MAURITANIA is a large West African country bordering the by zgu57974

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									MAURITANIA is a large West African country bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Two-thirds of the
land area of 1 million km2 is desert. Most of the population of 2.6 million lives in the southwest
where the Senegal River provides water for irrigation. Agriculture contributes 25% of the GDP.
Arable land is almost zero, but fishing and livestock activities are the main agricultural activities.




General information                                    • Inadequate and irregular input supplies:
  • GNI per capita PPP$, 2000: 1,630                     seeds, fertilizer, and credit
  • Internal renewable water resources: 0.4 km3        • Lack of small farm equipment, especially
  • Incoming water flow: 11.4 km3                        for postharvest operations
  • Main food consumed: wheat, rice, sugar and         • Lack of effective farmers’ organizations and
    honey, fruits, roots and tubers                      cooperatives
  • Rice consumption, 1999: 62.4 kg milled rice        • Competition for labor by other production
    per person per year                                  activities
                                                       • Lack of a well-defined rice policy
Production constraints                                 • Poor road networks and marketing systems
There are several constraints to sustainable rice      • Weak research and extension support
production in Mauritania:
  • Heat-induced sterility during the off-season
    in irrigated areas                                Production season
  • Saline soils                                                            Planting     Harvesting
  • Cold-induced sterility in December               Main season             Jun-Jul      Nov-Dec
  • Poor maintenance of irrigation facilities        Off-season             Feb-Mar       May-Jul
  • Poor drainage in irrigated schemes
  • High production costs



192   Rice almanac
Percent                                                             Index (1966 = 100)
100                                                                 16,000

                                                                    14,000               Production
 80                                         Calorie share
                                                                                         Area
                                            Protein share           12,000               Yield

 60                                                                 10,000

                                                                     8,000
 40                                                                  6,000

                                                                     4,000
 20
                                                                     2,000

 0                                                                            0
 1966       1971    1976      1981   1986    1991     1996 1999              1966 1971     1976     1981     1986     1991     1996 2000
        Share of calories and protein from rice, 1966-99                 Indices of rice production, area, and yield, 1966-2000

                                                                    The scale on this graph is not comparable with the scale on
                                                                    production, area, and yield graphs for most other countries.


Kg/capita                                                            Percent
500                                                                  100
                                                                      80                                                      Exports
400                                                                   60
                                                                      40
300                                                                   20
                                                                         0
200                                                                  –20
                                                                                                                              Imports
                                                                     –40
100                                                                  –60
                                                                     –80
  0                                                                 –100
 1966       1971    1976     1981    1986    1991    1996 1999        1966        1971      1976      1981   1986      1991     1996 1999
          Per capita production (paddy terms), 1966-99                                      Net trade status, 1966-99




Basic statistics, Mauritania

                                                     1985         1990           1995              1998         1999            2000
Rice
Area harvested (ha)                                   5,000       15,551         13,418         25,100         19,600           24,000
Yield (t/ha)                                            5.0          3.3             3.9            4.1            5.0              4.3
Production (t)                                       25,000       51,796         52,813        101,900         98,500          103,400
Rice imports (t)                                    105,100       44,600         70,000        106,900        122,300                na
Others
Population, total (×103)                              1,766        2,026          2,329             2,529           2,598               na
Population, agriculture (×103)                        1,119        1,118          1,259             1,349           1,379               na
Agricultural area (×103 ha)                          39,555       39,656         39,760            39,750              na               na
Irrigated agricultural area (×103 ha)                    49           49             49                49              na               na
Total fertilizer consumption (t)                      2,010        3,900          4,000             2,100              na               na
Tractors used in agric. (no.)                           320          335            330               380              na               na
Source: FAOSTAT online database.




                                                                                                        Rice around the world       193

								
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