VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 6 POSTED ON: 8/11/2010
Literacy Training Literacy training experience literacy fun culture of literacy training experience feeling of literacy literacy fun primary school in Wuhan Yucai Qu Xiaoqing language curriculum standards stressed: "Literacy writing is the basis of reading and writing, is the focus of teaching grades 1-2. "intelligent life before literacy. Literacy teaching is the primary language teaching starting point for future language learning students will have far-reaching implications. Therefore, the new curriculum standards in the first stage of learning objectives section of literacy have a request: "love to learn Chinese characters, the desire to initiate literacy." The requirement to mention the very good, from the emotional attitude, is our previous Teaching lack. This love and desire to learn Chinese characters can become easier, more automatic access to students beginning the language on the interest. PEP curriculum standard textbook presentation of the full consideration the characteristics of the student's age, cognitive characteristics, physiological and psychological characteristics, the implementation of separate recognition to write more write less, to literacy and learning Chinese pinyin, learning and student life of Songs and Rhymes closely linked to literacy rich environment and cultural atmosphere, narrow the distance between literacy and student life. Its purpose is to stimulate students enjoy learning Chinese characters, the desire to initiate literacy. , however, many teachers in the specific implementation to reflect student literacy is difficult, because the square had not phonetic, nor the emergence of these characters from easy to difficult to follow the law, and memorizing large. Students also reflect the fear of some parents recognize Chinese characters, gradually do not like the language lesson. This continues, the problem may serious. After investigation, the following main reasons: the students in the literacy on the very different; teachers ideological importance of literacy is not enough, still prefer to spend a lot of time to analyze the understanding of the text, the class could not bear to spend time and effort literacy; students vocabulary few opportunities to meet regularly. The aspirations of students literacy initiative has not been well mobilized. Like learning Chinese characters, the desire to initiate literacy is advocated by the new curriculum standards. This love and desire of the educational needs of teachers in normal operation, to inspire, to nurture, how to inspire, how to train, in the implementation of the proposed new curriculum there is a good saying: "Teaching literacy to children as familiar with the language factor the main material. taking full advantage of children's life experiences, focusing on ways to teach literacy, and strive to know the combination. using a variety of visible teaching methods, create a variety of teaching situations. "earnestly study and understand these words, very enlightened, In the following some work done. 1, the creation of situation, in a good atmosphere in the literacy visual image using a variety of teaching methods, creating a variety of teaching situations, can effectively stimulate student interest in helping to train literacy, stimulate interest in literacy, but also help students cultivate a sense of language. Year of Jiangsu's a "literacy 3", the teacher created a beautiful literacy scenario, cause in the context of students desire to learn. , 1, drawing creation of situational classroom version of a circle around the exhibition with a few, the above picture is the park's beauty, the beginning of class, teachers lead students to visit these beautiful pictures for students to say watching to what? Pagodas, bridges, flowers, caves, swing boat ... ... the students to see these things is the word to learn today. Students in such a beautiful situation in literacy activities began. And teachers to enable students to discover the painting's little secret, the original painting some small windows, containing the word to learn today, the children one by one these little secrets to find out, the excitement was palpable, the teachers let the children read them words, the children's emotional big different. Read very interested, but because they found their own little secret. 2, Music creation of situational with these words is a beautiful painting, the teacher according to the characteristics of a very clever design is very interesting reading the words of the link. First read these words with a soundtrack into a poem to the children, and then let the kids side of the imagination screen, while reading, and read these words into a poem, the children read with Yaotouhuangnao, read with gusto. Accompanied by music teacher gave the students read. With easy cheerful music, children really like poetry readings, as intoxicated. This innovative design to isolate the words one by one into a beautiful picture, becomes a lovely verses. The rise of students time, and teachers read together with side edges also accompanied the action, boring even read the words become so interesting. In this relaxed atmosphere, students know the words, learn words, but also influenced by the beauty. Again, "Little River raft painting" lesson on the blackboard a beautiful stick figure: green seedlings, buzzing the water, flying birds, small fish swimming ... ... a good school of Southern scenery. The children were fascinated, some said: There are many trees, a lot of grass, looks like an oasis. Some said: beautiful river, stream flows like best. The teacher took the words: southern scenic and fertile land suitable for growing various crops, known as the "land of plenty." Today we got on with the raft and the little boy to enjoy the beautiful scenery of Jiangnan. Teachers use pictures and language situation inspired the creation of children's desire for further study. number of situations that make the creation of literacy education is made fun, but also reduces the difficulty of literacy, the desire to mobilize students in literacy. 2, respect for differences between students believe that the ability of students human development, the difference is absolute. A class a few dozen students from different families, pre-school education is a considerable difference, and some have recognized the hundreds of pre-school characters, others know only the words; student's own intellectual factors, differences in non-intellectual factors Some children will remember reading a few times, and some reading of 10 is difficult to remember a few times. If you do not take into account differences in students, uniform to the same requirements, must stifle the enthusiasm of some of the children's learning, based on good child enough to eat, lose desire for knowledge, based on the child has the going gets bad, the loss of confidence in learning. Would like to take care of the whole, the results no attention to. Such as: first-year volume to "literacy 1", the teacher before class, a job arranged for students to draw the eyes of the spring and the spring to write a word, or sentence, or songs. The operation designed to respect the differences of students reflects the level of the students according to their actual situation has a choice. The beginning of class, the teacher checks the students preview work, three levels of the election of a, the projection display. Were written by children is: "warmth of spring," "I like the colors of Spring," "Spring is coming, flying birds, and flowers open, light rain rustle, I laughed." Teacher of the three operations have been given due recognition, three children have a feeling of satisfaction, sense of achievement. This feeling is most beneficial to stimulate students interest and desire to continue learning. Another example is learning new words in this lesson, the teacher did not rush to teach students to recognize and read unification, but asked: "These words do you know? Know which school which." Excitement of students eager to have them read words they know. This part of the teaching, literacy and more children to fully demonstrate their abilities, proud of his self-satisfaction was palpable, less literate the children touched by different degrees, I hope next time there is an opportunity to show. three games in a variety of literacy and stimulate interest in Carolyn said; children's work is just a game in the game and inspire their thinking is they are most willing to accept. First year students is like the game, to lead students in a variety of game literacy, learning fun for students to really like characters, and a keen interest in literacy. Bruner said: "The greatest interest of learning, but interested in learning the material." Character is the oldest and most full of vitality of language, the ancient wisdom of working people. Interesting article on the Chinese characters, stories abound, students heard these stories, interesting article on the character created involuntarily curiosity. colorful game created in class for students to participate in literacy activities in a variety of senses at the same time, while learning while playing. Fully mobilize the student's literacy interest. For example, under first-year volumes of "literacy a" teacher designed this interesting literacy game: open the train reading, reading games, spelling games with word cards to do, look at the paintings affixed words and so on, these are loved by the event, which activities are to mobilize the students eyes, ears, mouth and brain to participate in a variety of sensory activities, students are always excited among the enthusiasm to learn in a happy and unconsciously play in understanding these new words. also often carry out the following game, growing interest in student literacy. For example, guess the puzzle: Creating the characteristics of teachers according to shape riddle, students guess the end, students guess the process is actually shaped the course of the memorial, which is different from the mechanical memorization of the memorial, is actively thinking activities, memory, impressive . Progressive teachers encourage students to use their brains to observe the puzzle, start associations, and the students worked alone or Creating puzzles for people to guess, the students see their classmates to guess the puzzle or guess will be happy to laugh, because he felt a kind of the joy of success. plus d songs, stories and vocabulary to send home to the new word to friends, and so on. 4, students actively in literacy, independent literacy one semester know 400 Chinese characters is an arduous task, in addition to stimulating student literacy interest, but also must vigorously develop students literacy skills . Diesterweg said: "Knowledge should not be passed on to students, but should lead students to discover them, independent control of them." Literacy teaching in which, if students passively recorded, mechanically copy, students will soon tired. Literacy teacher wishes only to mobilize students in the literacy process for students to master the methods of literacy, the formation of an independent literacy skills, to take the initiative to read, understand the joy of success, to make students interested in sustained, let alone become a student interested in a psychological satisfaction, the formation of the internal driving force to learn. 1, to help students find literacy methods and rules character itself has a certain regularity, in the process of student literacy, word of Chinese characters can be based on the law and children's cognitive law of literacy teaching. Teaching, teachers to teach him to "fish", seize the characters sound, form, meaning and connection methods to teach literacy and law students, students with analysis of shape, self-literacy skills. for example literacy Lesson 2 "mouth eyes and ears" of this class are all pictograms to guide students to observe the words and pictures, so that the students map and creating an association between the shape memory found in the contrast law, the words and figure very much like. Students not only to be quickly and accurately understand the word to remember, after the experience of these characters will use the growing number of rules to learn. Literacy Lesson 4, "the playground" a lot of Tonal, ball, shoot, run, ring, courses, etc. Contact ago learned some form of sound words, students from a lot of Representation realize Tonal Sound next to the table sound, form next to the semantic characteristics of the students easy to remember many words, gradually to be able to predict under the form next to the word meaning. And then realize learning Pictophonetic general approach to guess from the shape next to the meaning, pronunciation from the phonetic guess reading. In addition, there knowing law, association law, comparative law, etc., combined with text, teacher of natural infiltration of these methods, the students gradually came to understand by autonomous literacy, teachers encourage students to be bold in their study with these methods, students literacy skills in practice and gradually improve, more and more concentrated interest, felt the joy of creation. 2, let students choose their favorite way of literacy I said before, the children's literacy vary greatly. Therefore, we encourage children to choose their own way of literacy. Some are based on pre-school children, showing strong desire, let him as a teacher, taught us literacy, primary school teachers, primary school students are immense interest; Some children like to find small partners literacy, increase in exchange capacity; some like to read songs, stories in the language environment to consolidate; some like copying; some good ... ... as long as the student association as soon as possible to remember the character, method does not seek reunification. Students do their doing is not like that tired, but a pleasure, a heart to meet the demand. 5, the language environment in literacy primary characteristic of memory is stronger than the intention to memorizing the unconscious mind, remember that fast, forget something else. We found that the students generally have such an interesting phenomenon, the students learned the words to see a sudden not be read, but his mouth at once recited to the children's song where the word read out, so read into this word, one thinks of pronunciation came. This phenomenon has given us great inspiration: in a particular language environment, students will recognize, from the language environment, students easily forget. Help students do not really learn the word, the ultimate goal of literacy is to be used, regardless of where the word appears in all knowledge, when the need to express the meaning of this word, they can be accurately written. Therefore, teachers need to do the main work is to allow students from this course will recognize the transition to the environment in other languages can be recognized. This requires us to literacy teaching can not be isolated, must be read simultaneously, in the language environment, literacy, communication in the practice of extending language development. textbook of children's songs, verse fluently, students will soon be able to back down, but the square and are not going to recognize the. Therefore, the teaching of literacy and we learn words, learn words, combined oral expression, and guide students to a new set of vocabulary words, repeat sentences, the students have passed the literacy and their own life experiences, is the familiar language established contact with the environment and vocabulary. Can help students in a different language environment are aware of what they have learned the words. At the same time cultivating the students a variety of language skills, the development of the students thinking. Often combined with other along with the students learned the words to write some short funny songs, sentences written on the blackboard every day fixed "my creation" section in the consolidation of literacy and language development have been increased use of students in the creative enjoy the use of a great sense of accomplishment. combination of the text we have chosen a number of extra-curricular reading, subscribe to the Pinyin tabloid, and made themselves a copy of "synchronous read," to guide students to read, so that repeated the words learned, so that students in a different language environment fight face to face with these words, over time, in the language environment, through language practice, students improve comprehension skills, learned word engraved in mind, the effect achieved Reviewing the Old, while enriching the language students improve the level of awareness of students and the students are young love reading habits, students tasted the joy of reading, literacy will be more proactive, will know more words inadvertently. 6, so that the stage of life to become literate language is the mother tongue, everywhere and at all times, we place literacy teaching background of life, in life, literacy is very convenient, very important way to literacy. lot of material in the text itself is a creation of a real life scenario, such as "at home" "playground," "Optional Market" so closely linked with the lives of children, reflecting the student's family life, school life times life and reduce the distance of literacy and student life. Our teaching is not just limited to the text of the words, but to encourage students to clip newspaper share their memorizing of the text in these places is not the word. in school create a good atmosphere literacy. School, each student put his name on a beautiful card on the table, we break, the mutual understanding of each other on their names, will remember a lot of words. In front of the blackboard, the teacher learned new words every day depending on the preparation of one or two songs, ask the students free practice reading. Back to open a special column on the blackboard "I will believe," students will recognize themselves in extra-curricular words written on, or attached to the above, exchange students have a sense of accomplishment, great momentum. There are signs in schools, such as literacy for students to create a good environment. campus resources such as our fully tapped, according to characteristics of the school campus on the one "in the campus reading" courses, guide students through group cooperation, and explore ways of learning literacy initiative on campus, the students through the use of phonetic, ask people try guess their different means such as participation in practice, every student is happy to participate, greatly stimulated interest in literacy students anytime, anywhere. guide students in the community at any time anywhere literacy develop good habits. 4 carried out combining Garden of literacy in the life of the game, food packaging, billboards, street standard, road signs, Name Brand, TV, Kara OK, etc. have become students of teaching literacy, students never tired. after a period of training, teachers in general reflect the concentration of the children not only interested in literacy, literacy increased, and the reading ability of students than previously strong, led by the teacher can read a short phonetic reading. This article from [the website of Education] www.5udoc.com collection and sorting, to thank the original author. / Center&gt;
"Literacy Training Literacy training experience literacy fun"