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A theory on continental formation
       by, T.F. O‘Sullivan
 For this theory on continental formation the earth starts
out as a fiery ball. No solid land can be formed at this
point, contrary to current theories, because its‘ molten
surface is constantly in motion. Any cooled portions will
be swept to the equator. The earth is also a much larger
planet because it is very hot. And, because of its‘ enhanced
size, the speed of rotation is much greater, as well.
 A large molten ball turning on its‘ axis in space. What is it
 that makes the earth turn? Is it the gravity of the Sun? The
centrifugal force of the turning earth? Both? I don‘t know…,
                      but I know it turns.
Due to centrifugal force generated by the
rotation of the earth, the fluid rock flows
down from the northern hemisphere, and up
from the southern hemisphere, to the
Tap water flows down the drain ‗Counter-clockwise‘ in the
                 Northern hemisphere.

‗Clockwise‘ in the Southern hemisphere. All due to the
rotation of the earth, centrifugal force, and gravity.
Looking closer, as Newton predicted, the
curvature of the earth has developed a
‗bulge‘ at the equator. Recent scientific
surveys by satellite have measured the earth
and have proven this to be correct.
 Gravity draws down on the band at the equator while the out wash, meeting with
the resistance created by centrifugal force, creates a humongous ‗riptide‘, building
        many enormous ridges to the north and south of the equatorial band.
Because the band around the equator is constantly
being fed new molten rock, due to centrifugal
force, it cools much slower than the surfaces to the
north and south of it. Point of fact: the plates that
compose the base beneath the oceans of the world,
upon which the continents sit, are composed of
Basalt which is a rock formed from quick cooling
whereas the continents are formed of Granite,
which is a rock formed by slow cooling. Basalt is
very dense and hard while Granite is quite porous
and light.
If you are familiar with the way, Ice, is formed you will
know that it has to start at the land and move outwards
over the water. It doesn‘t start in the middle of the water
and work its‘ way towards land. The same thing happens
with a molten planet.
The band, even though it is as hot as the surfaces to the
north and south, will begin to accumulate cooled debris at
its‘ ‗edges‘ which will eventually spread out over the
surfaces of the large confluences to the north and south.
These two ‗edges‘ are the only places where the motion of
the liquid rock becomes static—where it will encounter a
‗slack tide‘ between the three moving surfaces: The
northern flow-down, the band itself, and the southern-flow
A slow cooling band at the equator; ridges forming along its‘ northern and
 southern boundaries. Slowly a hard surface pushes out, over the surfaces
to the north and south, like ice. Its‘ leading edge providing a landing point
                 for drifting, cooled, rock to attach itself.
The surfaces north and south of the band are
eventually covered with solid rock. Now there is a
large discrepancy between the temperatures
between the lower lands of the plates, and the
higher ‗hot‘ elevations of the equatorial band. This
difference in temperature allows for condensation
to form in the atmosphere—rain begins to fall.
Finally a crust begins to seal over the band. It will
cool much slower than the plates because of its‘
elevation—the rains will run off to accumulate
over the surfaces north and south of it.
Over time the moving magma beneath this crust of
the equator pools at an internally elevated spot
beneath the band and starts to push out on the
band producing a bulge. This bulge grows, in
‗fits‘, over many millions of years, drawing up the
land to the east and west of itself, forming two
large tapers. A portion of this equatorial band,
opposite the bulge, is not drawn up with the
tapers, and will be left behind.
The bulge pulls the band into two tapers, east and west
of itself, leaving a portion of the band behind.
Looking within the earth, nowadays, we
find that the central, iron core, is teardrop
shaped. The sharp end of the teardrop is
pointed towards the North Pole.
The iron core of the Moon is, likewise,
teardrop shaped, only it‘s sharp end is
pointed towards the earths‘ waist.
In theory, the two sharp ends of the
cores were originally, joined; the natal
core of the Moon being the fist which
pushed out the bulge.
Eventually the land mass of Equatoria
Major,(the integral equatorial band), is
severed entirely from the land mass
opposite the bulge. Now the bulge resides
in, Equatoria Minor, while the small portion
it has detached and left behind has become
its‘ own entity: Proto-Antarctica.

Plant and animal life has already been
evolving on the planet for many millions of
Not that long ago all lands lay in the tropics and the
oceans were huge—no ice at the poles!
Now, time passes until we get down to a
really big event happening at the end of the,
Cretaceous period, which marks the
beginning of the Tertiary period (The K/T
boundary—about a million years ago.) and
spells the end of around 70% of life on
earth. The separation of the bulge: the birth
of the Moon.
The Moon is born, but many perish with its‘ birth.
With the expulsion of the Moon, the cavity
left behind collapses, sending an enormous
shock wave through the earth, heading in
the opposite direction, causing havoc for
those that live upon its‘ surface. Oceans
pour into the cavity and the screams, as
violent jets of steam vent themselves, drown
out the anguished cries of the worlds‘
prehistoric inhabitants. The earth turns
milky white; its‘ surface hidden completely
beneath a vale of thick cloud.
Scientists have been trying to figure out why, if the Moon came from the earth then,
how did it manage to get out so far from it. Also, why are the heavier metals, found
beneath the surface of the earths‘ crust so prevalent on the surface of the Moon.

 And, how did it come about that the plates that make up the surface of the Moon,
 became fractured and then re-fused. The answers lie in a larger earth
 circumference; for speed of ejection, and a planet that finally shrinks. While a
 large portion of the moons‘ surface would obviously consist of materials found
 beneath the surface of its‘ mother planet.
Furthermore, the moon does not orbit the earth at the
equator. It‘s possible that when the earth shrunk that it
deflated downward, with the equator dropping several
latitudes in height. If we were to expand the earth so that
the equator and the moon were on the same latitude would
we then have the accurate size of the original earth?
Back on earth, scientists have been puzzling over
why there is so much ‗new‘ rock over top of ‗old‘
rock in Antarctica. Here may be the reason. As the
shock wave reaches the opposite extremity of the
earth it throws up lava atop Proto-Antarctica. This
imbalance of weight causes the planet to begin a
slow rotation of its‘ entirety. The area where the
Moon has exited from starts to climb up the 90 %
to where the exit location will reside over the
northern axis point.
Proto-Antarctica rotates downward to where
it will hide, up until the late 19th century
when it will finally be discovered by a
British explorer and be dubbed: Antarctica;
a huge, barren, ice covered waste land
extending over the region of the South Pole.
 The shock wave, produced from the blasting away of the Moon, rushes towards
Proto-Antarctica, deluging it with ‗new‘ molten rock. Eventually this molten rock
  will, for the most part, wash away, pin-wheeling Proto-Antarctica on it‘s axis.
In addition, this covering of ice at the poles represents the
coming of the ‗Ice Age‘. Some scientists have argued
against an Ice age, pointing out that ice cannot travel up hill.
(See: In Taper Theory the ice
does not move across the land but rather, the land shrinks
and slides beneath the ice. In this manner ice can travel up
hill because the ice remains stationary while the land travels
down, underneath it. Previous, small, glaciations noted by
scientist came about as a result of the growing spurts of the
bulge which vented hot gases into the atmosphere causing
great clouds and snow fall upon the bulge which, indeed,
did slide down over the land around it, but not to the extent
of the Great Ice Age that followed the Cretaceous period.
Further, once the continents had swung into a north/south
alignment and the ice caps formed, the size of the ice caps were
consistent with the ratios of water evaporated from opened rents
in the crust of the earth.
When we look at how far down the ice flowed from the north,
and how far up it traveled from the south, we see that the
distance of travel corresponds with the shrinkage attained. The
land in the southern hemisphere did not shrink very much
beneath the ice so its‘ extent was only proportional to available
moisture—a smaller ice cap. The land in the northern
hemisphere did shrink substantially, and the ice cap was much
larger due to the horrendous amount of moisture pushed up into
the atmosphere. Being much larger, the distance that the
northern cap has been logged to have progressed downward is
indicative of its‘ immense size. This distance downward also
reflects the amount of shrinkage of the earths circumference due
to the caps tremendous weight.
Once the continuity of the circumference of the earth had
altered; even in the south, by a small margin, then the suns
rays would have had access to these frozen regions; melting
of the ice sheets would have commenced. Even so, there are
still remnants of this glacial ice.
Currently, scientists have been pondering why the world
seems to be expanding. Perhaps the reason is that, with global
warming, the remaining ice is melting away, and the earth is
slowly reversing its‘ original shrink. Will the earth expand
back to its‘ original size? I don‘t know. But if that‘s the
scenario then volcanic activity will be on the increase and,
somewhere down the line, another ice age may be in the
offing. Only, this time, it will probably take much longer to
form, which will mean a much longer ice age before the earth
has shrunk back to a sustainable size.
With the heavier, pin-wheeling Proto-Antarctica, off-setting the earths‘ balance, now
that a large weight loss has occurred at the opposite extremity, the earth does a slow
roll, the tapers shifting to a North/South axis, while Proto-Antarctica heads for the
Southern axis point. The tapers are struck, while rotating upwards, by the returning
shockwave that has turned on its‘ original course and latitude, cracking both of the
The returning tail, from the Moon, punches a hole in one of
the tapers, driving a corner beneath the top edge of the
apposing taper. Now on a North/South axis, centrifugal
force again comes into play, pulling the two tapers down
and, in doing so, tearing them both apart. Because the earth
is still in an expanded state, and beneath the tapers it is still
molten rock, the continents are able to slide about. Later,
when the earth shrinks and the sea floors buckle, this
movement will no longer be possible.
Evidence of this buckling, on the land, can be seen in areas
where there are large sheets of older strata over younger
strata. Sheets of 50 square miles in size have been recorded.
This impact will form Hudsons‘ Bay, and will weaken the eastern upper corner of what
  will become North America, which will, at a future date be torn free, levering the
                      Americas into the eastern tip of Eurasia.
Apparently oil has been found at depths
greater than where it should, in theory, be
found. If we consider that flora and fauna
have been proliferating on earth while, at
the same time, the sea beds were still in an
unruffled state then, perhaps when the
continents slid over them, they slid on a
greased surface, trapping this animal and
vegetable debris beneath themselves. Debris
which eventually became oil.
One tapers‘ upper edge beneath the other. A hole
where the molten tail from the Moon has returned
to push the taper downward, and the fractures of
the tapers by the returning shockwave.
The tapers begin to pull apart as they slide down the vertical axis. Eventually the
   Americas, to the left, will pivot on Greenland, and be driven into the eastern
   tip of Eurasia. The impact will cause South America to drop down, pushed by
   boiling jets of steam, while Africa will head, fuming, to the West—Australia,
   chuffing to the East, nosing New Zealand along in front of it—Spain, still
   attached to Europe, will swing out westward, opening up the Mediterranean
   basin—sounds too incredible to be true?! However, the science is probably
   there. It doesn‘t matter the magnitude of the event, only the ratios, and the
   right conditions. After that it‘s all just; ‗cause and effect.‘
Now that there is land in   There is still some
the polar regions ice       movement of the
begins to form. The         continents as their weight
earth is still enveloped    is enormous and have
in a heavy shroud of        caused cracks, or ‗fault‘
cloud and sunlight is far   lines to appear. There is
                            earthquake activity
removed from these          because of the stresses
regions because of the      being played against one
still expanded state of     another around the globe
the world. It is because    as it moves in towards the
of these conditions that    sun, and it‘s gravitational
the world begins to         pull, during the summer,
shrink. As the snows        and moves away from its‘
fall and are compacted      pull during the winter.
                            However, in this theory of
and the ice thickens to     continental formation, the
many miles in depth, the    continents are in their
pressure on the globe is    final resting places and
immense. The ocean          shall never move out of
floors begin to fold        them again.
inwards in a stripe-like
pattern, circumventing
the large masses of land.

                                     North America

                      Viet Nam Central America

                   Australia New Zealand
                                           South America

            The final, and permanent,
                positioning of the
           continents as per the ‗Taper
  Well, that‘s the theory. And, it‘s only a theory,
  until all the facts are in and it can be proven
  otherwise. In case you were unaware of it, there
  are still many scientists who do not believe in
  ‗Continental Drift‘ theory. For further information
  on alternate ideas and objections to continental
  drift go to:

Did you find the ideas expressed in the forgoing presentation
‗interesting‘? Got a comment you‘d like to make on the ‗Taper
theory‘? Want to share notes?
The fabled island:

Being as I‘m an amateur scientist, I can afford to speculate.
I‘m not on a university or corporate payroll so I can go a
little further outside of the box.
        I don‘t recall the source of this information but I do
recall reading somewhere that the lost island of Atlantis was,
‗shaped like a snake‘. There was a great pyramid in the
middle of the land. In the end of that civilization, the
pyramid disappeared, swallowed by the sea. The land shook
and fissures opened up and the people fell into them.
 This is, apparently, what Atlantis looked like. The diamond
shape of the land is an ancient symbol for a snake; the shape
   in the middle is a representation of the great pyramid.

Does this shape look familiar to you? Consider the Taper
Theory; two tapers with the bulge in the middle.
But, there were people living in Atlantis, right. Back at the
time of the dinosaurs?
I was looking for a picture of a dinosaur on the Internet to
insert in this bit of fantasy and what did I find? An article
about fossilized foot prints of both man and dinosaur,
somewhere in Montana, U.S.A. The first picture on the
page was a cartoon which I snatched up and installed on the
next slide. But, consider this: Carbon dating has now been
found to be inaccurate at deriving the age of an object. The
inspection of fossilized trees has been discovered to seem
much more accurate a method of determining age. Perhaps
this method can‘t tell the whole story. However, it could be
possible that man was around while the moon was still a
part of the earth.
                            Petrified trees are proving
                            to be more accurate at
                            dating the objects found
                            buried around them.

There may still be an
earlier date for mankind
out there buried with the
cretaceous forests.
I know that the moon was in pictures drawn and carved
by many ancient cultures but, I wonder now, if there
are any pictures of the moon in the very oldest
pictures. Was there a time when there was no moon to
draw though there were artists available to draw it, had
there been one.
And why did cultures in both the West and in the East
build pyramids? Is it possible that they were just
imitating something ingrained in their race memories
from another ancient time, that they were both witness
There were pyramids in Egypt, South America, North America and
  Cambodia. Were our ancestors all Atlantians at one time? Was
               Atlantis, if fact, Equitoria minor?
 November 15th, 2003—New information: source: article: No Moon.
15:43 2002-10-10
            Before the Flood, There Was No Moon

Was the Moon a part of the Earth?

It should be emphasized that there are many people who
perceive this only as a hypothesis. A computer analysis is not
convincing to everyone. It is surprising, but the Moon-s past
recreated by computer coincides with a lot of facts that were
written in ancient sources. It stands to reason that
coincidences are rarely incidental.
As it turns out, a lot of myths, legends, and tales say that there
used to be no Moon in the sky. The Moon appeared after the
Great Flood. This was noticed by the people who lived in the
south of Greece, as well as by African tribes and others.
However, there were a lot of ebb and flow traces found in
many ancient cities. As is well known, it's is the Moon that
causes ebbs and flows. This does not coincide with the no-
Moon theory before the Flood. However, if there was no Moon,
then maybe there was another celestial body to fulfill its
functions? Other sources say that there used to be two or even
several moons shining in the sky. It is not ruled out that those
other Earth satellites were ?in charge¦ of ebbs and flows.
The article goes on with speculations of other heavenly bodies
that may have provided the ebb and flow of the tides. My own
speculation is that the Sun alone could have been responsible
for a certain amount of ebb and flow. Perhaps even the bulge
could have exerted some force upon the seas. To read the
whole article ‘click’ on ‘no moon’.

      That’s it for taper theory for the time being. I’ll keep my
eye out for more connections. Your sourcing is invited.
 New thought: On pyramid building. Tuesday, Dec 9th, 03.

Is it possible that the great pyramids of the world were built a
much longer time ago than originally surmised? Think of the
tremendous weight of those blocks of stone. How could the
builders have accomplished the building with such primitive
methods of construction? Did they use techniques that have
been forgotten? Or…, at the time of building was the gravity
of the earth much less. If they were built when the earth was at
its‘—theoretically—larger size then would not the gravity
have been less and so the blocks much easier to move about?
When reading the ancient accounts on the lengths of the reigns
of pharaohs and the times spent in the building of the
pyramids, instead of thinking them exaggerations might it be
possible that these accounts are actually quite accurate. That
their world was markedly different than ours?
Just throwing ideas out here. Doesn‘t mean they‘ll connect.
I recall reading somewhere how a tribe living on one side of a
mountain will give the mountain a name. At the same time a tribe
living on the other side of the mountain, having no knowledge of
their neighbors, will have another name for the same mountain.
This has happened in the past and there are records of it.
Did Atlantians living in the western taper call their pyramid,
‗Alpha‘, while Atlantians in the eastern taper call their pyramid,
Did the two cultures-east and west-finally meet, crossing the
land bridges around the bulge and finally putting the two names
together: Alpha-Omega? Was the ‗fire in the middle‘ the sun;
the great eye of God, rising and setting on this enormous—
sacred– mountain, floating in the clouds?
Is it proper for ‗real scientists‘ to play at this type of wild

Dr. Richard Feynman said something to the effect that;
you pursue an avenue of investigation, all the while at the
back of your mind thinking, you could be going in the
wrong direction.

Or, to paraphrase, Dr. Peter Medewar, ―Science is one part
imagination and one part critical analysis.‖

Only time will tell.

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