SHORT-TERM AND LONG-TERM INVENTORY STRATEGIES OF MONGOLIA

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					    Sustainable Development Assessment of
           CDM projects in Georgia



                  Mariam Ubilava
                  Istanbul, Turkey
                21-22 January, 2008



1
    Legal Background



        Georgia ratified UNFCCC on 29 October 1994 and has
         accessed to the Kyoto Protocol on 16 June 1999;

        From the three mechanisms defined by the Kyoto Protocol,
         Georgia, as a Non-annex I party to the UNFCCC can
         participate only in CDM;

        Georgia satisfies CDM participation requirements:
         - Georgia participates voluntary in CDM;
         - Georgia has nominated CDM “Designated National
           Authority” (DNA);
         - Georgia is a Party to the Kyoto Protocol.

2
    “The Win-Win Mechanism”

    The dual aim of the CDM:
       To achieve SD in developing countries and
       Cost-effective reduction of GHGs in developing countries.

    Three dimensions of SD:

       Social Criteria : poverty alleviation, equity and improved quality of life;

       Economic Criteria: financial returns to local entities, a positive balance of
        payments and technology transfer;

       Environmental Criteria: reduction of GHGs and the use of fossil fuels,
        conservation of local resources, improved health and reduced pressure on local
        environment.
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    Contribution to Sustainable Development (SD)



       The traditional definition of SD is used from the Brundtland
        Commission report.

       As established under the article 12 of Kyoto Protocol the Purpose of the
        CDM shall be: “To assist Parties not included in Annex I in achieving SD
        and in contributing to the ultimate objective of the Convention”.

       It is the prerogative of the host Party to confirm whether a CDM project
        activity assists it in achieving SD or not.




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        CDM Designated National Authority (DNA)


        By the Decree of the Government of Georgia dated 20 January 2005 the Ministry of
        Environment Protection and Natural Resources of Georgia was appointed as CDM DNA.

    The main tasks of the CDM DNA is to confirm that:

       Georgia participates voluntary in CDM and in the Project;

       CDM project will assist Georgia in achieving SD;

       CDM Project has been in compliance with national environmental regulations;

       Stakeholders opinions have been considered and followed.




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    How CDM contributes to SD in Geogria???

       It is a case of project by project basis;

       No methods exist for measuring the total contribution
        of the CDM to SD;

       CDM DNA of Georgia developed SD criteria of CDM
        projects;

       The main task of the CDM National Board is to determine
        according to the SD criteria, whether the proposed project
        contributes to SD of the country.


6
    National SD Criteria and Indicators for
    CDM Projects



         National SD criteria and indicators for CDM projects have
          been formulated on the basis of Georgia’s National SD
          criteria and Georgia’s National environment and
          development priorities and strategies taking into account
          experience of countries similar to Georgia.

         Sectoral sustainability criteria and indicators suggested by
          relevant ministries have been considered as well.




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    SD Criteria of CDM Projects in Georgia

           Area                         Criteria                        Score      Comments
                                                                     (total 100)
                        .
                       1 Investor conditions                             5
                       2. Sustainable technology transfer                10
                       3. Project’s effect on economic
                       development of the region (project is
                       implemented in the economically
                                                                         15
                       disadvantaged region).
                       4. Employment generation                                       55
                                                                         5
         Economic      5. Project’s effect on the sustainable
                       development and other ongoing sectoral
                       programs and plans. (Economic
                       development and poverty reduction
                                                                         5
                       program, Millennium Development Goals
                       and etc.)
                       6. Share in the priority sector                   15
                       1 Stakeholder participation
                        .                                                5
                       2. Availability of better living conditions
                       (Material well-being)
                                                                         5            15
          Social
                       3. Capacity development (intellectual
                       capital)
                                                                         5
                        .
                       1 Fossil energy resources (fuel switch,
                       energy efficiency, renewable energy               10
                       sources)
                       2. Air quality                                    5
                       3. Water quality (impact on the
                       quality/quantity of local tap water)
                                                                         5
       Environmental
                       4. Impact on land resources (project’s                         30
                       effect on sustainable use of land                 5
                       resources)
                       5. Share in other global conventions
                       (Biodiversity, Desertification and others)
                       and agreements (Millennium
                                                                         5

8                      Development Goals)
                       Other Criteria
     Registered Project


    Project Title:                    Landfill Gas Capture and Power Generation
                                      Project in Tbilisi
    Sectoral scope                    1: Energy industries (renewable-/non-
                                      renewable sources)
                                      13: Waste handling and disposal

    Project host                      Tbilisi City Municipality
    Foreign partner                   “Simizu Corporation” (Japan)
    Methodology                       AMS-I.D, ACM001
    Crediting period:                 14 years (renewable)
    Estimated reductions in total     About 500,000 t CO2-eq

    Current status                    Submitted for registration
    Envisioned date of registration   5 April 2007
9
      Project Submitted for
      Registration



     Project Title:                  Refurbishment of Enguri Hydro Power Plant
     Sectoral scope                  1: Energy industries (renewable-/non-renewable
                                     sources)
     Project host                    Engurhesi Ltd.
     Foreign partner                 EBRD
     Methodology                     ACM0002 “Consolidated baseline methodology for
                                     grid-connected electricity generation from
                                     renewable sources”
     Crediting period:               10 years (fixed)
     Estimated reductions in total   About 2,500,000 t CO2-eq
     Current status                  Submitted for registration
     Envisioned date of              Tentatively 1st quarter 2008.
     registration


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     Projects Under
     Preparation



     Project Title:            Methane Leak Reduction from Natural Gas
                               Pipeline
     Sectoral scope            10. Fugitive emissions from fuels
     Project host              Georgian Oil and Gas Corporation
     Foreign partner
     Methodology               NM0172 (not approved)
     Crediting period:         Fixed – 10 years
     Estimated reductions in   Tentatively more then 4 000,000 t CO2eq.
     total
     Current status            Draft PDD completed
     Envisioned date of
     registration
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     Thanks for Attention on SD Assessment of
       CDM Projects !!!

     I Wish you cleaner air)))




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