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					                                  DFID Tanzania
                      Public Sector Adviser (A2 Governance)
                               Terms of Reference


This post is an exciting and challenging opportunity to help take forward DFID’s
White Paper III commitments in a highly harmonised and mature development
assistance context. With an aid framework anticipated to rise to £150m in 2010/11,
DFID is one of the largest bilateral development partners (DP) and largest provider of
Poverty Reduction Budget Support (PRBS) in Tanzania. We are at the cutting edge
of championing PRBS, deepening the country-led approach to development, and
strengthening aid effectiveness. DFID is part of the rotating troika of agencies who
chair the group of 14 PRBS DPs. Working more effectively with other development
partners and pushing a context of increasing division of labour and specialisation is
an important goal for DFID.

Reporting to the Senior Governance Adviser, the Public Sector Adviser will form a
key part of the team of advisers and programme managers delivering DFID
Tanzania’s new Country Assistance Plan (CAP). S/he will work as a key member of
team specifically delivering the following components of the CAP:

      Increasing capacity and effectiveness of the Government to provide improved
       services and
      Tanzanians increasingly able to claim and exercise their rights as citizens,
       including through a strengthened civil society.


Tanzania remains one of the poorest countries in Africa, and is one of DFID’s 16
priority countries. 36% of the population live below the national poverty line. Income
inequality compares favourably to other countries in the East Africa region (0.35) but
the figure conceals significant regional differences. Good progress has been made
on education related MDGs, but the picture on health is more mixed, with the rate of
maternal mortality comparably high for the region.

Tanzania successfully delivered a first wave of economic reforms in the 1990s. This
was largely achieved by policy shifts signalling pro-private sector economic policies.
Sustaining and broadening this growth requires a step change in state capability to
deliver growth related services and prioritise public investment. While there has
been an overall improvement in the business climate over the last five years,
institutional capacity is patchy. Tanzania stills ranks 142 out of 175 countries in the
World Bank Doing Business Indicators.

The Government of Tanzania (GoT) has a strong commitment to reduce poverty, as
exemplified in the second PRS, the 2005 National Strategy for Growth and the
Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA). This builds on the first strategy, with a continuing
focus on social sectors, but a stronger emphasis on growth policies and economic
sectors, as well as a range of governance reforms.

GoT has also demonstrated leadership in the development of the Joint Assistance
Strategy of Tanzania (JAST). Completed in July 2006, the JAST is Tanzania’s
response to implementation of the Paris Declaration commitments; and it sets the

93177f3b-ac42-4081-968c-9b587cedb042.doc                                                 1
operating framework for improving donor harmonisation of practices in Tanzania.
DFID has played a lead role in the development of the JAST, and, through chairing
the PRBS group from June 2007, we stay centrally involved in pushing forward its
implementation. The JAST is complimented by the Joint Assistance Program
Document (JAPD) which provides a results-based common frame for DPs to locate
their individual agency plans in support of Mkukuta and JAST.

In December 2006 the Secretary of State approved our new Country Assistance Plan
for (2007-2010) which builds on the JAST and JAPD. Taking forward White Paper III
commitments, the CAP is divided into 6 core components called Medium Term
Changes (MTC):

      MTC 1: Promoting broad-based sustainable economic growth
      MTC 2: Helping to make Tanzania’s policy, planning and resource allocation
       better aligned, cohesive and evidence-based
      MTC 3: Increasing Government of Tanzania’s capacity and capability of to
       improve public services
      MTC 4: Enabling all Tanzanians, particularly the poor and vulnerable, to
       access quality basic services and social protection
      MTC 5: Enabling Tanzanians to claim and exercise their rights as citizens,
       including through a strengthened civil society
      MTC 6: Contributing to a step change in the efficiency and effectiveness of the
       international system in Tanzania

Recent events involving high level corruption and further allegations of the same has
heightened the need for DFID to further strengthen its in-house capacity on Public
Sector Reform. DFID places great importance in complementary initiatives in the
Public Sector that support the effective delivery of Poverty Reduction Budget Support
(the preferred aid modality for both DFID and GoT).


DFID has a broad Governance Agenda as outlined in the 2006 White Paper entitled
Making Governance work for Poor People. The White Paper focused on building the
capability of the state, as well as the state’s accountability and responsiveness.

In Tanzania our Governance work encompasses three specific areas;

   a) Core Reforms: these are Public Financial Management, Legal Sector, Public
      Service, Anti-Corruption and Local Government
   b) National agendas such as PRBS, political participation and the budget
   c) The demand-side of Governance; work on Accountability and Responsiveness
      with non-state actors such as civil society, the media and Parliament.

We would expect the successful candidate to;

1. Provide leadership, high quality policy advice and technical support to
DFIDT’s governance programmes

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      Lead our £20m ($40m) contribution to the $100m Public Service Reform
      Lead dimensions of our Accountability portfolio, such as the Africa Peer
       Review Mechanism of the Deepening Democracy Programme.
      Lead relations with specific partners through the £20m ($40m) Accountability
       in Tanzania programme.
      Enhance DFIDT’s contribution to specific parts of the Core Reform agenda,
       improving internal effectiveness as well as aid effectiveness through external
      Understand, shape and articulate a consistent policy line across the
       governance reform agenda.
      Build up and maintain a wide network of contacts with GoT, Donors and non-
       state actors.
      Engagement in external donor groups, including gathering inputs from internal
       colleagues in advance
      Lead interaction with partners to ensure that programme objectives are met
      Lead DFID contribution to dialogue with GoT on selected issues.
      Accurately document this engagement through minutes, submissions,
       meetings etc and ensure proportionate input from colleagues.

2. Support the delivery of high quality policy advice and technical support to
DFIDT’s governance programmes

      Support the design and evolution of our potential support to the Legal Sector
      Support the implementation of our work in tackling corruption, including
       through our £6.3 ($12.6m) Tackling Corruption Project
      Support the wider delivery of the Accountability portfolio. Assisting in
       enhancing the linkages between the Public Sector Reforms and the domestic
       accountability agendas.

3. Provide a range of team working, management, generic advice and support to
DFIDT including
    Contribute to the effective management of DFID’s staff and programmes;
      meeting corporate requirements. Maintain links with relevant Policy Division
      and other Headquarter teams.
    (Potentially) Staff Management responsibilities, ensuring appropriate guidance
      and support are offered within the Performance Management Framework.
    Promote increasing development effectiveness within Tanzania, Africa
      Division and DFID corporately, to minimise transaction costs, and maximise
      the impact of development assistance

The post-holder will represent DFID and ensure greater engagement with GoT
institutions such as the President’s Office, Prime Minister’s Office, Chief Secretary’s
Office, PCCB, Director of Public Prosecutions, Ministry of Justice and Constitutional
Affairs and their respective relations with other MDAs and the Ministry of Finance and
Economic Affairs.

Skills and qualifications


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   Strong analytical skills – institutions, public sector reform, power, state capability,
    accountability and responsiveness
   Strong track record of achievement in delivering governance programmes and/or
    policy initiatives with national/local government
   Sound knowledge of the national policy environment in Tanzania, economic
    growth, pro-poor policies, government systems and the good governance agenda
   Good communication (written and verbal), presentation and influencing skills in
    English with high level IT skills
   Higher level qualification in Political Science, Public Administration, Institutional
    Reform, Development Policy, Law, Accountancy or other relevant discipline
   Planning and delivery of programmes such as managing consultants, budgets
    and relations
   Ability to work in a complex and dynamic organisational setting, delivering on tight
    deadlines and at times with minimal supervision
   Demonstrated ability to work and interact with senior officials from donors and
    both the public and private sectors.
   Working knowledge in spoken and written Swahili

Core Competencies

       Influencing
       Planning & Delivery of Work
       Working with Others
       Decision making
       Analysis and use of information
       Organisational awareness

All competencies are weighed equally.


If you believe you are the right candidate for the above position, please send your
application, detailed curriculum vitae, photocopies of academic certificates and
testimonials and names of three referees with their contacts to the address below,
quoting the relevant reference number on the application letter and envelope.
To be considered, your application must be received by 29th April 2008.

The Director,
Executive Selection Division
10th Floor PPF Tower
Cnr of Ohio Street & Garden Avenue
P O Box 1559
Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania
Fax +255(22) 2116379
E-mail: esd@deloitte.co.tz

93177f3b-ac42-4081-968c-9b587cedb042.doc                                                  4