Page 1 GLOSSARY OF ADULT EDUCATION TERMS MSDE LWIS Last Update: November 13, 2008 GLOSSARY OF ADULT EDUCATION TERMS Contains terms not included in Staff Policies, Definitions, and Directions. DEFINITIONS OF ADULT EDUCATION PROGRAMS: Adult Basic Education (ABE) includes instruction for learners at the Beginning and Intermediate levels. Key objectives include increasing basic academic skills; life skills, job readiness skills, job seeking skills, job retention skills, parenting skills, and meeting personal goals such as being able to read the bus destination banner. Adult Secondary Education (ASE) includes instruction for learners at the Advanced level. Key objectives include: life skills, parenting, citizenship, preparation for the GED examination, the Maryland Adult External High School Diploma Program, employability skills, job readiness, job seeking skills, and job retention. English as a Second Language (ESL) includes instruction for learners from Beginning to Advanced levels. ESL provides instruction in six English language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing, pronunciation, and grammar) to non-English proficient or limited English proficient adults. Class content may include life skills, workforce development, and citizenship, while integrating the Maryland Content Standards for ESL/ESOL Adults. ESL programming should include services that assist learners with transitions to the workplace and further education. English Literacy & Civics (EL/C) is an educational program that emphasizes contextualized instruction on the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, naturalization procedures, civic participation, and U.S. history and government. The goal is to help learners acquire the language skills and knowledge to become active and informed parents, workers, and community members. Programs providing instruction to EL/C learners must apply the Maryland Content Standards for ESL/ESOL Adults. Family Literacy (FL) requires instruction in collaboration with one of the MSDE-AELS approved early childhood providers. Services must be provided to families with at least one parent eligible for adult education services and at least one child aged birth through age 16. Services must be of sufficient intensity and duration to make sustainable changes in a family and integrate all of the following: 1. Interactive literacy activities between parents and children; 2. Training for parents regarding how to be the primary teacher for their children and full partners in the education of their children; 3. Parent literacy training that leads to economic self-sufficiency; and 4. Age appropriate education to prepare children for success in school and life experiences. Maryland Adult External High School Diploma Program (EDP) is a competency-based, applied performance, high school diploma program for adults 18 years of age or older who have acquired academic and occupational skills through their life experience. To preserve the integrity and validity of the program, all EDP General Requirements must be met as well as National External Diploma Program standards. Funding is limited to eligible applicants. Page 2 GLOSSARY OF ADULT EDUCATION TERMS MSDE LWIS Last Update: November 13, 2008 Adult General Education (AGE) requires instruction and services for Adult Secondary Education (ASE) and Advanced English Proficiency. Funding is limited to local school systems. Literacy Works (LW) funding emphasizes and requires accountability by providing for data collection activities. Direct learner instruction may also be allowed using Literacy Works funds. Services for the Institutionalized (I) includes instruction for learners in Adult Basic Education, Adult Secondary Education and English Literacy. Local correctional institutions include local jails and detention centers. Other institutionalized programs and residential services include state and local medical, mental health, or rehabilitation facilities. Applications for Institutionalized adults are limited to residents of an institution. This includes any prison, jail, reformatory, work farm, detention center, halfway house, community-based rehabilitation center, or other similar institution for the confinement or rehabilitation of criminal offenders. It also includes services to residents of local or state medical, mental health, or rehabilitation facilities. DEFINITIONS OF OTHER ADULT EDUCATION TERMS: Adult: In terms of the Adult Education Act (as amended by the WIA Title II-1998), an individual who has attained 16 years of age and is not currently enrolled in a regular school program. Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA): This legislation is Title II of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA-P.L. 105-220, August 1998). The AEFLA authorizes a state grant program for the delivery of ABE, ASE, and ESL instruction. Adult Education Instructional Personnel Terms: 1. Computer Lab Instructors/Technicians: Staff who provide instruction in a computer laboratory or in a networked classroom. 2. Full Time & Part Time: Defined by local program’s personnel regulations. 3. Paraprofessionals: Staff who work alongside and assist professional staff members but do not have full professional responsibility, for example, teacher/classroom aides and teaching assistants. This does not include staff who assist in a computer laboratory. 4. Teachers: Staff who instruct learners. 5. Volunteer: Staff who do not receive compensation for services. Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS): A nationally-normed evaluation system designed to assess a number of specific skills. The primary, official assessment instrument for MSDE funded Adult Education Programs. Educational Functioning Level (EFL): A set of skills and competencies that learners at that level can accomplish in the areas of reading, writing, numeracy, speaking, listening, and functional and workplace areas. There are four levels for ABE, two for ASE, and six levels for ESL. To determine a learner’s appropriate Entry and Update Educational Functioning Level, programs administer a standardized assessment. Page 3 GLOSSARY OF ADULT EDUCATION TERMS MSDE LWIS Last Update: November 13, 2008 General Education Development (GED): A term frequently used by instructors, learners, and others to describe: 1. A high school diploma awarded upon successful completion of a battery of nationally normed and scored tests: (She passed the GED.), or 2. A class (John is going to GED Class.), or 3. An educational functioning level (Takesha is at GED level.). Literacy: An individual’s ability to read, write, and speak in English; compute; and solve problems at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job and in society, to achieve one’s goals, and to develop one’s knowledge and potential. Local Education Agency (LEA): The standard local governmental unit that controls a public school district. Managed Enrollment: Managed enrollment is a system of permitting learners to enter a class only during specific pre-defined enrollment period. There must be multiple entry points during a class term except for those classes which are specifically designed to deliver a set curriculum or content area such as a GED Fast Track class. MIS: The acronym for Management Information System. Multi-Service Community Center (MSCC): Provides for the coordination and development of local programs and services to meet the identified educational, vocational, and employment readiness needs of in- and out-of-school youth and adults. Major program components include information and referral services, career and vocational counseling and assessment, and job referral. National Reporting System (NRS): The national, accountability system for federally-funded Adult Education Programs. This system includes a set of learner measures to allow assessment of the impact of adult education instruction, methodologies for collecting the measures, and reporting forms and procedures. Non-Traditional High School–By credit only: Adults (16 years of age and older) enrolled in high school credit classes in the evening, extended day, or weekend that lead to a high school diploma. Learners who are concurrently enrolled in the regular senior high school or, who are eligible to be counted for State Aid for Current Expense must not be entered into an Adult Education Program. Programs must maintain an adequate tracking system to ensure there is not duplicate enrollment. One-Stop: A physical site where information about and access to a wide array of job training, education, and employment services is available for customers at a single neighborhood location. Customers will be able to easily: Receive a preliminary assessment of their skill levels, aptitudes, abilities, and support service needs. Obtain information on a full array of employment-related services, including information about local education and training service providers. Page 4 GLOSSARY OF ADULT EDUCATION TERMS MSDE LWIS Last Update: November 13, 2008 Receive help filing claims for unemployment insurance and evaluating eligibility for job training and education programs or student financial aid. Obtain job search and placement assistance, and receive career counseling. Have access to up-to-date labor market information which identifies job vacancies, skills necessary for in-demand jobs, and provides information about local, regional and national employment trends. Reporting Period: The reporting period that conforms to state and local guidelines. For the state, reporting periods are generally quarter, semi-annual, and annual. For local programs, this could be a semester or a class cycle. Student Performance Level (SPL): There are 10 levels, and each contains a set of skills and competencies that ESL learners at that level can accomplish in the areas of General Language Ability, Listening Comprehension, and Oral Communication. These descriptors for ESL learners were originally developed by the Mainstream English Language Training (MELT) project in the mid 1980s. An SPL chart is available in the BEST Plus Test Administrator Guide and on the Center for Applied Linguistics Website (http://www.cal.org/bestplus/spl-nrs-charts.pdf.) Workplace Education: Includes instruction in Adult Basic Education, Adult Secondary Education and English Language Acquisition that is customized to address basic skill needs of employers, especially in the changing workplace. Local education providers, in partnership with business, industry, labor organizations, or local workforce boards, provide instruction to workers in need of more advanced skills to maintain or advance in their jobs. Instruction is also provided to help unemployed individuals develop skills to identify a career path and obtain or keep a job. Workforce Investment Act (WIA): A federal law passed in August 1998 (WIA-P.L. 105-220) that focuses on meeting the needs of businesses for skilled workers and the training, education, and employment needs of individuals. There are five titles to the act: Title I authorizes the new Workforce Investment System. Title II (AEFLA ) reauthorizes Adult Education and Literacy Programs for Fiscal Years 1999-2003. Title III amends the Wagner-Peyser Act to require that Employment Service/Job Service activities become part of the "One-Stop" system and establishes a national employment statistics initiative. Title IV reauthorizes Rehabilitation Act Programs through Fiscal Year 2003 and links these programs to State and local workforce development systems. Title V contains general provisions that include authority for State unified plans relating to several workforce development programs, incentive grants for States exceeding negotiated performance levels under the Workforce Investment Act, Adult Education Act, and Perkins Vocational Education Act, and transition provisions.