Chapter Notes Chapter aesthetics aesthetics

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					Chapter Notes Chapter aesthetics aesthetics

 Aesthetic Notes Chapter aesthetic

 first chapter
 1, the basic concept (the memorial)
 (1) "Father of Aesthetic":
 U.S. academic of the 18th century German philosopher, esthetician Baumgarten
Dayton is addressed. He first proposed the establishment of an independent vision of
Aesthetics. 1750 his academic monograph, "Aesthetics," a book published, marking a
new discipline - the ultimate aesthetics was born, Baumgarten Burton was honored as
the result, "the father of aesthetics."

  (b) the nature of Aesthetics:
. Aesthetic and other disciplines to grasp the nature of the link. Aesthetics and
philosophy, literature, psychology, ethics of these closely linked to the humanities,
aesthetics is a humanities, the study of human aesthetic phenomenon.
. Contact with people from the aesthetics to grasp the nature of aesthetic subjects.
Aesthetic phenomenon is a phenomenon unique to human society is a conscious
human mental activity, aesthetic phenomenon of the aesthetic from the human point
of view.
. Aesthetics in the main aesthetic, aesthetic object, aesthetic subject and object of the
relationship between aesthetic research is ultimately related to human values, human
aesthetic value, so aesthetics is an aesthetic value on human subjects.

  (c) of the three historical stages of aesthetic development:
. Aesthetic consciousness.
  (1) aesthetic awareness are some of the aesthetic sensibility and intuitive
understanding of the phenomenon, has not risen for the theory of forms.
  (2) the formation of aesthetic consciousness has a long history, when primitive men
of their own labor produced a sense of wonder, joy is the most primitive sense of
aesthetic consciousness.
  (3) the progressive development of the original aesthetic sense led to the emergence
of primitive art.
  (4) Fundamentally, the emergence of human aesthetic sense is the production of
human labor are inextricably linked.

. Aesthetics generated
  (1) aesthetics is to reveal the aesthetic phenomenon of profound inner nature of
rational knowledge, with a clear theoretical perspective and concept.
  (2) Aesthetics has two basic characteristics:
. In the form of language through literature in the Code, among which can be handed
. A theory of form
. Aesthetics Establishment
  (1) Aesthetics of the establishment of the full development of aesthetic thought the
  (2) aesthetics as an independent discipline must have two basic conditions:
. Have a special aesthetic works, so that aesthetic theory can be independent studies in
which the system described;
. Is different from other disciplines and scope of the independent study
  (3) aesthetics as a discipline in 1750, Baumgarten Burton's "aesthetics" of the book
appeared as the basic symbol

  (d) the issue of aesthetic objects of contemporary American Scholars of Chinese four
major perspectives:
. Aesthetic subjects should be the United States and the United States than the law.
The reason of is:
  (1) help to draw the aesthetics and art theory of the limits of
  (2) human aesthetic activities are not limited to art, objects do not exclude the United
States as art, but Art as aesthetic objects only to the natural beauty and social
exclusion will be the United States
  (3) from a methodological point of view, life, beauty is a source of artistic beauty,
in-depth study will help better understanding of the artistic life of the United States
the United States.

. Aesthetics is an art object. Aesthetics is the philosophy of art.
  (1) past history of aesthetics, most aestheticians regarded art as the main target of
  (2) art in the quality, quantity, and social roles are far more than the beauty of real
  (3) from a methodological point of view, to understand the artistic beauty of
high-level help to understand the low-life America.

. Aesthetics of the object is aesthetic experience, aesthetic experience should be
central to the aesthetic of beauty and arts. This view attempts starting from the
aesthetic experience, integrated above mentioned two points.

. Aesthetics is people's aesthetic relationship to reality.
  (1) aesthetic aesthetic activity is the main basis in the reality of freedom to create.
  (2) aesthetic aesthetic subject and the aesthetic relationship is established a
relationship between objects.

  (5) Dialectical Materialism and the aesthetics of a close connection:
. For the aesthetics of dialectical materialism has a general guide.
. Dialectical materialism emphasizes the objective, the objective law of respect, the
use of materialist dialectics of aesthetics there should be an objective phenomenon of
human aesthetic departure, the objective laws of aesthetic activity.
. With distinct historical materialist dialectics, aesthetics as a guide the use of
dialectical materialism, historical point of view should be examined with a variety of
aesthetic problems.

  (6) The basic characteristics of aesthetics:
. Diversity. This is the aesthetic is a comprehensive discipline determined, aesthetic
research methods should be diverse.
. Aesthetics of the various methods associated with the value of life. The only way the
various aesthetics associated with the value of life to the aesthetics of depth.
. Aesthetic Research is multi-layered. Different methods are not equal and objective,
there are basic differences between methods and specific methods, according to their
different role in different treatment, so that for the most able to play their role.

  2, the basic theory
  (1) how to understand the aesthetics of the object:
. The subject of aesthetic arts as the main object of study and research through the arts
to the aesthetic relationship between man and reality, and then study various aesthetic
object, aesthetic experience, aesthetic awareness, aesthetic aspects and aesthetics.
. Make such a study on the aesthetic point of view of the theoretical basis is:
  (1) the aesthetic relationship between man and reality is a common objective
phenomenon, is the basic materials and aesthetics point of departure. Relationship
between the aesthetic object as a aesthetics, covering the entire contents of aesthetics.
  (2) aesthetics aesthetics, aesthetic aesthetics both scope and aesthetic understanding
of the historical development of the human locus for the study of today's aesthetic
point of departure, will contribute to a deeper understanding of the history of the
various existing aesthetic phenomenon.
  (3) aesthetics as the main reason for the study of art, because art in the aesthetics of
various objects in a unique position. Art has some of the important features of the
decision to study through a variety of artistic and aesthetic concepts such as aesthetic
object would be more effective and more profound. These important features are:
. Art is the concentrated expression of the human aesthetic sense.
. Appreciation for the arts is not involved in direct utilitarian aesthetic behavior.
. The artistic beauty of art is the real implication of the focus and generalization of the
United States, is an advanced form of the United States, so through the arts to study
other aesthetic objects, more easily reveal their profound aesthetic character and
aesthetic substance.
. Research through art aesthetic often achieving a multiplier effect, because the art can
fully show the aesthetic taste of people of different age, aesthetic ideals and aesthetics.

 (b) how to understand the aesthetics of the specific methods:
 for this problem we must first clear: aesthetics is inseparable from a variety of
specific research methods, dialectical materialism is only through concrete approach
to concrete and deepened. In the aesthetics of the specific methods used should follow
the following basic principles:
  (1) materialism and dialectics of unity
  (2) History and Logic
  (3) Theory and Practice unity
  should also clear:
) method of aesthetics is extremely diverse, any person, any kind of research can not
use all it can only be based on specific subjects, according to different research needs
be selected.
) Aesthetics of various specific approaches have different advantages and limitations,
should be based on actual research to choose the best way to further development of
specific methods.

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