Chinese Pinyin Chinese teaching of reading directly by fdjerue7eeu


									Chinese teaching Chinese Pinyin reading directly on the

  direct reading instruction in Chinese Pinyin
  Chinese phonetic alphabet and reading directly on the
  teaching Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City Board of Education Department of
Nationality Spirits
  in language policy of New China work under the guidance of the State Language
Reform Commission senior linguists, according to Chinese standard voice (Mandarin)
and phonological structure of law, borrowed a Latin alphabet of 26 symbols, in the
20th century, 60s, and create design Chinese Phonetic Alphabet. The program outlines
the Chinese phonetic system, showing the characteristics of Chinese speech, regulate
the standards of Chinese speech, perfected the techniques of Chinese speech. The
Chinese language program is an integral part of the system, it is important rules to
learn Chinese language is an essential tool for learning Chinese language.
  with social development has entered the era of information technology, information
technology in Chinese Pinyin handling the role and function has been found in people,
and more and more attention, many top linguists and information technology
specialists, In the extensive and in-depth study on the basis of experiments and to
create full-spelling of the computer Pinyin input, Larry input, Pinyin word association,
intelligent ABC input, Mandarin voice input other high-tech achievements. Recently
developed by the National Language Committee presided over the "Chinese Phonetic
Alphabet keyboard, said GM norms." The "standard", will a standard, unified Chinese
language information processing technology to improve information technology
applications. Thus, Hanyu Pinyin has no doubt the development and application of
information technology has become an important tool and standards.
  Chinese phonetic alphabet is a grade from elementary school teaching. The
traditional concept of education as the Pinyin teaching literacy and to encourage
students to facilitate learning Mandarin, while the preliminary arrangements for a
literacy tool to master the process. As the primary language teaching reform, the
Chinese phonetic alphabet tool performance extends to "help read" the teaching field,
and was written into the primary schools in and become one of the overall goal of
language teaching. However, so far, although the pinyin in the information technology
widely used in effectively curbed the once pulsing with the "play down the Hanyu
Pinyin teaching" of erroneous ideas, but the overall goal of Hanyu Pinyin has not
changed Pinyin teaching methods and teaching effectiveness are still quite traditional
and backward, some advanced, highly effective teaching results Pinyin is difficult to
break away from traditional teaching ideas and teaching habits, be it widespread.
  persistently steered us in the many years of classroom teaching practice based on the
writing. Hoped to "Hanyu Pinyin reading directly teaching" the best teaching and
scientific research to re-promote the teaching, so that it can better service to improve
teaching quality Pinyin; can better serve the Chinese Phonetic Alphabet in literacy,
reading, learning Mandarin, and learn to use computers and the development of
student life in the future play a more effective role in service.
  1, the concept of state:
  "Direct Reading Chinese Phonetic Alphabet" and "pinyin reading directly teaching"
are two different concepts. The former is a specific method of how to read Chinese
Pinyin syllable generalizations, which is to learn the Chinese reading directly to the
backbone of the teaching system of the broad set of Pinyin. Correct understanding,
understanding the two concepts of control, use, and carry out direct reading method of
teaching Hanyu Pinyin is very important.
, What is the pinyin reading directly? A direct method of reading pinyin syllable.
, 90% a few syllables is "sound", "Yun" combination. In the speech flow, each syllable
with the overall tone of an independent existence, rather than sound, rhyme both
phonemes are shown, which determines syllable should be coherent. But how can one
go two phonemes of a complete syllable it? Central Education and Science Mr. Pan
Ziyou well-known scholars have described it: the pronunciation of initials attached
read finals action. This method can be directly and accurately sound out each syllable.
It was named pinyin reading directly.
, What is the pinyin reading directly teaching? This is a direct train Pinyin syllable
reading skills for the nuclear
  heart with a holistic and systematic nature of the Chinese Phonetic Alphabet teaching.
It consists of teaching vowel sound module (including 35 finals), based on direct
reading demonstration teaching syllables, consonant isolation of teaching,
comparative analogy of other direct-reading teaching syllables, and letters application
approach and the 5 sub-system structure. Through teaching, so that children master
the Pinyin of consonants, vowels, tones, letters and other basic knowledge,
comprehension and pinyin Rhythm Combination Law; master the "action sounds
initials attached read finals," the syllable direct reading method can accurately,
quickly Direct-reading syllables to form a strong syllable direct reading ability, for
future study and application to lay a solid foundation.
  2, Hanyu Pinyin reading directly teaching the strategies and measures.
  described above, direct reading method of teaching Hanyu Pinyin is a complete
teaching pattern (or that of the teaching body
  line), it covers consonants, vowels and tones, syllables and letters, and all other
contents of the teaching . The implementation of this teaching model teaching of
thinking as a whole syllable, which contains two meanings: First, the teaching
materials, the syllable is the teaching of the core, syllable direct reading ability is the
backbone throughout the entire process of teaching. Second, the consonants, vowels,
syllable tone is to learn the basics of the content of learning must be subordinate to
and serve the whole of the direct reading of syllables and memorizing, and promote
the formation of syllables direct reading ability and improve. "Direct Reading
teaching" not only to master the sound, rhyme, stressed the basics of Pinyin as the
ultimate goal of teaching, but more emphasis on mastery and application of tools,
more attention to the development of intelligence and ability. Implementation of
Hanyu Pinyin reading directly teaching, we must syllabic holistic thinking is deeply
rooted in the hearts of children and promote child develop the habit of learning a
whole syllable. As teachers, we should strive to overcome the over-emphasis on sound,
rhyme, tone components and the relative neglect of teaching syllables habit. To
prevent old habits of teaching reading directly interfere; the same time must also work
to foster the adaptability of direct-reading method of teaching, teachers need to study
and master a series of direct-reading method of teaching an important strategy to
regulate conduct teaching.
  one of the strategies: on the pinyin reading directly teaching a full course planning.
  The plan not only direct reading emergent phonetic syllables main features of the
teaching method, but also fully embodies the Chinese phonetic alphabet sound, rhyme,
stressed syllables direct knowledge of the learning and the integration of reading
  teaching full planning:
  Phase: single vowels teaching
  (syllable-based teaching basis)
  Phase II: Initial analysis of the basis of syllable Teaching → Teaching% D% off A
  single-vowel syllables compared analogy direct reading instruction
  (knowledge base syllable; recognize consonants and the syllable in position;
  preliminary perception "syllable Direct Reading".)
  third stage: resume teaching → compound final syllable vowel analogy comparing
direct reading instruction
  (knowledge includes ia iao ua uo uai complex, including all the finals, learn to use
  comparative analogy of learning; initial training The compound final syllable of
independent direct-reading ability.)
  Phase IV: Teaching → nasal vowel syllables nasal vowels direct reading instruction
  (knowledge includes ian iang iong uan uang uan, including all nasal vowels;
  to get out, "Comparison of analogy," the teaching situation, more skillfully direct
reading syllables to form
  syllable into an initial direct reading ability.)
  Note 1: This plan is not put into pinyin materials " literacy classes, "incorporated.
Teaching subject specific materials, self-insertion.
  Note 2: Any parent with a medium i, u, ü compound vowels, phoneme sandhi can be
granted to the ways in which students learn for themselves memorizing. Enough to
make up for "universal teaching" no compound vowels inadequate.
  Strategy 2: Create a perfect teaching Pinyin system
  personality characteristics have any teaching, we must pay attention to nothing it can
do. Pinyin involving sound, rhyme, stressed syllables, letters, and other content.
Although the syllable reading directly teaching is the backbone, but not all the
Chinese Pinyin teaching. Teaching content must be different, using different teaching
methods, the mutual establishment of a teaching system integration and support.
, Based teaching
  syllable that the basis for both syllables, then syllables in the whole system, it will
show a nature as the foundation, its pinyin reading directly the status of teaching is
certainly important of.
  (1) what is the basis for syllable?
  call from the initials of the syllables pronounced reduction was identified as the basis
of syllables, including the bo, po, mo, fo, de, te, ne, le, ge, ke, he, ji, qi, xi, zhi, chi, shi,
ri, zi, ci, si, yi, wu,, a total of 23. Syllables as the basis of the nature of the base in two
ways: first, that students understand the basic syllable syllable reading directly the
model; Second, based on syllable initials of learning the background.
  (2) direct reading method based on syllable model teaching.
  "whole plan" to tell us, based on single-syllable immediately after the finals of
teaching. The basis of 23 syllables divided into two parts, first part is the first 14, that
is, bo po mo fo de te ne le ge ke he ji qi xi; second part is the back nine, which zhi chi
shi ri zi ci si yi wu. This part of the syllable with the overall recognition time teaching.
As we are all familiar, this article does not have to elaborate since.
  syllable by syllable before the 14 model of teaching and reading directly. 14
syllables in a single vowel, respectively oei, the three finals will be 14 single-syllable
reading directly learning. Teaching basic operations are described below:
  ▲ writing on the blackboard or display of teaching courseware content: the basis of
single vowels and syllables, such as.
  ▲ guide the students to compare, by listening, listening to a different sound issued;
through, and find the action of different sounds; by comparing the pronunciation,
syllable and vowel sounds really appreciate different perceptions established practice.
  ▲ listen to teacher lectures and demonstrations, the teacher side to show the
pronunciation, while this student: Basic syllable contains a single vowel sounds (such
as bo in the pronunciation of 0), and, this single vowel in the syllable later, we hear
voices and see the letters can attest to this. Basic syllable pronunciation, the
pronunciation should first action, (such as the bo, pronunciation was first a mouth
closed when a closed action, this action is the "b" the letter asked us to do.) And then
open the mouth of a school single-finals so read the whole syllable breath out.
  ▲ contrast enhanced pronunciation training students, appreciate their own way of
pronunciation and teachers really like to get confirmed, so little syllable Direct
Reading impression.
  syllable here, should also be reading directly on the basis of the teaching model to
illustrate this. The model mainly in three points, one teacher to provide students with
direct reading syllable model, the right of children to imitate. Second, students own
their own model, such a model in which a large number of pronunciation training,
students model many times to obtain self-realization and obtain true knowledge,
beginning to recognize syllables and reading directly. Third, the experience gained at
this stage in the future, and nasal finals compound final syllable syllable instruction, it
will surely play an important role of demonstration.
, Initials teaching
  consonant is a combination of syllable parts. 23 Pinyin consonant (including y, w),
mostly without sound, the articulation is just an action. Only l, n, m, r, y, w with
sound, but also weak. Thus, in Chinese pronunciation, the consonants can not be
independently used as a voice, it is only part of a syllable. Pinyin reading directly
teaching the basic syllable initials into teaching, the existence of basic syllable initials
and learning as the background, which is also the initials is the syllable parts, it is
always the beginning of a syllable, and most are not with sound it is.
  3 initials with "basic syllable → Initial analysis from the" teaching method (the
"Initial analysis from teaching"), due to the 23 consonants and 23 basic syllables
corresponding relationship exists. Is to bo - b as an example, analysis of the initials
from the teaching of operations described as follows: As mentioned above, reading
basic syllables bo, is the use of "first of a mouth (lips) closed the action of a closed
(b) , followed by an open reading o "approach. This is the "syllable reading directly."
In this method of learning and practice, the teacher has made brief: bo is a syllable, is
composed of two parts, the back of the "o" is a vowel, to stay ahead of the "b", it said
that the "mouths closed a closed "action, action, and because of this issue o tight
attached to, so we heard bo on the pronunciation.
  to the knowledge-based, teacher to inspire students to letters from the syllable
structure, see b in front of; from the pronunciation of his life in action, the sense of the
b action should first pronunciation. Accordingly, the teacher explained: before and
after the two parts of syllables, in front of a consonant, like b, is behind the finals, as o.
Then billboard book: b, a visual impression of deepening of the initials. In the later
analysis of other basic syllables and consonants from the teaching, students learn all
the basic syllables of all the consonants, on the basis of consonants in syllables in the
"status" will gradually deepen and consolidate knowledge of Hanyu Pinyin syllable
rhyme Combination Law intuition also deepened. This is a lot to learn for the future
direct reading of other syllables to lay the necessary foundation.
  consonant teaching, as well advised to note two points: first, zh, ch, sh, r, z, c, s, y, w
is the foundation came from the analysis of syllables, but only using abbreviated
syllable The method of the tail. If zhi, read it light and short is that zh, which means
the tail-i abbreviated out; left is pronounced zh action. Second, all the consonants,
independent reading is still in use, said, "Call the pronunciation", but requires light to
do as much as possible short, basic syllable with clear distinction.
, Vowel teaching
  Chinese phonetic alphabet and reading directly the teaching of vowels, the basic
Xiyong mold of traditional voice teaching. That teachers model the sound, the
students imitate, in imitation of the record clear as to which vowel letters and
syllables of this study reinforce memorizing.
  However, the Chinese phonetic alphabet and reading directly on the basis of
combination of syllables phonological rules. Therefore, the finals of teaching must be
added ia, iao, ian, iang, iong, ua, uai, uan, uang, üan audio in 11 compound vowels
containing medium. By memorizing, in the eyes of the 11 children are independent
compound finals, they observed, such as jiang, hua, xuan syllable like to see is still
the phonological composition, instead of a sound, medium, interference with Music .
  combined increase of 11 finals of the study, children will be difficult and heavy
burden? The answer is no. The reason is, 11 compound vowels, the child has learned
from the i, a, ai, ao, an, ang, ong, u, ü are a combination has a very strong band sound
feature, as long as the loud The combination of the two sounds (such as i-an) running
words together, and can automatically learn these finals, this method is called
phonemic tonal method. Interestingly, the phoneme sandhi in the operation of
"running on the pronunciation of consonant vowel movement read" a striking
similarity, so that students can quickly adapt, master, and for independent study.
, Other teaching
  syllable other syllable, in this case 23 basis except a few syllables and consonant
syllables than zero combination of all the phonological syllable. Other syllables in
Chinese Pinyin teaching the whole teaching, with the "basic syllable instruction,"
"Initial Education" "Teaching Vowels" and step by step, form a longitudinal backbone
of the whole situation.
  syllable rhyme according to the characteristics of the same structure, syllable
teaching a "comparison, analogy," the teaching. As the basic syllable of teaching,
students form a syllable development from ignorance to knowledge, and from there to
the well-known progressive knowledge. Students understand the syllable has a
consonant and a vowel, as long as the understanding of the initial and final, you can
use the "action sounds attached consonant vowel reading" method directly to the
children read out the entire syllable. Therefore, direct reading other syllable learning,
the teacher must be conscious effort to strengthen this knowledge of children, until
completely thorough understanding of the "Hanyu Pinyin reading directly," the
essence, and in their learning, life, by extension, flexible application.
  comparison of teaching by analogy and reading directly measures
  (1) "Rhyming" is the contrast, analogy and reading directly the important measures
of teaching. The so-called "contrast", compared with the object should be comparable,
but one of them should be children first learn, or have learned, and as a model cf.
"Rhyming" is a basic syllable (or the familiar syllables) as a model swap-syllable
vowels, consonants produced the same a new syllable. Such as "bo" is the model, it's
finals "o" and replaced by
, I, u, etc., produced a new lead from the bo syllable:
  lies in their comparability: ① initials are b, ② "bo" is a b o a direct read out a row,
then as long as the attached "b" is pronounced action read a (read i, read u) on the
worn ba (bi, bu) of the sound. It is this same-sex classes show comparable law,
therefore, teaching, teachers need only to lead students to carry out a direct analogy
with direct-reading training, and no more argument degrees. Students such as: I read o
- I read the bo, I read a - I read ba, I read i - bi training which I have read, understood
"reading law as a" law and experience, "read just fine "psychological experience.
  (2) stressed that "Direct Reading" training and application, "Direct Reading" is the
teacher alone can not learn, is not understand, the teachers say "law" with the kids
practicing "law "linked closely together, with the training and speaking, children can"
understand. " Strictly speaking not "understand", but realize the wonders and truth
which, once enlightened as they pass one through one hundred. More training is to
become the key to enlightenment, so that children will be practicing Italian.
  more practice with the use of integrated design and editing to some very plain
interesting content, training children, but not just boring to practice syllables, pay
attention to their potential children to play, to find some of his books content (and
even have text books phonetic) to practice, which led him to feel very interesting and
useful, Guer turn out to be dynamic, and are very effective.
  (3) design and handle the "Direct Reading" training of the gradient. In the "entire
plan" which in fact there has been expressed. Direct Reading of teaching, mainly
through comparison, carried out by analogy, the basis of syllables in the transition to
the single-syllable finals, started to spend contrast, analogy approach, this time to
make the children learn to contrast, by analogy, but this time the level is tasted. Into
the compound final teaching, the students gained experience in the initial syllable and
contrast direct reading, so on learning experience. This stage, students should pay
attention to promote increased learning. Can gradually and independently to use the
comparison method of learning by analogy with compound final direct reading of the
syllables. This stage, teachers should be concerned about the ability of each student's
development of direct reading of backward, and sentiment will be weak children to
learn to lead his sentiment, and not even be training volume to force him to learn.
Teaching into the learning phase when the nasal vowels, contrast, analogy was left at
the Kids poll, children need be delivered each used. Therefore, the guidance of a
teacher or as little as possible can be transported without comparison, analogy
approach, but many students in Dayton to promote the direct use "Direct Reading"
direct reading of various syllables, whether new or old. Students to overcome this
dependence, the Institute of skilled "direct reading" to improve the capacity of direct
reading syllable is useful.
, Letter of instruction (in a separate study)
  3, the implementation of the "Hanyu Pinyin reading directly teaching" strengths
  respected Chinese Pinyin reading directly teaching, because of its advantages will
result. Implementation of the Direct Reading instruction in promoting children's
independent learning, nurturing children's pinyin, raise the quality of language
teaching as well as Pinyin, very good. Direct Reading Method of Teaching the
implementation of Hanyu Pinyin advantage was in the first issue. Useful content can
be studied, so this wedge, only a superficial point Analysis.
, Teaching and reading directly the implementation of Hanyu Pinyin, Hanyu Pinyin
can improve the learning of.
  teacher is always teaching Pinyin, students learn the give and accept mode to carry
out. Not wait for teachers to teach, the students will not automatically learning,
autonomous learning. Each syllable spelling demonstration by the teacher, will be
ready to submit to the pronunciation of students, students intentions, but also do not
mind to copy. This teaching is revealed in master teachers, student teaching ideas
from customers, a serious constraint on the teaching and constraints play a role.
  rather direct method of teaching reading, teachers are not simply to the children
ready-made knowledge, but rather to the children by: syllable Direct Reading,
contrast, analogy of learning, phoneme Linking In Law. Teach children to understand
the law in their study, the use of the law: law of combination of syllables rhyme,
syllables can be analogy with the group law, "Direct Reading" common law. Students
gained the experience to develop the capacity, they can learn skills with the first,
self-learning knowledge behind, so that students can become self-Pinyin homework.
, Implementation of Hanyu Pinyin direct reading method of teaching, can develop
students awareness of autonomous learning.
  the beginning of school children has always been afraid to learn by themselves, do
not self-study, a strong division in accordance with psychological, reasons for this
phenomenon are many. However, the giving of Pinyin teaching behavior, so that
children predisposed to identify the "books should be taught." Down half a semester,
is this normal psychology from generation to consolidate, migrate from the
consolidation to seriously affect the children learn self-consciousness.
  direct reading method of teaching the implementation of Hanyu Pinyin, Hanyu
Pinyin can give full play to learn of. Students in the learning process, always first try,
their learning, constantly trying to practice law gradually realize, realize a method,
realize a learning experience. (For example, students memorizing a vowel an, ang,
direct reading to learn the syllables ban, bang, gan, hang, etc., have to first try after a
process of its own, try to use direct-reading methods, reading the syllables accurately
out.) courses over time and the advance of time-honored practice of trying to make
the students begin to emerge independent learning, automatic learning of the
psychological drive. Gradually transformed into a useful mental set: Reading to learn
to rely on their own.
, Implementation of the direct reading method of teaching Hanyu Pinyin, Hanyu
Pinyin will be to expand the usefulness.
  Chinese phonetic alphabet is a tool for students of literacy, reading, learning
Mandarin tools, it is consistent to the conclusion that the concrete embodiment of
Hanyu Pinyin tool. However, only those useful only do Pinyin? Moreover, these use
Hanyu Pinyin to play the real you? Answer is: no. Reasons for this result is simply
two aspects: First, teachers do not effectively guide students to learn to use tools that
make spelling a tool not full. Another is the students awareness and ability to use tools
have become relatively weak. Ways such as using spelling phonetic alphabet to read
some of the text books, students often encounter fight in front of the confusion behind
forget, something very difficult to read, students are reluctant to read, the loss of
reading fun.
  direct reading method of teaching the implementation of Hanyu Pinyin, Hanyu
Pinyin will play in the students a great deal of practical hands:
  period of teaching in the alphabet, the teacher will progress under the program, many
of the necessary spelling words into short sentence of songs for students to read.
Children learn while promoting use of children soon realize: Pinyin can read
interesting things.
  in literacy teaching, as the role of phonetic direct reading ability, students see that
worn syllable pronunciation, recognition greatly accelerate the speed of reading
vocabulary, not as zh-ōng-zhōng (middle), as there must be three places to call put
together before we know what to read a new word.
  in reading instruction, there are direct reading ability of students, pre-reading the text
with new words, new words do not have to go for first, credit record, then read the
sentence again, read the text. Students to read a double purpose, encounter new words,
watching the alphabet can be read through in the past, and therefore have a direct
reading spelling ability, just school children could soon more successful independent
pre-reading text, try self-study.
 more worthy of attention is a syllable direct reading ability, can make children very
early to set foot on the mileage reading. "Will not be read" is the students to reading a
prerequisite for teaching and training direct reading method syllable direct reading
ability of students, as children use phonetic reading and create the conditions to carry
out as soon as started his reading. Proved the beginning of school children not only
reading, but the number can be read many books. This early reading activities to
foster children's reading of the heart is, learn to use their own alphabet to reading
ability, and to promote active participation in extra-curricular reading habits. Had
Pinyin reading directly teaching and the "phonetic literacy, early reading and writing,"
the combination of research, people in many research results have confirmed the
ability of Chinese Pinyin direct reading, early literacy of children played a crucial role.
At present the outline of children reading the amount of proposed specific
requirements, in which the second year to achieve the amount of reading about 50,000
words, be sure, the freshmen learned syllable direct reading, nurturing children's
reading literacy, on the second grade or higher grade reading, will be contributed to
the severity of the far-reaching impact.
 in their daily lives, students have pinyin direct reading ability, they will read with
interest many of the living environment with phonetic content, such as road signs,
store name, advertising, trademarks, etc., so that it can be many of information,
broaden their horizons, enrich knowledge. On the contrary, due to widespread use, the
students use the growing knowledge of Hanyu Pinyin, Hanyu Pinyin students in this
course is like, willing to learn it, willing to use it.
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