Eco-tourism Development of eco-tourism in China by fdjerue7eeu


									Eco-tourism development of eco-tourism in China

 Eco-tourism Development in the
 Abstract This article analyzes the current development of eco-tourism and
development in principle, described in detail the basis of eco-tourism area
development and planning principles and attention.
 【Keywords】 environmental capacity of the economic effectiveness of eco-tourism

 With the emergence of eco-tourism development, research on eco-tourism came into
being. From the theory and practice of eco-tourism study, people gradually realize the
rapid development of tourism and environmental protection, there was a contradiction
between the proposed theory of sustainable development, and recognizing the need
for the development of eco-tourism.

 1 eco-tourism made

  1.1 The concept of eco-tourism
  1986 meeting in Mexico in the international environmental conference on the
ecological tourism (ecotourism) in concept. Ecotourism is a foreign word, the words
on this new world, yet there is no accepted definition. Different users tend to be
interpreted from different perspectives, some of these interpretations are very similar,
some very different, or even not talking about a level of contents. Chinese and foreign
scholars from more than 70 articles on eco-tourism concept and content of the
interpretation, we can clearly see: Eco-tourism is based on natural resources
(including the particular cultural area), based on ecological ethics with a high-level
protection sex tourism. This is conducive to the promotion of tourism to local
economic development and create sustainable employment opportunities, is the theory
of ecological economics and ecological tourism resources under the guidance of a
sustainable land use and regional model of sustainable tourism development.
  1.2 Eco-tourism development status
  In recent years, the latest wave of eco-tourism as tourism products are attracting a
growing number of tourists, global eco-tourism in the ascendant, in particular the
United Kingdom, United States France, Canada, Australia, Brazil, Japan, Spain,
Switzerland and other developed countries, tourism, eco-tourism is popular in the
world, become a new fashion.
  Although the ultimate aim of eco-tourism is to improve the tour, promoting tourism
to eco-environmental cycle, only to be used on the ecological environment. However,
any form of tourism activities including eco-tourism, the tourism environment will
have some impact. Development of eco-tourism, not good plans, it could cause
serious environmental issues of eco-tourism, it will hinder the sustainable
development of tourism.

 2 the development of eco-tourism principles
  eco-tourism to be more and more people are favored, as with sustainable tourism and
ecotourism, the ideal place. However, eco-tourism zone (land) belonging to the
natural eco-sensitive area, carrying out the tourism industry can easily damage the
ecological environment.
  2.1 harmonious development of man and nature, the principle of
  development of eco-tourism development and management of the principal
contradiction is the contradiction between man and nature. Therefore, how to deal
with the relationship between man and nature, and promote harmonious development
between the two, the development of eco-tourism development has become an
important principle.
  include eco-tourism as between the human and natural relations is draw, it carried
out its development and management must establish harmonious view of man and
nature and use it as guide to form ecological environment and tourism economic
development of Xin Shuangxiangchixu pattern.
  2.2 economic efficiency and ecological safety compatible with the principle of
  coordination of economic efficiency refers to the people active in developing
tourism economy should be the most effective use of ecological resources.
  is the ecological safety of the people in the organization of economic activities,
tourism, should be effective protection of natural ecosystems and natural resources, so
the ability to maintain presence and regeneration.
  2.2.1 Management will focus on in measuring the effectiveness of the economy
  measured mainly in three aspects: first, the management system for economic
development is positive, not negative, it is necessary to promote economic
development top priority. Second, to obtain resources and natural ecosystems should
be appropriate and adhere to control the extension of unlimited expansion of
production, against plunder or to use natural resources and tourism landscape of
ecological resources. Third, the use of natural ecosystems to the full in order to be
able to provide more eco-tourist experience and ecological knowledge. Only do the
top three, to give full play to eco-tourism attraction, so that tourism revenue can be
  2.2.2 to locate the ecological safety of
  on the economic efficiency and ecological safety of the two indexes, one can clearly
see: the process of economic development in the tourism, economic and effective and
ecological security are inconsistent and uniform in the overall positioning. The
conflict lies in the unlimited growth of the economy posed a threat to the ecological
security, its unity mainly for the two can combine and transform.
  2.3 ecological benefits, social benefits, economic benefits overall unifying principle
  eco-tourism eco-efficiency is a prerequisite for sustainable development and material
basis; social benefit is the original driving force of eco-tourism development;
economic benefit is the eco- tourism development and management of major tension,
from a leading role. Three benefits are indispensable conditions for the development
of eco-tourism.
  3 eco-tourism development and planning should pay attention to the problem
  (1) to develop special plans for eco-tourism area, we must pay special attention to
ecological carrying capacity, which is eco-tourism environment capacity.
  capacity refers to the eco-tourism environment in a Tourism Environment (refer to
the tourism environment system) in the present state and structure of the combination
does not occur on modern people (including tourists and local residents) and the
future of people from harmful changes (such as environmental aesthetics value of
impoverishment, ecosystem destruction, pollution, less comfort in such processes)
under the premise of a period of time sightseeing or attractions, scenic tourist numbers
can bear.
  (2) of the eco-tourism business management training plan
  successful eco-tourism depends on the senior tour, the cooperation of competent
managers, and skilled management personnel there skills training they need for
effective and good education. Therefore, staff engaged in eco-tourism must be
vocational training posts, especially the tour guide should possess deep scientific
knowledge. On all those engaged in eco-tourism and eco-environmental ethics
officers ideological education, so that all people recognize the eco-tourism based on
ecological ethics as a guide, the Fazhanmubiao eco-tourism and environmental ethics
Yaoqiu and is the same objective. Eco-tourism emphasis on environmental awareness,
the natural sense, to arouse the consciousness of mankind to protect the ecological
  (3) eco-tourism area of environmental protection and community residents are
directly related to the vital interests of the
  only to protect the interests of local residents are not against the conditions,
eco-tourism to normal and sustained development. Many experiences show that for
local residents involved in eco-tourism management and services, such as guides,
sanitation personnel, dormitory management, restaurant services, arts and crafts
processing etc. as they create more job opportunities, enabling them to improve the
living will directly or indirectly, to arouse their attention on the environmental
protection work, and inspire their participation in the protection of the initiative, to
reduce demand for resources due to environmental pressures. Of course, local
residents involved in the management and services must undergo a rigorous training.

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 [3] Xu Bravely, Haynin Hill, Li-Hua Li. ecology theory in eco-tourism application
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 [4] Lu Yunting, Wang Jianjun. Ecotourism. Beijing: Tourism Education Press, 2001.
 [5] Luyun Ting, Wang Jun. of eco-tourism. Beijing: Tourism Education Press, 2001.
 [6] He Chunyan. from the three major benefits of eco-tourism eco-tourism activities
and then on the form. Tourism Tribune, 2004,19 (1): 77.
  [7] LIU Jia-ming. ecotourism destination of sustainable development planning.
regional tourism development and management. Ocean Press, 1988.113.
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