Egypt Power Point Assignment Overview by plu17302

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									Egypt Power Point
   Assignment
    Overview
 6th Grade Social Studies
      By Ann Bowen
                   Standards
Standard 6.2.
Students analyze the geographic,
  political, economic, religious,
  and social structures of the early
  civilizations of Mesopotamia,
  Egypt, and Kush.
                                     Purpose
 Students were to research and create a PowerPoint
  Presentation on the development of Egyptian Civilization.
 Required topics include:
    The impact of geography on the development of
      Egypt
    Religious beliefs and burial practices
    The Social Pyramid/Daily Life
    Important people and rulers
    The development of civilization/government
    A summary of Egyptian achievements
    Free choice items
 Students needed to include graphics to enhance their
  presentati0n.
          Project Summary
 Students were given the assignment
  parameters, rubric and time to research their
  topics.
 Research consisted on time in class with the
  text, reference materials and time in the
  Ibrary to research online.
 Students were shown sample projects to set
  the standard for excellence.
 Projects were submitted online via Moodle or
  on a flash drive.
 Students presented their projects in class.
    Ancient Egypt

By: Jeffrey A. Kramer, Jr.
         Period 4
   December 3, 2008
                    Geography
Egypt has one of the world’s best geographical features. This
feature is the Nile River one of the largest rivers. The Nile River is
were civilization was formed. It provided supplies for the settlers.
The Nile Delta provided a fertile piece of land for farming. The
fertile land was a result of the often flooding of the river. The
flooding a also caused silt to cover the bank. In earlier times the Nile
was covered in marsh and swamp.
Nile River
               Early Civilization
The early civilization was split into parts Lower Egypt and Upper
  Egypt. The civilizations were started by wealthy farmers. They
  created kingdoms by joining with other wealthy merchants. So the
  kingdoms became bigger and stronger. Soon the small rulers
  became pharaohs.
 Map of
Civilization
         The Two Kingdoms
        Lower Egypt
The lower kingdom is located
  north-west of the Nile delta.
  The capital was called Pe.
  They used the red crown to
  symbolize the pharaoh.

                                          Upper Egypt
                                  The upper kingdom was located
                                    on the west bank of the Nile.
                                    The Capital was named
                                    Nekhen.They use the white
                                    crown to symbolize the
                                    pharaoh.
              Egyptian Crowns
To the left is the upper kingdom’s white crown. To the right is the
  lower kingdom’s red crown. They are both used to symbolize being
  the pharaoh.
                         Pharaoh
The pharaoh has many jobs and responsibilities. There were many
  different details and myths that go behind a pharaoh. As you flip
  through the next few pages you will learn more.
               Pharaoh’s jobs
The pharaoh wasn’t just the ruler of the kingdom. They
 were also the head of the government. They control the
 army. They decide on taxes. They are also judges of
 the people. They were also the high priest of the
 worship of the gods.
      The myth of the pharaohs
The pharaoh was thought to be the god, Horus. The Egyptians
  believed that Horus the son of Osiris was born on earth to rule.
   They held high religious believe of the pharaohs.
        Meaning of the pharaoh
The word pharaoh has not only religious background, but also a word
   meaning. The word pharaoh is comes from the word “per-aa” which
   means “great house”. The word derived from a Latin word.
              Who was a pharaoh
The pharaoh was usually a man, but when push come to shove there
  was a women. The pharaoh didn’t have to be old. There were a few
  young rulers. The pharaoh usually was a single ruler, but there was
  two rulers at times. With two there was usually a dominant ruler. So
   there wasn’t a equal ruling.
                   Social Order




The social order was just like you see it. The Pharaoh was at the top
  and slaves at the bottom. It also show which group populated the
  area the most. There were more slaves than scribes. Since there is
  only one pharaoh he is on the top.
Egyptian Social Pyramid
                        Religion
The Egyptians worshiped more than one god. They had over twenty
  gods. Each god had a different job. Some of the gods were married
  to one and another. They gods had stories about thee interaction
  with other gods. Some of the gods were married. The Egyptians
  did all there religious practices through the pharaoh.
                 Burial Practices
The preparation for the burial took seventy days. Many people were
  involved in the preparation. The ceremony when they put the
  mummy in the tombs it was extravagant. The family hired
  professional mourners. The priest were involved in the process.
  There were servants and maids to help. The died were faired
  across the river. In the tomb they buried the persons favorite items
  and religious tools.
              Middle Kingdom
Dynasty XII ruled The middle     During the Middle kingdom
  kingdom. The kingdom started     period they restored all of
  1991 B.C and ended               Egypt's wealth. They
  1788B.C.                         conquered Nubia. Palestine
                                   and Syria trade was
                                   promoted at that time.
                                   Architecture, literature, and
                                   other arts flourished at this
                                   time.
           The New Kingdom
The new kingdom was ruled by    During these times the kingdom
  Dynasty XVIII. The new          developed a permanent army.
  kingdom started in 1554B.C.     They became an empire.
  The kingdom ended in            Established it territory and
  1054B.C.                        conquered Kush and Nubia.
                                  They gathered more
                                  recourses such as slaves,
                                  copper, gold, ivory, and ebony.
                           work
           Men’s job                       Women’s job
Men’s jobs varied from how        Women’s jobs were very much the
  wealthy you are. Most rich       same. Most women were
  men were priest or scribes.      house wives. But there were a
  Some men were soldiers in the    few jobs a women could hold.
  army. While other men were       There titles would be
  merchants and craft men.         “Supervisor of cloth” or
  Most men were farmers            “Supervisor of wigs”. Still
  though.                          they could not hold positions
                                   like men.
                       Daily Life
              Food                              Drink
The Egyptians had a small          The main drink in Egypt was
  variety of food. There main        beer. The had wine and milk
  dish is bread, but you didn’t      for the upper class. The
  want to eat to much of this        children had watered down
  because they mixed sand in it.     beer. They had alcohol
  They had fruits and                because it killed all the germs.
  vegetables. Also cheese was
  eaten. For the upper class
  there were geese and fish.
                       Daily Life
               Hair                            Clothes
The hair style was pretty simple.   The women and the girls wore
  Common folk wore their hair         robes and dresses. The older
  short. Some people worn wigs        men wore skirts from waist to
  both men and women. For the         knee. For the young boys they
  young boys they had a shaved        had no clothes on. On some
  head except for a braided lock      occasions they wore skirts to.
  to one side. The young girls
  wore pig tails to each side.
                  Achievements
The Egyptians had many achievements. There’s a long list. Here is a
  few Obelisk, Cartouche, pyramids, mummification, gods, language,
  calendar, number system, papyrus, laws, court, and Book of Dead.
  One of the achievements is the flat roofed house. They made there
  own brick by mixing straw and mud. The purpose of the flat roofed
  house was to watch activities. The doors were three feet off the
  ground to keep out dust. To reach the doors they went up ramps.
  You had to go outside and go up an ramp to reach another level.
  Some people had anywhere from 25-30 rooms.
                Important People
Some important people are Thutmose III, Akhenaten, Hatshepsut,
  Ramesses the Great, Tutankhamen, and Cleopatra VII. These are
  some of the important pharaohs. Some of the pharaoh’s are
  famous for richness, being a female, religious reasons, and for being
  war heroes.
Ancient Egypt
                Geography


The Nile River is also known as the gift of Egypt.
Their civilization began there. 2/3 of Egypt’s fertile
was located in the Nile Delta.
         Early Civilization (two kingdoms)


     The two kingdoms were called Lower Egypt and Upper
Egypt. To be protected from invaders, the villages of Egypt
grew. The wealthy farmers became village leaders. The strong
leaders grew to have control over several villages. When 3200
BC came, the villages had grown, came together and formed
two kingdoms. Having a lot of Egyptians turned out to be a
great advantage.
                 Pharaoh
     Pharaohs were rulers of Egypt, also a king and a
god. The people believed that pharaohs come to earth
to direct and control Egypt while the gods were at rest.
Pharaohs took big responsibility of dangers such as the
crops didn’t grow or a disease struck. The people also
demanded that the pharaoh would make trade
profitable and to prevent wars. The Pharaoh menes
combined the white crown (from upper Egypt) and the
red crown (from lower Egypt) as a symbol of his rule of
Egypt as one whole kingdom.
                      Social Order
A Pharaoh was a ruler of Egypt as a god. Nobles were
 officials and priests helped run the government and with
     the temples. Scribes and Craftspeople wrote and
produced goods. Most people were farmers, servants, or
                           slaves


Pharaoh Nobles Scribes and Craftspeople Farmers, Servants, and Slaves
                 Religion and Burial
                      Practices
The Egyptians strongly believed in gods, here are a few:

Re, sun god; Osiris, god of the underworld; Isis, goddess of magic; Horus, sky god; Thoth, god of wisdom;
Geb, earth god; Hathor, god of music; Seth, god of the desert; Anubis, god of embalming; Ma’at, goddess
of justice and Bastet, god of cats.

The Egyptians also believed that after you die, you must go in the process of mummification. They even
had jar called canopic jars to hold a certain part of the body. Hapy is the baboon headed god who holds and
protects the lungs. Imsety is the human headed god who holds and protects the liver. Duamutef is the
jackal headed god who holds and protects the stomach. Qebehsenuef is the falcon headed god who holds
and protects the intestines.

In the process of mummification, you first have to take the body would be taken to a tent called the “ibw”,
the place of purification. There, the body would be thoroughly washed in a solution of natron (a naturally
occurring compound of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate). After being washed, the body would go
to the tent called the “per nefer”. Now the mummification would really start. The internal organs (viscera)
would were removed, dried, rinsed, bandaged and put into the canopic jars they belonged in. Once you
were done with removing and preserving, the dry natron would be mounded on the corpse and left to
dehydrate for some forty days. After the hydration, the stuffing would begin and the dried remaining parts
would be saved for burial and body captivity would be re-stuffed and packed with clean natron, resin soaked
bandages, and various amounts of sweet smelling aromas. The brain cavity was filled with linen or resin,
the openings in the skull packed and artificial eyes often added. The whole body would be covered in resin
but cosmetics were sometimes added to give the life-like appearance. The body was the bandaged up, this
process took about fifteen days.
      Egyptian Achievements
        One of the inventions the Egyptians made was the obelisk. The obelisk was said
that after your death, (if you did not own one) you would be forgotten and not known. The
cartouche is an oblong enclosure with a horizontal line on the bottom indicating that the
text that is enclosed is a royal name. Flat roofed homes were big and made out of sun-
dried bricks. The bricks were made out of mud and straw. Egyptians often sat on there
roofs to watch the sunset or to catch fresh air. Most pyramids were tombs for pharaohs
and their consorts during the Old and Middle kingdom. Mummification is the system to
taking care of the dead ant to let them live in peace in the after life. Egyptians strongly
believed in unique gods and goddesses. Egyptians wrote in hieroglyphs as written
language. The Egyptians also invented the solar calendar (365 days) and Egyptian
calendar (360 days). Papyrus is a thick paper like material that was made from the
papyrus plant. The Book of the Dead contained the conception of the afterlife, hymns,
spells, and the instructions to pass the obstacles in the after life. Irrigation was the most
successful way to control water. The number system (including fractions) was a great
advantage for the Egyptians because they used the number system to measure, counting,
etc.
      The Middle Kingdom
    Since there was more than one civilization,
bureaucracy wasn’t very effective. Religion was
controlled by the government, regular people that
had the right to reserve for royalty alone. They
could use spells to receive the royal Pyramid text
on the walls of their own coffin or their tomb.
         The New Kingdom

      The new kingdom began in 1570 - 1070 BC. Ahmose
reestablished the borders, goals, and government of the
Middle kingdom and its land reclamation program. Ahmose
controlled the balance of power between the nomarchs and
himself with the support of the military. The military was then
rewarded in thanks of their support. In the new kingdom the
women’s importance is illustrated by the high titles and
positions of the royal wives mother.
                    Food                                                Jewelry
Food gets cooked in ovens or open fires. For                     Every person in Egypt wore
flavoring for bread, some people sesame seeds,                   rings, amulets, earrings,
honey, fruit, butter, or herbs. Food was either                  armlets, bracelets, anklets,
baked, stewed, boiled, fried, grilled, or roasted.               or some type of jewelry.
Beer was the most popular beverage. Beer was
made out of barley, The Egyptians used jars,
bowls, pans, ladles, sieves, and whisks to store
food and as utensils.




                                                Work and Daily



             Hair
Girls usually had pigtails or a
ponytail. Boys shaved their
heads or put their hair in a                                             Marriage
ponytail to the side, top, or back.                               Girls get married around
Boys also left their hair to be                                   the age 12, boys marry a
bald.                                                             few years older.
           Important People
     In Egypt, people made a lot of differences and changes.
Some important people are Cleopatra and Ramesses.
Cleopatra the VII was queen of Egypt from 51 to 30 B.C.E.
She fought with Mark Anthony, ruler of Rome, and became a
strong leader. According to legend she died of a bite by an
asp to avoid being captured by Octavian. Cleopatra lived
from 69 to 30 B.C.E. Another person is Ramesses the III. He
ruled during the rest of the Mediterranean World was at flux.
Ramesses then died and was buried in the Valley of the
Kings.
                     Summary
      I still feel the same about Egypt; Egyptian life and culture
is amazing in many ways. The culture has developed and
improved so much that I am still amazed by the art work it has
brought to us, and our minds. There are so many facts to learn
and share with others. If there were anything I could tell
someone, it would be to study Egypt because Egypt is
important and interesting. Those facts may come in handy in a
various amount of ways. My favorite part of my research was
learning about the mummification process. The reason why
that part was most interesting was because the details and
steps interest me. Those facts will probably stick with me
forever because I am blissful about that subject. The worst part
about my research was, well nothing. This topic interests me
so nothing is really wrong while doing my research.

								
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