The Mystery of Rommel’s Missing
• Erwin Rommel was born in Heidenheim, Germany, on 15th
November, 1891. He wanted to study engineering but his father
disapproved so in 1910 he joined the German Army.
• By the outbreak of the First World War Rommel had reached the
rank of lieutenant. He fought on the Western Front and in
January 1915 won the Iron Cross.
• In 1917 Rommel served on the Italian Front and after leading
the attack on Monte Matajur, was promoted to captain. Soon
afterwards Rommel and a small group of men swam the Piave
River in order to capture the Italian garrison at Lognaroni.
• After the war Rommel remained in the German Army and in
1929 he was appointed an instructor at the Infantry School in
Dresden. In October 1935 he was promoted to the rank of
lieutenant colonel and began teaching at the Potsdam War
• An excellent teacher, Rommel's lectures were published as a
book on infantry tactics in 1937. The book was read by Adolf
Hitler. Greatly impressed by Rommel's ideas Hitler arranged for
him to command his HQ staff in Austria and Czechoslovakia.
The following year he did the same job in Poland.
• Rommel was given command of the 7th Panzer Division that
invaded France in May, 1940. Rommel's troops moved faster
and farther than any other army in military history. After reaching
the Channel he turned south and raced along the coast until he
reached the Spanish border.
• As a result of his exploits in France he was promoted to the rank
of general. When Benito Mussolini asked for help in North Africa
Adolf Hitler sent Rommel to command the new Deutsches Afrika
Korps and successfully drove the British 8th Army out of Libya.
He moved into Egypt but was defeated at El Alamein. With the
USA Army landing in Morocco and Algeria, his troops were
forced to leave Tunisia.
• In the early months 1944 Rommel was approached by Ludwig
Beck and Carl Goerdeler about joining the July Plot. Rommel
refused, criticising the tactic of assassination claiming that it
would turn Adolf Hitler into a martyr. Instead he suggested that
he should be arrested and brought to trial.
• Rommel was now sent to head the German Army in France that
was preparing for the Allied invasion. Unable to halt the Allied
troops during Operation Overlord, on 15th July, 1944, Rommel
warned Hitler that Germany was on the verge of defeat and
encouraged him to bring the war to an end.
• In the summer of 1944 Rommel was approached about joining
the July Plot. He refused, criticising the tactic of assassination
claiming that it would turn Adolf Hitler into a martyr. Instead he
suggested that he should be arrested and brought to trial.
• In the autumn of 1944 Hitler discovered that Rommel was
plotting against him. On 14th October, 1944, Rommel was
visited by two generals who had been sent by Hitler with an
ultimatum: suicide with a state funeral and protection for his
family and staff, or trial for high treason. Erwin Rommel took
• Sparkling diamonds
• Scintillating emerald
em•er•ald (em′ ∂r ∂ld em′r∂ld), n 1. a rare variety of the mineral beryl
that is green because of its chromium content and is valued as a gem. 2.
clear, deep green.
• Julius Caesar was born
in Rome on July 12 or
13, in the year 100 B.C.
• Celebrated Roman
general, statesman, and
• He was offered the
crown but refused it,
dislike for kings.
• Veni, vidi, vici. 'I
came, I saw, I
are the words of the
man who changed
the course of Greco-
Ides of March
• On March 15, 44 B.C., a day known as the
Ides of March, Caesar entered the Senate
House. An assassination plot had been
hatched by a group of 60 senators, including
Gaius Cassius and Marcus Junius Brutus. As
Caesar entered the Senate, he was stabbed
23 times. He was in midst of launching a
series of political and social reforms when he
was assassinated. After Ceasar was
assassinated, Rome experienced another 13
years of civil war.
Hitler’s Third Reich
Third Reich (Jan.1933-May 1945)
• The name reflects A. Hitler’s conception
of his expansionist regime—which he
predicted would last 1,000 years—as
the presumed successor of the Holy
Roman Empire (800-1806, the First
Reich) and the German empire under
the Hohenzollern dynasty (1871-1918,
the Second Reich).
• Since its publication in 1960,William L.Shirer's
monumen-tal study of hitler's empire has been widely
acclaimed as the definitive record of the twentieth
century's blackest hours.The Rise and Fall of the
Third Reich offers an unparalleled and thrillingly told
examination of how Adolf Hitler nearly succeeded in
conquering the world.With millions of copies in print
around the lgobe,it has attained the status of a vital
and enduring classic.
William L.Shirer had a distinguished career as a
foreigh correspondent,news commentator,and
historian of the contemporary world.He reported from
Berlin for the Universal News Service and for CBSon
the rise of the Nazis and he covered their fall as a
war correspondent.Out of these reports grew his
best-sellers Berlin Diary and The Rise and Fall of the
Villa Overlooking Blue Waters
North Africa Campaigns (1940-1943)
• After the 1940 victory by Italian troops in Egypt, the
Italians were driven back into Libya by British troops.
German reinforcements led by E.Rommel forced the
British to retreat into Egypt after the defense of
Tobruk. In 1942 the British under B. Montgomery
counterattacked at the Battles of El Alamein and
pushed the Germans west into Tunisia. In November
1942 U.S. and British forces under D. Eisenhower
landed in Algeria and Morocco, then moved east into
Tunisia. In May 1943 the Allies, advancing from east
and west, defeated the Axis forces and forced the
surrender of 250,000 Axis troops.
North Africa in WWII
• The Battle of El Alamein, fought in the deserts of
North Africa, is seen as one of the decisive victories of
World War Two. The Battle of El Alamein was primarily
fought between two of the outstanding commanders of
World War Two, Montgomery, who succeeded the
dismissed Auchinleck, and Rommel. The Allied victory at
El Alamein lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the
German surrender in North Africa in May 1943.
• By November 2nd 1942, Rommel knew that he was beaten.
Hitler ordered the Afrika Korps to fight to the last but
Rommel refused to carry out this order. On November 4th,
Rommel started his retreat. 25,000 Germans and Italians
had been killed or wounded in the battle and 13,000 Allied
troops in the Eighth Army.
Monty: British general in WWII, commanded the British army in N.Africa
Campaign and forced the German retreat from Egypt after the B. of El
Alamein(1942), commanded troops in the Allied invasion of Sicily and
Italy and in the Normandy Campaign, leading the British-Canadian army
group across N France and into N Germany. Promoted to field marshal, he
became chief of the imperial staff (1946-48).
• British women soldiers
• British shock brigade
• Australian soldiers
Allied Army Prisoners
• German Prisoners
7th Amoured Division
• This article is about the military division.
For the 1953 film see, The Desert Rats
(film). ... Composed of regular British
Army units, the famous "Desert Rats"
division was originally formed as the
Mobile Division or Mobile Force ...
Oasis & Nomad
But where is it?
That remains the unanswered question......