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					Carbon Fiber Technology
           The FuTure oF The Piano
                                                                                                  Carbon Fiber TeChnology

                            Introducing ABS-Carbon
                                                                            (with Carbon Fiber)

Advancement through innovation is the hallmark of Kawai. It is this commitment to advancement that creates pianos
with superior tone, responsiveness and lasting durability. With this in mind, Kawai pianos now utilize one of the strongest,
lightest materials on the planet.

The revolutionary Millennium III Action features a new composite combining the long-term
stability of ABS Styran (used in Kawai actions for over 35 years) with the extraordinary
strength of carbon fiber. This proprietary new material, called ABS-Carbon, gives the
Millennium III Action more dynamic power, greater durability, improved control and
unparalleled speed to enhance the playing experience.

                                                                                              Millennium III Upright Action with ABS-Carbon.

The PoWer oF Carbon Fiber TeChnology

Why abS-Carbon?

Carbon fiber has been referred to as the lightest and strongest material on the
face of the Earth. In other words, for its weight, carbon fiber is the strongest
material you can find. Leading products all around us incorporate carbon fiber-
based materials with far-reaching benefits. In Kawai pianos*, the lighter design
(made possible by carbon fiber) makes the Millennium III Action tremendously
fast and effortless to play without affecting tone. In addition, ABS-Carbon is
incredibly sturdy and rigid, offering pianists more power with less effort. The
exceptional consistency of ABS-Carbon provides these benefits over many years,
something conventional wood components are unable to deliver.
W h aT ’ S W r o n g W i T h W o o d ?

While certainly ideal for the important sound-producing elements of a piano, wood is less than ideal for many of the critical components found in a piano's
action. Wood is susceptible to breakage from continual stress and can shrink and swell dramatically with changes in climate. This results in inconsistency
over time, often requiring costly maintenance to keep a piano working properly. For years, the only alternative was to “treat the symptoms” by replacing
failing wood parts and making continual adjustments.

Kawai knew that the inherent problems of using wood posed a serious threat to the quality and character of a piano’s touch and tone. And so, in pursuit of
perfection, every exacting detail of the action was exhaustively analyzed. Since the 1970s, the answer has been ABS Styran, a lighter, stronger, more consistent
material that is resistant to breakage, shrinking and swelling. But now, with the infusion of carbon fiber to create ABS-Carbon, the Millennium III Action
offers even greater benefits over conventional wooden actions.

a d va n C e d T e C h n o l o g y m e a n S a b e T T e r P l ay i n g e x P e r i e n C e

Carbon fiber is enabling advancement in aeronautics, athletic performance, automobiles, building structures – and, of course, musical instruments.
At Kawai, we are proud to be the leader in advancing the piano art form. Consider how carbon fiber enhances the playing experience:

d u r a b i l i T y ABS-Carbon parts are more durable than                                S P e e d Because ABS-Carbon is lighter, the action is approxi-
traditional wood-based action parts and 90% stronger, meaning less                        mately 25% faster. Keys depress and return more swiftly, providing
maintenance and parts replacement.                                                        increased repetition and playing speed.

PoWer        The added rigidity of ABS-Carbon provides more                               C o n T r o l The meticulous redesign of the Millennium III Action
power with less effort; so the piano responds to a lighter touch,                         offers superb control for the player. It is now easier than ever to
making it easier to play.                                                                 maintain control for pianissimo playing.

T ry K aWa i F o r y o u r S e l F

Kawai pianos provide improved touch, tone and long-lasting quality in a durable
     instrument that will require less maintenance. The future of the piano is here
           now – experience it for yourself. Try the Millennium III Action today.
Carbon Fiber iS The FuTure

Carbon fiber technology is new to the piano, but it is already being used by leading product developers in several industries as a replacement for wood and other
weaker, heavier materials. Here are just a few of the current and future uses of carbon fiber:

                                                                 airCraFT             SPorTS equi PmenT

                                      The Boeing 777 uses carbon fiber in its         The strength, weight and lower density of
                                construction to fly faster than the competition       carbon fiber allows golf club designers to create
                                 with lower fuel costs. Similarly, carbon fiber       lighter clubs that result in a faster swing and
                                  makes up over half the material used for the        longer shots. Makers of boats, kayaks and
                                    Boeing 787 Dreamliner and Airbus A350             canoes have also moved beyond wood and
                                      XWB (both in development) to provide            fiberglass in favor of carbon fiber’s superior
                                                 increased strength and speed.        strength and stability.

                                                   Formula one CarS                   bridgeS

                                    Formula One and other leading racing cars         The 1.6 mile-long West Gate Bridge of Mel-
                                        are made faster and safer thanks to the       bourne, Australia and its supports are rein-
                                  strength and lightweight character of carbon        forced by carbon fiber because of the materi-
                                                         fiber composite parts.       al’s stiffness and ability to endure stress.

                                   World-ClaSS raCing biCyCleS                        oTher muSiCal inSTrumenTS

                                   More top riders are competing in the Tour          Many manufacturers of string bows for violins
                                  de France with carbon fiber bikes than ever         and cellos are using carbon fiber due to its
                                   before. With more strength and durability,         lightweight speed and resistance to breakage.
                                  carbon fiber has even found its way into the        Carbon fiber technology is now used in the
                                        soles of some high-end cycling shoes.         crafting of violins, guitars and mandolins.