HPAI in Hungary (Bács-Kiskun County) by eqi10659


									           HPAI in Hungary
           (Bács-Kiskun County)

                   Update report

                14 June 2006.

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
   Department of Animal Health and Food Control
          H-1055 Budapest, Kossuth tér 11.
      Tel.: +36-1-301-4498 Fax: +36-301-4669

          National Disease Control Centre
                              Summary of the events

Saturday, 3 June 2006

Ms. Gabriella Mészáros, animal keeper, reported to the competent official veterinarian
(Dr. Gábor Fülöp) to have about 3,000 geese of the age of approx. 2 months (10 weeks)
at her goose farm located at Kiskunmajsa-Bodoglár1, Land Registry Reference No.
0645/11, and several animals show droop and loss of appetite. At this point, mortality did
not show significant increases.

Sunday – Tuesday, 4-6 June 2006

The mortality of the affected population was gradually increasing; 46, 66 and 636 geese
died on the 4th, 5th and 6th of June, respectively. Upon on-site clinical and post-mortem
examination, the official veterinarian sent samples (3 freshly dead geese and one live
animal) to the Central Veterinary Institute on the 5th of June.

Tuesday, 6 June 2006

The Bács-Kiskun County Animal Health and Food Control Station (AHS) ordered a
movement restriction on poultry at the settlement and reported the case to the Department
of Animal Health and Food Control of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
development (MARD).

Wednesday, 7 June 2006

Upon consultations with the Department of Animal Health and Food Control of MARD
and the Institute, the Bács-Kiskun AHS decided to stamp out the remaining population
(approx. 2,300 geese). Culling as well as cleansing and disinfection of the farm were
completed before noon. Carcasses were disposed at the rendering facility of ATEV in
Solt (in the same county).

The epidemiological investigation revealed that a close relative of the owner of the goose
farm had visited the farm a number of times recently. Therefore, the poultry population (2
cocks, 5 hens and 6 ducks) kept in the backyard flock of Mrs. Ferencné Mészáros,
resident at Kiskunmajsa-Bodoglár (same locality), were also killed and disposed of on the
same day. Cleansing and disinfection of the flock was carried out immediately.

The Bács-Kiskun County AHS had previously defined the limits of an at least 3-km wide
protection zone and of an at least 10-km wide surveillance zone around the farm in
Bodoglár and initiated the registration and clinical inspection of the animals present in
the flocks in these zones.

The MARD reported the case to the Directorate-General of Health and Consumer
    N 46,523o E 19,654o
Protection of the European Commission (52316/76/2006).

Thursday, 8 June 2006

The Bács-Kiskun County AHS continued the registration and clinical assessment of the
poultry populations within the 3-km zone.

Friday, 9 June 2006
The Central Veterinary Institute informed the MARD and the Bács-Kiskun County AHS
that test results showed the presence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype
(H5) in the samples sent from the goose farm of Bodoglár on the 5th of June 2006. (The
virus isolation (VI), molecular biology (RT-PCR) and serological (HAI) tests gave
positive results.)
In the protection and observation zones, the Bács-Kiskun County AHS officially
implemented the measures of MARD Decree No. 44/2002. (in line with Directive
The 3-km protection zone includes Kiskunmajsa-Bodoglár and the 10-km observation
zone includes Kiskunmajsa, Jászszentlászló, Szank, Móricgát, Tázlár and Harkakötöny.

The MARD set up a National Disease Control Centre and, in accordance with Decision
No (EC) 2006/135, identified a high-risk zone (Area “A”) and a buffer zone separating
the high-risk zone from the free parts of the country (Area “B”). In both areas, the
provisions of the above Commission Decision are to be applied.

Area “A” includes the following settlements:
In Bács-Kiskun County: Kisk rös, Kecel, Imrehegy, Orgovány, Kaskantyú, Bócsa,
Soltvadkert, Tázlár, Pirtó, Kiskunhalas, Jakabszállás, Bugacpusztaháza, Bugac, Szank,
Kiskunmajsa-Bodoglár,       Harkakötöny,    Fülöpjakab,     Móricgát,    Pet fiszállás,
Jászszentlászló, Kiskunmajsa, Kiskunfélegyháza, Gátér, Pálmonostora, Kömpöc,
In Csongrád County: Üllés, Bordány, Zsombó, Szatymaz, Sándorfalva, Felgy ,
Forráskút, Balástya, Dóc, Kistelek, Ópusztaszer, Csongrád, Baks, Csengele, Pusztaszer,
Csanytelek, Tömörkény.
Area „B” consists of the entire administrative areas of Bács-Kiskun and Csongrád

In addition to the control measures laid down in MARD Regulation No. 44/2002, which
contains provisions in compliance with Council Directive No. (EEC) 92/40, and those of
Decision No (EC) 2006/135, the MARD arranged for the execution of the following
supplementary control measures:

   •   pre-emptive killing and disposal of all poultry (approximately 300.000 birds,
       mostly ducks) in the 1-km area around the outbreak (Bodoglár), and disinfection
       of the affected farms, together with government compensation;
   •   in Area “A”, poultry must be kept indoors or under bird nets;
   •   in Area “B”, prohibition of visiting holdings keeping poultry and other captive
   •   in Area “B”, overall prohibition of the transport of live animals until the 14th of
       June 2006 pursuant to Article 3 of Commission Decision (EC) No. 2006/135,
      from which no derogations according to Articles 4 to 8 can be made until that
      date, except for:
   1. the exemptions defined in Paragraph (1) a-c of Article 5 of Decision No (EC)
      2006/135 for hatching eggs;
   2. the exemptions defined in Paragraph (1) d of Article 4 of the above Decision for
      live poultry;
   3. in case of fresh meat, derogations from the movement control may only be
      granted for fresh meat from poultry defined in Paragraph (1) d of Article 4 of the
      above Decision.
   • the meat of animals from the protection zone and surveillance zone that are
      slaughtered after 29 May 2006 and the table eggs produced in these zones after
      that date can only be placed on the market after heat treatment;
   • from the protection zone and surveillance zone, animals can only be transported to
      the slaughterhouses designated by the competent AHS and only for immediate
      closed slaughter. Such meat may only be placed on the market after heat
   • Until 14 June 2006, all day-old-chicks hatched in Area “B” must be killed
      together with government compensation. After this date, derogations laid down in
      Decision No (EC) 2006/135 may be granted.
   • State Veterinary Service must be on 24-hour duty in all counties thoroughout the
   • In the protection and surveillance zone, disinfectants must be provided free of
      charge to owners of small-scale and backyard poultry holdings.
   • Pigeon races are prohibited on the entire area of the country.
   • In Area “B” overall hunting prohibition for wild bird species is introduced.

By the end of the day, registration and screening of the poultry population in the
protection zone was completed.
In the protection zone, a total of 467,588 birds (448,132 ducks, 17,457 geese, 1,093
laying hens, 577 broiler chickens, 42 cocks, 131 guinea fowls, 131 turkeys, 2 emus, 1
parrot and 22 pigeons) are kept in 82 poultry holdings.

Location of the protection and surveillance zones:
                                                                Surveillance zone
                                                                1,494,819 poultry
                                                                in 2672 holdings

                                                                Protection zone
                                                              467,588 poultry in 82

                                                            Location of the affected
                                                            (Kiskunmajsa – Bodoglár)

Areas “A” and “B” were delimited as follows:

                                                                         Area “A”

                                                                         Area “B”

Saturday, 10 June 2006

The Bács-Kiskun County Civil Protection Committee was assembled to inform the
affected authorities on the current animal health situation. The Protection Committee is
working in cooperation with the Local Disease Control Centre and provides support in
ensuring compliance with veterinary measures.

Mr. László Törteli, owning a duck farm2 with approx. 28,000 mullard ducks in the same
setllement (Bodoglár) reported that symptoms of disease were observed among his
animals. On the 6th of June, 400 ducklings were transported from this farm to three small
scale flocks3 to the nearby settlement Móricgát for cramming.
Another duck farm is located in the direct neighbourhood to this farm with approx.
15,000 ducks. Both populations were eliminated, cleansed and disinfected during the day.

The epidemiological investigation revealed another contact holding4 at the neighbouring
settlement Szank. The population consists of 8,500 51-day old and 10,500 10-day old
ducks. Feed intake started to decrease in the flock, but no other clinical signs were
detected in the holding. The owner of the population in Szank used the same feed
transportation vehicle as the owner of the Bodoglár farm. The flock was culled on the
following day.

Sunday, 11 June 2006

Registration and screening of the poultry population in the 10-km zone around the
Bodoglár site was completed. A total of 1,494,819 birds are kept in 2,672 poultry

The contact holding in Szank was stamped out. The holding was cleansed and

The MARD instructed the directors of all county animal health and food control stations
to ensure the following:
    • feed transportation vehicles must be cleansed and disinfected before leaving the
       feed mills and poultry holdings;
    • the routes of the feed transportation vehicles in Bács-Kiskun County and
       Csongrád County should be retrospectively investigated and recorded by the
       county AHS for the purpose of the epidemiological inquiry.

Monday,12 June 2006

The Central Veterinary Institute sent the samples from the first Bodoglár site to the
Community Reference Laboratory of Weybridge.

Due to the revealed contact holdings, protection and surveillance zones were modified as
Szank and Móricgát were included in the protection zone and Bugac and
Bugacpusztaháza were added to the surveillance zone.
Location of the protection and surveillance zones after detection of the contact holdings:

  N 46,519o E 19,631o
  N 46,621o E 19,656o
  N 46,542o E 19,681o
 Bács-Kiskun county



          -3 small scale contact
          holdings to the suspect
          holding in Bodoglár
          (culled on 10 June)

                                                contact holding to the primary
                                                outbreak with a total of 19.000
                                                ducks. (culled on 11 June)
 -primary outbreak in the geese
 farm (stamping out on 7 June)

 -suspect holding with 28.000
 ducks in direct contact with a
 neighbouring flock consisting of
 approx. 15.000 ducks. (both
 holdings culled on 10 June)

No new contact holdings or suspected outbreaks have been detected.
By the end of the day, a total of 262.329 poultry have been culled.

Tuesday,13 June 2006

No further contact holdings or clinical signs were detected in any of the poultry holdings
located in the protection and surveillance zones.
An extraordinary meeting of the National Committee for Pandemic Influenza
Preparedness was convened by the CVO and the CMO of Hungary at the MARD, where
experts of the public health authorities and officers of other authorities are present.

           Number of culled poultry during the day by species and localities:

Locality       (holdings)     geese          ducks       hens                turkeys
Móricgát       (35)          4.110           28.313      439                  3
Bodoglár       (11)          8.826          118.781      140                   -
Total:         (46)         12.936          147.094      579                   3
A total of 160.612 poultry have been killed in 46 holdings during the day.

Grand total of killed poultry by the end of the day: 422.941.

Wednesday, 14 June 2006

 No new cases were detected. From wednesday, derogations according to Articles 4-8. of
Commission Decision 2006/135/EC may be granted by the competent regional veterinary
In order to facilitate compliance with and the uniform interpretation of relevant
legislation in force, a guide was compiled by the national disease control centre on
possible derogations which may be granted by the regional authorities. The guide is
placed on the website of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Stamping out operations still running. Due to the relatively large number of smaller
holdings culling is planned to be finished by thursday.

           Number of culled poultry during the day by species and localities:

Locality       (holdings)     geese          ducks       hens       turkeys        pigeons
Móricgát        (8)            81           15.454       120         13                12
Szank           (89)            -                -      2.167          -                -
Total:         (97)            81           15.454      2.287        13                12

A total of 17.847 poultry have been killed in 97 holdings during the day.
Grand total of killed poultry by the end of the day: 440.788.

Thursday, 15 June 2006

The Bács-Kiskun county AHS started the process of compensation of farmers according
to the records taken during stamping out operations.

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