Chinese Americans talk about real American life and house prices (Reprinted) Circulation costs The United States with China, are both big countries, there are many state / provincial component. United States, all states also have their own interests, sometimes there will be conflict, the Civil War is a good example. Even to this day, many states have different positions or obvious, such as a state of the Democratic Party or the Republican Party&#39;s hard-core supporters, many years down is unshakeable. Moreover, the United States is a country of immigrants, all the different races also have their own demands. Reasonable to say that different interest groups will defend their interests, but the U.S. has no serious monopoly and local protectionism. Including financial, material and personnel resources, including the full freedom of movement. I think it should be from the system and to analyze two aspects of society. Mentioned earlier, the United States has a good traffic infrastructure, and operating costs relatively low. Almost everyone has a car in each of the DMV (rather our Vehicle Administration) to register at hundreds of dollars; emissions test done once every two years, but also hundreds of dollars. In addition, no other government fees. Test driver&#39;s license, is tens of dollars, without any mandatory training, as long as the feel that they can be opened to examination. The other is the insurance, it depends on your own, and year of car insurance are 500-1000 in the normal range. Oil prices are relatively cheap, and from Los Angeles to San Francisco, about 600 km distance, slightly longer in Harbin to Shenyang (550 km), slightly shorter than Changsha to Guangzhou (700 km). According to current U.S. oil prices, opening about 600 km of oil costs about 50 U.S. dollars, translated into 350 yuan. And the United States almost no speed-kilometer toll. Airfare is relatively cheap, from the northeast to the southwest corner of Los Angeles, New York, across the entire United States, return air ticket plus taxes and charges in about 300 U.S. dollars, converted into 2000 yuan. So even if the dollar is 1000-2000 a month to low-income people, travel is not that far out things. So to maintain these infrastructure money come from? Of course, fleece, so much of your income tax, much of the infrastructure in use. Although the car only cost the government hundreds of pieces a year, but there are several billion 100 million vehicles. And the United States, DMV (Vehicle Administration) is not a Niubi units, the average income of the general population are 3-5 million range. My area of each door of a fast DMV brands, showing the place DMV fees, including administrative expenses account for about 10%, most is investment in infrastructure construction. Airlines, too, even if fuel costs are a price the world, but with the U.S. personnel. Therefore, cheap airfare prices to maintain only the cost savings. Flight attendants are mostly middle-aged women. In addition to simply not drink beverages to other food, eat, then buy their own, the U.S. aircraft on the flight attendants often Tuizhe Xiao cart ask you this to do that to you, is very similar to the train the train attendant. I met several times with earplugs not given, to see the film themselves out of money to buy earplugs. Low cost is behind the competition, the United States more than 10 major airlines. Government&#39;s role is to not let you create monopoly or monopoly union. Competition coming up, the price low. Meanwhile, the prices low so more people can fly, resources can flow up, social benefits arises. U.S. government rule when an industry is basically to consider two factors: first, the industry as a whole is not developed? Second, consumers are not there more choices, better products and services? Aviation is the case, telecommunications as well. Apart from transport costs, other, too, the United States are the National Bank of China Unicom, there is no off-site ATM fees. China Unicom&#39;s mobile phone is no roaming charges and long distance. This greatly saves the cost of resource flows. In addition to these, another one is the population access system. The U.S. population is basically free movement, without the household registration system and the resultant employment, education, health care and other issues. But in America, fair is not absolute. Take education, general state of the State University of like a good, relatively poor State University and the bad. The poor state of the students, you can not go to a good state to go to State University, State University because the tuition fees to students outside the state than a mile. China is not completely control the population, in addition to Beijing, Shanghai and other major cities, most urban households is still relatively easy. But precisely because these man-made system of barriers exist, so will be more or less exaggerated many times. What does that mean? For example, such as you a stranger to Beijing to develop a few years of working life that is not very wishful. This of course there are many factors which have personal reasons, there is a system of reasons, but in the end, we often exaggerate the reasons for this system, that if the Beijing native, then I will definitely be getting along better. But even if you are in the United States, you are free to go to New York looking for work, but you want to survive in New York, certainly better than outsiders easily survive in Beijing, but the U.S. has no artificial barriers, so although the Americans also criticize the government, in particular, as the current economic downturn, work hard to find, but Mama is passed, not to ruthless proportions. Because they are relatively fair, your reference are generally in a horizontal line is, you think, they also will become rational. This is China and the U.S. are very different. Chinese mobile than Americans, so many have their own reasons. First, China&#39;s market liberalization has not fully. So you can not used in the majority of resources from the market, a large part of interest groups from your crony. Many small places, if looking for a good job, into the government sector, or large-scale state-owned enterprises, or hospitals, schools and other institutions, the main way is through the available groups around nepotism. Or each industry so that each local system will form a separate barriers. You can use is around a circle, if for a city, you nothing. So for most people, trying to enter into this fortress were. Get in, scolded the social injustice; the inside, so hard to maintain their own interests. This in fact is already a vicious circle of. Because you once out of the fort, there is no end. So the Chinese do not want to flow, because the flow is too high a social cost. Another is the concept of the family. Chinese people still want to live with her family. U.S. industrialization, the market for so many years. Her children, had left the house; parents gave you went into nursing homes. From birth to death, what are the lines patterned. So the Americans also reflect on their pension system is not a problem, especially in pension and other social welfare now occupy an increasing proportion of government expenditure. Capitalist development to a certain time must rethink human nature. China&#39;s family values in addition to traditional, more importantly, is the current social stage, except for some major cities and coastal areas, most of the region to break the Na Zhong Wan Quan Huan peasant society is not the framework, content with the mainstream thinking Hai Shi. Unless it is in really poor Shan Gougou could not get along, and will go out a living. While the cost is very high flow of migrant workers return home New Year, tolls may occupy a significant portion of your savings a year. So, lastly, how should we view elements of this resource flows? There are too many barriers in China, each region seek to protect their interests. Although regional or small groups to create social value. But speaking from the national level, only the elimination of these barriers to free movement of various social factors, can be spontaneous and long-term economic and social development. Absolute justice does not exist. Unified national admission, not everyone on the Peking University, Tsinghua University; open Beijing accounts, not everyone bought the house from Beijing. But only open to people to return to reason, to return to a rational society. Very often, we complain, anger, fear are all out of ignorance or irrational. Sometimes we hate our prosaic lives, but if like most Americans, as can regularly go to big cities like New York look, or even to a foreign holiday, you may feel the same about those places, where life has not good, convenient place. Then you may have a better attitude towards the current life. But for some people, big cities, you may always think you live in the best place to go other places, but if you walk, you may find that there are many areas of life is much better than Beijing and Shanghai should be good. ? Central and local When I read the news, said a U.S. Xiaonian Qing, was early 20s, the elected mayor of the. Then concluded that the U.S. democratic system is very advanced. This means more or less a bit out of context, or at least incomplete. One to the U.S. market with two concepts of China&#39;s market is the United States some people call the town is only a 2000 city, City, with a concept of China&#39;s villages. Second, the U.S. government and the Chinese are not the same as the structure, each level of government will have different functions, but little overlap. Specific to the bottom of the city, a mayor&#39;s power may be very small, thus it can control things like two or three. We take for telecommunications. In China, the top is the Ministry of Industry, formerly known as Ministry of Information Industry. And then each province had of Information Industry, each city has a Bureau of Information Industry, to the county government, there will be the bureau. In the United States, the management of telecommunications sector called FCC, full name is the Federal Communications Commission, translated into Chinese call the Federal Communications Commission. The telecommunications sector not only control but also control newspapers, Internet, TV, radio. Similar to our Central Propaganda Department, SARFT, the Ministry of Industry and Information Administration of the combined function. The FCC has five members the most on top of any one party can not be more than three seats, in determining the specific question, 5 votes, one vote, is open. This five members appointed by the president, including a Chairman. But the president only the power of appointment, the FCC does not the President, but for Parliament. Therefore, we can easily find, under the framework of this, FCC has an independent administrative authority, do they call themselves independent government agency, the independent government agency, unlike the the cabinet departments, to the President. So no matter who became president, FCC was able to act independently, the policy can basically inherited. FCC manages all matters relating to the United States. In local government, no longer had a similar authority. So the next state and city bureau and the like are not you a governor, a mayor is unable to manage telecommunications. As a comparison, saying that the U.S. telecom civil population less than 99% of China should not be exaggerated. U.S. authorities in many sectors, including financial, transportation, etc., are similar establishment. This is somewhat similar to our &quot;central vertical management.&quot; Some areas, such as primary and secondary education, is entirely under the management of local government areas to grass-roots level, the federal government&#39;s Ministry of the fundamental routines that starting school in the course of time, even without a unified textbook. So federal, state and local governments is very clear division of labor between the. Who cares that one, we manage this one, decision-making power, executive power is in your hands. One level will not be handed to the report, and other top leaders to speak before the implementation of one level down. The reason for this structure is also summarized down long-term development. Kind of like how the efficiency of how to better offer. Return to FCC, headed by five members of a department can not manage it as a huge framework of the country? I have said before, the U.S. government rule when an industry is usually based on two considerations: first, the public is not being a better service, more choice is not much? The price is reasonable or not? Second, the industry is not developed? The most classic case is the FCC on the AT &amp; T&#39;s control. AT &amp; T telecommunications company in the United States veteran. By Bell and others founded. Bell is no stranger to us, that is, the man who invented the telephone. Development of the United States has followed this rule is: technology innovation breeds new industries, thus promoting social development. Bell invented the telephone, he opened the company, after several years of expansion, almost occupied the whole U.S. market. But the market is interest-driven, AT &amp; T, a dominant two problems will arise. First, it is not willing to stand to the Shan Gougou telephone lines go as high cost, low yield. Second, it monopolized the market, the price asked casually. FCC at this time came out to speak. Telephone line that you must go inside the frame to the Shan Gougou, second, I want to restrict your price. The Government amended the good the shortcomings of the free market. Still later, and in 1996, AT &amp; T is to be split into several parallel family of telecommunications companies, completely changed the pattern of U.S. telecommunications industry. AT &amp; T is equivalent to our private enterprises. It is the government has the will refuses to accept? Of course. Many large companies behind the United States, there are many spokesmen, and many lawyers, so-called non-profit independent research institutions, government lobbyists specialized public relations and English called lobbyist, this is a career in the United States has. Activities of these people are up. But eventually be divided. One reason for the balance of the parties the right to speak; Second, the government is not out of self-interest, and the law. Behind the FCC to do so by the Telecommunications Law, Antitrust Law as a basis, are tenable. The result is as ordinary Americans, 40 a few dollars a month cell phone almost unlimited play, no long distance, no roaming charges. If a few people together to open a one month as long as 30 a few is enough. So the U.S. government, there is no Development and Reform Commission, no five-year plan. If we say that the Government guidance, is more substantial funding to research institutions. New technology can bring new products, a company that can develop a good thing, consumer recognition, then naturally bigger. Then If problems are found, the Government come out specifications. Of course, the prerequisite to achieve this is to form a national legal protection under the free market. Therefore, the competent departments of these industries, the government basically only play a regulatory role. Between the government and enterprises, and some industry associations, industry associations such exercise of some of China&#39;s governmental functions, such as setting the standard for the industry and so on. In addition to industry, authorities, there are some things the public services, such as the Government planning a plot to build a park or a library of classes, which must be dominated by the government. The efficiency in the United States would be much lower than China, and Chinese leaders a green light, flew started. Things about the U.S. rules, a round of argument, until the feel perfectly safe and we have to start the construction. Chicago&#39;s Millennium Park, from start to finish took 10 years to built. Chicago&#39;s bid at the last when opponents attack, saying that you efficiency too low. So this really is an abuse of democracy. Duration so long for, not only to good design is good planning, exhaustive, construction has to talk up the environment, not disturbing, not yellow sand over the sky, have to ensure that the interests of workers, not around the clock. I live next door to the subway station, repair not repaired for four years. Comparison of China, which system is good, the eyes of the beholder, the wise see wisdom of. But what if the U.S. built up, but it is durable. Decades, a century can, go. Another problem is that funding sources. U.S. local governments the money in hand is very limited, as China&#39;s local governments can not ask like a large bank credits. So the Chinese government officials asked them to come to China, they do not have the money, not the budget. Once the Government money, to stop the situation has become residential flats. Therefore, some local governments in the United States in fact very poor. Like a while ago that the California government to bankruptcy. Because of government revenues from taxes, the poor economy, the house no longer marketable, revenue falls. Schwarzenegger went to Washington, Obama asked for money, Obama does not give, because the federal government with the state government each have their own revenue and expenditure system, I give you money without obligation. Schwarzenegger had to take the civil service, teachers and other public officials surgery, layoffs. There is the State University tuition up. Because he can within the power tubes, it was only these things. Philosophy of pragmatism Philosophy of pragmatism A country is always based on history and culture of the country on ways of thinking. If you were to summarize the philosophy of American way of thinking or doing things, then the first should be that of pragmatism. At this point, Americans and Europeans are very different. Europe has a long history, the culture is intertwined, it touches a bit like the Chinese, the article also quoted the ancients to write, how to say how Aristotle was. But American culture is not so much a burden. Europeans first came to the U.S. is to get rid of the set of ancestors. Simply put this pragmatism is to do things without any limitations of, you feel justified, there is good reason, can confirm it, then feasible. China&#39;s massive anti-vice is network, it reminds me of the time in the school heard the report of a subject, whether the topic is the raw footage will really harm our young people. It seems to us that things can not get the table, no need to discuss, but for the Americans of great social significance. The teachers how? He got two young, high school students. Americans developed earlier than the Chinese people, their psychological and physical high school students are close to our students, it can accept the raw footage, and will not harm their physical and mental health. Can be controlled in the context of a group of people can be arbitrary close to the raw footage so that they can watch the raw footage; another group of people not allow them to watch raw footage. The teacher tracked for 10 years, 10 years later, compared two groups of people to see their psychological, marital, behavior, life condition. The results show that Kan Maopian of that group than the non-Kan Maopian actually spiritual good. Some may question his experimental methods, such as whether to control a number of factors, some variables are chosen as. But the experiment itself can not be denied. Since the raw footage so healthy, why should we ban it? American thinking is like that. I have a scientific basis to prove that something is good, then there is no reason to oppose it. In this basis, there will be a film classification system. To a certain age to allow them to see adult movies. Website, too, can run for adult porn sites. Any of the measures that the United States were to go through repeated demonstration, a large number of scientific data as support. This process may be lengthy, but once through the debate, that this matter, then it can be implemented over a long time, unless significant changes in the larger environment. Comparison of our network anti-vice, were once two to three years. Saowan later, before long there will be a lot of Xinhuang net out. Not fundamentally solve the problem. The root of the fundamental motives of our anti-vice is granted the moral starting from. Many of our decisions are not based on scientific analysis and rational judgments on. In particular the treatment of such complex things Huang network - adult pornography have such a natural demand side, this can not be denied; but such information would endanger children at the same time, it points to oppose. We should fight against the side to retain its beneficial side. But we sense for large, just beat him to death. Therefore, this phenomenon occurs: Even some mainstream portals, for its own interests, full of soft porn information, pushing boundaries, the danger still exists for children. Meanwhile, interest is not straightened out, before underground porn industry chain, make more negative social effects of its expansion. Looking back, we see some U.S. social sciences, such as economics, political science, sociology and the like, which in our view, the liberal arts majors may require you to program the data will run for a lot of science analysis. United States, many policies are the data from these studies as support. Although we can not say elsewhere, but on the whole decision-making errors can be reduced to the lowest level. And many of our policies are more out of the subjective will, the lack of scientific basis. GDP growth rate to remain at 8%, 8%, but why? 6% do not you? 5% do not you? No one can answer that. We all cried 8%, 8% of that should make it right, I also agree that 8%. And specific to the individual, pragmatic ideas that are embodied in the personal values, personal life experience. I am pleasant like, do not care how other people evaluate me. Americans sometimes feel so very easy to meet. Some families, children got two third-rate university, and if China did not face may feel that the school&#39;s name. But Americans still very self-enjoyment, still sign posted to the school board, through the streets.
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