NRDS Presentation- Tanzania - Th

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					         NRDS -TANZANIA

• Presented in FAO Workshop on Rice and
  Aquaculture for Productivity Increase and
  Market Development in East Africa,
  Kampala Uganda 13th – 17th April, 2009
      Basic facts on Rice in TZ
• Tanzania is the 2nd.major rice producer after
  Madagascar in Eastern and Central Africa Region
• Rice rank second after maize as an important cereal
  crop, widely grown as food and cash crop
• Is grown under 3 major eco-systems namely: rainfed
  lowland rice (72%); Upland rice (20%) and irrigated rice
• About 21 million ha. are estimated suitable for rice
  cultivation out of 44 mill ha. that are suitable for
• In 2007/08 area under rice production was 664,667 ha
          Basic facts ctd…
• Current production of rice is 875,000 MT
  against requirement of 694,000 MT
  (surplus 181,000 MT)
• Per capita consumption in 2008 is 25.8 kg
  (23.5kg ten yrs avg)
         Background to NRDS
• At the moment the Government has no NRDS
• Drafting of NRS is currently in progress
• The NRDS is being formulated within the existing
  policy framework of NSGRP, ASDS and ASDP
• NSGRP envisages to increase the growth of the
  agricultural sector from 5% to 10% and the number
  of food insure households considerably reduced by
• The primary objective of ASDS is to create an
  enabling and conducive environment for improving
  productivity and profitability of the agricultural
  sector as the basis for ensuring food
  security, improving farm incomes and reduction of
  rural poverty.
              Background ctd…
• ASDP is focusing on increasing agricultural productivity
  , profitability and farm incomes.
• NRDS will be in line the Government’s commitments to
  implementing the World Food Summit Plan of Action contained
  in the 1996 Rome Declaration on World Food Security and the
  Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), as internationally
  agreed targets of halving poverty, malnutrition and hunger by
  the year 2015.
• NRDS will be in with other commitments by the governnent to
  implement international and regional commitments and
  agreements such as the various African Union’s (AU)
  declarations on improving agriculture and food security, AU
  Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme
  (CAADP) on increasing food supply and reducing hunger, and
  SADC and EAC regional initiatives in that direction.
       General objective of NRDS
•   Is to double rice production from the current production of around 875,000
    MT by year 2018 (base year 2008)
               Specific objectives of NRDS

•   To improve rice production through better farmer access to improved
    varieties, crop management practices and post harvest technologies
•   To introduce and adopt small scale labour saving technologies to improve
    timeliness and efficiency of farm operations
•   To strengthen seed systems for delivery of the improved varieties to

    farmers and other end users (public and private
•   To strengthen the capacity of public and private institutions responsible for
    research, extension and training in rice technology development and
•   To enhance agro-processing and value addition
•    To strengthen collaboration and linkages between national, regional and
    international institutions involved in rice research and development
 Main components of the NRDS
• improving accessibility of improved varieties and seed
• fertilizer marketing and distribution ;
• irrigation and investment in water control technologies;
• access to and maintenance of agricultural machinery
  and equipment;
• research, technology dissemination and capacity
  building, and
• access to credit/ agricultural finance.
Identified strategic areas for NRDS
• Improving seed systems and fertilizer distribution;
• Developing improved varieties, production and
  integrated crop management options;
• Post-harvest and marketing of rice;
• Improving irrigation and water harvesting technology;
• Enhancing access to and maintenance of agric.
• Improving capacity for technology development training
  and dissemination systems;
• Access to credit/agricultural finance
• Promotion of medium and large scale processing
Short term strategies (1-3 yrs)
• Increasing production and productivity of rice
  in selected irrigation schemes
• Reducing production and post-harvest losses
• Increasing availability of agricultural inputs i.e.
  improved seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and
  appropriate farm machineries
Medium term strategies (3-5yrs)
 • Expansion of areas in low-land irrigation, rain-
   fed low land and up-land ecosystems
 • Increasing access to farm machinery and post
   harvest technologies
 • Encouraging investment in medium and large
   scale processing industry
    Institutional Framework for NRDS
•       NRDS will complement ASDS and will be
        executed within the framework of ASDP
•       Key actors:
    –     Agriculture Sector Lead
          Ministries, MAFC, MLD&F, MW&I, MTIM will
          provide guidance, supervison and coordination and
    –     Prime Minister’s Office Regional Administration
          and Local Government (PMO-RALG) will
          coordinate implementation of NRDS at regional and
          district levels.
           Institutions ctd…
–   LGAs will provide technical staff in the
    implementation of the NRDS. They will also monitor
    and evaluate NRDS implementation progress at
    district level.
–   Service Providers i.e. agro-
    dealers, traders, processors and
    entrepreneurs, who will ensure availability of quality
    agricultural inputs, provide tractor hire, after sale
    services and repair and maintenance.
–   Financial institutions – will provide financial
    support in terms of credit to
    dealers, manufacturers, importers, processors, farm
    ers and farmers’ organization.
           Institutions ctd
– Research and training institutions and
  universities - will conduct research and
  training on the improved rice production
  technologies that will benefit the users.
Proposed Financing arrangements
           for NRDS
• NRDS will be implemented and financed under
  the Medium term Expenditure Framework
  (MTEF) of the Government Budget
• Managed under normal operations of MAFC
  taking the lead role, main activities been:
  – Compilation of NRDS budget for each year
  – Developing NRDS implementation plan
  – M&E of physical and financial performance of the
    strategic action areas
   Expected outcome of NRDS
• NRDS is expected to:
  • increase national food security and enhance income
    generation at household level through production of
    sufficient quantity and quality rice; and
  • improve agricultural processing with a view to add
    value to agricultural products and create jobs
  • improve production of quality products in order to
    enhance competitiveness of agricultural products in
    the markets (domestic and external markets)
  • increase foreign exchange savings and earnings from
           The Way Forward
• Finalization of the draft by the NRDS drafting team
• Draft submitted to MAFC management for discussion
  and ownership
• Draft distributed to stakeholders for comments and
  incorporation by the team
• Wider stakeholder consultations through national and
  sub-national stakeholder for further refinement
• Approval process and adoption by the government
• Launching and implementation

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