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					   Introduction and Background
   The Energy Efficient Home
   Energy Audits and Calculators
   Approaches to Saving Energy
   New Technology
   Energy Conservation Incentives
   Conclusion
   Definition -Energy conservation is the practice of
    decreasing the quantity of energy used. It may be
    achieved through efficient energy use, in which case
    energy use is decreased while achieving a similar
    outcome, or by reduced consumption of energy
    services. Energy conservation may result in increase of
    financial capital, environmental value, national
    security, personal security, and human comfort.
    Individuals and organizations that are direct
    consumers of energy may want to conserve energy in
    order to reduce energy costs and promote economic
    security. Industrial and commercial users may want to
    increase efficiency and thus maximize profit
   Sustainable Energy
   ―A three legged stool‖
   1) Conservation – Use less!
   2) Improve Efficiency – Technology and ―do
    more with less‖
   3) Renewable Energy – Invest in the future
      ―We’re the Energy Hogs of the World‖

Household Consumption

   Texas      14,000 kw hour/year
   Ontario    10,000 kw hour/year
   California 6,500 kw hour/year
   Netherlands 3,000 kw hour/year
How energy is used     For an annual energy
 in Ontario homes         bill of $2,000

Space heating 57-62%      $1,140 - $1,240
Water heating 20-21%      $400 - $420
Appliances 12-13%         $240 - $260
Lighting 4-5%             $80 - $100
Cooling 0-7%              $0 - $200
Typical Annual Heating Costs
 Geothermal        $407
 Natural Gas       $773 - $1,186
 Electric          $1,017
 Fuel Oil          $2,076 - $2,976
 Propane           $2,082 - $2,968
 Wood Pellet       $
 Wood
Annual Water Heating Costs
 Geothermal Assisted Electric $170

 Natural Gas                    $180-$320
 Electric                       $300-$530
 Fuel Oil                       $516-$591
 Propane                        $520-$650
 Solar                          $120-$210
    Appliance      Watts    Annual Use     Cost
   Clothes Dryer   5000       1200      122.70
   Clothes Washer 500          600        6.12
   Computer         200       1200        24.60
   Dishwasher      1300        156        16.08
   Food Freezer     350        252        25.92
   Microwave Oven 1000         600         6.12
   Stove(Oven)      5000      6000       612.20
   Fridge            500       900        92.40
   Television        100       240        24.60
   Air Conditioner 1000       1100       113.00
   Quick Tips to save energy in the home
   Improving a homes air tightness can reduce
    consumption by 15-40%
   Front loading washers use 50% less electricity
    and up to 50% less water
   Programmable thermostat – 2 for 1
   Microwave oven’s use up to 75% less
   Laptop computers use 90% less
   Buying Energy Star appliances can save 25%+
   Electricity Efficiency Tips - Save energy with
    these simple, practical tips. Many of these
    suggestions don’t require tools or out-of-pocket
    expense. Watch over time to see your energy
    efficiency increase and your savings grow. Go
    to the OPA website for a complete list and
    interactive forum for all appliances and heating
    and cooling devices :
    http://www.everykilowattcounts.com/tools-
    and-tips/
   Websites for more Facts and Insights on how to
    save energy in your home
   www.everykilowattcounts.com/residential/
   http://www.torontohydro.com/electricsystem
    /powerwise/index.cfm
   http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/index.cfm?fuse
    action=conservation.tips
   http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca/english/index.cfm
   Green Buildings – The typical house can
    cause twice the greenhouse gas emissions
    of the typical car
   Buildings use 12% of the total water
    consumed, contribute 30% of our
    greenhouse gases contribute 65% of the
    waste output and consume 70% of the
    total electricity consumed by Canadians
What’s Being Done?
 R-2000

 Leadership in Engineering and
  Environmental Design (LEED)
 Energy Star

 Green Build




     Home           Institutional   Commercial
    R-2000
   A building standard based mainly on
    energy targets
   Superior construction methods
    including lots of insulation, high
    quality windows and doors,
    elimination of leaks and drafts
   Take advantage of passive solar and
    high efficiency heat, cooling and air
    exchange
LEEDS
Point System
Four Levels of Certification
 Certified

 Silver

 Gold

 Platinum
Six Categories
   Sustainable Sites
   Water Efficiency
   Energy and Atmosphere
   Materials and Resources
   Indoor Environmental Quality
   Innovation
ENERGY STAR® for New Homes

 The ENERGY STAR for New Homes initiative
 promotes energy efficiency guidelines that
 enable new homes to be approximately
 30 percent more energy efficient than those
 built to minimum provincial building codes..
 This initiative is currently available in Ontario
 and Saskatchewan and is managed for Natural
 Resources Canada by regional service
 organizations.
   Energy-efficient construction techniques and
    products
   Improved indoor environments
   Water-efficient products and processes
   Renewable Energy options
   Waste reduction and recycling during
    construction
   Smart growth and sustainable land
    development practices
Built Green – Four Levels and Eight Categories
   Operational Systems
   Building Materials
   Outside and Inside finishes
   Indoor Air Quality
   Waste Management
   Ventilation
   Water Conservation
   Business practices
   Home Energy audit shows where your home leaks and
    identifies improvements that can be made to heating,
    cooling, hot water and other energy uses in the home
   The Government of Ontario will pay 50% of your
    Home Energy Audit, up to $150.
   The audit will explain your home's energy use — attic
    to basement. A typical audit involves the following
    steps:
   A walk-through assessment of your home’s insulation,
    heating and cooling systems and other energy uses
   A ―blower door‖ depressurization test to identify leaks
    and drafts
   A personalized Energy Efficiency Evaluation Report
   The audit will explain your home's energy use — attic
    to basement. A typical audit involves the following
    steps:
   A walk-through assessment of your home’s insulation,
    heating and cooling systems and other energy uses
   A ―blower door‖ depressurization test to identify leaks
    and drafts
   A personalized Energy Efficiency Evaluation Report
   Many of the energy-saving upgrades identified by your
    Home Energy Audit will qualify you for rebates under
    the Home Energy Retrofit Program. These rebates from
    the Governments of Ontario and Canada can
    reimburse you up to $10,000* when you complete
    improvements identified by your audit.
To Get Started
 To qualify for rebates, you need to first
  complete a Home Energy Audit with a certified
  energy advisor. After this audit, you have 18
  months to make some or all of the upgrades
  your energy advisor recommends. After
  completing the work, you need a post-retrofit
  audit. You will receive rebates for the amounts
  allowed for each eligible upgrade you make,
  up to $10,000, even if you do the work yourself
Where to start
Call 1-888-668-4636
Website - http://www.homeenergyontario.ca
           http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca/
Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure
     900 Bay Street, 4th Floor
     Hearst Block
     Toronto, Ontario
     M7A 2E1
   Energy Calculators
   Wattage # x Hours used ÷ 1,000 = kWh (kilowatt
    hours)kWh x $0.1027 = Total kWh Charge (price for
    electricity – will vary by location)
   A variety of calculators are available to measure a
    range of energy uses, alternatives and different
    applications.
   For appliances check
    http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca/equipment/english/page26.cf
    m?attr=4
   http://www.hydroonenetworks.com/en/efficiency/a
    ppliance_calculator/
For Home Heating check:
http://www.epa.gov/seahome/energy.html
http://www.hydro.mb.ca/your_home/home_en
   ergy_costs.shtml

For a variety of other applications check
 http://www.everykilowattcounts.com/tools-
  and-tips/
   Reduce, Reuse, Recycle – Part of an effective
    conservation program
   Energy Audit – Identify your ―best bets‖
   Energy Calculator – Identify those areas that
    use the most energy – Remember home heating
    accounts for 60%+ of your energy consumption
    with hot water next!
   Make a plan, set some goals
   Involve the whole family
   Increase everyones’ understanding of the
    benefits of energy efficiency
   Make the link between actions and behaviour
    by individuals and potential savings
   Motivate users to modify behaviour
   Share the goal of reducing energy consumption
    and saving money
   Not the ―silver bullet‖ yet
   Green Building – Most of this ―new technology
    is expected to be in the new Ontario Building
    Code planned for 2012 – but you can access
    and use it now!
   Energy Star – government-backed symbol for
    energy efficiency – meets federally regulated
    minimum energy performance standards
        P
    (MŸS)
Smart Meters
 Will replace existing meters and record &
  report your electricity usage by hour
 Will enable you to better manage your
  electricity consumption and take advantage of
  ―time of use‖ pricing
 Will be in place in every home and business by
  2010
Smart Meters
 You’ll be able to take action to shift your use
  to lower priced times
 Real hourly data about your electricity use
  will be available over the internet
 You’ll get more information to better reflect
  your usage pattern on your bill
 Research in Europe and Ontario has shown
  real reductions of 5%-15%
   Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
   Renewable Energy Incentives
   Remote Smart Metering for all appliances
   By changing just one incandescent light bulb to
    a compact flourescent, the NE region of
    Ontario could save over $1,000,000 in
    electricity!
Incentives
    Home Energy Audit Program
    - Gov’t of Ontario pays 50% up to $150
    - Upgrades Identified are eligible for up to
     $10,000 in federal and provincial grants


    Examples Include:
   Energy Star Gas Furnace - $1000
   Ground Water Source Heat Pump - $7000
   5 Baseboard Program. Thermostats - $60
   Upgrade Wood Burning Stove - $600
   Instantaneous Gas Hotwater - $600
   Attic Insulation bring up to R-40 - $800
   Basement Insulation 20%-100% -$200-$1000
Ontario Power Authority Sponsored
   The Great Refrigerator Round Up
   $25 rebate when a program registered contractor installs a
    programmable thermostat.
   $125 rebate when you have an existing furnace replaced with the
    purchase and installation of a mid or high-efficiency furnace with
    an Electronically Commutated Motor (ECM).
   $250 rebate when you have an existing central air conditioner
    (CAC) replaced with the purchase and installation of an ENERGY
    STAR qualified CAC system, heat pump or ductless split system
    (NOTE: ENERGY STAR qualified criteria = minimum 14 SEER
    and 11.5 EER ).
   $400 rebate when you have an existing CAC replaced with the
    purchase and installation of a stand-alone CEE "Tier 2" level
    central air conditioning system or heat pump
   Peaksaver - $25 if you let you local LCD ―cycle down‖ your AC
   Consumer Guide to Home Energy Savings, a one-
    stop resource for consumers who want to
    improve their home’s energy performance and
    reduce costs
   ISBN: 978-0-86571-602-5
    Soft Cover, 5.5" x 8.5", 256 pp., illustrated,
    index, 2007
The “Low Hanging Fruit”

   Install Programmable Thermostats and turn the
    heat down – Remember each 1degree can save
    2-3% on heating costs
   Wrap your electric water heater in an approved
    blanket and drain sediment annually
   Turn off lights and appliances when not in use
   Install ceiling fans in all possible locations
   Use toaster oven or microwave for small to
    medium sized meals
   Defrost freezers and fridges and get rid of the
    old ones
   Switch your energy use to non peak times
   Buy Energy Star appliances wherever possible
   Plant a tree – deciduous on the south conifer on
    the north
   Talk about it with family and friends!
   Change furnace filters monthly
   Check the air pressure in your car tires
“The kind of thinking that has got us
  into this situation is not the kind of
  thinking that will get us out”

- Albert Einstein

				
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