Dr Tim Williams - Regeneration i

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Dr Tim Williams - Regeneration i Powered By Docstoc
					Regeneration in England – Thames

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Regeneration in England – High Street 2012

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Regeneration in England – London

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Regeneration in England – Stratford

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Regeneration in England – Canary Wharf

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Regeneration in England – Leeds City

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Regeneration in England – Barking Town

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Up to the minute schools have been built
Beddau to Cardiff
                              Wales now…
 1999 WAG GVA aim:             Wales vs UK average GVA since 1995
    Increase Welsh GVA
    from 80% to 90% of UK
    average by 2009
       Abandoned
   GVA now 74.4% of UK
   Worst performing
    region in UK
   All but 7 county
    boroughs qualify for EU
    structural fund support
    (less than 78.8% of
    EU25 average GVA)

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Regeneration in Wales – Cardiff Bay

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Worklessness - the picture in some wards
 Ward             Benefits Claimants

                  Total                % Residents of working-age

 Gilfach Coch     770                  36.8%
 Maerdy           865                  44.1%
 Pen-y-waun       855                  46.9%
 Tylorstown       1,125                43.3%
 Gurnos           1,360                46.7%
 Aberbargoed      800                  37.5%
 Twyn Carno       645                  43.8%
 Great Britain    -                    15.7%

                                                          Page 13
Workshop: Scenarios to consider

  Dr. Tim Williams, Managing Director, Navigant Consulting


                                                         Page 14
                    Scenario 1: Former industrial
Former 19th Century boomtown
20th Century: Core employment prospects withered, inaccessible employment centres
Any Valleys community in the former coalfield and particularly the dispersed semi rural
social housing estates
 Low skilled, working class population shrunk by 40-50% since 1920s peak
 Worklessness / disability over 40% in overall area, with pockets of 60% in social housing
 Multiple deprivation
 Population unbalanced with many children under 18, and older people over 65, but a
missing ‘middle’
 Single parent families constitute high proportion of households
 Very little population churn though the aspirational and those who can leave, do leave.
 Very little demand to live in the area
 Low educational attainment in sink school with declining pupil numbers
 High anti-social behaviour
 Social exclusion and little or no social mobility over 4 generations
 Perfect conditions for creating NEETS
 Quite high bonding but low bridging capital
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   Scenario 1: Questions to consider

What can and should schools do in these circumstances?

 Provide what kind of education?

 Play what kind of role in the community?

 How should schools work with other public services?

 What would a breakthrough / game changing look like here?

 Is such a thing possible?

                                                              Page 16
     Scenario 2: Social housing estate in
inner area of economically successful city
 All indices show same level of deprivation as Scenario 1 with two big differences:
accessible labour markets and serious population churn
 As individuals or families get more success (educational attainment, skills, new job,
higher pay, car), or are able to move to achieve what they want (grow their family, buy a
family house, better school, better/suburban environment), they ‘get out to go up’
 Continued area failure/dysfunction/problems in school performance hide individual
social mobility success story
 Churn means the successful and those that can leave do – in some primary schools in
East London churn is over 40%/year.
 Apart from communities such as Bangladeshis who have cultural reasons for staying
together in an area, there are far fewer multi-generational workless households in such
areas and a far less stable population
 The parting population are replaced by other deprived people, and so the cycle
 Such areas may have lower bonding capital but higher bridging capital
 They create or enable dynamism but for export
                                                                                    Page 17
  Scenario 2: Questions to consider

What can and should schools do in these circumstances?

 Provide what kind of education?

 Play what kind of role in the community?

 How should schools work with other public services?

 What would a breakthrough/game changing look like here?

 Is such a thing possible?

                                                            Page 18
               The Regeneration Conundrum
The objective is to create successful, balanced communities and neighbourhoods of
choice: neighbourhoods where people don’t have to live but choose to do so

 In Scenario 1 the area chooses the community
      Residential sorting by market failure and public policy has concentrated poor
     people in failed places and multiple deprivation grows generation by generation
      This is like a run down hotel you check into but never check out
 In Scenario 2 you check out but other poor people check in


 Regeneration requires both People and Place to achieve transformation – how
attainable is that goal?

 What interventions and policy are required to achieve it?

 And what role can education or the schools play?

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      Scenario 3: Inner area in Northern
   English city with massive housing and
          commercial investment
 Investment has been in an area with high social housing and worklessness
 Mostly one and two bedroomed flats built
 New population of young professionals with no families attracted to the area
 Every three years the flats churn over and hew young professionals with no
children arrive
 They access the new jobs in the local commercial quarter
 Little interaction with the local estates and schools see no influx of children
from the new developments
 Over time the occupants of the new flats can no longer access jobs in the
commercial quarter (taken by those who used to live there and moved to family
housing in suburbs and drive to work).
 Owner occupation of the flats decline and buy to let private renters take their
place, often on benefits.
 Worklessness in the area grows.
                                                                            Page 20
          Scenario 3: Question to consider

Has the school any role to play in this all too plausible scenario?

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         Scenario 4: Good school but… (1)

Pontypandy primary school has excellent examination results

 70% of children aged 11 reach or exceed the expected standards
in literacy and numeracy

 This is a good school

 However, research (not carried out by the school) shows that of
the 30% who failed (mostly boys), 90% came from one
neighbourhood or estate – indeed from four streets.

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Scenario 4: Good school but… (2)

                         Of the 30% of children
                         that do not achieve a pass
                         in Key Stage 2, it is found
                         that       they         live
                         concentrated over a small
        Pontypandy       area
        Primary School

                         The remaining 70% who
                         do achieve a pass live
                         over a much wider area

                                            Page 23
         Scenario 4: Questions to consider

 Do schools even collect this data?

 What should they do about such a finding?

 How should they work with other agencies to change outcomes?

 Can this be done?

                                                         Page 24
“The overall ambition of the host boroughs, shared by the Mayor and Government, is to achieve
convergence in quality of life with the London average across a range of key indicators. The GLA
and its functional bodies will take account of this ambition in the development and
implementation of all strategies, plans and business plans.”
Consultation draft replacement London plan – Oct 2009
              Case Study – North Solihull

 Communities in 5% and 10% most
  deprived for education, skills,
  employment and income (IMD 2004)
 Child born in North Solihull today will
  die 7 years earlier than a child born in
  the south of the Borough
 Smith's Wood in worst 5% for crime
  (IMD 2004)
 Little ethnic mix; lone parents; second
  and third generation worklessness;
  48% no qualifications
 NS not eligible for NRF (now WNF)
  because severe deprivation is masked
  by district-wide scores
The 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, their infrastructure and investment have created the most
important strategic regeneration opportunities in London for the next 25 years. Successful, viable and
sustainable regeneration of the Olympic Park and its surrounding areas is the Mayor’s highest
regeneration priority and offers a unique opportunity to secure and accelerate the delivery of many
elements of his strategies and lessen inequality across London.

The Olympic investment in east London, and the recognition arising from association with the Games
should be used to effect a positive, sustainable and fully accessible economic, social and environmental
transformation for one of the most diverse and most deprived parts of the capital.

The host boroughs are developing a Strategic Regeneration Framework that aims to link the physical
improvements that will be brought about by the Olympics and the Legacy Masterplan Framework with
socioeconomic change in the host boroughs. The overall ambition of the host boroughs, shared by the
Mayor and Government, is to achieve convergence in quality of life with the London average across a
range of key indicators. The GLA and its functional bodies will take account of this ambition in the
development and implementation of all strategies, plans and business plans.
Consultation draft replacement London plan – Oct 2009

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                                  5 Boroughs Ambitions
“To ensure that residents of East London enjoy the same living conditions and social and
                 economic opportunities as any other London resident.”

Strategic Regeneration Framework (SRF) Objectives
 Improving the physical quality of the area
 Raising educational attainment and aspirations
 Reducing worklessness and child poverty
 Providing 'homes for all'
 Tackling health inequalities
 Reducing crime and anti-social behaviour
 Promoting sporting opportunities and raising physical activity levels
 Promoting enterprise and developing the economy
 Promoting cultural opportunities
Potential Convergence Indicators
 15 Year Old KS4 Education Attainment (5 A*-C GCSEs)
 KS2 Educational Attainment (level 4 in English and Maths)
 % of working age population in employment
 Mean income of the bottom 40%
 % of children living in families on key benefits
 Rates of violent crime (Per 1000 people)
 Life expectancy at birth
                 Make the myth a reality…
 The new game has to be about wealth
This can be achieved by:
     Appropriate strategy and effective
     Decentralised spending and
       fiscal/regulatory support
     Infrastructure investment, and long-term
       investment strategy
     New and more effective vehicles
     Localisation of capital (growing
       international trend)
     Community asset transfer
     Smart investment in human capital
     (Genuine) convergence
     Align public programmes / Total Place
                                                 Page 29
             Case Study – North Solihull

 Little prospect of regeneration funding- Solihull Council decided to form a
 North Solihull Partnership consists of: Local Authority, a house builder, a
  Registered Provider and an Investment Company.
 Partnership decided:
 Education
       Build 10 new primary schools with extended facilities
       BSF Pathfinder on all secondary schools
       New further education campus
       Network of Neighbourhood Nurseries
 Primary Schools
     Driving whole regeneration programme
     5 of 10 are at the heart of Village Centres – health, services, retail, transport
     Community & extended facilities
The Vision: Regenerating North Solihull

 Regenerating North Solihull is a 15-year project to
  transform Chelmsley Wood, Smith's Wood and Kingshurst &
  Fordbridge and bring about physical, social, economic and
  educational regeneration;
 It is one of the largest regeneration programmes in the UK;
 Benefitting 40,000 people;
 £1.8 billion public and private investment;
 8,500 new modern homes;
 10 new primary schools;
 5 new ‘village centres’ delivering key services;
 Improving transport and the environment
 Creating jobs
 Improving health outcomes
                                                        Page 31
 The North Solihull Partnership Model

 Partnership investment front-end funded by Partners
 Council land comes into Partnership at Existing Use Value
 Partnership packages land at Market Value
 Partnership uses this finance alongside public finance for
  Regeneration Activities:
    Infrastructure & transport
    Schools
    Land acquisition & house purchase
    Home swap
    Environment
    Community facilities
    Socio-economic programmes
   Whole neighbourhoods need to be
 considered…”It takes a whole village…”
Village Centre-
bringing together:
school and early
years care, a health
facility, retail,
leisure, church,
residential units

                                    Page 33
        Education as the ‘cornerstone’

 Co-ordinated effort to create attractive educational offer: from Early Years
  to the Further Education sectors

 Local primary school is at the centre of the community

 Integration of Sure Start, Children’s Centres and Schools’ Foundation Stage

 Build on Excellence in Cities, Excellence Cluster, Behaviour Improvement
  Project, Multi Agency Support Teams, Aimhigher

 Capitalise on opportunity to consider school leadership and governance

 Tackle persistent underachievement in schools and parental aspiration

                                                                         Page 34
             Not just about Buildings

 Raising educational standards at the heart of the programme

 Every Child Matters outcomes at the heart of the reforms

 Effective school place planning means maximising budgets

 System reform being tackled at the same time

 Localisation of Children’s Services

 All Children’s Services agencies involved in the process

 Workforce reform focused on meeting need

                                                                Page 35

 Integrating funding sources, working closely with private sector
  and bringing agencies together can produce results
 Starting tenure mix: 51% social: 49% private
 End tenure mix: 40% social: 4% intermediate: 56% private
 12,553 retained homes improved
 8,125 homes newly built (tenure mix)
 4,460 net additional homes delivered
 £512 m investment in social and affordable homes
 £304 m investment in improving the environment
 £70 million invested in delivering a programme of 10 x 2 form entry
  primary schools with extended learning facilities
 £104 million investment in 5 new community hubs (village centres)
 £40m transport based projects in first half of programme

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