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					TR 06 02 16 Protection and Sustainable Dvpt in the Yildiz Mountains (ver 27.09.06)


                              Standard Summary Project Fiche
                                Project number: TR 06 02 16




1.    Basic information

     1.1.    CRIS Number:

     1.2.    Title: Protection and Sustainable Development of Natural Resources and
             Biodiversity in the Yıldız Mountains

     1.3.    Sector: Cross-Border Co-operation

     1.4.    Location: Yıldız Mountains, Province of Kırklareli and Edirne

     1.5.    Duration: 24 months

2.   Objectives

     2.1 .   Overall Objectives

     Sustainable cross-border cooperation developed and strengthened for the conservation,
     and sustainable development of natural resources and biodiversity of the Yıldız
     Mountains.

     2.2 . Project Purpose
     All the necessary institutional, technical and social framework conditions have been
     established and application is made for nomination of the Yıldız Mountains (Istranca
     forest) on the Turkish side as a Biosphere Reserve

     2.3 .   Accession Partnership (AP) and NPAA Priority

     The CBC Programme between Bulgaria and Turkey plays a useful role in the process of
     preparation of Turkey for accession, in particular through the improvement of the
     administrative capacity of local/regional actors. According to the 2006 Accession
     Partnership, the medium-term priorities in the field of Environment include “strengthen
     the institutional, administrative and monitoring capacity to ensure environmental
     protection, including data collection”. In addition to this, the project also complies with
     Chapter No. 4.22 of the NPAA namely Environment.

     2.4 .   Contribution to National Development Plan

     The project is in line with the objectives of the Development Axis 3, “Improvement of
     Infrastructure Services and Environmental Protection” of Preliminary National
     Development Plan.




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   The preservation of natural assets and to minimize environmental risks is one of the main
   goals of the 8th Five-Year Development Plan for Turkey. The Plan states in the Goals,
   Principles and Policies section that The National Action Plan for Biological Diversity was
   prepared for protecting and sustainable usage of bio-diversity shall be put into force.

   In the Forestry Section of the 8th Five-Year Development Plan it is stated that within the
   ecosystem approach and in line with the principles of sustainability, multi-purpose
   utilization, participation, specialisation, biological diversity, protection of wildlife and
   development of social stability, forests shall be exploited, protected and improved by
   taking into consideration the realities of forest site conditions. Nature Protection Areas,
   National Parks and similar Protected Areas shall be improved and expanded with a view
   to protecting biological diversity, wild life, cultural and aesthetic values, enabling studies
   on undiscovered benefits of the forests, preventing soil erosion, landslide and avalanche,
   and improving eco-tourism.

   The “National Environment Strategy and Action Plan (UÇEP)” prepared by the State
   Planning Organization (DPT) is another important document for environmental planning.
   The UÇEP contains relevant environmental strategies and policy measures. Moreover, the
   strategy section of the National Environment Strategy and Action Plan (UÇEP) suggests
   the provision of the training programmes in order to increase environmental conscious.

   Both the 8th Five Year Development Plan and the Long Term Development Strategy for
   2001-2023 include recommendations for the development of eco-tourism, extension of the
   tourism season, development of alternative tourism types and extending the dynamism of
   tourism from the coast to non-coastal zones.

   All national level strategy documents on bio-diversity, environmental issues and eco-
   tourism are compliant with the main concepts of the CBC project.

   Another approach targeting linked objectives is the preparation of “Provincial Territorial
   Plans”. According to the act for the “Establishment and Duties of the Ministry of
   Environment and Forestry” No. 4856, all provincial administrations are obliged to prepare
   such Environmental Structural Plans to develop the socio-economic situation and to
   improve planning at the provincial level, with special emphasis to environmental issues.
   The Environmental Structural Plan for the province of Kırklareli has not been prepared
   yet. However, all tasks and investigations, which are planned to be carried out in the
   context of this project, must be seen as a positive contribution to the above mentioned
   planning objectives.

   2.5 .   Cross Border Impact

   The cross border impact will be very significant, since the establishment of a BR concept
   as a cornerstone in achieving the objective of strengthening and developing cross-border
   cooperation for the conservation, and sustainable development of natural resources and
   biodiversity of the Yıldız Mountains.



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    The activities of the project are reflected by corresponding activities planned for Bulgaria
    under the same CBC priority 2: “Environment” (measure 2.2: “Protection and sustainable
    management of natural resources and biodiversity”) and hence should be seen as
    coordinated mirror activities, that will improve and initiate cross-border co-operation from
    the very beginning of the project.

    On the other hand, the establishment of the Training Centre will provide opportunity for
    the joint training programmes for the local people of the border region, particularly for the
    youth.

    The envisaged future BRs will lead to the realisation of common interests through a wide
    range of cross border initiatives such as:

    •      Common strategies for BR development and maintenance

    •      Close co-operation for nature conservation and the protection of biodiversity

    •      Joint programmes for scientific research

    •      Close collaboration for the design of monitoring system

    •      Joint production of information materials

    •      Joint tourism planning, marketing and promotion

    •      Joint marketing of local products

    •      Cultural exchanges

    3. Description

    3.1.      Background and justification

    The project in the context of the CBC programme

In the framework of the Cross-Border Cooperation Programme between Turkey and Bulgaria,
in the meeting of the Joint Co-operation Committee (JCC) on March 31st, 2004 for the
approval of the Joint Programming Document (JPD), Turkey and Bulgaria have jointly
identified three main priorities for the 2004-2006 CBC Programme. Priority 2 “Protection,
Improvement and Management of the Environment” is divided into three different measures:
•   Measure 2.1: Integrated management and protection of waters;
• Measure 2.2: Protection and sustainable management of natural resources and
biodiversity;
•   Measure 2.3: Co-operation in case of natural calamities.
Both countries had a list of project ideas aiming at strengthening and developing regional co-
operation for the conservation, sustainable development and use of the natural resources
comprising the ecosystem and biodiversity of the Yıldız Mountains. However, preparation



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was still necessary in order to select activities under Measure 2.2., which are mature, have a
sustainable cross-border impact and have as much mirror effect as possible, thus meeting the
CBC requirement of ensuring maximum co-operation between the two countries. Because this
preparatory activity must start as soon as possible, it was decided to finance project
preparation using funds already available to the two countries under their respective national
programmes. Thus, Turkey financed technical assistance for project preparation under
Measures 2.2 “Protection and sustainable development of natural resources and bio-diversity”
from the Project Preparation Facility Fund(PPF) under its national programmes.

 In the first quarter of 2005, a Technical Assistance Team (TA) was assigned by DPT in order
to assist Turkish and Bulgarian sides to select activities that are mature, integrated, have a
sustainable cross-border impact and have as much mirror effect as possible, thus meeting the
CBC requirement of ensuring maximum co-operation between the two countries. The findings
of the TA Team have been included in this fiche.

The expected results of this fiche have to be seen in a bi-national and multi-annual context,
i.e. the project activities described in the present fiche are coordinated with activities
described in the Bulgarian project fiche for the year 2005.

As it is described in Joint Programming Document, there are good possibilities for cross-
border co-operation in the fields of the preservation of protected areas, and the protection and
sustainable management of natural resources. In particular, the Yıldız area offers excellent
opportunities for co-operation between the two countries for protecting the environment and
managing and utilising the natural resources. The environment and biodiversity of the Yıldız
Mountains are unique and should be seen and understood as being key assets for the region’s
future development. In this context, it is of crucial importance to put in place effective
strategies and structures to protect and manage these resources in a sustainable way. In this
regard, this project will ensure a sustainable protection status for the Yıldız Mountains.

The Project Area:

The Yıldız (Istranca) Mountains are located to the North-eastern part of Trakya (Thrace),
along the Black Sea littoral. On the Turkish part, there are two Nature Protected Area, namely
Kasatura and Saka Lake. On the Bulgarian part, there is established nature park was
designated in 1995- the largest in Bulgaria, which includes 4 reserves and several protected
sites and natural monuments. There is an established management body on regional level with
experience and know-how in protected areas management. There are also park and reserves
rangers guarding the area and several visitor centres with experience in training.
Furthermore, a management plan for the nature park has been developed and it is in the final
stage of approval. This management plan defines the zoning of the nature park, which can be
the basis for the establishment of the BR on the Bulgarian side.




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Its geographic position with influences from the Black Sea and the Mediterranean forms its
warmer and milder climate compared to the other mountain chains in the region. The specific
climate has healing effect and is favourable for encouraging tourism.

The climate also determines the characteristics of Yıldız’s vegetation that distinguish it from
the European plant formations and make it resemble the Ponto-euxinic flora of the Caucasus.
The westernmost remnants of this flora are found in Yıldız. The flora is a complex
conglomeration of plant species of different origin, biological characteristics and evolution
stage that are of high nature-conservation value. There are many tertiary relicts among the
plant and invertebrate species. Invertebrate fauna is poorly investigated. A great part of the
species is of high conservation value – 119 are endemic, 164 are rare. 16 species are included
in the World Red Data book and 10 – in the European one. This is a unique zone in Europe in
the respect of natural biodiversity that the preservation and protection of which is important.

The conservation value of the mountain is recognized internationally as well. In 1992 at a
conference of the European Ministers for environment, held in Lucerne (Switzerland), Yıldız
Mountains was identified as one of the 5 most important areas in Central and East Europe for
conservation of the European natural heritage.

Turkish Yıldız Mountains is predominantly covered by forest forming a continuous
vegetation belt from the Bulgarian Strandja Nature Park. The forest in general is state
property managed by the Kırklareli Province Forest District Directorate under the General
Directorate of Forestry, Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF). The forest is
interspaced by a number of villages (40), and limited patches of grazing land and agricultural
land.
The mountain also has exceptional value in terms of history and culture, e.g. original
characteristics and architecture of villages, archaeological sites, local breeds and bee-keeping
practices, local traditions and dances, etc. Local population in most parts of the mountain has
lived in harmony with nature for thousands of years and established some environmentally
sound uses of natural resources which need to be identified and promoted over the whole area.
Nevertheless, serious socio-economic problems exist, e.g. abandonment of small villages,
depopulation, and poverty.
Land ownership is documented by deeds while a full cadastral survey is presently being
undertaken. This survey will give owners the possibility to use land as collateral or to sell
land/transfer deeds. Inland forest villages are mainly in poor condition with very moderate
infrastructure and poor garbage disposal. Few traditional houses are left while also newer
houses are most often in dilapidated condition. There is strong out-migration from the area
and mainly old people are left in the villages. Unemployment and underemployment is high.

On the contrary towns along the coast (İğneada, Limanköy and Kıyıköy) hold dynamic
fishing communities, while summer tourism has become a growth industry, with family
guesthouses, restaurants, resort complexes, small hotels and a camp ground. Developments
seem mainly unplanned, and traditional houses are not being developed for tourism.



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The coast is magnificent with long stretches of beaches (including a kilometre long beach up
to the Bulgarian border), beach coves in bays and at river outlets (Kasatura). In other parts the
coast is very steep with the forest going right to the edge of the coastal cliffs. A part of the
area is limestone and a number of caves are found near the coast.

Along the coast 2 small areas have been declared as natural reserves – in the region of
İğneada (1.345 ha) and in the region of Kasatura (329 ha).

The full Yıldız (Istranca) area has very high conservation value, and notably the coast is under
fast development as a tourist zone receiving more than 25.000 visitors a year.

Inland forest villages are mainly in poor condition with very moderate infrastructure and poor
garbage disposal. Few traditional houses are left while also newer houses are most often in
dilapidated condition. There is strong out-migration from the area and mainly old people are
left in the villages. Unemployment and underemployment is high. Overgrazing inside the
forest area is a big problem.
The Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program of UNESCO is one of the most innovative and
flexible ones, focusing on the reconciliation of biodiversity conservation with its sustainable
use. Biosphere reserve concept provides an effective tool for long term conservation of
natural and cultural heritage and, at the same time, sustainable local development. Thus, an
effective biosphere reserve fulfils three complementary functions:
    conservation – to protect genetic resources, species, ecosystems and landscapes;
    development – to foster local economic and social development;
    logistic support – to support demonstration projects, environmental education and
    training, and research and monitoring related to local, national, regional and global issues
    of conservation and sustainable development.
Crucial importance in the implementation of the Biosphere Reserve concept has the
involvement and commitment of all stakeholders to “play” together and equitably share the
benefits from the sustainable use of natural resources. Especially valuable is the
implementation of the concept in border areas. The countries concerned can develop
mechanisms to share knowledge and experience and plan within coordination for the
conservation and sustainable use of natural resources on both sides of the border.

Civil Society

During the project preparation period in the beginning of January 2005, several NGOs and
NPOs, active in the project area, as well as in the sectors of alternative nature friendly
tourism, nature conservation and organic agriculture were consulted by the Technical
Assistance Team.

In the province of Kırklareli:

•   Trakya University

•   Union of the Forestry Cooperatives (OR-KOOP)




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•   The Kırklareli Union of Village Cooperatives (Kırklareli KÖY-KOOP), a sub-regional
    cooperative including more than 40.000 farmers. The cooperative is dealing with a wide
    range of agricultural activities i.e. production, marketing, food processing, transportation
    etc. Kırklareli KÖY-KOOP currently operates “Yıldız Diary Products Factory”. It is a
    member of the Turkish Association of Village Cooperatives.

•   The Association for the Protection of Eco-systems and Regional Life (İğneada) is a local
    association dealing with environmental issues and the promotion of the local life style.

•   A Representative of İğneada Organic Apiculture and Herbal Jams Producers Initiative.
    This local group is engaged in the promotion of herbal products and organic honey
    production.

•   Association of Nature is directly interested in training activities about nature conservation,
    which will support the training sessions of the project.

    3.2.      Sectoral Rationale

N/A

    3.3.      Results

    1. Inventory and the planning of the Yıldız Mountains as a BR including nomination
    dossier is completed and submitted to UNESCO.

    2. Cooperation between relevant institutions of both sides is improved for the
    conservation, and sustainable development of natural resources and biodiversity of the
    Yıldız Mountains.

    3. Training and awareness

       3a. Training Centre is established and fully operational

       3b. Capacity is increased of central and local level, responsible for the implementation
       of the project and also for staff of other related local directorates of ministries and
       institutions.

        3c. Nature protection consciousness and ecological awareness in the cross-border
        region is raised.

    3.4.      Activities and Means

Activities:

1. Inventory and Planning of the Yıldız Mountains as a BR:




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•   Installation of a GIS including spatial information of the regional inventory and thematic
    data for the different sectors (Agriculture, Forestry, Landscape Aesthetics, Tourism and
    Recreation, etc.):
    A GIS system using international metadata and mapping standards will be applied to
    support the regional inventory. In addition to the digital GIS data, a set of thematic maps
    with results of the inventory and the planning of the Yıldız Mountains as a BR will be
    printed.

•   Carrying out a comprehensive regional inventory of
    - natural,
    - socio-economical,
    - administrational conditions and
    - analysis of the land use;

    This will include a profound research and mapping of areas with a high ecological and
    aesthetic value, including landscape typical elements and areas with a high potential for
    sustainable recreational activities, nature protection, organic farming and sustainable
    forest management.

•   Definition and mapping of the borders of the BR and the BR zones (core, buffer and
    transition area).
•   Preparation of all necessary documents needed for the UNESCO/MAB nomination
    dossier
    Existing information, like data from the GEF II project in İğneada and Demirköy will be
    taken into consideration to complete the final BR plan and to define the different BR
    zones (core, buffer and transition area) as required by the UNESCO/MAB program. The
    BR planning and management process will be carried out by the Ministry of Environment
    and Forestry, which already has experience in nomination of Camili BR in Artvin
    Province.

    •   Submission of the dossier

2. Collaboration: Cooperation between relevant institutions of both sides will have been
   improved for the conservation, and sustainable development of natural resources and
   biodiversity of the Yıldız Mountains

•   Informing all stakeholders including the general public and involve them in the BR
    planning process through workshops and thematic working groups.
•   Establishment of thematic working groups including relevant authorities, NGOs,
    municipalities, representatives of farm owners, tourism service providers and local
    citizens in order to identify possible activities for the nature conservation and rural
    development. The groups will be moderated and facilitated by MoEF.
•   Developing an information and communication system for the Yıldız Mountains,
    including web services such as web mapping and content management systems.
•   Initiating and sustaining the exchange of information, strategies and plans in relevance
    with this project between the related authorities in Turkiye and Bulgaria and improving




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    common standards for the sustainable management of the natural resources in the project
    area,.
•   Preparation of the protocol and cooperation programme between Directorate of Forest
    Enterprises, University and Research Institutes, relevant Ministries and General
    Directorates, Non-Governmental Organizations, Local Cooperatives, Muhtars (head of the
    village administration) and other relevant authorities inside Yıldız Mountains.



3. Training and Awareness

Training

    •   Renovation of the building as a Training Centre in the Yıldız Mountain region.
        (Works)
    •   The Training Centre will be equipped with the adequate computer facilities and office
        equipment. (Supply)
    •   Preparation and development of the training strategy and training manual for the
        Training Centre
    •   Preparation of the education materials for the Training Centre: The education
        materials and courses curricula will be edited in the Turkish, Bulgarian and English
        languages. Education programmes targeting children in different age segments will be
        designed. A computer specialist will be hired to develop ad hoc software for all the
        educational materials and programmes produced.
    •   Training of the trainers, who will be employees of Training Centre, and Bulgarian
        trainers: Training of Trainers will include a study tour for visiting a similar natural
        park in an EU Member State and get acquainted with the educational practices there.
    •   First teachers will be trained on nature preservation; protection and management to
        enable them to teach such issues in schools and to better guide their classes during
        visits to the park. Then children education programmes will start being implemented.
        The foreseen training activities will be organised for both sides of the border.
        Trainings will be open to Turkish and Bulgarian schools.


Capacity building; Capacity is increased of central and local level, responsible for the
  implementation of the project and also for staff of other related local directorates of
  ministries and institutions:

    •   Trainings for MoEF staff at central and local level, responsible for the implementation
        of the project and also for staff of other related local directorates of ministries and
        institutions.
    •   Developing a strategy for the further funding periods to train counterparts from
        municipalities, NGOs and public authorities concerning nature conservation,
        sustainable management of natural resources, rural development and environmental
        issues
    •   Study Tours and exchange programmes to Bulgaria and/or to other EU member
        countries in order to share experiences, including organization of meetings for
        exchanging information and know-how between Turkish and Bulgarian authorities.




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Awareness

   •   Promotion of Yıldız Mountains region, including preparation of relevant awareness
       building material – radio and TV programmes, publications, videos, a website,
       seminars, field visits, organization of meetings for local people etc.
   •   Seminars and workshops on the alternative income generating nature friendly
       activities for the inhabitants, particularly for the youth and women of the region.

Means:
  • TA Contract (1 300 000 Euro EU Assistance) in order to support Project Management
     Unit, local project office and the Training Centre with the adequate local and
     international experts in the specialized areas, such as nature conservation,
     multipurpose forestry planning, social-economy, wildlife, landscape planning through
     technical assistance. These expertise areas will be clearly identified in the Terms of
     Reference of the TA team. TA will also be responsible for supervision of the
     restoration works on the training centre.

   •   Supply Contract (450000 Euro EU Assistance + 150 000 Euro National Co-finance)
       for all equipment needed to implement the project. The details of supply will be
       identified in accordance with the technical specifications to be defined with the
       assistance of a separate short-term Technical Assistance Team, which will be financed
       by Project Preparation Facility (PPF) Fund. It includes the procurement of
       - Office facilities and equipment for the envisaged Training Centre, local project
           office and the Project Management Unit in Ankara
       - Hard and software facilities for the Training Centre
       - Hardware and software for the GIS and Remote Sensing (RS) and the information
           and communication system
       - A four wheel drive and a standard vehicle for local project office; and a minibus
           for the Training Centre
       - Necessary planning material like aerial photographs and satellite imagery
       - Field equipment like handheld GPS, compass, binoculars, digital cameras, traps,
           etc.
       - Presentation materials like data projector and laptop
       - Equipments for the Training Centre: equipments for the classes, meeting rooms,
           dormitory, multi-purpose areas, landscape planning around the Training Centre,
           and information –promotional-educational materials, etc.
    The detailed list of the equipments is attached to the Project Fiche as Annex 7.
Depending on the types of equipments to be procured, there may be several lots under one
supply tendering. The exact number of lots and the details of the tender dossiers will be
identified with the assistance of a separate short-term Technical Assistance Team, which will
be financed by Project Preparation Facility (PPF) Fund.

3.5.   Linked Activities

An important linkage is the Biodiversity and Nature Resource Management Project, GEF-II,
İğneada, a joint Turkish-World Bank Project primarily aimed at the conservation of forest,



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alluvial forests and wetlands adjoining the Black Sea Coast. Outputs of the GEF-II Project
will feed the project of the Training Centre.

Finally following ongoing Twinning activities are also important for the project: the Twinning
Project - Capacity Building in the Field of Environment for Turkey, Component 3: Nature,
TR02-EN-01, aiming at the establishment of the necessary institutional capacity to transpose
and implement the EU Nature Conservation Directives, namely the Birds Directive
(79/409/EEC) and the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC), as well as the CITES Convention and
related European Regulations (EEC/362/82, EEC/3418/83 and EC/338/97).

The LIFE Project towards the Establishment of a BR in Çukurova Delta continues.

The people of the area are already on a way of common exchange. A memorandum of
understanding has been signed by Turkish Ministry of Environment and Forestry and
Bulgarian Ministry of Environment and Water as well as the İstanbul and Bourgas authorities
and cultural exchanges between the Museum in Kırklareli and Brushlian has taken place. Also
co-operation agreements have been signed between the Plovdiv (Filibe) University and the
Trakya University as well as between the Bulgarian Centre for Agricultural Sciences and the
Turkish Directorate General for Agricultural Research

3.6.   Lessons learned

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry in Ankara (responsible for several BRs in Turkey)
and the Ministry of Environment in Sofia (responsible for several BRs in Bulgaria) already
have experience in managing protected areas and establishing BRs. This project will benefit
from their know-how and experience given that frequent meetings and an intensive exchange
of information will take place.

Existing information, like data from the GEF II project in İğneada and Demirköy will be
taken into consideration to complete the final BR plan and to define the different BR zones
(core, buffer and transition area) as required by the UNESCO/MAB program. The BR
planning and management process will be carried out by the Ministry of Environment and
Forestry, which already has experience in nomination of Camili BR in Artvin Province. The
final activity of the planning of the Yıldız Mountains as BR will be the preparation of all
necessary documents needed for the UNESCO/MAB nomination dossier. Moreover, a joint
project between MoEF and Çukurova University to plan Çukurova Delta as a BR finished.

Workshop on Biosphere Reserves was organised by Ministry of Environment and Forestry in
cooperation with UNESCO MaB in Ankara on 13-14 May 2004.

Protected areas workshop was held in Ankara on 16-18 June 2005. The national park
authorities, local NGOs, universities and research institutes were participated in the
workshop.




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The seminar on “MaB Biosphere Reserves and Cooperation between Bulgaria, Greece and
Turkey” was held in Edirne on 6-8 July 2005 by the MoEF and UNESCO.

Another important lesson learned is that the Strandja Nature Park in Bulgaria was established
as early as 1995 based on an existing network of protected territories (nature reserves,
protected sites, natural monuments etc.), accordingly skills and experience from the nature
park establishment and management can be transferred from Bulgarian Strandja to Turkish
Yıldız.

On the other hand, with GEF-II Project, Turkish staff had got many experiences about
training and visitors centres to improve knowledge for school child and local people.

Taking into account of the results of the project “Conservation and sustainable use of
biodiversity in Yıldız/Strandja Mountain - challenges and opportunities for promotion and
implementation of the Biosphere Reserve concept” prepared in the context of UNESCO
Participation program and will be carried out by leading of Central Anatolia Forestry
Research Institute with the collaboration of General Directorate of Nature Conservation and
National Parks, General Directorate of Forestry and Institute of Botany of Bulgarian
Academy of Science.

4.   Institutional Framework


The key institutions of the CBC Programme are the National Aid Co-ordinator (Secretary
General for EU Affairs) that is responsible for programming, monitoring, implementation and
assessment of all EU-funded programmes. The National Fund, in the Office of the
Undersecretariat of State for Treasury in Turkey, headed by the National Authorising Officer
(Undersecretary of State for Treasury), that supervises the financial management of the 2004-
2006 CBC Programme between Turkey and Bulgaria, transfers funds to the Contracting
Authority to perform all necessary payments and is responsible for reporting to the European
Commission.

The Turkey-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation programme 2004-2006 is under the
responsibility of a Joint Co-operation Committee (JCC), which ensures a policy and financial
overview of the operation of the programme, and of a Joint Steering Committee (JSC), which
is responsible for the selection of the projects.

The Undersecretariat of the State Planning Organisation (DPT) is responsible from the
management and coordination of the 2004-2006 CBC Programme between Turkey and
Bulgaria. DPT coordinates the programming of TR-BG CBC programme and provides
technical assistance to beneficiary institutions at the stage of programming.

The Central Finance and Contracts Unit (CFCU) is taking the responsibility for the overall
budgeting, tendering, contracting, payments, accounting and financial reporting aspects of all
procurement in the context of the EU funded programmes in Turkey. The CFCU is
established as a unit, which is administratively linked to the Undersecretariat of Treasury and




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will take all decisions autonomously under the responsibility of a Programme Authorising
Officer (PAO).
The CFCU ensures that the EU rules, regulations and procedures pertaining to the
procurement of services, supplies, works and grants are adhered to and that a proper reporting
system is functioning.
More specifically the CFCU, acting as the Contracting Authority, is entrusted with the
following tasks: Tendering, Evaluation, Contracting, Accounting, Payments and Reporting.

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (General Directorate of Nature Conservation and
National Parks, and General Directorate of Forestry) is the beneficiary of the project. It will
provide the co-financing. Under the overall supervision of the PAO, the technical issues of the
programme will be the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (General
Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks, and General Directorate of Forestry).
The following authorities have a key role in the protection and management of natural
resources in Turkiye:
• Ministry of Environment and Forestry- General Directorate of Nature Conservation and
  National Parks, General Directorate of Forestry, Directorate of Central Anatolia Forestry
  Research
• Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs- DG of Protection and Control and DG of
  Agricultural Research
• State Hydraulic Works
• The Authority for the Protection of Special Areas
• Governorships
• Regional and local authorities
• Other government institutions
• Local and National NGOs

The key institution responsible for the establishment of a BR in the Yıldız Mountains is the
Ministry of Environment and Forestry in collaboration with the branch of UNESCO MaB in
Turkiye. Other relevant authorities are the Governorship of the Provinces of Kırklareli and
Edirne, the Local Secretariats of the CBC Programme under the Governorships of the
Provinces of Kırklareli and Edirne, the İstanbul Regional Forest Directorate and Kırklareli
Province Forest District Directorate.
The results of the project will not lead to a change in the current institutional framework of
the related organizations but can only propose a change of institutional framework for the
management of the BR.

The project will be executed by Central Office called as Project Management Unit in Ankara
and Local Implementation Unit in the project area.




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Institutional framework is basically structured on four main components: 1) Steering
Committee 2) Project Management Unit based in Ankara, 3) The Local Implementation Unit
based in project site, 4) The Local Committees. See Table 1.

1. Steering Committee (SC); The project steering committee will provide overall guidance
for the execution of the project activities and will include representatives of the Ministry of
Environment and Forestry, State Planning Organisation (SPO), Central Finance and Contracts
Unit- CFCU, European Commission Delegation to Turkiye and UNESCO MaB in Turkiye.
In addition, the Steering Committee shall inspect and follow-up the implementation of the
project and provide coordination between relevant ministries. The Steering Committee shall
be led by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and regularly meet every three months
unless urgent decision-making is necessary.
2. The Project Management Unit (PMU), which is composed of the experts of the Ministry
of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), will be installed under the General Directorate of
Nature Conservation and National Parks (GDNCNP) in Ankara as a central office from where
the project will be managed and coordinated. GDNCNP and General Directorate of Forestry
(GDF) will be beneficiaries and responsible for carrying out all project activities together. The
office will be equipped with adequate computer facilities to facilitate the project management.

The PMU Coordinator shall be assigned by GDNCNP and Assistant of Coordinator shall be
assigned by GDF and supported by an English speaking Executive Secretary, which will be
hired externally for the project period. The PMU Coordinator will be responsible for the
administrative and technical coordination of the project and report progress upon feed-back
received from the project partners. Each project partner will be represented in the PMU. The
PMU will coordinate with the relevant ministries and local stakeholders on the Bulgarian side.
The PMU will be complemented by the Executing Unit (ECU) at local level to ensure
effective co-ordination. The PMU will be responsible on behalf of the ministry for the
submission of the application to UNESCO for the creation of a BR in the Yıldiz Mountains
area.

3. The Local Project Implementation Unit (LPIU) shall consist of the representatives of the
Governorships of Kırklareli and Edirne, Provincial Directorate of Environment and Forest,
Enterprise Directorate of Forest, Regional and local authorities and other government
institutions. The members of the Local Project Executing Unit will take necessary actions
within their areas of responsibility, under the guidance of the PMU. The Local Project
Implementation Unit will also consult and work with the local committees on specific issues
in the project area. The members of TPIU shall continuously work together, while they can
invite the local committees for meetings periodically to review and evaluate collaborative
management and to exchange information. TPIU, on request of the committees or for its own
purposes, can invite any expert or authority member to participate in the meetings. The TPIU
shall be authorized to make the final decision in case of dispute. The decisions will be
submitted to the PMU for approval. The LPIU will be responsible for coordination with the
relevant governorships and local stakeholders on the Bulgarian side.



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An office for TPIU for the preparatory process of BR planning and co-ordination, which is
composed of the experts of the MoEF, will be established in Kırklareli and/or Demirköy. The
local project office will be equipped with adequate computer facilities to host the GIS and
Information and Communication System and other office equipment as furniture,
telecommunication materials, fax and photocopy machine, etc. In addition a four-wheel drive
car and a standard vehicle will be procured for the field works.

PMU and TPIU will be supported by the technical assistance team.

4) The Local Committees;
• Local Committee 1; Inventory and Planning; Committee 1 will be carrying out a
    comprehensive regional inventory of natural, socio-economical, administrational
    conditions and analysis of the land use, definition and mapping of the borders of the BR
    and the BR zones (core, buffer and transition area) and preparation of all necessary
    documents needed for the UNESCO/MAB nomination dossier with TA and PMU.
• Local Committee 2; Collaboration; Committee 2 will be carry out cooperation between
    relevant local institutions on the Bulgarian and Turkish sides in order to improve
    conservation, and sustainable development of natural resources and biodiversity of the
    Yıldız Mountains. This committee will work closely with the TA and PMU.
• Local Committee 3 ; Training and Awareness; Committee 3 will be carry out all the
    activities related to the training centre and raising awareness among local people and the
    visitors, develop training materials and strategy with TA and PMU.
Although the committees seem to work separate, they should provide necessary feedback for
each other’s works. The coordination among the committees will be provided by the LPEU
and the members of all committees may get together at certain intervals, for instance during
annual general assembly, where all the stakeholders meet regularly.



Table 1.   Proposed model for collaborative management during the project period
                                         STEERING COMMITTEE (SC)
                                               (Based in Ankara)
                                 • MoEF:
                                 • GDoNCNP
                                 • GDoF
                                   o State Planning Organisation (SPO)
                                   o Central Finance and Contracts Unit-CFCU
                                   o European Commission Delegation to
                                   o Representative ofTurkish MinistryTurkiye
                                   o UNESCO MaB in Turkiye

                                      The Project Management Unit (PMU),
                                       (under the GDNCNP based in Ankara)
                                          o GD NCNP (PMU Coordinator +
                                            Executive Secretary)
                                          o GD of Forestry


                              The Local Project Implementation Unit (LPIU) (based in Project area)
                             o Provincial Directorate of Environment and Forest (Project Assistant)
                             o Representatives of the Governorships of Kırklareli and Edirne
                             o Enterprise Directorate of Forest
                             o Regional and local authorities and other government institutions
                             o The Local Secretariats of the CBC Programme under the Governorships    15
                                 of the Provinces of Kırklareli and Edirne
                             o Directorate of Central Anatolia Forestry Research
TR 06 02 16 Protection and Sustainable Dvpt in the Yildiz Mountains (ver 27.09.06)




             LOCAL COMMITTEE 1:                           LOCAL COMMITTEE 2:                               LOCAL COMMITTEE 3:
              Inventory and Planning                             Collaboration                              Training and Awareness
     •    Local- GDNCNP                                 • Governorships
     •    Local- GDF                                                                                      • Representatives of local
                                                        • Representatives of local
     •    Representatives of local
                                                          Governmental organizations                        Governmental
         Governmental organizations and
         other relevant agency                            and other relevant agency                         organizations and other
     •    Local NGOs                                    • Universities                                      relevant agencies
     •    Representatives of local people               • Municipalities                                  • Research Institutions
     •    Other stakeholders as relevant                • Local NGOs                                      • Universities
     •    Directorate of Central Anatolia               • Representatives of local                        • Culture and Tourism
         Forestry Research                                communities                                       Directorate
     •    Ministry of Agriculture and Rural             • Other stakeholders as                           • National, regional and
         Affairs- DG of Protection and                                                                      local NGOs
                                                          relevant
         Control and DG of Agricultural                                                                   • Other stakeholders as
         Research                                       • Representatives of local
                                                          people                                            relevant
     •    UNESCO MaB in Turkiye.
5.   •    Budget
          Universities
                                                                                                          • Local press and media
     •    Research Institutions

                                                                   Co-financing                                           Total
                                              Pre-Accession
                                              Instrument                                                                  Cost
                                              support
                                                                   National           Other           Total
    €M                                                                                Sources         Co-
                                                                   Public
                                                                   Funds*                             financing
                                                                                                      of Project
    Year 2006 - Investment
    support jointly co funded
    Works -Construction/or
    renovation of the Training 112.500                             37.500                             37.500              150.000
    Centre

    Supply1                                   450.000              150.000                            150.000             600.000

    Investment support –total 562.500                              187.500            -               187.500             750.000

    % of total public funds                   % 75                 % 25




1
 Depending on the types of equipments to be procured, there may be several lots under one supply tendering. The exact
number of lots and the details of the tender dossiers will be identified with the assistance of a separate short-term Technical
Assistance Team, which will be financed by Project Preparation Facility (PPF) Fund.




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 Year    2006    Institution
 Building support

 TA                            1,300              -              -           -            1,300

 IB support total              1,300              -              -           -            1,300


                                                                                          2.050.00
 Total project 2006            1.862.500          187.500        -           187.500
                                                                                          0

(*)Minimum 25 % co-financings is provided from the Turkish national budget.

6.   Implementation Arrangement

6.1. Implementing agency The Central Finance and Contracts Unit (CFCU) is the
Contracting Authority.
The CFCU ensures that the EU rules, regulations and procedures pertaining to the
procurement of services, supplies, works and grants are adhered to and that a proper reporting
system is functioning.

More specifically the CFCU, acting as the Contracting Authority, is entrusted with the
following tasks: Tendering, Evaluation, Contracting, Accounting, Payments and
Reporting.
Contact person and contact details:

               Mr. Muhsin ALTUN
               Ehlibeyt Mahallesi 6. Sokak No:18/8
               Ekşioğlu İş Merkezi 06520 Balgat/Ankara, TURKEY
               Tel No. (+90 312) 285 4620-21
               Fax No. (+90 312) 285 96 24

This project will be contracted in accordance with the procedures set out in the “Practical
Guide to contract procedures by the general budget of the European Communities in the
context of external actions” (PRAG) currently in force.
Contacts at the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks

1.   Mustafa Akıncıoğlu
     Deputy General Director
     Tel : + 90 312 207 6024
     Fax: + 90 312 207 5981
     E-mail: makincioglu70@yahoo.com

2.   Mr. Mesut Yaşar Kamiloğlu
     Head of National Parks Department
     Tel : + 90 312 207 6058
     Fax: + 90 312 207 5981



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     E-mail: mykamiloglu@yahoo.com

3.   Büşra Sevim-Filiz İhtiyar
     Provincial Directorate of Environment and Forestry
     Tel : + 90 288 212 3746
     Fax: + 90 288 212 5336
     E-mail: ………………..

4.   Mrs. Nihan Yenilmez ARPA
     MSc. Landscape Architect
     National Parks Department
     Tel: + 90 312 207 60 08
     Fax: + 90 312 2075981
     E-mail: nihanarpa@yahoo.com

5.   Mrs. Neşe ERSÖZ
     MSc. Landscape Architect
     National Parks Department
     Tel: + 90 312 207 60 09
     Fax: + 90 312 2075981
     E-mail: neersoz@yahoo.com

Contacts at the General Directorate of Forestry

1. Mr. Cemil ÜN
   Forest Map and Fotogrometre Directorate
   Tel: + 90 312 296 4184
   Fax: + 90 312 296 4185
   E-mail: cemilun@yahoo.com
2. Mr. Rüstem KİRİŞ
   Forest Administration and Planning Department
   Tel: + 90 312 296 4000/2189
   Fax: + 90 312 296 4199
   E-mail: rkiris@yahoo.com

3.   Mr.Sahin AYBAL
     Enterprise Directorate of Forest-Kırklareli
     Tel: + 90 288 214 41 95
     Fax: + 90 288 214 30 68
     E-mail: …………………

4. Mr. Asalettin AKSU
    Enterprise Directorate of Forest-Demirköy
    Tel: + 90 288 681 5013
    Fax: + 90 288 681 5470
    E-mail: …………………




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   6.2.      Twinning

   N/A

   6.3.      Non-standard aspects

N/A

   6.4.      Contracts (indicative)

All technical assistance within this project will be covered by a single service contract. The
selected contractor will need to provide the range of expertise and equipment necessary to
achieve the project objectives.

Within this Project, the following contracts will be signed:
Contract 1 – Service contract for needed activities (see chapter 3.4)

   •      Inventory and Planning of the Yıldız Mountains as a BR:

   •      Providing Collaboration

   •      Training and Awareness


Contract 2 – Work contract for the establishment of the Training Centre (see chapter
  3.4)
   • Renovation of the building as a Training Centre in the Yıldız Mountain region.


Contract 3 – Supply contracts for the necessary equipment (see chapter 3.4): Depending
on the types of equipments to be procured, there will be several lots under one supply
tendering. The exact number of lots and the details of the tender dossiers will be identified
with the assistance of a separate short-term Technical Assistance Team, which will be
financed by Project Preparation Facility (PPF) Fund.


Construction Management and Supervision Services will be done by the Ministry of
Environment and Forestry. As the building to be restored is an existing one, the work to be
done is accepted to be a minor work and it can be implemented by the experts of the Ministry.


Detailed tender dossiers comply with the EU rules for the long-term technical assistance and
works including Terms of References, and supplies including Technical Specifications will
have been completed with the assistance of a short-term technical assistance team, which will
be financed by Project Preparation Facility Fund




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7.   Implementation Schedule


                         Service contract        Work contract          Supply contract

                                                 – 1st Quarter of
Preparation              – 3th Quarter of 2006                    2 Q 2007
                                                 2007

Start of tendering       4nd Q 2006              2nd Q 2007             3nd Q 2007
                                                 3rd
Start of project activity 3 Q 2007                     Q 2007           1 Q 2008

Project completion       November 2009           2nd Q 2008             2ND Q 2008

8.   Equal Opportunity

The project will stimulate the process building the partnership between the national, regional
and local partners in terms of responsibilities taken, decision making and priorities setting and
will be in no way discriminatory in terms of gender, life-style, religion or politics. The project
will comply with the European Commission’s equal opportunity policy. An appropriate
gender balance will be sought on all the managing bodies and working groups for the
programme.
9.   Environment
The establishment of a BR in the Yıldız region includes a core zone with strictly protected
areas as well as buffer zones and transition areas. The planning concept of the BR is an
internationally recognised instrument to protect biodiversity and it will promote the
sustainable management of the natural resources in the Yıldız region. Additionally the project
will raise the long term public awareness for the environment.
As the Training Centre will be an existing building and no construction will be done, an
impact assessment on the environment is not required.
10. Rate of Return
This chapter normally applies to ESC investments only. There is no rate of return available
for this project. Nevertheless, a general improvement of the living and income situation of the
region is expected, due to the creation of the BR with a strong external mirror effect.
Increasing the awareness for ecological issues and skill building in terms of sustainable
management of the natural resources for agriculture, tourism and forestry can be seen as
along-term investment for future generations.


11. Investment Criteria
     11.1. Catalytic Effect



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The region will gain importance as an area of high ecological and socio-cultural significance.
A major positive effect on biodiversity can be expected and living conditions in the region
may be improved due to a more conscious management of the land resources. Public concern
on environmental issues is increasing and will have a multiplier effect across the borders of
the BR. Private initiatives concerning the sustainable management of natural resources such
as organic farming and rural tourism will be encouraged and create new income opportunities
for the local population.
   11.2. Co-financing
The national co-financing rate is 25%.



    11.3. Additionality
Supported investments and programmes will not displace private financial sources, as they do
not generate financial profit.
   11.4. Project readiness and size

All necessary technical studies have been completed (see interim report of TA team) and the
project is ready for contracting.
   11.5. Sustainability

The project is part of a multi-component project to develop biosphere reserves with a long
term perspective. Further actions under the CBC funding scheme will be necessary to
guarantee a sustainable development of the region.
• The Ministry of Environment and Forestry is the responsible authority in Türkiye about all
  the nature protection issues and also responsible for the determination, management and
  planning of the Biosphere Reserves. In addition, the Steering Committee, Project
  Management Unit based in Ankara, The Local Implementation Unit based in project site
  and the Local Committees (Inventory and Planning, Collaboration, Training and
  Awareness) will provide the sustainability of all project activities in close cooperation
  within them.
   11.6. Compliance with state aids provisions

All actions financed by Pre-accession Financial Assistance to Turkey will respect the state aid
and competition provisions of the Europe Agreement.

12. Conditionality and sequencing
   12.1. Conditionality

The most important milestone of this project is the preparation of the BR status of the project
area. The project activities to plan the preparation of the future BR and to ensure the
participation of the public in the process can start immediately after the contract has been
signed and the office for the Project Management Unit is installed.



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Annexes to the Project Fiche:
1. Logical framework matrix in standard format
2. Detailed implementation chart

3. Contracting and disbursement schedule
4. Reference to feasibility/pre-feasibility studies

5. List of relevant laws and regulations
6. Reference list of relevant strategic plans and studies

7. Indicative list of equipment




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ANNEX 1: LOGICAL FRAMEWORK MATRIX

Logframe Planning Matrix for:                                                                               Contracting period expires: Disbursement
                                                                                                            2008                        period     expires:
                                                                                                                                        2009
Protection and Sustainable Development of Natural Resources and Biodiversity in the Yıldız Mountains
                                                                                                            Total              Budget: EU       Allocation:
                                                                                                            2.050.000 €                1.862.500 €

Overall Objective                                                       Indicators of Achievement           Means of Verification         Assumptions

                                                                   > Increased number of NGOs with > Counting of NGOs
   Sustainable cross-border cooperation developed and strengthened cross-border activities.                   dealing with cross-
   for the conservation, and sustainable development of natural > Increased        number     of      other border activities.
   resources and biodiversity of the Yıldız Mountains.              sustainable cross-border activities.    > Counting         visitors
                                                                   > Publications in national and crossing the border.
                                                                    internationally recognised journals.    > Assessing             the
                                                                                                              international      press
                                                                                                              coverage
                                                                                                            >
Purpose                                                                 Indicators of Achievement           Means of Verification         Assumptions

   All the necessary institutional, technical and social framework > Acceptance of BR nomination > the        MAB/UNESCO > Goodwill of all
   conditions have been established for inclusion of the Yıldız      dossier     by      UNESCO/MAB nomination dossier       local stakeholders
   Mountains on the Turkish side as a Biosphere Reserve              committee in Turkiye           > Analysing project maps in the project area
                                                                                                      and reports




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Results                                                                 Indicators of Achievement               Means of Verification   Assumptions

   1. Inventory and the planning of the Yıldız Mountains as a BR > 3 thematic groups established by             > monitoring reports of > Political
                                                                       mid 2008.                                 the project               consensus on all
   including nomination dossier is completed.
                                                                      > GIS/RS system is installed by mid       > assessing    of    press levels.
   2. Cooperation between relevant institutions of both sides is 2008.                                           coverage in number of > Broad
                                                                                                                 publications (on regional stakeholder
   improved for the conservation, and sustainable development of > Number and size of protected areas
                                                                       in the project region                     and national level)       acceptance of a
   natural resources and biodiversity of the Yıldız Mountains.
                                                                      > Location of BR zones and BR             > counting of web page BR.
   3. Training and awareness                                           boundary                                  hits
                                                                      > Number of maps and reports              > listing of distribution
       3a. Training Centre is established and fully operational       > Submission of the nomination             points for publication
                                                                                                                 products.
       3b. Capacity is increased of central and local level, dossier                 to      the     national
                                                                       UNESCO/MAB committee
       responsible for the implementation of the project and also for
       staff of other related local directorates of ministries and
                                                                      > Undersigned         protocol      and
       institutions.                                                   cooperation programmes between
                                                                       relevant institutions
       3c. Nature protection consciousness and ecological awareness
       in the cross-border region is raised.
                                                                      > The number and quality of the
                                                                       education materials
                                                                      > Training manual and strategy
                                                                       developed at the beginning of 2009.
                                                                      > Education provided to 20 teachers
                                                                       by the mid 2009.
                                                                      > Education provided to 250 students
                                                                       by the end of 2009.

                                                                         > Web page domain, such          as
                                                                          “www.yildiz.tr”, is online.
                                                                         > Number of press articles.

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                                                                         > Number and subjects of printed
                                                                          publications


Activities                                                              Means                                                            Assumption

1. Inventory and Planning of the Yıldız Mountains as a Biosphere > Project Management Unit of the > TA Contract (1 300 000 > Political
Reserve:                                                                   MoEF in Ankara                         Euro EU Assistance)      consensus on all
                                                                          > Local Executive Office in the > Supply               Contract levels
• Installation of a GIS including spatial information of the regional project region                              (450000    Euro     EU > Interest of the
    inventory and thematic data for the different sectors (Agriculture,
                                                                          > TA Contract in order to support Assistance + 150 000 stakeholders
    Forestry, Landscape Aesthetics, Tourism and Recreation, etc.):
                                                                           PMU, local project office and the Euro         National    Co- sustained
    A GIS system using international metadata and mapping standards
                                                                           Training Centre with the adequate finance)                     > Permanent
    will be applied to support the regional inventory. In addition to the
                                                                           local and international experts in the                          Project staffs are
    digital GIS data, a set of thematic maps with results of the
                                                                           specialized areas.                                              assigned
    inventory and the planning of the Yıldız Mountains as a BR will
    be printed.                                                           > Supply Contract for all equipment
                                                                           needed to implement the project.
•   Carrying out a comprehensive regional inventory of
    - natural,
    - socio-economical,
    - administrational conditions and
    - analysis of the land use;

    This will include a profound research and mapping of areas with a
    high ecological and aesthetic value, including landscape typical
    elements and areas with a high potential for sustainable
    recreational activities, nature protection, organic farming and
    sustainable forest management.

•   Definition and mapping of the borders of the BR and the BR zones
    (core, buffer and transition area).


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•   Preparation of all necessary documents needed for the
    UNESCO/MAB nomination dossier
    Existing information, like data from the GEF II project in İğneada
    and Demirköy will be taken into consideration to complete the
    final BR plan and to define the different BR zones (core, buffer
    and transition area) as required by the UNESCO/MAB program.
    The BR planning and management process will be carried out by
    the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, which already has
    experience in nomination of Camili BR in Artvin Province.

2. Collaboration: Cooperation between relevant institutions of both
   sides will have been improved for the conservation, and
   sustainable development of natural resources and biodiversity
   of the Yıldız Mountains

•   Informing all stakeholders including the general public and
    involve them in the BR planning process through workshops and
    thematic working groups.
•   Establishment of thematic working groups including relevant
    authorities, NGOs, municipalities, representatives of farm owners,
    tourism service providers and local citizens in order to identify
    possible activities for the nature conservation and rural
    development. The groups will be moderated and facilitated by
    MoEF.
•   Developing an information and communication system for the
    Yıldız Mountains, including web services such as web mapping
    and content management systems.
•   Initiating and sustaining the exchange of information, strategies
    and plans in relevance with this project between the related
    authorities in Turkiye and Bulgaria and improving common


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    standards for the sustainable management of the natural resources
    in the project area,.
•   Preparation of the protocol and cooperation programme between
    Directorate of Forest Enterprises, University and Research
    Institutes, relevant Ministries and General Directorates, Non-
    Governmental Organizations, Local Cooperatives, Muhtars (head
    of the village administration) and other relevant authorities inside
    Yıldız Mountains.

3. Training and Awareness

Training

    •   Renovation of the building as a Training Centre in the Yıldız
        Mountain region. (Works)
    •   The Training Centre will be equipped with the adequate
        computer facilities and office equipment. (Supply)
    •   Preparation and development of the training strategy and
        training manual for the Training Centre
    •   Preparation of the education materials for the Training Centre:
        The education materials and courses curricula will be edited in
        the Turkish, Bulgarian and English languages. Education
        programmes targeting children in different age segments will
        be designed. A computer specialist will be hired to develop ad
        hoc software for all the educational materials and programmes
        produced.
    •   Training of the trainers, who will be employees of Training
        Centre, and Bulgarian trainers: Training of Trainers will
        include a study tour for visiting a similar natural park in an EU
        Member State and get acquainted with the educational
        practices there.
    •   First teachers will be trained on nature preservation; protection


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       and management to enable them to teach such issues in schools
       and to better guide their classes during visits to the park. Then
       children education programmes will start being implemented.
       The foreseen training activities will be organised for both sides
       of the border. Trainings will be open to Turkish and Bulgarian
       schools.

Capacity building; Capacity is increased of central and local level,
  responsible for the implementation of the project and also for staff
  of other related local directorates of ministries and institutions:

   •   Trainings for MoEF staff at central and local level, responsible
       for the implementation of the project and also for staff of other
       related local directorates of ministries and institutions.
   •   Developing a strategy for the further funding periods to train
       counterparts from municipalities, NGOs and public authorities
       concerning nature conservation, sustainable management of
       natural resources, rural development and environmental issues
   •   Study Tours and exchange programme to Bulgaria and/or to
       other EU member countries in order to share experiences,
       including organization of meetings for exchanging information
       and know-how between Turkish and Bulgarian authorities.

Awareness
  • Promotion of Yıldız Mountains region, including preparation
     of relevant awareness building material – radio and TV
     programmes, publications, videos, a website, seminars, field
     visits, organization of meetings for local people etc.
  • Seminars and workshops on the alternative income generating
     nature friendly activities for the inhabitants, particularly for the
     youth and women of the region.



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ANNEX 2- Detailed Implementation Chart




Sub-projects       II/      III/    IV/      I/       II/     III/      IV/     I/     II/    III/   IV/  I/   II/  III/   IV/
                   2006     2006    2006     2007     2007    2007      2007    2008   2008   2008   2008 2009 2009 2009   2009

Long       term P           P       P        T        T       T/C       C/I/D I        I/D    I      I/D   I   I/D   I     D
technical
assistance

Renovation of P             P       P        T        T       T/C/I/    I/D     I/D    I/D    I/D                    D
the building as                                               D
a      Training
Centre

Supply             P        P       P        T        T       C/I/D     I/D




P:   Preparation
T:   Tendering
C:   Contracting
I:   Implementation
D:   Disbursement



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ANNEX 3- Contracting and disbursement schedule
 FIGURES REGARDING EC CONTRIBUTION ONLY
Contracted   IV/2006       I/2007       II/2007       III/2007       IV/2007       I/2008       II/2008       III/2008       IV/2008       I/2009       II/2009       III/2009       IV/2009       I/2010       check

Works                  0            0             0    112,500                 0            0             0              0             0            0             0              0             0            0    112,500

Supply                 0            0             0    450,000                 0            0             0              0             0            0             0              0             0            0    450,000

TA                     0            0             0              0   1,300,000              0             0              0             0            0             0              0             0            0   1,300,000

Cumulated              0            0             0    562,500       1,862,500     1,862,500    1,862,500      1,862,500     1,862,500     1,862,500    1,862,500     1,862,500      1,862,500     1,862,500    1,862,500

Disbursed    IV/2006       I/2007       II/2007       III/2007       IV/2007       I/2008       II/2008       III/2008       IV/2008       I/2009       II/2009       III/2009       IV/2009       I/2010       check

Works                  0            0             0     54,000                 0     23,625               0      34,875                0            0             0              0             0            0    112,500

Supply                 0            0             0    270,000                 0    180,000               0              0             0            0             0              0             0            0    450,000

TA                     0            0             0              0     390,000              0     195,000                0     195,000              0    195,000                 0    195,000       130,000     1,300,000

Cumulated              0            0             0    324,000         714,000      917,625     1,112,625      1,147,500     1,342,500     1,342,500    1,537,500     1,537,500      1,732,500     1,862,500    1,862,500




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ANNEX 4- Reference to feasibility/pre-feasibility studies

Not applicable




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ANNEX 5- List of relevant laws and regulations

The National Legal Framework includes the following main strategies, plans and laws:
• Five Year Development Plans and its annual programs prepared by State Planning
  Organisation
• National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan
• National Desertification Action Plan
• The National Forest Programme
• The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan
• Wetland Regulation
• National Program for Accession to EU
• Law on Environment-2872
• Law on Forestry-6831
• Law on National Parks-2873
• Law on Land Hunting-4915
• Law on the Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage-2863
• Law on Fishery Products-1380
• Coastal/Shore Law-3621

Other national regulations related to environment (dates of enforcement in brackets)
•   Regulation on Environmental Pollution Prevention (1985)
•   Regulation on Air Pollution Control (1986)
•   Regulation on Noise Control (1986)
•   Regulation on Water Pollution Control (1988)
•   Regulation on Solid Waste Control (1991)
•   Regulation on Control of Harmful Chemicals and Products (1993)
•   Regulation on Environmental Impact Assessment (1993)
•   Regulation on Medical Waste Control (1993)
•   Regulation on Hazardous Waste Control (1995)
•   Regulation on the Landfill Guideline (Revision in 1999)

Turkey has ratified following conventions:
• Convention on Biological Diversity,
• Convention on the International Trade in Threatened Floral and Faunal Species (CITES,
  Washington Convention),


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• Convention on the Preservation of the Wild European Flora and Fauna and natural habitats
  (Bern Convention),
• Convention on the Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention), with some
  exceptions,
• Convention on the Preservation of the World Cultural and Historical Heritage (World
  Heritage Convention)
• Convention of European Landscape.




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ANNEX 6 - Reference list of relevant strategic plans and studies

1. Preliminary National Development Plan 2004-2006

2. Joint Programming Document of 2004-2006 Cross-Border Cooperation Programme between
   Bulgaria and Turkey

3. Five Year Development Plans and its annual programs prepared by State Planning
   Organisation

4. National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan

5. National Desertification Action Plan

6. The National Forest Programme

7. The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan




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ANNEX 7: Indicative list of equipment


Name of Equipment                           Quantity
Small bus
Herbal and structural materials for garden
Materials for the 2 classes each with the
capacity for 15 people
Visitor information room
Multi-purpose room with the capacity for
30 people
Recreation room
2 training office
Depot and archive
3 dormitories each with the capacity for 10
people
Laundry Room
Kitchen and dining saloon
Projector
Computer
Training Materials
Screen, sound system, cinevision

Name of Equipment                               Quantity
4x4 car, standard car                           2
GIS/RS/IT equipment

Office facilities and equipment for the
PMU and the Local Office in Kırklareli
Material (sat. Imagery, pc, software-
hardware, printer, digital map, production
etc)
Field equipment, GPS, traps, binocular,
tent, camera,ect.
Other           services        (telefon/fax,
electricity/heating, maintenance, etc




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