Baroque music Baroque era (1600-1750) in the whole history of Western art history, music is an important time. In this 150-year history, the capitalist relations of production in Europe continues to mature, Renaissance Humanism is being brought in all areas of feudalism and religious superstition to launch a strong impact, science, art, politics created a number of areas outstanding great man, the formation of a similar Chinese Spring and Autumn Period of the contending situation, driving round Europe from the Middle Ages to modern society. 1, the leading Baroque From the history of music, the Renaissance is the leading Baroque, roughly from 1450 (or 1425) to around 1600 so far. Mid-15th century, a large number of musicians in Europe gathered in Burgundy (including today&#39;s northern France, Belgium, the Netherlands, a) whom the court themselves to form a Flanders school (or schools of the Netherlands), with came a boom in European music. Because during this period in painting, architecture, sculpture, literature and other art of the Renaissance occurred in the area, music in the history of this period, also known as &quot;Renaissance&quot;, although this does not quite appropriate, because there was no ancient Greece, Rome&#39;s musical tradition handed down to funding, &quot;Revival.&quot; Looking at the European community, was born during this period the seeds of capitalist relations of production; geographical discovery, the opening of new routes, the process of primitive accumulation of capital produced the first bourgeois and petty-bourgeois nature of a certain class of rich people, stimulated secular music needs. Become rich through trade, particularly in Italy, the public sectors have been well developed, so the center of 16th century European music from the Low Countries to here. Italian Renaissance music, religious genres, such as mass, motet, are still dominant. But the pastoral and other secular genres with considerable development, Palestrina, Gabrieli, Monteverdi, Baird and other pastoral musicians are masters of creation. The late 16th century, Italian opera was born first. Renaissance music, the whole melodic simplicity. Polyphonic composition method after 5,6 years of development has matured, complex decaying medieval church modes, to make way for the new size of the tone type, and thus cleared the way for the development of acoustics, and a variety of psychological harmony role is increasingly being applied to music and going, and gradually formed the aesthetic theory of Baroque music - &quot;Emotion Theory&quot;; notation gradually improved, read music has become more sophisticated in the late 16th century, some influential composers to a wide range spread; to violin strings, represented by the middle of the 16th century to show their talents, there has been the first performer; musical instrument technology advances, making some new instruments have been developed to increase the choice of instrument for the composer, type of adapter for the future laid the foundation for the development of science. In this way, the maturity of all social conditions, suggesting the development of music in the history of a great era. 2. Baroque period The Baroque period of music history began around 1600, this seems to be a reference to the convention, not a specific milestone. 1750, Bach&#39;s death marks the Baroque polyphonic composition law, the end of the Baroque period as the end of the line. Baroque music has changed during the Renaissance were simple, becomes fla shy, complex and full of emotional appeal. Respect for the aesthetic point of view this period as &quot;emotion theory&quot;, that music (and other arts) is to direct the listener or viewer a particular emotion, such as natural scale, the major type, the simple texture caused lively, progressive feelings, and chromatic scale, minor-type, complex texture brings melancholy, deep feelings; &quot;big interval gay people, sad people of small intervals; piercing sound coupled with a rapid rhythm may lead to anger, to a few a high degree of independence of the melody against a combination of digital when the stubborn people. &quot;(J · Mathson&quot; perfect choir conductor, &quot;1739)&quot; Contrast &quot;concept is a major innovation in Baroque music, composers are good at with rhythm, melody, tone, tone and contrast to guide changes in the feelings of audience. Then scores introduced in speed, strength of the mark, but the division does not elaborate, but generally the same speed through a movement from beginning to end. During this period, music and other art of professional artists from artisans in the womb, as out of class, low social status, even though they sometimes carry out the opera as a more profitable business creation, etc. gained substantial economic benefits, but had no right in politics. Therefore, more attached to their nobility, court, city or church to get some protection. The relationship between them and their employers have a strong feudal rather than capitalist employment relationship. On the other hand, in some parts of Italy and Germany, there have been some high-level musical organizations, some non-governmental organizations such as the Institute (accademia), from the amateur and professional musicians together; or official or semi-official, such as the choir classes, Venice mercy hospital (no support specifically for music education for girls, Vivaldi worked here), and many more combined with charitable organizations, for the music to provide music education for children, for the church, the city&#39;s music service. These institutions for the music of popular and folk music to improve the level of the role played a significant, certain extent, to meet the emerging bourgeois public&#39;s demand for music class, so elegant music Buzaijinjin to the monopoly of the upper society. On the other hand, the upper class nobility or love of art, or arty, happy to sponsor artists, and even quite accomplished individual, such as the Grand Duke Leopold of one of Bach&#39;s employer is a good composer. Among European countries at this time, music on the one hand interaction, on the one hand in the new historical conditions, Xia Ge national politics because of the uneven economic development and national cultural traditions of different Xing started being formed, Jiao Wei obviously the national style, and Tuchutixian music master in a typical personal creation. Baroque music generally are Italy, France, Germany, the three centers, both their own characteristics affect each other.