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					   Evaluating the Northern
    Healthy Food Initiative
 What is the impact on food security
       in Aboriginal communities in
                Northern Manitoba?

Shirley Thompson, University of Manitoba,

NHFI Evaluation Funded by: Institutes of Nutrition,
Metabolism and Diabetes, Population & Public Health and
Aboriginal People’s Health
Objectives
   Listen to Aboriginal communities issues about basic
    needs/environmental service deliveries/solutions.
   Hold workshops to provide training and brainstorm
    about solutions guided by steering committee of
    Aboriginal Organizations.
   Connect environmental services to community
    economic development
   Assist where possible with Northern Aboriginal
    communities to find funding for their community to
    start a community garden, developing a waste
    management plan, community plan, community
    development, etc.
 Community Food Security
“ a condition in which all residents obtain a safe,
   culturally appropriate, nutritionally sound diet
   through an economically and environmentally
   sustainable food system that promotes
   community self-reliance and social justice!”
                                       Hamm & Bellows
Food security issues
  High costs
  Decline of hunting and fishing

  Trading of traditional foods limited by Indian
   Act
  Freight costs

  High diabetes and obesity rates

  Treaty Land Rights

  Northern Store monopoly

 (Northern Food Prices Steering Committee,
   2003)
TO BE REPLACED BY
  UPDATED SLIDE
Projected Number of People with Diabetes MB First Nations, 1996-
2016


                           14,000                                               13,468
                                          1996    2016
                           12,000
Number of Diabetes Cases




                           10,000
                                                 7,656
                            8,000

                            6,000
                                                                     4,732
                            4,000
                                    2,590
                            2,000

                               0
                                         Males                          Females

                     Source: http://www.gov.mb.ca/health/publichealth/ epiunit/docs/storm.pdf
Environmental Service Delivery

 “Providepeople with proper
 housing, water, sewage, jobs and
 the means to provide adequate
 food and health statistics would
 improve” (Archibald and Grey,
 2000).
The Northern Healthy Foods
Initiative (NHFI)
   Community-based intervention funded by the
    provincial government of Manitoba, which is
    designed to increase access to affordable
    nutritious food in Northern Manitoba communities.
   NHFI team includes:
       Aboriginal and Northern Affairs
       Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives
        (MAFRI)
       Healthy Living
       Manitoba Conservation
       Healthy Child Manitoba
Making it work: the Community-based
organizations (CBOs):
 1) Bayline Regional Roundtable;
 2) Northern Association of Community Councils
   (NACC);
 3)Four Arrows Regional Health Authority Inc.; and
 4)Frontier School Division.
  CBOs build capacity in local production of food
   for local consumption, choose nutritional foods,
   implement strategies to lower the cost for healthy
   foods, leverage funding for projects, and create
   food based economic development opportunities.
Solutions that are working: Northern
Healthy Food Initiative Pilot project in
17+ communities?
   1) community gardens (273);
   2) greenhouse pilot projects (3);
   3) increasing access to nutritious commercial food
    (direct buy, retail, federal food mail subsidy, co-
    ops, etc).
   4) school nutrition;
   5) increasing access to country foods (hunting,
    fishing, berries, production, etc).
   6) food preservation (freezer, cold cellars, canning)
   ++Other (poultry production, etc)
Northern Healthy Food Initiative
SHERRIDON
     •   Sherridon – 10 gardeners
     •   Vegetable seeds
         distributed in early June.
            – Strawberries &
              raspberries introduced.
            – Seed potato donation
              from Peak of the
              Market distributed.
     •   Planting was delayed due
         to a fire.
     •   Plans for next year include
         school gardening projects.
    LEAF RAPIDS/GRANVILLE

•   Leaf Rapids/Granville - 10
    gardeners
•   School gardening was very
    successful last year
•   Plans will be made to do
    more gardening with the
    school this year.
MOOSE LAKE
     •   Moose Lake - 5 gardeners.
     •   Vegetable seeds distributed
         in early June.
            – Strawberries &
              raspberries introduced.
            – Seed potato donation
              from peak of the market
              distributed.
     •   Plans for next year include
         further work on the
         community garden.
    BERENS RIVER
•   Berens River – 25 gardeners
•   Vegetable seeds distributed
    in early June.
      - Strawberries & raspberries
        introduced.
      - Seed potato donation from
        Peak of the Market
     distributed.
•    Father Rheal has begun
    raising goats and laying
    chickens this
     year.
      - Goats are being used for
        fertilizer and Milk.
      - Eggs are shared among
        community members
  PHOTO GALLERY




       TOMATOES             WILD BERRIES                   BROCCOLI
CROSSING BAY/MOOSE LAKE     BERENS RIVER                  LEAF RAPIDS




              COMMUNITY MEMBERS               GOATS
                 LEAF RAPIDS               BERENS RIVER
PHOTO GALLERY




GARDEN PREPARATION           VEGETABLES                 GARDEN
   BERENS RIVER       CROSSING BAY/MOOSE LAKE   CROSSING BAY/MOOSE LAKE




              GREEN HOUSE            GARDEN PREPARATION
               LEAF RAPIDS              BERENS RIVER




    Standard community garden plot
    25x50ft…
POULTRY PRODUCTION
   Oxford House (layers, meat, turkeys)
   Nelson House (layers and meat)
   Pikwitonei & Cormorant (meat)
GREENHOUSES
   Covering New Ground Project (Thicket Portage,
    Pikwitonei, Oxford House, Wabowden)


   Extend growing season

   Introduce greenhouse concept
TO THIS….
FROM THIS….
Standard size composter for community
garden plot composting enriches poor
soil and reduces waste.




                                    Testing soil
SHARING OUR LEARNING
Start with the youth….
Learn By Observing…
     Evaluation measures at 3
          different levels

1)Government infrastructure & service
  delivery model
2) Implementation by Community-
  based organizations (CBOs).
3) Community, household and
  individual outcomes.
    Have food security outcomes improved?
    What are your communities needs and assets?
1) Government infrastructure and
     service delivery model

    A document review, interviews and
     strategic analysis workshop to track the
     progress of original aims and
     expectations of NHFI through policy
     and operational decisions with
1)   government policy-makers
2)   government program managers
3)   NHFI extension workers
What is a community food
assessment (CFA)?
 A collaborative and participatory process that systematically
  examines a broad range of community food issues and
  assets, so as to inform change actions to make the
  community more food secure. A CFA looks at resources as
  well as needs.
Other elements:
 participatory

 focuses on a defined place

 involves diverse and key participants

 emphasizes community participation and empowerment

 examines a broad range of community food security issues
      Community Food Assessment
                Steps
Organize
   Identify a group of key stakeholders
   Organize initial meeting(s)
   Determine the group’s interest in conducting an
    assessment
   Identify and recruit other participants, representing
    diverse interests and skills
Plan
   Determine assessment purposes and goals
   Develop an overall plan and decision-making proces
   Recruit and train staff and volunteers as needed
   Create evaluation plan
Research
 Determine appropriate research methods

 Collect and analyze data from existing and original
  sources
 Summarize assessment findings

Report
 Develop recommendations and action plan

 Develop communications strategy

 Clearly frame and articulate the message

 Disseminate findings to residents and policymakers
  through meetings and materials
 Develop specific policy recommendations
Potential Benefits of Community
Food Assessments
Involve and Empower the Community
 Engage residents in collaborative learning about food-related
  needs and resources
 Build capacity for effective, collaborative action to improve the
  community
Improve Existing Programs and Create New Ones
 Identify gaps and potential for improvement
 Increase community awareness and utilization of existing
  resources
Develop Advocacy Skills and Change Public Policy
 Build residents’ skills to organize and advocate for policy change
 Educate media and policymakers with compelling, research-
  based results
Improve Access to Healthy Foods
 Increase availability of local, fresh produce in stores, schools, etc
 Improve the selection of products available in neighborhood
  stores

				
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