Aviation Accident Reporting and Investigation by yth12061


									Aviation Accident Reporting and
              AST 425
      Airport Manager’s Guide
           Accident Trends
• Over the Last three years accidents have
  continued to increase.
• 1994 - 40
• 1995 - 43
• 1996 - 44 (12 Fatalities)
• 1997 - 9 Accidents (4 Fatalities) and an
  additional 33 Incidents reported(4-2-97)
        Accident Trend Analysis

40                                FAR 91


30                                FAR 135

                                  FAR 137

                                  FAR 141

     1994   1995   1996   1997
 What are my Responsibilities as
      the Airport Manager
• You are the
• You should develop a
  process that is going to
  be used during such an
• This includes a list of
  initial notification
  phone numbers
        Sequence of Events
• Call Emergency Rescue for assistance
• Contact Local Law enforcement agency for
• Contact the FAA
• Remain calm and think each segment or
  question out prior to acting.
• FAA needs N#, Location, & Time occurred
          Sequence of Events
• Limit Access of scene to Rescue and Law
  Enforcement Officers until the FAA IIC
• The main goal at this point is to prevent
  further incidents or injuries by limiting the
  accessibility of the accident site.
  Safe Guard Information
• Do Not volunteer information to
  Media or persons that are not in
  “Authorized Official Capacity”
• This is especially important
  regarding persons on board the
  aircraft or their physical condition.
• Refer Media inquiries to FAA
  Public Affairs (847) 294-7427
            What can I expect
• Because of your status
  as the airport manager
  you will be like a fish
  in a bowl.
• Everyone will want to
  be your buddy,
  especially the ones
  who want you to
  divulge information
             Things Not to Do
• Do not present your
  self as an investigator
• Stay focused in being
  a facilitator and
  coordinator during the
  initial phases of the
          Information Gathering
• Remember You are
  acting in an official
  capacity as the airport
• Try to gather any
  witnesses and ask them
  for their name & phone
  number then give them to
  the FAA IIC
Who do I call if there is an
   Aircraft Accident
    Federal and State Agencies that
         need to be contacted
•   Flight Service
•   FAA Regional Communication Center
•   Flight Standards District Office
•   State DOT Department of Transportation
    Hazardous Materials Duty Officer
      Important Phone Numbers
•   PFSS - 1-800-992-7133 ( ask for Suprv)
•   FAA RCC - 1-800-762-1457
•   MSP FSDO - (612) 713-4211
•   FAA PA - (847) 294-7427
•   DOT - 1-800-422-0798
           Investigation Phase
• Do not move the
  aircraft without the
  approval of the FAA
• Allow Local Law
  enforcement to map
  the scene and Protect.
 Who Has Authority to Enter the
• Federal Aviation Administration
  Investigators who present appropriate
  Identification. (FAA Form 110A & FAA
  Form 8000-39)
• NTSB Investigators who Present
  appropriate Identification
• Local or State Law Enforcement Officers
  and Emergency Rescue / Medical Personnel
                   Public Law
•   Title 49 US Code      • Any civil aircraft and
•   Chapter 11              parts thereof, also
                            property on board,
•   Section 1134
                            involved in the
•   Sub Section (b) (2)     accident shall be
                            preserved IAW the
                            prescribed by the
                            FAA and NTSB
  Operator or Owner Refusal of
  Access to Aircraft / Wreckage
• Title 49 US. Code
• Appendix 1471
• Federal Aviation Act
  of 1958
• Section 901
      Persons Refusing Access
• Any person who
  refuses to grant access
  to the aircraft after
  proper demand by the
  inspector will be
  subject to civil and
  criminal penalties up
  to $5000 and or ONE
  Year in Jail
  Title 49 US Code Section 115
• Sub Section (b)       • A person that
• Criminal Penalty        knowingly and
• Imprisoned for not      without authority
  more than Ten years     removes, conceals, or
                          withholds a part of a
                          civil aircraft involved
                          in an accident, or
                          property, shall be
                          fined under Title 18
           Investigation Phase
• The Local Law             • Determining the
  Enforcement should          direction of flight and
  gather as much data         possible angle of
  about the pilot as          impact can be of help
  possible.                 • Witness statements
• They can also assist us     assist in providing
  by gather any aircraft      vital information in the
  and pilot log books at      FAA & NTSB
  the scene.                  investigation.
               FAR 61.3(h)
• Pilot must present their pilot Certificate and
  Medical Authorization to any authorized
  FAA, NTSB Official, Federal, State, or
  Local Law Enforcement Officer upon
           FAR 61.51(d)(1)
• Pilot must present log book or any other
  record for inspection upon request of the
  authorized officials.
• Pilot Log Book
• Aircraft Log Books
• Flight Plan
   Preservation of Accident Site
• Local Law                • Because of the nature
  Enforcement agencies       of aircraft accidents
  can assist the FAA and     Local Officials are
  NTSB by preserving         generally the first on
  the site as if it were a   the scene. This
  crime scene                includes Airport
• FAA relies greatly on      Officials.
  assistance from these
        Accident Site Guidance
• Locate the battery        • Beware of fuel
  switch for the aircraft     spillage
  and turn off              • Beware of BIO
• Have a Certificated         Hazards (Pathogens)
  Mechanic disconnect
  the battery
• Locate the ELT and
            For the Coroner
• It is imperative that the coroner understands
  that if there are fatalities
• The FAA IIC will provide the coroner with
  a toxicology kit that will require samples
  from the pilots remains.
• This will be done only on the pilot
Accident Investigation Processes
•   Flight Planning
•   Airport data
•   physiological and psychological factors
•   Flight path
•   Pilot training and competency

•   Surface observations
•   Pilot reports
•   Upper air information
•   Radar weather data
•   Forecasts
          Aircraft Performance

•   Operational capability
•   Stability/Control
•   Aerodynamics
•   Fail-Safe systems
•   Performance limitations
•   Certification
    Human Performance & Survival
•   Crashworthiness
•   Pathological
•   Cockpit and Cabin hazards
•   Post crash factors
•   Seats and Restraint systems
    Summary of this Presentation
•   Accident Trends
•   Airport Manager
•   Accident Reporting
•   Accident Investigation
•   Accident Site Guide
•   Toxicology Kits
•   Accident Investigation
Questions and Answers

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