Baroque music

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					Baroque music
Baroque era (1600-1750) in the whole history of Western art history, music is an
important time. In this 150-year history, the capitalist relations of production in
Europe continues to mature, Renaissance Humanism is being brought in all areas of
feudalism and religious superstition to launch a strong impact, science, art, politics
created a number of areas outstanding great man, the formation of a similar Chinese
Spring and Autumn Period of the contending situation, driving round Europe from the
Middle Ages to modern society.
1, the leading Baroque
From the history of music, the Renaissance is the leading Baroque, roughly from 1450
(or 1425) to around 1600 so far. Mid-15th century, a large number of musicians in
Europe gathered in Burgundy (including today's northern France, Belgium,
the Netherlands, a) whom the court themselves to form a Flanders school (or schools
of the Netherlands), with came a boom in European music. Because during this period
in painting, architecture, sculpture, literature and other art of the Renaissance occurred
in the area, music in the history of this period, also known as
"Renaissance", although this does not quite appropriate,
because there was no ancient Greece, Rome's musical tradition handed
down to funding, "Revival."
Looking at the European community, was born during this period the seeds of
capitalist relations of production; geographical discovery, the opening of new routes,
the process of primitive accumulation of capital produced the first bourgeois and
petty-bourgeois nature of a certain class of rich people, stimulated secular music
needs. Become rich through trade, particularly in Italy, the public sectors have been
well developed, so the center of 16th century European music from the Low Countries
to here.
Italian Renaissance music, religious genres, such as mass, motet, are still dominant.
But the pastoral and other secular genres with considerable development, Palestrina,
Gabrieli, Monteverdi, Baird and other pastoral musicians are masters of creation. The
late 16th century, Italian opera was born first.
Renaissance music, the whole melodic simplicity. Polyphonic composition method
after 5,6 years of development has matured, complex decaying medieval church
modes, to make way for the new size of the tone type, and thus cleared the way for the
development of acoustics, and a variety of psychological harmony role is increasingly
being applied to music and going, and gradually formed the aesthetic theory of
Baroque music - "Emotion Theory"; notation gradually
improved, read music has become more sophisticated in the late 16th century, some
influential composers to a wide range spread; to violin strings, represented by the
middle of the 16th century to show their talents, there has been the first performer;
musical instrument technology advances, making some new instruments have been
developed to increase the choice of instrument for the composer, type of adapter for
the future laid the foundation for the development of science. In this way, the maturity
of all social conditions, suggesting the development of music in the history of a great
2. Baroque period
The Baroque period of music history began around 1600, this seems to be a reference
to the convention, not a specific milestone. 1750, Bach's death marks the
Baroque polyphonic composition law, the end of the Baroque period as the end of the
Baroque music has changed during the Renaissance were simple, becomes fla shy,
complex and full of emotional appeal. Respect for the aesthetic point of view this
period as "emotion theory", that music (and other arts) is to
direct the listener or viewer a particular emotion, such as natural scale, the major type,
the simple texture caused lively, progressive feelings, and chromatic scale, minor-type,
complex texture brings melancholy, deep feelings; "big interval gay people,
sad people of small intervals; piercing sound coupled with a rapid rhythm may lead to
anger, to a few a high degree of independence of the melody against a combination of
digital when the stubborn people. "(J · Mathson" perfect choir
conductor, "1739)" Contrast "concept is a major
innovation in Baroque music, composers are good at with rhythm, melody, tone, tone
and contrast to guide changes in the feelings of audience. Then scores introduced in
speed, strength of the mark, but the division does not elaborate, but generally the
same speed through a movement from beginning to end.
During this period, music and other art of professional artists from artisans in the
womb, as out of class, low social status, even though they sometimes carry out the
opera as a more profitable business creation, etc. gained substantial economic benefits,
but had no right in politics. Therefore, more attached to their nobility, court, city or
church to get some protection. The relationship between them and their employers
have a strong feudal rather than capitalist employment relationship. On the other hand,
in some parts of Italy and Germany, there have been some high-level musical
organizations, some non-governmental organizations such as the Institute (accademia),
from the amateur and professional musicians together; or official or semi-official,
such as the choir classes, Venice mercy hospital (no support specifically for music
education for girls, Vivaldi worked here), and many more combined with charitable
organizations, for the music to provide music education for children, for the church,
the city's music service. These institutions for the music of popular and
folk music to improve the level of the role played a significant, certain extent, to meet
the emerging bourgeois public's demand for music class, so elegant music
Buzaijinjin to the monopoly of the upper society. On the other hand, the upper class
nobility or love of art, or arty, happy to sponsor artists, and even quite accomplished
individual, such as the Grand Duke Leopold of one of Bach's employer is a
good composer.
Among European countries at this time, music on the one hand interaction, on the one
hand in the new historical conditions, Xia Ge national politics because of the uneven
economic development and national cultural traditions of different Xing started being
formed, Jiao Wei obviously the national style, and Tuchutixian music master in a
typical personal creation. Baroque music generally are Italy, France, Germany, the
three centers, both their own characteristics affect each other.