Metrology in Chemistry Status report of Lithuania by svz21045

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									    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    DIRECTORATE GENERAL JRC
    JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE
    IRMM
    Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements




     Metrology in Chemistry :

    Status report of Lithuania




       A. Galdikas, P. Serapinas,
I. Papadakis, P. De Bièvre and P. Taylor




                EUR 20233 EN




  Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements
                European Commission-JRC


               This report was written in co-operation with




               Semiconductor Physics Institute
                     Vilnius, Lithuania
                 EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                 DIRECTORATE GENERAL JRC
                 JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE
                 IRMM
                 Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements


                                                                      GE/R/IM/13/02


                                                                      January 2002




                    Metrology in Chemistry :

                  Status report1 of Lithuania


                   A. Galdikas, P. Serapinas,
            I. Papadakis, P. De Bièvre and P. Taylor




                               EUR 20233 EN




                Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements
                              European Commission-JRC


                              This report was written in co-operation with




                               Semiconductor Physics Institute
                                     Vilnius, Lithuania


1
 project realised with funding of the JRC PECO funds (budget lines : BGUE-B2000-
B6111000-R0-JRC/GEL 41 D 4P21 ; BGUE-B2000-B6451000-R0-JRC/GEL 41 D 4P21)
Acknowledgement

The authors are sincerely thankful to all that supported their work. Special
thanks are owed to Dr. Mudis Šalkauskas (Institute of Chemistry) whose
input in the Report are of tremendous value. Sincere gratitude is expressed to
Mr. Osvaldas Staugaitis, Director of State Metrology Service, and Dr.
Antanas Pauža, Chairman of Lithuanian Metrology Council, for their attitude
and support of the work. Thanks also to Mrs Irena Verchoveckiene, Dr. Julius
Petraitis, Dr. Bronius Giedraitis, Mr. Vidmantas Paulauskas and many
others who provided the necessary information concerning not only their
laboratories but also the overall situation in chemical analysis in Lithuania.
This report was written in co-operation with State Metrology Service of
Ministry of Environment, Lithuania.
CONTENTS

1. ABSTRACT
2. METROLOGY SYSTEM IN LITHUANIA
    2.1. Introduction
    2.2. State Metrology Service (VMT)
            2.2.1. Virtual National Metrology Institute
                    2.2.1.1. Vilnius Metrology Centre
                    2.2.1.2. Semiconductor Physics Institute
                    2.2.1.3. Lithuanian Energy Institute
                    2.2.1.4. Institute of Physics
                    2.2.1.5. Chemistry Institute
                    2.2.1.6. Brown and Sharpe-Precizika
    2.3. Metrology Council
    2.4. Metrology Inspection
    2.5. National Accreditation Bureau
    2.6. National Standards Body
3. CURRENT STATE OF THE METROLOGY IN CHEMISTRY
    3.1. Introduction
            3.1.1. Certified reference materials and reference materials
            3.1.2. Inter-laboratory comparisons
    3.2. Activities under responsibility of the Governmental Bodies
            3.2.1. Ministry of Economy
                    3.2.1.1. Inspection of the non-provisional products
            3.2.2. Ministry of Environment
                    3.2.2.1. Joint Research Centre
                    3.2.2.2. Lithuanian Geological Survey
                    3.2.2.3. Centre of Marine Research
                            3.2.2.3.1 Hydrochemistry Department
                            3.2.2.3.2. Ecotoxicological Department
            3.2.3. Ministry of Health
                    3.2.3.1. State Accreditation Service for Health Supervision Activities
                    3.2.3.2. Institute of Hygiene
                            3.2.3.2.1. Occupational Medicine Centre
                    3.2.3.3. National Nutrition Centre
            3.2.4. Ministry of Agriculture
                    3.2.4.1. State laboratory for milk control "Pieno Tyrimai"
                    3.2.4.2. The Food Institute
            3.2.5. State Food and Veterinary Service
                    3.2.5.1. National Veterinary Laboratory
            3.2.6. Ministry of Justice
                    3.2.6.1. Forensic Centre
            3.2.7. Ministry of Finance
                    3.2.7.1. Department of Customs
                            3.2.7.1.1. Customs Laboratory
                    3.2.7.2. Lithuanian Assay Office
            3.2.8.Ministry of Internal Affairs
                    3.2.8.1. Service of the Criminal Investigations
                    3.2.8.2 Fire Research Centre
            3.2.9. Ministry of Education and Science


                                             1
4. EDUCATION AND TRAINING
       4.1. Introduction
       4.2. Institutions in Education and Training
5. NON-GOVERNMENTAL BODIES
       5.1. Technical Committee TK 16 Chemical Analysis
       5.2. EURACHEM-Lithuania
       5.3. Lithuanian Chemical Society
       5.4. Lithuania n Society of Laboratory Medicine
6. CHEMICAL LITERATURE
       6.1. Textbooks and manuals
       6.2. Periodicals
7. LABORATORIES
8. CONCLUSIONS
9. LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
10. ANNEXES
       Annex 1. References
       Annex 2. Spreadsheets
       Annex 3. Documents




                                            2
1. ABSTRACT

In this report, the main aspects of the present state of metrology in chemistry in Lithuania are
presented. The state of metrology in chemistry can hardly be described without the knowledge of
the general metrology, therefore the most important information about the overall metrology
system in Lithuania is presented as well.

The information presented in the report was collected in co-operation with the experts of various
institutions in special fields (governmental bodies, universities and institutes, analytical
laboratories). The information covers activities and responsibilities of governmental, education,
non-governmental institutions and private companies. The key institutions and their activities are
summarized in short in Table 1. More detailed information can be found in the main text.
Annexes include tables summarizing data on functions of various institutions in special fields
and tasks (food, environment, clinics); and a bibliography, including the list of the main laws and
regulations regarding metrology in chemistry in Lithuania.

Table 1
 Institutions and their main responsibilities     Type of institution according to funding
                                                  Governmental Non-                      Private
                                                                      governmental
 National Metrology Service                       X
 •       Legal metrology
 •       Industrial metrology
 •       Propose national legislation
 National Accreditation Bureau                    X
 •       Accredited labs
 •       Education and training
 National Standardization Body                    X
 •        Adopt European and international
          standards as Lithuanian ones and
          issuing them
 Laboratories                                     X                                     X
 •       Perform analysis in regulated areas
 •       Perform monitoring
 •       Perform analyses
 •       Perform certification
 Ministries (various)                             X
 •        Propose and implement national
          legislation
 •        Authorize labs to perform measurement
 Scientific institutes                            X                  X
 •       Research
 •       Monitoring
 Universities                                     X                  X                  X
 •       Education
 •       Research
 Inspection bodies                                X
 •       Metrology inspection
 •       Metrology centres
 Societies                                                           X
 •       Education
 •       Professional


                                                  3
2. METROLOGY SYSTEM IN LITHUANIA

2.1 Introduction

The Lithuanian metrology system is based on the Law of Metrology of 9 July 1996 [L1] (Annex
3), which harmonizes with the European legislation, supplemented by Resolutions of the
Government No. 518 of 27 May 1997 [1], No. 321 of 20 March 1998 [2] and No. 324 of 23
March 1999 [3]. According to the Law the national metrology system consists of: Metrology
Council, an institution authorised by the Government to implement the state metrology policy
(State Metrology Service), state (standards) laboratories, accredited (verification or calibration)
laboratories, Metrology Inspection. Activities of the other two institutions important in
implementation of the national metrology strategy, National Accreditation Bureau and National
Standards Board, are briefly reviewed here as well.

2.2. State Metrology Service (VMT)

The State Metrology Service is the national body responsible for development and
implementation of the government policy in metrology, establishment and maintenance of the
national standards and assurance of measurement traceability in Lithuania [4]. VMT acts as a
National Metrology Institute operating through decentralized organisation. VMT is responsible
for drafting and implementing legislation on metrology, authorises procedures of foundation of
the state standards and programs of preparation of metrology specialists, approves the list of
measurement instruments obligatory for verification [5] and labs performing verification.
Between others, 5 metrology centres working in different regions of Lithuania, are included in
the last list. Expertises of national laws and regulations concerning measurements and
measurement data prepared by other institutions are not being undertaken.

Lithuania is an associated member of the Conference Generale des Poids et Mesures and
Euromet, represented by VMT. The experts for each quantity are from Virtual National
Metrology Institute that is working at the highest national level for their specific subject field.
The contact person for subject field Metrology in chemistry (MetChem) was not nominated yet.
From the organization point of view, VMT as well as other institutions in close relation to
metrology: Lithuanian National Accreditation Bureau and Lithuanian Standards Board, are
independent governmental bodies at the Ministry of Environment.

2.2.1. Virtual National Metrology Institute

According to the government resolution No. 518 of 1997 amended by No. 324 of 1999, six
institutes and companies are authorized to develop national standards for 23 measurement
quantities. The decentralized organization consisting of those institutions and guided by VMT
can be regarded as a “Virtual National Metrology Institute” (NMI). The institute covers aspects
of scientific (fundamental) metrology as well. The internationally recognised abbreviations of the
members of Lithuanian virtual NMI are as follows:
VMT/VMC – Vilnius Metrology Centre
VMT/LEI – Lithuanian Energy Institute
VMT/PFI – Semiconductor Physics Institute
VMT/FI – Physics Institute
VMT/ChI – Chemistry Institute
VMT/BSP - Brown & Sharpe-Precizika



                                                4
On behalf of this national metrology institute VMT signed the Mutual Recognition of National
Measurement Standards and of Calibration in 12 April, 2001, and is a corresponding applicant to
EUROMET.

2.2.1.1. Vilnius Metrology Centre

Vilnius Metrology Centre (VMT/VMC) is a state company and operates partly as a commercial,
non-profit, calibration laboratory, partly as a national standards laboratory. Vilnius Metrology
Centre is organized in three separate laboratories: State Standards and Calibration Laboratory,
Verification Laboratory and Testing Laboratory. Lithuanian fund of verification methods is
established at the Centre since 1999.

State Standards and Calibration Laboratory
The state standards and calibration laboratory is accredited by the Dutch Council for
Accreditation RVA. State Standard of gauge block and Mass, Pressure, Direct Current Voltage,
Resistance Temporally State Standards are maintained in this laboratory.

Verification Laboratory
The Laboratory performs initial and subsequent verification of measurement instruments in the
fields of Geometrical Quantities, Mass, Mechanical Quantities, Physical and Chemical
Quantities, Electromagnetic and Radio Quantities, Thermometry and Pressure, Tachometer and
Taximeter verification, and Dosimetry.

Testing laboratory
At the customer's request, Centre specialists make maintenance and repairing of measurement
instruments. The Laboratory performs type approval tests of measurement instruments.

2.2.1.2. Semiconductor Physics Institute

Temperature and Time & Frequency standards of Lithuania have been developed and are kept at
the institute. Traceability of the measurements is ensured by participation in comparisons at
international level. Establishment of the standards for resistance, voltage and current are in
process.

Establishment of the mass-spectroscopy laboratory for reference chemical measurements is
foreseen in the nearest future. ICP MS “Finnigan-2” as well as the main equipment for sample
preparation is expected to be installed this year.

2.2.1.3. Lithuanian Energy Institute

Lithuanian standards for air and water volume, flow rate, air velocity and liquid fuel flow rate
have been developed at the institute. The Lithuanian Accreditation Bureau has accredited the
Laboratory of Heat Equipment Research and Testing for air and liquid fuel volume and flow rate
measurements according to ISO 17025. The Laboratory is also accredited to perform testing
according to various standards e.g. ISO and EN. This field covers water meters, heat meters,
temperature sensors, gas volume computer-correctors, heaters and boilers, cooling appliances, air
heaters, gas taps and valves.




                                               5
2.2.1.4 Institute of Physics

Three laboratories of the institute are active in the fields related to the chemical measurements,
mainly in the environment.
Nuclear and Environmental Research Laboratory: measurements of activity of the alpha-, beta-
and gamma-ray emitting radionuclides, radionuclide metrology. Development and maintenance
of the national standards in the field of ionising radiation is planned for the future.
Atmospheric pollution research laboratory: measurement and investigation of concentrations,
migration, bioaccumulation and transportation of trace metals in the environment.
Environmental Physics and Chemistry Laboratory: dispersion of pollutants in environment,
including gaseous NH3 , HNO3 , SO2 , NOX, O3 , CO 2 , H2 S, etc as well as particulate (SO4 2-, NO3 -,
Cl-, NH4 +, Na+, Ca+, K+, B(a)P, etc) pollutants, indoor and outdoor bioaereosols, influence of
meteorological parameters on the urban air pollution.
The laboratories participate regularly in international inter-laboratory comparisons.

2.2.1.5. Chemistry Institute

The Chemistry institute is responsible for pH reference measurements and production of
reference materials. No results in the fields are available as yet.

2.2.1.6. Brown and Sharpe -Precizika

Company Brown and Sharpe-Precizika Ltd was charged with foundation of the length and angle
standards. However, very little is done in this field at the moment.

2.3. Metrology Council

According to the Law, the State Metrology Service sets up the Metrology Council which
operates as a consulting body for metrology. Its assignments are to function as a technical
consulting body on strategic problems of metrology, make proposals on projects and state
programs in development of metrology, advise in identifying the metrology needs, development
of laws and regulations. The personnel and working rules of the Council are under approval of
the Metrology Service. The members are representatives of the various state institutions,
including experts of metrology.

2.4. Metrology Inspection

Established in 1996 by adoption of Lithuanian National Law on Metrology, Metrology
Inspection acts as independent governmental institution and is subordinate to the Ministry of
Justice. Metrology Inspection is performing independent controlling actions of the legal entities
that produce, store, use, sell and repair measuring instruments and equipment for verification and
calibration.

The main tasks of inspection are state metrological control of measuring instruments,
measurements, quantity of goods, and registration controls of verifying signs of measuring
instruments, manufacturing, distributing, using documents confirming verifying and calibrating.




                                                  6
2.5. National Accreditation Bureau

The functions of the national accreditation body fulfil the Lithuanian Accreditation Bureau (LA),
acting according to the Law on Conformity Assessment [L2] and other regulations. The Bureau
is responsible for accreditation of testing, calibration laboratories, certification bodies for
products, quality systems and personnel and for inspection bodies as well.

LA was established as an independent institution since 1 January 1998. Now it operates as
independent institution under the Ministry of Environment [6]. LA is reportable to Accreditation
Council composed of 15 representatives from the Governmental institutions, associations of
consumers, manufacturers, businessmen, testing laboratories, academia, certification, inspection
bodies, LST, State Metrology Service.

The legal basis
The main provisions of the relevant documents of the European Commission and European
Council on the Global Approach enabling to create preconditions for the establishment of
agreements on the mutual recognition of the results of the activities of conformity assessment
bodies are adopted in the Law on Conformity Assessment [L2] of the Republic of Lithuania, 6
October 1998. The Law covers regulated and non-regulated sectors and includes accreditation,
testing, certification, inspection, supplier’s declaration. The Law defines the structure of
conformity assessment system, subjects of conformity assessment, functions of the participants
of the system and their responsibilities as well as other issues.

The normative basis
Accreditation activity in Lithuania is based on:
1) EN 45000 series standards adopted as Lithuanian national standards;
2) ISO/IEC standards
3) ISO/IEC Guides;
4) EA application documents;
5) ILAC documents;
6) IAF documents;
7) Lithuanian guidance documents on accreditation.

Sectorial Accreditation Committees
The advisory Sectorial Accreditation Committees have been established in the following fields:
       • construction materials and products;
       • metrology;
       • mechanical, electrical engineering and information technology;
       • chemical analysis;
       • microbiological analysis.
The activities of the Committees are aimed at technical activities, participating in defining of
special accreditation requirements within their scope, organizing of PT and inter-laboratory
comparisons in Lithuania, advising LA in the selection of assessors, etc.

Appeals Commission
Appeals Commission is set up by Accreditation Council. The Commission investigates appeals
and complaints against the activities of LA.




                                               7
Accreditation activities
Currently, there are accredited: 36 testing laboratories, 21 calibration laboratory and 6 products
certification bodies and 1 inspection body. Chemical tests are included in 9 of the accredited
laboratories, 3 accredited laboratories are analytical. Two of those were accredited by foreign
accreditation bodies.

International Co-operation
One of the tasks of LA is to seek for the international recognition of activities of the accredited
organizations (test reports, certificates of conformity) and to enable Lithuania to become the
country – signatory of EA Multilateral Agreements. LA seeks it through co-operation with EA.
Lithuanian Accreditation was accepted as full member of EA during the 3rd EA General
Assembly in June 1999. LA co-operates with an Accreditation Bodies of Germany, Sweden,
Netherlands, Norway, also of Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Slovakia and Bulgaria within the frame of
the relevant Agreements on co-operation.

2.6. National Standards Body

The National Standards Body (earlier Lithuanian Standardization Service, later Department,
according to the new Law on Standardization [L3] Lithuanian Standards Association) is
responsible for preparation, approval or adoption of the Lithuanian national standards, and
provides co-operation and representation of the Republic of Lithuania in international and
European organisations for standardisation, in accordance with the needs and interests agreed at
the national level. It is a correspondent member at ISO, member of ISO Information Network,
observer at ISO/REMCO, associate member at IEC, affiliate member at CEN and CENELEC,
full member of European Telecommunications.

The great majority of Lithuanian Standards (LST, 5009 at the end of 2000) are adopted European
standards (LST EN, 3644, 666 translated into Lithuanian), and international standards (LST ISO,
LST IEC, 535, 338 translated into Lithuanian). Lithuanian standards are documents prepared by
the relevant Lithuanian technical committees (60 at the end of 2000) and adopted by consensus.
Standards are non-mandatory, open to voluntary use. Mandatory use of standards may be laid
down by technical regulations, contracts or other normative documents.

The list of the committees, which have links with chemical analysis is as follows:
TK 2 Milk and dairy products
TK 3 Meat and meat products
TK 6 Canned fruits and vegetables
TK 9 Furniture
TK 10 Veterinary
TK 11 Fermentation products
TK 12 Motor - roads
TK 15 Cereal and cereal products
TK 16 Chemical analysis
TK 20 Toys
TK 23 Ceramics
TK 24 Quality
TK 25 Matrix and silicate ware
TK 26 Thermal insulation materials
TK 27 Bread and confectionery
TK 28 Gas


                                                8
TK 29 Water supply
TK 34 Metrology
TK 36 Environmental protection
TK 37 Terminology
TK 40 Petroleum and petroleum products
TK 48 Jewellery
TK 51 Food analysis- Horizontal methods
TK 57 Fertilizers
TK 58 Refractory materials

Maintenance of the intranet with installed databases of Lithuanian standards and standardized
terms is responsibility of the Information Centre of LST. The Centre also provides information in
a monthly Bulletin of LST on new published Lithuanian standards, proposals for drafting and
withdrawal of standards, obtained new standards of international and European institutions, as
well as test and calibration laboratories and product certification bodies accredited by LA,
measurement equipment approved by VMT, new approved Lithuanian hygiene and medical
normative documents. ( Note: A regular journal Matavimai - Measurements, see 4.2.2 is devoted
to scientific publications in metrology).




                                               9
3. CURRENT STATE OF THE METROLOGY IN CHEMISTRY

3.1. Introduction

As it is presented in the general review of the metrology system in Lithuania (part 2 of the
report) metrology in quantity of matter measurements and chemical tests or identifications was
and is understood as an indispensable part of the common metrology strategy. Only complexity
of the metrology in chemistry and need for the organization of the metrology system from the
very beginning after 1990 are the reasons of just the starting phase of metrology in chemistry in
Lithuania. High accuracy reference measurement possibilities are regarded only for the future
(see, e.g., 2.2.1.2, 2.2.1.4, 2.2.1.5). Current state of implementation of only introductory elements
of metrology in chemistry and measurement quality assurance in relation to traceability and
measurement uncertainty such as (certified) reference materials, inter-laboratory comparisons,
and laboratory accreditation (authorisation, notification) in chemical measurements in Lithuania
can be regarded so far. Activities in the fields related to chemical metrology under responsibility
of the Lithuanian governmental bodies and other economical subjects are briefly considered in
the next paragraph.

3.1.1. Certified reference materials and reference materials

No production and/or systematic distribution of the (certified) reference materials is organized in
Lithuania so far. There is neither a national database of existing (C)RMs. Nevertheless, the
analytical chemists are well aware of importance of the CRMs and labs are buying CRMs on
international market, or spiking working reference materials, mainly from pure substances.
COMAR CRM database at the Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy is accessible for
all laboratories as a source of information. LGC, IRMM, NIST Reference Materials Catalogues
as well as sectorial information are used also. Need for secondary national reference materials in
some fields of environmental measurements are under discussion. Main problem for the wider
use of the traceable reference materials is the financial one.

3.1.2. Inter-laboratory comparisons

Participation in proficiency testing or any other inter-laboratory comparisons is by no means
explicitly prescribed. Nevertheless, proficiency testing is strongly recommended by
organisations of the analytical chemists, and used as a criterion for accreditation, authorisation of
permissions for environmental and other measurements. Most intensive PT schemes are working
under initiative of the LA, mainly in the drinking and wastewater analysis. Many inter-laboratory
comparisons are organized on the private initiative basis, many laboratories take part in national
and international comparisons in their own sectorial fields (e.g., environment, medicine, precious
metals etc.). Results of inter-comparisons are seldom analysed in the general metrological
context in publications and made accessible to society. No regular database on participation of
the Lithuanian laboratories in PT’s at either national or international levels is available.

Since 1999, Lithuanian laboratories participate in the International Measurement Evaluation
Programme (IMEP). Some information on activity of participation in the last rounds of IMEP is
presented in table 2.




                                                 10
 Table 2. Participation of some larger Lithuanian laboratories in proficiency testing

 No.     Institution, laboratory                  Town      IMEP-12   IMEP-16     Other coordinators
 1       Agrochemical Research Centre            Kaunas        x         x                 6
 2       Occupational Medicine Centre            Vilnius       x                           6
 3       Nutrition Centre                        Vilnius                  x               10
 4       Centre of Complex Quality Tests         Vilnius       x          x
         “Labtarna”
 5       Ministry of Environment, JRC            Vilnius       x
 6       Food and Veterinary Laboratory          Vilnius       x          x         NFA (per∗ ), +2
 7       Food Institute                          Kaunas                   x
 8       Regional Environment Protection Dep.,   Klaipëda      x                          5
         Klaipëda
 9       State Laboratory for Milk Control       Vilnius                           CECA (per), +1
 10      Vilnius Public Health Care Centre       Vilnius                                3
 11      Centre of Marine Research               Klaipëda                         QUASIMEME (per)
∗ per - periodically



3.2. Activities under responsibility of the Governmental Bodies
3.2.1. Ministry of Economy

The Ministry of National Economy is implementing strategic policy of government in economy.
In relation to the context of chemical metrology the ministry [7] does the following:
    • establishes the national quality policy and policy concerning consumer rights (Law on
         Consumer Protection [L4]), develops quality assurance infrastructure, establishes
         conditions for competitivity of the national products (ministry is one of the leaders of the
         National Quality Program, being periodically accepted for 3 years);
    • authorises requirements for safety and injury protection, marking requirements, develops
         conformity assessment (Law on Conformity Assessment [L2]) infrastructure;
    • assures activity of Inspection of the non-provisional goods concerning import and
         maintenance of chemicals (Law on Chemical Substances and Preparations [L5]), and
         provision of the corresponding information;
    • establishes the waste management (Law on Waste Management [L6]) program,
         dangerous waste management strategy and strategies against accidents.
The ministry issues normative documents, regulations, technical requirements concerning the
fields mentioned above, partly in collaboration with other ministries. Compliance to those
regulations is under control of the Metrology Inspection (2.1.3) and Inspection of the non-
provisional products.

3.2.1.1. Inspection of the Non-Provisional Products

Inspection of the Non-Provisional Products [8] carries out market supervision, represents
interests of consumers with special attention to safety requirements, determines non-conformity
to the requirements of the market, and manages the register of dangerous chemicals. The
inspection employs any laboratories of interest. Only verification of the measuring instruments is
required. Requirement of laboratory accreditation is applied in crucial cases only.


                                                    11
3.2.2. Ministry of Environment

Ministry of Environment is responsible for [9] establishment and implementation of the state
policy in environmental protection, forestry, preservation and use of the natural resources,
geology. Principles of the strategies in those fields are prescribed by: Environmental Protection
Law [L7], Law on Water [L8], Law on Protection of Surroundings of the Sea [L9], Law on
Protection of Atmosphere Air [L10], Forest Law [L11], Law on Plant Protection [L12], The
Underground Law [L13], Law on Environmental Monitoring [L14], other laws and regulations.
In the chemical field the ministry:
    • issues regulations and norms on possible pollution limits, pollutants and waste
        management, authorises permissions for studies of pollution sources;
    • issues regulations and organizes marking of dangerous and other environmental objects,
        obligatory conformity assessment;
    • determines dangerous areas, organizes and coordinates studies and elimination of the
        consequences of accidents and extreme situations;
    • organizes       and    coordinates     environmental      monitoring,    management      of
        hydrometeorological stations;
    • authorises regulations on study and management of the natural resources, criteria and
        procedures of estimation of the personnel, establishes and manages data bases and
        information systems.

According to the documents issued by the Ministry in respect to testing of chemicals potentially
harmful to human health and environment [10] the testing methods should correspond Directive
67/548/EEC. Testing procedures should comply GLP requirements according to Directives
1999/11/EC, 1999/12/EC.

Concerning laboratory tests of environment and pollution sources [11] the testing laboratories
must apply for permission of the ministry. Permissions are granted by the JRC (3.2.2.1) or by the
offices of the state analytical control of the regional departments of the ministry. Authorized
measurement methods, range of the analyte concentrations and uncertainties are included in the
supplement to the permission. Information on metrological characteristics of the equipment,
RMs and CRMs, participation in PT is used for decision on granting the permission. Quality of
measurements must be controlled [12] by JRC and regional offices of the analytical control.
Regulations on permitted pollution levels and measurement methods are being issued by the
ministry as special (LANDs) or various normative (e.g., [13]) documents. According to
regulations of the government of Lithuania [14] requirements authorized by the ministry are
obligatory.

3.2.2.1. Joint Research Centre

The Joint Research Centre of the Ministry of Environment coordinates environmental protection
research, investigates and observes natural environment, accumulates and analyses obtained
results, is responsible for quality of the environmental measurements. The data supplied by the
environment protection system and information presented by numerous institutions of Lithuania
carrying out observations and research according to the complex monitoring system are used.
The Centre develops the system of traditional monitoring, creates biotesting systems and
automated stations for air observation (including radiation monitoring), and accumulates data
according to the Geographical Information System standards. The Centre summarises the results,
evaluates natural environment and acts as an adviser to the Government of Lithuania. JRC is
National Focal Point of the European Environment Agency and European Environment


                                               12
Information and Observation Network. JRC actively acts as a PT coordinator in environmental
measurements.

There is two research laboratories in the Joint Research Centre itself: Environment Research
Centre as well as Monitoring and Information Centre.

3.2.2.2. Lithuanian Geological Service

The Lithuanian Geological Survey is the organ of executive power and carries out the functions
of state regulation of utilisation and protection of the underground. The main tasks of the Survey
in relation to chemical measurement is to accumulate, store and provide the institutions of state
power and regulation as well as society, with information about the underground.

3.2.2.3. Centre of Marine Research

The Centre is in Klaipëda, at the Baltic Sea. Activity objectives in direct relation to chemical
measurements are:
•     To carry on the ecological monitoring in the Nemunas river mouth and the Kurshiu
      Marios Lagoon, National Monitoring Programme in the Baltic Sea.
•     To fulfil the Helsinki Commission programme (HELCOM) in the Baltic Sea (4 Stations).
•     To coordinate the National monitoring programme in the Baltic Sea.
•     To study extreme situations (fish decay, oil spills).
•     To take part in the Helsinki Commission committees and working groups, working out
      ecological investigation.
•     Part in different international (SKAGEX, GOBEX, IMAWELL, QUASIMEME, ICES)
      interdisciplinary Baltic Sea Ecosystem Studies.

Two departments of the Centre, Hydrochemistry and Ecotoxicological, are engaged in chemical
measurements mainly.

3.2.2.3.1. Hydrochemistry Department

The Hydrochemistry Department performs basic research in chemistry of the sea and participates
in the environmental monitoring in the Baltic Sea and Kurshiu Marios Lagoon.

The department is responsible for the nutrient analysis. This includes determination of the
inorganic nutrients: ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate and silicate as well as the
determination of total phosphorus and total nitrogen. Another task of the department is the
determination of oxygen and hydrogen sulphide as well as biochemical oxygen demand; pH is
also measured. Nutrient and oxygen/hydrogen sulphide analysis are core parameters within the
HELCOM monitoring programme and also a major component of various research programmes.

3.2.2.3.1. Ecotoxicological Department

The aim of the ecotoxicological research is to obtain factual information about the pollution in
the Baltic Sea and the Kurshiu Marios Lagoon. Research fulfilled by the Ecotoxicological
Department include determination of petroleum products, heavy metals, chlororganic
compounds, concentration of surface activity substances (detergents), radionuclides in fish,
mussel tissues, macrophytes, etc, in water and bottom sediments. Investigations are carried out
according to the national and international (HELCOM) monitoring programmes.


                                               13
3.2.3. Ministry of Health

Ministry of Health acting according to the Law on the Health System [L15], Law on Health Care
Institutions [L16], Law on Occupational Health Care [L17], Law on Medicines [L18], and
others, [15] in relation to metrology in chemistry:
    • prepares and authorizes health care normative documents, organizes control of the
         metrology activities in the health care system;
    • establishes policy of the health care quality development and traceability assurance in all
         institutions under regulation of the ministry;
    • organizes research, tests and monitoring, including chemical, toxicological,
         microbiological etc. tests of interest for health care or inspection, approves regulations
         and norms (usually those are published as Hygiene Norms - HN);
    • organizes tests in forensic health fields.

For non-clinical laboratory tests GLP requirements (adapted) are obligatory [16]. Control of the
regulation is under the State Service for Medicine Control. Preparation and implementation of
regulations of laboratory and clinical practise is under [17] the Pharmacy Department at the
ministry and State Service for Medicine Control. Accreditation of laboratories by the ministry
Service for activities in health care is obligatory. The ministry laboratories are active in PT [18]
(mainly coordinated by Laboratory medicine Quality Control Centre).
List of imported foodstuffs for which inspection is obligatory is under authorization of the
ministry. Corresponding laboratory tests [19] may be carried out only in accredited or authorized
laboratories.

3.2.3.1. State Accreditation Service for Health Supervision Activities

In the fields in close relation to metrology in chemistry the Service [20] coordinates
standardization and metrology activities in health supervision, takes part in preparation and
implementation of the health supervision quality assurance programs, coordinates conformity
assessment of the medical instruments, organizes accreditation of laboratories of the health
supervision institutions.

3.2.3.2. Institute of Hygiene

Institute of Hygiene is a state scientific institution, main activities of which are scientific studies,
health programs, measurements and information. The main fields of activities of the Institute are
environmental health and occupational health

3.2.3.2.1. Occupational Medicine Centre

The Centre has two laboratories: one for chemical hazards and one for physical investigations.
Laboratories passed the national accreditation for chemical investigations in 1994 and for
physical investigations in 1996. Centre maintains also national register of occupational diseases.
The main activities of the Centre are:
   • Research;
   • Participation in postgraduate training of the health service professionals;
   • Standard setting;


                                                  14
   •   Investigation of work environment hazards;
   •   Creating health programmes and registries;
   •   Providing information on health and safety at work;
   •   Consultation and expertise.

The Centre rules the National Programme on hygiene supervising of working environment,
postgraduate training of occupational health professionals, Central Occupational Medicine
Expertise Commission.

The main fields of activity of the Laboratory for chemical hazards investigation are:
   • Occupational chemical hazards investigation, evaluation and monitoring.
   • Toxic metals in biological fluids investigation.
   • Toxic emissions from building products investigation.
   • Standard setting.
   • European Standards implementation.
   • Education and training.
   • International and national inter-laboratory calibrations.

3.2.3.3. National Nutrition Centre

Laboratory of the National Nutrition Centre carries out food monitoring and quality studies in
Lithuania. The main research and chemical analysis fields are as follows: pollutants in food -
pesticides, heavy metals, micotoxines, PCB, food composition (including additives), drinking
and mineral water, quality of food packaging materials. Laboratory uses ISO, EN, LST and old
Soviet standards, AOAC, NMKL and Codex Alimentarius methods and procedures. Laboratory
is accredited by LA, organizes drinking water PT under LA supervision.

3.2.4. Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Agriculture is responsible [21] for rural, fishery and nutrition policy of the state.
Acting according to the Law on Land [L19], Law on Food [L20], Law on Plant Protection [L12],
and others, in the chemical field the ministry

   •   takes part in preparation of rural, fishery and nutrition standards, food products
       certification systems;
   •   establishes the system of improvement of quality of raw materials, rural and food
       product, strategy of the state quality supervision of rural, fishery and food production;
   •   arranges state strategy of plant protection.

Ministry issues technical regulations for food and feed products, authorises the testing methods -
mainly the LST ISO standards. According to the recent Program [22] on development of the test
system of the rural and food products the main attention is devoted to the development of the
milk and meat test system (equipment, laboratory accreditation, PT, international recognition of
the test results and certificates).

In evaluation of the plant protection means application of the norms of the Good Experimental
Practise [23] as prepared according to European Directives 91/414 EEC and 93/71 EEC is
authorized.




                                                15
3.2.4.1. State Laboratory for Milk Control “Pieno Tyrimai”

State Laboratory for Milk Control "Pieno Tyrimai" was established in 1993, following the
experience of the European countries and the expert conclusions of PHARE projects, carried out
in Lithuania. "Pieno Tyrimai" is the most modern central milk research laboratory in Lithuania.
Its experts impartially test the composition and quality of raw milk for the purpose of settling
accounts with the farmers, and perform all the analyses necessary for the control of domestic
animal productivity. All the mandatory indicators can be tested. The results are promptly
delivered to the users - milk processing enterprises, milk producers, state control institutions and
other concerned organizations. The laboratory performs around 1 million research tests per
month.

The laboratory hires 115 highly-skilled employees, among whom 7 are doctors of science. The
implemented system of the quality control ensures the accuracy of the results. The laboratory
successfully participates in the international proficiency studies, organized by CECA Lait
(France) and LKV Agro-Tier-Service GmbH (Germany). Laboratory has accreditation according
to ISO 17025:200 in DAP (Deutsches Akkreditierung system Prüfnesen GmbH). As an
arbitration laboratory in milk tests the National Veterinary Laboratory ( 3.2.5.1) is authorized.

3.2.4.2. The Food Institute

The main field of activities of the institute are milk technologies. The institute is working with
the milk producers on the following issues:
    • the milk quality testing
    • the milk microbiological inspection
    • the milk composition, quality and adulteration methods
    • the milk composition and quality.

3.2.5. State Food and Veterinary Service

The State Food and Veterinary Service, acting according to the Law on Food [L20], Law on
Veterinary Activities [L21], etc., is responsible [24] for effective control of the food
composition, harmfull residues in animals and food products, quality of raw material, food and
feed safety, use of products contacting with food. The legal acts on the issues of veterinary
supervision of the products of animal origin conforming to the requirements of the EU have been
developed, many normative documents have been aligned.

The State Food Inspectorate of the Service effects protection of food products of non-animal
origin and conducts the supervision of the market. Regulatory documents were prepared and
inspection checks organised on production, selling and consumption of alcohol (Law on Alcohol
Control [L22]) and non-alcohol drinks, mineral water, sugar, chocolate, cakes, jam and other
products.

In 2000, 15 millions bacteriological tests were carried out in the state veterinary laboratories, 58
thousands food samples were tested bacteriologically, 41 thousand virological analyses, million
serological tests were made. Chemical analyses were carried out on 73 thousands samples, of
which 75 per cent were on food products. Parasitological examination was performed on 10
thousands animals, 3300 fish, 1000 poultry, 3600 bees. The National Veterinary Laboratory has


                                                16
acquired a special microtome for the cutting of bone which enables to determine the
effectiveness of oral vaccination of wild animals by tetracycline. The virologists have mastered
the histological analysis method for the examination of cattle brain with a view of detecting
bovine spongiform encephalopathy. The Border and Transport State Veterinary Service has
controlled the export, import and transit of animals in Lithuania. Imports of 443 tons of low
quality meat and by-products, 188 tons of fish and fish products were prohibited in 2000. The
electronic information system was introduced in the Service through which permissions for
import are transferred to the border posts. The veterinary certificates have been coordinated with
the foreign countries. Since 2000 the system of pharmacological vigilance is in operation. The
system controls the side effects of veterinary preparations, carries out analysis of residues in
foodstuffs.

3.2.5.1. National Veterinary Laboratory

National Veterinary Laboratory was founded in 1945. The main task of the laboratory is to
protect citizens’ health, protect against dangerous diseases, and improve health state of animals.
The laboratory has 10 departments in various regions of Lithuania at States Food and Veterinary
Service Laboratories. Laboratory makes ca. 50 thousand tests per year.

The National Veterinary Laboratory includes the Laboratory of Food Control which is accredited
by Germany Accreditation Service according European norm EN 45000, issued a certificate of
the German certification agency testifying compliance of the laboratory to the requirements of
the EU. The laboratory has been also accredited by the Russian GOST-R. The National
Veterinary Laboratory is nominated [24] as the arbitration laboratory for the milk tests.

3.2.6. Ministry of Justice

Lithuanian Metrology Inspection and Institute of Forensic Science are under this ministry.
Activities of the metrology Inspection were discussed in 2.1.3.

3.2.6.1. Forensic Centre

Forensic Centre performs chemical investigations of materials. The Centre is a member of
European Association of Forensic Investigators and takes part in their inter-laboratory
comparison tests.

3.2.7. Ministry of Finance

3.2.7.1. Department of Customs

In the chemical field: organizes and controls application of the Combined Nomenclature of
Goods, controls application of restrictions to import and export.

3.2.7.1.1. The Customs Laboratory
Investigations carried out at the laboratory establish commodity codes according to the
Combined Nomenclature of Goods, identify narcotic, psychotropic materials (Law on the
Control of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances [L23], Law on the Control of
Precursors of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances [L24]), prohibited to import/export
or otherwise regulated, toxic and dangerous materials (Law on Chemical Substances and
Preparations [L5], Law on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons [L25]). The investigations of


                                               17
alcohol (Law on Alcohol Control [L22]), tobacco products (Law on the Tobacco Control
[L26]) and other goods are carried out at the laboratory as well. General test procedure [25] of
the tests is approved by the Director of the Department of Customs. Metrology problems are
not included into the document.

3.2.7.2. Lithuanian Assay Office

 The Lithuanian Assay Office (LAO, Lietuvos prabavimo rumai) acts according to the Law on
state supervision of precious metals and gemstones [L53]. The main tasks of the LAO are as
follows: control of implementation of the law, control testing, assaying of all articles of precious
metals and gemstones intended for sale in the Republic of Lithuania or export, as well as
imported to the Republic; identification and certification of gemstones; market surveillance.

The central laboratory of the LSA is in Druskininkai and the branch offices are in Vilnius,
Kaunas, Klaipëda and Ðiauliai. The Lithuanian assay office takes part in activities of the
corresponding international organisations: the Association of European Assay Offices (AEAO),
the Confederation International of jewellery, silverware, diamonds, pearls and stones (CIBJO)
and the Convention on the Control and Marking of Articles of Precious metals (Vienna).

3.2.8. Ministry of Internal Affairs

3.2.8.1. Service of the Criminal Investigation

The following criminal investigation in the chemical field are being carried out: food products,
alcohol drinks, metals and alloys, paints and varnishes, footprints of explosions, narcotic and
psichotropic materials, glass, ceramics, polymers, serologic analysis, genetic dactiloscopy.

3.2.8.2. Fire Research Centre

Fire Research Centre belongs to Fire and Rescue Department of Ministry of Internal Affairs. It
performs various tests of materials and performs chemical analysis of fire residues in
investigations of accidents.

3.2.9. Ministry of Education and Science

Activities of the institutions of higher education in preparation of the professionals in chemical
analysis and related fields are concerned in part 4. Scientific research in analytical chemistry
(ion -pair chromatography, capillary electrophoresis) is most active in Analytical Chemistry
Department of the Vilnius University. Research, concerning analytical test methods as well, in
human ecology and health preservation on clinical, biochemical and chemical tests is under way
in the State Institute of Biochemistry, the Institute of Biomedical Research, hormone medicine
and diagnostics - in the Institute of Endocrinology (the last two at the Kaunas Medical Academy;
in particular, the Quality Control Centre of the Laboratory Medicine was established there). State
Institutes of: Physics, Chemistry, Geography are active in environmental ecology research. Some
activities on metrology in chemistry take part in the State institutes of Chemistry, Semiconductor
Physics, Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Kaunas Technology University.




                                                18
4. EDUCATION AND TRAINING

4.1. Introduction

Now in Lithuania there are 15 State higher education institutions at the university education
level. All of them have chemistry courses, but only in Vilnius University and Kaunas
Technological University there are Faculties of Chemistry. Only in the Vilnius University there
is specialized Department of Analytical Chemistry. In addition, analytical chemistry courses are
presented in Faculties of Environmental Studies of Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas.
About 30 chemists have graduated in analytical chemistry at PhD level, but any chemist
graduated in metrology. There are some physicists that specialize in chemical metrology.

Profession of Chemist-Analyst in Lithuania is not presented among 14 professions which are
supposed to have higher education according to Qualifications Conferment in Lithuania and
there is none State institution responsible for this profession.

4.2. Institutions in education and training

4.2.1. Vilnius University

Faculty of Chemistry
The Faculty of Chemistry has the only Department of Analytical Chemistry in Lithuania. Three
Professors and seven Doctors guide studies of students and three-five doctoral students are
working in analytical chemistry usually. The forth year students have 72 h lectures on Quality of
Chemical Analysis. 52 students graduated this faculty within last five years.

4.2.2. Kaunas Technology University

Faculty of Chemical Technology
In most of the 8 departments there are facilities for chemical analysis and students have
possibilities to obtain educational backgrounds in the subject. However, professionals of
chemical analysis are not educated there.

Institute of Metrology
The most experienced experts of measurement disciplines work at the institute. However, there
are no experts of chemical analysis among them. According to the recent regulations they are
responsible for education of experts in metrology according to the specialty of Measurement
Engineering (T010). In the future the basic lectures including 50 h of Physical-Chemical
Measurements and Chemical Metrology are foreseen.
Periodical journal on measurements and metrology “Matavimai” (Measurements) is published at
the university, mainly due to the efforts of the experts of Institute of Metrology.

4.2.3. Vytautas Magnus University

There are Environmental, Biotechnology, Molecular Biology and Physics specialties and
students are introduced to physical-chemical analytical methods as well as chemistry and
biology.




                                               19
4.2.4. Kaunas Medical Academy

In Departments of Analysis and Toxicology and Pharmacy students are taught basic knowledge
in Analytical Chemistry.

4.2.5. Lithuanian Veterinary Academy

There are few specialized laboratories for special chemical analysis: Poultry Feed and Poultry
Products Laboratory as well as Laboratory of Meat Characteristics and Quality Assessment
which belongs to the Department of Special Zootechnics.

4.2.6. Lithuanian University of Agriculture

In the faculty of Environmental Sciences the Department of General and Biological Chemistry
poses a Laboratory of Physical and Chemical Analysis and students have theoretical courses as
well as practical work in laboratory.

4.2.7. Vilnius Technological College

Among nine specialties that they teach there is the specialty of Chemical Analysis Technology
(ISCD 503052401). Since 1966 they have educated 1476 specialists.

4.2.8. National Accreditation Bureau (educational activities)

To enhance processes of laboratory accreditation LA (see 2.6) in collaboration with PHARE
supporting programs organizes periodic technical trainings for personnel. Such training gather
groups 20 to 80 of specialists several times per year.




                                              20
5. NON-GOVERNMENTAL BODIES

5.1. Technical Committee TK 16 Chemical analysis

The Committee was established at 1993 and is responsible for technical documentation on
chemical analysis in Lithuania. Besides this since 1998 it organizes (so far by assistance of
PHARE program PRAQIII FAST (Facility for Short Term Advice) annual seminar for analysts
to improve understanding in chemical metrology. About 70 analysts take part in the seminar
every year.

5.2. EURACHEM-Lithuania
Association of laboratories of chemical analysis EURACHEM-Lithuania was set at 1996 and
then joined 33 laboratories. In January 1998 01 21 it was accepted as associated member and
since May 2000 it is member of EURACHEM. Dr. Doc I.Blazys and Dr. doc J.Petraitis are
members of the EURACHEM Committee.
EURACHEM-Lithuania organized several workshops on problems of quality of laboratory
performance of analysis and participate in seminars for laboratory employees in Palanga,
organized by Technical Committee TK 16 “Analytical Chemistry”.
Now EURACHEM-Lithuania includes 40 members and is engaged in organization of seminars,
workshops and training for professionals as well as distribution of information on new
documents and inter-laboratory comparisons.
This rather young association of ~10 analytical chemistry laboratories now try to organize
special training session for professional chemist-analysts in order to improve they quality in
chemical metrology.

5.3. Lithuanian Chemical Society

Lithuanian Chemical Society was set in 1995 as a nongovernmental organization of chemists,
engineers and teachers in the field of chemistry. The organization publishes a magazine
“Panorama of Chemistry”. However, only three issues have been published up to now.
Lithuanian Chemical Society organizes each year a conference of Lithuanian chemists. There is
no special program for chemical measurements.
Lithuania Chemical Society since 1998 is a member of FECS (Federation of Europe Chemical
Societies). Dr. M.Salkauskas is a Lithuania member in Chemistry and Environment Department
of FECS.

5.4. Lithuanian Society of Laboratory Medicine

Founded in 1966. Member of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory
Medicine. It unites about 300 physicians and clinical biologists working in different fields of
laboratory medicine: clinical biochemistry, cytology, immunology, laboratory hematology, etc.
The main activities are: organization of conferences and seminars, participation in postgraduate
and continuous education, stimulation of research, certification of specialists; participation in
organization of the quality control system certification of laboratories, equipment and reagents,
and international cooperation.




                                               21
6. CHEMICAL LITERATURE

6.1. Textbooks and manuals

There are very few books on analytical chemistry and methods of chemical measurements in
national Lithuanian language. The most popular textbooks and manuals are in Russian. Only
some books in English and German are available and used. The main Eurachem Guides (on
Laboratory Accreditation, Quantification of Uncertainty, Method Validation) are translated and
available to analysts. Currently many technical regulations which are obligatory for analysts in
tests of the industrial and agricultural products are being published in the government official
publication “Valstybes zinios”.

6.2. Periodicals

There is no Lithuanian special journal for analytical chemistry. Two magazines for chemical
scientific publications and one special magazine for metrology are being published periodically.
Main Russian journals of analytical chemistry (Zhurnal analyticheskoi khimii, Zavodskaia
laboratoria, Laboratornoje delo) are available. Analytical Chemistry, Fresenius Journal of
Analytical Chemistry, Accreditation and Quality Assurance, some other journals on
chromatography and spectroscopy in English are available in libraries.

Lithuanian analysts and scientists publish their articles in Russian and English journals, about 5
to 10 each year. Most of such papers present new analytical possibilities to identify and
determine chemical species. Practically there are no regular publications about metrological
problems in chemistry. Some individual articles on the separate problems of chemical metrology
were published in Lithuanian metrological journal MATAVIMAI (Measurement).




                                               22
7. LABORATORIES

Laboratories for chemical investigations, tests and analysis in Lithuania are of various kinds and
of various competence. Some of them were characterised within presentations of Institutes (2.2)
and Governmental Bodies (3.2).

Now in Lithuania there are about 200 laboratories for chemical tests and analysis. They may be
classified according to their administrative belongings which indicates their tasks:
• University and other High Schools;
• Research Institutes;
• Health Care System;
• Ministry of Environment;
• Other Ministries;
• Centres of Metrology;
• Laboratories in Factories;
• Water Supply;
• Private Laboratories;
• Independent Accredited Laboratories.

Laboratories in Universities and other High Schools are designed for teaching and do not very
much for clients, which need chemical measurements. Some of them are rather well equipped but
do not have any quality or good laboratory practice system.

Laboratories in Research Institutes are devoted to the activities of the Institutes and therefore are
specialised in a very narrow fields. Most of them are not accredited but they do some services for
customers too. Accredited are:
• Laboratory of Use of Building Materials in Institute of Thermo-isolation Materials;
• Laboratory of Material Testing and Investigation in Lithuania Institute of Energetic;
• Laboratory of Composite and Finishing Materials in Institute of Architecture and Building.

Special regulations are in preparation for laboratories, which shall take part in the Monitoring.
Now they are acting as ate stated laboratories under auspice of United Research Centre on the
basis of certificates for one year.

The accredited laboratories involved in chemical testing are presented in Table 3.


Table 3
N Name                                     Scope of accreditation                Notes
o
1 Laboratory of metrology of SCo.          Pressure, voltage, resistance,        Service of
    “Achema”                               length, mass, pH, concentration,      production
                                           time,
2    Laboratory of cement testing of       Test of cement                        Service of
     SCo. “Akmenes cementas”                                                     production
3    Laboratory of SCo “Kauno tiltai”      Test of mineral materials,            Measurements
                                           mixtures asphalt and concrete         and tests
4    SCo“Centre of laboratory tests”.      Tests of building materials,
                                           mixtures asphalt and concrete


                                                 23
5   Calibration laboratory of “Vilniaus   Calibration of communal gas          Measurements
    dujos” of SCo. “Lietuvos dujos”       meters, gas amount, volume, and      and tests
                                          concentration measurement
                                          instruments
6   Calibration, control and              Calibration of pressure, voltage,    Investigation,
    metrological investigation            current, resistance, power,          measurement and
    laboratory of SCo. “Lietuvos          frequency, concentration and         calibration
    energija”                             narrow pass measurement
                                          instruments
7   Laboratory of constructions of        Tests of building materials and      Measurements
    SCo. “Panevezio statybos trestas”     products                             and tests
8   Laboratory Composites and             Paints, varnishes, enamels,          Measurements
    Finishing Materials of Institute of   glues, ground, putty, roof covers,   and tests
    Architecture and Building             ceramic tills , wood fibber and
                                          shaving slabs
9  Laboratory of Constructions and        Tests of building materials an       Measurements
   Building Materials of Kaunas           constructions                        and tests
   Technological University
10 Laboratory of testing and              Tests of building materials and      Measurements
   investigation of materials of          constructions, thermal isolation     and tests
   Lithuanian Institute of Energy         and fire resistant materials.
11 Laboratory of fire investigation of    Tests of building materials,         Measurements
   Ministry of Internal Affairs           mixtures asphalt and concrete        and tests
12 Laboratory of building materials       Tests of building materials an       Investigations and
   of Institute of Thermal Isolation      constructions                        measurements.
                                                                               Certification
13 Laboratory of use of building          Testing of building thermal          Measurements
   materials of Institute of Thermal      isolation materials, glass           and tests
   Isolation                              packets, and glass sheets.
14 Laboratory of testing of building      Tests of building materials an       Measurements
   materials and products of CSCo.        constructions                        and tests.
   “Alzida”                                                                    Participate in PT
15 Centre of furniture tests of CSCo.     Tests of safety and reliability of   Measurements
   “Baldu sertifikavimo centras”          furniture, finishing and             and tests.
                                          construction materials, emission     Participate in PT
                                          of formaldehyde
16 CSCo. “Biseris”                        Test of mineral materials,           Measurements
                                          mixtures asphalt and concrete,       and tests
                                          products of concrete
17 CSCo. “Konstrukciju bandymo            Tests of building materials and      Measurements
   centras”                               constructions                        and tests
18 Complex quality test center of         Test of food, grain and fodder       Investigation and
   CSCo. “Labtarna”                                                            certification
19 Laboratory of CSCo. “NCC               Test of mineral materials,           Measurements
   Fegda”                                 mineral powders, bitumen,            and tests.
                                          bitumen emulsions and mixtures       Certification
                                          of asphaltconcrete
20 CSCo. “Technologiju ir techniniu       Tests of building materials and      Measurements
   bandymu centras”                       constructions                        and tests


                                               24
21 Testing laboratory of SI             Test of mineral materials,        Measurements
   “Problematika”                       mineral powders, bitumen,         and tests.
                                        bitumen emulsions and mixtures    Certification
                                        of asphalconcreate, mineral
                                        powders and mixtures with
                                        binders
22 Certification centre of SI           Certification of road building    Service for
   “Problematika”                       materials                         building material
                                                                          producers
23 Microbiological laboratory, Public   Testing of foods, cosmetics and   Tests and
   Health Care Centre                   water                             measurements,
                                                                          certification




                                             25
   8. CONCLUSIONS

1. State Metrology Service (VMT), National Accreditation Bureau, National Standards Body, and
   Metrology Inspection are separate independent organizations which is in accordance with the EU
   recommendations.

2. VMT acts according to the Law of Metrology of the Republic of Lithuania. VMT together with
   Semiconductor Physics Institute, Vilnius Metrology Centre and Lithuanian Energy Institute
   constitute “Virtual National Metrology Institute”. On behalf of this national institute VMT
   signed the Mutual Recognition of National Measurement Standards and of Calibration in 12
   April, 2001, and is a corresponding applicant to EUROMET.

3. Lithuanian Accreditation Bureau, LA, is a full member of EA since June 1999. Lithuania seeks
   to become the country-signatory of EA Multilateral Agreements.

4. Lithuanian Standardisation Body is a corresponding member at ISO, member of ISO Information
   Network, observer at ISO/REMCO, associate member at IEC, affiliate member at CEN and
   CENELEC, full member of European Telecommunications. The great majority of Lithuanian
   Standards (5000 at the end of 2000) are adopted European and international ISO standards, and
   in some fields GOST and GOST R standards.

5. The main Lithuanian links at the international level in metrology in chemistry are listed in Table
   3.

6. Public and private analytical laboratories in Lithuania perform monitoring of environment,
   control of quality of foodstuffs, raw materials, non-provisional products, analysis in health care
   system, control of the technological processes, according to the provisions of state legislation.

7. However, the regulations issued by separate ministries do not ensure in all cases the traceability
   of chemical measurements prescribed by the Law of Metrology.

8. According to the Law on Environmental Monitoring the Ministry of Environment together with
   other state institutions are responsible for preparation of the State program of environmental
   monitoring and coordinate programs and procedures of environmental monitoring at all levels.
   State Environmental Monitoring Regulations are under preparation by the ministry.

9. The Law on Environmental Monitoring covers measurements in the following fields:
   • physical, radiation, chemical, biological and other sources of anthropogenic impact on
      environment;
   • state of the air and precipitates, surface and underground waters;
   • changes and tendencies of the global processes (acid rain, change in the ozone layer,
      greenhouse effect and others).

10. Quality control of monitoring and methodical management, analysis of monitoring data,
    ecological information systems, Environmental Monitoring Data Fund are among the functions
    of the Ministry of Environment. Quality of monitoring data shall be assured by attestation and
    accreditation of laboratories, standardization, and participation in international monitoring.




                                                   26
11. Control of foodstuffs, beverages and raw material is concentrated mainly in three accredited
    laboratories (Milk Control, Veterinary, Nutrition Centre), and their satellite organisations.
    Testing methods, mainly ISO standards, are prescribed by regulations.

12. Ministry of Health is responsible for the measurement and analysis including their traceability in
    all the health care institutions. The ministry authorizes laboratories, norms and testing methods
    and is responsible for the control of the metrology activities in the health care system.
    Implementation of Good Laboratory Practise is under regulations of the ministry.

13. National legislation prescribes to use methods of analysis in accordance to the European or ISO
    standards, national technical regulations and norms. However, the prescribed particular methods
    usually are not validated at the national level or even by the laboratories of interest, the
    metrological data are not an indispensable part of the description of the method. No system of
    withdrawal of obsolete or improper (in terms of metrological requirements) analytical methods is
    present. Preparation of the laws and regulations in relation to measurements and analysis is not a
    subject of metrological supervision by State Metrology Service. Role of the metrology view
    (metrological mind, thinking) on the authorization and accreditation of the analytical laboratories
    is poor. Only the governmental (not public) inspection bodies are working in the Republic of
    Lithuania.

14. No production, systematic distribution or the national database of the existing (certified)
    reference materials is organized in Lithuania. The analysts are well aware of importance of the
    CRMs. The COMAR CRM database is available. Problems of selection and suitability of
    reference materials often are not regarded quantitatively. Main problem for the wider use of the
    traceable reference materials is financial.

15. Participation in PT is required for laboratory accreditation but not explicitly prescribed by
    legislation in regulated areas. The leading laboratories from all the regulated fields are active
    participants of proficiency testing inter-laboratory comparisons, mainly in their subject fields. PT
    at the national level is restricted to some types of analysis and subject to personal initiative.
    There is no coordination of PT at national level or systematic metrological analysis of the results,
    as well as no national database on PT or system of publication of the data to the society.
    Regional coordinator of IMEP inter-laboratory comparisons is VMT/PFI.

16. There are several faculties in Lithuanian universities and Vilnius College where fundamental and
    practical training in analytical chemistry is given at the undergraduate level. The Faculty of
    Chemistry of the Vilnius University prepares analytical chemists at the B.Sc., M.Sc. and PhD
    levels. Fundamentals of metrology in chemistry are given here in the courses. Many institutions
    and societies (VU, KTU, Lithuanian Society of the Laboratory Medicine, Lithuanian Society of
    Chemists, Eurachem-Lithuania, LA) are active in organization of workshops, seminars and
    conferences.




                                                    27
Table 4. Some links to the European and international level in metrology in chemistry in
      Lithuania.


Member            Organisation in LT    European/International                 Status/Basis of co-operation
ships in                                   organisation

                         VMT                          CGPM                              Associate
  Organizations
  International




                         LST                           ISO                            Correspondent
                         VMT                          OIML                            Correspondent
                         LAO           Convention on the Control and Marking
                                       of Articles of Precious Metals                   Observer
                         LAO                         CIBJO                             Full member
                       LST,VMT                   ISO/REMCO                              Observer



                        LST                         CEN                                 Affiliate
  organizations
   European




                       LAO                         AEAO                               Full member
                       VMT                       EUROMET                         Corresponding applicant
                        VMT                      WELMEC                                Associate ?
                        LA                           EA                               Full member
                   EURACHEM-LT                  EURACHEM                              Full member
co-operation
in metrology




                         VMT                           BAM                              Agreement
  Bilateral




                        VMT/PFI                    EC-JRC-IRMM                     Intent of co-operation




                                                        28
9. LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AEAO – Association of European Assay Offices
AOAC – Association of Official Analytical Chemists
BAM – Federal Institute for Testing of Materials, Germany
CGPM – Conference Generale des Poids et Mesures
CIBJO – Confederation International of Jewellery, Silverware, Diamonds, Pearls and Stones
CRM – Certified reference material
EA – European Accreditation
EC – European Commission
EMDF – Environmental Monitoring Data Fund
EN – European Norms
EP – Environmental Protection
EU – European Union
GLP – Good Laboratory Practise
ICP – Inductively coupled plasma
IMEP – International Measurement Evaluation Program
IRMM – Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements
ISO – International Organization for Standardization
JRC – Join Research Centre, Ministry of Environment, Lithuania
LA – Lithuanian National Accreditation Bureau
LAO – Lithuanian Assay Office
LGC – Laboratory of the Government Chemist, UK
LMQCC – Laboratory Medicine Quality Control Centre
LST – Lithuanian National Standards Body
LT – The Republic of Lithuania
ME – Ministry of Environment
MS – Mass spectrometry
NIST – National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA
NMI – National Metrology Institute
OIML – International Organization of Legal Metrology
PT – Proficiency testing
RM – Reference material
SASHSA – State Accreditation Service for Health Supervision Activities
SWEDAC – Swedish Board for Accreditation and Conformity Assessment
TC – Technical Committee
VMT – State Metrology Service
VMT/BSP – Brown & Sharp-Precizika Ltd
VMT/ChI – Chemistry Institute
VMT/FI – Physics Institute
VMT/LEI – Lithuanian Energy Institute
VMT/PFI – Semiconductor Physics Institute
VMT/VMC – Vilnius Metrology Centre




                                             29
10. ANNEXES

Annex 1. REFERENCES

Laws

L1. Law on Metrology, 1996 07 09 Nr. I-1452, Þin., 1996, Nr. 74-1768
L2. Law on Conformity Assessment, 1998 10 06 Nr. VIII-870, Þin., 1998 Nr. 92-2542
L3. Law on Standardization, 2000 04 11 Nr. VIII-1618, Þin., 2000, Nr. 35-972
L4. Law on Consumer Protection, 1994 11 10 Nr. I-657, Þin., 2000, Nr. 85-2581
L5. Law on Chemical Substances and Preparations, 2000 04 18 Nr. VIII-1641, Þin., 2000, Nr.
    36-987
L6. Law on Waste Management, 1998 06 16 Nr. VIII-787, Þin., 1998, Nr.
L7. Environmental Protection Law, 1996 05 28 Nr. I-1352, Þin., 1996, Nr. 57-...
L8. Law on Water, 1997 10 21 Nr. VII-474, Þin., 1997, Nr. 104-2615
L9. Law on Protection of Surroundings of the Sea, 1997 11 13 Nr. VIII-512, Þin., 1997, Nr. 108-
    2731
L10. Law on Protection of Atmosphere Air, 1987 05 01 Nr. X-1293, Þin., 19....
L11. Forest Law, 1994 11 22 Nr.I-671, Þin., 1994, Nr. 96-1872
L12. Law on Plant Protection, 1995 10 19 Nr. I-1069, Þin., 1995, Nr. 90-2013
L13. The Underground Law, 1995 07 05 Nr. I-1034, Þin., 1995, Nr. 63-1582
L14. Law on Environmental Monitoring, 1997 11 20 Nr. VIII-529, Þin., 1997, Nr. 112-2824
L15. Law on the Health System, 1998 12 01 Nr. I-552, Þin., 1998
L16. Law on Health Care Institutions, 1996 06 06 Nr. I-1367, Þin., 1996, Nr. 66-1572
L17. Law on Occupational Health Care, 1999 03 18 Nr. VIII-1095, Þin., 1999, Nr.
L18. Law on Medicines, 1996 11 19 Nr. I-1633, Þin., 1996, Nr. 116-2701
L19. Law on Land, 1994 04 26 Nr. I-446, Þin., 1994, Nr.
L20. Law on Food, 2000 04 04 Nr. VIII-1608, Þin., 2000, Nr. 32-893
L21. Law on Veterinary Activities, 1991 12 17 Nr. I-2110, Þin., 1992, Nr. 2-15
L22. Law on Alcohol, 2000 07 18 Nr. I-857, Þin., 2000, Nr.
L23. Law on the Control of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1998 01 08 Nr.VIII-
    602, Þin., 1998, Nr. 8-161
L24. Law on the Control of Precursors of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1999 06
    01 Nr.VIII-1207, Þin., 1999, Nr. 55-1764
L25. Law on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, 1998 09 24 Nr.VIII-864, Þin., 1998, Nr.90-
    2480
L26. Law on the Tobacco Control, 1995 12 20 Nr.I-1143, Þin…., Nr.
L27. Law on state supervision of precious metals and gemstones, 1995 07 03 Nr.I-996, Þin.,
    1995, Nr.61-1528




                                              30
Other References

1. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes Nutarimas, 1997 05 27 Nr. 518 Dël valstybës etalonø ...
    Þin.,1997, Nr. 48-1164
2. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes Nutarimas, 1998 03 20 Nr. 321, Þin., 1998, Nr.
3. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes Nutarimas, 1999 03 23 Nr. 324 Dël LRV 05 27 nutarimo
    Nr. 518 .. Þin., 1999, Nr. 28-807
4. LR Aplinkos Ministro ásakymas “Dël Valstybinës metrologijos tarnybos prie LR Aplinkos
    ministerijos nuostatø patvirtinimo”, 2001 04 18 Nr. 212, Þin., 2001, Nr.51-1788.
5. Lietuvos standartizacijos departamento pateiktas periodinës matavimo priemoniø patikros
    saraðas, Þin., 1996, Nr. 14-380
6. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes Nutarimas, 2000 12 15, Nr. 1454
7. Lietuvos Respublikos ukio ministerijos nuostatai, Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes
    Nutarimas, 2001 07 10, Nr. 846
8. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes Nutarimas, 2000 06 28 Nr. 745 Dël valstybines ne maisto
    produktu inspekcijos ... Zin., 2000, Nr. 53-1538
9. Lietuvos Respublikos aplinkos ministerijos nuostatai, Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes
    Nutarimas, 1998 09 22, Nr. 1138
10. Lietuvos Respublikos Sveikatos apsaugos ministro ir Lietuvos Respublikos Aplinkos
    ministro Ásakymas, 2000 12 29, Nr. 762/556, Þin., 2001, 3-60
11. Lietuvos Respublikos Aplinkos ministro Ásakymas, 1999 01 04, Nr. 1, Þin., 1999, Nr. 3-89
12. Valstybines aplinkos laboratorines kontroles nuostatai (LAND 6-95), Zin. 1997, Nr. 103-
    2601
13. Aplinkos apsaugos departamento ásakymas, 1992 10 19, Nr. 97 ammendments Þin., 1996,
    Nr.120-2837; 1998, Nr. 45-1251
14. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes nutarimas, 1994 09 09, Nr. 842
15. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes nutarimas, 2001 06 15, Nr. 725, Þin., 2001, Nr.52-1845
16. Lietuvos Respublikos Sveikatos apsaugos ministro isakymas, 1999,04 12, Nr. 155, Þin.,
    1999, Nr. 35-1053
17. Lietuvos Respublikos Sveikatos apsaugos ministro isakymas, 2000 12 18, Nr. 733, Þin.,
    2000, Nr. 109-3491
18. G. Abraitiene, Laboratorine medicina, 1999, Nr.2, 47.
19. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes nutarimas, 1999 10 08, Nr. 1132, Þin., 1999, Nr. 85-2547
20. Lietuvos Respublikos Sveikatos apsaugos ministro isakymas, 2001 02 28, Nr. 146, Þin.,
    2001, Nr. 22-743
21. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes nutarimas, 2000 09 01, Nr. 1035, Þin., 2000, Nr. 75-2290
22. Lietuvos Respublikos Þemës ûkio ministro ásakymas, 2000 04 04, Nr. 113, Þin., 2000
23. Lietuvos Respublikos Þemës ûkio ministro ásakymas, 2000 09 06, Nr. 259, Þin., 2000, Nr.
    78-2372
24. Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybes nutarimas, 2000 06 28, Nr. 744, Þin., 2000, Nr. 53-1537
25. Lietuvos Respublikos Þemës ûkio ministro ir Lietuvos Respublikos Valstybines veterinarijos
    tarnybos direktoriaus ásakymas, 2000 06 02, Nr. 172/..., Þin., 2000, Nr. 48-1410




                                              31
Annex 2. SPREADSHEETS


Table A1. Environment – who, what in Lithuania.

Table A2. Food - who, what in Lithuania.

Table A3. Clinical - who, what in Lithuania.

Table A4. Responsibility – present state in Lithuania.

Table A5. Responsibility general – present state in Lithuania.

Table A6. Monitoring - present state in Lithuania.




                                                32
                                                                                                                                                            FUNCTIONS
                 Table A1                                              Performing analysis                                                      Prescribe the system                                               Underpinning




                                                                                                                     Perform analysis***




                                                                                                                                                                                              Formal recognition
                                                                                           Perform analysis**




                                                                                                                                                                          implementation of
                                                                       Perform analysis*




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Demonstrate the
                                                                                                                                                                            the regulations
                                                                                                                                           Authorize labs
                 Environment – who,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Designate to
                                                                                                                                                                                                 of capability




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Organise PT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   organize PT
                                                                                                                                                            Give advice


                                                                                                                                                                              Control the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  capability
                 what In Lithuania




                 Labs in public/private sector
                                                     Authorized labs   X                   X                                                                                                                                                       X
                 Labs in public/private sector
                                                 Non-authorized labs                       X                                                                                                                                                       X
                 Joint Research Centre
                                                      Reference labs   (X)                 X                     X                         X                X                  X                                                  X                X
 ORGANISATIONS




                 Ministry of Environment
                                                          Ministry 1                                                                       X
                 Regional EP departments
                                                 Ministry's Agency 1                       X                                               X                                   X                                                                   X
                 Geological Service
                                      Ministry's Agency 2                                                                                                   X
      Environmental Protection Inspectorate
                                      Ministry's Agency 3                                                                                                                      X
      National Accreditation Body
                                      Accreditation Body                                                                                                                                          X                  X
      TC TK16 Chemical Analysis
                                 Non-governmental body                                                                                                      X
* authorisation needed; ** no authorisation needed, but there is a legislation; *** international activities.




                                                                                                                33
                                                                                                                                             FUNCTIONS
                                                             Performing analysis                                              Prescribe the system                                                  Underpinning
                Table A2




                                                                                                      Perform analysis***




                                                                                                                                                                               Formal recognition
                                                                                 Perform analysis**




                                                                                                                                                           implementation of
                                                             Perform analysis*




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Demonstrate the
                                                                                                                                                             the regulations
                                                                                                                            Authorise labs




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Designate to
                                                                                                                                                                                  of capability




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Organise PT
                                                                                                                                                                                                    organise PT
                                                                                                                                             Give advice


                                                                                                                                                               Control the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   capability
                Food – who, what
                In Lithuania



                Labs in public/private sector
                                          Authorized labs    X                   X                    X                                                                                                                             X
                Labs in public/private sector
                                      Non-authorized labs                        X
                National Veterinary Lab.
                                           Reference labs                        X                    X                                      X                                                                                      X
                Ministry of Agriculture
ORGANISATIONS




                                                Ministry 1                       X                    (X)                   X                                                                                                    (X)
                Ministry of Health Care
                                                Ministry 2   (X)                                      (X)                   X                                   X                 X                   X                          (x)
                State Food and Veterinary Service
                                                                                                                            X                                   X
                State Food Inspectorate
                                      Ministry's Agency 1                                                                                                       X
                National Nutrition Centre
                                      Ministry's Agency 2                        X                                                           X                  X                                                  X
                Plant Protection Inspectorate
                                      Ministry's Agency 3                                                                                                       X
                LA
                                       Accreditation Body                                                                                                                         X                   X



                                                                                                      34
                Table A3                                                                                          FUNCTIONS
                                                           Performing analysis                     Prescribe the system                                                Underpinning




                                                                                                                                 of the regulations
                Clinical - who, what




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Demonstrate the
                                                                                                                                  implementation
                                                                                                 Authorise labs




                                                                                                                                                      recognition of



                                                                                                                                                                       Designate to




                                                                                                                                                                                      Organise PT
                                                                                                                                                                       organise PT
                                                                                                                   Give advice


                                                                                                                                     Control the
                In Lithuania




                                                                                   analysis***
                                                                     analysis**




                                                                                                                                                        capability




                                                                                                                                                                                                      capability
                                                         analysis*
                                                          Perform



                                                                      Perform



                                                                                    Perform




                                                                                                                                                         Formal
                Labs in public/private sector
                                      Authorised labs    X                             X                                                                                                              X
                Labs in public/private sector
                                  Non-authorised labs                                  X                                                                                                              X
                Kaunas Medical Academy
                                       Reference labs    (X)                           X                           X
ORGANISATIONS




                Ministry of Health Care
                                            Ministry 1                                           X                                    X                                  X
                LMQCC
                                  Ministry's Agency 1    X                             X         (X)                                                      X                           X             (X)
                SASHSA
                                  Ministry's Agency 2                                            X                                    X
                Pharmacy Department
                                  Ministry's Agency 3                                                                                 X
                National Accreditation Body
                                   Accreditation Body                                                              X                                     X                            X
                             Non-governmental Body




                                                                                  35
                                                                                                                                          FUNCTIONS
                  Table A4




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   PT (ILC) organisation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           PT (ILC) participation
                                                                                                                                               Method development




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Performing analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                        National Metrology
                                                                                                                                                                    Method validation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Standardization
                                                                                                                                                                                          Infrastructure
                                                 Accreditation




                                                                                                                               Measurement
                                                                 Certification




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Traceability
                                                                                                                                uncertainty
                                                                                                                 Legislation
                                                                                                    Inspection
                  Responsibility -




                                                                                        Education
                                                                                 CRM*
                  present state in
                  Lithuania



                  Ministry of Economy                                                               x             x
                  Ministry of Environment                                                           x             x                             x                   (x)                      x                 x                   x                         x                       x
  ORGANISATIONS




                  Ministry of Health Care        (x)                                                x             x                             x                   (x)                                        x                   x                         x                       x                (x)
                  State Food and Vet. Service                                                       x             x                             x                                                              x                                             x
                  Ministry of Justice                                                               x             x                                                                                            x                                             x
                  Ministry of Finance                                                                             x                                                                                            x                                             x
                  Ministry of Internal Affairs                                                                    x                                                                                            x
                  Universities                                                          x                                                      x                                                               x
                  State Institutes                                                      x                                                      x                                          (x)                  x                   x                         x                       x
       Other                                                                            x
* production/distribution/database




                                                                                                                                          36
                                                                                                                                       FUNCTIONS
                  Table A5




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PTs (ILC) participation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PTs (ILC) organisation
                                                                                                                                                  Method development




                                                                                                                                                                                                                Performing analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                           National Metrology
                                                                                                                                                                       Method validation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Standardisation
                                                                                                                                                                                             Infrastructure
                                                                                                                                   Measurement
                                                     Accreditation

                                                                     Certification




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Traceability
                                                                                                                                    uncertainty
                  Responsibility -




                                                                                                                     Legislation
                                                                                                        Inspection
                                                                                            Education
                                                                                     CRM*
                  general -
                  present state in
                  Lithuania


                  Ministries                         (X)                                    X           X            X                            X                    (X)                     X                                      X                        X                         (X)               X
                  Labs (all)                                                                X                                         X           X                     X                                       X                     X                        X
  ORGANISATIONS




                  State Metrology Service (VMT)                                                                      X                                                                         X                                                                                                           X
                  Metrology Inspection                                                                  X
                  National Accreditation Body        X               X                      (X)
                  National Standardisation Body                                             (X)                                                                                                                                                                                          X
                  National Chemical Society                                                  X
                  National Labs' Soc. (Eurachem-L)                                           X
       Other                                                                                 X
* production/distribution/database




                                                                                                                      37
Table A6
Monitoring – present state in Lithuania


                                                                                   SECTOR
                                                Wastewater        Soil            Air       Pesticides in FAP*   Pesticides in DW
                   Give authorisation for
                   performing monitoring
                                                    ME             ME             ME

                 Responsible for monitoring
                                                  Various        Various        Various
    FUNCTIONS




                    Performing analysis             Labs          Labs            Labs            Labs                Labs

                The reports should be sent to
                                                    ME             ME             ME
                  Responsible for the final
                 report at the national level
                                                    JRC           JRC             JRC
                 The final report should be
                     available (sent) to           EMDF          EMDF           EMDF
                                                Accreditation Accreditation Accreditation     Accreditation       Accreditation
                Requirements for gaining the
                       authorisation

* FAD = Food and agricultural products, DW = Drinking water, ** not know yet.




                                                                             38
Annex 3. DOCUMENTS

  1. Law on Metrology, 09.07.1996 No I-1452.

   2. Resolution of Government, 27.05.1997 No. 518.




                                     39
     R E P U B L I C                 O F        L I T H U A N I A
                                     L A W
                    O N        M E T R O L O G Y

                                  Chapter I
                             GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Article 1. Purpose of the Law
     1. This Law shall establish the basis for ensuring traceability in the Republic of
Lithuania, organisational structure of the Lithuanian system of metrology, regulate the
relations between state institutions and legal and natural persons, arising due to
manufacture, trade, use, hire and repair of the measuring instruments attributed to
legal metrology.
     2. Legal and natural persons may engage in the activity set forth in this Law,
provided it is made legal according to the procedure established by laws of the
Republic of Lithuania.

    Article 2. Basic Definitions
     For the purpose of this Law:
     1) “Legal metrology” (hereinafter referred to as “Metrology”) means a branch
of metrology reflecting the state policy in normalisation of measurements, their
methods, measuring instruments used to achieve traceability and the required
accuracy of measurements;
     2) “Measurement” means determination of the value of a quantity by means of a
measuring instrument ;
     3) “Measuring instrument” means a device, equipment or their system intended
to be used to make measurements;
     4) “Unit of measurement” means a base or derived unit of a legal system of
units;
     5) “Traceability” means a characteristic of measurement property when the
results thereof are expressed in legal units, uncertainties are known with a required
probability and they do not exceed the established limits;
     6) “Standard” means a measuring instrument or a group of measuring
instruments intended to reproduce, maintain a unit of a quantity and to transfer it to
other measuring instruments based on the verification schema, in compliance with the
requirements of normative documents;
     7) “National standard” means a standard officially recognised to be the most
accurate in the State, according to the procedure established by the Government of the
Republic of Lithuania ;
     8) “Pattern of a measuring instrument” means measuring instruments of the
same designation, principle of operation, and the uniform design;
     9) “State metrological controls of measuring instruments” means activities of
institutions authorised by the State meant to control manufacture, storage, use, repair
of measuring instruments and compliance with verification regulations;
     10) “Measuring instrument pattern approval” means the procedure during
which an institution authorised by the State determines that a measuring instrument
pattern conforms to the established requirements;



                                          40
     11) “Measuring instrument verification” means assessment of a measuring
instrument fitness examining its metrological characteristics by means of an
experiment and verifying conformity to the established requirements:
     “initial verification” means the primary verification of a manufactured or
repaired measuring instrument,
     “periodic verification” means verification of a measuring instrument which is
being used or stored according to a stated schedule,
     “inspection verification” means controls of the condition and use of measuring
instruments ahead of schedule;
     12) “Calibration of a measuring instrument” means verification of the
conformity of the measuring instrument readings or the values of a measure to the
values of standard quantities, evaluating the limits of confidence; and
     13) “State metrological controls of measurements” means metrological
controls of the composition of quantities, products or goods, specific measurement
methods and attestations.

                                  Chapter II
                           UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

    Article 3. System of Units of Measurement
    The units of measurement used in the Republic of Lithuania shall be those of the
International System of Units (SI), their derived units, multiples and sub-multiples.

    Article 4. Off-system Units of Measurement
   It shall be allowed to use off-system units, linked to the International System of
Units (SI), which are made legal by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.

                         Chapter III
      PHYSICAL REPRESENTATION OF UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

    Article 5. Representation of Units of Measurement
    Units of measurement shall be re-created by using standards and transferring
them to other measuring instruments, based on verification schemas.

    Article 6. Standards
     1. State standards shall be created or acquired taking into consideration the needs
and technical possibilities of the Republic of Lithuania
     2. State standards shall be periodically compared with the standards of other
states. The list of state standards, the procedure for approval, maintenance and use
thereof shall be established by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.

                         Chapter IV
      GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

    Article 7. General Provisions
   Measuring instruments used for determination of quantities and their ratios must
show measurement results in legal units.



                                          41
    Article 8. Quality of Measuring Instruments
    1. Manufactured, repaired, and used measuring instruments must conform to the
requirements set for their patterns.
    2. Legal and natural persons effecting repair of measuring instruments must
submit a copy of the registration certificate of their company to an institution
authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.

                       Chapter V
 STATE METROLOGICAL CONTROLS OF MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

    Article 9. Applicability of the State Metrological Controls of Measuring
             Instruments
    The state metrological controls of measuring instruments shall be applied to the
measuring instruments used:
    1) for verification of measuring instruments;
    2) in health protection;
    3) in veterinary;
    4) for assessment of the ecological condition and the impact on it;
    5) in works safety;
    6) for determination of the quality of products and raw material;
    7) for determination of the quantity and value of goods, energy, and services;
    8) in banking, tax, customs and postal transactions; and
    9) for carrying out measurements on a mandate from law-enforcement institutions
as well as public administration and control institutions.
    2. The list of the measuring instruments used in the fields specified in this Article
shall be drawn up and approved by, and the state metrological controls thereof shall
be organised by an institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of
Lithuania.

    Article 10. Categories of the State Metrological Controls of Measuring
              Instruments
     The following categories of the state metrological controls of measuring
instruments shall be established:
     1) pattern approval;
     2) initial verification;
     3) periodic verification; and
     4) surveillance and verification.



    Article 11. Measuring Instrument Pattern Approval
     1. The patterns of new measuring instruments, the manufacture whereof has been
launched in the Republic of Lithuania, as well as the patterns of measuring
instruments that have been imported from abroad for the first time shall be approved
by an institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, on the
basis of the results of state tests, and shall be entered into the Lithuanian Register of
Measuring Instruments.




                                           42
    2. The results of the tests performed by laboratories of foreign states may be
accepted by the decision of an institution authorised by the Government of the
Republic of Lithuania.
    3. The institution maintaining the Lithuanian Register of Measuring Instruments
shall be an institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.

    Article 12. Right of Verification of Measuring Instruments
    1. The right to perform verification of measuring instruments shall be granted to
enterprises and laboratories accredited or authorised by an institution authorised by
the Government of the Republic of Lithuania in accordance with the established
procedure.
    2. The verification carried out by laboratories of foreign states can be accepted by
the decision of an institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of
Lithuania.

    Article 13. Liability to Verification of Measuring Instruments
    Legal and natural persons who manufacture, repair, import, hire, sale or use
measuring instruments (except those used for one's own needs) must submit them for
verification in accordance with the procedure established by an institution authorised
by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. The schedule of verification of
measuring instruments shall be established by an institution authorised by the
Government of the Republic of Lithuania on the basis of scientific and technical
results.

    Article 14. Presentation of Verification Results of Measuring Instruments
    1. In the case of positive results of verification, a measuring instrument shall be
given a certain mark or a verification certificate shall be issued, granting the right to
use these instruments for their proper purpose.
    2. An institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania shall
determine the form and contents of the verification mark and certificate.

                           Chapter VI
           STATE METROLOGICAL MEASUREMENT CONTROLS

    Article 15. Liability to the State Metrological Measurement Controls
     At the proposal of interested departments, specific measurement methods and
attestations shall be liable to the state metrological controls. An institution authorised
by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania shall establish measurement methods
and measurement procedures.


                        Chapter VII
    STATE METROLOGICAL CONTROLS OF PRODUCT QUANTITIES

   Article 16. Metrological Controls of Quantities of Pre-packages and
Products Sold in Definite Quantities
   When a definite quantity of products which can be weighed, counted or batched is
exposed for sale or when the quantity of products delivered for sale is indicated on


                                           43
their labels or packages, these product quantities shall be liable to the state
metrological controls.

   Article 17. Requirements for Quantities of Products
    The requirements for the quantity of products (including pre-packages) and the
values of its deviations shall be established by legal acts and normative documents
(standards and specifications).

                            Chapter VIII
                  ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF
               THE LITHUANIAN SYSTEM OF METROLOGY

   Article 18. Organisational Structure of the System of Metrology
    The Lithuanian system of metrology shall comprise:
    1) the Lithuanian Council of Metrology - an advisory organisation on
metrological issues attached to an institution authorised by the Government of the
Republic of Lithuania. The structure and regulations of the Council shall be approved
by an institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania;
    2) an institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania
- an institution authorised to carry out the policy of metrology in Lithuania, co-
ordinate measurement traceability, organise and implement scientific, legal and
administrative activities related to metrology;
    3) state laboratories - reference laboratories authorised by the Government of
the Republic of Lithuania to maintain state standards, make comparisons and
calibrations;
    4) accredited laboratories - laboratories licensed by an institution, which is
authorised in the established manner by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania,
to perform verification or calibration of working measuring instruments; and
    5) Lithuanian Metrology Inspectorate - a division of an institution authorised
by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania which performs the state controls of
the condition and use of measuring instruments.


                                    Chapter IX
                                   FINANCING

   Article 19. Financing
   The following shall be financed from the State budget of Lithuania:
   1) an institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania;
   2) the Lithuanian Metrology Inspectorate;
   3) works related to state standards, their acquisition, creation, supervision,
improvement, and maintenance of the standards base; and
   4) scientific works and research activity in the field of metrology.

   Article 20. Fees for Metrological Services
    1. Interested legal and natural persons shall be charged fees for metrological
services according to the procedure established by the Government of the Republic of
Lithuania.



                                         44
     2. An institution authorised by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania shall
fix the amount of the payment for verification of measuring instruments in accordance
with the procedure established by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.


                           Chapter X
               LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENTS OF
     THE LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA ON METROLOGY

    Article 21. Liability for Infringements of the Law on Metrology
    Legal and natural persons, who have violated the requirements of this Law, shall
be held liable in the manner prescribed by law of the Republic of Lithuania.

    I promulgate this Law passed by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania.


                                                        ALGIRDAS BRAZAUSKAS
                                                           President of the Republic

Vilnius
9 July 1996
No.I-1452




                                         45
   DECISION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
                       27 May, 1997 No.518
                             Vilnius


1164   FOR THE CONFIRMATION OF REGULATIONS FOR THE
        CONFIRMATION, SAFEGUARDING AND USE OF NATIONAL
        STANDARDS AND FOR THE AUTHORIZATION OF NATIONAL
        STANDARD MEASUREMENT UNITS AND OF NATIONAL
        LABORATORIES TO CREATE, SAFEGUARD AND CONFIRM
        NATIONAL STANDARDS LISTS.


     Keeping within the guidelines of the Metrology Law of the Republic of Lithuania,
article 6, part 1, section 2 and article 18, part 1, section 3, the Government of the
Republic of Lithuania decrees:
1.      To confirm the following attachments:
1.1.    Regulations for the confirmation, safeguarding and use of National Standards;
1.2.    List of National Standard measurement units;
1.3.    List of National Laboratories authorized to create and support National
        Standards.
2.      TO AUTHORIZE THE DEPARTMENT OF STANDARDIZATION OF
THE LITHUANIAN MINISTRY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORMS
AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS TO COORDINATE THE TASKS TO
BE UNDERTAKEN FOR THE CONFIRMATION, SAFEGUARDING AND
USE OF NATIONAL STANDARDS AND TO DETERMINE PRIORITIES AND
LEVELS FOR NATIONAL STANDARDS, TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION
THE NEEDS AND ECONOMIC CAPABILITIES OF LITHUANIA.

JUSTICE MINISTER,
ACTING AS PRIME MINISTER                                   VYTAUTAS
PAKALNISKIS

MINISTRY OF PUBLIC
ADMINISTRATION REFORMS
AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS          KESTUTIS SKREBYS
                    ____________________

                           confirmed
            GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
                                      27 May, 1997, Decision No.518

   REGULATIONS FOR THE Confirmation, SAFEGuaRDING AND use of
 National standards

    PREAMBLE

1. These regulations regulate the creation, confirmation, safeguarding and use of
   National Standard measurement units (hereafter referred to as National
   Standards).


                                         46
2. A National Standard is a standard, created according to these regulation, which is
   officially recognized by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania as the most
   precise standard in Lithuania.
3. The creation, confirmation, safeguarding and use of National Standards is
   organized and controlled by the Department of Standardization of the Lithuanian
   Ministry of Public Administration Reforms and Local Government Affairs,
   (hereafter referred to as the Department of Standardization).
4. National Standards are created on the basis of the List of National Standard
   Measurement Units confirmed by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania,
   taking into consideration the needs and economic capabilities of Lithuania, and
   are approved by the Metrological Council of Lithuania.
5. The National Standards that are created are to be submitted for confirmation
   according to these regulations.

    CREATION OF NATIONAL STANDARDS

6. The work of the creation of National Standards shall be planned by the
    Department of Standardization
7. To create a National Standard, the following shall be required:
7.1 Technical tasking;
7.2 National laboratories;
7.3 Estimates of the expenses which need to be expended for the creation, use and
    further development of National Standards;
7.4 Procedures to be used establish the traceability of National Standards, procedures
    to be used to establish comparisons of these standards with higher-level standards;
8. The Department of Standardization shall develop the technical tasking. To be
    formulated in such tasking is to be the following:
8.1 The technical and metrological parameters of the National Standard;
8.2 The steps that are to be taken in creating the National Standard;
9. Director of the Department of Standardization shall confirm the technical tasks.
    These tasks shall be approved by the Metrological Council of Lithuania.
10. The decision to select a National Laboratory shall be based on the following:
10.1 The measurement and support equipment required for the creation of the
    National Standard;
10.2 The documents describing the capabilities of the metrological measurement
    equipment;
10.3 The suitability of the proposed premises and the sufficiency of the
    qualifications of the institution’s personnel needed to safeguard, use and further
    develop the National Standard;
10.4 The creation of a quality control system and the conditions required for it to
    function;
11. The Department of Standardization shall select the National Laboratory with the
    approval of the Metrological Council of Lithuania.
12. The Government of the Republic of Lithuania shall confirm the selection of the
    National Laboratory and grant it the authority of a National Laboratory pursuant
    to these regulations.
13. National Laboratories can be both juridical and physical persons.
    The Department of Standardization shall enter into a contract with such National
Laboratory for the creation, safeguarding, use and further development of the
National Standard.


                                          47
                      Conformation of National Standards

14. The National Laboratory shall prepare the National Standard for confirmation.
15. To confirm a National Standard, the following shall be necessary:
15.1 The documents listed in section 16 shall be prepared;
15.2 Research of the National Standard shall to be conducted which will confirm
    that it meets the requirements specified by the technical tasking;
15.3 The proposed National Standard shall to be compared to the national standards
    of other countries or with international standards;
16. The documentation for the National Standard shall be prepared, based on the
    documentation issued by international metrology organizations. These documents
    shall be specified in the technical tasking for the creation of the standard.
The following documents shall be prepared:
16.1 The Certificate of the National Standard;
16.2 Technical documents (the technical descriptions and instruction for use of the
    measurement and support equipment which support the National Standard;
16.3 A description of the research conducted for the creation of the National
    Standard;
16.4 A description of the procedures used for the safeguarding, supervision and use
    of the National Standard;
16.5 The calibration methodology;
16.6 The dependency schematic of the National Standard
16.7 The calibration certificates of the measurement equipment used in support of
    the National Standard.
17. The Certificate of the National Standard shall include:
17.1 The Name of the National Standard;
17.2 The name of the National Laboratory responsible for the safeguarding, use and
    further development of the National Standard;
17.3 The composition of the National Standard (the metrology characteristics of the
    standard as a whole and all its main parts are to be included;
17.4 The comparisons, calibrations and research results of the National Standard;
17.5 The time and place where the National Standard was created;
17.6 The place where the National Standard is to be safeguarded and its
    description;
17.7 The date when the National Standard was confirmed and the term of its
    validity.
18. The National Laboratory shall conduct the research of the standard, which shall
    demonstrate that the standard is suitable to be confirmed as a National Standard.
19. The National Standard shall be compared with the national standards of other
    countries or with international standards using the customary methods used in
    international practice.
20. The suitability of the documents containing the results of the research and the
    comparisons of the National Standard with the national standards of other
    countries or with international standards shall be evaluated by an Experts’
    Commission appointed by the Department of Standardization. The Experts’
    Commission shall submit its evaluation decision to the Department of
    Standardization.
21. The Department of Standardization shall submit the proposed evaluation of the
    National Standard for consideration by the Metrology Council of Lithuania.


                                         48
22. The Department of Standardization shall present the National Standard for
    confirmation by the government of the Republic of Lithuania.

    SAFEGUARDING AND USE OF THE NATIONAL STANDARD

23. The Department of Standardization shall select by means of an open competition a
    physical person as Curator of the National Standard.
24. The National Standards shall be safeguarded and used according to the
    requirements set out in the documentation of the National Standard.
                                      _________________
                                      confirmed
             GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
                                                      27 May, 1997, Decision No.518

               NATIONAL STANDARD MEASUREMENT UNITS

1. National Standard unit of mass;
2. National Standard unit of length;
3. National Standard unit of a gauge block;
4. National Standard unit of a plane corner;
5. National Standard unit of time and frequency;
6. National Standard unit of temperature;
7. National Standard unit of pressure;
8. National Standard unit of direct voltage;
9. National Standard unit of alternating voltage;
10. National Standard unit of direct electrical current;
11. National Standard unit of alternating electrical current;
12. National Standard unit of electrical resistance;
13. National Standard unit of electrical capacitance;
14. National Standard unit of electrical inductance;
15. National Standard unit of pH;
16. National Standard unit of liquid viscosity;
17. National Standard unit of liquid density;
18. National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of a liquid (water);
19. National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of a liquid (oil and oil products);
20. National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of air (gas);
21. National Standard unit of the speed of air (gas);
22. Certified foundation materials;
23. National Standard X-ray unit.
                                       _________________
                                       confirmed
             GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
                                                         27 May, 1997, Decision No.518

    NATIONAL LABORATORIES AUTORIZED TO CREATE AND
              SAFEGUARD NATIONAL STANDARDS

1. State Company “Metrology Center of Vilnius”:
1.1 National Standard unit of a gauge block;
1.2 National Standard unit of mass;


                                           49
1.3 National Standard unit of pressure;
1.4 National Standard unit of direct voltage;
1.5 National Standard unit of alternating electrical voltage;
1.6 National Standard unit of direct electrical current;
1.7 National Standard unit of alternating electrical current;
1.8 National Standard unit of electrical resistance;
1.9 National Standard unit of electrical capacitance;
1.10 National Standard unit of electrical inductance;
1.11 National Standard unit of liquid viscosity;
1.12 National Standard unit of liquid density;
1.13 National standard X-ray unit.
2. The Semiconductor Physics Institute:
2.1 National Standard unit of time and frequency;
2.2 National Standard unit of temperature;
3. Energy Institute of Lithuania:
3.1 National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of a liquid (water);
3.2 National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of a liquid (oil);
3.3 National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of air (gas);
3.4 National Standard unit of the speed of air (gas);
4. Joint Lithuanian-American Company “Brown & Sharpe-Precizika”:
4.1 National Standard unit of length;
4.2 National Standard unit of a plane corner;
5. Chemistry Institute:
5.1 National Standard unit of pH;
5.2 Certified foundation materials;

                              ___________________________


   DECISION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
                      27 March, 1999 No.324
                             Vilnius

807    FOR THE PARTIAL CHANGE OF THE DECISION OF THE
       GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA, MADE MAY
       27, 1997, NR.518 “FOR THE CONFIRMATION OF REGULATIONS
       FOR THE CONFIRMATION, SAFEGUARDING AND USE OF
       NATIONAL STANDARDS AND FOR THE AUTHORIZATION OF
       NATIONAL STANDARD MEASUREMENT UNITS AND OF
       NATIONAL LABORATORIES TO CREATE, SAFEGUARD AND
       CONFIRM NATIONAL STANDARDS”.


The Government of the Republic of Lithuania Republic hereby decrees:

807-808                                                                     March 26,
1999



                                           50
   To change in part the decision of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania
No. 518 made May 27, 1997and entitled ““FOR THE CONFIRMATION OF
REGULATIONS FOR THE CONFIRMATION, SAFEGUARDING AND USE OF
NATIONAL STANDARDS AND FOR THE AUTHORIZATION OF NATIONAL
STANDARD MEASUREMENT UNITS AND OF NATIONAL LABORATORIES
TO CREATE, SAFEGUARD AND CONFIRM NATIONAL STANDARDS”.

1. To change the Preamble in the following manner:
    Keeping within the guidelines of the Metrology Law of the Republic of Lithuania,
article 6, part 1, section 2 and article 18, part 1, section 3, the Government of the
Republic of Lithuania decrees:
2. In the list of National Laboratories referenced in the aforementioned list as
    authorized to create and safeguard National Standards:
2.1 To remove articles 1.3, 1.5, 1.8 and 1.13;
2.2 To add the following articles 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 6:
        “2.3 National Standard Unit of length;
          2.4 National Standard Unit of electrical voltage
          2.5 National Standard Unit of electrical resistance;
          6. Physics Institute – The National Standard X-ray unit
2.3 To change article 4.1 are follows:
        “4.1 National Standard Unit of linear length”.

PRIME MINISTER                                            GEDIMINAS
VAGNORIUS

MINISTER OF THE MINISTRY
OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORMS
AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS                       KESTUTIS SKREBYS




                                         51
       NATIONAL LABORATORIES AUTORIZED TO CREATE AND
               SAFEGUARD NATIONAL STANDARDS

1. State Company “Metrology Center of Vilnius:
1.1 National Standard unit of a gauge block;
1.2 National Standard unit of mass;
1.3National Standard unit of pressure;
1.4National Standard unit of direct electrical current;
1.5 National Standard unit of alternating electrical current;
1.6 National Standard unit of electrical capacitance;
1.7 National Standard unit of electrical inductance;
1.8 National Standard unit of liquid viscosity;
1.9 National Standard unit of liquid density;
2. Semiconductor Physics Institute:
2.1 National Standard units of time and frequency;
2.3 National Standard units of temperature;
2.4 National Standard unit of length;
2.5 National Standard unit of electrical voltage;
2.6 National Standard unit of electrical resistance;
3. Energy Institute of Lithuania:
3.1 National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of liquid (water);
3.2 National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of liquid (oil);
3.3 National Standard unit of the capacity and debit of air (gas);
3.4 National Standard unit of the speed of air (gas);
4. Joint Lithuanian-American Company “Brown & Sharpe-Precizika”:
4.1 National Standard unit of linear length;
4.2 National Standard unit of a plane corner;
5. Chemistry Institute:
5.1 National Standard unit of pH;
5.2 Certified foundation materials;
6. Physics Institute
6.1 National Standard X-ray unit.

This list is prepared in accordance with the decision of the Government of the
Republic of Lithuania made on March 23, 1999, No.324.




                                         52
Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements
              European Commission-JRC




          Semiconductor Physics Institute
                Vilnius, Lithuania
Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements
              European Commission-JRC




          Semiconductor Physics Institute
                Vilnius, Lithuania

								
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