NWPCC's Fish and Wildlife Program

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					NWPCC’s Fish and Wildlife Program
COLUMBIA
  BASIN

  1980
   TO
  2004
       Fish and Wildlife Integrated Program Spending
                                                      Expense (+Action Plan/High Priority)

Dollars in millions
$140

$120

$100

 $80

 $60

 $40
                                                                                32.8   33
                                                             22.2          23
                                        19.6          19.6          18.8
 $20
                                  9.1          15.9
                            4.6
               2.3    2.3

           78-80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91

                                                                                 Year
                December 15, 1994

The Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee
(PNUCC) recommended a set of specific amendments
to Section 3 that can be grouped into six categories: (1)
consult with the “Salmon Oversight Committee”
recommended by the Snake River Salmon Recovery
Team; (2) modify the role of the Basin Oversight
Group; (3) strengthen the Council’s commitment to
accountability and cost-effectiveness; (4) delete the
implementation planning process; (5) delete the
subregional process; and (6) delete a redundant
Section 3.2F.
Chronology of Listings, Biological Opinions, Council
   F&W Programs and Other Related Processes
          Snake River
            spring/
           summer
           Chinook
            salmon
          T
           Snake
 Snake     River         Kootenai
 River      fall           River
Sockeye   Chinook          White
salmon    salmon         Sturgeon
  E            T            E




91        92        93      94        95

                                     NOAA
                                     BiOp


                   USFWS USFWS USFWS
                    BiOp  BiOp  BiOp




                                          1994
                                 Council F&W Program
       Fish and Wildlife Integrated Program Spending
                                                      Expense (+Action Plan/High Priority)

Dollars in millions
$140

$120

$100

 $80
                                                                                            67

 $60                                                                                                    55.9
                                                                                                 49.6


 $40
                                                                                32.8   33
                                                             22.2          23
                                        19.6          19.6          18.8
 $20
                                  9.1          15.9
                            4.6
               2.3    2.3

           78-80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94

                                                                                 Year
                          May 20, 1996

  180-Day review of Fish and Wildlife Governance
                      Report to Congress
   (Identified seven ways to improve fish and wildlife governance)

•Integrate the three existing fish and wildlife recovery plans (federal,
tribal and the Council’s).
•Establish clear responsibility for implementing the integrated plan.
•Establish dispute resolution mechanisms.
•Support watershed processes and integrate them into basinwide
decision-making.
•Establish monitoring and evaluation programs that measure results and
ensure accountability.
•Ensure credible scientific foundations for planning and implementation.
•Secure and allocate a reliable budget
                October 1997

Fish and wildlife recovery in the Pacific
Northwest: Breaking the Deadlock;
A draft analysis by the Northwest Power
Planning Council staff:

This report recognizes that there are economic
benefits to be gained from a long term plan for fish
recovery, including improved predictability and
accountability for fish measures paid for by the
users of the Federal Columbia River Power System.
       Fish and Wildlife Integrated Program Spending
                                                      Expense (+Action Plan/High Priority)

Dollars in millions
$140

$120

$100
                                                                                                                           82.2
 $80
                                                                                                               71.4 68.5
                                                                                            67

 $60                                                                                                    55.9
                                                                                                 49.6


 $40
                                                                                32.8   33
                                                             22.2          23
                                        19.6          19.6          18.8
 $20
                                  9.1          15.9
                            4.6
               2.3    2.3

           78-80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97

                                                                                 Year
Chronology of Listings, Biological Opinions, Council
   F&W Programs and Other Related Processes
          Snake River
            spring/
           summer                                                               E   Upper Columbia spring Chinook salmon
           Chinook                                       Snake      Bull
                                                          River    Trout        T   Upper Willamette River Chinook salmon
            salmon
          T                                            steelhead
                                                                    T           T   Lower Columbia River Chinook salmon
           Snake                                          T
 Snake     River         Kootenai                     Upper     Lower           T   Middle Columbia River
 River      fall           River                    Columbia Columbia
                           White                                River           T   Upper Columbia River steelhead
Sockeye   Chinook                                     River
salmon    salmon         Sturgeon                   steelhead steelhead         T Columbia chum salmon
               T            E                                      T
  E                                                      E



91        92        93      94        95       96            97     98     99         00

                                     NOAA                           NOAA NOAA       NOAA
                                     BiOp                           BiOp BiOp       BiOp
                                                                                   All-H
                   USFWS USFWS USFWS                                       USFWS Strategy
                    BiOp  BiOp  BiOp                                        BiOp USFWS
                                                                                  BiOp




                                          1994                                                    2000
                                 Council F&W Program                                     Council F&W Program
Although BPA has fish and wildlife responsibilities under the Endangered Species Act and
the Northwest Power Act, in many cases, both responsibilities can be met in the same set of
actions.

                    1980                                Endangered Species
                   Northwest                             Act 1995, 2000,2004
                  Power Act                               and 2008 Biological
                                                                Opinions
        “The Administrator                  Listed
        shall use the Bonneville
      Power Administration Fund       ANADROMOUS                 “Each Federal agency
         to protect, mitigate, and                                shall….insure that any
      enhance fish and wildlife to        FISH                  action authorized funded,
          the extent affected by                                   or carried out by such
      development and operation          RESIDENT
      of any hydroelectric project                                  agency is not likely to
       of the Columbia River and           FISH                    jeopardize continued
             its tributaries.”                                       existence…of any
                                         WILDLIFE                   endangered species
                   Non-Listed                                         or threatened
                                                                        species…”
                    FISH and
                    WILDLIFE

                 Treaty and Non-Treaty Tribal Policy
               BPA will consult with the Tribal governments prior to BPA taking
                actions, making decisions, or implementing programs that may
                                    affect Tribal resources.
                              November 3, 1999
Council continues increased accountability for fish and wildlife recovery projects:
Independent Scientific Review Leads to Approval of Improved Project Proposals




                               January 26, 2000
Proposed interim project renewal process for FY 2001

The Council has asked for improved project contracting practices to achieve greater fiscal
accountability in project funding. These practices require additional budget estimate detail
to implement.

The major change in the budget format is to respond to Council guidance to improve fiscal
accountability and implement Bonneville’s improved program management practices.
       Fish and Wildlife Integrated Program Spending
                                                      Expense (+Action Plan/High Priority)

Dollars in millions
$140

$120
                                                                                                                                          108.2 108.2
                                                                                                                                  104.9

$100
                                                                                                                           82.2
 $80
                                                                                                               71.4 68.5
                                                                                            67

 $60                                                                                                    55.9
                                                                                                 49.6


 $40
                                                                                32.8   33
                                                             22.2          23
                                        19.6          19.6          18.8
 $20
                                  9.1          15.9
                            4.6
               2.3    2.3

           78-80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00

                                                                                 Year
                   June 4, 2004

“Subbasin plans will improve the project selection
and review process by providing a more complete
and specific base of information on the status of
fish and wildlife populations in each tributary
subbasin,” said Council Chair Judi Danielson, an
Idaho member of the four-state agency. “They
also will provide linkages to other planning
processes for improving fish and wildlife survival.
The plans will help us to better target where we
invest the public’s resources and will improve the
financial accountability of the program.”
COLUMBIA
  BASIN

  1980
   TO
  2004
Columbia
 Basin

  2004
    to
  Now
Chronology of Listings, Biological Opinions, Council
   F&W Programs and Other Related Processes
          Snake River
            spring/
           summer                                                               E   Upper Columbia spring Chinook salmon
           Chinook                                       Snake      Bull
                                                          River    Trout        T   Upper Willamette River Chinook salmon
            salmon
          T                                            steelhead
                                                                    T           T   Lower Columbia River Chinook salmon
           Snake                                          T
 Snake     River         Kootenai                     Upper     Lower           T   Middle Columbia River
 River      fall           River                    Columbia Columbia                                                                                                 Cumulative Evaluation
                           White                                River           T   Upper Columbia River steelhead
Sockeye   Chinook                                     River
salmon    salmon         Sturgeon                   steelhead steelhead         T Columbia chum salmon                                                               3 Year Implementation Plans
               T            E                                      T
  E                                                      E



91        92        93      94        95       96            97     98     99         00      01        02         03        04       05    06          07     08          09        10            11

                                     NOAA                           NOAA NOAA       NOAA                          NOAA                                         New
                                                                    BiOp BiOp       BiOp                          BiOp  NOAA               Critical
                                     BiOp                                                                                                                      BiOp?
                                                                                                                 Remand BiOp               Habitat
                                                                                   All-H
                   USFWS USFWS USFWS                                       USFWS Strategy                                    UPA
                    BiOp  BiOp  BiOp                                        BiOp USFWS
                                                                                  BiOp

                                                                                                                   Subbasin
                                                                                                                 Assessments & Planning               NOAA
                                                                                                                                                 Recovery Planning
                                                                                                               Mainstem Amendments


                                          1994                                                    2000                                                        2008
                                 Council F&W Program                                     Council F&W Program                                          Council F&W Program
       Fish and Wildlife Integrated Program Spending
                                                      Expense (+Action Plan/High Priority)

Dollars in millions                                                                                                                                                             145.8

$140                                                                                                                                                            137.1
                                                                                                                                                                        140.6
                                                                                                                           MOA Funding
                                                                                                                             1996-01
$120
                                                                                                                                          108.2 108.2
                                                                                                                                  104.9
                                                                                                                                                        101.1
$100
                                                                                                                           82.2
 $80
                                                                                                               71.4 68.5
                                                                                            67

 $60                                                                                                    55.9
                                                                                                 49.6


 $40
                                                                                32.8   33
                                                             22.2          23
                                        19.6          19.6          18.8
 $20
                                  9.1          15.9
                            4.6
               2.3    2.3

           78-80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04

                                                                                 Year
         BPA’s Total Fish & Wildlife Program:
    Total Annual Average Cost to BPA Rate Payers
                  Percentage of Budget Categories                       FY 2007-2009
                         Allocated to F&W                                ($ in Millions)
UNSLICED 50-year Annual Average Hydro Operations Effects
(Power Purchases & Foregone Revenues)                                           356.9

Integrated Program (revised from 139.0)                        100%             143.0

 NWPCC – Annual Average                                        50%                  4.6
US Fish & Wildlife Service – Annual Avg. (revised from 19.8)
Lower Snake Compensation Plan                                  100%               19.5

 Corps of Engineers O&M – Annual Average                       ~25%               37.5

 Reclamation O&M – Annual Average                              ~7%
                                                                                    4.2
Total repayment obligations for
current & past F&W investments     Plant in Service                             129.6
COE/Reclamation/USF&WS
Appropriations for Capital                                            TOTAL 695.3
F&W Investments

BPA Borrowing for Capital
F&W Investments

BPA’s Power Business Line
Decision-Maker’s
   Summary
 (not available)




               Basinwide              Environmental
                                      and other Data
               Province

               Subbasin

              Population
                                     Environmental, Natural
         Fish & Wildlife Agencies,
                                       Resource Agencies
               tribes & others             and others
1.   As much as possible, use other people’s
     information to compile maps, tables and
     graphs.
2.   Produce annual summary report.
3.   Identify data and coverage gaps.
4.   Decide how important it is to fill the gaps.
5.   Limit new m&e, and shift existing resources, to
     high priority gap filling.
                    Need to focus on Current Status (bold green boxed areas).

       Actions                                   Physical/Biological                                        Population
                                                 Changes                                                    Responses
       • Habitat                                 • Habitat Attributes
                                                                                                            • Abundance
       • Art. Prod.                              • Juvenile & Adult
                                                  Broodstock                                                • Productivity



     Contract
                                                         Status &                                                 Status &
     Performance
                                                         Trends                                                   Trends
     (BPA)




    Maintenance
    Monitoring                                                       How these work are Research
    (~ 5 years by BPA)                                               not monitoring questions.

Note: Boxes in dark green are emphasized in this document, though all steps in this process are important and should be included considered.