Romans by pengxiang


Romans 1:1-15
                        An Epistle
   Paul is writing a letter to the church in Rome
    • It is a LETTER, not a series of disjointed
    • Meant to be read in its entirety
    • Has a purpose, a reason for writing
          The purpose (theme) unifies the entire letter
    • Written in sentences and paragraphs
          Chapters and verses added centuries later
    • To understand the letter, we need to know the
      original readers and their circumstances
   Rome was the capital city of an empire
   The empire controlled countries surrounding the
    Mediterranean Sea (many for over 100 years)
    •   Most of Europe
    •   Turkey, Armenia
    •   Iraq, Azerbaijan
    •   Syria, Lebanon
    •   Israel, Jordan, Gaza
    •   Egypt, Lybia
    •   Tunisia, Algeria
    •   Morocco
    •   Cyprus, Crete
   The church in Rome
    • We do not know who established the first
      church in the city
    • Probably started by Jewish believers who
      were in Jerusalem on Pentecost (Acts 2:10)
    • Or perhaps by believers scattered after
      Stephen‟s death (Acts 8:1-4)
    • Gentiles didn‟t become accepted in the church
      until around AD 40 (Acts 10-11)
   The church in Rome
    • Suffered a setback during the reign of
      Claudius Caesar (AD 41-54)
         Claudius ordered all Jews to leave Rome (AD
          49) because of riots regarding “Chrestus”
           • 20,000 Jews (including Jewish Christians)
             forced to leave the city
           • Remained in effect until Claudius‟ death
         So only Gentile Christians were in the church
          in Rome from AD 49 - 54
   The letter to the church in Rome
    • Written around AD 56 - 58
        When Paul was passing through Corinth (Acts
        Jews were again allowed in Rome

            • Evidenced by Aquila & Priscilla (Rom 16:3)
          So the church was a mixture of Jews and
            • Naturally, there would be some tensions
              between the two groups
   Romans 1:1-15
    • Introduces the writer to the readers
    • The writer (1:1-6)
       “Paul” makes clear who the writer is
       “bond-servant” and “apostle”

           • “Servant” says he is not coming with his own
           • “Apostle” means “one sent with a commission”
               His authority derives from Christ alone

         Jesus authority is because He fulfilled
          prophecy and was raised from the dead
           • Whether Jew or Gentile, He is Lord – has
             authority and, therefore, so does Paul
   The readers (1:7)
    • The „saints in Rome”
          “saint” means “set apart”
            • Does not refer to some especially good
            • They are all “beloved of God”
    • NOTE: Keep in mind the letter is addressed to
        Paul is not trying to convert the lost with this
        He is trying to correct the doctrine,
         understanding, and practice of Christians
   The link between them (1:8-15)
    • Paul has heard of their love and faith (1:8)
          Perhaps because of the time he spent with
           Aquila and Priscilla in Corinth and Ephesus)
    • Paul has been praying for them (1:9)
    • Paul has been planning to go to them for
      several reasons (1:10-15)
          To impart a spiritual gift to establish them
            • Could be a reference to gifts of the Spirit
            • Singular, so could be something more generic
          To give and receive encouragement
            • This could be the “gift” or establishment
          To obtain some fruit among them (preach the
   Romans is a letter
    • Written to a mixed Jewish Christian and
      Gentile Christian church
    • At a time of likely tension between those
   Paul addresses first the authority he has
    through Christ
   Paul acknowledges he can learn from, and be
    encouraged by, them as they can from him
    • He has something to share with them about
      the gospel that will make them stronger
   If it could help that church, then it can help
    any church to be stronger

To top