers
and refrigerators.                                                $2,300                           who do not have any experience so that they can provide the training.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 504, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos193.htm
Auto Body Repairers Auto body repairers fix or replace the        Opportunity average              Most employers prefer graduates of community college or vocational school
damaged parts of vehicle bodies and frames.                       310 employed                     programs. Some employers prefer to hire paint or body specialists. Others
                                                                  $3,430                           prefer repairers who can do all phases of the work.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 485, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos180.htm
Automobile Mechanics Automobile mechanics              inspect,   Opportunity excellent            Most employers prefer applicants who have completed a formal training
maintain, and repair cars and light trucks.                       1,925 employed                   program. Experience working on motor vehicles in the military or as a hobby
                                                                  $3,755                           may also be helpful.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 487, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos181.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                       41
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Bus and Truck Mechanics Bus and truck mechanics maintain         Opportunity above average        Employers prefer to hire bus and truck mechanics who graduate from formal
and repair diesel engines.                                       690 employed                     training programs. Many employers work with training programs to provide
                                                                 $3,650                           instructors with the latest equipment, techniques, and tools.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 491, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos182.htm
Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers Camera               Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire qualified repairers with three to five years of
and photographic equipment repairers fix and adjust cameras      Employment data not available    experience. For repairers without experience, employers look for knowledge of
and related equipment.                                           Earnings data not available      electronics.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 511, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos199.htm
Coin and Vending Machine Repairers Coin and vending              Opportunity above average        Employers usually require applicants to demonstrate mechanical ability, either
machine repairers install, maintain, and repair coin machines.   50 employed                      through work experience or education. Employers also hire applicants who
                                                                 Earnings data not available      have a record of being honest.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 499, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos200.htm
Commercial Divers Commercial divers work underwater to           Opportunity below average        Employers prefer to hire divers who are graduates of a training program. They
build or repair structures. They also perform search and         35 employed                      also prefer divers who were trained by the military. Most diving schools have
rescue duties.                                                   $3,790                           relationships with diver recruiters.

                                                                                                  Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Communications Equipment Mechanics Communications                Opportunity average              Most employers seek applicants with training in electronics. Military
equipment mechanics set up and maintain equipment that           680 employed                     experience with communications equipment is highly valued by many
transmits signals to carry information.                          $5,005                           employers. Employers look for mechanics who are able to work without close
                                                                                                  supervision.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 508, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos188.htm
Computer Equipment Repairers Computer equipment                  Opportunity average              Most employers prefer applicants who have formal training in computer repair
repairers maintain and fix computers and related equipment.      200 employed                     or electronics. They may also prefer applicants who are certified.
                                                                 $3,600
                                                                                                  OOH p. 475, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos186.htm
Farm Equipment Mechanics Farm equipment mechanics                Opportunity data not available   Most employers prefer to hire mechanics who have a high school diploma or
make sure that farm machinery operates correctly.                Employment data not available    GED. In addition, employers prefer people who have completed a training
                                                                 Earnings data not available      program in farm machinery repair.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 493, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos197.htm
Heating and Cooling System Mechanics Heating and                 Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire mechanics with technical school or apprenticeship
cooling system mechanics install and repair heating, air-        355 employed                     training. This is because of the increasing complexity of heating and cooling
conditioning, and refrigeration systems.                         $3,845                           systems.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 501, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos192.htm
Home Electronic Repairers Home electronic repairers fix a        Opportunity below average        Employers prefer applicants who have basic knowledge and skill in electronics.
variety of electronic equipment.                                 50 employed                      Many prefer applicants with formal electronics training. Employers look for
                                                                 $2,610                           applicants who have hands-on experience repairing electronic equipment.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 479, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos187.htm
Industrial Machinery Mechanics Industrial machinery              Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer to hire applicants who have a high school diploma or
mechanics install, maintain, and fix machinery in factories.     505 employed                     GED. For apprenticeships, applicants must be at least 18 years old.
                                                                 $4,200
                                                                                                  OOH p. 506, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos191.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                         42
                                                                 Alaska Employment                  Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                        Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Line Installers and Repairers Line installers and repairers      Electrical Power Line Installers   Most employers require only a high school diploma or GED. However, most
construct and maintain networks of wires and cables.             and Repairers:                     prefer applicants who have technical knowledge of electricity and electronics.
                                                                 Opportunity above average
                                                                 345 employed                       OOH p. 508, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos195.htm
                                                                 $5,545
                                                                 Telecommunication Line
                                                                 Installers and Repairers:
                                                                 Opportunity average
                                                                 335 employed
                                                                 $4,185

Locksmiths Locksmiths install and repair locks and safes.        Opportunity below average          Some employers prefer to hire applicants who have completed training. Other
                                                                 40 employed                        employers prefer to train locksmiths on the job. These employers generally
                                                                 $2,420                             prefer to hire applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 602, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Medical Equipment Repairers Medical equipment repairers          Opportunity average                Most employers prefer applicants who have completed a formal training
install, test, adjust, and repair medical equipment.             75 employed                        program. Experience working on medical equipment is also helpful and may
                                                                 $4,360                             be required.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 511, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos199.htm
Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners Musical                  Opportunity data not available     Employers prefer to hire musical instrument repairers and tuners who have
instrument repairers and tuners adjust, repair, and tune         Employment data not available      formal training in instrument repair. Employers who hire inexperienced workers
instruments to improve their sound.                              Earnings data not available        as trainees look for people with knowledge of music.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 511, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos199.htm
Office Machine Repairers Office machine repairers install,       Opportunity average                Most employers prefer applicants who have formal training in electronics. They
maintain, and fix copiers, cash registers, and similar           200 employed                       may test applicants on their knowledge and skills in mechanics, electricity, and
equipment.                                                       $3,600                             electronics.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 475, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos186.htm
Riggers Riggers use ropes, pulleys, and other gear to move       Opportunity below average          Most employers require riggers to have at least a high school diploma or GED.
large or heavy items.                                            Employment data not available      Some employers require work experience in construction or other related
                                                                 $4,165                             areas. Employers look for applicants who are physically able to do the job.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 602, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Small Engine Mechanics Small engine mechanics service            Opportunity below average          As small engines become more complex, employers may have a harder time
and repair outdoor power equipment.                              120 employed                       doing all the training on the job. An increasing number of employers prefer to
                                                                 $2,675                             hire mechanics who graduated from formal training programs.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 496, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos198.htm

                                                                    Two Years Beyond High School
Aircraft Mechanics Aircraft mechanics service and repair         Opportunity excellent              Most airlines require that mechanics have a high school diploma or GED. They
aircraft and aircraft engines. They do this to ensure safe and   1,460 employed                     also look for applicants with an airframe and powerplant (A & P) mechanic
dependable performance.                                          $3,750                             certificate.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 483, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos179.htm
                                                                   Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                       43
                                                                   Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                           Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Electric Motor Repairers Electric motor repairers maintain         Opportunity below average        Most employers require electric motor repairers to have a high school diploma
and repair electric motors.                                        40 employed                      or GED. Employers prefer to hire people who have formal training in appliance
                                                                   $5,200                           repair and electronics.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 477, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos184.htm
Heavy Equipment Mechanics Heavy equipment mechanics                Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer applicants who have completed a training program.
repair and maintain equipment such as graders, backhoes,           665 employed                     The program could be in diesel or heavy equipment repair.
and loading shovels.                                               $4,360
                                                                                                    OOH p. 493, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos197.htm
Industrial Electronics Repairers Industrial electronics            Opportunity average              Most employers require applicants to have some formal training in electronics.
repairers install, maintain, and fix large electrical equipment.   270 employed                     They also require field technicians to have a driver's license and good driving
                                                                   $4,775                           record. Some employers may prefer applicants who are certified.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 477, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos184.htm
Millwrights Millwrights install and repair machinery and heavy     Opportunity above average        Many employers require applicants for apprenticeships to have at least a high
equipment.                                                         145 employed                     school diploma or GED. Apprenticeship applicants must be at least 18 years
                                                                   Earnings data not available      old and meet local requirements.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 506, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos191.htm
Watch Repairers Watch repairers test, adjust, repair, and          Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire graduates of formal training programs. They look for
clean watches, clocks, and other timepieces.                       Employment data not available    people with good problem-solving skills, hand and finger control, patience,
                                                                   Earnings data not available      persistence, and good eyesight.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 511, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos199.htm


Legal Occupations

                                                                       One Year Beyond High School
Paralegals    Paralegals research and investigate facts for        Opportunity average              Many employers prefer applicants who have completed a formal training
lawyers.                                                           700 employed                     program. However, some employers prefer to train paralegals on the job.
                                                                   $3,305
                                                                                                    OOH p. 213, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos114.htm
Title Examiners and Searchers             Title examiners and      Opportunity below average        Employers prefer applicants who have taken college-level courses or have
searchers review records to verify the legal status of land.       75 employed                      experience in the field. Some employers fill these jobs by promoting clerks or
                                                                   $3,585                           other office staff.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 596, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                      More than Four Years Post High
Judges and Hearing Officers Judges and hearing officers            Opportunity below average        Federal and state judges must be licensed lawyers. However, about 40 states
review cases and make decisions about them based on the            100 employed                     allow people who are not lawyers to hold limited jurisdiction judgeships. This
law.                                                               $7,790                           means they may be responsible for one small area of the law. However,
                                                                                                    opportunities are better for those with a law degree.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 208, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos272.htm
                                                               Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     44
                                                               Alaska Employment             Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                       Average Pay                   Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Law Clerks Law clerks research, write, and read legal          Opportunity below average     Many employers require a law degree. Some employers prefer to hire law
arguments. They summarize information for lawyers or           155 employed                  clerks who have passed their state bar exam. Passing the bar exam gives
judges.                                                        $3,450                        lawyers their license.

                                                                                             OOH p. 596, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Lawyers Lawyers study, explain, and apply laws to specific     Opportunity above average     Employers prefer to hire applicants who are licensed in their state. Some also
problems.                                                      1,420 employed                require that applicants pass a written ethics exam.
                                                               $6,845
                                                                                             OOH p. 210, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos053.htm


Life, Physical and Social Sciences Occupations

                                                                  Two Years Beyond High School
Park Naturalists Park naturalists create programs to teach     Opportunity average           Employers prefer to hire park naturalists who have a bachelor's degree. Some
park visitors about natural areas.                             305 employed                  employers may accept experience as a substitute for education. They may
                                                               $4,970                        also accept a combination of education and experience.

                                                                                             OOH p. , or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Science Technicians Science technicians conduct tests          Biological Technicians:       Many employers prefer to hire technicians who have at least two years of
and experiments to assist scientists.                          Opportunity above average     training or an associate degree. Some employers prefer technicians with a
                                                               620 employed                  bachelor's degree.
                                                               $2,605
                                                               Chemical Technicians:         OOH p. 236, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos115.htm
                                                               Opportunity above average
                                                               205 employed
                                                               Earnings data not available
                                                               Geological and Petroleum
                                                               Technicians:
                                                               Opportunity above average
                                                               340 employed
                                                               $4,220

                                                                 Four Years Beyond High School
Agricultural Scientists Agricultural scientists study plants   Opportunity below average     Employers in food science and technology hire applicants with a bachelor’s
and soils. They use science to protect, develop, and           65 employed                   degree to do applied research. The federal government hires bachelor’s
manage these resources.                                        $5,305                        degree holders as soil scientists. Many employers prefer to hire people with a
                                                                                             degree in agricultural science.

                                                                                             OOH p. 216, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos046.htm
Animal Scientists Animal scientists conduct research.          Opportunity below average     A bachelor's degree is the minimum requirement for entry-level or assistant
They try to develop better animal products and healthier       65 employed                   positions. A degree in animal or food science, biology, or chemistry is often
animals.                                                       $5,305                        preferred. Applicants may be required to pass a civil service exam for
                                                                                             government jobs.

                                                                                             OOH p. 216, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos046.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                       45
                                                                Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Biologists Biologists study plants, animals, and the            Opportunity below average        Many employers look for applicants who have computer experience. They
environments they live in.                                      Employment data not available    prefer to hire biologists who can apply computer skills to research tasks and
                                                                $3,660                           operation of lab equipment.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 219, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos047.htm
Chemists Chemists search for new knowledge and use              Opportunity below average        Many employers look for applicants who have computer experience. They
existing knowledge about chemicals.                             90 employed                      prefer to hire chemists who can apply computer skills to research tasks and
                                                                $4,305                           operation of lab equipment.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 227, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos049.htm
City Planning Aides City planning aides gather and              Opportunity data not available   Most employers require aides to have a bachelor's degree in a field related to
analyze data for use by urban planners.                         Employment data not available    urban planning. Some also require work experience.
                                                                Earnings data not available
                                                                                                 OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos057.htm
Conservation Scientists Conservation scientists manage,         Opportunity average              Most employers require conservation scientists to have at least a bachelor's
develop, and help protect soil and rangelands.                  305 employed                     degree. Employers prefer if the degree is in range management or soil
                                                                $4,970                           conservation.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 222, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos048.htm
Forensic Science Technicians Forensic science                   Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer applicants who have laboratory experience. Such
technicians study physical evidence in order to solve crimes.   20 employed                      experience may come from coursework or from work experience, such as
                                                                $2,270                           internships. Forensic experience is very helpful.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 236, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos115.htm
Foresters Foresters manage, use, and help protect forests       Opportunity below average        Employers usually require that applicants have at least a bachelor’s degree in
and other natural resources.                                    145 employed                     forestry. They may prefer applicants who have gained work experience through
                                                                $4,820                           summer jobs, internships, or cooperative education programs.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 222, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos048.htm
Geographers Geographers study physical and cultural             Opportunity data not available   Employers look for geographers who have earned at least a bachelor's degree
characteristics of a given area.                                Employment data not available    in geography. They look for workers who know how to use computers and
                                                                $4,555                           mapping software.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 246, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos054.htm
Geologists Geologists and geophysicists study the earth's       Opportunity above average        Many employers, especially in research, prefer to hire applicants who have a
interior and exterior.                                          380 employed                     Ph.D. or at least a master's degree. A solid background in geologic methods
                                                                $6,585                           and topics is important for all geoscientists.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 230, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos050.htm
Market Research Analysts Market research analysts gather        Opportunity average              Employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor's degree in marketing or a
data to help organizations make decisions about products and    60 employed                      related field. Some positions require graduate degrees. Some small research
services.                                                       $6,230                           firms hire telephone surveyors without college degrees.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 239, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos055.htm
Meteorologists Meteorologists study the earth's atmosphere      Opportunity below average        Most employers require at least a bachelor's degree in meteorology or a
and the ways it affects our environment. Many of them           80 employed                      related field. Employers of researchers require a master's or doctoral (Ph.D.)
forecast the weather.                                           $6,915                           degree.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 225, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos051.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                           46
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Medical Scientists Medical scientists conduct research to        Opportunity data not available   Employers in research settings prefer to hire medical scientists with both a
find causes of and treatments for disease.                       Employment data not available    doctoral degree (Ph.D.) and a medical degree (M.D.).
                                                                 Earnings data not available
                                                                                                  OOH p. 219, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos047.htm

                                                                    More than Four Years Post High
Anthropologists Anthropologists use scientific research          Opportunity below average        Employers at universities prefer to hire anthropologists who have a doctoral
methods to study elements of human cultures and societies.       85 employed                      degree (Ph.D.). Some community colleges may hire graduates with a master's
                                                                 $4,395                           degree.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 246, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos054.htm
Archeologists Archeologists study relics from the past to        Opportunity below average
recreate cultures and history.                                                                    Employers at universities prefer to hire archeologists with a doctoral degree
                                                                 85 employed
                                                                                                  (Ph.D.). Some community colleges may hire graduates with a master's degree.
                                                                 $4,395
                                                                                                  OOH p. 246, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos054.htm
Astronomers Astronomers study the sun, moon, planets,            Opportunity data not available   Many employers require that applicants have a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in
stars, and galaxies to learn about the nature of the universe.   Employment data not available    astronomy or physics. Universities choose candidates based on their area of
                                                                 Earnings data not available      research and the quality of their published articles.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 233, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos052.htm
Economists Economists study laws and market forces to            Opportunity average              A bachelor's degree with a major in economics is usually the minimum
understand and predict changes in business cycles.               90 employed                      requirement for employment. However, few jobs directly related to economic
                                                                 $5,635                           analysis are open to graduates who have only a bachelor's degree.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 239, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos055.htm
Food Scientists Food scientists conduct research to              Opportunity below average        Entry-level positions for food scientists require a bachelor's degree. In these
develop food products that are healthy, safe, and appealing.     65 employed                      positions, beginning food scientists assist other scientists as they conduct
                                                                 $5,305                           basic research.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 216, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos046.htm
Historians Historians research, analyze, and explain past        Opportunity data not available   A bachelor's degree in history is usually the minimum requirement for
events and people.                                               20 employed                      employment. However, few jobs directly related to history are open to
                                                                 $4,790                           graduates who have only a bachelor's degree.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 246, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos054.htm
Physicists Physicists use scientific methods to study the        Opportunity data not available   Employers in research and development prefer physicists who have a Ph.D.
properties of matter and energy.                                 Employment data not available    Physicists may also need specific knowledge of the industry, such as optics or
                                                                 Earnings data not available      electronics.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 233, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos052.htm
Political Scientists Political scientists study political        Opportunity data not available   Most employers require at least a master's degree in political science.
systems and public policy.                                       Employment data not available    Colleges or universities usually require a doctoral degree (Ph.D.).
                                                                 Earnings data not available
                                                                                                  OOH p. 246, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos054.htm
Psychologists Psychologists counsel people who have life         Opportunity excellent            Most employers require clinical and counseling psychologists to have a Ph.D.
or emotional problems. They also study human behavior            315 employed                     or Psy.D. They also must have completed an internship.
and mental processes.                                            $4,575
                                                                                                  OOH p. 241, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos056.htm
                                                             Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                      47
                                                             Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                     Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Sociologists Sociologists study human society and social     Opportunity data not available   Most employers require at least a master's degree in sociology or a related
behavior.                                                    Employment data not available    social science. Colleges or universities require a doctoral degree (Ph.D.).
                                                             Earnings data not available
                                                                                              OOH p. 246, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos054.htm
Urban and Regional Planners Urban and regional               Opportunity average              Employers prefer workers who have advanced training and are able to
planners conduct studies and develop proposals. They plan    190 employed                     communicate well.
for the overall growth and improvement of urban, suburban,   $4,730
and rural areas.                                                                              OOH p. 244, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos057.htm
Zoologists Zoologists study animals and how they live and    Opportunity average              Employers of research zoologists require applicants to have a doctoral degree
grow in their habitat.                                       715 employed                     (Ph.D.). Universities look for strong research and publications backgrounds.
                                                             $4,500
                                                                                              OOH p. 219, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos047.htm



Management Occupations

                                                                 One Year Beyond High School
Farmers and Farm Managers Farmers and farm managers          Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire farm managers who have experience managing
raise crops and livestock for market.                        Employment data not available    farms. Employers look for a basic knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping,
                                                             Earnings data not available      or someone who has experience in keeping financial records.

                                                                                              OOH p. 47, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos176.htm
                                                                Two Years Beyond High School
Computer and Information Systems Managers Computer           Opportunity above average        Employers look for computer and information systems managers who have
and information systems managers direct the work of          410 employed                     experience with certain types of software or technology used on the job. They
computer-related workers.                                    $6,250                           also prefer employees with a bachelor's degree or at least an associate's
                                                                                              degree.

                                                                                              OOH p. 35, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos258.htm
Construction Managers Construction managers schedule         Opportunity above average        Most employers look for related work experience. They also seek applicants
and coordinate the work on construction projects.            1,350 employed                   who have at least a bachelor's degree in construction science or construction
                                                             $6,060                           management. Employers prefer applicants who are skilled supervisors or
                                                                                              managers.

                                                                                              OOH p. 37, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos005.htm
Funeral Directors Funeral directors provide an important     Opportunity data not available   Traditionally, funeral homes have been run as family businesses. At one time,
service in times of sadness and loss. They organize and      Employment data not available    embalmers might have needed a family connection to get hired. Today, the
direct funeral services.                                     Earnings data not available      best way for embalmers to get hired is through connections made in mortuary
                                                                                              school.

                                                                                              OOH p. 58, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos011.htm
Hotel and Motel Managers Hotel and motel managers            Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer to hire managers who have graduated with a degree or
make sure guests receive good service.                       420 employed                     certificate in hotel or restaurant management. However, employers also hire
                                                             $3,060                           applicants who graduate from college with liberal arts degrees.

                                                                                              OOH p. 70, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos015.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     48
                                                                 Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Postmasters and Mail Superintendents Postmasters and             Opportunity average         After taking the written exam, applicants for entry-level jobs are listed in order
mail superintendents direct the services and workers at post     150 employed                of their scores. Additional points are added to the score of veterans who were
offices.                                                         $3,250                      honorably discharged.

                                                                                             OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Property and Real Estate Managers Property managers              Opportunity above average   Employers prefer to hire property and real estate managers who have a
take care of the daily operation of properties. Some find,       750 employed                bachelor's degree. Some employers prefer to hire those who have experience
buy, and develop property.                                       $3,230                      as assistant property managers.

                                                                                             OOH p. 77, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos022.htm
Restaurant Managers Restaurant managers plan and                 Opportunity above average   Restaurant chains and food service management companies often recruit
direct the activities of places that serve food and beverages.   845 employed                manager trainees from college programs. Most employers prefer managers
                                                                 $2,820                      with a degree in restaurant and food service management.

                                                                                             OOH p. 55, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos024.htm
Sales Managers Sales managers direct and coordinate the          Opportunity excellent       Most employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor's degree. They look for
sales of goods and services for businesses.                      605 employed                applicants who have taken courses in marketing and business administration.
                                                                 $5,255
                                                                                             OOH p. 26, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos020.htm

                                                                   Four Years Beyond High School
Administrative    Services    Managers Administrative            Opportunity above average   This is not an entry-level occupation. Most employers require two to four years
services managers coordinate support services for                1,205 employed              of work-related experience. Educational requirements vary.
businesses and organizations.                                    $4,050
                                                                                             OOH p. 24, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos002.htm
Advertising Managers Advertising managers plan and direct        Opportunity average         Most employers prefer advertising managers who have a bachelor's degree.
ads for businesses.                                              235 employed                Some employers prefer to hire advertising managers who have a broad liberal
                                                                 $4,010                      arts background.

                                                                                             OOH p. 26, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos020.htm
Business Executives Executives run companies or                  Opportunity above average   Most executives are hired for their knowledge of the industry or the issues.
government agencies. They create plans to help their             1,135 employed              They are usually recognized as leaders in their field. They also are recognized
organizations grow.                                              $9,225                      for their previous performance as managers.

                                                                                             OOH p. 86, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos012.htm
Education Administrators Education administrators are in         Opportunity average         Most employers require that applicants have a master's degree in education
charge of schools and school districts.                          630 employed                administration. In states that require a license for education administrators,
                                                                 $5,130                      employers also require applicants to be licensed.

                                                                                             OOH p. 42, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos007.htm
Engineering Managers Engineering managers plan and               Opportunity above average   Most employers require that engineering managers have at least a bachelor's
design new products and systems.                                 470 employed                degree in engineering. Some employers prefer people who have a master's
                                                                 $8,020                      degree in engineering management or business administration.

                                                                                             OOH p. 45, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos009.htm
Financial Managers Financial managers take care of the           Opportunity above average   Most employers require financial managers to have at least a bachelor’s
budgets and investments for companies.                           1,425 employed              degree. Some employers prefer applicants who have a master’s degree.
                                                                 $5,545
                                                                                             OOH p. 52, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos010.htm
                                                              Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     49
                                                              Alaska Employment             Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                      Average Pay                   Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Health Services        Administrators Health services         Opportunity excellent         Most employers require a master's degree in health services administration,
administrators plan and direct the delivery of health care.   580 employed                  business, or a health science. They also require nursing home administrators
                                                              $6,015                        to have a license.

                                                                                            OOH p. 74, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos014.htm
Industrial Production Managers Industrial production          Opportunity average           Many employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor's degree in
managers coordinate resources and activities to produce       130 employed                  engineering and a master's degree in business administration (MBA).
millions of products every year.                              $4,585                        However, this combination is rarely required.

                                                                                            OOH p. 64, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos016.htm
Marketing Managers Marketing managers              develop    Opportunity average           Most employers prefer marketing managers who have a bachelor's degree.
marketing plans to sell products or services.                 300 employed                  They look for a background in advertising, business administration, public
                                                              $5,260                        affairs, or political science.

                                                                                            OOH p. 26, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos020.htm
Natural Sciences Managers Natural sciences managers           Opportunity average           Employers prefer to hire natural science managers who have good
plan and direct the work of natural scientists.               420 employed                  communication and administrative skills.
                                                              $6,525
                                                                                            OOH p. 45, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos009.htm
Personnel and Training Managers Personnel and training        Opportunity above average     Employers usually seek college graduates to fill entry-level jobs in personnel.
managers plan and direct policies about employees.            400 employed                  Many employers prefer applicants who have majored in human resources,
                                                              $5,800                        personnel administration, or labor relations.

                                                                                            OOH p. 60, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos021.htm
Purchasing Managers Purchasing managers try to buy the        Opportunity above average     Retail and wholesale firms prefer to hire applicants who are familiar with the
best goods and services at the best possible prices. They     290 employed                  merchandise they sell. They also look for knowledge of wholesale and retail
also supervise purchasing agents.                             $4,935                        practices.

                                                                                            OOH p. 80, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos023.htm
Social and Community Service Managers Social and              Opportunity above average     Some employers prefer to hire social service managers who have an advanced
community service managers plan and direct social service     625 employed                  degree in their field. Managers are often hired from experienced staff within
programs.                                                     $3,645                        the agency.

                                                                                            OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Storage and Transportation Managers Storage and               Opportunity excellent         Most employers require managers to have at least a bachelor’s degree. They
transportation managers direct the pickup, transport, and     420 employed                  prefer to hire applicants who have a degree in logistics, business, or marketing.
storage of goods.                                             $5,215
                                                                                            OOH p. 595, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                 More than Four Years Post High
College and University Administrators College and             Opportunity above average     Employers look for managerial experience when hiring administrators. They
university administrators manage the business affairs and     390 employed                  also look for people who have at least a bachelor's degree. However,
student services of colleges.                                 Earnings data not available   employers often prefer applicants who have a master's or doctoral degree
                                                                                            (Ph.D.).

                                                                                            OOH p. 42, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos007.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     50
                                                                 Alaska Employment             Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                   Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.


Office and Administrative Support Occupations

                                                                                 High School
Bank Tellers Bank tellers help customers with their banking      Opportunity excellent         Banks usually prefer applicants who have sales and cash-handling experience.
activities.                                                      1,040 employed                In large cities, employers may seek tellers who can speak another language.
                                                                 $2,095                        In general, banks expect tellers to have at least a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                               OOH p. 393, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos126.htm
Bill and Account Collectors Bill and account collectors          Opportunity above average     Applicants for bill and account collector positions do not need previous
locate and seek payment from people, called debtors, who         585 employed                  experience in this area. However, experience in a bank, credit bureau, or
have overdue bills.                                              $2,615                        credit department of a business are useful.

                                                                                               OOH p. 388, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos143.htm
Billing Clerks Billing clerks keep records, calculate charges,   Opportunity above average     Employers prefer applicants who have completed high school or have a GED.
and maintain files of payments made for goods and services.      1,215 employed                They also prefer applicants who are familiar with computers.
                                                                 $2,520
                                                                                               OOH p. 389, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos277.htm
Brokerage Clerks Brokerage clerks record the purchase and        Opportunity average           Employers require brokerage clerks to have at least a high school diploma or
transfer of securities.                                          35 employed                   GED. Many brokerage firms prefer to hire clerks who have a bachelor's
                                                                 $2,935                        degree.

                                                                                               OOH p. 397, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos145.htm
Copy Machine Operators Copy machine operators run copy           Opportunity below average     Employers often prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
machines to fill orders for customers or coworkers.              155 employed                  They may also prefer applicants who have experience.
                                                                 $2,255
                                                                                               OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Couriers and Messengers Couriers and messengers pick up          Opportunity below average     Many employers prefer people who are at least 16 years old and have a high
and deliver letters, documents, and packages.                    235 employed                  school diploma or GED. If using a car, a courier or messenger must also have
                                                                 $2,150                        a valid driver's license and good driving record.

                                                                                               OOH p. 411, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos136.htm
Court Clerks Court clerks process legal records and perform      Opportunity average           Employers prefer to hire applicants who have experience working in an office.
other duties for a court of law.                                 500 employed                  They look for applicants who are familiar with legal forms, documents, and
                                                                 $2,920                        terminology.

                                                                                               OOH p. 394, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos131.htm
Credit Checkers and Authorizers Credit checkers and              Opportunity below average     Most employers prefer to hire credit checkers and authorizers who have at
authorizers review the credit history of clients. They approve   65 employed                   least a high school diploma or GED. They look for applicants who have good
or deny requests for credit.                                     $2,120                        communication skills.

                                                                                               OOH p. 398, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos129.htm
Customer Service Representatives Customer             service    Opportunity above average     Most employers do not look for any formal education for customer service
representatives try to solve customer complaints.                1,980 employed                representative positions. However, many require a high school diploma or
                                                                 $2,710                        GED.

                                                                                               OOH p. 399, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos280.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                                  51
                                                                 Alaska Employment                     Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                           Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Data Entry Keyers Data entry keyers use computers to enter       Opportunity average                   Employers prefer high school graduates who meet their requirements for
numbers and information into a database.                         325 employed                          keyboarding speed. Some employers also expect applicants to have data
                                                                 $2,175                                entry training or experience.

                                                                                                       OOH p. 383, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos155.htm
Dispatchers Dispatchers coordinate the movement of workers       Opportunity excellent                 Employers require dispatchers to have a high school diploma or GED. They
and motor vehicles.                                              655 employed                          prefer to hire people who are familiar with radio equipment and the layout of
                                                                 $2,715                                the city or area.

                                                                                                       OOH p. 412, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos138.htm
File Clerks File clerks classify, store, find, and update        Opportunity average                   File clerks should have at least a high school diploma or GED. Many
information.                                                     775 employed                          employers prefer applicants who have some college training, although college
                                                                 $1,760                                is not required for entry-level jobs.

                                                                                                       OOH p. 400, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos146.htm
General Office Clerks General office clerks perform a variety    Opportunity excellent                 Most employers require general office clerks to have a high school diploma or
of duties that help keep offices running.                        7,325 employed                        GED. Some employers prefer applicants who have clerical experience.
                                                                 $2,290
                                                                                                       OOH p. 419, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos130.htm
Hotel Desk Clerks Hotel desk clerks perform a variety of         Opportunity excellent                 Employers prefer to hire desk clerks who have computer skills. They also
services for hotel guests.                                       890 employed                          prefer applicants who get along well with people. Most employers require that
                                                                 $1,645                                hotel desk clerks have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                       OOH p. 401, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos132.htm
Insurance Policy and Claims Clerks Insurance policy and          Opportunity below average             Employers require insurance policy and claims clerks to have at least a high
claims clerks process new and existing policies and record       170 employed                          school diploma or GED. Employers prefer applicants who have good
claims.                                                          $2,650                                communication skills and can work well with customers.

                                                                                                       OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Legal Secretaries Legal secretaries perform clerical duties in   Opportunity average                   Employers require legal secretaries to have a high school diploma or GED.
law offices. They must be familiar with legal procedures.        385 employed                          Employers prefer legal secretaries who have formal training in the field.
                                                                 $3,995
                                                                                                       OOH p. 422, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos151.htm
License Clerks License clerks issue licenses to people who       Opportunity average                   Most employers require a high school diploma or GED. Employers prefer
meet the requirements.                                           500 employed                          applicants who are familiar with office practices.
                                                                 $2,920
                                                                                                       OOH p. 394, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos131.htm
Loan Clerks Loan clerks process the paperwork associated         Opportunity average                   Most employers prefer to hire loan clerks who have at least a high school
with loan applications.                                          355 employed                          diploma or GED. They look for applicants who have good communication
                                                                 $2,835                                skills.

                                                                                                       OOH p. 394, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos133.htm
Mail Carriers Mail carriers deliver mail to homes and            Opportunity above average             After taking the written exam, applicants are listed in order of their scores.
businesses along an established route.                           410 employed                          Additional points are added to the score of veterans who were honorably
                                                                 $3,290 + Territorial Cost of Living   discharged.
                                                                          Allowance (25%)
                                                                                                       OOH p. 420, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos141.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        52
                                                                  Alaska Employment               Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                     Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Mail Clerks Mail clerks sort, distribute, and prepare mail for    Opportunity average             Some employers prefer to hire mail clerks who have a high school diploma or
offices or customers.                                             215 employed                    GED. Employers also prefer applicants who are careful and dependable
                                                                  $2,010                          workers.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Medical Secretaries Medical secretaries perform office duties     Opportunity above average       Most employers prefer medical secretaries who have had specialized training
that use their knowledge of medical terms and procedures.         490 employed                    or experience in a medical field. In addition, most employers require
                                                                  $2,560                          knowledge of word processing and database management programs.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 422, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos151.htm
Meter Readers Meter readers walk or drive trucks over             Opportunity below average       Employers prefer to hire applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
established routes and take readings of meter dials.              70 employed                     Some employers prefer applicants who have experience with computers.
                                                                  $4,285
                                                                                                  OOH p. 413, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos282.htm
Order Clerks Order clerks take and process orders for             Opportunity average             Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED. They
materials, merchandise, and services.                             385 employed                    also prefer applicants who know how to use computers.
                                                                  $2,475
                                                                                                  OOH p. 405, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos148.htm
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks Payroll and timekeeping            Opportunity average             Employers usually require applicants to have at least a high school diploma or
clerks check employee time records and issue paychecks.           650 employed                    GED. Many employers prefer applicants with a higher level of education.
                                                                  $2,895
                                                                                                  OOH p. 392, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos149.htm
Personnel Clerks Personnel clerks organize           and   file   Opportunity above average       Employers prefer personnel clerks who have at least a high school diploma or
companies' information about their employees.                     530 employed                    GED. They look for applicants who will be able to learn the company's unique
                                                                  $2,885                          personnel policies quickly.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 401, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos150.htm
Postal Clerks Postal clerks help customers and ensure that        Opportunity above average       Applicants for positions as postal clerks should contact the post office or mail
mail is collected, sorted, and paid for.                          290 employed                    processing center where they wish to work to find out when an exam will be
                                                                  $3,320                          given.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 420, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos141.htm
Production and Planning Clerks Production and planning            Opportunity above average       Employers rarely require more than a high school diploma or GED for entry-
clerks keep the flow of work and materials running smoothly.      435 employed                    level jobs. However, employers increasingly prefer to hire those who have
                                                                  $3,370                          experience with computers.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 413, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos283.htm
Proofreaders Proofreaders read printed copy or proofs to find     Opportunity below average       Most employers prefer to hire proofreaders who have previous experience.
and mark errors.                                                  Employment data not available   They may also prefer proofreaders who have a bachelor's degree in English or
                                                                  $2,255                          a related subject. However, a college degree is rarely a requirement.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Receptionists Receptionists greet visitors and determine          Opportunity excellent           Most employers require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
whom they need to see or where they need to go.                   3,235 employed                  Some employers require applicants to take typing and spelling tests.
                                                                  $1,995
                                                                                                  OOH p. 406, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos134.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                      53
                                                                Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Reservation and Ticket Agents Reservation and ticket            Opportunity excellent       Airlines often prefer to hire agents who have some college education. All
agents make and confirm reservations and sell travel tickets.   1,185 employed              employers prefer agents with pleasant personalities and clear speaking voices.
                                                                $2,270
                                                                                            OOH p. 406, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos135.htm
Secretaries Secretaries perform a variety of clerical and       Opportunity above average   High school graduates who have basic office skills may qualify for entry-level
administrative duties needed to run an office.                  3,885 employed              jobs. However, employers increasingly require knowledge of software
                                                                $2,490                      applications.

                                                                                            OOH p. 422, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos151.htm
Shipping and Receiving Clerks Shipping and receiving            Opportunity above average   Employers generally prefer to hire clerks with computer experience. Many
clerks keep records, prepare shipments, and accept deliveries   1,290 employed              employers prefer applicants with basic clerical skills, such as typing, filing, and
of goods.                                                       $2,355                      record keeping.

                                                                                            OOH p. 414, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos140.htm
Statistical Clerks Statistical clerks gather information and    Opportunity below average   Employers usually require statistical clerks to have a high school diploma or
analyze it using statistics.                                    45 employed                 GED. Employers prefer applicants who can operate computers and like using
                                                                $2,735                      math.

                                                                                            OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Stock Clerks Stock clerks receive, unpack, check, store, and    Opportunity excellent       Most employers do not require applicants to have more than a high school
track merchandise or materials.                                 3,330 employed              diploma or GED. However, employers often prefer to hire clerks who have
                                                                $1,960                      computer experience.

                                                                                            OOH p. 415, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos139.htm
Telephone Operators Telephone operators help people make        Opportunity below average   Most employers require that telephone operators have a high school diploma
phone calls.                                                    150 employed                or GED. Employers prefer applicants who have strong reading, spelling, and
                                                                $2,565                      math skills.

                                                                                            OOH p. 379, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos154.htm
Typists and Word Processors Typists and word processors         Opportunity below average   Employers will generally hire high school graduates who meet their
prepare documents and other print materials using computer      330 employed                requirements for keyboarding speed. Many employers also expect applicants
software.                                                       $2,270                      to have word processing experience.

                                                                                            OOH p. 383, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos155.htm

                                                                    One Year Beyond High School
Bookkeeping and Accounting Clerks Bookkeeping and               Opportunity above average   Employers prefer to hire clerks who have previous office experience. Most
accounting clerks manage the financial records of companies     5,310 employed              employers require clerks to have a high school diploma or GED. They prefer
or clients.                                                     $2,745                      applicants who are computer literate.

                                                                                            OOH p. 390, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos144.htm
Computer Operators Computer operators load, run, and            Opportunity below average   Employers prefer to hire computer operators who have experience with the
monitor computer systems.                                       245 employed                type of equipment the company uses. Because technology is changing, they
                                                                $2,995                      look for people who are adaptable and willing to learn.

                                                                                            OOH p. 381, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos128.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                 54
                                                                Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Interviewing Clerks Interviewing clerks ask people questions    Opportunity above average   Most employers require interviewing clerks to have a high school diploma or
to obtain information.                                          215 employed                GED. For some employers, the ability to use computers and get along with
                                                                $2,370                      others is equally important.

                                                                                            OOH p. 402, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos133.htm
New Accounts Clerks New accounts clerks interview people        Opportunity average         Many employers prefer to hire applicants who have a bachelor’s degree.
who want to open bank accounts.                                 60 employed                 However, they will also promote experienced bank tellers to these positions.
                                                                $2,285
                                                                                            OOH p. 394, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos131.htm

                                                                   Two Years Beyond High School
Executive Secretaries Executive secretaries assist managers     Opportunity above average   Employers usually require strong computer skills. They require applicants to
and direct office activities.                                   3,250 employed              be skilled in the use of word-processing, spreadsheet, and database software.
                                                                $2,985
                                                                                            OOH p. 422, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos151.htm
Office Managers Office managers plan and oversee the work       Opportunity excellent       Employers prefer office managers who have leadership skills and are good at
of office staff.                                                3, 065 employed             solving problems. They look for managers who are organized and efficient.
                                                                $3,520
                                                                                            OOH p. 417, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos002.htm
Transportation Agents Transportation agents coordinate the      Opportunity above average   Employers prefer applicants who have some related work experience or
movement of freight, mail, baggage, and passengers at           560 employed                training beyond high school. Exact requirements vary by employer and
airports.                                                       $2,215                      position.

                                                                                            OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                  Four Years Beyond High School
Government Benefits Interviewers Government benefits            Opportunity below average   Employers may require some education after high school. They may also
interviewers help determine if people qualify for government    215 employed                require related work experience.
assistance.                                                     $3,385
                                                                                            OOH p. 402, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos133.htm


Personal Care and Service Occupations

                                                               No Specific Educational Requirements
Baggage Porters and Bellhops Baggage porters and                Opportunity average         Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED. They
bellhops greet hotel guests and help with their luggage.        185 employed                may also prefer to hire those who are at least 18 years old.
                                                                $1,650
                                                                                            OOH p. 597, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Recreation Attendants Recreation attendants keep things         Opportunity above average   Employers look for applicants who are pleasant, physically fit, and neat in
running smoothly at places where people go to have fun.         540 employed                appearance. They also look for punctual and reliable workers. The ability to
                                                                $1,845                      work well with the public is very important.

                                                                                            OOH p. 596, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                          55
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Ushers and Ticket Takers Ticket takers collect tickets from       Opportunity average              Employers prefer applicants who are friendly, tactful, and well-groomed. While
those who attend entertainment events. Ushers help people         95 employed                      not required, a high school diploma or GED is preferred.
locate their seats.                                               $1,250
                                                                                                   OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                                  High School
Animal Caretakers Animal caretakers give care to animals at       Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer to hire people who have experience taking care of
shelters, zoos, kennels, pet shops, stables, aquariums, and       210 employed                     animals. Some require legible handwriting, clerical skills, and a high school
research labs.                                                    $1,585                           diploma or GED.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Casino Gaming Workers Casino gaming workers exchange              Opportunity above average        Casino employees must pass a thorough background security check. Most
money, monitor activities, or conduct games such as poker or      345 employed                     casinos require their workers to have a high school diploma or GED.
keno.                                                             $1,885
                                                                                                   OOH p. 391, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos275.htm
Childcare Workers Childcare workers supervise, care for, and      Opportunity excellent            Employers look for people who like working with children. They may require
teach children in day-care programs.                              1,950 employed                   applicants to have first aid and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) cards.
                                                                  $1,475
                                                                                                   OOH p. 328, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos170.htm
Flight Attendants Flight attendants keep airline passengers       Opportunity average              Most employers prefer applicants who have two or more years of college.
safe and comfortable.                                             270 employed                     Some employers hire flight attendants who have a high school diploma or GED
                                                                  $2,770                           and experience dealing with the public.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 331, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos171.htm
Funeral Attendants Funeral attendants assist mourners and         Opportunity data not available   Employers look for people with good communication skills. They also look for
funeral directors during wakes and funerals.                      Employment data not available    the ability to comfort people during difficult times. Employers may require a
                                                                  Earnings data not available      high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 597, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Manicurists Manicurists clean, shape, and polish clients’         Opportunity average              Employers look for manicurists who follow clients' instructions and enjoy
nails.                                                            55 employed                      dealing with the public. They also look for people who can communicate well
                                                                  $1,945                           with clients.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 326, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos169.htm
Personal and Home Care Aides Personal and home care               Opportunity excellent            Employers prefer applicants who like to help people and are willing to work
aides provide services to elderly, disabled, and ill clients so   1,490 employed                   hard. They look for aides who are responsible, emotionally stable, and
they can live in their own homes.                                 $1,850                           cheerful.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 335, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos173.htm
Recreation Guides Recreation guides organize and conduct          Opportunity below average        Guides need a general knowledge of the outdoors, and skills to do the specific
hunting, fishing, rafting, or similar trips in scenic and         560 employed                     type of outfitting or guiding service. Wilderness medical and survival training is
wilderness areas.                                                 Earnings data not available      helpful. A guide's license from the state is often required.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Recreation Workers Recreation workers organize and lead           Opportunity above average        For full-time, permanent jobs, most employers prefer applicants who have a
leisure activities.                                               570 employed                     bachelor's degree. Preferred areas of study include parks management,
                                                                  $1,715                           recreation, travel and tourism, or a related program.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 336, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos058.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                         56
                                                                Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Tour Guides Tour guides develop and oversee activities for      Opportunity excellent            Employers look for tour guides who are enthusiastic and interested in helping
groups of tourists or visitors.                                 560 employed                     others. They also look for people who can speak foreign languages and are
                                                                $2,045                           familiar with other cultures.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                    One Year Beyond High School
Barbers Barbers wash and cut customers' hair.                   Opportunity below average        Most employers require barbers to be licensed. Employers look for barbers
                                                                175 employed                     who have a pleasant manner and good grooming. They also look for
                                                                $1,855                           employees who enjoy working with people.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 326, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos169.htm
Hairstylists   and     Cosmetologists    Hairstylists  and      Opportunity average              Most employers require hairstylists and cosmetologists to be licensed. Some
cosmetologists wash, cut, color, perm, and style customers'     940 employed                     states may require applicants to pass physical exams. Other states require
hair. Cosmetologists also apply makeup.                         $2,115                           applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 326, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos169.htm
Massage Therapists Massage therapists manipulate soft           Opportunity above average        Credentials are important. Employers require properly trained individuals.
tissues of the body by stroking, rubbing, kneading, or          160 licensed                     National certification in therapeutic massage and body work is often
tapping. Massage therapy has a broad number of                  Earnings data not available      required. Certification recommended.
applications.
                                                                                                 OOH p. 597, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Professional Makeup Artists Professional makeup artists         Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire makeup artists with the skills and experience needed
prepare actors for performances on stage or in front of         940 employed                     for their production. Makeup artists demonstrate their skills through a portfolio.
cameras.                                                        $1,870
                                                                                                 OOH p. 326, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                   Two Years Beyond High School
Animal Trainers Animal trainers train animals to perform        Opportunity data not available   Employers look for applicants who have experience working with animals.
work, entertain, or serve as companions.                        Employment data not available    They also look for education or training beyond high school.
                                                                Earnings data not available
                                                                                                 OOH p. 324, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos168.htm
Embalmers Embalmers provide an important service in times       Opportunity data not available   Traditionally, funeral homes have been run as family businesses. At one time,
of sadness and loss. They make sure that a deceased body is     Employment data not available    embalmers might have needed a family connection to get hired.
cleaned, preserved and made presentable for funeral rites.      Earnings data not available
                                                                                                 OOH p. 58, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos011.htm
Hunting and Fishing Guides Hunting and fishing guides lead      Opportunity data not available   Employers look for workers who love the outdoors, show maturity, good
individuals and groups on expeditions. These workers provide    1,290 licensed                   judgment, and leadership capabilities. Most guides do not get formal education
professional guidance for people who wish to go on hunting      Earnings data not available      for this career.
and fishing expeditions.
                                                                                                 OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                  Four Years Beyond High School
Costume and Wardrobe Specialists Costume and wardrobe           Opportunity data not available   Most employers prefer to hire costume and wardrobe specialists who have at
specialists design outfits for actors. These costumes express   Employment data not available    least a high school diploma or GED. Most employers, however, look for
a certain time, place, or mood.                                 Earnings data not available      someone who has experience and success in the field.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 597, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                    Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                         57
                                                                    Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                            Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Residential Counselors Residential counselors care for the          Opportunity below average        Many employers look for residential counselors who have related work
people who live in their building. They may also maintain the       90 employed                      experience or education beyond high school. A bachelor's degree is not
building.                                                           $1,900                           required for this field.

                                                                                                     OOH p. , or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm


Production Occupations

                                                                   No Specific Educational Requirements
Cabinetmakers Cabinetmakers build cabinets and other items          Opportunity average              Most employers prefer applicants who have completed a training program in
that are made from wood.                                            110 employed                     woodworking. Some employers have applicants take an aptitude test.
                                                                    $2,430
                                                                                                     OOH p. 546, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos237.htm
Clothes Pressers Clothes pressers operate presses to                Opportunity below average        Employers often hire inexperienced workers and may not require a high school
remove wrinkles, flatten seams, and give shape to garments.         70 employed                      degree. However, they often prefer some previous work experience or
                                                                    $1,720                           vocational training.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 542, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Food Processing Workers Food processing workers prepare             Opportunity average              Few employers require food processing workers to have formal training. They
raw food items and combine ingredients to make food                 415 employed                     do, however, look for healthy applicants.
products.                                                           $1,480
                                                                                                     OOH p. 516, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos219.htm
Furniture Finishers Furniture finishers sand, stain, and finish    Opportunity data not available    Most employers prefer applicants who have at least a high school diploma or
new or repaired furniture.                                         Employment data not available     GED. Employers may prefer applicants who have some experience in
                                                                   Earnings data not available       construction or carpentry.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 546, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos237.htm
Glass Blowers Glass blowers create artistic or functional           Opportunity data not available   Many glass blowers are self-employed. For them, hiring is often related to
objects from glass.                                                 Employment data not available    resident artist programs. Committee members often select candidates by
                                                                    Earnings data not available      reviewing slides of their previous work.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 118, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Potters Potters create artistic or functional objects from clay.    Opportunity data not available   Many potters are self-employed. For them, hiring is often related to resident
                                                                    Employment data not available    artist programs. Committee members often select candidates by reviewing
                                                                    Earnings data not available      slides of their previous work.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 118, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Production Helpers Production helpers move items between            Opportunity average              Some employers require production helpers to be at least 18 years old. They
work areas or feed items into machines.                             215 employed                     may also require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
                                                                    $1,815
                                                                                                     OOH p. 413, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                                    High School
Airplane Assemblers Airplane assemblers fit and install             Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED. They
aircraft skins, frames, controls, and other systems.                Employment data not available    also look for applicants who have some training in mechanics, electronics, or
                                                                    Earnings data not available      manufacturing processes.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 514, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos217.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                      58
                                                                Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Chemical Equipment Operators Chemical equipment                 Opportunity data not available   Most employers require at least a high school diploma or GED. Applicants also
operators control equipment that processes chemicals.           Employment data not available    must be at least 18 years old.
                                                                Earnings data not available
                                                                                                 OOH p. 603, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Gas and Oil Plant Operators Gas and oil plant operators         Opportunity excellent            Most employers require operators to have at least a high school diploma or
control the refining process for crude oil or natural gas.      1,045 employed                   GED. They prefer to hire workers who have experience working at processing
                                                                $5,870                           plants.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 604, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Gem Cutters and Polishers Gem cutters and polishers             Opportunity average              Some employers prefer to hire applicants who have completed formal training
shape and polish gems used in jewelry or industrial tools.      125 employed                     programs. Others hire applicants who have completed correspondence
                                                                $2,480                           courses.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 552, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos222.htm
Laundry and Dry Cleaning Workers Laundry and dry                Opportunity average              Employers look for applicants who are dependable and who have the stamina
cleaning workers receive, clean, and press clothing and other   470 employed                     to perform the work.
articles.                                                       $1,655
                                                                                                 OOH p. 542, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos233.htm
Lens Grinders and Polishers Lens grinders and polishers         Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire lens grinders and polishers who have a high school
make lenses for eyeglasses and equipment such as                Employment data not available    diploma or GED. Employers look for people who have good manual dexterity.
telescopes.                                                     Earnings data not available
                                                                                                 OOH p. 554, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators Packaging and           Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
filling machine operators run machines to produce or wrap       350 employed                     They may also prefer applicants who have experience with small machine
products.                                                       $1,395                           repairs.
                                                                                                 OOH p. 604, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

Page Layout Workers Page layout workers format information      Opportunity average              Most employers prefer to hire page layout workers who have at least a high
so it will look nice when printed.                              55 employed                      school diploma or GED.
                                                                $2,550
                                                                                                 OOH p. 384, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos276.htm
Painting and Coating Machine Operators Painting and             Opportunity average              Some employers require machine operators to have a high school diploma or
coating machine operators set up and run machines that coat     Employment data not available    GED. Employers look for applicants who have keen eyesight and a good
or paint a wide variety of products.                            $3,525                           sense of color.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 556, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos240.htm
Photograph Processing Workers Photograph processing             Opportunity average              Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
workers develop film and make prints or slides.                 65 employed                      Employers also prefer applicants who have some experience in the field.
                                                                $1,790
                                                                                                 OOH p. 558, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos241.htm
Precision Assemblers Precision assemblers build complex         Opportunity data not available   Most employers prefer applicants with at least a high school diploma or GED.
products from manufactured parts.                               Employment data not available    Employers of electrical or electronic assemblers may require technical school.
                                                                Earnings data not available
                                                                                                 OOH p. 514, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos217.htm
Prepress Workers Prepress workers create printing plates        Opportunity average              Most employers prefer to hire prepress workers who have at least a high
that are used on printing presses.                              75 employed                      school diploma or GED. They look for applicants with good oral and written
                                                                $2,950                           communication skills.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 537, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos230.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                       59
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Quality Control Inspectors Quality control inspectors            Opportunity above average        Most employers prefer to hire quality control inspectors who have a high school
examine products to make sure they meet standards.               395 employed                     diploma or GED. Employers who need more complex inspecting hire
                                                                 $2,905                           experienced production workers.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 550, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos220.htm
Sawing Machine Operators Sawing machine operators run            Opportunity average              Machinery in this field is becoming more complex and operators often need
machines that turn logs into lumber.                             35 employed                      retraining. Therefore, employers prefer applicants with a high school diploma or
                                                                 $2,755                           GED.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 546, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos237.htm
Sewing Machine Operators Sewing machine operators run or         Opportunity below average
tend machines that join parts of garments and other items.                                        Some employers prefer applicants with a high school diploma or GED. Most
                                                                 105 employed
                                                                                                  employers prefer applicants who have previous sewing experience.
                                                                 $2,015

                                                                                                  OOH p. 542, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos233.htm
Shoe and Leather Workers Shoe and leather workers create         Opportunity data not available   Most employers require helpers to have a high school diploma or GED.
and repair products such as footwear, wallets, luggage, and      Employment data not available    Employers look for helpers who are in good health and have stamina.
saddles.                                                         Earnings data not available
                                                                                                  OOH p. 542, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos233.htm

Tailors Tailors construct, alter, or repair items of clothing.   Opportunity average              Retail employers prefer to hire tailors who have work experience in making or
                                                                 45 employed                      altering apparel. Laundries and dry cleaners also prefer applicants with
                                                                 Earnings data not available      previous experience.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 542, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos233.htm
Textile Machine Operators Textile machine operators run          Opportunity below average        Some employers prefer applicants who have formal technical training. Most
machines that make products from fibers.                         20 employed                      employers require a high school diploma or GED.
                                                                 Earnings data not available
                                                                                                  OOH p. 542, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos233.htm
Tire Building Machine Operators Tire building machine            Opportunity data not available   Employers may require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
operators run machines that make tires.                          Employment data not available    Employers look for people who have some aptitude for working with machines
                                                                 Earnings data not available      and tools.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 605, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Vehicle Painters Vehicle painters prepare and paint cars,        Opportunity average              Most employers require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
trucks, airplanes, farm equipment, and other vehicles.           60 employed                      Employers also prefer applicants who have taken courses in vehicle painting.
                                                                 $3,435
                                                                                                  OOH p. 556, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos240.htm

                                                                      One Year Beyond High School
Bakers Bakers mix and bake ingredients to produce breads,        Opportunity above average        Employers may prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
pastries, and other baked goods.                                 375 employed                     Employers may also prefer applicants who have food handling and preparation
                                                                 $2,215                           experience.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 516, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos219.htm
Bookbinders and Bindery Workers Bookbinders and bindery          Opportunity average              Employers prefer to hire applicants who have at least a high school diploma or
workers cut and glue parts or run machines to bind new books     Employment data not available    GED. They also look for applicants who have experience.
or magazines.                                                    $2,145
                                                                                                  OOH p. 535, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos232.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                      60
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Dental Laboratory Technicians Dental laboratory technicians      Opportunity average              Hiring practices vary by employer. Some employers like to train technicians in
make and repair dentures, crowns, and bridges.                   40 employed                      their own techniques and procedures. These employers may prefer to hire
                                                                 $3,410                           technicians with little or no formal training.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 548, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos238.htm
Jewelers Jewelers design, make, and repair rings, necklaces,     Opportunity average              Most employers prefer to hire applicants who have formal training. They prefer
earrings, and other jewelry.                                     125 employed                     graduates of technical school or college programs in jewelry making and
                                                                 $2,480                           design.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 552, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos222.htm
Meat Cutters Meat cutters convert animal carcasses into          Butcher:                         Employers prefer to hire trainees who are good with their hands and have good
pieces of meat for sale to consumers.                            Opportunity above average        hand-eye coordination. Good depth perception and color discrimination are
                                                                 310 employed                     also important.
                                                                 $2,860
                                                                 Meat Trimmer:                    OOH p. 516, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos219.htm
                                                                 Opportunity above average
                                                                 3,510 employed
                                                                 $1,580
Metal and Plastic Processing Workers Metal and plastic           Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire applicants who have good basic skills. These skills
processing workers set up and operate machines that produce      Employment data not available    include reading, writing, and speaking English. Many employers require
products.                                                        Earnings data not available      employees to have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 523, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos224.htm
Numerical Control Machine Operators Numerical control            Opportunity data not available   Although no special education is required, employers prefer to hire workers
machine operators set up and tend computerized machine           Employment data not available    who have good basic skills. Many employers require employees to have a high
tools. These machines are programmed to cut and shape            Earnings data not available      school diploma or GED.
parts made of metal or plastic.
                                                                                                  OOH p. 519, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos286.htm
Printing Press Operators Printing press operators set up,        Opportunity below average        Most employers require press operators to have a high school diploma or GED.
operate, and maintain printing presses.                          190 employed                     Advances in printing technology are changing what employers look for in
                                                                 $3,275                           employees.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 540, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos231.htm
Semiconductor Processing Operators Semiconductor                 Opportunity data not available   Employers require that operators have a high school diploma or GED. They
processing operators make wafers and microcircuits. These        Employment data not available    also prefer applicants who have taken courses in the physical sciences and
parts do the thinking for computers and other digital devices.   Earnings data not available      math.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 560, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos257.htm
Tool Grinders Tool grinders operate machines that shape or       Opportunity data not available   Most employers require tool grinders to have at least a high school diploma or
grind pieces of metal to specific sizes.                         Employment data not available    GED. They prefer to hire applicants who have taken courses in mechanical
                                                                 Earnings data not available      drawing, math, and blueprint reading.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 523, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos224.htm
Upholsterers Upholsterers install springs, padding, and fabric   Opportunity below average        Employers look for people with some knowledge of upholstery. Many
on new and used furniture.                                       35 employed                      employers require that upholsterers have a high school diploma or GED.
                                                                 $2,535
                                                                                                  OOH p. 542, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos233.htm
                                                                   Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     61
                                                                   Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                           Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Water Treatment Plant Operators Water treatment plant              Opportunity above average        Most employers require plant operators to have at least a high school diploma
operators treat water so that it is safe to drink. Wastewater      585 employed                     or GED. Most prefer applicants who are competent in math, chemistry, and
treatment plant operators remove pollutants from wastewater        $3,775                           biology. Basic knowledge of computers is also usually necessary.
so it is safe to return to the environment.
                                                                                                    OOH p. 533, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos229.htm
Welders and Solderers Welders and solderers use heat to            Opportunity above average        Employers prefer applicants who have welding or soldering experience or
permanently join pieces of metal.                                  780 employed                     training. They look for people who have good eyesight, hand-eye coordination,
                                                                   $3,715                           and manual dexterity.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 528, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos226.htm
Welding and Soldering Machine Operators Welding and                Opportunity data not available   Some employers prefer applicants who have knowledge of computers. This is
soldering machine operators run machines that join pieces of       Employment data not available    because some machine operators program computer-controlled machinery.
metal.                                                             Earnings data not available
                                                                                                    OOH p. 528, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos226.htm
Woodworking Machine Operators Woodworking machine                  Opportunity average              Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
operators cut and shape raw wood to make products.                 25 employed                      Employers also look for applicants with good hand-eye coordination.
                                                                   $2,710
                                                                                                    OOH p. 546, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos237.htm

                                                                      Two Years Beyond High School
Chemical Plant Operators Chemical plant operators run the          Opportunity below average        Employers look for workers who have a high school diploma or GED. They
machines and control the processes used when making                90 employed                      may also look for workers who have experience in working at chemical plants.
chemicals.                                                         Earnings data not available
                                                                                                    OOH p. 603, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Machinists Machinists use machine tools to produce precision       Opportunity above average        Employers look for applicants who have mechanical ability and can work
metal parts.                                                       265 employed                     independently. Employers often prefer skilled machinists or those with
                                                                   $3,640                           technical school training.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 521, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos223.htm
Medical    Appliance Technicians Medical appliance                 Opportunity data not available   Employers require at least a high school diploma or GED. They prefer to hire
technicians build, fit, and repair artificial limbs, braces, and   Employment data not available    trainees who have taken high school classes in shop, geometry, and algebra.
supports.                                                          Earnings data not available
                                                                                                    OOH p. 604, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Numerical Control Tool Programmers Numerical control tool          Opportunity data not available   Most employers require tool programmers to have a high school diploma or
programmers write programs that control machine tools.             Employment data not available    GED. They prefer to hire programmers who have completed a formal training
                                                                   Earnings data not available      program.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 519, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos286.htm
Power Plant Operators Power plant operators control the            Opportunity above average        Employers seek high school graduates for entry-level jobs. They prefer
machinery that makes electricity. They also control the flow of    255 employed                     applicants who have strong math and science skills. College courses or
power over the lines.                                              $5,130                           experience in mechanical or technical jobs may be helpful.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 530, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos227.htm
Stationary Engineers Stationary engineers operate and              Opportunity average              Employers usually require stationary engineers to have a high school diploma
maintain large equipment such as steam engines and                 140 employed                     or GED. They may also require a license and previous experience operating
generators.                                                        $4,555                           and maintaining equipment.

                                                                                                    OOH p. 531, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos228.htm
                                                                    Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                       62
                                                                    Alaska Employment                 Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                            Average Pay                       Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Tool and Die Makers Tool and die makers produce tools,              Opportunity data not available    Employers prefer to hire tool and die makers who have completed a training
dies, and special devices that enable machines to make              Employment data not available     program. Training may have been an apprenticeship or a program at a
products.                                                           Earnings data not available       community college or vocational school.

                                                                                                      OOH p. 526, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos225.htm
                                                                      Four Years Beyond High School
Blue-Collar Worker Supervisors Blue-collar worker                   Construction and Extraction       Employers look for applicants who have experience and job knowledge. They
supervisors direct, help, and train workers in physically active    Supervisors:                      also look for organizational skills and leadership qualities.
jobs.                                                               Opportunity excellent
                                                                    2,095 employed                    OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                    $5,300
                                                                    Mechanics, Installers, and
                                                                    Repairers Supervisors:
                                                                    Opportunity above average
                                                                    1,160 employed
                                                                    $5,360
                                                                    Production and Operations
                                                                    Supervisors:
                                                                    Opportunity average
                                                                    850 employed
                                                                    $4,190
                                                                    Helpers, Laborers, and Material
                                                                    Movers Supervisors:
                                                                    Opportunity excellent
                                                                    385 employed
                                                                    $3,225
                                                                    Transportation & Material
                                                                    Moving Machine Operators
                                                                    Supervisors:
                                                                    Opportunity above average
                                                                    595 employed
                                                                    $4,465


Protective Service Occupations

                                                                   No Specific Educational Requirements
Crossing Guards Crossing guards direct the movement of              Opportunity average               Most employers require applicants to be at least 18 years old. Many
walkers and drivers at street intersections and construction        470 employed                      employers also require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
sites.                                                              Earnings data not available
                                                                                                      OOH p. 597, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                                     High School
Animal Control Workers Animal control workers enforce               Opportunity average               Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED. A
animal control laws.                                                50 employed                       driver's license and good driving record are required.
                                                                    $2,785
                                                                                                      OOH p. 597, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                    Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                         63
                                                                    Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                            Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Bailiffs Bailiffs enforce the rules of behavior in courtrooms.      Opportunity below average        Employers require bailiffs to have a high school diploma or GED. They may
                                                                    35 employed                      also require applicants to pass a background check or drug-screening test.
                                                                    Earnings data not available
                                                                                                     OOH p. 339, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos156.htm
Corrections Officers Corrections officers keep order and            Opportunity above average         Most employers require that corrections officers be at least 18 years old, be a
enforce rules in jails and prisons.                                 850 employed                     United States citizen, and have no felony convictions. Employers also require
                                                                    $3,510                           at least a high school diploma or GED, but often prefer applicants with some
                                                                                                     college.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 339, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos156.htm
Fire Fighters Fire fighters put out fires and rescue people         Opportunity excellent            Applicants for firefighter jobs must pass a written exam and tests of physical
who are in danger.                                                  3,115 employed                   strength, stamina, and agility. Exams are generally open to people who are at
                                                                    $2,150                           least 18 years of age and have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 341, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos158.htm
Life Guards and Ski Patrollers Life guards and ski patrollers       Opportunity data not available   Some employers require applicants to have a high school diploma or GED.
monitor recreational areas, such as lakes and ski runs. They        Employment data not available    Life guards must be at least 15 years old and have CPR and life guard
rescue people and provide first aid when needed.                    Earnings data not available      certifications.

                                                                                                     OOH p. , or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Parking Enforcement Officers Parking enforcement officers           Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer parking enforcement officers to have at least a high school
check cars parked in metered and limited-time spaces. They          Employment data not available    diploma or GED. Employers often recruit from police academies.
leave tickets on cars parked over the time limit.                   Earnings data not available
                                                                                                     OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Police Patrol Officers Police patrol officers keep order in their   Opportunity excellent            Employers require police officers to be U.S. citizens, to be at least 21 years of
communities and make sure that people follow laws.                  1,250 employed                   age, and to have a high school diploma or GED. Federal and state agencies
                                                                    $4,580                           prefer applicants who have a college degree.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 344, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos160.htm
Security Guards Security guards protect property from illegal       Opportunity excellent            Most employers require guards to be licensed. Guards must be at least 18
entry, vandalism, theft, and fire.                                  2,020 employed                   years old. For armed guards, employers prefer individuals who have a high
                                                                    $2,255                           school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 350, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos159.htm

                                                                        One Year Beyond High School
Village Public Safety Officers Village public safety officers       Opportunity data not available   Applicants are usually residents of the area to be served, at least 21 years
(VPSOs)* provide small communities in rural Alaska with a           Employment data not available    old, have no felony convictions and no misdemeanor convictions in the
first response of law enforcement, fire fighting, emergency         Earnings data not available      last five years.
medical care, and search and rescue services.
                                                                                                     OOH p. 344, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos160.htm

                                                                       Two Years Beyond High School
Fire Inspectors Fire inspectors inspect buildings to detect fire    Opportunity below average        Applicants for firefighter jobs must pass a written exam and tests of physical
hazards.                                                            30 employed                      strength, stamina, and agility. Exams are generally open to people who are at
                                                                    $5,165                           least 18 years of age and have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                     OOH p. 341, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos158.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                        64
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Fire Investigators Fire investigators determine the origin and    Opportunity below average        Applicants for firefighter jobs must pass a written exam and tests of physical
causes of fires.                                                  30 employed                      strength, stamina, and agility. Exams are generally open to people who are at
                                                                  $5,165                           least 18 years of age and have a high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 341, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos158.htm
Sheriffs Sheriffs and deputy sheriffs enforce the law at the      Opportunity data not available   Sheriffs' departments require physical exams that often include tests of vision,
county level. There are no sheriffs in Alaska.          Law       Employment data not available    hearing, strength, and agility. Most departments also give psychological
enforcement duties are performed by troopers, municipal           Earnings data not available      interviews, drug tests, and background check.
police, and Village Public Safety Officers (VPSO’s).
                                                                                                   OOH p. 344, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos160.htm

                                                                    Four Years Beyond High School
Fish and Game Wardens Fish and game wardens enforce               Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire applicants who have at least two years of college.
the laws that protect fish and wildlife.                          Employment data not available    They may accept three years of related work experience instead of a degree.
                                                                  Earnings data not available
                                                                                                   OOH p. 344, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Detectives and Criminal Investigators           Detectives and    Opportunity above average        Most employers require detectives and investigators to be U.S. citizens and at
investigators gather facts and evidence for criminal cases.       180 employed                     least 20 years of age. Applicants must have at least a high school diploma or
                                                                  $4,810                           GED.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 344, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos160.htm
Private Detectives and Investigators Private detectives and       Opportunity above average        Most employers look for individuals who are clever and resourceful. They must
investigators assist lawyers, businesses, and the public with a   30 employed                      be able to think of different ways to find information. They also look for people
variety of cases.                                                 Earnings data not available      who are persistent and assertive.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 348, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos157.htm

                                                                     More than Four Years Post High
Coroners Coroners work to find the cause of deaths that are       Opportunity average              Coroners are public officials who may be elected or appointed. Laws and
accidental, violent, or unexplained.                              670 employed                     statutes vary in local areas. In some areas coroners may be required to be
                                                                  $4,075                           physicians.

                                                                                                   OOH p. , or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm


Sales Occupations

                                                                                  High School
Cashiers Cashiers ring up sales and receive payments for          Opportunity excellent            Some employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma, especially
merchandise.                                                      6,720 employed                   for full-time jobs. Some prefer cashiers with business experience, such as
                                                                  $1,615                           typing, selling, or handling money.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 353, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos116.htm
Counter and Rental Clerks Counter and rental clerks rent          Opportunity excellent            Employers prefer applicants who enjoy working with people and can deal
items such as tools or vehicles to customers.                     1,670 employed                   tactfully with difficult customers. They also look for applicants who can handle
                                                                  $1,405                           several tasks at once while providing friendly service.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 354, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos117.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                 65
                                                                Alaska Employment           Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                 Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Demonstrators and Promoters        Demonstrators and            Opportunity above average   Employers look for demonstrators who have good communication skills and a
promoters show how products work and answer questions           270 employed                pleasant appearance. They look for people who are comfortable with public
about them.                                                     $1,710                      speaking.

                                                                                            OOH p. 356, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos253.htm
Real Estate Agents Real estate agents help clients buy, sell,   Opportunity above average   When hiring beginning agents, employers prefer applicants who have a
or lease land or property.                                      1,775 employed              bachelor's degree. However, personality traits are just as important as
                                                                $4,285                      academic background.

                                                                                            OOH p. 362, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos120.htm
Retail Salespeople Retail salespeople help customers find       Opportunity excellent       Employers generally prefer to hire retail salespeople who have a high school
items in stores. They try to convince customers to buy those    8,475 employed              diploma or GED. Some employers prefer salespeople who speak more than
items.                                                          $1,815                      one language.

                                                                                            OOH p. 364, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos121.htm

                                                                    One Year Beyond High School
Parts Salespeople       Parts salespeople sell parts and        Opportunity average         Most employers prefer to hire parts salespeople who have a high school
equipment in repair shops or parts stores.                      565 employed                diploma or GED. They also prefer to hire applicants who have knowledge
                                                                $2,330                      about parts and their functions.

                                                                                            OOH p. 599, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Sales Representatives Sales representatives sell products to    Opportunity excellent       Many employers prefer to hire applicants who have a college degree.
manufacturers, businesses, and many other types of clients.     1,780 employed              Employers whose firms sell industrial products may prefer applicants with a
                                                                $3,815                      degree in science or engineering.

                                                                                            OOH p. 368, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos119.htm
Travel Agents Travel agents plan trips and make travel          Opportunity below average   Most employers require travel agents to have at least a high school diploma or
arrangements for their clients.                                 395 employed                GED. They prefer applicants who have at least one year of experience or have
                                                                $2,205                      completed travel agent training.

                                                                                            OOH p. 376, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos124.htm

                                                                   Two Years Beyond High School
Sales Worker Supervisors Sales worker supervisors direct        Opportunity excellent       Employers prefer applicants who have experience in retail sales. Some
and manage salespeople.       They also keep track of           3,400 employed              employers prefer applicants who have a bachelor's degree.
merchandise and help customers.                                 $2,680
                                                                                            OOH p. 371, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos025.htm

                                                                  Four Years Beyond High School
Advertising Salespeople Advertising salespeople sell air        Opportunity average         Most employers look for applicants who have a high degree of initiative and
time on radio and TV stations. They also sell page space in     285 employed                some sales experience. Many employers require a college degree. The
newspapers and magazines.                                       $2,855                      minimum education requirement is a high school diploma.

                                                                                            OOH p. 598, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                       66
                                                                Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Insurance Agents Insurance agents sell policies that provide    Opportunity above average        Most insurance companies look for agents who have a bachelor's degree in
financial protection in case of death, accidents, or acts of    750 employed                     insurance, business, or economics. They also look for insurance agents who
nature.                                                         $2,880                           are licensed.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 359, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos118.htm
Securities Salespeople Securities salespeople buy and sell      Opportunity average              Many employers require a college degree. However, they often consider
securities or offer financial services.                         150 employed                     personal qualities more than specific college training. Employers seek
                                                                $5,635                           applicants with strong sales ability and good people skills.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 373, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos122.htm



Transportation and Material Moving Occupations

                                                               No Specific Educational Requirements
Deckhands Deckhands help operate and maintain ships and         Opportunity excellent            Employers require deck hands who operate vessels on oceans to have or be
their equipment.                                                580 employed                     eligible for a merchant mariner document (MMD). This certificate is available
                                                                $2,975                           through the U.S. Coast Guard.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 428, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos177.htm
Freight Handlers Freight handlers move materials from one       Opportunity excellent            Employers often require that workers be 18 years of age or older. They may
spot to another, such as into and out of trucks.                4,320 employed                   also require applicants to pass background checks, physical exams, and drug
                                                                $2,135                           tests.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Packers and Packagers Packers and packagers prepare             Opportunity above average        Employers usually require workers to be at least 18 years-of-age. Some
materials for shipping.                                         950 employed                     employers require packers and packagers to have a high school diploma or
                                                                $1,335                           GED.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Parking Lot Attendants Parking lot attendants park cars in      Opportunity average              Employers may prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED.
lots and garages, or assist customers in parking cars.          80 employed                      They may also prefer to hire those who are at least 18 years old.
                                                                $1,595
                                                                                                 OOH p. 605, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Service Station Attendants Service station attendants sell      Opportunity above average        Few employers require special training or background for service station
fuel and clean windshields.   They also provide basic           510 employed                     attendants. However, most employers prefer applicants who have a high
automotive services.                                            $1,595                           school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 606, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                                High School
Ambulance Drivers Ambulance drivers drive ambulances to         Opportunity data not available   Ambulance drivers must have a valid driver’s license and a good driving
move patients who are sick, injured, or recovering.             Employment data not available    record. Some employers require emergency medical technician (EMT)
                                                                Earnings data not available      certification.

                                                                                                 OOH p. 605, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
                                                                  Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                           67
                                                                  Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                          Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Bus Drivers Bus drivers operate motor vehicles that move          Opportunity excellent            Inter-city and public transit companies prefer applicants who are at least 24
people from one place to another.                                 715 employed                     years old. They may also require previous bus or truck driving experience.
                                                                  $1,995
                                                                                                   OOH p. 570, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos242.htm
Forklift Operators Forklift operators use tractors to lift and    Opportunity excellent            Employers prefer forklift operators with a high school diploma or GED. They
move heavy loads of materials.                                    650 employed                     also look for operators with good balance, and eye-hand-foot coordination.
                                                                  $2,455
                                                                                                   OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Heavy Truck Drivers Heavy truck drivers drive large trucks or     Opportunity excellent            Many employers require applicants to be at least 25 years of age and have a
tractor-trailers to transport goods and materials.                2,890 employed                   commercial driver's license. Employers prefer applicants who have at least a
                                                                  $3,295                           high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 576, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos246.htm
Light Truck Drivers Light truck drivers drive small trucks to     Opportunity excellent            Many employers require applicants to be at least 25 years of age and have a
transport people, goods, or materials.                            2,045 employed                   commercial driver's license. Employers prefer applicants who have at least a
                                                                  $2,350                           high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 576, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos246.htm
Pump Operators Pump operators control the transport of oil        Opportunity below average        Most employers require pump operators to have a high school diploma or
and natural gas between wells and storage tanks.                  235 employed                     GED.
                                                                  $5,870                           Employers look for applicants who can physically do the job.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Route Salespeople Route salespeople drive trucks to sell and      Opportunity excellent            Many employers require applicants to be at least 25 years of age and have a
deliver products or services to customers.                        895 employed                     commercial driver's license. Employers prefer applicants who have at least a
                                                                  $1,725                           high school diploma or GED.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 576, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos246.htm
School Bus Drivers School bus drivers transport elementary,       Opportunity average              Employers require school bus drivers to have a high school diploma or GED.
middle, and high school students to and from school.              1,105 employed                   They also require drivers to be at least 18 years old and have a commercial
                                                                  Earnings data not available      driver’s license (CDL).

                                                                                                   OOH p. 570, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos242.htm
Ship Captains and Mates Ship captains and mates direct and        Opportunity excellent            Employers require ship captains and mates to be licensed. They hire
navigate all kinds of ships.                                      465 employed                     applicants who are licensed for the position as well as the type of craft they
                                                                  $4,415                           operate.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 582, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos247.htm
Ship Pilots Ship pilots navigate ships through channels,          Opportunity excellent            Employers require ship pilots to be licensed. They hire applicants who are
harbors, or other difficult waterways.                            465 employed                     licensed for the territory they operate within as well as the type of craft they
                                                                  $4,415                           drive.

                                                                                                   OOH p. 582, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos247.htm
Subway and Streetcar Operators Subway operators drive             Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED. Many
commuter trains that run below city streets.          Streetcar   Employment data not available    transit firms require experience driving a bus before they hire and train people
operators drive electric-powered trains that move on tracks set   Earnings data not available      to drive subway trains and streetcars.
into streets.
                                                                                                   OOH p. 579, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos244.htm
                                                                Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                     68
                                                                Alaska Employment             Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                        Average Pay                   Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders Tank car, truck, and ship     Opportunity above average     Most employers require loaders to have at least a high school diploma or GED.
loaders pump liquids from storage tanks to vehicles.            35 employed                   Employers prefer applicants who have mechanical aptitude. They look for
                                                                $4,240                        applicants who have experience repairing cars or machinery.

                                                                                              OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs Taxi drivers and chauffeurs         Opportunity above average     Employers may have age minimums and may also require a high school
transport passengers to and from their homes, workplaces,       395 employed                  diploma or GED. Many employers require good driving records.
and other locations.                                            $1,685
                                                                                              OOH p. 573, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos245.htm
Train Conductors and Yardmasters Conductors coordinate          Opportunity average           These are not entry-level jobs. Conductors and yardmasters nearly always
and supervise rail travel of passengers and freight.            105 employed                  begin in other railroad occupations. They often do railroad yard labor and rail
Yardmasters move trains in yards and see that they come and     Earnings data not available   freight work before they ever work on a passenger train crew.
go safely with the right cars attached.
                                                                                              OOH p. 579, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos244.htm
Train Crew Members Train crew members attach and remove         Opportunity below average     Employers prefer applicants who have a high school diploma or GED. Some
rail cars from trains. They also assist passengers on trains.   35 employed                   employers require an associate degree or two years of work experience
                                                                Earnings data not available   beyond high school. Employers require that applicants be at least 18 years
                                                                                              old.

                                                                                              OOH p. 579, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos244.htm
Trash Collectors Trash collectors collect garbage and           Opportunity above average     Some employers require trash collectors to have a high school diploma or
transport it to dumps or landfills.                             440 employed                  GED. Most employers require trash collectors to be 18 years old and
                                                                $2,360                        physically fit. They also require drivers to have a clean driving record.

                                                                                              OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Vehicle Cleaners Vehicle cleaners clean vehicles, machinery,    Opportunity above average     Employers may prefer people who are at least 16 years old and have a high
and other types of equipment.                                   845 employed                  school diploma or GED. Applicants should be physically able to perform the
                                                                $1,600                        work.

                                                                                              OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm

                                                                    One Year Beyond High School
Locomotive Engineers Locomotive engineers run trains that       Opportunity average           Locomotive engineers must be at least 21 years old. They must have good
carry cargo and passengers.                                     60 employed                   hearing, eyesight, and color vision. They must pass a physical exam and drug
                                                                Earnings data not available   and alcohol screening.

                                                                                              OOH p. 579, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos244.htm
Material Moving Machine Operators Material moving               Opportunity above average     Most employers require that operators have a high school diploma or GED.
machine operators use machines to move earth, mining            210 employed                  Employers also look for operators with good hand-eye coordination and
products, and other heavy loads.                                Earnings data not available   mechanical aptitude.

                                                                                              OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Train Yard Workers Train yard workers take care of railroad     Opportunity below average     Employers prefer to hire workers who have a high school diploma or GED.
tracks and equipment. They put rail cars together for the       35 employed                   Employers also look for workers who have good hearing, eyesight, and color
transport of passengers and freight.                            Earnings data not available   vision.

                                                                                              OOH p. 579, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos244.htm
                                                                 Job Outlook in Alaska                                                                                            69
                                                                 Alaska Employment                Hiring Practices
Occupational Description                                         Average Pay                      Additional Information in Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 ed.

Transportation Inspectors Transportation inspectors enforce      Opportunity above average        Most employers require work experience in one area of transportation and a
safety rules that protect people and cargo. They inspect         280 employed                     bachelor's degree. Some federal government inspector jobs require that
equipment and services and investigate accidents.                $5,065                           applicants pass the Professional and Administrative Career Exam (PACE).

                                                                                                  OOH p. 606, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                   Four Years Beyond High School
Air Traffic Controllers Air traffic controllers coordinate air   Opportunity above average        With few exceptions, the only employer in this occupation is the Federal
flights to make sure that pilots and passengers travel safely.   510 employed                     Aviation Administration (FAA). For tower and center jobs, applicants must be
                                                                 $5,780                           30 or younger.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 565, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos108.htm
Airplane Pilots Airplane pilots fly aircraft used to transport   Opportunity excellent            Pilots must have a license to get a job. Employers look for applicants who
people and cargo.                                                1,455 employed                   have experience in the type of aircraft they will fly. Most airlines require pilots
                                                                 $5,015                           to have at least an associate's degree.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 562, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos107.htm
Crane and Tower Operators Crane and tower operators use          Opportunity above average        Most employers require that operators have a high school diploma or GED.
machinery to lift and move heavy loads.                          65 employed                      Employers also look for operators who have good hand-eye coordination and
                                                                 $4,665                           mechanical aptitude.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Hoist and Winch Operators Hoist and winch operators              Opportunity data not available   Hoist and winch operators, like other material movers, often get jobs through
control cables, cages, and platforms used to move materials      Employment data not available    unions. Connections can be made through the International Union of Operating
from place to place on a job site or in a factory.               Earnings data not available      Engineers. Members of the union work as apprentices for three years.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 568, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos243.htm
Traffic Technicians Traffic technicians gather and analyze       Opportunity data not available   Employers prefer to hire traffic technicians who have a high school diploma or
information about traffic conditions.                            Employment data not available    GED. Some employers require two years of experience or an associate
                                                                 Earnings data not available      degree.

                                                                                                  OOH p. 606, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm

                                                                    More than Four Years Post High
Movie and Stage Grips Movie and stage grips adjust and           Opportunity excellent            Many employers require grips to have a high school diploma or GED. While
maintain the equipment on production sets.                       4,320 employed                   not required, they prefer to hire applicants who have experience in
                                                                 $2,135                           construction.

                                                                                                  OOH p. , or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/oco2005.htm
Ship Engineers Ship engineers operate engines and other          Opportunity above average        Employers prefer to hire applicants who have technical skills, experience, and
equipment on many types of ships.                                190 employed                     an engineering officer's license.
                                                                 $3,955
                                                                                                  OOH p. 582, or Internet: http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos247.htm