Poverty of Poverty Tourism Tourism

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Poverty of Poverty Tourism Tourism Powered By Docstoc
					On the tour Tourism Poverty Poverty

 tour of poverty
 Poverty Abstract poverty is a global problem, should be three levels of all-round
understanding of poverty. Because of its tourism industry characteristics determine its
poverty alleviation work plays an important role, is a useful means of poverty
alleviation work. Therefore, to understand all aspects of tourism pro-poor, and
actively take relevant measures to further strengthen the tourism industry's role in
poverty alleviation.
 Key words poverty and poor PPT mode

 one-round understanding of poverty,

 1, poor definition of
 can be divided into absolute poverty, poverty and relative poverty. Absolute poverty
refers to the clothing, food, shelter and medical care and other basic needs are not met.
Refer to relative poverty concept is a kind of inequality that do not share most people
consume goods are poor. In general, developing countries and countries in transition,
poverty refers to absolute poverty, poverty in developed countries means that absolute
poverty and relative poverty.
 2, the three levels of poverty,
 general understanding of poverty is low income, low consumption, but this is
actually the first level of poverty knowledge. The second level of understanding is in
addition to low-income and low consumption, the poverty is also reflected in the
nutrition and health education in other areas of human development, not a simple
economic indicators, but to the social indicators and human development indicators.
The third level of knowledge is further extended to no rights, no voice, there is
spiritual sense of vulnerability and fear, which is poor from the poor psychological
and cultural point of view to understand the poor.

 2, the level of tourism in poverty alleviation and development to improve the
important role of

 party's "17 Great" report stressed the need to raise the level of poverty alleviation
and development, which work to help the poor put forward new demands. PPT is the
use of tourism resources in poor areas, through the tourism industry to support local
economic development to bring about economic development in poor areas and
means of poverty alleviation model. PPT as a positive and effective tool for poverty
alleviation, adhere to the "people-oriented", emphasizing comprehensive, coordinated
and sustainable socio-economic development of poor areas and people, fully
consistent with the scientific concept of development of content and essential
requirements, which is determined by its increase The role of poverty alleviation and
development level of a huge, mainly in the following areas.
 1, contributed to the poverty-stricken areas of the four conversion
  poverty-stricken areas one can travel the invalid data into the existing resources
effectively. Second, poverty-stricken areas can be effective resources into
high-value-added products. Third, can the poor areas of tourism products into the
market of effective demand. Fourth, the market demand can be effectively converted
to poverty-stricken areas of the operating efficiency of all sectors of society.
  a lot of things in other industries where there is no possible role in tourism
development, but may be very important in the resources, tourism resources, there is
no concept of what is not available. Such as the desert, it is a product of
environmental degradation, the adverse impact on the environment are also factors.
All walks of life are far from the desert to their development significance. From the
tourism point of view, first of all to organize the desert tourism, followed by desert
adventure can be organized, the final achievement of human transformation of the
desert can become the object of desert travel. The Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, some
areas had to travel into the desert their main product. So no use of resources to the
tourism industry can be turned into a very effective resource, the key is how well the
four conversion work. Related examples fully reflect the tourism industry-related
advantages that can bring everything to his own use, and further transformed to
become high value-added products. The same time, tourism has a stronger integrated
in the process of transformation, will become operational effectiveness of all aspects
of society, not only travel agents or hotels, and other tourism Qi Ye to their own
benefit, but to make the community will benefit many industries. With this
transformation of the characteristics of the four, so that tourism in poor areas to
improve the level of poverty alleviation and development can play a very prominent
role.
  2, a poverty-stricken areas to achieve four levels of exchange
  First, as international visitors travel to poor areas, to achieve international exchanges
between the direct poverty-stricken areas to achieve the foreign exchange income.
Second, tourism revenue is allocated to the various industries in poor areas, to achieve
communication between the industry and formed the penetration and interaction
between industries. Tourism industry is highly integrated features, its transportation,
travel, housing, food, shopping and entertainment six elements, extending down the
socio-economic system, involving more than 100 industries, thus making travel
caused by a variety of benefits in the exchange between the various industries. The
third is to promote exchanges between urban and rural poor areas, in essence, to
complete yet another redistribution of national income. Fourth, it is a poverty-stricken
areas and other regions of exchange, which completed a local financial income
redistribution is the exchange of money and resources again. The four exchanges
more fully reflects the level of tourism, cross-regional, cross-sectoral nature, which
can raise the level of poverty alleviation and development play an important role.
  3, formed a multi-purpose all-round development of poor areas in promoting
  (1) economic aspects. In poor areas of tourism development, tourists stream as the
carrier, formation of a service flow and material flow, capital flow and talent driven
flow and stimulate the information flow and business flow, creating a cultural flow
and technology flow. The larger the flow, flow frequency, the more able demonstrate
the significance of tourism development and promotion of the role of development in
poor areas. In the long term, with the tourism industry grow from a new economic
growth point for the new pillar industries and power industries, naturally formed the
main economic function, multi-function hand pattern of the sound development of the
tourist industry in raising the level of poverty alleviation and development play a
greater role. Meanwhile, poverty is an important reserve area for tourism development,
the forming of many tourism products in the market are new products, and further
lead to relatively large market demand, so naturally in the process created a virtuous
circle pattern .
  (2) of the spirit. Poor region has a poverty culture, that mentality of poverty,
backward thinking, the spirit of the shortage. The development of tourism in poor
areas, through targeted Fu Chi, Fu Chi, to broaden local horizons, changing the
concept of local people to enhance self-confidence and self-consciousness, this
self-confidence and self in a certain sense, can be transformed into deeper level of
productivity, a poverty alleviation in poor areas to promote the most fundamental
driving force.
  (3) cultural and environmental dimensions. Poverty tourism for many years proved,
tourism development and culture and the environment are closely related, can
promote the improvement of the environment and cultural heritage and protection.
What sells is the environment and culture, environmental protection, mining and
cultural tourism development within a dynamic, and thus formed a deep interest
mechanism, ultimately the sustainable development of poor areas to lay the
foundation and create the conditions.
  tourist industry has been able to improve the level of poverty alleviation and
development play an important role, the objective is for the industry's own nature,
laws, characteristics, in particular, the market potential exists objectively determined.
The current situation on the Chinese market, the shortage economy has fundamentally
over, all industries will depend on market prospects, including poverty-stricken areas,
including regional development will also depend on market prospects. Which
industries have a market, which have real prospects for the development industry,
which determines the prospects for the future development of the tourism industry is
very bright, will certainly help the poor continue to enhance a greater role.

 3, to further enhance the level of the main pro-poor tourism measures

 1, highlights three advantages
 poverty-stricken area from tourism point of view, and generally has the following
three advantage. One good resource conditions. Because most are in poor areas
inaccessible places, resources will be preserved, forming a good condition. These
places often have very good tourism resources, a lot of good scenery, and often
"hidden in the mountains who did not know" and so gave birth to sustained
development. Second, less damage. Less destroy the other hand is to protect the good,
which means there is the advantage that the state can best be developed. For example,
there are many compound in Shanxi, as poor and preserved. 3 is a unique and strong.
Poverty-stricken areas retained authentic cultural and natural environment, forming a
very strong uniqueness, this unique development in tourism is easy to form their own
brand, easy to establish the true market market image, the three The advantage is most
prominent in poor areas are there.
  2, identify the three disadvantaged
  (1) regional conditions are relatively poor. Since access is poor, in the market is not
easy to form a very striking image.
  (2) weak infrastructure. Through the western development and expansion of
domestic demand, construction of infrastructure in poor areas with very large changes
in the vulnerable in this regard is gradually easing.
  (3) shortage of talent. Talent is characterized by the lack of immediate feel
vulnerable, and often after a period of time in development to be fully recognized.
The so-called poverty reduction in travel and money spent 好心办坏事 not place the
question, fundamentally speaking, this article from [worry document]
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lack of appropriate personnel of.
  3, handle three relationships
  (1) the relationship between resources and products. The relationship between
resources and products in poor areas is the primary issue of tourism development. At
present, many places simply with what resources, rather than focus on how these
resources into research products. Edge here also involves a host of other issues, such
as not all resources can be developed into products, the development of the severity of
the problem and the development of the timing issue.
  (2) the relationship between products and markets. Product to correspond to the
market, we must study market demand, market demand to develop anything. For
example, when Ciccio Courtyard development is successful, then followed out of a
pile on the king Courtyard, Chang Family Courtyard, etc., the direct role of the guests
in the shunt. In the long term, if the individual characteristics of each compound, it
will stimulate the flow of more to come, but it is not. To avoid the problem of product
homogeneity, we need to sub-grade products, market share levels. Correspond well,
the development will be effective. Also need to study the convergence of products and
markets and products similar problem. Tourism in the final analysis is to find
differences, no difference there would be no appeal, the difference of the formation of
unique tourism products is fundamental.
, therefore, not only during development to examine how development resources must
also study how to develop the market, these two develop together, the project can be
truly successful, tourism also can really play a role in poverty alleviation.
  (3) the relationship between development and protection. Must be developed under
the premise of protection, in the development of better protection. One advantage of
poverty-stricken areas is less resource damage, if damage to the process of
development, such as the development side of the weakened side was dominant. This
is a concept which is very important issue is understanding the problem is not in place,
many developers are imitative of. The more prominent attractions such as the current
urbanization, rural vulgar and so on. Protection of the first, is a fundamental
difference to meet the needs of tourists. The relationship between development and
protection from the point of view, this is the fundamental problem. This relationship is
handled well, there is capacity for sustainable development, the project can be truly
unique. Must recognize that tourism and the natural environment coupled relationship,
in the full protection of the environment to the same time, not neglect the human
environment, the protection of cultural heritage, so as to form a unique, in the market
are selling.
  4, to strengthen the three-building
  (1) to strengthen infrastructure construction. It is in recent years, various
departments and regions and the central focus of the work. Need to study the
operation of market-oriented way, including in the tourism infrastructure and other
issues on how to work hard. Many parts of the western way, many poverty-stricken
areas are, in essence, is the tourist road. Such as the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the
central decision to build the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the final determination is to
increase the tourist traffic.
  (2) strengthening the personnel. Talent development is a problem going out, is also a
problem, please come. With talented people can solve many problems, sometimes not
to rely on one person, but by a talent group, these problems need to be resolved.
  (3) strengthening the governance structure of the building. Structure building is two
levels. The first level is the level of government, how to form a good governance
structure tourism poverty. The second level is in the development process, the project,
how to form good governance. There is no good governance, investment can not be
truly implemented. Some parts of preferential policies to the limit, zero threshold, the
conditions are not, such a policy is no policy of staying power is beyond the
authority's policy of great instability, fickle, often scare off developers . Developers to
focus on the real partner, and read there a good mechanism. With good governance,
investment will be very smooth. Conversely, the institutional environment is not good,
do not form a rational management structure, investors will be gone even come.

 【Reference】
 [1] Wei Xiaoan: power in Tourism: China Tourism Industry Policy System [M].
China Tourism Press, 2003.
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the original author. / Center>