TAPER THEORY A theory on continental formation by, T.F. O‘Sullivan For this theory on continental formation the earth starts out as a fiery ball. No solid land can be formed at this point, contrary to current theories, because its‘ molten surface is constantly in motion. Any cooled portions will be swept to the equator. The earth is also a much larger planet because it is very hot. And, because of its‘ enhanced size, the speed of rotation is much greater, as well. A large molten ball turning on its‘ axis in space. What is it that makes the earth turn? Is it the gravity of the Sun? The centrifugal force of the turning earth? Both? I don‘t know…, but I know it turns. Due to centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the earth, the fluid rock flows down from the northern hemisphere, and up from the southern hemisphere, to the equator. Tap water flows down the drain ‗Counter-clockwise‘ in the Northern hemisphere. ‗Clockwise‘ in the Southern hemisphere. All due to the rotation of the earth, centrifugal force, and gravity. Looking closer, as Newton predicted, the curvature of the earth has developed a ‗bulge‘ at the equator. Recent scientific surveys by satellite have measured the earth and have proven this to be correct. Gravity draws down on the band at the equator while the out wash, meeting with the resistance created by centrifugal force, creates a humongous ‗riptide‘, building many enormous ridges to the north and south of the equatorial band. Because the band around the equator is constantly being fed new molten rock, due to centrifugal force, it cools much slower than the surfaces to the north and south of it. Point of fact: the plates that compose the base beneath the oceans of the world, upon which the continents sit, are composed of Basalt which is a rock formed from quick cooling whereas the continents are formed of Granite, which is a rock formed by slow cooling. Basalt is very dense and hard while Granite is quite porous and light. If you are familiar with the way, Ice, is formed you will know that it has to start at the land and move outwards over the water. It doesn‘t start in the middle of the water and work its‘ way towards land. The same thing happens with a molten planet. The band, even though it is as hot as the surfaces to the north and south, will begin to accumulate cooled debris at its‘ ‗edges‘ which will eventually spread out over the surfaces of the large confluences to the north and south. These two ‗edges‘ are the only places where the motion of the liquid rock becomes static—where it will encounter a ‗slack tide‘ between the three moving surfaces: The northern flow-down, the band itself, and the southern-flow down. A slow cooling band at the equator; ridges forming along its‘ northern and southern boundaries. Slowly a hard surface pushes out, over the surfaces to the north and south, like ice. Its‘ leading edge providing a landing point for drifting, cooled, rock to attach itself. The surfaces north and south of the band are eventually covered with solid rock. Now there is a large discrepancy between the temperatures between the lower lands of the plates, and the higher ‗hot‘ elevations of the equatorial band. This difference in temperature allows for condensation to form in the atmosphere—rain begins to fall. Finally a crust begins to seal over the band. It will cool much slower than the plates because of its‘ elevation—the rains will run off to accumulate over the surfaces north and south of it. Over time the moving magma beneath this crust of the equator pools at an internally elevated spot beneath the band and starts to push out on the band producing a bulge. This bulge grows, in ‗fits‘, over many millions of years, drawing up the land to the east and west of itself, forming two large tapers. A portion of this equatorial band, opposite the bulge, is not drawn up with the tapers, and will be left behind. The bulge pulls the band into two tapers, east and west of itself, leaving a portion of the band behind. Looking within the earth, nowadays, we find that the central, iron core, is teardrop shaped. The sharp end of the teardrop is pointed towards the North Pole. The iron core of the Moon is, likewise, teardrop shaped, only it‘s sharp end is pointed towards the earths‘ waist. In theory, the two sharp ends of the cores were originally, joined; the natal core of the Moon being the fist which pushed out the bulge. Eventually the land mass of Equatoria Major,(the integral equatorial band), is severed entirely from the land mass opposite the bulge. Now the bulge resides in, Equatoria Minor, while the small portion it has detached and left behind has become its‘ own entity: Proto-Antarctica. Plant and animal life has already been evolving on the planet for many millions of years. Not that long ago all lands lay in the tropics and the oceans were huge—no ice at the poles! Now, time passes until we get down to a really big event happening at the end of the, Cretaceous period, which marks the beginning of the Tertiary period (The K/T boundary—about a million years ago.) and spells the end of around 70% of life on earth. The separation of the bulge: the birth of the Moon. The Moon is born, but many perish with its‘ birth. With the expulsion of the Moon, the cavity left behind collapses, sending an enormous shock wave through the earth, heading in the opposite direction, causing havoc for those that live upon its‘ surface. Oceans pour into the cavity and the screams, as violent jets of steam vent themselves, drown out the anguished cries of the worlds‘ prehistoric inhabitants. The earth turns milky white; its‘ surface hidden completely beneath a vale of thick cloud. Scientists have been trying to figure out why, if the Moon came from the earth then, how did it manage to get out so far from it. Also, why are the heavier metals, found beneath the surface of the earths‘ crust so prevalent on the surface of the Moon. And, how did it come about that the plates that make up the surface of the Moon, became fractured and then re-fused. The answers lie in a larger earth circumference; for speed of ejection, and a planet that finally shrinks. While a large portion of the moons‘ surface would obviously consist of materials found beneath the surface of its‘ mother planet. Furthermore, the moon does not orbit the earth at the equator. It‘s possible that when the earth shrunk that it deflated downward, with the equator dropping several latitudes in height. If we were to expand the earth so that the equator and the moon were on the same latitude would we then have the accurate size of the original earth? Back on earth, scientists have been puzzling over why there is so much ‗new‘ rock over top of ‗old‘ rock in Antarctica. Here may be the reason. As the shock wave reaches the opposite extremity of the earth it throws up lava atop Proto-Antarctica. This imbalance of weight causes the planet to begin a slow rotation of its‘ entirety. The area where the Moon has exited from starts to climb up the 90 % to where the exit location will reside over the northern axis point. Proto-Antarctica rotates downward to where it will hide, up until the late 19th century when it will finally be discovered by a British explorer and be dubbed: Antarctica; a huge, barren, ice covered waste land extending over the region of the South Pole. The shock wave, produced from the blasting away of the Moon, rushes towards Proto-Antarctica, deluging it with ‗new‘ molten rock. Eventually this molten rock will, for the most part, wash away, pin-wheeling Proto-Antarctica on it‘s axis. In addition, this covering of ice at the poles represents the coming of the ‗Ice Age‘. Some scientists have argued against an Ice age, pointing out that ice cannot travel up hill. (See: www.science-frontiers.com). In Taper Theory the ice does not move across the land but rather, the land shrinks and slides beneath the ice. In this manner ice can travel up hill because the ice remains stationary while the land travels down, underneath it. Previous, small, glaciations noted by scientist came about as a result of the growing spurts of the bulge which vented hot gases into the atmosphere causing great clouds and snow fall upon the bulge which, indeed, did slide down over the land around it, but not to the extent of the Great Ice Age that followed the Cretaceous period. Further, once the continents had swung into a north/south alignment and the ice caps formed, the size of the ice caps were consistent with the ratios of water evaporated from opened rents in the crust of the earth. When we look at how far down the ice flowed from the north, and how far up it traveled from the south, we see that the distance of travel corresponds with the shrinkage attained. The land in the southern hemisphere did not shrink very much beneath the ice so its‘ extent was only proportional to available moisture—a smaller ice cap. The land in the northern hemisphere did shrink substantially, and the ice cap was much larger due to the horrendous amount of moisture pushed up into the atmosphere. Being much larger, the distance that the northern cap has been logged to have progressed downward is indicative of its‘ immense size. This distance downward also reflects the amount of shrinkage of the earths circumference due to the caps tremendous weight. Once the continuity of the circumference of the earth had altered; even in the south, by a small margin, then the suns rays would have had access to these frozen regions; melting of the ice sheets would have commenced. Even so, there are still remnants of this glacial ice. Currently, scientists have been pondering why the world seems to be expanding. Perhaps the reason is that, with global warming, the remaining ice is melting away, and the earth is slowly reversing its‘ original shrink. Will the earth expand back to its‘ original size? I don‘t know. But if that‘s the scenario then volcanic activity will be on the increase and, somewhere down the line, another ice age may be in the offing. Only, this time, it will probably take much longer to form, which will mean a much longer ice age before the earth has shrunk back to a sustainable size. With the heavier, pin-wheeling Proto-Antarctica, off-setting the earths‘ balance, now that a large weight loss has occurred at the opposite extremity, the earth does a slow roll, the tapers shifting to a North/South axis, while Proto-Antarctica heads for the Southern axis point. The tapers are struck, while rotating upwards, by the returning shockwave that has turned on its‘ original course and latitude, cracking both of the tapers. The returning tail, from the Moon, punches a hole in one of the tapers, driving a corner beneath the top edge of the apposing taper. Now on a North/South axis, centrifugal force again comes into play, pulling the two tapers down and, in doing so, tearing them both apart. Because the earth is still in an expanded state, and beneath the tapers it is still molten rock, the continents are able to slide about. Later, when the earth shrinks and the sea floors buckle, this movement will no longer be possible. Evidence of this buckling, on the land, can be seen in areas where there are large sheets of older strata over younger strata. Sheets of 50 square miles in size have been recorded. This impact will form Hudsons‘ Bay, and will weaken the eastern upper corner of what will become North America, which will, at a future date be torn free, levering the Americas into the eastern tip of Eurasia. Apparently oil has been found at depths greater than where it should, in theory, be found. If we consider that flora and fauna have been proliferating on earth while, at the same time, the sea beds were still in an unruffled state then, perhaps when the continents slid over them, they slid on a greased surface, trapping this animal and vegetable debris beneath themselves. Debris which eventually became oil. One tapers‘ upper edge beneath the other. A hole where the molten tail from the Moon has returned to push the taper downward, and the fractures of the tapers by the returning shockwave. The tapers begin to pull apart as they slide down the vertical axis. Eventually the Americas, to the left, will pivot on Greenland, and be driven into the eastern tip of Eurasia. The impact will cause South America to drop down, pushed by boiling jets of steam, while Africa will head, fuming, to the West—Australia, chuffing to the East, nosing New Zealand along in front of it—Spain, still attached to Europe, will swing out westward, opening up the Mediterranean basin—sounds too incredible to be true?! However, the science is probably there. It doesn‘t matter the magnitude of the event, only the ratios, and the right conditions. After that it‘s all just; ‗cause and effect.‘ Now that there is land in There is still some the polar regions ice movement of the begins to form. The continents as their weight earth is still enveloped is enormous and have in a heavy shroud of caused cracks, or ‗fault‘ cloud and sunlight is far lines to appear. There is earthquake activity removed from these because of the stresses regions because of the being played against one still expanded state of another around the globe the world. It is because as it moves in towards the of these conditions that sun, and it‘s gravitational the world begins to pull, during the summer, shrink. As the snows and moves away from its‘ fall and are compacted pull during the winter. However, in this theory of and the ice thickens to continental formation, the many miles in depth, the continents are in their pressure on the globe is final resting places and immense. The ocean shall never move out of floors begin to fold them again. inwards in a stripe-like pattern, circumventing the large masses of land. Eurasia North America Viet Nam Central America Africa Australia New Zealand South America The final, and permanent, positioning of the continents as per the ‗Taper Theory‘ Well, that‘s the theory. And, it‘s only a theory, until all the facts are in and it can be proven otherwise. In case you were unaware of it, there are still many scientists who do not believe in ‗Continental Drift‘ theory. For further information on alternate ideas and objections to continental drift go to: www.science-frontiers.com. Did you find the ideas expressed in the forgoing presentation ‗interesting‘? Got a comment you‘d like to make on the ‗Taper theory‘? Want to share notes? firstname.lastname@example.org The fabled island: ATLANTIS Being as I‘m an amateur scientist, I can afford to speculate. I‘m not on a university or corporate payroll so I can go a little further outside of the box. I don‘t recall the source of this information but I do recall reading somewhere that the lost island of Atlantis was, ‗shaped like a snake‘. There was a great pyramid in the middle of the land. In the end of that civilization, the pyramid disappeared, swallowed by the sea. The land shook and fissures opened up and the people fell into them. This is, apparently, what Atlantis looked like. The diamond shape of the land is an ancient symbol for a snake; the shape in the middle is a representation of the great pyramid. Does this shape look familiar to you? Consider the Taper Theory; two tapers with the bulge in the middle. But, there were people living in Atlantis, right. Back at the time of the dinosaurs? I was looking for a picture of a dinosaur on the Internet to insert in this bit of fantasy and what did I find? An article about fossilized foot prints of both man and dinosaur, somewhere in Montana, U.S.A. The first picture on the page was a cartoon which I snatched up and installed on the next slide. But, consider this: Carbon dating has now been found to be inaccurate at deriving the age of an object. The inspection of fossilized trees has been discovered to seem much more accurate a method of determining age. Perhaps this method can‘t tell the whole story. However, it could be possible that man was around while the moon was still a part of the earth. Petrified trees are proving to be more accurate at dating the objects found buried around them. There may still be an earlier date for mankind out there buried with the cretaceous forests. I know that the moon was in pictures drawn and carved by many ancient cultures but, I wonder now, if there are any pictures of the moon in the very oldest pictures. Was there a time when there was no moon to draw though there were artists available to draw it, had there been one. And why did cultures in both the West and in the East build pyramids? Is it possible that they were just imitating something ingrained in their race memories from another ancient time, that they were both witness to? There were pyramids in Egypt, South America, North America and Cambodia. Were our ancestors all Atlantians at one time? Was Atlantis, if fact, Equitoria minor? November 15th, 2003—New information: source: SIS@knowledge.co.uk: article: No Moon. 15:43 2002-10-10 Before the Flood, There Was No Moon Was the Moon a part of the Earth? It should be emphasized that there are many people who perceive this only as a hypothesis. A computer analysis is not convincing to everyone. It is surprising, but the Moon-s past recreated by computer coincides with a lot of facts that were written in ancient sources. It stands to reason that coincidences are rarely incidental. As it turns out, a lot of myths, legends, and tales say that there used to be no Moon in the sky. The Moon appeared after the Great Flood. This was noticed by the people who lived in the south of Greece, as well as by African tribes and others. However, there were a lot of ebb and flow traces found in many ancient cities. As is well known, it's is the Moon that causes ebbs and flows. This does not coincide with the no- Moon theory before the Flood. However, if there was no Moon, then maybe there was another celestial body to fulfill its functions? Other sources say that there used to be two or even several moons shining in the sky. It is not ruled out that those other Earth satellites were ?in charge¦ of ebbs and flows. The article goes on with speculations of other heavenly bodies that may have provided the ebb and flow of the tides. My own speculation is that the Sun alone could have been responsible for a certain amount of ebb and flow. Perhaps even the bulge could have exerted some force upon the seas. To read the whole article ‘click’ on ‘no moon’. That’s it for taper theory for the time being. I’ll keep my eye out for more connections. Your sourcing is invited. New thought: On pyramid building. Tuesday, Dec 9th, 03. Is it possible that the great pyramids of the world were built a much longer time ago than originally surmised? Think of the tremendous weight of those blocks of stone. How could the builders have accomplished the building with such primitive methods of construction? Did they use techniques that have been forgotten? Or…, at the time of building was the gravity of the earth much less. If they were built when the earth was at its‘—theoretically—larger size then would not the gravity have been less and so the blocks much easier to move about? When reading the ancient accounts on the lengths of the reigns of pharaohs and the times spent in the building of the pyramids, instead of thinking them exaggerations might it be possible that these accounts are actually quite accurate. That their world was markedly different than ours? Just throwing ideas out here. Doesn‘t mean they‘ll connect. I recall reading somewhere how a tribe living on one side of a mountain will give the mountain a name. At the same time a tribe living on the other side of the mountain, having no knowledge of their neighbors, will have another name for the same mountain. This has happened in the past and there are records of it. Did Atlantians living in the western taper call their pyramid, ‗Alpha‘, while Atlantians in the eastern taper call their pyramid, ‗Omega‘? Did the two cultures-east and west-finally meet, crossing the land bridges around the bulge and finally putting the two names together: Alpha-Omega? Was the ‗fire in the middle‘ the sun; the great eye of God, rising and setting on this enormous— sacred– mountain, floating in the clouds? Is it proper for ‗real scientists‘ to play at this type of wild speculation? Dr. Richard Feynman said something to the effect that; you pursue an avenue of investigation, all the while at the back of your mind thinking, you could be going in the wrong direction. Or, to paraphrase, Dr. Peter Medewar, ―Science is one part imagination and one part critical analysis.‖ Only time will tell.