Sweden by fjwuxn


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There are two1 engineering degrees: Högskoleingenjör and Civilingenjör. The degree of Högskolein-
genjör is focused on the development and application of known technology; that of the more theore-
tically oriented degree of Civilingenjör on the development and application of new technology at an
internationally competitive level. They are commonly translated as Bachelor and Master of Science in
Engineering, respectively.

Twenty-three universities or university colleges have sought and been given the right to confer the
degree of Högskoleingenjör and eleven the right to confer that of Civilingenjör. The National Agency for
Higher Education (www.hsv.se) is the government body responsible for the supervision, promotion and
assessment of the quality of institutions of higher education.

The engineering degrees belong to the category of professional degrees (as opposed to general de-
grees). For professional degrees, the goals are defined in the Higher Education Ordinance in
accordance with the specific demands of the profession for which they are intended. Education leading
to a professional degree is considered regulated in the sense of the EC directives on the recognition of

Higher education in the technical field may also lead to the general degrees of Bachelor or Master.
General degrees are set apart from the professional degrees both in that they lack goals related to a
certain profession and in that they have a narrower focus, as they require a certain amount of advanced
studies in a major subject. Thus, these general degrees do not necessarily provide the student with a
full range of engineering competences - nor do they have to.

International Master’s programmes in the technical field offered by many institutions usually lead up to a
Master’s degree as mentioned above, but they do not formally constitute professional engineering
degrees. In some cases it may be possible to receive the integrated degree of Civilingenjör where
previous studies make up part of the requirements, given that they correspond to what is required for
that degree.

Entry requirements

Admission is based on the fulfilment of both basic and special eligibility requirements. Basic eligibility is
achieved through a school-leaving certificate from a full upper secondary school program (three years),
with a passing grade on courses corresponding to at least 90% of the total number of credits. Special
eligibility requirements vary between academic programmes and institutions, but often include courses
in physics, chemistry and additional mathematics.

1Apart from three specific professional degrees that are not dealt with in this context: Brandingenjör (BSc in Fire
Protection Engineering), Ortopedingenjör (BSc in Prosthetics and Orthotics) and Sjöingenjör (BSc in Marine
Engineering). Ortopedingenjör and Sjöingenjör are regulated professions covered by directive 89/48/EEC.
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The Swedish admittance procedure applies the principle of numerus clausus. When the number of
applicants exceeds the number of places available, final admission is subject to an entrance selection
procedure. The applicants are then divided into different categories depending on how they have
achieved eligibility. Applicants are finally admitted according to how they are ranked within each

The duration of study towards the degree of Högskoleingenjör is three years (3U). The duration of
studies towards the integrated degree of Civilingenjör is set to five years (5U). Both require the
completion of a thesis, usually corresponding to 15 ECTS-credits for the degree of Högskoleingenjör,
and 30 ECTS-credits for that of Civilingenjör.

A student holding the degree of Högskoleingenjör, and who wishes to continue towards Civilingenjör,
normally has to undertake additional course-work (of about half a year) in order to be able to do so.

The ECTS credit system has been fully integrated to the national credit system. The use of the Diploma
Supplement is mandatory since the beginning of January 2003.

Institutions are free to adopt a grading system other than that set out in the Higher Education Ordi-
nance. Some institutions have partly adopted the ECTS grading system. All current systems are,
however, goal-oriented as opposed to the group-referenced grading system of the ECTS.

Implementation of the Bologna Declaration

As of 2007 the Swedish higher education system has adopted a two cycle structure in accordance with
the Bologna Declaration.

Academic titles and abbreviations

Engineers commonly use the names of their degrees, i.e. Högskoleingenjör or Civilingenjör (the latter
often abbreviated as civ.ing), but there is no legal protection of these titles.

Professional titles

Legal protection of professional titles

Non-academic routes to obtain these titles
(Not applicable)
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Legal protection of the practice of the profession
The practice of the engineering profession is not legally protected or restricted.

National Association of Engineers, represented in FEANI

   Sveriges Ingenjörer (The Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers)
    Box 1419
    111 84 STOCKHOLM
    Tel.      +46 (0)8 613 8000
    Fax       +46 (0)8 796 7102
    E-mail    info@cf.se
    Internet  www.cf.se

19 May 2005/od
revised 17 Feb 2009/ll & od

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