Rest Full web services by gatre1982

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									                                      RESTfull Web Services

                                          ACS Web Services SIG

                                             Bill Donoghoe
                                               February 2004




Document-oriented distributed computing
                                 Goals

                                  Web Services and the REST architectural style
                                  Applications that span organisations and
                                  geographies
                                  Audience participation




•Plenty of vendors of software development environments can tell you about “RPC via Port 80” (“OO over HTTP” or
“distributed objects communicating across the WWW”)
•REpresentational State Transfer – Architectural style of the Web – defined in Roy Fielding’s PhD thesis.
•Building applications that cross organisational and/or geographic boundaries pose a number of significant issues
(especially handling the “communication overheads”)
•Please ask questions as we go
                                  What is a Web Service?
                                                                            A Web service is a
                                                                    software system designed
                                                                      to support interoperable
                                                                          machine-to-machine
                                                                   interaction over a network.
                                                                             It has an interface
                                                                      described in a machine-
                                                                           processable format
                                                                          W3C Web Services
                                                                           Architecture


                                                                   ALMOST…




•Should it cover situations where part of the interaction is conducted by a human?
•Does the service consumer care how the service provider handled the request?
•“machine processable format” is the key part of the definition.
•There are other ways of viewing Web Serices, like …
                                 Web Service Definition (again)
                                   Three core components
                                   – The ‘service’ - the process that produces results in
                                     response to requests
                                   – The ‘document’ - the request encoded against an
                                     agreed schema (XML)
                                   – The ‘address’ - to access the service (URI)
                                   Plus
                                   – The ‘envelope’ - to separate transport information
                                     from the service payload (SOAP)
                                                                      Werner Vogels




•Devotees of the REST architectural style contend that the envelope is unnecessary overhead
•Document-oriented distributed computing is about the design of documents that you want to exchange and the
protocols and addresses are just the glue to facilitate the exchange. Enter stage left ….REST
                                   REpresentational State Transfer (REST)

                                     Web Architectural style
                                     Resources (nouns) are accessed via URIs
                                     4 methods (verbs) (GET,PUT,DELETE, POST)
                                     are used to transfer resource representations.
                                     Stateless transactions
                                     State is carried in or referenced by the messages
                                     exchanged by the provider and consumer (Web
                                     Service)




•The Web came first and then Roy Fielding described the architectural style (which is significantly different to many
other styles). Hyperlinks are another aspect of the Web that is different to other styles (GET URI).
•HTTP only has 4 methods – GET, PUT, DELETE and POST
•State is a property of a resource not a process.
•State can be managed by both the service provider and the service consumer. A discussion about managing states
within REST is a detailed topic in its own right.
•A web service message (document -> representation of a resource) can contain references to tokens (i.e. other
resources) that contain state information. Technically these could be expanded in the message each time (like an image
reference in a HTML document) it is consumed by an application.
                                  Applications that span organisations
                                            and geographies
                                    Important characteristics for these applications
                                    – Loose coupling
                                       • Little or no control the service vendor
                                       • Only want to deal with “real” dependencies
                                    – Extensible
                                       • Get off the upgrade treadmill (evolution of applications and
                                         services)
                                       • Service providers can enhance service offering within existing
                                         interface
                                       • Service can “pass through” information that is irrelevant to
                                         current service.
                                    – Scalable
                                       • Service providers always want more customers




•Real vs artifical dependencies
•Artifical dependencies will be imposed during implementation (Eg. curreny conversion at an airport booth involves
“voice”, “hand” and “legal tender” technologies.
•Components should be able to evolve independently
•More services using the same interface.
•Current conversion applied to a contract.
                                 Loose Coupling
                                   Coupling has two parts: real coupling and
                                   artificial coupling
                                   One can never reduce real coupling
                                   One can never eliminate artificial coupling
                                   Tight coupling: high cost of artificial coupling
                                   Loose coupling: low cost of artificial coupling
                                   Tight and loose coupling are relative
                                                                   Dr Hao He
                                                                   2003




“vendor lock-in” is an example of a tight coupling between the software vendors code and the customers application.
                                  RESTfull Web Services and
                                  Application Building
                                    Compatible with the Infrastructure of the
                                    Web
                                     – Apply Web scalability techniques, like
                                       caches, proxies and gateways.
                                    Service Oriented computing is
                                     – Relatively loosely coupled
                                     – Extensible
                                     – Document-oriented




Bringing it all back to the committee.
                               Other Web Service Acronyms
                              SOA – Service Oriented Architecture
                              SOAP – Simple Object Access Protocol
                              WSDL –Web Service Description Language
                              UDDI – Universal Description, Discovery and
                              Integration Service (Publish, Find, Bind)




SOAP – Service Oriented Architecture Protocol (hype)
                   Resources
                   ACS Web Services SIG Home page
                   – http://www.acs.org.au/nsw/sigs/ws/
                   Yahoo Group – acswssig

                   Should the resource page entries be moderated?
                   –   Not at all;
                   –   Autocratically, by the convener;
                   –   By rating of links by members; or
                   –   …




To be completed.
Thank You


            Questions?

								
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