"Morocco OBA Subsidies to Water Sanitation Connections in Poor"
Morocco: OBA Subsidies to Water & Sanitation Connections in Poor Peri-urban Areas The GPOBA pilot and the full scale INMAE project in the Greater Casablanca Christophe Cluzeau (LYDEC) Alain Mathys (Suez Environment) Background: Lydec • 30 years concession contract started on August 1st, 1997 • Management of 3 public services : • water • sewerage • electricity • Delegated authority : Regional Authority of Greater Casablanca • Total population : 4,5 million • Population without adequate access to water and sewerage : close to 1 million (145,000 households) INMAE objective : household connections for 145,000 families before 2010 in urban areas in rural areas INMAE project is integrated into the National Initiative for Human Development (INDH) Types of low income settlements Rural Urban The GPOBA pilot 2 neighborhoods : - Lahraouiyine (5.580 households) - Lemkensa (7.996 households) Value added of the GPOBA pilot • Understand the issues and put the problems on the table (progressive land tenure and ownership regularization, recognition of the population in illegal settlements, financing needs, etc.) • Clarify the role of all parties and allocate clear responsibilities on how to solve these problems • Strengthen the partnership between the parties, for and beyond the pilots, based on shared development objectives • Adapt LYDEC’s organization to meet INMAE objective (70 staff dedicated to the project) Challenges ahead: INMAE in Casablanca Before 2010 : Total GPOBA households coverage Relocation to social 30 000 housing Relocation to equiped 25 000 145 000 Hhs lots On site upgrading 85 000 6 200 (access to services) Relocation is integrated in publicly funded programs What about on site upgrading? Challenges ahead: INMAE in Casablanca Needs to expand service to “On site upgrading” : • Estimated cost : US$ 137m • Available local financing mechanisms (LYDEC, investment funds, user connection fees, local institutions) : US$ 87m • Financing gap : US$ 50m Next steps : • How to finance pilot project scale up ? • What role for the World Bank Group ? Thank you